Read by QxMD icon Read


Rashed Al Amer, Khalid Al Khalifa, Safeyah Ali Alajlan, Ahmed Al Ansari
PURPOSE: The Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire is a valuable and easy-to-use tool for the measurement of quality of life in patients with obesity. To become a widely used tool, the questionnaire must be validated in many different contexts. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the construct validity and reliability of the SF-36 questionnaire among patients with obesity in Bahrain. METHODOLOGY: The 36-item questionnaire was administered to a study cohort scheduled to undergo bariatric surgery at the Bahrain Defence Force Hospital in Bahrain...
March 14, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Taysir S Garadah, Khalid Bin Thani, Leena Sulibech, Ahmed A Jaradat, Mohamed E Al Alawi, Haytham Amin
Background: Risk factors and short-term mortality in patients presented with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) in Bahrain has not been evaluated before. Aim: In this prospective observational study, we aim to determine the clinical risk profiles of patients with ACS in Bahrain and describe the incidence, pattern of presentation and predictors of in-hospital clinical outcomes after admission. Methods: Patients with ACS were prospectively enrolled over a 12 month period...
2018: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
Eman Farid, Ahmed A Jaradat, Ola Al-Segai, Adla B Hassan
Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) has been implicated as an important factor in the development or aggravation of systemic lupus erythematous (SLE). Patients with SLE are especially prone to the development of VDD due to the nature of their illness and avoidance of sun exposure. The prevalence of VD status in Bahraini patients with SLE has not been studied. Our aim is to study the prevalence of VDD in Bahraini cohort with SLE. Fifty-eight Bahraini patients with SLE were included retrospectively in this study. Most of the patients were females 50/58...
June 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
Eman Farid, Mohammed Al-Biltagi
In Bahrain, adequate epidemiological information is lacking concerning the rate of EBV infection, which could be helpful in order to develop measures to protect against EBV infections. The aim of this study, was to investigate the trend of EBV infection in Bahrain over a 15-year period, 2001-2015. The EBV serological results of 10 560 patients with possible EBV infection were evaluated. Samples taken at the Salmaniya Medical Complex during 2001-2015 were included. The presence or absence of EBV viral capsid antigen (VCA) IgG, VCA IgM and EBV nuclear antigen (EBNA) IgG antibodies was recorded...
March 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Feras Abuzeyad, Leena Alqasem, Mudhaffar I Al Farras, Shaikha S Al Jawder, Ghada Al Qasim, Salah Alghanem
Following the publication of the original article [1], it was brought to our attention that author Leena Alqasem was erroneously included as Leena Alqusem.
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Khalid Al Khaja, Husain Ahmed Isa, Sindhan Veeramuthu, Reginald P Sequeira
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to evaluate: a) the prevalence and types of potentially inappropriate prescribing in older adults with hypertension or diabetes mellitus and hypertension; and b) whether or not the differences in training of primary care physicians was associated with the PIP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primary care prescriptions issued by family physicians and general practitioners were audited using Screening Tools of Older Person's Prescriptions criteria (version 1) with 18 out of 65 applicable criteria...
March 1, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Azhar H Alostad, Douglas T Steinke, Ellen I Schafheutle
Background: Herbal medicine (HM) regulation is less developed than that of allopathic medicines, with some countries lacking specific regulations. Objective: For the purpose of informing a registration system for HMs in Kuwait, which does not manufacture but imports all HMs, this study compared the similarities and differences between the current HM registration systems of five countries. Methods: The five countries were selected as major source countries of HM in Kuwait (United Kingdom (UK), Germany and United States of America (USA)) or because of geographical proximity or size and approach (United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Kingdom of Bahrain)...
2018: Pharmaceutical Medicine
Fatema Aljasmi, Fatema Almalood, Ahmed Al Ansari
Background: One of the important activities that physicians - particularly general practitioners - perform is prescribing. It occurs in most health care facilities and especially in primary health care (PHC) settings. Objectives: This study aims to determine what types of prescribing errors are made in PHC at Bahrain Defence Force (BDF) Hospital, and how common they are. Methods: This was a retrospective study of data from PHC at BDF Hospital...
