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Resveratrol AND thyroidism

Maureen Jepkorir Cheserek, Guirong Wu, Longnan Li, Lirong Li, Eric Karangwa, Yonghui Shi, Guowei Le
This study investigated possible mechanisms for cardioprotective effects of lipoic acid (LA), quercetin (Q) and resveratrol (R) on oxidative stress related to thyroid hormone alterations in long-term obesity. Female C57BL/6 mice were fed on high-fat diet (HFD), HFD+LA, HFD+R, HFD+Q and normal diet for 26weeks. Body weight, blood pressure, thyroid hormones, oxidative stress markers, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and ion pump activities were measured, and expression of cardiac genes was analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction...
July 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Jin-Fang Ge, Ya-Yun Xu, Gan Qin, Jiang-Qun Cheng, Fei-Hu Chen
Metabolic disease subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is closely associated with depression-like behavior both in human and animal studies, and our previous studies have identified the antidepressant effect of resveratrol (RES) in stressed rat model. The aim of this study was to investigate whether RES would manifest an antidepressant effect in SCH rat model and explore the possible mechanism. A SCH rat model was induced by hemi-thyroid electrocauterization, after which the model rats in the RES and LT4 groups received a daily intragastric injection of RES at the dose of 15 mg/kg or LT4 at the dose of 60 μg/kg for 16 days...
2016: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Kateřina Kubešová, Aneta Dořičáková, Zdeněk Trávníček, Zdeněk Dvořák
The effects of four copper(II) mixed-ligand complexes [Cu(qui1)(L)]NO3·H2O (1-3) and [Cu(qui2)(phen)]NO3 (4), where qui1=2-phenyl-3-hydroxy-4(1H)-quinolinone, Hqui2=2-(4-amino-3,5-dichlorophenyl)-N-propyl-3-hydroxy-4(1H)-quinolinone-7-carboxamide, L=1,10-phenanthroline (phen) (1), 5-methyl-1,10-phenanthroline (mphen) (2), bathophenanthroline (bphen) (3), on transcriptional activities of steroid receptors, nuclear receptors and xenoreceptors have been studied. The complexes (1-4) did not influence basal or ligand-inducible activities of glucocorticoid receptor, androgen receptor, thyroid receptor, pregnane X receptor and vitamin D receptor, as revealed by gene reporter assays...
July 25, 2016: Toxicology Letters
Heather Hardin, Xiao-Min Yu, April D Harrison, Carolina Larrain, Ranran Zhang, Jidong Chen, Herbert Chen, Ricardo V Lloyd
Anaplastic thyroid cancer is an aggressive and highly lethal cancer for which conventional therapies have proved ineffective. Cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) represent a small fraction of cells in the cancer that are resistant to chemotherapy and radiation therapy and are responsible for tumor reoccurrence and metastasis. We characterized CSCs in thyroid carcinomas and generated clones of CSC lines. Our study showed that anaplastic thyroid cancers had significantly more CSCs than well-differentiated thyroid cancers...
June 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Ercole L Cavalieri, Eleanor G Rogan
Estrogens can initiate cancer by reacting with DNA. Specific metabolites of endogenous estrogens, the catechol estrogen-3,4-quinones, react with DNA to form depurinating estrogen-DNA adducts. Loss of these adducts leaves apurinic sites in the DNA, generating mutations that can lead to the initiation of cancer. A variety of endogenous and exogenous factors can disrupt estrogen homeostasis, which is the normal balance between estrogen activating and protective enzymes. In fact, if estrogen metabolism becomes unbalanced and generates excessive catechol estrogen 3,4-quinones, formation of depurinating estrogen-DNA adducts increases and the risk of initiating cancer is greater...
March 2016: Clinical and Translational Medicine
Keiyu Oshida, David J Waxman, J Christopher Corton
The growth hormone (GH)-activated transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription 5b (STAT5b) is a key regulator of sexually dimorphic gene expression in the liver. Suppression of hepatic STAT5b signaling is associated with lipid metabolic dysfunction leading to steatosis and liver cancer. In the companion publication, a STAT5b biomarker gene set was identified and used in a rank-based test to predict both increases and decreases in liver STAT5b activation status/function with high (≥ 97%) accuracy...
2016: PloS One
Ji-Young Lee, Mihee Yun, Ji-Sun Paik, Seong-Beom Lee, Suk-Woo Yang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB on the proliferation of cells and its possible mechanism in human orbital fibroblasts. METHODS: Human orbital fibroblasts were obtained from orbital fat from decompression surgery in patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). The cells were treated with PDGF-BB, and the number of cells was counted using an Advanced Detection and Accurate Measurement (ADAM) automatic cell counter...
