Read by QxMD icon Read

Employee Assistance Program

Russ C Kolarik, Richard L O'Neal, Joseph A Ewing
BACKGROUND: Burnout and depression are prevalent among resident physicians, though the supportive role of the program director (PD) is not well defined. OBJECTIVE: To understand the residents' view of the residency program director's role in assessing and promoting resident wellness. METHODS: A single institution survey of all house staff was conducted in 2017. Rates of burnout and depression were identified via the 2-item Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the Patient Health Questionaire-2 (PHQ-2), respectively...
March 5, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Bettie Coplan, Tara G Bautista, Richard W Dehn
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to identify PA program characteristics that may be associated with higher or lower percentages of underrepresented minority students in PA programs. METHODS: Data from the Physician Assistant Education Association (PAEA) 2002-2003 and 2012-2013 annual surveys were analyzed. Bivariate correlation coefficients and multiple regression modeling were used to identify relationships between program characteristics and percentages of black and Hispanic students...
March 2018: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Patricia Stoddard-Dare, LeaAnne DeRigne, Linda Quinn, Christopher Mallett
Nearly a third of all U.S. workers, primarily lower-paid employees, do not have paid sick leave benefits, prompting some lawmakers to consider mandating paid sick leave for all U.S. employees so workers can access timely health care without lost wages. A representative sample of 19,537 workers in current paid employment was examined, searching for the association between access to paid sick leave benefits and receipt of six different welfare and welfare-related services. After controlling for relevant demographic, work, income, and medical/health care variables, results of the logistic models indicate that, among working adults age 18-64, those without paid sick leave are 1...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Susan Schmitz, Tiffany A Radcliff, Karen Chu, Robert E Smith, Aram Dobalian
OBJECTIVE: The US Veterans Health Administration's Disaster Emergency Medical Personnel System (DEMPS) is a team of employee disaster response volunteers who provide clinical and non-clinical staffing assistance when local systems are overwhelmed. This study evaluated attitudes and recommendations of the DEMPS program to understand the impact of multi-modal training on volunteer perceptions. METHODS: DEMPS volunteers completed an electronic survey in 2012 (n=2120)...
February 20, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Rene Dailey, Lynsey Romo, Sarah Myer, Cathy Thomas, Surabhi Aggarwal, Kelly Nordby, Madison Johnson, Carolyn Dunn
It is well known that significant others (particularly romantic partners) can influence people's weight management efforts. However, what constitutes effective support-and from which type of individual (e.g., romantic partner, family member, friend)-is unclear. Thus, framed by confirmation theory, we assessed the effectiveness and types of communication of a weight-loss "buddy" through reports of 704 individuals enrolled in a 15-week synchronous online weight-loss program. Roughly 54% of participants chose buddies; and those who did lost more weight and waist inches than those who were involved in the program without buddy support...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Ji Young Song, Kyoung-Sook Jeong, Kyeong-Sook Choi, Min-Gi Kim, Yeon-Soon Ahn
The extent and severity of the psychological effects following chemical release disasters have not been widely reported. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of hydrogen fluoride (HF)-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and to identify associated psychological risk factors. On September 2012, an estimated 8 to 12 tons of HF gas, which dissolves in air moisture to form droplets of corrosive hydrofluoric acid, escaped from an industrial complex in Gumi, South Korea. Ten months later, structured questionnaires that included items from the Impacts of Event Scale (revised Korean version) as well as questions about demographic and psychological risk factors related to PTSD were distributed to workers in the affected area...
February 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Grant W Reed, Scott Hantz, Rebecca Cunningham, Amar Krishnaswamy, Stephen G Ellis, Joe Rak, Samir R Kapadia
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to report outcomes from an efficiency improvement project in a large cardiac cath lab. BACKGROUND: Operational inefficiencies are common in the cath lab, yet solutions are challenging. A detailed report describing and providing solutions for these inefficiencies may be valuable in guiding improvements in productivity. METHODS: In this observational study, the authors report metrics of efficiency before and after a cath lab quality improvement program in June 2014...
