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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092308/increasing-incidence-of-crohn-s-disease-with-familial-clustering-in-the-kingdom-of-bahrain-a-25-year-population-based-study
#1
Najah R Zayyani, Hoda M Malaty, David Y Graham
BACKGROUND: The incidence of Crohn's disease has been increasing in developed countries; whether this trend has extended to countries in Middle East, especially in the Arab world, remains unclear. Our aim was to study the epidemiology, incidence, time trends and clustering of Crohn's disease within the population of the Kingdom of Bahrain. METHODS: A retrospective case-cohort study was conducted on patients diagnosed with Crohn's disease at Bahrain Specialist Hospital between 1990 and 2015...
January 12, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050584/dataset-for-petroleum-based-stock-markets-and-gauss-codes-for-samem
#2
Ahmed A A Khalifa, Pietro Bertuccelli, Edoardo Otranto
This article includes a unique data set of a balanced daily (Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday) for oil and natural gas volatility and the oil rich economies' stock markets for Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Bahrain and Oman, using daily data over the period spanning Oct. 18, 2006-July 30, 2015. Additionally, we have included unique GAUSS codes for estimating the spillover asymmetric multiplicative error model (SAMEM) with application to Petroleum-Based Stock Market. The data, the model and the codes have many applications in business and social science...
February 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008293/hormonal-and-echocardiographic-abnormalities-in-adult-patients-with-sickle-cell-anemia-in-bahrain
#3
Taysir S Garadah, Ahmed A Jaradat, Mohammed E Alalawi, Adla B Hassan
BACKGROUND: Adrenal, thyroid, and parathyroid gland hormonal changes are recognized in children with homozygous (HbSS) sickle-cell anemia (SCA), but are not clear in adult patients with SCA. AIM: To assess the metabolic and endocrine abnormalities in adult patients with SCA and evaluate left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic functions compared with patients with no SCA and further study the relationship between serum levels of cortisol, free thyroxine (T4), and testosterone with serum ferritin...
2016: Journal of Blood Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998628/radiological-impact-of-norm-generated-by-oil-and-gas-industries-in-the-kingdom-of-bahrain
#4
Husain Husain, Lama Sakhnini
A study of the external background radiation in areas affected by NORM generated by oil and gas industrial activities has been performed in the Kingdom of Bahrain. In this framework, two experimental residential areas, Awali and Riffa Views, were selected due to the presence of extensive oil and gas exploration and transportation. Additionally, two control residential areas, Isa Town and Al-Budaiya Village, were selected as they lack any industrial activities that would disrupt the radiation profile. The radiation dose rates were measured using Colibri Very Low Dose radiation survey meter with a built-in GPS...
February 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991480/mineral-bone-disorder-and-its-management-among-hemodialysis-patients-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-initial-findings-from-the-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study-2012-2015
#5
Issa Al Salmi, Mona AlRukhaimi, Ali AlSahow, Faisal A M Shaheen, Saeed M G Al-Ghamdi, Fadwa AlAli, Sumaya AlGhareeb, Yacoub Al Maimani, Mohammed AlGhonaim, Brian Bieber, Francesca Tentori, Ronald L Pisoni
The prospective cohort Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) initiated data collection in national samples of hemodialysis (HD) units (total of 41 study sites) in all six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates) in late 2012. Here, we report initial results regarding mineral bone disorders (MBDs) and its management in the GCC countries. Forty-one randomly selected HD facilities, treating >23 HD patients each, were sampled and represent care for >95% of GCC HD patients...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991479/gulf-cooperation-council-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study-an-overview-of-anemia-management-trends-at-the-regional-and-country-specific-levels-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries
#6
Samra Abouchacra, Ali Obaidli, Saeed M G Al-Ghamdi, Jamal Al Wakeel, Issa Al Salmi, Sumaya Al Ghareeb, Mohammad Al Azmi, Mohammed Elsayed, Brian A Bieber, Ronald L Pisoni
The Gulf Cooperation Council-Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (GCC-DOPPS) marks the joining of the six Gulf region countries including Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates to the main DOPPS study in 2012. The current review is a descriptive reporting on results related to the management of anemia from these countries. Our data demonstrate consistent anemia management patterns across the GCC countries allowing the achievement of international treatment levels...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991478/hemodialysis-delivery-dialysis-dose-achievement-and-vascular-access-types-in-hemodialysis-patients-from-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-enrolled-in-the-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study-phase-5-2012-2015
#7
Anas AlYousef, Sumaya AlGhareeb, Jamal Al Wakeel, Saeed M G Al-Ghamdi, Brian A Bieber, Mohamad Hassan, Yacoub Al Maimani, Naser Alkandari, Haroun Z Ahmed, Ashraf Fawzy, Ronald L Pisoni