March 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Jin-Fang Ge, Ya-Yun Xu, Ning Li, Yue Zhang, Guo-Liang Qiu, Cheng-Hao Chu, Cai-Yun Wang, Gan Qin, Fei-Hu Chen
The major purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of resveratrol (RES) on the spatial learning and memory ability in subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) rat model and the potential mechanism. A SCH rat model was induced by hemi-thyroid electrocauterization and the activity of hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis was detected. The spatial learning and memory ability was tested using Morris water maze (MWM) and Y-maze. The protein expressions of synaptotagmin-1 (syt-1) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the hippocampus were measured via western blot...
2015: Endocrine Journal
Hung-Yun Lin, Gennadi V Glinsky, Shaker A Mousa, Paul J Davis
The principal secretory product of the thyroid gland, L-thyroxine (T4), is anti-apoptotic at physiological concentrations in a number of cancer cell lines. Among the mechanisms of anti-apoptosis activated by the hormone are interference with the Ser-15 phosphorylation (activation) of p53 and with TNFα/Fas-induced apoptosis. The hormone also decreases cellular abundance and activation of proteolytic caspases and of BAX and causes increased expression of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP). The anti-apoptotic effects of thyroid hormone largely are initiated at a cell surface thyroid hormone receptor on the extracellular domain of integrin αvβ3 that is amply expressed and activated in cancer cells...
June 20, 2015: Oncotarget
T J Caperna, A E Shannon, M Stoll, L A Blomberg, T G Ramsay
Alpha-1 acid glycoprotein (AGP, orosomucoid, ORM-1) is a highly glycosylated mammalian acute-phase protein, which is synthesized primarily in the liver and represents the major serum protein in newborn pigs. Recent data have suggested that the pig is unique in that AGP is a negative acute-phase protein in this species, and its circulating concentration appears to be associated with growth rate. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the regulation of AGP synthesis in hepatocytes prepared from suckling piglets and to provide a framework to compare its regulation with that of haptoglobin (HP), a positive acute-phase protein...
July 2015: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
Seyed Jalal Hosseinimehr, Seyed Amir Hossein Hosseini
Background. In this study, the radiosensitizing effect of resveratrol as a natural product was investigated on cell toxicity induced by (131)I in thyroid cancer cell. Methods. Human thyroid cancer cell and human nonmalignant fibroblast cell (HFFF2) were treated with (131)I and/or resveratrol at different concentrations for 48 h. The cell proliferation was measured by determination of the percent of the survival cells using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Results. Findings of this study show that resveratrol enhanced the cell death induced by (131)I on thyroid cancer cell...
2014: Journal of Toxicology
Cesidio Giuliani, Ines Bucci, Serena Di Santo, Cosmo Rossi, Antonino Grassadonia, Marianna Mariotti, Mauro Piantelli, Fabrizio Monaco, Giorgio Napolitano
Resveratrol is a polyphenol found in grapes and berries that has antioxidant, antiproliferative and anti-inflammatory properties. For these reasons, it is available as a dietary supplement, and it is under investigation in several clinical trials. Few data are available regarding the effects of resveratrol on thyroid function. A previous study showed that resveratrol transiently increases iodide influx in FRTL-5 rat thyroid cells. Indeed, this increase arises after short treatment times (6-12 h), and no further effects are seen after 24 h...
2014: PloS One
Chaitali Sarkar, Sudipta Pal
Resveratrol (3,4,5-trihydroxystilbene), a polyphenol and well-known natural antioxidant has been evaluated for its protective effect against fluoride-induced metabolic dysfunctions in rat thyroid gland. Fluoride, the most abundant anions present in groundwater throughout the world, creates a major problem in safe drinking water and causes metabolic, structural, and functional injuries in different organ systems. Sub-acute exposure to sodium fluoride at a dose of 20 mg/kg b.w./day orally to rat for 30 days induces thyroidal dysfunction including suppressed synthetic machinery of the thyroid gland to produce nucleic acids and thyroid hormones, mainly T3 and T4...
December 2014: Biological Trace Element Research
Ercole Cavalieri, Eleanor Rogan
Elucidation of estrogen carcinogenesis required a few fundamental discoveries made by studying the mechanism of carcinogenesis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). The two major mechanisms of metabolic activation of PAH involve formation of radical cations and diol epoxides as ultimate carcinogenic metabolites. These intermediates react with DNA to yield two types of adducts: stable adducts that remain in DNA unless removed by repair and depurinating adducts that are lost from DNA by cleavage of the glycosyl bond between the purine base and deoxyribose...
