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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30222081/silver-sulfadiazine-and-cerium-nitrate-in-ischemic-skin-necrosis-of-the-leg-and-foot-results-of-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Julian Vitse, Huidi Tchero, Sylvie Meaume, Anne Dompmartin, Julie Malloizel-Delaunay, Chloé Géri, Christine Faure, Christian Herlin, Luc Teot
Flammacerium is a topical treatment composed of silver sulfadiazine and cerium nitrate initially used in burns. The objective was to assess the effectiveness of silver sulfadiazine and cerium nitrate on ischemic necrosis wounds of the lower limb as an alternative to amputation for a period of 12 weeks. Patients were prospectively randomized to receive silver sulfadiazine and cerium nitrate or standard care. Patients included adults with an ischemic wound of the lower limb, with necrosis covering over at least 50%...
September 2018: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30222080/diabetic-foot-fungal-osteomyelitis-no-longer-unknown-and-hidden
#2
Prashanth R J Vas, Periklis Panagopoulos, Nikolaos Papanas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221507/shape-memory-ankle-foot-orthoses
#3
Jianming Chen, Jinlian Hu, Aaron K L Leung, Cheng Chen, Jun Zhang, Yuanchi Zhang, Yong Zhu, Jianping Han
Electrically actuated ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) were designed and prototyped using shape memory textile composites. Acrylic copolymers were synthesized as the matrix to demonstrate shape memory effects while electrothermal fabrics were embedded to generate uniform heat as a trigger. Superior to conventional polymeric orthoses, shape memory AFOs (SM-AFOs) could be repeatedly programmed at least 20 times with stable shape fixity and recovery. Evidenced by clinical practice, SM-AFOs were effectively actuated at 10V, allowing the correction of ankle angles with 10° plantarflexion...
September 17, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220154/-repairing-the-bone-and-skin-defect-of-foot-after-improved-toe-to-finger-reconstruction-utilizing-periosteal-perforator-bone-skin-flap-of-proximal-anterior-tibial-artery
#4
Y T Wei, G W Zhong, T G Tang, H H Liang, J Yao, F Q Sun
Objective: To evaluate the clinical outcome of repairing donor site of foot after improved toe-to-finger reconstruction utilizing periosteal perforator bone-skin flap of proximal anterior tibial artery. Methods: Twelve patients of toe defect after reconstruction were repaired from March, 2015 to June, 2017 utilizing periosteal perforator bone-skin flap of proximal anterior tibial artery in the Department of Hand and Foot Microsurgery of Xin'an Hospital, Dongguan City.Of which, there were 7 cases of great toe defect with fibular side of phalanx ungual and skin, 5 cases of second toe defect with proximal interphalangeal joints and the partial bone accompanied the great toe defect...
September 4, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220141/-the-influence-of-thymidine-phosphorylase-genetic-variation-on-clinical-outcomes-and-safety-of-colorectal-cancer-patients-received-adjuvant-chemotherapy-after-r0-resection
#5
Y B Du, T F Zhang, K Cui, S L Jin, Y Xi, W Ma
Objective: To study the association between Thymidine Phosphorylase (TYMP) genetic variation and clinical outcomes and safety of postoperative colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Methods: A total of 235 patients with colorectal cancer underwent surgical treatment were included in this retrospective analysis. Peripheral blood and the postoperative tissue specimen of the CRC patients were collected for the genotyping of polymorphism and TYMP mRNA expression, respectively. The correlation between polymorphism and clinical outcomes and safety of postoperative CRC patients were analysed...
August 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219551/electronic-clinical-reminder-and-quality-of-primary-diabetes-care
#6
Shannon S Wu, Kitty S Chan, Jaeyong Bae, Eric W Ford
AIMS: To study the association of EMR's clinical reminder use on a comprehensive set of diabetes quality metrics in U.S. office-based physicians and within solo- versus multi-physician practices. We conducted a retrospective cohort study on visits made by adults with diabetes identified from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (2012-2014). METHODS: Multiple logistic regression is used to test for associations between clinical reminder use and recommended services by the American Diabetes Association...