The prospective observational Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) was initiated in late 2012 in national samples of hemodialysis (HD) units (n = 41 study sites) in all six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates). For many years, guidelines have recommended single pool Kt/V ≥1.2 as the minimum adequate dose for chronic HD patients. Here, we report initial DOPPS results regarding HD practices related to dialysis dose achievement in the GCC...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991477/nutritional-status-and-outcomes-in-hemodialysis-patients-from-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-enrolled-in-the-dialysis-outcome-and-practice-patterns-study-phase-5-2012-2015
#8
Fadwa S Al-Ali, Brian A Bieber, Ronald L Pisoni, Hany Ezzat, Mohammed AlGhonaim, Fayez AlHejaili, Sumaya AlGhareeb, Abdulkarim Saleh, Yacoub Al Maimani, Anas Alyousef, Haroun Z Ahmed, Abdullah Hamad
Nutrition is an important factor in maintaining good health of hemodialysis (HD) patients, affecting their morbidity and mortality. The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) is an international observational study assessing differences in dialysis practices and outcomes across >20 countries. Here, we present the results for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries regarding nutrition data and its relationship with outcomes as a part of the DOPPS Phase 5 study (2012-2015). Data were from Phase 5 of the DOPPS...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991476/cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-comorbidities-in-hemodialysis-patients-from-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-enrolled-in-the-dialysis-outcome-and-practice-pattern-study-phase-5-2012-2015
#9
Faissal A M Shaheen, Jamal Al Wakeel, Saeed M G Al-Ghamdi, Bassam Alhelal, Sumaya AlGhareeb, Ali Abdulkarim Al Obaidli, Issa AlSalmi, Hani Ezzat Abdulaziz, Brian A Bieber, Ronald L Pisoni
To determine the prevalence of cardiovascular comorbidities and their active risk factors in the selected hemodialysis centers in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, the Dialysis Outcome and Practice Pattern Study (DOPPS) was performed on 40 dialysis centers in the six GCC countries from June 2012 to May 2015. There were 21 dialysis centers from Saudi Arabia, nine from the United Arab Emirates (UAE), four from Kuwait, four from Oman, two from Qatar, and one from Bahrain. There were 922 patients participating in the study; 419 patients from Saudi Arabia, 144 from the UAE, 164 from Kuwait, 89 from Oman, 58 from Qatar, and 25 from Bahrain...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991474/the-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study-phase-5-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-design-and-study-methods
#10
Ronald L Pisoni, Brian A Bieber, Jamal Al Wakeel, Sameer Al Arrayed, Naser Alkandari, Mohamed Hassan, Ayman Karkar, Nabil M Al Lawati, Fadwa Al Ali, Justin M Albert, Bruce M Robinson
The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) is an international prospective cohort study of the relationships between hemodialysis (HD) care practices and HD patient outcomes. The DOPPS began in 1996, in the United States, and has since expanded to 21 countries, collecting detailed data from >75,000 HD patients, with >200 scientific publications, focused on describing HD practices associated with improved HD patient outcomes. The goal of DOPPS is to help HD patients "live better and live longer...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981798/frequencies-and-phenotypic-consequences-of-association-of-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-thalassemia-alleles-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-bahrain
#11
S Abuamer, D K Shome, A Jaradat, A Radhi, J P Bapat, K A Sharif, J Al-Touq, A Al-Asheeri, A Al-Ajami
INTRODUCTION: Bahrain has high prevalence rates of sickle cell and thalassemia in the population. This study reports the frequencies and phenotypic characteristics of α- and/or β-thalassemia associated with sickle-cell disease (SCD) in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: Adult SCD patients (n = 200) were screened for the common α- and β-thalassemia alleles prevalent in the region using molecular techniques. Results of CBC, hemoglobin analysis, and average annual frequencies of severe pain episodes and numbers of transfused red cell units were documented...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942192/consensus-recommendation-for-india-and-bangladesh-for-the-use-of-pneumococcal-vaccine-in-mass-gatherings-with-special-reference-to-hajj-pilgrims
#12
Dilip Mathai, Abul Khair Mohammad Shamsuzzaman, Ahrar Ahmed Feroz, Amin R Virani, Ashfaq Hasan, K L Ravi Kumar, Khalid Ansari, Khandaker Atm Forhad Hossain, Mahesh Marda, M A Wahab Zubair, Mohammed Mukarram Ali, N Ashraf, Riyaz Basha, Shaeq Mirza, Shafeeq Ahmed, Shamim Akhtar, Syed Mustafa Ashraf, Zahirul Haque
Respiratory tract infections are prevalent among Hajj pilgrims with pneumonia being a leading cause of hospitalization. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a common pathogen isolated from patients with pneumonia and respiratory tract infections during Hajj. There is a significant burden of pneumococcal disease in India, which can be prevented. Guidelines for preventive measures and adult immunization have been published in India, but the implementation of the guidelines is low. Data from Bangladesh are available about significant mortality due to respiratory infections; however, literature regarding guidelines for adult immunization is limited...
