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dhea, memory

K G Sorwell, L Renner, A R Weiss, M Neuringer, S G Kohama, H F Urbanski
Estradiol supplementation has been shown to enhance cognitive performance in old ovariectomized rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). To determine if similar benefits could be achieved in perimenopausal animals using alternative hormonal supplements we administered dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) to old ovary-intact female rhesus macaques for ~2.5 months. Using computerized touchscreen memory tasks, including delayed response (DR) and delayed matching-to-sample (DMS), we observed improved performance with time in all of the animals but failed to detect a significant effect of DHEA...
October 13, 2016: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
Sónia do Vale, Lenka Selinger, João Martin Martins, Manuel Bicho, Isabel do Carmo, Carles Escera
Several studies have suggested that dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEAS) may enhance working memory and attention, yet current evidence is still inconclusive. The balance between both forms of the hormone might be crucial regarding the effects that DHEA and DHEAS exert on the central nervous system. To test the hypothesis that higher DHEAS-to-DHEA ratios might enhance working memory and/or involuntary attention, we studied the DHEAS-to-DHEA ratio in relation to involuntary attention and working memory processing by recording the electroencephalogram of 22 young women while performing a working memory load task and a task without working memory load in an audio-visual oddball paradigm...
October 4, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Márcio Silveira Corrêa, Bruno Lima Giacobbo, Kelem Vedovelli, Daiane Borba de Lima, Pamela Ferrari, Irani Iracema de Lima Argimon, Julio Cesar Walz, Elke Bromberg
OBJECTIVES: Older familial caregivers of Alzheimer's disease patients are subjected to stress-related cognitive and psychophysiological dysfunctions that may affect their quality of life and ability to provide care. Younger caregivers have never been properly evaluated. We hypothesized that they would show qualitatively similar cognitive and psychophysiological alterations to those of older caregivers. METHOD: The cognitive measures of 17 young (31-58 years) and 18 old (63-84 years) caregivers and of 17 young (37-57 years) and 18 old (62-84 years) non-caregiver controls were evaluated together with their salivary cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) levels, as measured by radioimmunoassays and ELISA assays of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in serum...
2016: PloS One
Wesley K Lefferts, Matthew C Babcock, Matthew J Tiss, Stephen J Ives, Corey N White, Tom D Brutsaert, Kevin S Heffernan
Exercise in hypoxia places added demands on the brain and cerebrovasculature that can impact cognitive function. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of acute hypoxia on cerebrovascular hemodynamics, markers of neuro-steroidal modulation and brain-blood barrier (BBB) integrity, and cognition during exercise. Thirty healthy participants (21±4yrs., BMI 24.0±2.6kg∙m(-2); 15 men) were randomized to both a≈2.5h normoxic (FiO2 20.0%) and hypoxic (FiO2 12.5%) condition on two separate days...
October 15, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
Harris R Lieberman, Emily K Farina, John Caldwell, Kelly W Williams, Lauren A Thompson, Philip J Niro, Kyle A Grohmann, James P McClung
Stress influences numerous psychological and physiological processes, and its effects have practical implications in a variety of professions and real-world activities. However, few studies have concurrently assessed multiple behavioral, hormonal, nutritional and heart-rate responses of humans to acute, severe stress. This investigation simultaneously assessed cognitive, affective, hormonal, and heart-rate responses induced by an intensely stressful real-world environment designed to simulate wartime captivity...
October 15, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
Karina Junqueira de Menezes, Clayton Peixoto, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Sérgio Machado, André Barciela Veras
UNLABELLED: To present a review of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies that investigate the relationship between the hormones Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and cognition. METHODS: The cognition items included in this review were global cognitive function, memory, attention, executive function, intelligence, perception and visuospatial ability. A systematic review was proceeded using three databases: PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and PsycINFO...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Xing-Hua Yue, Jia-Qing Tong, Zhao-Jun Wang, Jun Zhang, Xu Liu, Xiao-Jie Liu, Hong-Yan Cai, Jin-Shun Qi
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related mental disorder characterized by progressive loss of memory and multiple cognitive impairments. The overproduction and aggregation of Amyloid β protein (Aβ) in the brain, especially in the hippocampus, are closely involved in the memory loss in the patients with AD. Accumulating evidence indicates that the Aβ-induced imbalance of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) in the brain plays an important role in the AD pathogenesis and progression...
