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Raw 264.7

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441795/yji-7-suppresses-ros-production-and-expression-of-inflammatory-mediators-via-modulation-of-p38mapk-and-jnk-signaling-in-raw-264-7-macrophages
#1
Hye Jin Oh, Til Bahadur Thapa Magar, Nirmala Tilija Pun, Yunji Lee, Eun Hye Kim, Eung-Seok Lee, Pil-Hoon Park
Chalcone, (2E)-1,3-Diphenylprop-2-en-1-one, and its synthetic derivatives are known to possess anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. In the present study, we prepared a novel synthetic chalcone compound, (E)-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-(2-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)prop-2-en-1-one name (YJI-7), and investigated its inhibitory effects on endotoxin-stimulated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and expression of inflammatory mediators in macrophages. We demonstrated that treatment of RAW 264.7 macrophages with YJI-7 significantly suppressed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated ROS production...
April 6, 2017: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440917/atf3-inhibits-the-inflammation-induced-by-mycoplasma-pneumonia-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#2
Jing Wang, Wei Cheng, Zhen Wang, Lihong Xin, Wen Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Activating transcription factor-3 (ATF3) is a key regulator of inflammatory responses. We aimed to investigate the effects and mechanisms of ATF3 on the inflammatory cytokines are induced by Mycoplasma pneumonia (MP). STUDY DESIGN: RAW264.7 and mouse peritoneal macrophages were exposed to various time with or without MP infection (3, 6, 12, 24, and 48 h), and detect the expression of ATF3. Adenovirus-expression of ATF3 (Ad/ATF3) or Ad/βgal was transfected into cells which were exposed to MP for 48 h, RT-PCR and ELISA was used to evaluate the expression and secretion of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-18...
April 25, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437452/enhanced-antibacterial-metabolite-production-through-the-application-of-statistical-methodologies-by-a-streptomyces-nogalater-niist-a30-isolated-from-western-ghats-forest-soil
#3
Jubi Jacob, Reshma Uma Rajendran, Syama Hari Priya, Jayamurthy Purushothaman, Dileep Kumar Bhaskaran Nair Saraswathy Amma
Streptomyces strains isolated from Nelliyampathy forest soil of Western Ghats, Kerala, India were evaluated for their antibacterial efficacy against two indicator pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus). Among 140 strains tested, sixteen recorded potent antibacterial properties and were further screened against eleven bacterial pathogens. A strain identified as Streptomyces nogalater and designated as NIIST A30 exhibited maximum inhibition against all the test pathogens. Among the eight fermentation media tested, inorganic salts starch broth recorded the best for antibacterial production...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436453/functional-thermodynamics-structural-and-biological-studies-of-in-silico-identified-inhibitors-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-enoyl-acp-coa-reductase-enzyme
#4
Leonardo K B Martinelli, Mariane Rotta, Anne D Villela, Valnês S Rodrigues-Junior, Bruno L Abbadi, Rogério V Trindade, Guilherme O Petersen, Giuliano M Danesi, Laura R Nery, Ivani Pauli, Maria M Campos, Carla D Bonan, Osmar Norberto de Souza, Luiz A Basso, Diogenes S Santos
Novel chemotherapeutics agents are needed to kill Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the main causative agent of tuberculosis (TB). The M. tuberculosis 2-trans-enoyl-ACP(CoA) reductase enzyme (MtInhA) is the druggable bona fide target of isoniazid. New chemotypes were previously identified by two in silico approaches as potential ligands to MtInhA. The inhibition mode was determined by steady-state kinetics for seven compounds that inhibited MtInhA activity. Dissociation constant values at different temperatures were determined by protein fluorescence spectroscopy...
