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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044447/relationship-between-androgen-deficiency-and-memory-impairment-in-aging-and-alzheimer-8217-s-disease
#1
Graciela Jiménez-Rubio, José J Herrera-Pérez, Olivia T Hernández-Hernández, Lucía Martínez-Mota
Aging and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are associated with a declination of cognition and memory, whose severity increases in AD. Recent investigations point to a greater participation of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) than that of senile plaques, as responsible for cognitive impairment in AD and normal aging. On the other hand, aging is related with reduced levels of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate (DHEA-S) as well as testosterone (T). Basic and clinical studies give evidence that hypoandrogenism is associated with memory impairment...
September 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019394/studies-on-16-17-pyrazoline-substituted-heterosteroids-as-anti-alzheimer-and-anti-parkinsonian-agents-using-lps-induced-neuroinflammation-models-of-mice-and-rats
#2
Ranjit Singh, Sridhar Thota, Ranju Bansal
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) are the most common forms of neurodegenerative disorders. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) has been reported as a neuroprotective steroid useful in the therapeutic management of neurodegenerative disorders such as AD and PD. Herein we report the synthesis and evaluation of a new series of 16,17-pyrazolinyl DHEA analogues 2-4a-d as neuroprotective agents using LPS-induced neuroinflammation animal models. Treatment with the pyrazoline substituted steroids considerably improved the LPS-induced learning, memory and movement deficits in animal models...
October 11, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946055/dehydroepiandrosterone-impacts-working-memory-by-shaping-cortico-hippocampal-structural-covariance-during-development
#3
Tuong-Vi Nguyen, Mia Wu, Jimin Lew, Matthew D Albaugh, Kelly N Botteron, James J Hudziak, Vladimir S Fonov, D Louis Collins, Benjamin C Campbell, Linda Booij, Catherine Herba, Patricia Monnier, Simon Ducharme, James T McCracken
Existing studies suggest that dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) may be important for human brain development and cognition. For example, molecular studies have hinted at the critical role of DHEA in enhancing brain plasticity. Studies of human brain development also support the notion that DHEA is involved in preserving cortical plasticity. Further, some, though not all, studies show that DHEA administration may lead to improvements in working memory in adults. Yet these findings remain limited by an incomplete understanding of the specific neuroanatomical mechanisms through which DHEA may impact the CNS during development...
September 15, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893591/neurosteroid-dehydroepiandrosterone-improves-active-avoidance-retrieval-and-induces-antidepressant-like-behavior-in-rats
#4
Janko Samardzic, Boris Hencic, Jasna Jancic, Dragana Jadzic, Milos Djuric, Dragan I Obradovic, Dubravka Svob Strac
Various studies reported beneficial effects of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulphate (DHEAS), the neurosteroids involved in various brain functions, on synaptic plasticity, neuronal survival, memory, learning and behavior. This study aimed to investigate the behavioral profile of acute DHEA treatment by using active avoidance (AA) task, primarily predictive of the effects on the retrieval-based learning, and by applying forced swim test (FST), for assessment of antidepressant-like potential. Adult male Wistar rats received intraperitoneal injections of either DHEA (2, 10, 20mg/kg) or solvent, 30min prior to testing...
September 8, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883857/postmenopausal-cognitive-changes-and-androgen-levels-in-the-context-of-apolipoprotein-e-polymorphism
#5
Iwona Bojar, Jarosław Pinkas, Mariusz Gujski, Alfred Owoc, Dorota Raczkiewicz, Kasia Gustaw-Rothenberg
INTRODUCTION: The focus of this study was to assess cognitive functions in relation to androgens and specifically testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone in postmenopausal women as well as the correlation between cognitive functions and these two androgens according to polymorphism of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 402 women was recruited to the study (minimum 2 years after the last menstruation, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) more than 30 U/ml and no dementia signs on Montreal Cognitive Assessment)...
August 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665486/uptake-and-metabolism-of-sulphated-steroids-by-the-blood-brain-barrier-in-the-adult-male-rat
#6
M Zeeshan Qaiser, Diana E M Dolman, David J Begley, N Joan Abbott, Mihaela Cazacu-Davidescu, Delia I Corol, Jonathan P Fry
Little is known about the origin of the neuroactive steroids dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS) and pregnenolone sulphate (PregS) in the brain or of their subsequent metabolism. Using rat brain perfusion in situ, we have found (3) H-PregS to enter more rapidly than (3) H-DHEAS and both to undergo extensive (> 50%) desulphation within 0.5 min of uptake. Enzyme activity for the steroid sulphatase catalysing this deconjugation was enriched in the capillary fraction of the blood-brain barrier and its mRNA expressed in cultures of rat brain endothelial cells and astrocytes...
