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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159716/rotula-aquatica-lour-attenuates-secretion-of-proinflammatory-mediators-and-cytokines-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammatory-responses-in-murine-raw-264-7-macrophages
#1
A Vysakh, Prasad Gopika, Kuriakose Jayesh, Raj Karishma, M S Latha
Rotula aquatica belongs to the family Boraginaceae, and is reported to contain baunerol, steroids and alkaloids. In Ayurveda, R. aquatica has been used for the treatment of various diseases such as diabetes, treatment of piles, venereal disease, and cancer. The current study aims to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of methanolic extract of R. aquatica (MERA) in RAW 264.7 cells. The cytotoxicity of MERA was analyzed by MTT assay. The total cyclooxygenase (COX) activity, 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) activity, myeloperoxidase activity, inducible nitric oxide synthase activity, nitrate level and reactive oxygen species production were studied in LPS-stimulated RAW 264...
November 20, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156538/combined-effects-of-simulated-microgravity-and-radiation-exposure-on-osteoclast-cell-fusion
#2
Srinivasan Shanmugarajan, Ye Zhang, Maria Moreno-Villanueva, Ryan Clanton, Larry H Rohde, Govindarajan T Ramesh, Jean D Sibonga, Honglu Wu
The loss of bone mass and alteration in bone physiology during space flight are one of the major health risks for astronauts. Although the lack of weight bearing in microgravity is considered a risk factor for bone loss and possible osteoporosis, organisms living in space are also exposed to cosmic radiation and other environmental stress factors. As such, it is still unclear as to whether and by how much radiation exposure contributes to bone loss during space travel, and whether the effects of microgravity and radiation exposure are additive or synergistic...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155869/nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways-are-involved-in-m1-polarization-of-raw-264-7-macrophage-by-polyporus-polysaccharide-in-the-tumor-microenvironment
#3
Chun-Ping Liu, Xian Zhang, Qing-Long Tan, Wen-Xing Xu, Chang-Yuan Zhou, Min Luo, Xiong Li, Run-Yue Huang, Xing Zeng
Bladder cancer is one of the most malignant tumors closely associated with macrophages. Polyporus polysaccharide (PPS) has shown excellent efficacy in treating bladder cancer with minimal side effects. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of PPS in inhibiting bladder cancer remain unclear. In this study, we used macrophages cultured alone or with T24 human bladder cancer cell culture supernatant as study models. We found that PPS enhanced the activities of IFN-γ-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages, as shown by the release of inducible nitric oxide synthase (INOS), secretion of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6, phagocytosis activity, as well as expression of M1 phenotype indicators, such as CD40, CD284 and CD86...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155156/allicin-functionalized-locust-bean-gum-nanoparticles-for-improved-therapeutic-efficacy-an-in-silico-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-approach
#4
R S Soumya, S Sherin, K G Raghu, Annie Abraham
The field of nanotechnology has overgrown over the past few years and has even ventured into the field of medicine. The aim of the present study is to develop a novel allicin functionalized locust bean gum nanoparticle using the nanoprecipitation technique. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by dynamic light scattering, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The characterization study revealed the nanoscale structure (∼100nm) of the prepared particles. In silico toxicology analysis were carried out to assess the drug-like properties and virtual toxicity of allicin...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154976/microneedle-arrays-coated-with-charge-reversal-ph-sensitive-copolymers-improve-antigen-presenting-cells-homing-dna-vaccine-delivery-and-immune-responses
#5
Huu Thuy Trang Duong, Nak Won Kim, Thavasyappan Thambi, V H Giang Phan, Min Sang Lee, Yue Yin, Ji Hoon Jeong, Doo Sung Lee
Successful delivery of a DNA vaccine to antigen-presenting cells and their subsequent stimulation of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell immunity remains an inefficient process. In general, the delivery of prophylactic vaccines is mainly mired by low transfection efficacy, poor immunogenicity, and safety issues from the materials employed. Currently, several strategies have been exploited to improve immunogenicity, but an effective strategy for safe and pain-free delivery of DNA vaccines is complicated. Herein, we report the rapid delivery of polyplex-based DNA vaccines using microneedle arrays coated with a polyelectrolyte multilayer assembly of charge reversal pH-responsive copolymer and heparin...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151180/from-bench-to-the-hemodialysis-clinic-protein-bound-uremic-toxins-modulate-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-nrf2-expression
#6
Milena B Stockler-Pinto, Christophe O Soulage, Natália A Borges, Ludmila F M F Cardozo, Carla J Dolenga, Lia S Nakao, Roberto Pecoits-Filho, Denis Fouque, Denise Mafra
PURPOSE: Uremic toxins produced by gut microbiota (indoxyl sulfate-IS, p-cresyl sulfate-p-CS, and indole-3-acetic acid-IAA) accumulate in hemodialysis (HD) patients and exhibit potent inflammatory effects. However, the impact of these toxins on nuclear E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) expression in HD patients remains poorly defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between uremic toxins and Nrf2/NF-κB expression in vitro (RAW 264.7 macrophage-like cells) and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from HD patients...