April 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433940/a-novel-dual-ratiometric-response-fluorescent-probe-for-so2-clo-detection-in-cells-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-and-its-application-in-exploring-the-dichotomous-role-of-so2-under-the-clo-induced-oxidative-stress
#5
Kun Dou, Qiang Fu, Guang Chen, Fabiao Yu, Yuxia Liu, Ziping Cao, Guoliang Li, Xianen Zhao, Lian Xia, Lingxin Chen, Hua Wang, Jinmao You
Intracellular reactive sulfur species and reactive oxygen species play vital roles in immunologic mechanism. As an emerging signal transmitter, SO2 can be generated as the anti-oxidant, while SO2 is also a potential oxidative stress-inducer in organism. Aiming to elucidate in-depth the dichotomous role of SO2 under oxidative stress, we designed a dual-response fluorescent probe that enabled the respective or successive detection of SO2 and ClO(-). The probe itself emits the red fluorescence (625 nm) which can largely switch to blue (410 nm) and green fluorescence (500 nm) respectively in response to SO2 and ClO(-), allowing the highly selective and accurate ratiometric quantification for both SO2 and ClO(-) in cells...
April 14, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433823/simultaneous-monitoring-of-intra-and-extracellular-nitric-oxide-in-living-cells-by-means-of-dual-color-fluorescence-imaging
#6
Hui-Wen Yao, Jian-Bo Chen, Xiao-Feng Guo, Hong Wang
A dual-color fluorescence imaging method for simultaneous monitoring of intra- and extracellular nitric oxide (NO) was developed. Assisted by confocal laser scanning microscope, the intra- and extracellular NO can be successfully visualized by using two selected probes, 4,4-difluoro-8-(3,4-diaminophenyl)-3,5-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene (p-MOPB) and disodium 2,6-disulfonate-1,3-dimethyl-5-hexadecyl-8-(3,4-diaminophenyl)-4,4'-difluoro-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene (DSDMHDAB), which display distinct membrane permeability and show different colors of fluorescence after reaction with NO...
April 19, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427811/new-derivatives-of-ursolic-acid-through-the-biotransformation-by-bacillus-megaterium-cgmcc-1-1741-as-inhibitors-on-nitric-oxide-production
#7
Chao Zhang, Shao-Hua Xu, Bai-Ling Ma, Wei-Wei Wang, Bo-Yang Yu, Jian Zhang
Microbial transformation of ursolic acid (1) by Bacillus megaterium CGMCC 1.1741 was investigated and yielded five metabolites identified as 3-oxo-urs-12-en-28-oic acid (2); 1β,11α-dihydroxy-3-oxo-urs-12-en-28-oic acid (3); 1β-hydroxy-3-oxo-urs-12-en-28, 13-lactoe (4); 1β,3β, 11α-trihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid (5) and 1β,11α-dihydroxy-3-oxo-urs-12-en-28-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (6). Metabolites 3, 4, 5 and 6 were new natural products. Their nitric oxide (NO) production inhibitory activity was assessed in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) - stimulated RAW 264...
March 27, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426973/non-linear-enhancement-of-mrna-delivery-efficiencies-by-influenza-a-derived-ns1-protein-engendering-host-gene-inhibition-property
#8
Kyle K L Phua, Yi Liu, Shun Hui Sim
Nucleic acid induced immunogenicity remains a significant impediment in biomedical therapeutics because the innate immune system is a complex network overlaid with functional redundancies. Herein we report that non-structural protein 1 (NS1), an immune evasion protein derived from influenza A virus, when co-delivered in mRNA format is a potent mRNA transfection enhancer without toxicity. Transfection enhancement is mediated by NS1's effector domain through inhibition of IRF3 and PKR, activators of early anti-viral responses as well as CPSF30, a non immunostimulating protein...