September 12, 2018: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219150/arthroscopic-posterior-subtalar-arthrodesis-for-salvage-of-posttraumatic-arthritis-following-calcaneal-fractures
#7
Jesús Vilá-Rico, Cristina Ojeda-Thies, María Ángela Mellado-Romero, Enrique Javier Sánchez-Morata, Luis Rafael Ramos-Pascua
BACKGROUND: Subtalar arthrodesis is a treatment option for pain due to posttraumatic arthritis following calcaneal fractures. The goal of this study is to examine the results of arthroscopic subtalar arthrodesis for posttraumatic arthritis following calcaneal fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective case series reviewing 37 consecutive patients (36 male) treated for posttraumatic arthritis following calcaneal fractures by arthroscopic subtalar arthrodesis...
September 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219148/preliminary-results-using-patient-specific-3d-printed-models-to-improve-preoperative-planning-for-correction-of-post-traumatic-tibial-deformities-with-circular-frames
#8
Pablo S Corona, Matías Vicente, Kevin Tetsworth, Vaida Glatt
BACKGROUND: Preoperative planning for circular external fixators is considered vital towards achieving the best results for complex post-traumatic tibial deformities, and patient-specific 3D printed (3DP) models were used here as a planning aid. The main goal was to investigate the fidelity of the preoperative planning process, by assessing the potential to reduce operative time and determining the need to adjust pre-constructed frames intra-operatively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Nine patients (10 limbs) underwent treatment for post-traumatic tibial complications using circular external fixation...
September 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219025/general-theory-of-charge-regulation-and-surface-differential-capacitance
#9
Rudolf Podgornik
A generalization of the mean-field approach will be derived that will take into account the ion-ion as well as ion-surface non-electrostatic effects on an equal footing, being based on the bulk and surface equations of state in the absence of electrostatic interactions. This approach will be applied to the analysis of a single planar surface with dissociable sites with several models of the specific ion-surface non-electrostatic interactions, providing a general thermodynamic insight into the characteristics of the surface differential capacitance...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218839/combined-three-dimensional-gait-and-plantar-pressure-analyses-detecting-significant-functional-deficits-in-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#10
Josephine Merker, Matthias Hartmann, Johannes-Peter Haas, Ansgar Schwirtz
BACKGROUND: Children suffering from juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), a heterogeneous group of chronic inflammatory joint diseases, adapt to individual gait patterns to avoid loading of inflamed, swollen and painful joints. As the interpretability of previous studies is limited, this study aims to assess the functional capacity, loads and plantar pressure distribution in the gait of a homogeneous JIA group. RESEARCH QUESTION: Does a symmetrical lower limb joint involvement influence the gait dynamics in JIA patients, and how are the results of three-dimensional gait analysis (3DGA) and pedobarography related? METHODS: Fifty JIA patients with symmetrical hip, knee and ankle joint arthritis and 27 healthy controls performed 3DGA and pedobarography at self-selected walking speeds...
September 9, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217789/antimicrobial-activity-of-elytropappus-rhinocerotis-asteraceae-against-micro-organisms-associated-with-foot-odour-and-skin-ailments
#11
I M Hulley, S F van Vuuren, N J Sadgrove, B-E van Wyk
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The twigs of Elytropappus rhinocerotis are widely used in the Cape region of South Africa to treat foot odour, perspiration and also itchy, chilblained and burning feet. However, no antimicrobial studies have hitherto been published on this popular Cape herbal medicine, which is also used for a wide range of ailments. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To determine the antimicrobial activity of the extracts, essential oil and two major labdane diterpenes isolated from E...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217708/outcomes-following-lower-extremity-revascularization-for-treatment-of-critical-limb-ischemia-with-tissue-loss-in-patients-with-chronic-immune-mediated-inflammatory-disease
#12
Monica S O'Brien-Irr, Maciej L Dryjski, H Hasan Dosluoglu, Sherif Shalaby, Gregory Cherr, Mariel Rivero, Dimitrios Kuoduomas, Linda M Harris
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes following lower extremity revascularization for critical limb ischemia with tissue loss in patients with chronic immune mediated inflammatory disease. METHODS: A retrospective medical record review of all lower extremity revascularization for critical limb ischemia with tissue loss at a University affiliated hospital over a 3 year period was completed for demographics, co-morbidities, lower extremity revascularization indication, angiogram results, complications, mortality, limb salvage and re-intervention...