2018: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
Feras Abuzeyad, Leena Alqasem, Mudhaffar I Al Farras, Shaikha S Al Jawder, Ghada Al Qasim, Salah Alghanem
It has been more than a decade since emergency medicine became recognized as a specialty in the Kingdom of Bahrain. In the last fifteen years emergency medicine has widely established itself and developed rapidly in the Kingdom. The three main emergency departments are: Salmanyia Medical Complex (SMC), Royal Medical Services of Bahrain Defence Force (RMS-BDF) and King Hamad University Hospital (KHUH) are now fully equipped and operated by a majority of board certified emergency physicians.Standardized protocols, and the Central National Ambulance will be established in the near future, and the ambulances will offer both basic and advanced life support by trained nurses and paramedics...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Saverio Caini, Clotilde El-Guerche Séblain, Meral A Ciblak, John Paget
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge regarding the epidemiology of influenza in Middle East and North Africa. OBJECTIVES: We described the patterns of influenza circulation and the timing of seasonal epidemics in countries of Middle East and North Africa. METHODS: We used virological surveillance data for 2010-2016 from the WHO-FluNet database. In each country, we calculated the median proportion of cases that were caused by each virus type and subtype; determined the timing and amplitude of the primary and secondary peaks; and used linear regression models to test for spatial trends in the timing of epidemics...
February 5, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
Randah R Hamadeh, Jamil Ahmed, Maha Al Kawari, Sharifa Bucheeri
BACKGROUND: One third of Bahraini adult (20-64 years) males and 7.0% of females use some form of tobacco. The corresponding rates for cigarette and waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) are 11.0% and 6.0%, respectively. The objective of the study was to determine the knowledge on tobacco smoking and past smoking related behavior of male patients attending the Quit Tobacco Clinics (QTC) in Bahrain. METHODS: A sample of 339 male clinic attendees was taken proportional to the population distribution in the three QTC at Al Hoora Health Center, Hamad Kanoo Health Center, and Bank of Bahrain and Kuwait Health Center...
January 30, 2018: BMC Public Health
Hanan Almahasheer
Mangroves are the natural protectors of the coast, carbon sinks, and a nursery to many terrestrial as well as aquatic organisms. Different effects caused by natural forces together with anthropogenic factors have reduced mangrove cover on a global scale, yet little is known about the overall surface covered by mangroves in the Arabian Gulf. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine their spatial coverage and distribution along the Gulf coastlines, using 25 satellite imagery recently acquired from Landsat 8 data for the year 2017...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Ghufran Jassim, Alaaeddin Obeid, Huda A Al Nasheet
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women, with 80% of the cases occurring in developing countries. Cervical cancer is largely preventable by effective screening programs. This has not been possible with opportunistic screening and its low use in the Kingdom of Bahrain. The objective of this study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of women attending primary care health centres for cervical cancer screening. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 300 women attending primary health care centres in Bahrain...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
Faisal Rafeea, Ahmed Al Ansari, Ehab M Abbas, Khalifa Elmusharaf, Mohamed S Abu Zeid
Background: Employees working in emergency departments (EDs) in hospital settings are disproportionately affected by workplace violence as compared to those working in other departments. Such violence results in minor or major injury to these workers. In other cases, it leads to physical disability, reduced job performance, and eventually a nonconducive working environment for these workers. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional exploratory questionnaire was used to collect data used for the examination of the incidents of violence in the workplace...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
Gholamreza Heydari, Arezoo EbnAhmady, Harry A Lando, Fahimeh Chamyani, Mohammadreza Masjedi, Mohammad B Shadmehr, Lida Fadaizadeh
This study was conducted to quantify the implementation of the MPOWER policies and to assess any possible changes across Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) countries. In this comparative cross-sectional study based on 10 categories mentioned in MPOWER report 2015 a checklist was designed. Seven questions were scored from 0-4 and three from 0-3. The 22 EMR countries were ranked and compared by their total score on a scale of 0-37. The highest scores were achieved by Egypt and the Islamic Republic of Iran. Pakistan, Sudan and Yemen showed progress, while Bahrain, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, and the Syrian Arab Republic had decreased scores...
November 19, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
A Nagy, T C Mettenleiter, E M Abdelwhab
H9N2 is the most widespread avian influenza virus subtype in poultry worldwide. It infects a broad spectrum of host species including birds and mammals. Infections in poultry and humans vary from silent to fatal. Importantly, all AIV, which are fatal in humans (e.g. H5N1, H7N9) acquired their 'internal' gene segments from H9N2 viruses. Although H9N2 is endemic in the Middle East (ME) and North Africa since the late 1990s, little is known about its epidemiology and genetics on a regional level. In this review, we summarised the epidemiological situation of H9N2 in poultry and mammals in Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Bahrain, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine, Israel, Syria, Lebanon, Turkey, Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco...