April 12, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419514/activition-of-tlr7-inhibition-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-survival-by-autophagy-in-raw-264-7-macrophages
#9
Meng Bao, Zhengjun Yi, Yurong Fu
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of regulation of TLR7 on Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) survival in macrophages. TLR7 expression in macrophages infected by Mtb was detected by RT-PCR and western blotting. Regulation of TLR7 was achieved by single strand RNA (ssRNA) or siRNA. The effects of TLR7 on Mtb survival and cell viability were detected by acid fast staining and cell counting kit-8, respectively. Cell ultrastructure was observed via transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and autophagy related protein LC3 was analyzed by western blotting...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419111/time-resolved-and-label-free-monitoring-of-extracellular-metabolites-by-surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy
#10
Victoria Shalabaeva, Laura Lovato, Rosanna La Rocca, Gabriele C Messina, Michele Dipalo, Ermanno Miele, Michela Perrone, Francesco Gentile, Francesco De Angelis
Metabolomics is an emerging field of cell biology that aims at the comprehensive identification of metabolite levels in biological fluids or cells in a specific functional state. Currently, the major tools for determining metabolite concentrations are mass spectrometry coupled with chromatographic techniques and nuclear magnetic resonance, which are expensive, time consuming and destructive for the samples. Here, we report a time resolved approach to monitor metabolite dynamics in cell cultures, based on Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417622/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-novel-thiazolidinone-derivatives-as-bioactive-heterocycles-on-raw264-7-cells
#11
Hossein Ghafoori, Mehrnaz Rezaei, Asadollah Mohammadi
The inhibition of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) production are research targets of attract in the field of anti-inflammatory drug development. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of novel thiazolidinone derivatives using a cellular model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated murine macrophage RAW 264.7. In the present study, five new derivatives (A to E) of thiazolidinone were synthesized and screened for anti-inflammatory activities...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415552/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-characterization-of-anodised-zirconium-as-a-potential-material-for-biomedical-applications
#12
Maria R Katunar, Andrea Gomez Sanchez, Ana Santos Coquillat, Ana Civantos, Enrique Martinez Campos, Josefina Ballarre, Tamara Vico, Matias Baca, Viviana Ramos, Silvia Cere
In vitro studies offer the insights for the understanding of the mechanisms at the tissue-implant interface that will provide an effective functioning in vivo. The good biocompatibility of zirconium makes a good candidate for biomedical applications and the attractive in vivo performance is mainly due to the presence of a protective oxide layer. The aim of this study is to evaluate by in vitro and in vivo approach, the influence of surface modification achieved by anodisation at 30 and 60V on zirconium implants on the first steps of the osseointegration process...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415521/effect-of-halloysite-nanotubes-on-the-structure-and-function-of-important-multiple-blood-components
#13
Keke Wu, Ru Feng, Yanpeng Jiao, Changren Zhou
Many researchers have investigated the application of halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) in biomedicine, because of their special nanoscale hollow tubular structure. Although the cytocompatibility of HNTs has been studied, their blood compatibility has not been systematically investigated. In this work, the effect of HNTs on the structure and function of different blood components has been studied, including the morphology and hemolysis of red blood cells (RBCs). Based on scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations, optical density test and flow cytometry analysis, we found that HNTs can affect the morphology and membrane integrity of RBCs in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) in a content-dependent way...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414928/new-iminodibenzyl-derivatives-with-anti-leishmanial-activity
#14
Anderson Arndt, Cleber Wanderlei Liria, Jenicer K U Yokoyama-Yasunaka, M Terêsa Machini, Sílvia Reni Bortolin Uliana, Breno Pannia Espósito
Leishmaniasis is an infection caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania and transmitted by sandflies. Current treatments are expensive and time-consuming, involving Sb(V)-based compounds, lipossomal amphotericin B and miltefosine. Recent studies suggest that inhibition of trypanothione reductase (TR) could be a specific target in the development of new drugs because it is essential and exclusive to trypanosomatids. This work presents the synthesis and characterization of new iminodibenzyl derivatives (dado) with ethylenediamine (ea), ethanolamine (en) and diethylenetriamine (dien) and their copper(II) complexes...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414159/in-vitro-toxicological-effects-of-zinc-containing-nanoparticles-with-different-physico-chemical-properties
#15
Oskari Uski, Tiina Torvela, Olli Sippula, Tommi Karhunen, Hanna Koponen, Sirpa Peräniemi, Pasi Jalava, Mikko Happo, Jorma Jokiniemi, Maija-Riitta Hirvonen, Anna Lähde
Nanomaterials (NM) exhibit novel physicochemical properties that determine their interaction with biological substrates and processes. Recent nano-technological advances are leading to wide usage of metallic nanoparticles (NPs) in various fields. However, the increasing use of NPs has led to their release into environment and the toxicity of NPs on human health has become a concern. Moreover, there are inadvertently generated metallic NPs which are formed during various human activities (e.g. metal processing and energy production)...
