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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914061/mobile-applications-as-good-intervention-tools-for-individuals-with-depression
#1
Petra Marešová, Blanka Klímová, Kamil Kuča
At present mental disorders affect approximately 450 million people around the world. Depressive disorder is probably one of the most serious disorders and as a type of chronic disease, it represents a global threat and burdens economic and social systems of both individuals and governments worldwide. One of these most recent non-pharmacological approaches is also the so-called mHealth (mobile health), the use of mobile devices for the practice of medicine and public health, which proves to be effective particularly in the early stages of depression...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910380/validation-of-the-diabetes-screening-tools-proposed-by-the-american-diabetes-association-in-an-aging-chinese-population
#2
Yu Cho Woo, Chi Ho Lee, Carol H Y Fong, Annette W K Tso, Bernard M Y Cheung, Karen S L Lam
AIM: Diabetes is a serious global health problem. A simple and effective screening tool should have substantial public health benefit. We investigated the performance of the latest American Diabetes Association diabetes screening methods in our aging Chinese population. METHODS: Subjects without diabetes who returned for the 4th Hong Kong Cardiovascular Risk Factors Prevalence Study in 2010-2012 were evaluated for the probability of having diabetes with reference to the age- and body mass index-based screening criteria (screening criteria) and the diabetes risk test (risk test), and the conclusion drawn was compared to their measured glycaemic status...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904678/-epidemiological-profile-of-hemoglobinopathies-a-cross-sectional-and-descriptive-index-case-study
#3
Fatima Dahmani, Souad Benkirane, Jaafar Kouzih, Aziz Woumki, Hassan Mamad, Azlarab Masrar
Hemoglobinopathies are congenital disorders resultimg from hemoglobin abnormalities. Major forms are often severe, their management is difficult and associated with a great psychosocial impact on patients and their families. They are classified as rare diseases and are still insufficiently known by health professionals. This lack of knowledge is at the origin of diagnostic errors, delay in their management and therefore high morbidity and mortality rate for these patients. In 2008, the World Health Organization (WHO) has published data on hemoglobinopathies epidemiology: more than 330...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903473/baseline-anatomical-assessment-of-the-uterus-and-ovaries-in-infertile-women-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-on-which-assessment-methods-are-the-safest-and-most-effective-in-terms-of-improving-fertility-outcomes
#4
Sarah C Armstrong, Marian Showell, Elizabeth A Stewart, Robert W Rebar, Sheryl Vanderpoel, Cynthia M Farquhar
BACKGROUND: This review focuses on the initial presentation of women who suspect that they are infertile, and how best to assess the anatomy of their uterus and ovaries in order to investigate the cause of their infertility, and potentially improve desired fertility outcomes. This review was undertaken as part of a World Health Organization initiative to assess the evidence available to address guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of infertility within a global context. Providing access to care for infertile women will help to ease the psycho-social burdens, such as ostracization, intimate partner violence and other negative consequences of being involuntarily childless or unable to become pregnant despite desiring a biological child or children...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893183/antimicrobial-resistance-in-africa-a-systematic-review
#5
Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse, Elizabeth A Ashley, Stefano Ongarello, Joshua Havumaki, Miranga Wijegoonewardena, Iveth J González, Sabine Dittrich
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is widely acknowledged as a global problem, yet in many parts of the world its magnitude is still not well understood. This review, using a public health focused approach, aimed to understand and describe the current status of AMR in Africa in relation to common causes of infections and drugs recommended in WHO treatment guidelines. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and other relevant databases were searched for recent articles (2013-2016) in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines...
September 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884751/tuberculous-meningitis
#6
REVIEW
Robert J Wilkinson, Ursula Rohlwink, Usha Kant Misra, Reinout van Crevel, Nguyen Thi Hoang Mai, Kelly E Dooley, Maxine Caws, Anthony Figaji, Rada Savic, Regan Solomons, Guy E Thwaites
Tuberculosis remains a global health problem, with an estimated 10.4 million cases and 1.8 million deaths resulting from the disease in 2015. The most lethal and disabling form of tuberculosis is tuberculous meningitis (TBM), for which more than 100,000 new cases are estimated to occur per year. In patients who are co-infected with HIV-1, TBM has a mortality approaching 50%. Study of TBM pathogenesis is hampered by a lack of experimental models that recapitulate all the features of the human disease. Diagnosis of TBM is often delayed by the insensitive and lengthy culture technique required for disease confirmation...
