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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880754/the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers-among-five-countries-in-the-arab-world-a-systematic-review
#1
M Mairghani, K Elmusharaf, D Patton, J Burns, O Eltahir, G Jassim, Z Moore
OBJECTIVE: There is a rising incidence of diabetes worldwide; however there seems to be a higher incidence and prevalence rates in the Arab world when compared with the global average. (1) Out of the top 10 countries with the highest prevalence rates, six are Arab countries and almost 20.5 million people in that part of the world live with diabetes. Despite this, published scientific research from the 22 Arab countries is limited and seems to be of lower quality when compared with the rest of the developed world...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842995/hepatitis-c-virus-genotypes-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-distribution-diversity-and-patterns
#2
Sarwat Mahmud, Zaina Al-Kanaani, Hiam Chemaitelly, Karima Chaabna, Silva P Kouyoumjian, Laith J Abu-Raddad
Our objective was to characterize the distribution, diversity and patterns of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Source of data was a database of HCV genotype studies in MENA populated using a series of systematic literature searches. Pooled mean proportions were estimated for each genotype and by country using DerSimonian-Laird random-effects meta-analyses. Genotype diversity within countries was assessed using Shannon Diversity Index. Number of chronic infections by genotype and country was calculated using the pooled proportions and country-specific numbers of chronic infection...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831268/a-prospective-study-of-the-association-between-sickle-cell-disease-and-hepatobiliary-effects-in-bahrain
#3
Maheeba A M Abdulla, Fajer Juma Almoosa, Rana Juma Almoosa, Jehad Al Qamish
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is a genetic disorder that leads to abnormally high levels of hemoglobin sickling in erythrocytes. Patients suffer debilitating and severe complications that affect multiple organs, though mainly the liver, gallbladder, spleen, bones, and kidneys. It has a significant impact on morbidity and mortality rates and is associated with substantial health care costs. METHODS: For this study, the researchers prospectively reviewed the charts of 154 sickle cell disease patients who had been treated in Salmaniya Medical Complex hospital in Bahrain between September 2013 and December 2014...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822608/predictors-of-mortality-in-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease-admitted-to-intensive-care-unit-in-bahrain
#4
Sana Abdulaziz Al Khawaja, Zainab Mahdi Ateya, Ridha Abdulla Al Hammam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797896/predictors-of-mortality-in-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease-admitted-to-intensive-care-unit-in-bahrain
#5
Sana Abdulaaziz Al Khawaja, Zainab Mahdi Ateya, Ridha Abdulla Al Hammam
OBJECTIVE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is one of the most common genetic blood disorders in Bahrain. However, there is a paucity of data regarding the clinical presentation of SCD patients who require ICU admission. This study aimed to describe the epidemiological data of SCD patients admitted to the ICU and to identify predictors of mortality in order to help intensivists identify patients at most risk. METHOD: This study used a retrospective, descriptive, and correlational design...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765713/inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-bahrain-single-center-experience
#6
Maheeba Abdulla, Mahmood Al Saeed, Rawdha Hameed Fardan, Hawra Faisal Alalwan, Zahra S Ali Almosawi, Amal Fuad Almahroos, Jehad Al Qamish
PURPOSE: The number of newly diagnosed inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) cases such as ulcerative colitis (UC), Crohn's disease (CD), and indeterminate colitis (IC) is rapidly increasing in Gulf countries and Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and prevalence of IBD in patients who have attended the Salmaniya Medical Complex, Bahrain, between the years 1984 and 2014. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients who had attended the Salmaniya Medical Complex, Bahrain, and had been diagnosed with UC, CD, or IC, between the years 1984 and 2014, were included in the analysis...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745902/disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-315-diseases-and-injuries-and-healthy-life-expectancy-hale-in-iran-and-its-neighboring-countries-1990-2015-findings-from-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#7
Sadaf G Sepanlou, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Kristopher J Krohn, Ashkan Afshin, Farshad Farzadfar, Gholamreza Roshandel, Chante Karimkhani, Sharzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Hamid Ahmadieh, Shirin Djalalinia, Hedyeh Ebrahimi, Babak Eshrati, Ali Reza Esteghamati, Maryam S Farvid, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Pouria Heydarpour, Farhad Islami, Seyed M Karimi, Marzieh Katibeh, Ardeshir Khosravi, Jagdish Khubchandani, Mahdi Mahdavi, Farhad Pishgar, Mostafa Qorbani, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sare Safi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Saeid Shahraz, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Alireza Mohammadi, Ali H Mokdad, Theo Vos, Christopher J L Murray, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Mohsen Naghavi, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Summary measures of health are essential in making estimates of health status that are comparable across time and place. They can be used for assessing the performance of health systems, informing effective policy making, and monitoring the progress of nations toward achievement of sustainable development goals. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) provides disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE) as main summary measures of health...