April 14, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412360/in-house-made-nucleofection-buffer-for-efficient-and-cost-effective-transfection-of-raw-264-7-macrophages
#16
Neeraja P Alamuru-Yellapragada, Bandish Kapadia, Kishore V L Parsa
Electroporation is the most widely employed method of gene transfer into macrophages which are hard to transfect. RAW 264.7 is a widely used cell line for studying macrophage responses. Electroporation of RAW 264.7 cells with commercial reagents although very efficient is expensive necessitating the development of cost effective alternatives. In this study, we have formulated an economical electroporation buffer for electroporation of RAW 264.7 cells compatible with commercial nucleofector apparatus. We observed that supplementation of membrane fusogenic agents such as Ficoll, PEG and membrane resealing agent, poloxamer P188, enhanced the transfection efficiency of macrophages to a level comparable to the commercially available solutions thereby providing us a cost effective solution for genetic manipulation of macrophages especially in large numbers...
April 12, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412201/nitric-oxide-enhanced-the-growth-of-an-obligated-intracellular-bacterium-orientia-tsutsugamushi-in-murine-macrophages
#17
Motohiko Ogawa, Masaaki Satoh, Michiyo Kataoka, Shuji Ando, Masayuki Saijo
Orientia tsutsugamushi is the causative agent of scrub typhus. It is an obligate intracellular bacterium that grows only in eukaryotic cells. Macrophages play an important role in innate immunity by surveilling the human body for pathogens. In present study, it was demonstrated that O. tsutsugamushi propagated well in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 macrophages, but not in non-activated macrophages. In LPS-activated macrophages, the expression of Nos2, which encodes the inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS), was highly upregulated compared to those in non-activated macrophages...
April 12, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411482/guaianolide-sesquiterpenoids-from-ainsliaea-yunnanensis
#18
Xin Fang, Xi-Ke Xu, Guo-Wei Wang, Ren-Tao Zeng, Xin-Hui Tian, Zhi-Ran Shi, Zhi-Guo Zhuo, Yun-Heng Shen, Wei-Dong Zhang
Six previously undescribed C17-guaianolides, a previously undescribed guaianolide alkaloid, and two previously undescribed guaianolides as well as 10 known guaianolides were obtained from an ethanol extract of Ainsliaea yunnanensis Franch. The chemical structures of all previously reported sesquiterpenoids were determined by extensive NMR spectroscopic analysis in combination with a modified Mosher's method. All isolates were in vitro screened for inhibitory effect against nitric oxide release in RAW 264.7 macrophages stimulated by LPS...
April 12, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409542/inhibitory-receptor-fc%C3%AE-riib-mediates-the-effects-of-igg-on-a-phagosome-acidification-and-a-sequential-dephosphorylation-system-comprising-ships-and-inpp4a
#19
Tomohiro Segawa, Kaoru Hazeki, Kiyomi Nigorikawa, Atsuko Nukuda, Tomoki Tanizawa, Kenshiro Miyamoto, Shin Morioka, Osamu Hazeki
The relative abundance of phosphoinositide (PI) species on the phagosome membrane fluctuates over the course of phagocytosis. PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2 rapidly increase in the forming of the phagocytic cup, following which they disappear after sealing of the cup. In the present study, we monitored the clearance of these PI species using the enhanced green fluorescent protein-fused pleckstrin homology domain of Akt, a fluorescence probe that binds both PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2 in Raw 264.7 macrophages...
May 2017: Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408221/identification-and-structure-activity-relationship-of-novel-flavone-derivatives-that-inhibit-the-production-of-nitric-oxide-and-pge2-in-lps-induced-raw-264-7-cells
#20
Ji-Young An, Hwi-Ho Lee, Ji-Sun Shin, Hyung-Seok Yoo, Jong Seon Park, Seung Hwan Son, Sang Won Kim, Jihyun Yu, Jun Lee, Kyung-Tae Lee, Nam-Jung Kim
In an effort to identify novel anti-inflammatory compounds, a series of flavone derivatives were synthesized and biologically evaluated for their inhibitory effects on the production of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), representative pro-inflammatory mediators, in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells. Their structure-activity relationship was also investigated. In particular, we found that compound 3g displayed more potent inhibitory activities on PGE2 production, similar inhibitory activities on NO production and less weak cytotoxicity than luteolin, a natural flavone known as a potent anti-inflammatory agent...
March 28, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
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