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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461823/neonatal-indirect-hyperbilirubinemia-and-glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-deficiency
#1
Hasan M Isa, Masooma S Mohamed, Afaf M Mohamed, Adel Abdulla, Fuad Abdulla
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency among infants with neonatal indirect hyperbilirubinemia (NIH); compare G6PD-deficient and G6PD-normal patients regarding hyperbilirubinemia and need for exchange transfusions (ET); and assess risk factors for ET and kernicterus. METHODS: This is a case-control retrospective study. Medical records of NIH patients admitted to the Pediatric Department, Salmaniya Medical Complex, Bahrain, between January 2007 and June 2010 were reviewed...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387897/prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-in-the-arab-world-impact-of-gdp-and-energy-consumption
#2
S A Meo, A M Usmani, E Qalbani
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a rapidly growing and most challenging health issue of the 21st century. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of type-2 DM and its association with Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and energy consumption in the Arab world countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 88 articles through systematic searches including Institute of Scientific Information (ISI) Web of Science, PubMed and EMBASE databases published between 1980-2015...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366345/young-child-and-maternal-sleep-in-the-middle-east
#3
Jodi A Mindell, Christina Lee, Avi Sadeh
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to characterize sleep patterns and sleep problems in a large sample of infants and toddlers (from birth to three years) and their mothers in Arabic-speaking families in the Middle East and compare the results to those living in predominantly Asian and predominantly Caucasian countries/regions. METHODS: Mothers of 669 young children (from Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Algeria, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Morocco, Iraq, Kuwai, Oman, Palestinian territories, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Bahrain, Israel, and other Arab countries) completed an Internet-based expanded version of the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire, Daily Infant Mood Scale, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302151/analysis-of-psychometric-properties-of-the-modified-setq-tool-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#4
Ahmed Al Ansari, Kathryn Strachan, Sumaya Hashim, Sameer Otoom
BACKGROUND: Effective clinical teaching is crucially important for the future of patient care. Robust clinical training therefore is essential to produce physicians capable of delivering high quality health care. Tools used to evaluate medical faculty teaching qualities should be reliable and valid. This study investigates the psychometric properties of modification of the System for Evaluation of Teaching Qualities (SETQ) instrument in the clinical years of undergraduate medical education...
March 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280398/interrelationship-of-hepatitis-c-virus-genotypes-with-patient-characteristics-in-bahrain
#5
Maheeba A Abdulla, Eman A Murad, Hend A Aljenaidi, Duha R Aljowder, Omar Ik Aljeeran, Eman Farid, Jehad R Al Qamish
AIM: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) shows genotype-based variation in prevalence across geographical regions. This study was conducted to understand the clinical interrelationship of HCV genotypes with patient characteristics. METHODS: Medical records of 122 patients positive for HCV RNA test collected during 2013 and 2014 were included for analysis. Only adults were included in the study. HCV RNA extraction and genotyping was done as part of the routine diagnostic requirements...
2017: Hepatic Medicine: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236255/a-call-for-more-research-from-the-arabian-gulf
#6
Fatemah AlMarri, Salman Al Sabah, Eliana Al Haddad, Jonathan D Vaz
INTRODUCTION: Obesity has become an epidemic in the Arabian Gulf, with the prevalence of obesity according to the latest report from the World Health Organization (WHO) showing the gulf region to be countries with the highest incidence of obesity in the 30% plus group. This study aims to examine publications on bariatric surgery and compare them with the other countries with a high incidence of obesity in the world. METHODS: A literature review on bariatric surgery published from the earliest detected year of publication up until March 2016 using SCOPUS, PubMed, Ovid, and Google Scholar was conducted...
February 24, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224254/iodine-deficiency-status-in-the-who-eastern-mediterranean-region-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Masoumeh Mohammadi, Fereidoun Azizi, Mehdi Hedayati
Iodine deficiency is a global public health issue because iodine plays a major role in the thyroid hormone synthesis and is essential for normal neurological development. This review summarizes the publications on iodine status in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) countries. All related studies available in main national and international databases were systematically searched using some specific keywords to find article published between 1909 and 2015. The prevention of iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) in the WHO EMR countries is currently under control without significant side effects...