September 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616771/androgen-supplementation-improves-some-but-not-all-aspects-of-immune-senescence-in-aged-male-macaques
#7
Maham Rais, Randall M Wilson, Henryk F Urbanski, Ilhem Messaoudi
Aging leads to a progressive decline in immune function commonly referred to as immune senescence, which results in increased incidence and severity of infection. In addition, older males experience a significant disruption in their levels of circulating androgens, notably testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), which has been linked to sarcopenia, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Since sex steroid levels modulate immune function, it is possible that the age-related decline in androgen levels can also affect immune senescence...
June 14, 2017: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489322/developmental-effects-of-androgens-in-the-human-brain
#8
REVIEW
Tuong-Vi Nguyen
Neuroendocrine theories of brain development posit that androgens play a crucial role in sex-specific cortical growth, but little is known about the differential effects of testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) on cortico-limbic development and cognition during adolescence. In this context, the NIH Study of Normal Brain Development, a longitudinal study of typically developing children and adolescents 4 to 24 years of age (n=433), offered a unique opportunity to examine the developmental effects of androgens on cortico-limbic maturation and cognition...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400246/the-effects-of-captivity-survival-training-on-mood-dissociation-ptsd-symptoms-cognitive-performance-and-stress-hormones
#9
Cindy Suurd Ralph, Oshin Vartanian, Harris R Lieberman, Charles A Morgan, Bob Cheung
In the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), Conduct After Capture (CAC) training is a 4-day captivity survival course during which soldiers are exposed to increasing stress, and evaluated on their ability to accomplish military objectives. We hypothesized that: (a) compared to baseline, CAC training would cause significant, reversible perturbations in measures of psychological functioning and serum and salivary stress hormone levels relevant to models of stress hardiness and vulnerability; and (b) deviations from baseline would be maximal at the time point of most intense stress during training...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274826/the-novel-dehydroepiandrosterone-dhea-derivative-bnn27-counteracts-delay-dependent-and-scopolamine-induced-recognition-memory-deficitsm-in-rats
#10
Nikolaos Pitsikas, Achille Gravanis
Experimental evidence indicates that the neurosteroids dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS) are involved in cognition. BNN27 is a novel 17C spiroepoxy-DHEA derivative, which devoid of steroidogenic activity. The neuroprotective effects of BNN27 have been recently reported. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of BNN27 on recognition memory in rats. For this purpose, the novel object task (NOT), a procedure assessing non-spatial recognition memory and the novel location task (NLT), a procedure evaluating spatial recognition memory were used...
March 6, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178640/a-phase-i-ii-study-of-the-investigational-drug-alisertib-in-combination-with-abiraterone-and-prednisone-for-patients-with-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-progressing-on-abiraterone
#11
Jianqing Lin, Sheel A Patel, Ashwin R Sama, Jean H Hoffman-Censits, Brooke Kennedy, Deborah Kilpatrick, Zhong Ye, Hushan Yang, Zhaomei Mu, Benjamin Leiby, Nancy Lewis, Massimo Cristofanilli, William Kevin Kelly
LESSONS LEARNED: Patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer did not tolerate the combination of alisertib with abiraterone and prednisone.There was no clear signal indicating that adding alisertib might be beneficial for those patients progressing on abiraterone. BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that Aurora A kinase (AK) contributes to castrate resistance in prostate cancer (PCa) and that inhibiting AK with alisertib can resensitize PCa cells to androgen receptor (AR) inhibitor abiraterone...
November 2016: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984812/sex-specific-associations-of-testosterone-with-prefrontal-hippocampal-development-and-executive-function
#12
Tuong-Vi Nguyen, Jimin Lew, Matthew D Albaugh, Kelly N Botteron, James J Hudziak, Vladimir S Fonov, D Louis Collins, Simon Ducharme, James T McCracken
Testosterone is thought to play a crucial role in mediating sexual differentiation of brain structures. Examinations of the cognitive effects of testosterone have also shown beneficial and potentially sex-specific effects on executive function and mnemonic processes. Yet these findings remain limited by an incomplete understanding of the critical timing and brain regions most affected by testosterone, the lack of documented links between testosterone-related structural brain changes and cognition, and the difficulty in distinguishing the effects of testosterone from those of related sex steroids such as of estradiol and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)...
February 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776205/investigations-on-16-arylideno-steroids-as-a-new-class-of-neuroprotective-agents-for-the-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-and-parkinson-s-diseases
#13
Ranjit Singh, Ranju Bansal
Neuroinflammatory mechanisms mediated by activated glial and cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β) might contribute to neuronal degeneration leading to Alzheimer's (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is an inflammogen derived from the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria, which promotes neuroinflammation and subsequent neurodegeneration. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and testosterone have been reported as neuroprotective steroids useful for the treatment of various neurodegenerative disorders. In the present study, several 16-arylidene steroidal derivatives have been evaluated as neuroprotective agents in LPS-treated animal models...
