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Corneal Transplantation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730122/corneal-blindness-and-current-major-treatment-concern-graft-scarcity
#1
REVIEW
Kah Hie Wong, Ka Wai Kam, Li Jia Chen, Alvin L Young
According to World Health Organization, the global prevalence of blindness in 2010 was 39 million people, among which 4% were due to corneal opacities. Often, the sole resort for visual restoration of patients with damaged corneas is corneal transplantation. However, despite rapid developments of surgical techniques, instrumentations and immunosuppressive agents, corneal blindness remains a prevalent global health issue. This is largely due to the scarcity of good quality corneal grafts. In this review, the causes of corneal blindness, its major treatment options, and the major contributory factors of corneal graft scarcity with potential solutions are discussed...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730094/organ-transplantation-scandal-influencing-corneal-donation-rate
#2
Tobias Röck, Matthias Bramkamp, Karl Ulrich Bartz-Schmidt, Daniel Röck
In the majority of countries, there is a shortage of donor corneas for corneal transplantations. This study investigated the impact of organ transplantation scandals on corneal donation rate at the University Hospital Tübingen. Each deceased patient was considered as a potential corneal donor. An ophthalmic resident handled with stable methods of procedures the corneal donor procurement from 2009 to 2015. The rates of corneal donation were examined and analyzed. Among the 5712 hospital deaths, consent for corneal donation was obtained in 711 cases...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730071/effect-of-sorafenib-in-a-murine-high-risk-penetrating-keratoplasty-model
#3
Yang Kyung Cho, Eun Young Shin, Hironori Uehara, Balamurali K Ambati
AIM: To evaluate the effect of sorafenib in murine high risk keratoplasty model. METHODS: Graft survival, corneal neovascularization, and corneal lymphangiogenesis were compared among the sorafenib, dexamethasone, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), and phosphate buffered saline (PBS) groups following subconjunctival injection in mice that underwent high risk penetrating keratoplasty (HRPK). Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to quantify the expression of inflammatory cytokines and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, VEGF-C, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-2, VEGFR-3...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729548/multiplex-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-pathogen-detection-in-donor-recipient-corneal-transplant-tissue-and-donor-storage-solution
#4
Takehiro Hariya, Kazuichi Maruyama, Sunao Sugita, Masayo Takahashi, Shunji Yokokura, Kota Sato, Yasuhiro Tomaru, Norio Shimizu, Toru Nakazawa
Corneal transplantation is a safe, reliable method of restoring visual acuity in patients with corneal disorders. Although it has a very high success rate, rejection can still occur, especially if the site is infected. Therefore, seeking to find better ways to manage infection risk, this study investigated a new technique, based on multiplex polymerase chain reaction (mPCR), to identify pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, and fungi, in corneal transplantation recipient sites, donor corneas and the donor cornea storage solution...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726551/extracellular-matrix-and-integrin-expression-profiles-in-fuchs-endothelial-corneal-dystrophy-cells-and-tissue-model
#5
Benjamin Goyer, Mathieu Thériault, Sébastien P Gendron, Isabelle Brunette, Patrick J Rochette, Stéphanie Proulx
Primary corneal endothelial cell cultures and 3D engineered tissue models were used to study the aberrant deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) in a vision impairing pathology known as Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD). Corneal endothelial cells (CEC) were isolated from excised Descemet membranes of patients with end-stage FECD. CEC isolated from healthy corneas served as controls. Microarray gene profiling was performed on post-confluent cultures of healthy and FECD cells. Protein expression analyses were conducted on tissue models that were engineered by seeding an endothelium on previously devitalized human stromal carriers...
July 20, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726355/combined-cataract-dsek-dmek-changing-expectations
#6
Francis W Price, Marianne O Price
Endothelial keratoplasty (EK) has revolutionized corneal transplant surgery by providing rapid visual recovery and improved visual outcomes. In parts of the world with Fuchs endothelial dystrophy, many patients may present with both cataracts and corneal degeneration requiring surgery. Other forms of endothelial decompensation may also present with cataracts. The staging or combination of transplant surgery and cataract surgery depend on both the abilities of the surgeon and the surgical techniques being considered...
