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Adhesive taping

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444940/h-reflex-and-m-wave-recordings-effect-of-pressure-application-to-the-stimulation-electrode-on-the-assessment-of-evoked-potentials-and-subject-s-discomfort
#1
Thomas Cattagni, Angèle N Merlet, Christophe Cornu, Marc Jubeau
This study aimed to compare the effect of different types of pressure applied to the stimulation electrode on assessing the efficiency of Ia-α-motoneuron transmission of the soleus muscle and the associated discomfort using electrical nerve stimulation. Twelve healthy young adults participated in three experimental sessions (one for each knee angle). The amplitudes of the maximal Hoffmann reflex (Hmax ) and motor potential (Mmax ) were recorded from the soleus muscle at 0°, 30° and 90° knee angles (0° full extension) through three pressure applications to the stimulation electrode: no pressure, pressure with manual application and pressure using adhesive tape...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444618/rna-dna-co-analysis-on-aged-bloodstains-from-adhesive-tapes-used-for-gunshot-residue-collection-from-hands
#2
Melanie Grabmüller, Christian Schyma, Burkhard Madea, Tim Eichhorst, Cornelius Courts
In cases of firearm related fatalities a systematic investigation at the scene of death is indispensable to differentiate between self-inflicted and homicidal gunshot injuries. A common method to preserve gunshot residues (GSR) is their collection using adhesive tapes. However, the biological material gathered at the same time by the tapes would be of special interest if backspatter, ejected from the entrance wound against the direction of fire, could be detected. In the present study we examined the success rate of co-analysis of RNA and DNA recovered from biological traces sampled with adhesive tapes...
April 25, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411333/technological-device-for-manufacturing-transdermal-films-possible-applications-to-the-individualized-treatment-for-erectile-dysfunction
#3
Francisco José Raposo, Hudson Caetano Polonini, Anderson Ferreira, Nádia Rezende Barbosa Raposo, Marcos Antônio Fernandes Brandão
Pharmacological advances in erectile dysfunction (ED) treatment have aroused growing interest among health professionals towards sexual dysfunction, generating an increasing demand for dosage forms and drug delivery systems, including tadalafil. This study aimed to develop a device to generate patches that would enable drug dosage individualization and transdermal administration. To create such a mechanical device, technical drawings were made using the CAD software. A functional prototype was built, and a pharmaceutical formulation containing tadalafil (10 mg cm(-2)) was prepared...
April 14, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389713/skin-permeation-and-antioxidant-efficacy-of-topically-applied-resveratrol
#4
Cristina Alonso, M Martí, C Barba, V Carrer, L Rubio, L Coderch
The permeation of resveratrol was assessed by in vitro and in vivo experiments 24 h after topical administration. The in vitro profile of resveratrol was assessed by Raman spectroscopy. Human skin permeation was analysed in vivo by the tape stripping method with the progressive removal of the stratum corneum layers using adhesive tape strips. Moreover, the free radical scavenging activity of resveratrol after its topical application was determined using the DPPH assay. The Raman spectra indicated that the topically applied resveratrol penetrates deep into the skin...
April 7, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382616/stratum-corneum-profiles-of-inflammatory-mediators-in-patch-test-reactions-to-common-contact-allergens-and-sodium-lauryl-sulfate
#5
S A Koppes, S Ljubojevic Hadzavdic, I Jakasa, N Franceschi, R Jurakić Tončić, B Marinović, R Brans, S Gibbs, M H W Frings-Dresen, T Rustemeyer, S Kezic
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated allergen-specific differences in the gene expression of inflammatory mediators in patch tested skin. OBJECTIVES: To determine levels of various inflammatory mediators in the stratum corneum (SC) after patch testing with common contact allergens and the skin irritant sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS). METHODS: In total, 27 individuals who had previously patch tested positive to nickel, chromium, methylchloroisothiazolinone/methylisothiazolinone (MCI/MI) or para-phenylenediamine were retested and then patch tested with SLS and petrolatum, with petrolatum serving as the patch test control...
November 4, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382436/environmental-enrichment-reduces-brain-damage-in-hydrocephalic-immature-rats
#6
Carlos Henrique Rocha Catalão, Glaucia Yuri Shimizu, Jacqueline Atsuko Tida, Camila Araújo Bernardino Garcia, Antonio Carlos Dos Santos, Carlos Ernesto Garrido Salmon, Maria José Alves Rocha, Luiza da Silva Lopes
PURPOSE: We investigate the effects of environmental enrichment (EE) on morphological alterations in different brain structures of pup rats submitted to hydrocephalus condition. METHODS: Hydrocephalus was induced in 7-day-old pup rats by injection of 20% kaolin into the cisterna magna. Ventricular dilatation and magnetization transfer to analyze myelin were assessed by magnetic resonance. Hydrocephalic and control rats exposed to EE (n = 10 per group) were housed in cages with a tunnel, ramp, and colored plastic balls that would emit sound when touched...