January 18, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736018/cognition-in-aged-rhesus-monkeys-effect-of-dhea-and-correlation-with-steroidogenic-gene-expression
#14
K G Sorwell, L Renner, A R Weiss, M Neuringer, S G Kohama, H F Urbanski
Estradiol supplementation has been shown to enhance cognitive performance in old ovariectomized rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). To determine if similar benefits could be achieved in perimenopausal animals using alternative hormonal supplements, we administered dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) to old ovary-intact female rhesus macaques for ∼2.5 months. Using computerized touch screen memory tasks, including delayed response (DR) and delayed matching-to-sample (DMS), we observed improved performance with time in all of the animals but failed to detect a significant effect of DHEA...
March 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717832/hormonal-modulation-of-novelty-processing-in-women-enhanced-under-working-memory-load-with-high-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate-to-dehydroepiandrosterone-ratios
#15
Sónia do Vale, Lenka Selinger, João Martin Martins, Manuel Bicho, Isabel do Carmo, Carles Escera
Several studies have suggested that dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEAS) may enhance working memory and attention, yet current evidence is still inconclusive. The balance between both forms of the hormone might be crucial regarding the effects that DHEA and DHEAS exert on the central nervous system. To test the hypothesis that higher DHEAS-to-DHEA ratios might enhance working memory and/or involuntary attention, we studied the DHEAS-to-DHEA ratio in relation to involuntary attention and working memory processing by recording the electroencephalogram of 22 young women while performing a working memory load task and a task without working memory load in an audio-visual oddball paradigm...
November 10, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706235/age-effects-on-cognitive-and-physiological-parameters-in-familial-caregivers-of-alzheimer-s-disease-patients
#16
Márcio Silveira Corrêa, Bruno Lima Giacobbo, Kelem Vedovelli, Daiane Borba de Lima, Pamela Ferrari, Irani Iracema de Lima Argimon, Julio Cesar Walz, Elke Bromberg
OBJECTIVES: Older familial caregivers of Alzheimer's disease patients are subjected to stress-related cognitive and psychophysiological dysfunctions that may affect their quality of life and ability to provide care. Younger caregivers have never been properly evaluated. We hypothesized that they would show qualitatively similar cognitive and psychophysiological alterations to those of older caregivers. METHOD: The cognitive measures of 17 young (31-58 years) and 18 old (63-84 years) caregivers and of 17 young (37-57 years) and 18 old (62-84 years) non-caregiver controls were evaluated together with their salivary cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) levels, as measured by radioimmunoassays and ELISA assays of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in serum...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402021/effect-of-hypoxia-on-cerebrovascular-and-cognitive-function-during-moderate-intensity-exercise
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Wesley K Lefferts, Matthew C Babcock, Matthew J Tiss, Stephen J Ives, Corey N White, Tom D Brutsaert, Kevin S Heffernan
Exercise in hypoxia places added demands on the brain and cerebrovasculature that can impact cognitive function. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of acute hypoxia on cerebrovascular hemodynamics, markers of neuro-steroidal modulation and brain-blood barrier (BBB) integrity, and cognition during exercise. Thirty healthy participants (21±4yrs., BMI 24.0±2.6kg∙m(-2); 15 men) were randomized to both a≈2.5h normoxic (FiO2 20.0%) and hypoxic (FiO2 12.5%) condition on two separate days...
October 15, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374427/cognitive-function-stress-hormones-heart-rate-and-nutritional-status-during-simulated-captivity-in-military-survival-training
#18
Harris R Lieberman, Emily K Farina, John Caldwell, Kelly W Williams, Lauren A Thompson, Philip J Niro, Kyle A Grohmann, James P McClung
Stress influences numerous psychological and physiological processes, and its effects have practical implications in a variety of professions and real-world activities. However, few studies have concurrently assessed multiple behavioral, hormonal, nutritional and heart-rate responses of humans to acute, severe stress. This investigation simultaneously assessed cognitive, affective, hormonal, and heart-rate responses induced by an intensely stressful real-world environment designed to simulate wartime captivity...
October 15, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346998/dehydroepiandrosterone-its-sulfate-and-cognitive-functions
#19
Karina Junqueira de Menezes, Clayton Peixoto, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Sérgio Machado, André Barciela Veras
UNLABELLED: To present a review of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies that investigate the relationship between the hormones Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and cognition. METHODS: The cognition items included in this review were global cognitive function, memory, attention, executive function, intelligence, perception and visuospatial ability. A systematic review was proceeded using three databases: PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and PsycINFO...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222435/steroid-sulfatase-inhibitor-du-14-protects-spatial-memory-and-synaptic-plasticity-from-disruption-by-amyloid-%C3%AE-protein-in-male-rats
#20
Xing-Hua Yue, Jia-Qing Tong, Zhao-Jun Wang, Jun Zhang, Xu Liu, Xiao-Jie Liu, Hong-Yan Cai, Jin-Shun Qi
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related mental disorder characterized by progressive loss of memory and multiple cognitive impairments. The overproduction and aggregation of Amyloid β protein (Aβ) in the brain, especially in the hippocampus, are closely involved in the memory loss in the patients with AD. Accumulating evidence indicates that the Aβ-induced imbalance of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) in the brain plays an important role in the AD pathogenesis and progression...
July 2016: Hormones and Behavior
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