February 21, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223866/cross-national-analysis-of-estimated-narcotic-utilization-for-twelve-arabic-speaking-countries-in-the-middle-east
#8
Kyle John Wilby, Kerry Wilbur
BACKGROUND: Access to narcotics has been described as suboptimal in the Middle East. The objectives of this study were to characterize estimated narcotic use in twelve Arabic-speaking nations and compare across world regions. METHODS: This was a population-based cross-sectional analysis of estimated average consumption of narcotic drugs in defined daily doses per million inhabitants, as provided by the International Narcotics Control Board Technical Reports (2008-2012)...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223389/analysis-of-serial-isolates-of-mcr-1-positive-escherichia-coli-reveals-a-highly-active-isapl1-transposon
#9
Erik Snesrud, Ana C Ong, Brendan Corey, Yoon I Kwak, Robert Clifford, Todd Gleeson, Shannon Wood, Timothy J Whitman, Emil P Lesho, Mary Hinkle, Patrick McGann
The emergence of a transferable colistin resistance gene (mcr-1) is of global concern. The insertion sequence ISApl1 is a key component in the mobilization of this gene, but its role remains poorly understood. Six Escherichia coli isolates were cultured from the same patient over the course of 1 month in Germany and the United States after a brief hospitalization in Bahrain for an unconnected illness. Four carried mcr-1 as determined by real-time PCR, but two were negative. Two additional mcr-1-negative E. coli isolates were collected during follow-up surveillance 9 months later...
May 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185821/public-response-to-mers-cov-in-the-middle-east-iphone-survey-in-six-countries
#10
Amani S Alqahtani, Harunor Rashid, Mada H Basyouni, Tariq M Alhawassi, Nasser F BinDhim
Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries bear the heaviest brunt of MERS-CoV. This study aims to compare public awareness and practice around MERS-CoV across GCC countries. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using the Gulf Indicators (GI) smartphone app among people in the six GCC countries, namely Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, and Oman. A total of 1812 participants recruited. All were aware of MERS-CoV, yet the perception and practice around MERS-CoV varied widely between countries...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162965/socioeconomic-indicators-are-strong-predictors-of-hepatitis-a-seroprevalence-rates-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#11
Mehmet Koroglu, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Tayfur Demiray, Ahmet Ozbek, Unal Erkorkmaz, Mustafa Altindis
The goal of this analysis was to examine the association between age-specific hepatitis A virus (HAV) seroprevalence rates and various socioeconomic indicators within the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. We conducted a systematic review of all recently published studies on HAV conducted in the MENA region and identified the highest quality studies for inclusion in our analysis. We calculated the age at midpoint of population immunity (AMPI) for each study and estimated seroprevalence rates at the ages of 5, 10, and 15 years...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127273/quit-tobacco-clinics-in-bahrain-smoking-cessation-rates-and-patient-satisfaction
#12
Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Jamil Ahmed, Maha Al-Kawari, Sharifa Bucheeri
BACKGROUND: One third of Bahraini adult males and 7.0% of females use all types of tobacco. The prevalence rates of cigarette and shisha smoking are 11.0 and 6.0%, respectively. Tobacco cessation programs are essential to help smokers quit. The objectives of this study were to determine the quit rates among male attendees of quit tobacco clinics (QTC) in Bahrain and describe related factors. METHODS: We used a cross sectional study design to interview194 male tobacco smokers who had received care from two QTC...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104991/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-hemodialysis-patients-in-the-middle-east-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Soheil Ashkani-Esfahani, Seyed Moayed Alavian, Mohammad Salehi-Marzijarani
AIM: To determine hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection prevalence in each country of the Middle-East and the overall prevalence of the region. METHODS: In this systematic review, we gathered all documents related to HCV infection prevalence among hemodialysis patients in 17 middle-east countries from April 2006 to March 2016. We selected only cross-sectional studies that had proper sampling and measurement methods as well as a valid statistical analysis. RESULTS: After screening of 7311 documents, 56 studies were selected reporting the prevalence of HCV infection among hemodialysis patients from 10 countries of the region...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092308/increasing-incidence-of-crohn-s-disease-with-familial-clustering-in-the-kingdom-of-bahrain-a-25-year-population-based-study
#14
Najah R Zayyani, Hoda M Malaty, David Y Graham
BACKGROUND: The incidence of Crohn's disease has been increasing in developed countries; whether this trend has extended to countries in Middle East, especially in the Arab world, remains unclear. Our aim was to study the epidemiology, incidence, time trends and clustering of Crohn's disease within the population of the Kingdom of Bahrain. METHODS: A retrospective case-cohort study was conducted on patients diagnosed with Crohn's disease at Bahrain Specialist Hospital between 1990 and 2015...
