keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Shared Governance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351305/gender-stereotypes-and-education-a-comparative-content-analysis-of-malaysian-indonesian-pakistani-and-bangladeshi-school-textbooks
#1
Kazi Md Mukitul Islam, M Niaz Asadullah
Using government secondary school English language textbooks from Malaysia, Indonesia, Pakistan and Bangladesh, we conducted a quantitative content analysis in order to identify gender stereotypes in school education. In total, 21 categories of exclusion and quality of representation were used to study gender stereotypes. Our analysis confirms a pro-male bias in textbooks: the aggregate female share is 40.4% in textual and pictorial indicators combined. Female occupations are mostly traditional and less prestigious while the characters are predominantly introverted and passive in terms of personality traits...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348568/medial-preoptic-area-in-mice-is-capable-of-mediating-sexually-dimorphic-behaviors-regardless-of-gender
#2
Yi-Chao Wei, Shao-Ran Wang, Zhuo-Lei Jiao, Wen Zhang, Jun-Kai Lin, Xing-Yu Li, Shuai-Shuai Li, Xin Zhang, Xiao-Hong Xu
The medial preoptic area (mPOA) differs between males and females in nearly all species examined to date, including humans. Here, using fiber photometry recordings of Ca2+ transients in freely behaving mice, we show ramping activities in the mPOA that precede and correlate with sexually dimorphic display of male-typical mounting and female-typical pup retrieval. Strikingly, optogenetic stimulation of the mPOA elicits similar display of mounting and pup retrieval in both males and females. Furthermore, by means of recording, ablation, optogenetic activation, and inhibition, we show mPOA neurons expressing estrogen receptor alpha (Esr1) are essential for the sexually biased display of these behaviors...
January 18, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343681/oral-health-in-china-from-vision-to-action
#3
REVIEW
Xuedong Zhou, Xin Xu, Jiyao Li, Deyu Hu, Tao Hu, Wei Yin, Yujiang Fan, Xingdong Zhang
Chinese president Xi Jinping made clear at the National Health and Wellness Conference that health is the prerequisite for people's all-around development and a precondition for the sustainable development of China. Oral health is an indispensable component of overall health in humans. However, the long neglect of oral health in overall health agendas has made oral diseases an increasing concern. With this perspective, we described the global challenges of oral diseases, with an emphasis on the challenges faced by China...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339191/current-status-and-perspectives-of-fungal-entomopathogens-used-for-microbial-control-of-arthropod-pests-in-brazil
#4
REVIEW
Gabriel Moura Mascarin, Rogerio Biaggioni Lopes, Ítalo Delalibera, Éverton Kort Kamp Fernandes, Christian Luz, Marcos Faria
Entomopathogenic fungi play a central role in Brazil's biopesticide market. Approximately 50% of registered microbial biopesticides comprise mycoinsecticides consisting of hypocrealean fungi, with most based on Metarhizium anisopliae sensu stricto (s.str.) and Beauveria bassiana (s.str.). These fungi are used to control spittlebugs in sugarcane fields and whiteflies in row crops, respectively, with annual applications surpassing three million hectares. Research in Brazil also emphasizes the potential of fungal entomopathogens to manage arthropod vectors of human diseases...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334835/national-approaches-to-promote-sports-and-physical-activity-in-adults-with-disabilities-examples-from-the-netherlands-and-canada
#5
Femke Hoekstra, Lynn Roberts, Caroline van Lindert, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Lucas H V van der Woude, Mary Ann McColl
PURPOSE: This study described how the Dutch and Canadian governments promote high performance sports, recreational sports, and physical activity (PA) among adults with disabilities on a national level. METHODS: An internet-based study was conducted to identify and select relevant documents and websites containing information about the national approach to promote disability sports and physical activities in the Netherlands and Canada. RESULTS: Both governments promote high performance sports in similar ways, but use different strategies to promote recreational sports and physical activities...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332145/the-experiences-and-beliefs-of-older-people-in-scottish-very-sheltered-housing-about-using-multi-compartment-compliance-aids
#6
Derek Stewart, Kathrine Gibson Smith, Joan MacLeod, Alison Strath, Vibhu Paudyal, Katrina Forbes-McKay, Scott Cunningham, Katie MacLure
Background Multi-compartment compliance aids (MCAs) are promoted as a potential solution to medicines non-adherence despite the absence of high quality evidence of effectiveness of MCA use impacting medicines adherence or any clinical outcomes. Furthermore, there is a lack of qualitative research which focuses on the perspectives of older people receiving MCAs. Objectives To describe experiences and beliefs surrounding very sheltered housing (VSH) residents' use of MCAs with emphasis on issues of personalisation, reablement, shared decision-making, independence and support...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330544/perceptions-of-legislation-relating-to-the-sharing-of-genomic-biobank-results-with-donors-a-survey-of-bbmri-eric-biobanks
#7
Minna Brunfeldt, Harriet Teare, Sirpa Soini, Helena Kääriäinen
Biobanks accumulate huge amounts of research findings, including participants' genomic data. Increasingly this leads to biobanks receiving research results that could be of clinical significance to biobank participants. The EU Horizon 2020 Project 'Genetics Clinic of the Future' surveyed European biobanks' perceptions of the legal and regulatory requirements for communicating individual research results to donors. The goal was to gain background knowledge for possible future guidelines, especially relating to the consent process...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330172/origins-of-tobacco-harm-reduction-in-the-uk-the-product-modification-programme-1972-1991
#8
Jesse Elias, Pamela M Ling
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the current embrace of long-term nicotine maintenance by British governmental agencies and tobacco harm reduction by several leading British public health organisations, describe the context and deliberations of the UK's first formal tobacco risk reduction programme: 'Product Modification'. METHODS: Analysis of previously secret tobacco industry documents, news archives and Parliamentary debate records. RESULTS: From 1972 to 1991, the British government sought to investigate safer smoking through the 'product modification programme'...