November 23, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
Chris van Weel, Faisal Alnasir, Taghreed Farahat, Jinan Usta, Mona Osman, Mariam Abdulmalik, Nagwa Nashat, Wadeia Mohamed Alsharief, Salwa Sanousi, Hassan Saleh, Mohammed Tarawneh, Felicity Goodyear-Smith, Amanda Howe, Ryuki Kassai
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare (PHC) is essential for equitable access and cost-effective healthcare. This makes PHC a key factor in the global strategy for universal health coverage (UHC). Implementing PHC requires an understanding of the health system under prevailing circumstances, but for most countries, no data are available. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes and analyses the health systems of Bahrain, Egypt, Lebanon, Qatar, Sudan and the United Arab Emirates, in relation to PHC...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
Moudi Al-Nashmi, Safa Taha, Isa Alsharoqi, Moiz Bakhiet
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a multi-factorial disease of the Central Nervous System (CNS) affecting young adults leading to significant disabilities over time. MS is now believed to be prevalent in Arabian Gulf area with high incidence due to environmental factors and unknown genetic variations. The objectives of this study was to detect up-regulated potential genes that might be involved in neuroinflammatory process in MS patients in Bahrain and to measure the protein levels of the expressed genes...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
H L Y Chan, C J Chen, O Omede, J Al Qamish, K Al Naamani, A Bane, S S Tan, M Simonova, I Cardenas, M Derbala, O Akin, R O Phillips, M K Abdelmageed, M Abdulla, D Adda, A Al Baqali, N Al Dweik, K Al Ejji, I Al Ghazzawi, S Al Kaabi, M Al Sadadi, J Al Salman, M AlBadri, S A Al-Busafi, H E Al-Romaihi, W Ampofo, K Antonov, C Anyaike, F Arome, S Blach, M M Borodo, S M Brandon, B Bright, M T Butt, D S Chen, P J Chen, R N Chien, W L Chuang, D Cuellar, A A Elbardiny, C Estes, E Farag, J Fung, I Gamkrelidze, V Garcia, J Genov, Z Ghandour, M Ghuloom, B Gomez, J Gunter, J Habeeb, O Hajelssedig, W Hamoudi, S M Himatt, I Hrstic, C C Hu, C F Huang, Y T Hui, R Jahis, D Jelev, A K John, K S Kaliaskarova, Y Kamel, J H Kao, J Khamis, H Khattabi, I Khoudri, A Konysbekova, I Kotzev, M S Lai, W C Lao, J Layden, M H Lee, O Lesi, M Li, A Lo, C K Loo, B Lukšić, A Maaroufi, A O Malu, L Mateva, R Mitova, R Mohamed, M Morović, K Murphy, B Mustapha, A Nersesov, E Ngige, R Njouom, O Njoya, D Nonković, S Obekpa, S Oguche, E E Okolo, C Omuemu, P Ondoa, O Opare-Sem, S Owusu-Ofori, Y N Prokopenko, H Razavi, D Razavi-Shearer, K Razavi-Shearer, B Redae, T Reic, T Rinke de Wit, C Rios, S Robbins, L R Roberts, S J Sanad, J D Schmelzer, M Sharma, T H Su, K Sultan, K Tchernev, O T Y Tsang, S Tsang, C Tzeuton, S Ugoeze, B Uzochukwu, R Vi, A Vince, H U Wani, V W S Wong, A Workneh, R Yacoub, K I Yesmembetov, M Youbi, M F Yuen, H Nde
Factors influencing the morbidity and mortality associated with viremic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection change over time and place, making it difficult to compare reported estimates. Models were developed for 17 countries (Bahrain, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Colombia, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ghana, Hong Kong, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Morocco, Nigeria, Qatar and Taiwan) to quantify and characterize the viremic population as well as forecast the changes in the infected population and the corresponding disease burden from 2015 to 2030...
October 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Evans Buliva, Mohamed Elhakim, Nhu Nguyen Tran Minh, Amgad Elkholy, Peter Mala, Abdinasir Abubakar, Sk Md Mamunur Rahman Malik
The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) of the World Health Organization (WHO) continues to be a hotspot for emerging and reemerging infectious diseases and the need to prevent, detect, and respond to any infectious diseases that pose a threat to global health security remains a priority. Many risk factors contribute in the emergence and rapid spread of epidemic diseases in the Region including acute and protracted humanitarian emergencies, resulting in fragile health systems, increased population mobility, rapid urbanization, climate change, weak surveillance and limited laboratory diagnostic capacity, and increased human-animal interaction...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"