November 18, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146892/intermedin-ameliorates-atherosclerosis-by-increasing-cholesterol-efflux-through-the-camp-pka-pathway-in-macrophage-raw264-7-cell-line
#7
Hang Liao, Shixi Wan, Xin Zhang, Di Shi, Xiaojiang Zhu, Xiaoping Chen
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to explore the role of intermedin and its mechanism in cholesterol efflux of macrophage THP-1 and RAW264.7 cell lines in atherosclerosis (AS). MATERIAL AND METHODS ApoE-/- mice were fed with a high-fat diet, and the concentrations of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were measured. The lipidoses of the aortic sinus were analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin staining, and the cAMP level was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
November 17, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143045/long-wavelength-fluorescent-boronate-probes-for-the-detection-and-intracellular-imaging-of-peroxynitrite
#8
Adam C Sedgwick, Hai-Hao Han, Jordan E Gardiner, Steven D Bull, Xiao-Peng He, Tony D James
Two boronate fluorescent probes have been developed for the detection of peroxynitrite (TCFB1 and TCFB2). TCFB1 was shown to have a low sensitvity towards peroxynitrite and have a poor solubility in aqueous solution whereas TCFB2 demonstrated high sensitivity towards peroxynitrite and mitochondria localisation with the ability to detect exogenous and endogenous peroxynitrite in live cells (Hep-G2, RAW 264.7, HeLa and A459).
November 16, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140132/mediation-of-the-single-walled-carbon-nanotubes-induced-pulmonary-fibrogenic-response-by-osteopontin-and-tgf-%C3%AE-1
#9
Timur O Khaliullin, Elena R Kisin, Ashley R Murray, Naveena Yanamala, Michael R Shurin, Dmitriy W Gutkin, Liliya M Fatkhutdinova, Valerian E Kagan, Anna A Shvedova
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: A number of in vivo studies have shown that pulmonary exposure to carbon nanotubes (CNTs) may lead to an acute local inflammatory response, pulmonary fibrosis, and granulomatous lesions. Among the factors that play direct roles in initiation and progression of fibrotic processes are epithelial-mesenchymal transition and myofibroblasts recruitment/differentiation, both mediated by transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1). Yet, other contributors to TGF-β1 associated signaling, such as osteopontin (OPN) has not been fully investigated...