January 12, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327484/factors-affecting-general-practice-collaboration-with-voluntary-and-community-sector-organisations
#9
Kris Southby, Mark Gamsu
Collaborative working between general practice (GP) and voluntary and community sector (VCS) organisations is increasingly championed as a means of primary care doing more with less and of addressing patients' "wicked problems". This paper aims to add to the knowledge base around collaborative practice between GPs and VCS organisations by examining the factors that aid or inhibit such collaboration. A case study design was used to examine the lived-experience of GPs and VCS organisations working collaboratively...
January 12, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325574/applied-global-health-diplomacy-profile-of-health-diplomats-accredited-to-the-united-states-and-foreign-governments
#10
Matthew D Brown, Julie N Bergmann, Thomas E Novotny, Tim K Mackey
BACKGROUND: Global health diplomacy (GHD) is a burgeoning field bridging the priorities of global health and foreign affairs. Given the increasing need to mobilize disparate global health stakeholders coupled with the need to design complex public health partnerships to tackle issues of international concern, effective and timely cooperation among state actors is critical. Health Attachés represent this coordination focal point and are key diplomatic professionals at the forefront of GHD...
January 11, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325409/all-health-partnerships-great-and-small-comparing-mandated-with-emergent-health-partnerships-comment-on-evaluating-global-health-partnerships-a-case-study-of-a-gavi-hpv-vaccine-application-process-in-uganda
#11
Elaine Green, Dan Ritman, Graeme Chisholm
The plurality of healthcare providers and funders in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) has given rise to an era in which health partnerships are becoming the norm in international development. Whether mandated or emergent, three common drivers are essential for ensuring successful health partnerships: trust; a diverse and inclusive network; and a clear governance structure. Mandated and emergent health partnerships operate as very different models and at different scales. However, there is potential for sharing and learning between these types of partnerships...
June 11, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325406/polycentrism-in-global-health-governance-scholarship-comment-on-four-challenges-that-global-health-networks-face
#12
Jale Tosun
Drawing on an in-depth analysis of eight global health networks, a recent essay in this journal argued that global health networks face four challenges to their effectiveness: problem definition, positioning, coalition-building, and governance. While sharing the argument of the essay concerned, in this commentary, we argue that these analytical concepts can be used to explicate a concept that has implicitly been used in global health governance scholarship for quite a few years. While already prominent in the discussion of climate change governance, for instance, global health governance scholarship could make progress by looking at global health governance as being polycentric...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324477/assuring-quality-for-non-hospital-based-biologic-infusions-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-clinical-report-from-the-north-american-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#13
Elaine Barfield, Robbyn Sockolow, Edward Hoffenberg, Shehzad Saeed, Sandra Kim, Leah Siebold, Joseph Picoraro, Jonathan Moses, Dana Dykes, Andrew Grossman, Ghassan Wahbeh, K T Park
The primary aim of this Clinical Report by the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition is to provide formal guidance to pediatric gastroenterologists and clinicians, health systems, and insurance payers regarding home- and office-based infusions for biologic therapies in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Patients in North America are increasingly denied coverage by payers based on "place of service" codes at hospital-based infusion units where the treating clinicians primarily provide care...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323862/healthy-food-procurement-and-nutrition-standards-in-public-facilities-evidence-synthesis-and-consensus-policy-recommendations
#14
Kim D Raine, Kayla Atkey, Dana Lee Olstad, Alexa R Ferdinands, Dominique Beaulieu, Susan Buhler, Norm Campbell, Brian Cook, Mary L'Abbé, Ashley Lederer, David Mowat, Joshna Maharaj, Candace Nykiforuk, Jacob Shelley, Jacqueline Street
INTRODUCTION: Unhealthy foods are widely available in public settings across Canada, contributing to diet-related chronic diseases, such as obesity. This is a concern given that public facilities often provide a significant amount of food for consumption by vulnerable groups, including children and seniors. Healthy food procurement policies, which support procuring, distributing, selling, and/or serving healthier foods, have recently emerged as a promising strategy to counter this public health issue by increasing access to healthier foods...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320808/paid-family-leave-fathers-leave-taking-and-leave-sharing-in-dual-earner-households
#15
Anne P Bartel, Maya Rossin-Slater, Christopher J Ruhm, Jenna Stearns, Jane Waldfogel
Using difference-in-difference and difference-in-difference-in-difference designs, we study California's Paid Family Leave (CA-PFL) program, the first source of government-provided paid parental leave available to fathers in the Unites States. Relative to the pre-treatment mean, fathers of infants in California are 46 percent more likely to be on leave when CA-PFL is available. In households where both parents work, we find suggestive evidence that CA-PFL increases both father-only leave-taking (i.e., father on leave while mother is at work) and joint leave-taking (i...