July 18, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724812/use-of-glycerol-preserved-corneas-for-corneal-transplants
#7
Neeti Gupta, Prerna Upadhyay
PURPOSE: This study was carried out to see the results of glycerol-preserved cornea (GPC) in emergency situation when fresh corneal tissue was not available. The aim was to study the outcome of corneal transplantation using GPC. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. The medical records of all the patients were reviewed, who underwent keratoplasty using "GPC" during the period from October 2011 to December 2015. The indication of keratoplasty, duration of preservation of the GPC, and its outcome were analyzed...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716777/customised-crescentic-corneal-transplant-with-conjunctival-resection-in-an-atypical-case-of-malignant-mooren-s-ulcer
#8
Jayanand Urkude, Rashmi Singh, Manthan Chaniyara, Amar Pujari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708218/microbial-characteristics-of-posttraumatic-infective-keratitis
#9
Blanche X Lim, Victor T C Koh, Manotosh Ray
PURPOSE: To determine the demographics, risk factors, clinical and microbiological characteristics, and treatment outcome of posttraumatic infective keratitis. METHODS: Consecutive patients with posttraumatic infective keratitis presenting to the Ophthalmology Department of a tertiary referral hospital in Singapore between March 2012 and March 2016 were prospectively identified. A standardized data collection form was used to document patient demographics, microbiological diagnosis, antibiotic sensitivity, and pretreatment and posttreatment ocular characteristics...
July 8, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704317/comparison-of-collagen-cross-linking-and-amniotic-membrane-transplantation-in-an-experimental-alkali-burn-rabbit-model
#10
Sevgi Subasi, Ozgul Altintas, Melda Yardimoglu, Yusufhan Yazir, Suleyman Karaman, Selenay Furat Rencber, Kubra Kavram
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of collagen cross-linking (CXL) and amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) on acute corneal alkali burns. METHODS: After establishment of an alkali burn model, 32 rabbits were divided into 4 groups: control group, AMT group, CXL group, and AMT + CXL (combined) group. Clinical parameters, including epithelial wound, opacity, ulceration, and neovascularization, were evaluated on postinjury days 1, 7, 14, and 18. Histological parameters were examined in hematoxylin/eosin (H&E) and Masson trichrome-stained corneal sections...
July 11, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702317/fungal-keratitis-caused-by-metarhizium-anisopliae-complex
#11
Mahmood J Showail, Julianne V Kus, George Kar Tsui, Hall F Chew
PURPOSE: To report a case of fungal keratitis caused by Metarhizium anisopliae complex. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: Our patient presented with a central corneal infiltrate. Fungal culture yielded a Metarhizium species. She was started on antifungal agents with no significant improvement. A therapeutic corneal transplant was performed after perforation. At two years follow up, she was free of infection. CONCLUSION: Metarhizium anisopliae is a very rare cause of keratitis...
September 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700252/modified-allogenic-simple-limbal-epithelial-transplantation-followed-by-keratoplasty-as-treatment-for-total-limbal-stem-cell-deficiency
#12
Alfonso Vasquez-Perez, Mayank A Nanavaty
PURPOSE: To describe a modified allogenic simple limbal epithelial transplant (SLET) technique with large donor tissue explants followed by keratoplasty. METHODS: A 69-year-old with conjunctival melanoma on her left eye developed total limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) after multiple cycles of topical mitomycin. She also had herpes stromal keratitis while on treatment with mitomycin. She underwent modified allogenic SLET with large donor limbal tissue explants glued on the cornea directly and the amniotic membrane placed over the limbal explants...
July 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698551/laminin-511-and-521-based-matrices-for-efficient-ex-vivo-expansion-of-human-limbal-epithelial-progenitor-cells
#13
Naresh Polisetti, Lydia Sorokin, Naoki Okumura, Noriko Koizumi, Shigeru Kinoshita, Friedrich E Kruse, Ursula Schlötzer-Schrehardt
Optimization of culture conditions for human limbal epithelial stem/progenitor cells (LEPC) that incorporate the in vivo cell-matrix interactions are essential to enhance LEPC ex vivo-expansion and transplantation efficiency. Here, we investigate the efficacy of laminin (LN) isoforms preferentially expressed in the limbal niche as culture matrices for epithelial tissue engineering. Analyses of expression patterns of LN chains in the human limbal niche provided evidence for enrichment of LN-α2, -α3, -α5, -β1, -β2, -β3, -γ1, -γ2 and -γ3 chains in the limbal basement membrane, with LN-α5 representing a signature component specifically produced by epithelial progenitor cells...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694420/effect-of-organ-scandal-on-corneal-donation-rate-and-organ-donors-at-a-german-university-hospital
#14
Daniel Röck, Peter Petersen, Efdal Yoeruek, Sebastian Thaler, Karl Ulrich Bartz-Schmidt, Tobias Röck
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of an organ transplantation scandal on the rate of corneal donations and organ donors at the University Hospital Tübingen. MATERIAL AND METHODS Data from all hospital deaths from January 2012 to December 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. Each deceased patient was considered as a potential corneal donor. The corneal donor procurement was handled by an ophthalmic resident on a full-time basis with standard used unchanged set of procedures. Each patient who died due to cerebral complications was considered as a potential organ donor...
