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Adhesive tape

Nivan Weerakkody, Trevor Allen
The impact that muscle fatigue and taping have on proprioception in an applied sporting context remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate disturbances in position sense at the shoulder joint, and asses the effectiveness of adhesive tape in preventing injury and improving performance, after a bout of cricket fast bowling. Among amateur cricket players (N = 14), shoulder position sense, maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) force and bowling accuracy was assessed before and immediately after a fatiguing exercise bout of fast bowling...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Yuko Wada, Yukie Takaoka, Mitsuru Nozawa, Miho Goto, Ken-Ichi Shimokawa, Fumiyoshi Ishii
We measured the pH, water-vapor permeability, adhesive force, peeling-force, elongation rate, support flexibility, and peeling time of medicinal and over-the-counter (OTC) tape preparations containing felbinac. When measuring the pH of each preparation, Felnabion (pH 4.5) was weakly acidic, and EMEC and Tokuon (pH 7.0) were neutral. When measuring the water-vapor permeability of each preparation, that of a generic product, EMEC (380 g/m(2)/24h), was twice as high as that of a brand-name product, Seltouch (189 g/m(2)/24 h)...
October 4, 2016: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
Jagdish Chander, Nidhi Singla, Mandeep Kaur, Rajpal Singh Punia, Ashok Attri, Ana Alastruey-Izquierdo, José F Cano-Lira, Alberto Miguel Stchigel, Josep Guarro
BACKGROUND: Saksenaea erythrospora is an emerging and recently described pathogenic fungus mainly causing invasive cutaneous infections. Globally, very few human cases, caused by S. erythrospora, have been reported. In India, among the genus Saksenaea, S. vasiformis was the only reported pathogenic species, until recently when a case of fungal rhinosinusitis was reported to be caused by S. erythrospora. We observed five human cases of necrotizing skin and soft tissue infections caused by S...
October 4, 2016: Infectious Diseases
Wantao Liu, Peng Xu, Yanjun Guo, Yuan Lin, Xiong Yin, Guangshi Tang, Meng He
Counter electrodes (CEs) of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) are usually fabricated by depositing catalytic materials on substrates. The poor adhesion of the catalytic material to the substrate often results in the exfoliation of catalytic materials, and then the deterioration of cell performance or even the failure of DSCs. In this study, a highly adhesive surface layer is in situ grown on the titanium foil via a facile process and applied as CEs for DSCs. The DSCs applying such CEs demonstrate decent power conversion efficiencies, 6...
October 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
Tingting Ren, Zhi Geng, Junhui He, Xiaojie Zhang, Jin He
Broadband high transmittance, good mechanical robustness as well as simple and low temperature fabrication are three important aspects that dictate the practical applications of superhydrophobic thin films, especially on organic substrates. However, it has proved difficult to meet these challenges. In the present work, superhydrophobic thin films were prepared by first dip-coating solid silica nanoparticles, then spray-coating hollow silica nanoparticles, followed by spray-coating mesoporous silica nanosheets & poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), and eventually chemical vapor deposition of 1H,1H,2H,2H-perflurooctyltriethoxysilane (POTS) at 90°C...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Deanna E Johnson
BACKGROUND: The skin of extremely preterm infants is underdeveloped and has poor barrier function. Skin maintenance interventions initiated in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) have immediate and lifelong implications when the potential for infection, allergen sensitization, and altered aesthetic outcomes are considered. In addition, the high-level medical needs of extremely preterm infants demand skin-level medical interventions that too often result in unintended skin harm. PURPOSE: We describe the use of a harm prevention, or consequence-centered, approach to skin care, which facilitates safer practice for extremely premature infants...
October 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Carlotta Bianco, Maaike J Visser, Olivier A Pluut, Vesna Svetličić, Galja Pletikapić, Ivone Jakasa, Christoph Riethmuller, Gianpiero Adami, Francesca Larese Filon, Diane Schwegler-Berry, Aleksandr B Stefaniak, Sanja Kezic
Silver is increasingly being used in garments to exploit its antibacterial properties. Information on the presence of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in garments and their in vivo penetration across healthy and impaired skin from use is limited. We investigated the presence of AgNPs in a silver containing garment and in the stratum corneum (SC) of healthy subjects (CTRLs) and individuals with atopic dermatitis (AD). Seven CTRLs and seven AD patients wore a silver sleeve (13% Ag w/w) 8 h/day for five days on a forearm and a placebo sleeve on the other forearm...
