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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141788/interleukin-1-receptor-antagonist-and-2-5-oligoadenylate-synthetase-like-molecules-as-novel-biomarkers-for-multiple-sclerosis-patients-in-bahrain
#1
Moudi Al-Nashmi, Safa Taha, Isa Alsharoqi, Moiz Bakhiet
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a multi-factorial disease of the Central Nervous System (CNS) affecting young adults leading to significant disabilities over time. MS is now believed to be prevalent in Arabian Gulf area with high incidence due to environmental factors and unknown genetic variations. The objectives of this study was to detect up-regulated potential genes that might be involved in neuroinflammatory process in MS patients in Bahrain and to measure the protein levels of the expressed genes...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105283/the-present-and-future-disease-burden-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infections-with-today-s-treatment-paradigm-volume-4
#2
H L Y Chan, C J Chen, O Omede, J Al Qamish, K Al Naamani, A Bane, S S Tan, M Simonova, I Cardenas, M Derbala, O Akin, R O Phillips, M K Abdelmageed, M Abdulla, D Adda, A Al Baqali, N Al Dweik, K Al Ejji, I Al Ghazzawi, S Al Kaabi, M Al Sadadi, J Al Salman, M AlBadri, S A Al-Busafi, H E Al-Romaihi, W Ampofo, K Antonov, C Anyaike, F Arome, S Blach, M M Borodo, S M Brandon, B Bright, M T Butt, D S Chen, P J Chen, R N Chien, W L Chuang, D Cuellar, A A Elbardiny, C Estes, E Farag, J Fung, I Gamkrelidze, V Garcia, J Genov, Z Ghandour, M Ghuloom, B Gomez, J Gunter, J Habeeb, O Hajelssedig, W Hamoudi, S M Himatt, I Hrstic, C C Hu, C F Huang, Y T Hui, R Jahis, D Jelev, A K John, K S Kaliaskarova, Y Kamel, J H Kao, J Khamis, H Khattabi, I Khoudri, A Konysbekova, I Kotzev, M S Lai, W C Lao, J Layden, M H Lee, O Lesi, M Li, A Lo, C K Loo, B Lukšić, A Maaroufi, A O Malu, L Mateva, R Mitova, R Mohamed, M Morović, K Murphy, B Mustapha, A Nersesov, E Ngige, R Njouom, O Njoya, D Nonković, S Obekpa, S Oguche, E E Okolo, C Omuemu, P Ondoa, O Opare-Sem, S Owusu-Ofori, Y N Prokopenko, H Razavi, D Razavi-Shearer, K Razavi-Shearer, B Redae, T Reic, T Rinke de Wit, C Rios, S Robbins, L R Roberts, S J Sanad, J D Schmelzer, M Sharma, T H Su, K Sultan, K Tchernev, O T Y Tsang, S Tsang, C Tzeuton, S Ugoeze, B Uzochukwu, R Vi, A Vince, H U Wani, V W S Wong, A Workneh, R Yacoub, K I Yesmembetov, M Youbi, M F Yuen, H Nde
Factors influencing the morbidity and mortality associated with viremic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection change over time and place, making it difficult to compare reported estimates. Models were developed for 17 countries (Bahrain, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Colombia, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ghana, Hong Kong, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Morocco, Nigeria, Qatar and Taiwan) to quantify and characterize the viremic population as well as forecast the changes in the infected population and the corresponding disease burden from 2015 to 2030...