October 2017: Experimental Lung Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137353/mesenchymal-stem-cells-inhibit-rank-rankl-interactions-between-osteoclasts-and-th17-cells-via-osteoprotegerin-activity
#10
Kyung-Ah Cho, Minhwa Park, Yu-Hee Kim, Kyung-Ha Ryu, So-Youn Woo
Th17 cells play a critical role in several autoimmune diseases, including psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease associated with systemic inflammation and comorbidities, such as PsA. PsA develops in nearly 70% of patients with psoriasis, and osteoclasts associated bone erosion is a hallmark of the disease. Thus far, the effect of Th17 cells on osteoclastogenesis via direct cell-to-cell interactions is less understood. In this study, we observed that Th17 cells directly promote osteoclast differentiation and maturation via expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor-κ β ligand (RANKL) in vitro...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134218/antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-properties-of-ilex-guayusa-tea-preparations-a-comparison-to-camellia-sinensis-teas
#11
Madelein D Pardau, Andreia S P Pereira, Zeno Apostolides, June C Serem, Megan J Bester
Ilex guayusa tea preparations are now commercially available as Runa tea. Little is known regarding the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory bioactivities of this tea. The I. guayusa teas had a total polyphenolic content between 54.39 and 67.23 mg GAE per g dry mass and peroxyl radical scavenging capacities between 1773.41 and 2019 μmol TE per g dry mass, nearly half of that for the Camellia sinensis teas. The I. guayusa teas afforded 60-80% protection from oxidative stress in the Caco-2 cellular antioxidant assay, comparable to the C...
November 14, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132171/metabolic-endotoxemia-activated-macrophages-promote-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-death-via-ifn%C3%AE-xaf1-pathway
#12
Mitsudai Tsuruta, Misaki Iwashita, Takanori Shinjo, Hiroaki Matsunaga, Akiko Yamashita, Fusanori Nishimura
Metabolic endotoxemia has been implicated in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. In addition to adipose tissue inflammation, inflammatory cell infiltration is also observed in islets, although its effect on islets is largely unknown. We hypothesized that macrophage infiltration into islets leads to impairment of α or β cell function, which ultimately act to exacerbate the pathophysiology of diabetes. Gene expression in a murine α cell line, αTC1, and β cell line, βTC6, was investigated by DNA microarray after co-culturing the cells with a murine macrophage cell line, RAW 264...
November 13, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130449/the-antioxidant-activity-and-nitric-oxide-production-of-extracts-obtained-from-the-leaves-of-chenopodium-quinoa-willd
#13
Hsiao-Ling Chen, Xiang-Zhen Lan, Yan-Yi Wu, Yu-Wen Ou, Tsung Chi Chen, Wen-Tzu Wu
BACKGROUND: Most reports have indicated the antioxidant capacity of quinoa seeds. However, the leaves of Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) are usually worthless and little known about their biological activities. In this study, the antioxidant and immunomodulatory potential of the quinoa leaf extracts were explored. METHODS: The crude leaf extracts of quinoa were extracted using water, 50% ethanol or 95% ethanol as solvent, denoted WQL, 50% EQL and 95% EQL, respectively...
December 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129744/upregulation-of-aquaporin-3-expression-by-diterpenoids-in-euphorbia-pekinensis-is-associated-with-activation-of-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-the-co-culture-system-of-ht-29-and-raw-264-7%C3%A2-cells
#14
Hongli Yu, Lian Liu, Kuilong Wang, Hao Wu, Wei Wang, Xingde Zhang, Guojing Cui, Xiaobing Cui, Jianyu Huang
This study was designed to evaluate the toxic effects of diterpenoids separated from the roots of Euphorbia pekinensis, a type of widely used traditional Chinese medicine. This herb has intestinal toxicity associated with its complex diterpenoids. In this study, the diterpenoids (pekinenin A, pekinenin C, pekinenin F, pekinenin G, yuexiandajisu A, (-)-(1S)-15-hydroxy-18-carboxycembrene) elevated the expression of interleukin 1 beta and tumor necrosis factor alpha in a dose-dependent manner at doses of 6.25, 12...
November 9, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129664/hemistepsin-a-ameliorates-acute-inflammation-in-macrophages-via-inhibition-of-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-activation-of-nuclear-factor-erythroid-2-related-factor-2
#15
Jae Kwang Kim, Ji Eun Lee, Eun Hye Jung, Ji Yun Jung, Dae Hwa Jung, Sae Kwang Ku, Il Je Cho, Sang Chan Kim
Hemistepsin A (HsA) is a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Hemistepta lyrata (Bunge) Bunge. We investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of HsA and sought to determine its mechanisms of action in macrophages. HsA pretreatment inhibited nitric oxide production, and reduced the expression of iNOS and COX-2 in Toll-like receptor ligand-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Additionally, HsA decreased the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated Kupffer cells as well as in RAW 264...