July 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739199/results-of-the-first-american-prospective-study-of-intravenous-iron-in-oral-iron-intolerant-iron-deficient-gravidas
#8
Michael Auerbach, Stephanie E James, Melissa Nicoletti, Steven Lenowitz, Nicola London, Huzefa F Bahrain, Richard Derman, Samuel Smith
BACKGROUND: Anemia affects up to 42% of gravidas. Neonatal iron deficiency is associated with low birth weight, delayed growth and development, and increased cognitive and behavioral abnormalities. While oral iron is convenient, up to 70% report significant gastrointestinal toxicity. Intravenous iron formulations allowing replacement in one visit with favorable side-effect profiles decrease rates of anemia with improved hemoglobin responses and maternal fetal outcomes. METHODS: Seventy-four oral iron-intolerant, second- and third-trimester iron-deficient gravidas were questioned for oral iron intolerance and treated with intravenous iron...
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724472/appraisal-of-the-preparedness-of-midwives-and-nurses-in-bahrain-to-conduct-early-screening-for-zika-virus-infection-in-pregnant-women
#9
Asokan G V, Mariam Mohammed Baqer Nama, Feryal Juma Salman, Zainab Habib Ali AlGhareeb, Ali Moosa Almoosawi, Ridha Abdulla Al Hammam, Muyssar Sabri Awadhalla
OBJECTIVE: To appraise the awareness and knowledge levels of midwives and nurses concerning early screening for Zika virus (ZIKV) infection among pregnant women attending health care facilities in Bahrain. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, purposely chosen study of Bahraini and expatriate midwives, nurses, and supervisors employed in gynecology/obstetrics and labor wards of Salmanya hospital, a maternity hospital, 4 private hospitals, and health centers in Bahrain...
July 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716142/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-burnout-among-health-care-professionals-in-arab-countries-a-systematic-review
#10
I Elbarazi, T Loney, S Yousef, A Elias
BACKGROUND: Burnout among healthcare professionals is one of the key challenges affecting health care practice and quality of care. This systematic review aims to (1) estimate the prevalence of burnout among health care professionals (HCP) in Arab countries; and (2) explore individual and work-related factors associated with burnout in this population. METHODS: Multiple electronic databases were searched for studies published in English or Arabic from January 1980 to November 2014 assessing burnout (using the Maslach Burnout Inventory; MBI) amongst health care professionals (HCP) in Arab countries...
July 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706594/disparity-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-practices-and-outcomes-in-arabian-gulf-countries-gulf-coast-registry
#11
Mohammad Zubaid, Wafa Rashed, Alawi A Alsheikh-Ali, Taysir Garadah, Najib Alrawahi, Mustafa Ridha, Mousa Akbar, Fahad Alenezi, Rashed Alhamdan, Wael Almahmeed, Hussam Ouda, Arif Al-Mulla, Fahad Baslaib, Abdulla Shehab, Abdulla Alnuaimi, Haitham Amin
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to describe contemporary management and 1-year outcomes of patients hospitalized with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in Arabian Gulf countries. METHODS: Data of patients admitted to 29 hospitals in four Gulf countries [Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, United Arab Emirates (UAE)] with the diagnosis of STEMI were analyzed from Gulf locals with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) events (Gulf COAST) registry. This was a longitudinal, observational registry of consecutive citizens, admitted with ACS from January 2012 to January 2013...
April 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690885/cancer-research-in-the-arab-world-a-review-of-publications-from-seven-countries-between-2000-2013
#12
REVIEW
Randah R Hamadeh, Saif M Borgan, Abla M Sibai
This review aimed to examine trends in cancer research in the Arab world and identify existing research gaps. A search of the MEDLINE® database (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, USA) was undertaken for all cancer-related publications published between January 2000 and December 2013 from seven countries, including Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine and Sudan. A total of 1,773 articles were identified, with a significant increase in yearly publications over time (P <0.005)...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685134/vaccinations-against-respiratory-infections-in-arabian-gulf-countries-barriers-and-motivators
#13
Amani S Alqahtani, Daniah M Bondagji, Abdullah A Alshehari, Mada H Basyouni, Tariq M Alhawassi, Nasser F BinDhim, Harunor Rashid
AIM: To study the uptake, barriers and motivators of influenza, pneumococcal, meningococcal and pertussis vaccines among members of public in Arabian Gulf countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey among the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries' residents. Data collected electronically through a smartphone app. The survey variables aimed to investigate the respondents' awareness about vaccines against influenza, pneumococcal, meningococcal and pertussis infections...