October 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098145/emerging-and-reemerging-diseases-in-the-world-health-organization-who-eastern-mediterranean-region-progress-challenges-and-who-initiatives
#3
REVIEW
Evans Buliva, Mohamed Elhakim, Nhu Nguyen Tran Minh, Amgad Elkholy, Peter Mala, Abdinasir Abubakar, Sk Md Mamunur Rahman Malik
The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) of the World Health Organization (WHO) continues to be a hotspot for emerging and reemerging infectious diseases and the need to prevent, detect, and respond to any infectious diseases that pose a threat to global health security remains a priority. Many risk factors contribute in the emergence and rapid spread of epidemic diseases in the Region including acute and protracted humanitarian emergencies, resulting in fragile health systems, increased population mobility, rapid urbanization, climate change, weak surveillance and limited laboratory diagnostic capacity, and increased human-animal interaction...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028812/occurrence-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-across-the-gulf-corporation-council-countries-four-years-update
#4
Mahmoud Aly, Mohamed Elrobh, Maha Alzayer, Sameera Aljuhani, Hanan Balkhy
The emergence of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections has become a global issue of dire concerns. MERS-CoV infections have been identified in many countries all over the world whereas high level occurrences have been documented in the Middle East and Korea. MERS-CoV is mainly spreading across the geographical region of the Middle East, especially in the Arabian Peninsula, while some imported sporadic cases were reported from the Europe, North America, Africa, and lately Asia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028587/chemical-constituents-and-medical-benefits-of-plantago-major
#5
REVIEW
Muhammad Bahrain Adom, Muhammad Taher, Muhammad Fathiy Mutalabisin, Mohamad Shahreen Amri, Muhammad Badri Abdul Kudos, Mohd Wan Azizi Wan Sulaiman, Pinaki Sengupta, Deny Susanti
The medicinal benefits of Plantago major have been acknowledged around the world for hundreds of years. This plant contains a number of effective chemical constituents including flavonoids, alkaloids, terpenoids, phenolic acid derivatives, iridoid glycosides, fatty acids, polysaccharides and vitamins which contribute to its exerting specific therapeutic effects. Correspondingly, studies have found that Plantago major is effective as a wound healer, as well as an antiulcerative, antidiabetic, antidiarrhoeal, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, antibacterial, and antiviral agent...
October 10, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026468/awareness-and-knowledge-of-ionizing-radiation-risks-between-prescribed-and-self-presenting-patients-for-common-diagnostic-radiological-procedures-in-bahrain
#6
Adel Al-Mallah, Asokan G Vaithinathan, Mahdi Al-Sehlawi, Mariam Al-Mannai
OBJECTIVES: Between 20 to 50% of medical imaging examinations are considered inappropriate, and unnecessary ionizing radiation exposures may lead to cancer. We hypothesized that Bahraini patients who self-present for ionizing radiation procedures are not aware of, and lack the requisite knowledge of, the inherent risks associated with their use than patients prescribed for diagnostic purposes. We attempted to examine and compare the awareness and knowledge of the associated risks of ionizing radiation in common diagnostic radiological procedures between prescribed and self-presenting patients in Bahrain...
September 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018016/successful-treatment-of-community-acquired-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-purulent-myopericarditis
#7
Henry DeYoung, Adam Bloom, Sally Tamayo
A previously healthy 48-year-old active duty man, who had been treated for an elbow abscess 3 weeks earlier, presented to an emergency department in Bahrain with tachycardia, pericardial friction rub and jugular venous distention. Cardiac tamponade was confirmed on transthoracic echocardiogram and he was taken for emergent pericardiocentesis. Pericardial fluid cultures grew community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Despite ongoing treatment with intravenous vancomycin, he developed a recurrent fibrinous pericardial effusion and constrictive pericarditis requiring pericardiectomy...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952296/policy-relevant-context-of-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-among-university-students-in-six-countries-across-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-a-qualitative-study
#8
Ramzi G Salloum, Niveen Abu-Rmeileh, Randah Hamadeh, Justin Thomas, Aya Mostafa, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Khalid A Kheirallah, Mark M Macauda, Ryan P Theis, Lama El Kadi, Evan J Johnson, Muhammad W Darawad, Rima Nakkash
Background: Waterpipe tobacco smoking rates in the Eastern Mediterranean region are some of the highest worldwide, especially among young people. This study aimed to improve our knowledge of the policy-relevant context of waterpipe smoking among six countries in the Eastern Mediterranean region. Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted in Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, and the United Arab Emirates. Participants were young adult university students (18-29 years) from both genders who had ever smoked the waterpipe, recruited from universities participating in this study...