July 2016: Hormones and Behavior
Dubravka Svob Strac, Josipa Vlainic, Janko Samardzic, Julija Erhardt, Zeljka Krsnik
BACKGROUND: Neurosteroid dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) has been associated with important brain functions, including neuronal survival, memory, and behavior, showing therapeutic potential in various neuropsychiatric and cognitive disorders. However, the antagonistic effects of DHEAS on γ-amino-butyric acidA receptors and its facilitatory action on glutamatergic neurotransmission might lead to enhanced brain excitability and seizures and thus limit DHEAS therapeutic applications...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
M Bardi, C Kaufman, C Franssen, M M Hyer, A Rzucidlo, M Brown, M Tschirhart, K G Lambert
Enriched environments are beneficial to neurobiological development; specifically, rodents exposed to complex, rather than standard laboratory, environments exhibit evidence of neuroplasticity and enhanced cognitive performance. In the present study, the nature of elements placed in the complex environment was investigated. Accordingly, rats (n = 8 per group) were housed either in a natural environment characterised by stimuli such as dirt and rocks, an artificial environment characterised by plastic toys and synthetic nesting materials, a natural/artificial environment characterised by a combination of artificial and natural stimuli or a laboratory standard environment characterised by no enrichment stimuli...
May 2016: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
Massimiliano Buoli, Alice Caldiroli, Claudia Cumerlato Melter, Marta Serati, Jessica de Nijs, A Carlo Altamura
AIM: We carried out a systematic review of the available literature about potential biomarkers of psychotic bipolar disorder (BD-P), a specific subset presenting worse outcome and greater risk of relapse than non-psychotic bipolar disorder (BD-NP). METHODS: We searched the main psychiatric databases (PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, PsychInfo). Only original articles with the main topic of BD-P compared to schizophrenia/BD-NP/healthy controls (HC) written in English from 1994 to 2015 were included...
June 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
L Tay, W S Lim, M Chan, R J Ye, M S Chong
OBJECTIVES: To examine the independent and combined effects of inflammation and endocrine dysregulation on (i) baseline frailty status and (ii) frailty progression at one year, among cognitively impaired community dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary Memory Clinic. METHODS: We recruited patients with mild cognitive impairment and mild-moderate Alzheimer's disease. Physical frailty status was assessed at baseline and 1-year...
March 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Alain K Koyama, Shelley S Tworoger, A Heather Eliassen, Olivia I Okereke, Marc G Weisskopf, Bernard Rosner, Kristine Yaffe, Francine Grodstein
INTRODUCTION: We examined the association between endogenous sex hormones and both objective and subjective measures of cognitive function. METHODS: We followed 3044 women up to 23 years in a prospective cohort study. We measured plasma levels of estrone, estrone sulfate, estradiol, androstenedione, testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) in 1989-1990, conducted neuropsychologic testing in 1999-2008, and inquired about subjective cognition in 2012...
July 2016: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
Joe Herbert, Paul J Lucassen
Depression (MDD) is prodromal to, and a component of, Alzheimer's disease (AD): it may also be a trigger for incipient AD. MDD is not a unitary disorder, so there may be particular subtypes of early life MDD that pose independent high risks for later AD, though the identification of these subtypes is problematical. There may either be a common pathological event underlying both MDD and AD, or MDD may sensitize the brain to a second event ('hit') that precipitates AD. MDD may also accelerate brain ageing, including altered DNA methylation, increased cortisol but decreasing DHEA and thus the risk for AD...
April 2016: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
R J Hart, D A Doherty, R I McLachlan, M L Walls, J A Keelan, J E Dickinson, N E Skakkebaek, R J Norman, D J Handelsman
STUDY QUESTION: By investigating a birth cohort with a high ongoing participation rate to derive an unbiased population, what are the parameters and influences upon testicular function for a population not selected with regard to fertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: While varicocele, cryptorchidism and obesity may impact on human testicular function, most common drug exposures and the presence of epididymal cysts appear to have no or minimal adverse impact. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The majority of previous attempts to develop valid reference populations for spermatogenesis have relied on potentially biased sources such as recruits from infertility clinics, self-selected volunteer sperm donors for research or artificial insemination or once-fertile men seeking vasectomy...