October 5, 2016: Nanotoxicology
Diego Milani, Jane L Cross, Ryan S Anderton, David J Blacker, Neville W Knuckey, Bruno P Meloni
We examined the efficacy of R18 in a transient MCAO model and compared its effectiveness to the well-characterized neuroprotective NA-1 peptide. R18 and NA-1 peptides were administered intravenously (30, 100, 300, 1000 nmol/kg), 60minutes after the onset of 90minutes of MCAO. Infarct volume, cerebral swelling and functional outcomes (neurological score, adhesive tape and rota-rod) were measured 24hours after MCAO. R18 reduced total infarct volume by 35.1% (p=0.008), 24.8% (p=0.059), 12.2% and 9.6% for the respective 1000 to 30 nmol/kg doses, while the corresponding doses of NA-1 reduced lesion volume by 26...
September 14, 2016: Neuroscience Research
David Labonte, Walter Federle
Many arthropods and small vertebrates use adhesive pads for climbing. These biological adhesives have to meet conflicting demands: attachment must be strong and reliable, yet detachment should be fast and effortless. Climbing animals can rapidly and reversibly control their pads' adhesive strength by shear forces, but the mechanisms underlying this coupling have remained unclear. Here, we show that adhesive forces of stick insect pads closely followed the predictions from tape peeling models when shear forces were small, but strongly exceeded them when shear forces were large, resulting in an approximately linear increase of adhesion with friction...
September 2016: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
Sjors A Koppes, Richard Brans, Suzana Ljubojevic Hadzavdic, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Thomas Rustemeyer, Sanja Kezic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the tape strip sampling technique in the assessment of stratum corneum levels of inflammatory mediators in a clinical trial setting. METHODS: Thirty-eight inflammatory mediators were analyzed by a multiplex-assay in the stratum corneum, collected by adhesive tapes before and after 6 weeks of therapy, in mild and moderate atopic dermatitis (AD) patients (n = 90). Treatment was a ceramide- and magnesium-containing emollient...
2016: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Xingye Cui, Jie Hu, Jane Ru Choi, Yalin Huang, Xuemin Wang, Tian Jian Lu, Feng Xu
A volumetric meter chip was developed for quantitative point-of-care (POC) analysis of bovine catalase, a bioindicator of bovine mastitis, in milk samples. The meter chip displays multiplexed quantitative results by presenting the distance of ink bar advancement that is detectable by the naked eye. The meter chip comprises a poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) layer, a double-sided adhesive (DSA) layer and a glass slide layer fabricated by the laser-etching method, which is typically simple, rapid (∼3 min per chip), and cost effective (∼$0...
September 7, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Hélio L Barros, Sandra M T Marques, Valter Stefani
This study presents a new method for visualization of Oxyuris equi eggs collected by means of a clear adhesive tape applied to the perianal region of horses. The obtained results indicate that this protocol permits a quick, easy, clear and selective visualization of Oxyuris equi eggs even in the presence of feces and other material. Another advantage of this method is that it can be used with fluorescent dyes solubilized in water, which will stain biologic material without dissolving or altering the adhesive tape and is also environmentally safe...
August 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Bryan R Burnett
These experiments were designed to determine whether skin debris (desquamated epithelial cells and apparent skin oils) affects gunshot residue (GSR) particle detection on the sticky tape lift samples prepared for scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A dabbing experiment showed that GSR particles accumulate not only on the adhesive surface of the sampler, but also on the epithelial cell surfaces. Samplers were loaded with target GSR followed by dabbing 30 times on the back of a hand. Backscatter electron images were taken at 20 kV and for some at 30 kV of the same areas...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Yu Konishi, Takashi Nagase, Takashi Kobayashi, Rieko Ueda, Toshifumi Terui, Akira Otomo, Hiroyoshi Naito
UNLABELLED: We present a simple technique for patterning Au top electrodes in vertical molecular junction devices that have the conductive polymer, poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene)-poly(4-styrene sulfonate) ( PEDOT: PSS), as a contact layer between the self-assembled monolayer and the Au top electrode. In this method, a thermally curable photoresist of SU-8 is used to define the areas where the top electrodes are formed. The hydrophobicity and low surface energy of the cured SU-8 facilitates selective deposition of PEDOT: PSS onto the defined top electrode areas of the device through solution dewetting, and also enables the physical peeling of the Au top electrodes deposited on the SU-8 layers using an adhesion tape...