September 8, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879165/developing-a-customised-approach-for-strengthening-tuberculosis-laboratory-quality-management-systems-toward-accreditation
#7
Heidi Albert, Andre Trollip, Donatelle Erni, Kekeletso Kao
BACKGROUND: Quality-assured tuberculosis laboratory services are critical to achieve global and national goals for tuberculosis prevention and care. Implementation of a quality management system (QMS) in laboratories leads to improved quality of diagnostic tests and better patient care. The Strengthening Laboratory Management Toward Accreditation (SLMTA) programme has led to measurable improvements in the QMS of clinical laboratories. However, progress in tuberculosis laboratories has been slower, which may be attributed to the need for a structured tuberculosis-specific approach to implementing QMS...
2017: African Journal of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879163/diagnostic-system-strengthening-for-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-nigeria-impact-and-challenges
#8
Gambo Aliyu, Nicholas Ezati, Mosunmola Iwakun, Sam Peters, Alash'le Abimiku
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of drug-resistant tuberculosis and the threat of extensively-drug-resistant tuberculosis in HIV hotspots have made the detection and treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis in the sub-Saharan Africa setting a global public health priority. OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the impact and challenges of tuberculosis diagnostic capacity development for the detection of drug-resistant tuberculosis and bio-surveillance using a modular biosafety level 3 (BSL-3) laboratory in Nigeria...
2017: African Journal of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879161/implementation-of-quality-management-systems-and-progress-towards-accreditation-of-national-tuberculosis-reference-laboratories-in-africa
#9
Heidi Albert, Jean de Dieu Iragena, Kekeletso Kao, Donatelle Erni, Teferi Mekonen, Philip C Onyebujoh
BACKGROUND: Laboratory services are essential at all stages of the tuberculosis care cascade, from diagnosis and drug resistance testing to monitoring response to treatment. Enabling access to quality services is a challenge in low-resource settings. Implementation of a strong quality management system (QMS) and laboratory accreditation are key to improving patient care. OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to determine the status of QMS implementation and progress towards accreditation of National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratories (NTRLs) in the African Region...
2017: African Journal of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873011/response-to-blood-meal-in-the-fat-body-of-anopheles-stephensi-using-quantitative-proteomics-toward-new-vector-control-strategies-against-malaria
#10
Manish Kumar, Ajeet Kumar Mohanty, Sreelakshmi K Sreenivasamurthy, Gourav Dey, Jayshree Advani, Sneha M Pinto, Ashwani Kumar, Thottethodi Subrahmanya Keshava Prasad
Malaria remains a grand challenge for disruptive innovation in global health therapeutics and diagnostics. Anopheles stephensi is one of the major vectors of malaria in Asia. Vector and transmission control are key focus areas in the fight against malaria, a field of postgenomics research where proteomics can play a substantive role. Moreover, to identify novel strategies to control the vector population, it is necessary to understand the vector life processes at a global and molecular scale. In this context, fat body is a vital organ required for vitellogenesis, vector immunity, vector physiology, and vector-parasite interaction...
September 5, 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872271/to-err-is-human-to-correct-is-public-health-a-systematic-review-examining-poor-quality-testing-and-misdiagnosis-of-hiv-status
#11
Cheryl C Johnson, Virginia Fonner, Anita Sands, Nathan Ford, Carla Mahklouf Obermeyer, Sharon Tsui, Vincent Wong, Rachel Baggaley
INTRODUCTION: In accordance with global testing and treatment targets, many countries are seeking ways to reach the "90-90-90" goals, starting with diagnosing 90% of all people with HIV. Quality HIV testing services are needed to enable people with HIV to be diagnosed and linked to treatment as early as possible. It is essential that opportunities to reach people with undiagnosed HIV are not missed, diagnoses are correct and HIV-negative individuals are not inadvertently initiated on life-long treatment...
August 29, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869571/value-based-pricing-and-reimbursement-in-personalised-healthcare-introduction-to-the-basic-health-economics
#12
REVIEW
Louis P Garrison, Adrian Towse
'Value-based' outcomes, pricing, and reimbursement are widely discussed as health sector reforms these days. In this paper, we discuss their meaning and relationship in the context of personalized healthcare, defined as receipt of care conditional on the results of a biomarker-based diagnostic test. We address the question: "What kinds of pricing and reimbursement models should be applied in personalized healthcare?" The simple answer is that competing innovators and technology adopters should have incentives that promote long-term dynamic efficiency...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869135/genetics-of-alzheimer-s-disease-from-pathogenesis-to-clinical-usage
#13
REVIEW
Wen Shao, Dantao Peng, Xiaomin Wang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia and has caused a major global health concern. Understanding the etiology of AD can be beneficial for the diagnosis and intervention of this disease. Genetics plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of AD. Research methods in genetics such as the linkage analysis, study of candidate genes, genome-wide association study (GWAS), and next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology help us map the genetic information in AD, which can not only provide a new insight into the pathogenesis of AD but also be beneficial for early targeted intervention of AD...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868901/assessment-and-biomonitoring-indoor-environment-of-buildings
#14
Jozef Švajlenka, Mária Kozlovská, Terézia Pošiváková
Ensuring hygiene and health protection is one of the basic construction requirements. Such requirements are examined when commissioning new constructions and examining defects in constructions already in use. One substantial defect is biocorrosion which represents a synergistic process with a complex variety of factors. It is caused by biochemical manifestations of various micro-organisms (micromycetes). Micromycetes producing mycotoxins therefore play an important role regarding the so-called 'Sick Building Syndrome' that has become a global problem nowadays...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865184/dna-barcoding-of-invasive-plants-in-china-a-resource-for-identifying-invasive-plants
#15
Song-Zhi Xu, Zhen-Yu Li, Xiao-Hua Jin
Invasive plants have aroused attention globally for causing ecological damage and having a negative impact on the economy and human health. However, it can be extremely challenging to rapidly and accurately identify invasive plants based on morphology because they are an assemblage of many different families and many plant materials lack sufficient diagnostic characteristics during border inspections. It is therefore urgent to evaluate candidate loci and build a reliable genetic library to prevent invasive plants from entering China...