October 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928080/burden-of-diarrhea-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2013-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#13
Ibrahim Khalil, Danny V Colombara, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar, Christopher Troeger, Farah Daoud, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Puja C Rao, Ashkan Afshin, Raghid Charara, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Mohammed Magdy Abd El Razek, Foad Abd-Allah, Remon Abu-Elyazeed, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Ali Shafqat Akanda, Nadia Akseer, Khurshid Alam, Deena Alasfoor, Raghib Ali, Mohammad A AlMazroa, Mahmoud A Alomari, Rajaa Mohammad Salem Al-Raddadi, Ubai Alsharif, Shirina Alsowaidi, Khalid A Altirkawi, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Walid Ammar, Carl Abelardo T Antonio, Hamid Asayesh, Rana Jawad Asghar, Suleman Atique, Ashish Awasthi, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Aleksandra Barac, Neeraj Bedi, Tolesa Bekele, Isabela M Bensenor, Balem Demtsu Betsu, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Aref A Bin Abdulhak, Zahid A Butt, Hadi Danawi, Manisha Dubey, Aman Yesuf Endries, Imad D A Faghmous, Talha Farid, Maryam S Farvid, Farshad Farzadfar, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Florian Fischer, Joseph Robert Anderson Fitchett, Katherine B Gibney, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Harish Chander Gugnani, Rahul Gupta, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Samer Hamidi, Hilda L Harb, Mohammad T Hedayati, Mohamed Hsairi, Abdullatif Husseini, Nader Jahanmehr, Mehdi Javanbakht, Tariku Jibat, Jost B Jonas, Amir Kasaeian, Yousef Saleh Khader, Abdur Rahman Khan, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Tawfik Ahmed Muthafer Khoja, Yohannes Kinfu, Niranjan Kissoon, Ai Koyanagi, Aparna Lal, Asma Abdul Abdul Latif, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Azeem Majeed, Reza Malekzadeh, Alem Mehari, Alemayehu B Mekonnen, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Ziad A Memish, Walter Mendoza, Awoke Misganaw, Layla Abdalla Ibrahim Mohamed, Jean B Nachega, Quyen Le Nguyen, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Emmanuel Kwame Peprah, James A Platts-Mills, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Saleem M Rana, Chhabi L Ranabhat, Sowmya R Rao, Amany H Refaat, Mark Riddle, Gholamreza Roshandel, George Mugambage Ruhago, Muhammad Muhammad Saleh, Juan R Sanabria, Monika Sawhney, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Tesfaye Setegn, Karen Sliwa, Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, Bryan L Sykes, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Abdullah S Terkawi, Kingsley Ukwaja, Olalekan A Uthman, Ronny Westerman, Mamo Wubshet, Muluken A Yenesew, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Z Younis, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Abdullah A Al Rabeeah, Haidong Wang, Mohsen Naghavi, Theo Vos, Alan D Lopez, Christopher J L Murray, Ali H Mokdad
Diarrheal diseases (DD) are leading causes of disease burden, death, and disability, especially in children in low-income settings. DD can also impact a child's potential livelihood through stunted physical growth, cognitive impairment, and other sequelae. As part of the Global Burden of Disease Study, we estimated DD burden, and the burden attributable to specific risk factors and particular etiologies, in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2013. For both sexes and all ages, we calculated disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), which are the sum of years of life lost and years lived with disability...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913973/emergence-of-new-virulent-rabbit-hemorrhagic-disease-virus-strains-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Mahmoud M Ismail, Mahmoud H A Mohamed, Ibrahim M El-Sabagh, Mohamed A Al-Hammadi
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease is an acute fatal highly contagious viral infectious disease that causes high losses among rabbitries. The disease was first reported in China in 1984 and later on in Saudi Arabia in 1996. The aim of this study was to investigate the emergence and pathogenicity of new rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) strains in Saudi Arabia. The pathogenicity was confirmed by inoculation in susceptible rabbits. Three RHDV strains were detected by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using primers targeting VP60 capsid protein gene in infected rabbitries during 2012 and 2013...