April 2014: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
Wenjin Xu, Jocelyn F Burke, Srikanth Pilla, Herbert Chen, Renata Jaskula-Sztul, Shaoqin Gong
Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is a neuroendocrine tumor (NET) that is often resistant to standard therapies. Resveratrol suppresses MTC growth in vitro, but it has low bioavailability in vivo due to its poor water solubility and rapid metabolic breakdown, as well as lack of tumor-targeting ability. A novel unimolecular micelle based on a hyperbranched amphiphilic block copolymer was designed, synthesized, and characterized for NET-targeted delivery. The hyperbranched amphiphilic block copolymer consisted of a dendritic Boltorn® H40 core, a hydrophobic poly(l-lactide) (PLA) inner shell, and a hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) outer shell...
October 21, 2013: Nanoscale
Paul J Davis, Shaker A Mousa, Vivian Cody, Heng-Yuan Tang, Hung-Yun Lin
Integrins are heterodimeric structural components of the plasma membrane whose ligands include a large number of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. The ligands contain Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequences that enable recognition of ECM proteins by as many as eight integrins, but other distinguishing features of the proteins permit the integrins to generate intracellular signals specific to the ECM molecules. Recently, integrin αvβ3 has been shown to have a panel of previously unappreciated small molecule receptor sites for thyroid hormone and hormone analogues, for dihydrotestosterone, and for resveratrol, a polyphenol that has certain estrogen-like features...
December 2013: Hormones & Cancer
Ji Ho Suh, Douglas H Sieglaff, Aijun Zhang, Xuefeng Xia, Aleksandra Cvoro, Glenn E Winnier, Paul Webb
Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase regulates energy metabolism by modulating expression of genes involved in gluconeogenesis and other liver fasting responses. While many effects of SIRT1 on gene expression are mediated by deacetylation and activation of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor coactivator α (PGC-1α), SIRT1 also binds directly to DNA bound transcription factors, including nuclear receptors (NRs), to modulate their activity. Since thyroid hormone receptor β1 (TRβ1) regulates several SIRT1 target genes in liver and interacts with PGC-1α, we hypothesized that SIRT1 may influence TRβ1...
2013: PloS One
Albino Carrizzo, Annibale Puca, Antonio Damato, Marina Marino, Elio Franco, Franco Pompeo, Anna Traficante, Fabio Civitillo, Luigi Santini, Valentina Trimarco, Carmine Vecchione
Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that the Mediterranean diet, which is rich in resveratrol, is associated with a significantly reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the molecular mechanisms that underlie the beneficial effects of resveratrol on cardiovascular function remain incompletely understood. Therefore, we set out to identify the molecular target(s) mediating the protective action of resveratrol on vascular function. To this end, we performed vascular reactivity studies to evaluate the effects of resveratrol on superior thyroid artery obtained from 59 patients with hypertension and dyslipidemia...
August 2013: Hypertension
Xiao-Min Yu, Renata Jaskula-Sztul, Kamal Ahmed, April D Harrison, Muthusamy Kunnimalaiyaan, Herbert Chen
Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is an extremely aggressive malignancy with undifferentiated features, for which conventional treatments, including radioactive iodine ablation, are usually not effective. Recent evidence suggests that the Notch1 pathway is important in the regulation of thyroid cancer cell growth and expression of thyrocyte differentiation markers. However, drug development targeting Notch1 signaling in ATC remains largely underexplored. Previously, we have identified resveratrol out of over 7,000 compounds as the most potent Notch pathway activator using a high-throughput screening method...
July 2013: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Shalini Thakran, Pragya Sharma, Ramy R Attia, Roderick T Hori, Xiong Deng, Marshall B Elam, Edwards A Park
Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a nuclear deacetylase that modulates lipid metabolism and enhances mitochondrial activity. SIRT1 targets multiple transcription factors and coactivators. Thyroid hormone (T(3)) stimulates the expression of hepatic genes involved in mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation and gluconeogenesis. We reported that T(3) induces genes for carnitine palmitoyltransferase (cpt1a), pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 (pdk4), and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (pepck). SIRT1 increases the expression of these genes via the activation of several factors, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α, estrogen-related receptor α, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator (PGC-1α)...
January 11, 2013: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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