September 2, 2017: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864697/estimating-the-prevalence-of-heterozygous-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Leo E Akioyamen, Jacques Genest, Shubham D Shan, Rachel L Reel, Jordan M Albaum, Anna Chu, Jack V Tu
OBJECTIVES: Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) confers a significant risk for premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the estimated prevalence of FH varies substantially among studies. We aimed to provide a summary estimate of FH prevalence in the general population and assess variations in frequency across different sociodemographic characteristics. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND OUTCOME MEASURES: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO and PubMed for peer-reviewed literature using validated strategies...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846924/the-circular-rna-of-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-hsa_circ_0005836-as-a-new-diagnostic-biomarker-and-therapeutic-target-of-active-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#17
Ze-Gang Zhuang, Jun-Ai Zhang, Hou-Long Luo, Gan-Bin Liu, Yuan-Bin Lu, Nan-Hai Ge, Bi-Ying Zheng, Rui Xi Li, Chen Chen, Xin Wang, Yu-Qing Liu, Feng-Hui Liu, Yong Zhou, Xiao-Zhen Cai, Zheng W Chen, Jun-Fa Xu
It has been reported that circular RNA (circRNA) is associated with human cancer. However, few studies have been reported in active pulmonary tuberculosis (APTB). The global circRNA expression was detected in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of APTB patients (n=5) and health controls (HC) (n=5) by using high-throughput sequencing. According to the systematical bioinformatics analysis, the basic content of circRNAs and their fold changes in the two groups were calculated. We selected 6 significant differentially expressed circRNAs, hsa_circ_0005836, hsa_circ_0009128, hsa_circ_0003519, hsa_circ_0023956, hsa_circ_0078768, and hsa_circ_0088452 and validated the expression in PBMCs from APTB (n=10) and HC (n=10) by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reactions (qRT-PCRs)...
August 25, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841814/the-impact-of-commercial-rapid-respiratory-virus-diagnostic-tests-on-patient-outcomes-and-health-system-utilization
#18
Fiona Ko, Steven J Drews
Acute respiratory tract infections due to influenza A/B and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are major causes of morbidity and mortality globally. Rapid tests for detection of these pathogens include antigen detection point of care tests (POC) and newer easy to use molecular tests. From experience, these assays improve both laboratory workflow and assay interpretation issues. However, the question of the benefits of using rapid test technology compared to routine laboratory testing for respiratory viral pathogens is still often asked...
September 4, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838308/medical-mobile-technologies-what-is-needed-for-a-sustainable-and-scalable-implementation-on-a-global-scale
#19
Johan Lundin, Guy Dumont
Current advances within medical technology show great potential from a global health perspective. Inexpensive, effective solutions to common problems within diagnostics, medical procedures and access to medical information are emerging within almost all fields of medicine. The innovations can benefit health care both in resource-limited and in resource-rich settings. However, there is a big gap between the proof-of-concept stage and implementation. This article will give examples of promising solutions, with special focus on mobile image- and sensor-based diagnostics...
June 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828871/why-seek-a-second-consultation-at-an-emergency-centre-a-qualitative-study
#20
Lize Crafford, Louis S Jenkins
BACKGROUND: The inappropriate use of emergency centres (ECs) is an expanding problem globally. The high attendance of non-urgent return presentations to ECs is recognised as part of the problem, placing an unnecessary demand on limited staff and resources. Of unscheduled returns 34% of cases had no change to diagnosis or treatment with the conclusion that 80% of re-attendance could be attributed to deficiencies in the initial consultation. This study aimed to evaluate the reasons why patients sought an early second consultation for the same complaint at a hospital EC in South Africa, by exploring the patient's experience and shortcomings in the first consultation...
July 27, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
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