February 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050584/dataset-for-petroleum-based-stock-markets-and-gauss-codes-for-samem
#15
Ahmed A A Khalifa, Pietro Bertuccelli, Edoardo Otranto
This article includes a unique data set of a balanced daily (Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday) for oil and natural gas volatility and the oil rich economies' stock markets for Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Bahrain and Oman, using daily data over the period spanning Oct. 18, 2006-July 30, 2015. Additionally, we have included unique GAUSS codes for estimating the spillover asymmetric multiplicative error model (SAMEM) with application to Petroleum-Based Stock Market. The data, the model and the codes have many applications in business and social science...
February 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008293/hormonal-and-echocardiographic-abnormalities-in-adult-patients-with-sickle-cell-anemia-in-bahrain
#16
Taysir S Garadah, Ahmed A Jaradat, Mohammed E Alalawi, Adla B Hassan
BACKGROUND: Adrenal, thyroid, and parathyroid gland hormonal changes are recognized in children with homozygous (HbSS) sickle-cell anemia (SCA), but are not clear in adult patients with SCA. AIM: To assess the metabolic and endocrine abnormalities in adult patients with SCA and evaluate left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic functions compared with patients with no SCA and further study the relationship between serum levels of cortisol, free thyroxine (T4), and testosterone with serum ferritin...
2016: Journal of Blood Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998628/radiological-impact-of-norm-generated-by-oil-and-gas-industries-in-the-kingdom-of-bahrain
#17
Husain Husain, Lama Sakhnini
A study of the external background radiation in areas affected by NORM generated by oil and gas industrial activities has been performed in the Kingdom of Bahrain. In this framework, two experimental residential areas, Awali and Riffa Views, were selected due to the presence of extensive oil and gas exploration and transportation. Additionally, two control residential areas, Isa Town and Al-Budaiya Village, were selected as they lack any industrial activities that would disrupt the radiation profile. The radiation dose rates were measured using Colibri Very Low Dose radiation survey meter with a built-in GPS...
February 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991480/mineral-bone-disorder-and-its-management-among-hemodialysis-patients-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-initial-findings-from-the-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study-2012-2015
#18
Issa Al Salmi, Mona AlRukhaimi, Ali AlSahow, Faisal A M Shaheen, Saeed M G Al-Ghamdi, Fadwa AlAli, Sumaya AlGhareeb, Yacoub Al Maimani, Mohammed AlGhonaim, Brian Bieber, Francesca Tentori, Ronald L Pisoni
The prospective cohort Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) initiated data collection in national samples of hemodialysis (HD) units (total of 41 study sites) in all six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates) in late 2012. Here, we report initial results regarding mineral bone disorders (MBDs) and its management in the GCC countries. Forty-one randomly selected HD facilities, treating >23 HD patients each, were sampled and represent care for >95% of GCC HD patients...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991479/gulf-cooperation-council-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study-an-overview-of-anemia-management-trends-at-the-regional-and-country-specific-levels-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries
#19
Samra Abouchacra, Ali Obaidli, Saeed M G Al-Ghamdi, Jamal Al Wakeel, Issa Al Salmi, Sumaya Al Ghareeb, Mohammad Al Azmi, Mohammed Elsayed, Brian A Bieber, Ronald L Pisoni
The Gulf Cooperation Council-Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (GCC-DOPPS) marks the joining of the six Gulf region countries including Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates to the main DOPPS study in 2012. The current review is a descriptive reporting on results related to the management of anemia from these countries. Our data demonstrate consistent anemia management patterns across the GCC countries allowing the achievement of international treatment levels...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991478/hemodialysis-delivery-dialysis-dose-achievement-and-vascular-access-types-in-hemodialysis-patients-from-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-enrolled-in-the-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study-phase-5-2012-2015
#20
Anas AlYousef, Sumaya AlGhareeb, Jamal Al Wakeel, Saeed M G Al-Ghamdi, Brian A Bieber, Mohamad Hassan, Yacoub Al Maimani, Naser Alkandari, Haroun Z Ahmed, Ashraf Fawzy, Ronald L Pisoni
The prospective observational Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) was initiated in late 2012 in national samples of hemodialysis (HD) units (n = 41 study sites) in all six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates). For many years, guidelines have recommended single pool Kt/V ≥1.2 as the minimum adequate dose for chronic HD patients. Here, we report initial DOPPS results regarding HD practices related to dialysis dose achievement in the GCC...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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