September 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948054/first-confirmed-case-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-infection-in-the-kingdom-of-bahrain-in-a-saudi-gentleman-after-cardiac-bypass-surgery
#9
Nahed Seddiq, Manaf Al-Qahtani, Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq, Nazar Bukamal
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is well known to cause severe respiratory infection and was first reported in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 2012. We report here the first confirmed MERS-CoV infection in the Kingdom of Bahrain in a Saudi gentleman who was admitted electively for coronary bypass surgery, postoperatively developed an acute respiratory illness, and tested positive for MERS-CoV. 40 close contacts, all healthcare workers, were traced and followed with no documented secondary cases...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880754/the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers-among-five-countries-in-the-arab-world-a-systematic-review
#10
M Mairghani, K Elmusharaf, D Patton, J Burns, O Eltahir, G Jassim, Z Moore
OBJECTIVE: There is a rising incidence of diabetes worldwide; however there seems to be a higher incidence and prevalence rates in the Arab world when compared with the global average. (1) Out of the top 10 countries with the highest prevalence rates, six are Arab countries and almost 20.5 million people in that part of the world live with diabetes. Despite this, published scientific research from the 22 Arab countries is limited and seems to be of lower quality when compared with the rest of the developed world...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842995/hepatitis-c-virus-genotypes-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-distribution-diversity-and-patterns
#11
Sarwat Mahmud, Zaina Al-Kanaani, Hiam Chemaitelly, Karima Chaabna, Silva P Kouyoumjian, Laith J Abu-Raddad
Our objective was to characterize the distribution, diversity and patterns of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Source of data was a database of HCV genotype studies in MENA populated using a series of systematic literature searches. Pooled mean proportions were estimated for each genotype and by country using DerSimonian-Laird random-effects meta-analyses. Genotype diversity within countries was assessed using Shannon Diversity Index. Number of chronic infections by genotype and country was calculated using the pooled proportions and country-specific numbers of chronic infection...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831268/a-prospective-study-of-the-association-between-sickle-cell-disease-and-hepatobiliary-effects-in-bahrain
#12
Maheeba A M Abdulla, Fajer Juma Almoosa, Rana Juma Almoosa, Jehad Al Qamish
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is a genetic disorder that leads to abnormally high levels of hemoglobin sickling in erythrocytes. Patients suffer debilitating and severe complications that affect multiple organs, though mainly the liver, gallbladder, spleen, bones, and kidneys. It has a significant impact on morbidity and mortality rates and is associated with substantial health care costs. METHODS: For this study, the researchers prospectively reviewed the charts of 154 sickle cell disease patients who had been treated in Salmaniya Medical Complex hospital in Bahrain between September 2013 and December 2014...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822608/predictors-of-mortality-in-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease-admitted-to-intensive-care-unit-in-bahrain
#13
Sana Abdulaziz Al Khawaja, Zainab Mahdi Ateya, Ridha Abdulla Al Hammam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797896/predictors-of-mortality-in-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease-admitted-to-intensive-care-unit-in-bahrain
#14
Sana Abdulaaziz Al Khawaja, Zainab Mahdi Ateya, Ridha Abdulla Al Hammam
OBJECTIVE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is one of the most common genetic blood disorders in Bahrain. However, there is a paucity of data regarding the clinical presentation of SCD patients who require ICU admission. This study aimed to describe the epidemiological data of SCD patients admitted to the ICU and to identify predictors of mortality in order to help intensivists identify patients at most risk. METHOD: This study used a retrospective, descriptive, and correlational design...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765713/inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-bahrain-single-center-experience
#15
Maheeba Abdulla, Mahmood Al Saeed, Rawdha Hameed Fardan, Hawra Faisal Alalwan, Zahra S Ali Almosawi, Amal Fuad Almahroos, Jehad Al Qamish
PURPOSE: The number of newly diagnosed inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) cases such as ulcerative colitis (UC), Crohn's disease (CD), and indeterminate colitis (IC) is rapidly increasing in Gulf countries and Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and prevalence of IBD in patients who have attended the Salmaniya Medical Complex, Bahrain, between the years 1984 and 2014. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients who had attended the Salmaniya Medical Complex, Bahrain, and had been diagnosed with UC, CD, or IC, between the years 1984 and 2014, were included in the analysis...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745902/disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-315-diseases-and-injuries-and-healthy-life-expectancy-hale-in-iran-and-its-neighboring-countries-1990-2015-findings-from-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#16
Sadaf G Sepanlou, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Kristopher J Krohn, Ashkan Afshin, Farshad Farzadfar, Gholamreza Roshandel, Chante Karimkhani, Sharzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Hamid Ahmadieh, Shirin Djalalinia, Hedyeh Ebrahimi, Babak Eshrati, Ali Reza Esteghamati, Maryam S Farvid, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Pouria Heydarpour, Farhad Islami, Seyed M Karimi, Marzieh Katibeh, Ardeshir Khosravi, Jagdish Khubchandani, Mahdi Mahdavi, Farhad Pishgar, Mostafa Qorbani, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sare Safi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Saeid Shahraz, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Alireza Mohammadi, Ali H Mokdad, Theo Vos, Christopher J L Murray, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Mohsen Naghavi, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Summary measures of health are essential in making estimates of health status that are comparable across time and place. They can be used for assessing the performance of health systems, informing effective policy making, and monitoring the progress of nations toward achievement of sustainable development goals. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) provides disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE) as main summary measures of health...