2018: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316488/evaluating-the-impact-of-mobike-on-automobile-involved-bicycle-crashes-at-the-road-network-level
#16
Ye Li, Lu Xing, Wei Wang, Mingzhang Liang, Hao Wang
As a booming system, free-floating bicycle-sharing (denoted as Mobike) attracts a large number of users due to the convenient utilization procedure. However, it brings about a rapid increase of bicycle volume on roadways, resulting in safety problems especially on road segments shared by automobiles and bikes. This study aimed to evaluate impacts of Mobike on automobile-involved bicycle crashes on shared roadways at a macro level, the network level. Relation between traffic volumes and crashes was first established...
January 6, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313070/the-governance-of-indigenous-natural-products-in-namibia-a-policy-network-analysis
#17
Albertina Ndeinoma, K Freerk Wiersum, Bas Arts
At the end of the 20th century, optimism existed that non-timber forest products (NTFPs) can form an integral part in conservation and development strategies. However, there is limited knowledge on how the different stakeholders could relate to the state or to each other in promoting commercialization of NTFPs. Applying the policy network as an analytical framework, we investigated the structural patterns of actor relations in the governance structure of indigenous natural products (INPs) in Namibia, to understand the implications of such relations on INP policy process...
January 9, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306349/creating-a-hostile-environment-for-migrants-the-british-government-s-use-of-health-service-data-to-restrict-immigration-is-a-very-bad-idea
#18
Lucinda Hiam, Sarah Steele, Martin McKee
In January 2017, the UK Government made public a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Department of Health, National Health Service (NHS) Digital and the Home Office. This Memorandum allows for the more expedited sharing of a patient's non-clinical data, specifically from the NHS England to the Home Office. The Government justified the MoU as in the 'public interest to support effective immigration enforcement'. In this review, we seek to unpack this justification by providing, first, a background to the MoU, placing it in the context of creating a 'hostile environment' for migrants - a project initially sought by Theresa May in her time as Home Secretary...
January 8, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305241/a-scoping-review-of-the-implementation-of-health-in-all-policies-at-the-local-level
#19
REVIEW
Maria Guglielmin, Carles Muntaner, Patricia O'Campo, Ketan Shankardass
OBJECTIVES: Health in All Policies (HiAP) is an approach to public policies across sectors that systematically takes into account the health implication of decisions, seeks synergies, and avoids harmful health impacts in order to improve population health and health equity. HiAP implementation can involve engagement from multiple levels of government; however, factors contributing or hindering HiAP implementation at the local level are largely unexplored. Local is defined as the city or municipal level, wherein government is uniquely positioned to provide leadership for health and where many social determinants of health operate...
December 20, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304869/improving-local-health-through-community-health-workers-in-cambodia-challenges-and-solutions
#20
Kim Ozano, Padam Simkhada, Khem Thann, Rose Khatri
BACKGROUND: Volunteer community health workers (CHWs) are an important link between the public health system and the community. The 'Community Participation Policy for Health' in Cambodia identifies CHWs as key to local health promotion and as a critical link between district health centres and the community. However, research on the challenges CHWs face and identifying what is required to optimise their performance is limited in the Cambodian context. This research explores the views of CHWs in rural Cambodia, on the challenges they face when implementing health initiatives...
January 6, 2018: Human Resources for Health
keyword
keyword
80342
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"