January 25, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Tengku Alina Tengku Ismail, Rohana Abdul Jalil, Wan Rosli Wan Ishak, Noor Fadzlina Hamid, Wan Suriati Wan Nik, Hamid Jan Jan Mohamed, Nor Haslina Mohd, Wan Nor Arifin, Wan Mohd Izani Wan Mohamed, Mohd Ismail Ibrahim, Rohaida Ismail, Tengku Fatimatul Tengku Hassim, Tahir Aris, Wan Manan Wan Muda
Background: A qualitative study providing an in-depth exploration of people's view and the increasing burden of overweight and obesity is required. This study aimed to explore the understanding of dieting and previous experiences on weight loss attempts among overweight and obese government employees in Kelantan, Malaysia, prior to recruitment into the intervention program. Methods: Thirteen focus group discussions involving 129 participants from a weight-loss intervention program were conducted within the first 1 month of recruitment...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
C Dell'Omodarme, G Bocci, G Troiano, S Rossi, L Kundisova, N Nante, L Alaimo
BACKGROUND: Midwives have the responsibility to provide assistance to pregnant women for non-complicated deliveries. The aim of this study was to identify the distinctive features of midwives in Italy and in England in order to provide interesting comparisons. METHODS: From September to October 2015 we administered an online questionnaire to groups of Italian and English midwives. The questionnaire was composed by a part trying to collect the sociodemographic information and a second part to define the attitudes of care and the type of approach to birth and degree of attained professional autonomy...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
Denis Haine, Roger Cue, Asheber Sewalem, Kevin Wade, René Lacroix, Daniel Lefebvre, Jonathan Rushton, Julie Arsenault, Émile Bouchard, Jocelyn Dubuc
The series of events leading to the decision to cull a cow is complex, involving both individual-level and herd-level factors. While the decision is guided by financial returns, it is also influenced by social and psychological factors. Research studies on the motivational and behavioural aspects of farmers' decision utility are sparse, and nonexistent regarding culling expectations and its decision process. Our goal was to identify shared criteria on culling decisions held by dairy producers and farm advisers, with the help of the Q-methodology...
December 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Seena Shazowee Edgerton
In line with the vision of the University of Mississippi Medical Center (UMMC) to improve health outcomes and eliminate healthcare disparities in Mississippi, a corporate telehealth program was initiated beginning May 2014. A descriptive study was performed to discover common characteristics among enrolled employee users who took advantage of UMMC's corporate telehealth services offered in their workplace throughout the program's first year of operation. This pilot study examined the number of videoconference visits (e-visits) throughout the first year of operation, from May 2014 through April 2015...
2017: Perspectives in Health Information Management
Lainie Rutkow, Katherine C Smith, Alden Yuanhong Lai, Jon S Vernick, Corey S Davis, G Caleb Alexander
BACKGROUND: Opioid-related overdose deaths are a major public health challenge. Forty-nine states have implemented Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs) that collect information about individuals' prescription medications. Little is known about state governments' implementation of PDMPs. We conducted semi-structured interviews with PDMP staff, law enforcement officials, and administrative agency employees to learn about their attitudes and experiences with PDMPs. METHODS: From May 2015 to June 2016, we conducted 37 semi-structured interviews with state actors in four states...
September 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Sarah L Canham, Mei Lan Fang, Lupin Battersby, Ryan Woolrych, Judith Sixsmith, Tori Hui Ren, Andrew Sixsmith
Purpose of the Study: Home and community engagement are key contextual factors for aging well, particularly for older adults in vulnerable social positions. A community-based participatory action research project conducted in Western Canada examined how to best use the shared amenity spaces in a low-income seniors' apartment complex in order to connect services and programs with tenants and to provide opportunities for service providers and local stakeholders to build upon and create new relationships toward collaboration and service delivery...