December 2015: Human Reproduction
Yingchen Wu, Chengyu Zheng, Dongmei Chen, Meiqing Xie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the change of adiponectin level with menopause status in women aged 40 to 65, and its relationship with androgen. METHODS: A cross-sectional study included woman (aged from 40 to 65) who were in hospital for routine check-up at the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital from August to October in 2013. All subjects underwent laboratory examinations of adiponectin, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEA-S), total testosterone (TT), collected anthropometric measurements and then calculated free androgen index (FAI) and body mass index (BMI)...
May 2015: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Oliver G Bosch, Christoph Eisenegger, Jürg Gertsch, Robin von Rotz, Dario Dornbierer, M Salomé Gachet, Markus Heinrichs, Thomas C Wetter, Erich Seifritz, Boris B Quednow
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is a GHB-/GABAB-receptor agonist. Reports from GHB abusers indicate euphoric, prosocial, and empathogenic effects of the drug. We measured the effects of GHB on mood, prosocial behavior, social and non-social cognition and assessed potential underlying neuroendocrine mechanisms. GHB (20mg/kg) was tested in 16 healthy males, using a randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over design. Subjective effects on mood were assessed by visual-analogue-scales and the GHB-Specific-Questionnaire...
December 2015: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Yasushi Yabuki, Yasuharu Shinoda, Hisanao Izumi, Tatuya Ikuno, Norifumi Shioda, Kohji Fukunaga
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is the most abundant neurosteroid synthesized de novo in the central nervous system. Oral DHEA administration elicits neuroprotection and cognitive improvement, but mechanisms underlying these functions in cerebral ischemia have remained unclear. Since DHEA is the endogenous ligand for the sigma-1 receptor (σ1R), we determined whether oral DHEA administration prevents neuronal cell death and improves cognition via σ1R stimulation in brain ischemia using a 20-min bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) mouse model...
October 5, 2015: Brain Research
Guadalupe V Suarez, Matías T Angerami, María B Vecchione, Natalia Laufer, Gabriela Turk, Maria J Ruiz, Viviana Mesch, Bibiana Fabre, Patricia Maidana, Diego Ameri, Pedro Cahn, Omar Sued, Horacio Salomón, Oscar A Bottasso, María F Quiroga
Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death among HIV-positive patients. The decreasing frequencies of terminal effector (TTE ) CD8(+) T cells may increase reactivation risk in persons latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). We have previously shown that dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) increases the protective antitubercular immune responses in HIV-TB patients. Here, we aimed to study Mtb-specific cytotoxicity, IFN-γ secretion, memory status of CD8(+) T cells, and their modulation by DHEA during HIV-TB coinfection...
September 2015: European Journal of Immunology
Sandra Niro, Olivier Hennebert, Robert Morfin
Numerous studies investigated the effects of pharmacological doses of DHEA in animals. Among protective effects, antiglucocorticoid potencies, triggering and modulation of immunity and anticancerous effects were reported. Because DHEA levels decrease in aging humans, this steroid has been assayed as replacement therapy in elderly volunteers without striking evidence for beneficial effects. Examination of the investigations carried out in animals lead to suspect that, rather than DHEA, its metabolites produced in tissues could be responsible for some of the observed effects...
December 1, 2010: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
Victor H-H Goh, William G Hart
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study examined the associations of hormones and age with short-term memory and perceptual capacity in 472 healthy Asian men. METHODS: The symbol digit and digit span tests from the Swedish Performance Evaluation System were used to assess perceptual capacity and memory. Linear regression analyses with the stepwise method were carried out with the SPSS 21.0 package. RESULTS: Age was associated with lower dehydorepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEA/S), insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1), thyroxine (T4), testosterone (T), bioavailable T (BioT) and error rate (Err) but higher glucose (GLU), sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), estradiol (E2) and retention time (RT)...
June 2015: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
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