July 11, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691943/effect-of-a-new-matrix-therapy-agent-in-persistent-epithelial-defects-after-bacterial-keratitis-treated-with-topical-fortified-antibiotics
#15
Marc-Antoine Chappelet, Diane Bernheim, Christophe Chiquet, Florent Aptel
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of topical application of a matrix regenerating agent (RGTA) in subjects with a persistent epithelial defect after bacterial keratitis treated with topical fortified antibiotics. METHODS: In this prospective case series of 14 subjects (14 eyes) with a persisting corneal ulcer after the cessation of fortified antibiotics, subjects were treated with an RGTA at a dose of 1 drop every other day. The main outcome measure was the proportion of subjects with complete corneal healing 1 month after initiation of treatment...
July 6, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690536/catastrophic-thermal-corneoscleral-injury-treated-with-transplantation-of-donor-scleral-graft
#16
Satoru Kase, Takeshi Ohguchi, Susumu Ishida
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to report a patient with senile cataract developing severe thermal corneoscleral injury during phacoemulsification, which was treated with a donor scleral graft. CASE: Severe thermal corneoscleral injury occurred during phacoemulsification in the right eye of a 74-year-old male. His medical history was prostate hypertrophy. Visual acuity was hand motion and the intraocular pressure was 3 mm Hg OD. There was heavy corneal stromal opacity with intraocular fluid leakage...
May 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688026/indications-and-graft-survival-analysis-in-optical-penetrating-keratoplasty-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india-a-5-year-study
#17
Sudesh Kumar Arya, Amit Raj, Ravi Kant Bamotra, Anubha Bhatti, Jyoti Deswal, Meenakshi Sindhu
PURPOSE: To study the indications and variables correlating with graft survival in optical penetrating keratoplasty in a tertiary care hospital in north India. PARTICIPANTS: All patients who underwent optical keratoplasty, except those undergoing lamellar grafts, tectonic grafts transplants and penetrating keratoplasty done for therapeutic purposes were included in the study. Patients with follow-up less than 2 years were excluded from the study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained by reviewing the records of 101 patients who underwent optical penetrating keratoplasty from 2008 to 2013 for various indications...
July 7, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687847/silk-fibroin-films-for-corneal-endothelial-regeneration-transplant-in-a-rabbit-descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty
#18
Natalia Vázquez, Carlos A Rodríguez-Barrientos, Salvador D Aznar-Cervantes, Manuel Chacón, José L Cenis, Ana C Riestra, Ronald M Sánchez-Avila, Mairobi Persinal, Agustín Brea-Pastor, Luis Fernández-Vega Cueto, Álvaro Meana, Jesús Merayo-Lloves
Purpose: Develop a silk fibroin (SF)-based artificial endothelial graft for its use in a rabbit Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). Methods: Human and rabbit artificial corneal endothelial grafts were developed through the culture of human and rabbit corneal endothelial cells (CECs) on SF films. Rabbit artificial SF endothelial grafts were transplanted in a DMEK surgery into a rabbit in vivo model. Results: SF artificial endothelial grafts showed the characteristic endothelial markers: zonula occludens (ZO-1) and Na+/K+ ATPase...
July 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685183/-critical-endothelial-procedures-during-posterior-lamellar-graft-preparation-and-transplantation
#19
REVIEW
T A Fuchsluger, F E Kruse, G Geerling
BACKGROUND: In view of the very low proliferation rate and functional importance of the corneal endothelium in maintaining corneal transparency, safeguarding the integrity of this monolayer plays a central role in posterior lamellar corneal transplantation. Several critical endothelial procedural stages are necessary to carry out such a transplantation. OBJECTIVE: This article presents various preparatory and operative approaches for carrying out the necessary and critical stages within the framework of posterior lamellar corneal transplantation and concentrates on the question of optimization...
July 6, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683485/-therapeutic-options-in-keratoconus
#20
Frederik Raiskup, Janine Lenk, Robert Herber, Zisis Gatzioufas, Eberhard Spörl
A recent epidemiology study revealed that prevalence of keratoconus was much higher than previously assumed. Therefore, it is no longer deemed an "orphan disease", as it has a relevant socioeconomic impact on the healthcare system. One of the most important risk factors for developing keratoconus is chronic eye rubbing which, apart from other known risk factors such as atopy or Down's syndrome, is the only modifiable factor. Informing the patient and offering behavior modifying therapies seems to be essential...
July 6, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
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