July 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739199/results-of-the-first-american-prospective-study-of-intravenous-iron-in-oral-iron-intolerant-iron-deficient-gravidas
#17
Michael Auerbach, Stephanie E James, Melissa Nicoletti, Steven Lenowitz, Nicola London, Huzefa F Bahrain, Richard Derman, Samuel Smith
BACKGROUND: Anemia affects up to 42% of gravidas. Neonatal iron deficiency is associated with low birth weight, delayed growth and development, and increased cognitive and behavioral abnormalities. While oral iron is convenient, up to 70% report significant gastrointestinal toxicity. Intravenous iron formulations allowing replacement in one visit with favorable side-effect profiles decrease rates of anemia with improved hemoglobin responses and maternal fetal outcomes. METHODS: Seventy-four oral iron-intolerant, second- and third-trimester iron-deficient gravidas were questioned for oral iron intolerance and treated with intravenous iron...
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724472/appraisal-of-the-preparedness-of-midwives-and-nurses-in-bahrain-to-conduct-early-screening-for-zika-virus-infection-in-pregnant-women
#18
Asokan G V, Mariam Mohammed Baqer Nama, Feryal Juma Salman, Zainab Habib Ali AlGhareeb, Ali Moosa Almoosawi, Ridha Abdulla Al Hammam, Muyssar Sabri Awadhalla
OBJECTIVE: To appraise the awareness and knowledge levels of midwives and nurses concerning early screening for Zika virus (ZIKV) infection among pregnant women attending health care facilities in Bahrain. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, purposely chosen study of Bahraini and expatriate midwives, nurses, and supervisors employed in gynecology/obstetrics and labor wards of Salmanya hospital, a maternity hospital, 4 private hospitals, and health centers in Bahrain...
July 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716142/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-burnout-among-health-care-professionals-in-arab-countries-a-systematic-review
#19
I Elbarazi, T Loney, S Yousef, A Elias
BACKGROUND: Burnout among healthcare professionals is one of the key challenges affecting health care practice and quality of care. This systematic review aims to (1) estimate the prevalence of burnout among health care professionals (HCP) in Arab countries; and (2) explore individual and work-related factors associated with burnout in this population. METHODS: Multiple electronic databases were searched for studies published in English or Arabic from January 1980 to November 2014 assessing burnout (using the Maslach Burnout Inventory; MBI) amongst health care professionals (HCP) in Arab countries...
July 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706594/disparity-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-practices-and-outcomes-in-arabian-gulf-countries-gulf-coast-registry
#20
Mohammad Zubaid, Wafa Rashed, Alawi A Alsheikh-Ali, Taysir Garadah, Najib Alrawahi, Mustafa Ridha, Mousa Akbar, Fahad Alenezi, Rashed Alhamdan, Wael Almahmeed, Hussam Ouda, Arif Al-Mulla, Fahad Baslaib, Abdulla Shehab, Abdulla Alnuaimi, Haitham Amin
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to describe contemporary management and 1-year outcomes of patients hospitalized with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in Arabian Gulf countries. METHODS: Data of patients admitted to 29 hospitals in four Gulf countries [Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, United Arab Emirates (UAE)] with the diagnosis of STEMI were analyzed from Gulf locals with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) events (Gulf COAST) registry. This was a longitudinal, observational registry of consecutive citizens, admitted with ACS from January 2012 to January 2013...
April 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
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