April 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Christina Forsberg, Linda Jansson, Ricky Ansell, Johannes Hedman
Tape-lifting has since its introduction in the early 2000's become a well-established sampling method in forensic DNA analysis. Sampling is quick and straightforward while the following DNA extraction is more challenging due to the "stickiness", rigidity and size of the tape. We have developed, validated and implemented a simple and efficient direct lysis DNA extraction protocol for adhesive tapes that requires limited manual labour. The method uses Chelex beads and is applied with SceneSafe FAST tape. This direct lysis protocol provided higher mean DNA yields than PrepFiler Express BTA on Automate Express, although the differences were not significant when using clothes worn in a controlled fashion as reference material (p=0...
September 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Ajuan Cui, Zhe Liu, Huanli Dong, Fangxu Yang, Yonggang Zhen, Wuxia Li, Junjie Li, Changzhi Gu, Xiaotao Zhang, Rongjin Li, Wenping Hu
Nanogap electrodes arrays are fabricated by combining atomic layer deposition, adhesive tape, and chemical etching. A unipolar nonvolatile resistive-switching behavior is identified in the nanogap electrodes, showing stable, robust performance and the multibit storage ability, demonstrating great potential in ultrahigh-density storage. The formation and dissolution of Si conductive filaments and migration of Au atoms is the mechanism behind the resistive switching.
October 2016: Advanced Materials
Jian-Bo Xie, Liang Li, Anastassiya Knyazeva, James Weston, Panče Naumov
We report a fast and cost-effective strategy towards the preparation of superhydrophobic composites where a double-sided adhesive tape is paved with charcoal particles. The composites are mechanically robust, and resistant to strong chemical agents.
August 11, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Sungwoo Jang, Woo-Bin Jung, Choelgyu Kim, Phillip Won, Sang-Gil Lee, Kyeong Min Cho, Ming Liang Jin, Cheng Jin An, Hwan-Jin Jeon, Seung Hwan Ko, Taek-Soo Kim, Hee-Tae Jung
The development of a practical alternative to indium tin oxide (ITO) is one of the most important issues in flexible optoelectronics. In spite of recent progress in this field, existing approaches to prepare transparent electrodes do not satisfy all of their essential requirements. Here, we present a new substrate-embedded tall (∼350 nm) and thin (∼30 nm) three-dimensional (3D) metal grid mesh structure with a large area, which is prepared via secondary sputtering. This structure satisfies most of the essential requirements of transparent electrodes for practical applications in future opto-electronics: excellent optoelectronic performance (a sheet resistance of 9...
August 7, 2016: Nanoscale
Dane T Plaza, Jamia L Mealy, J Nicholas Lane, M Neal Parsons, Abigail S Bathrick, Donia P Slack
In forensic science, biological material is typically collected from evidence via wet/dry double swabbing with cotton swabs, which is effective but can visibly damage an item's surface. When an item's appearance must be maintained, dry swabbing and tape-lifting may be employed as collection techniques that are visually nondestructive to substrates' surfaces. This study examined the efficacy of alternative swab matrices and adhesive lifters when collecting blood and fingerprints from glass, painted drywall, 100% cotton, and copy paper...
March 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Ling Antonia Zeng, Sui An Lie, Shin Yuet Chong
Introduction. Adhesive tapes are used for taping eyelids closed and securing endotracheal tubes during general anesthesia. These tapes can cause facial skin injury. We compared the incidence of facial skin injury and patient satisfaction with different tapes used. Methods. A total of 60 adult patients at risk of skin trauma were randomized to use 3M™ Kind Removal Silicone Tape or standard acrylate tapes: 3M Durapore (endotracheal tube) and Medipore (eyelids). Patients were blinded to tape used. Postoperatively, a blinded recovery nurse assessed erythema, edema, and denudation of skin...
2016: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
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