July 25, 2017: Gerontologist
Laura A Linnan, Gabriela Arandia, Carolyn Naseer, Jiang Li, Meg Pomerantz, Sandra J Diehl
BACKGROUND North Carolina has the third largest community college system in the nation and reaches residents in all 100 counties. Few studies have focused on the health of employees who work at these institutions. We assessed the current status of and interest in supporting health promotion efforts among North Carolina Community College System members.METHODS North Carolina Community College System presidents completed a brief 15-item survey assessing support for and interest in offering health promotion programs...
September 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
Hanan H Edrees, Laura Morlock, Albert W Wu
BACKGROUND: Second victims-defined as health care providers who are emotionally traumatized after a patient adverse event-may not receive needed emotional support. Although most health care organizations have an employee assistance program (EAP), second victims may be reluctant to access this service because of worries about confidentiality. A study was conducted to describe the extent to which organizational support for second victims is perceived as desirable by patient safety officers in acute care hospitals in Maryland and to identify existing support programs...
September 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
Johnnie R Robbins, Krystal K Valdez-Delgado, Nicole W Caldwell, Linda H Yoder, Elizabeth J Hayes, Michaèl G Barba, Hope L Greeley, Colleen Mitchell, Elizabeth A Mann-Salinas
INTRODUCTION: There is significant nationwide interest in transitioning new and new-to-specialty nurses into practice, especially in burn care. Lack of a structured transition program in our Burn Center was recognized as a contributing factor for nursing dissatisfaction and increased turnover compared to other hospital units. Employee evaluations exposed a need for more didactic instruction, hands-on learning, and preceptor support. The goal of this project was to implement an evidence-based transition to practice program specific to the burn specialty...
November 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Elisheba Haqq-Stevens, Kathleen E Zavotsky, Sarah Kelly, Christopher Duffy, Claudia Pagani, Myrna Young, Lori Colineri
The current professional nursing workforce in the United States is predominantly White and female, even though minorities compose 33% of the national population (Travers, Smaldone, & Cohn, 2015). Minority patients are more effectively cared for when their particular cultural milieu is taken into consideration as part of their health care plan (Sullivan, 2004). According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), health care quality remains suboptimal for diverse populations in the United States because some individuals do not receive quality care or do not believe their values are honored or respected (AHRQ, 2016)...
August 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
David T Rubin, Manish Mittal, Matthew Davis, Scott Johnson, Jingdong Chao, Martha Skup
BACKGROUND: AbbVie provides a free-to-patient patient support program (PSP) to assist adalimumab-treated patients with medication costs, nurse support, injection training, pen disposal, and medication reminders. The impact of these services on patient adherence to adalimumab and direct medical costs associated with autoimmune disease has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the relationship between participation in a PSP and outcomes (adalimumab adherence, persistence, and direct medical costs) in patients initiating adalimumab treatment...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Y Zhang, J F Duffy, E Ronan De Castillero
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT: Nurses are at a high risk for work-family conflict due to long and irregular work hours and multiple physical and psychosocial stressors in their work environment. Nurses report higher rates of depressive symptoms than the general public, leading to a high rate of burnout, absenteeism, and turnover. Work-family conflict is associated with negative consequences in nurses including physical illnesses and mental disorders. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE: Past research on this topic has not examined the mechanisms for the effect of work family conflict on depression...
October 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Erin McCauley, Leah Samples
In the U.S. serious mental illness (SMI) is common in jails, which are often primary healthcare providers. Incarceration and healthcare are intertwined-lack of care access increases the risk of imprisonment which decreases care access. This case study explores a jail program which assists people with SMI with the disability determination process. Interviews with employees (n = 4) and clients (n = 25), and administrative data from jail databases on recidivism, benefit receipt, and demographics highlight the importance of reentry planning and access to resources in crime desistance, as well as how the program increased resource access, and provided feelings of hope and safety...
November 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"