June 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677510/the-management-of-dyslipidaemia-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-receiving-lipid-lowering-drugs-a-sub-analysis-of-the-cepheus-findings
#14
Abdullah Shehab, Khalid Al-Rasadi, Mohamed Arafah, Ali T Al-Hinai, Wael Al Mahmeed, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Omer Al Tamimi, Shorook Al Herz, Faisal Al Anazi, Khalid Al Nemer, Othman Metwally, Akram Alkhadra, Mohammed Fakhry, Hossam Elghetany, Abdel Razak Medani, Afzal Hussein Yusufali, Obaid Al Jassim, Omar Al Hallaq, Fahad Omar Ahmed S Baslaib, Mahmoud Alawadhi, Haitham Amin, Khamis Al-Hashmi, Abderrahim Oulhaj
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidaemia is a risk factor for macrovascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Our aim was to assess the use of lipid lowering drugs (LLDs) in patients with T2DM and co-existing dyslipidaemia. METHOD: A multicentre, non-interventional survey conducted in 6 Middle Eastern countries (Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait). Patients with T2DM (n = 3338) who received LLD treatment for ≥3 months with no dose change for ≥6 weeks were enrolled...
July 5, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664462/factors-associated-with-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-medical-students-in-bahrain
#15
Zaid A Mahroon, Saif M Borgan, Charlotte Kamel, Wendy Maddison, Maeve Royston, Claire Donnellan
OBJECTIVES: Medical training can be a stressful experience and may negatively impact mental health for some students. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms among medical students in one international medical university in the Kingdom of Bahrain and to determine associations between these symptoms, the students' characteristics, and their satisfaction with life. METHODS: This is a cross sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire, distributed to 350 enrolled medical students...
June 29, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651147/desalinated-drinking-water-in-the-gcc-countries-the-need-to-address-consumer-perceptions
#16
REVIEW
Basem Shomar, Jalal Hawari
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries consist of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. These countries depend mainly on seawater desalination to meet their water needs. Although great emphasis is given to characterize desalinated water for its physicochemical and microbial properties, e.g. presence of metals, other organic contaminants and for bacteria, sensorial characteristics including smell, taste and color have not received the same attention. This is possibly attributed to the fact that inhabitants of GCC States do not use desalinated tap water for drinking consumption, rather they depend on locally produced or imported bottled water where color, taste and odor are not problematic...
October 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632794/migrants-healthy-worker-effect-and-mortality-trends-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries
#17
Karima Chaabna, Sohaila Cheema, Ravinder Mamtani
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Saudi Arabia, have experienced unique demographic changes. The major population growth contributor in these countries is young migrants, which has led to a shift in the population age pyramid. Migrants constitute the vast proportion of GCC countries' population reaching >80% in Qatar and UAE. Using Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015) and United Nations data, for the GCC countries, we assessed the association between age-standardized mortality and population size trends with linear and polynomial regressions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584585/an-audit-on-the-appropriateness-of-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-referrals-in-a-tertiary-cardiac-center
#18
Ahmed Ali Alderazi, Mary Lynch
BACKGROUND: In response to growing concerns regarding the overuse of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in the clinical setting, multiple societies, including the American College of Cardiology Foundation, have jointly published revised criteria regarding the appropriate use of this imaging modality. However, previous research indicates significant discrepancies in the rate of adherence to these guidelines. AIM: To assess the appropriateness of CCTA referrals in a tertiary cardiac center in Bahrain...
January 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559714/practice-patterns-for-herpes-simplex-keratitis-a-survey-of-ophthalmologists-in-gulf-coast-countries
#19
Mashael A Alkhayyal, Donald U Stone
PURPOSE: Herpes simplex is a common cause of visual disability, and there are published evidence-based guidelines for therapy. This survey aims to determine the preferred practice patterns of ophthalmologists in Gulf Coast Countries regarding herpetic eye disease, as well as identify areas of controversy or barriers to acceptance of evidence-based protocols. METHODS: Anonymous web-based survey of ophthalmologists in Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, and Oman...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550979/status-of-blood-transfusion-in-world-health-organization-eastern-mediterranean-region-who-emr-successes-and-challenges
#20
REVIEW
Arezoo Darbandi, Pargol Mashati, Amir Yami, Arshia Gharehbaghian, Mehdi Tabrizi Namini, Ahmad Gharehbaghian
BACKGROUND: Blood products are used for patient treatment and survival in the cases of major surgery, hematological disorders or cancer therapy. Presently the main blood components are not yet replaceable by artificial products and all activities related to blood transfusion is highly dependent on the healthcare development of each country. The World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region (WHO-EMR) comprises of 21 member states with variable socio-economic status effective on blood transfusion activities...
May 8, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
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