November 9, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129634/immunostimulatory-effects-of-sulfated-chitosans-on-raw-264-7-mouse-macrophages-via-the-activation-of-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#16
Yue Yang, Ronge Xing, Song Liu, Yukun Qin, Kecheng Li, Huahua Yu, Pengcheng Li
To investigate the immunostimulatory effects of chitosan sulfates, we prepared α- and β-chitosan sulfates with different molecular weights and compared their immunostimulatory activities in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Results suggest that β-chitosan sulfates were more active than α-chitosan in promoting nitric oxide (NO) production. Further study show that β-chitosan sulfate significantly promoted the production of NO, prostaglandin E2, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin-6 and interleukin-1β at the levels of transcription and translation...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126957/3-arylisoindolinone-and-sesquiterpene-derivatives-from-the-mangrove-endophytic-fungi-aspergillus-versicolor-sysu-sks025
#17
Hui Cui, Yena Liu, Tingmei Li, Zhengrui Zhang, Meng Ding, Yuhua Long, Zhigang She
A pair of 3-arylisoindolinone enantiomers: (+)-asperglactam A (1), (-)-asperglactam A (1) and a pair of nor-bisabolane enantiomers: (+)-1-hydroxyboivinianic acid (2), (-)-1-hydroxyboivinianic acid (2), along with seven known compounds (3-8) were obtained from the mangrove endophytic fungus Aspergillus versicolor SYSU-SKS025. Their structures were determined on the basis of HRESIMS and NMR spectroscopic data, and X-ray diffraction. (+)-Asperglactam A (1) and (-)-asperglactam A (1) are the first optically pure examples in the 3-arylisoindolinone family, which are rarely found in natural sources...
November 7, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126939/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-anti-fungal-activities-of-sodium-alginate-amphotericin-b-conjugates
#18
Vasanthan Ravichandran, A Jayakrishnan
Sodium alginate (SA) was oxidized using periodate and amphotericin B (AmB) was conjugated via imine and amine linkages to the oxidized alginate. Oxidization drastically reduced the molecular weight (MW) of the alginate. The conjugates were highly water-soluble to the extent of 1000mg/mL making them useful for therapeutic applications. SA-AmB conjugates derived from 20 and 50% oxidized alginate were non-toxic to HEK 293T and RAW 264.7 cell line at 100μg/mL and was also non-hemolytic to human blood at 100μg/mL...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120821/an-injectable-electrostatically-interacting-drug-depot-for-the-treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#19
Ji Hoon Park, Seung Hun Park, Hye Yun Lee, Jin Woo Lee, Bo Keun Lee, Bun Yeoul Lee, Jae Ho Kim, Moon Suk Kim
To the best of our knowledge, no studies have yet examined the electrostatic interaction of polyelectrolytes with electrolyte drugs for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Here, an injectable, electrostatically interacting drug depot is described. We prepared methoxy polyethylene glycol-b-poly(ε-caprolactone)-ran-poly(l-lactic acid) (MC) diblock copolymers with a carboxylic acid group (MC-C) at the pendant position. MC-C was polyelectrolytes that exhibited negative zeta potentials. Sulfasalazine [Sul(-)] and minocycline [Min(+)], electrolyte RA drugs, exhibited negative and positive zeta potentials, respectively...
November 1, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119735/poly-d-l-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-based-artesunate-nanoparticles-formulation-antimalarial-and-toxicity-assessments
#20
Kabiru Dauda, Zulaikha Busari, Olajumoke Morenikeji, Funmilayo Afolayan, Oyetunde Oyeyemi, Jairam Meena, Debasis Sahu, Amulya Panda
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to formulate polymer-based artesunate nanoparticles for malaria treatment. METHODS: Artesunate was loaded with poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) by solvent evaporation from an oil-in-water single emulsion. Nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry analyses. In vivo antimalarial studies at 4 mg/kg were performed on Swiss male albino mice infected with Plasmodium berghei...
2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
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