April 5, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377647/salivary-proteins-a-barrier-on-enamel-demineralization-an-in-vitro-study
#7
Mithra N Hegde, Ankit R Sajnani
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the protective effect of the salivary proteins on the demineralization of enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty freshly extracted human molar teeth were used in this study. Enamel samples (2 mm thickness) were prepared from the buccal and lingual surfaces of the teeth selected. An acid-resistant nail varnish was used to cover every aspect of the sample, except an area of 5 * 5 mm limited by an adhesive tape. After drying, the adhesive tape was removed, exhibiting a rectangular area on the enamel surface...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370567/vertically-oriented-and-tailored-shape-electro-catalytic-metallic-nanowires-for-galactosemia-free-enzyme-rapid-diagnosis
#8
Laura García Carmona, María Cristina González, Alberto Escarpa
Metallic catalytic nanowires such as nickel and copper nanowires (NWs) for electrochemical detection of carbohydrates involved in metabolic rare diseases are proposed. NWs were electrodeposited using a poly carbonate membrane template, which was cut with the desired shape, stuck in double-sided adhesive tape, pasted into a non-conductive substrate and in situ removed. This simple and versatile approach allowed to obtain NWs vertically oriented (v-NWs) which are contained in the double-sided adhesive tape becoming highly versatile...
April 3, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367915/noninvasive-sample-collection-for-the-genotyping-of-neonatal-rats-using-adhesive-tape
#9
Mariko Shirota, Miho Suzuki, Hiroaki Tanaka, Kanako Sueoka, Yuri Yoshikawa, Kazuaki Tanaka
To develop a noninvasive sample collection method for genotyping, we compared PCR products from samples collected from neonates using five different brands of adhesive tape. Next, the youngest application age to distinguish genotypes was established. The tapes were applied on the backs of rats on postnatal day (PND) 10. DNA extracts from two brands provided clear PCR products that enabled genotype identification. The youngest age for distinguishing genotypes was PND 5; however, the youngest age that provided accurate results was PND 7...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332486/fabrication-of%C3%A2-flexible-highly-ordered-porous-alumina-templates-by%C3%A2-combined-nanosphere-lithography-and-anodization
#10
M Krupinski, M Perzanowski, A Maximenko, Y Zabila, M Marszałek
In this work, we propose a new method for the large-scale production of flexible, periodic alumina arrays with well-ordered pores. We show the incorporation of pre-patterning based on polystyrene (PS) nanosphere lithography into an aluminium anodization process. We prepared ordered monolayers of PS spheres with average diameters of (510 ± 10) nm and (430 ± 10) nm on a large area (1.5 × 1.5 cm(2)) of the Si substrate. Next, we deposited a 5 μm aluminium layer on arrays of PS nanospheres using the sputtering technique...
May 12, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324641/preparation-of-a-non-woven-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-fabric-with-partially-embedded-apatite-surface-for-bone-tissue-engineering-applications-by-partial-surface-melting-of-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-fibers
#11
In Ae Kim, Sang-Hoon Rhee
This article describes a novel method for the preparation of a biodegradable non-woven poly(ε-caprolactone) fabric with a partially embedded apatite surface designed for application as a scaffold material for bone tissue engineering. The non-woven poly(ε-caprolactone) fabric was generated by the electro-spinning technique and then apatite was coated in simulated body fluid after coating the PVA solution containing CaCl2 ·2H2 O. The apatite crystals were partially embedded or fully embedded into the thermoplastic poly(ε-caprolactone) fibers by controlling the degree of poly(ε-caprolactone) fiber surface melting in a convection oven...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290197/highly-conductive-and-uniform-alginate-silver-nanowire-composite-transparent-electrode-by-room-temperature-solution-processing-for-organic-light-emitting-diode
#12
Lu Lian, Dan Dong, Shuai Yang, Bingwu Wei, Gufeng He
A novel transparent electrode composed of alginate/silver nanowire (AgNW) with high conductivity and low roughness is fabricated via a solution process at room temperature. The sol-gel transition of the alginate triggered by CaCl2 solution bonds the AgNWs to the substrate tightly. Meanwhile, Cl(-) in the solution can renovate the cracks on the AgNW surfaces created during the mechanical pressing, resulting in a great increase of the electrical conductivity. The alginate/AgNW composite film can reach a sheet resistance of 2...
March 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267128/medical-adhesive-related-skin-injury-following-emergent-appendectomy-a-case-study-of-marsi-and-missed-opportunities-in-nursing-care
#13
Sylvia E Britt, Karen M Coles, Shannon S Polson
BACKGROUND: The potential for skin damage from adhesive products is documented in the literature. Nevertheless, health care providers continue to lack understanding of the impact and seriousness of skin injury associated with use of tapes or other adhesive devices when applied to a patient with a history or hypersensitivity or allergy to adhesives. CASE: A 67-year-old woman with a history of tape allergy underwent emergency appendectomy. Initial removal of an adhesive bandage placed over the surgical incision revealed medical adhesive-related skin injury (MARSI)...