December 2, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908988/complete-genome-sequence-of-a-burkholderia-mallei-isolate-originating-from-a-glanderous-horse-from-the-kingdom-of-bahrain
#15
Mandy C Elschner, Prasad Thomas, Falk Melzer
Burkholderia mallei is a zoonotic agent causing glanders, a notifiable disease in equines. During the past decades glanders emerged, and the Kingdom of Bahrain reported outbreaks to the World Organization of Animal Health in 2010 and 2011. This paper presents the complete genome sequence of the Burkholderia mallei strain 11RR2811 Bahrain1.
December 1, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895004/predictors-of-vascular-cognitive-impairment-poststroke-in-a-middle-eastern-bahrain-cohort-a-proposed-case-control-comparison
#16
Claire Donnellan, Mona Al Banna, Noor Redha, Adel Al Jishi, Isa Al Sharoqi, Safa Taha, Moiz Bakhiet, Fatema Abdulla, Patrick Walsh
BACKGROUND: Poststroke dementia and cognitive impairment are associated with poor long-term outcomes after stroke. The contribution of genetic factors such as the presence of apolipoprotein (ApoE) ɛ4 allele and its association with cognitive impairment poststroke remains inconclusive, particularly in Middle Eastern regions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine all correlates and potential predictors of cognitive impairment including self-awareness and regulation deficits in stroke patients and compare these functions with healthy older adults from a Middle Eastern population...
November 28, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872551/evaluation-of-fluoride-levels-in-bottled-water-and-their-contribution-to-health-and-teeth-problems-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#17
Mohamed Yehia Z Abouleish
Fluoride is needed for better health, yet if ingested at higher levels it may lead to health problems. Fluoride can be obtained from different sources, with drinking water being a major contributor. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), bottled water is the major source for drinking. The aim of this research is to measure fluoride levels in different bottled water brands sold in UAE, to determine whether fluoride contributes to better health or health problems. The results were compared to international and local standards...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822284/hiv-responses-in-arab-states-on-the-southern-persian-gulf-border-the-first-review
#18
REVIEW
Afsaneh Moradi, Zahra Alammehrjerdi, Reza Daneshmand, Mahmood Amini-Lari, Mehran Zarghami, Kate Dolan
CONTEXT: There is no review of HIV responses in Arab states on the southern Persian Gulf border. This narrative review aimed to describe and synthesize HIV responses in Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A review of scientific databases and grey literature was conducted based on an international guide. Overall, 16 original studies and reports were found. RESULTS: The review indicates that HIV has been found present in each Arab state based on sporadic case finding...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738640/the-safety-and-tolerability-of-5-aminolevulinic-acid-phosphate-with-sodium-ferrous-citrate-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-bahrain
#19
Feryal Al-Saber, Waleed Aldosari, Mariam Alselaiti, Hesham Khalfan, Ahmed Kaladari, Ghulam Khan, George Harb, Riyadh Rehani, Sizuka Kudo, Aya Koda, Tohru Tanaka, Motowo Nakajima, Abdulla Darwish
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is prevalent especially in Gulf countries and poses serious long-term risks to patients. A multifaceted treatment approach can include nutritional supplements with antioxidant properties such as 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) with sodium ferrous citrate (SFC). This prospective, randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, dose escalating pilot clinical trial assessed the safety of 5-ALA with SFC at doses up to 200 mg 5-ALA/229.42 mg SFC per day in patients living in Bahrain with type 2 diabetes mellitus that was uncontrolled despite the use of one or more antidiabetic drugs...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737597/coronary-artery-disease-prevalence-and-outcome-in-patients-hospitalized-with-acute-heart-failure-an-observational-report-from-seven-middle-eastern-countries
#20
Amar M Salam, Kadhim Sulaiman, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Alawi Alsheikh-Ali, Mohammed Aljaraallah, Husam Al Faleh, Abdelfatah Elasfar, Prasanth Panduranga, Rajvir Singh, Charbel Abi Khalil, Jassim Al Suwaidi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to report prevalence, clinical characteristics, precipitating factors, management and outcome of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) among patients hospitalized with heart failure (HF) in seven Middle Eastern countries and compare them to non-CAD patients. METHODS: Data were derived from Gulf CARE (Gulf aCute heArt failuRe rEgistry), a prospective multicenter study of 5005 consecutive patients hospitalized with acute HF during February-November 2012 in 7 Middle Eastern countries...
December 2016: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
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