March 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249492/15-cm-1-to-12-000-cm-1-spectral-coverage-without-changing-optics-diamond-beam-splitter-adaptation-of-an-ftir-spectrometer
#14
Dmitry Strelnikov, Bastian Kern, Christoph Sürgers, Manfred M Kappes
In order to facilitate IR absorption measurements, we have upgraded our Bruker IFS66v/S Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer. A synthetic diamond beam splitter without compensator plate and UHV diamond viewports was installed. We have also modified the IR detector chamber to allow measurements with 5 different detectors. As a result we can now obtain FT absorption spectra from 12 000 cm(-1) to 15 cm(-1) with the same sample held under ultrahigh vacuum conditions, simply by switching between appropriate IR detectors...
February 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228539/three-dimensional-printing-spiders-back-and-forth-glue-application-yields-silk-anchorages-with-high-pull-off-resistance-under-varying-loading-situations
#15
Jonas O Wolff, Marie E Herberstein
The anchorage of structures is a crucial element of construction, both for humans and animals. Spiders use adhesive plaques to attach silk threads to substrates. Both biological and artificial adhesive structures usually have an optimal loading angle, and are prone to varying loading situations. Silk anchorages, however, must cope with loading in highly variable directions. Here we show that the detachment forces of thread anchorages of orb-web spiders are highly robust against pulling in different directions...
February 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222258/simple-and-large-scale-strategy-to-prepare-flexible-graphene-tape-electrode
#16
Li Wang, Jie Yu, Yayun Zhang, Han Yang, Longfei Miao, Yonghai Song
A simple and large-scale strategy to prepare flexible graphene tape electrode (GTE) was proposed. The flexible GTE was prepared by a facile peeling method in which a piece of commercial graphite foil was first covered by a commercial acrylic transparent tape and then the transparent adhesive tape was quickly torn off from the graphite foil. Scanning electron microscopy results showed that some folded and wrinkled graphene layers stood up on the GTE surface to form three-dimensional (3D) porous graphene foam...
February 28, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222156/toothbrush-abrasivity-in-a-long-term-simulation-on-human-dentin-depends-on-brushing-mode-and-bristle-arrangement
#17
Mozhgan Bizhang, Ilka Schmidt, Yong-Hee Patricia Chun, Wolfgang H Arnold, Stefan Zimmer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility of dentin to brushing abrasion using four different toothbrushes (rotating-oscillating, sonic and two types of manual toothbrushes) with the same brushing forces. METHODS: Dentin samples (n = 72) were selected from 72 impacted third molars. Half of the surface of dentin samples was covered with an adhesive tape, creating a protected and a freely exposed area in the same specimen. Brushing was performed with either a: sonic (Sonicare PowerUp, Philips GmbH, Hamburg, Germany), b: oscillating-rotating (Oral B Vitality Precisions Clean, Procter & Gamble, Schwalbach am Taunus, Germany) or two different manual toothbrushes c: flat trim brush head toothbrush (Dr...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192908/beyond-conventional-patterns-new-electrochemical-lithography-with-high-precision-for-patterned-film-materials-and-wearable-sensors
#18
Xiaowei Zhang, Shaojun Guo, Yanchao Han, Jing Li, Erkang Wang
We report a simple, low-cost, and brand-new electrochemical lithography technique for replicating the template pattern with high resolution at ∼2 μm. The developed method is that the electroactive material is first deposited on the patterned conductive template by the electrochemical technique and then peeled by an adhesive tape/material. The resulting film with the precise pattern shows excellent mechanical and electronic properties and promises high prospect in designing flexible electronics. This interesting approach can be performed at ambient conditions and easily generalized to pattern various electroactive materials covering metal, alloy, nonmetal, salt, oxide, and composite on different types of substrates in several seconds to a few minutes, making the mass production of flexible/rigid/stretchable patterned thin films quite possible...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184055/clinical-applications-of-polytetrafluoroethylene-ptfe-tape-in-restorative-dentistry
#19
M M Sattar, M Patel, A Alani
Restorative dental procedures are ever developing; one reason for this can be attributed to newer materials with better handling properties and our ability to manipulate them more effectively. As a result various techniques have been described to aid clinicians in obtaining predictable results in restorative dental procedures. This article aims to review the use of plumber's tape to assist in adhesive, endodontic and implant related dental procedures, when compared to other available materials.
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174448/effects-of-two-different-mobilization-techniques-on-pain-range-of-motion-and-functional-disability-in-patients-with-adhesive-capsulitis-a-comparative-study
#20
Surabhi Agarwal, Shahid Raza, Jamal Ali Moiz, Shahnawaz Anwer, Ahmad H Alghadir
[Purpose] This study aimed to compare the effects of two different mobilization techniques in the management of patients with adhesive capsulitis. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty non-diabetic men and women with adhesive capsulitis were randomly allocated to the reverse distraction group (n=15) or Kaltenborn group (n=15). The reverse distraction technique and Kaltenborn's caudal and posterior glides (grades III and IV) were applied 10-15 times along with conventional physical therapy for 18 treatment sessions in 6 weeks...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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