September 11, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217661/hallux-valgus-and-metatarsus-adductus-measurements-inter-reader-reliability-and-correlations-on-radiographs-and-mri
#13
R Dessouky, N Heineman, L Zhang, J Hummel, J Skweres, D Wukich, A Chhabra
AIM: To assess inter-reader reliability of metatarsus adductus (MA) using the traditional method and Engel's angle (EA) on radiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and assess correlations with hallux valgus (HV). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Ninety consecutive patients with radiographs and MRI of the foot were included. Two readers measured HV angle (HVA), traditional metatarsus adductus angle (MAA), and EA on radiographs and HVA and EA on MRI. Three- and two-way mixed model analyses were used for reader agreements...
September 11, 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217481/the-equations-of-the-inserted-length-of-percutaneous-central-venous-catheters-on-neonates-in-nicu
#14
I-Lun Chen, Mei-Chen Ou-Yang, Feng-Shun Chen, Mei-Yung Chung, Chih-Cheng Chen, Yu-Chen Liu, Kuan-Hung Lin, Hsin-Chun Huang
BACKGROUND: In neonatal intensive care units, a percutaneous central venous catheter (PCVC) is inserted peripherally and threaded into a central venous location, when intravenous access is anticipated for an extended period of time. The tip location of PCVCs should be checked by an X-ray after the procedure. The present study aimed to determine an equation to estimate the optimal insertion length of PCVCs in neonates prior to the procedure. METHODS: The data of all neonates who had PCVC insertion between May 1st 2015 and April 30th 2016 was reviewed...
August 3, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217262/coptidis-rhizoma-inhibits-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-and-alleviates-renal-damage-in-early-obesity-related-glomerulopathy
#15
Yanlin Ren, Dingkun Wang, Fuer Lu, Xin Zou, Lijun Xu, Kaifu Wang, Wenya Huang, Hao Su, Chu Zhang, Yang Gao, Hui Dong
BACKGROUND: Obese subjects have been considered to be in a state of chronic, low-grade systemic inflammation. Excess fat accumulation and persistent inflammation may promote renal dysfunction, to cause chronic kidney disease (CKD) and even end-stage kidney failure. Coptidis Rhizoma is a classical traditional Chinese herb well known for its hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic properties. The mechanism is partially associated with its anti-inflammatory effect. However, this effect is rarely investigated in obesity and obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG)...
October 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216035/common-foot-problems-home-treatments
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216025/common-foot-problems-over-the-counter-treatments-and-home-care
#17
Blair A Becker, Marc A Childress
Most foot disorders do not require podiatry referral or complex interventions. After the clinical diagnosis is made, these conditions can typically be managed with over-the-counter (OTC) and home remedies, with guidance from the primary care physician. Stretching and strengthening exercises, along with the use of heel cups, resolve most plantar fasciitis cases and are at least as effective as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or steroid injections. Hallux rigidus is best managed with a hard-soled shoe or rigid insert that relieves pain by restricting motion across the metatarsophalangeal joint...
September 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215500/-effectiveness-of-tibio-talo-calcaneal-arthrodesis-with-full-thread-headless-compression-screws-via-combined-minimal-incisions
#18
Mingyu Yang, Meiming Xie, Jicheng Gong, Binghua Zhou, Miduo Mu, Yonghua Chen, Kanglai Tang
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of tibio-talo-calcaneal arthrodesis with full thread headless compression screws via combined minimal incisions. Methods: Between January 2012 and December 2016, 36 patients (36 feet) with ankle diseases underwent tibio-talo-calcaneal arthrodesis with parallel double thread headless compression screws via minimal anterior and lateral oblique incisions. There were 14 males and 22 females with an average age of 53.8 years (mean, 18-76 years)...
October 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215497/-treatment-of-rigid-congenital-clubfoot-with-ilizarov-technique-in-older-children
#19
Hang Liu, Ming Li, Xing Liu, Cong Luo, Yujiang Cao, Chuankang Liu, Xiangyang Qu
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of Ilizarov technique in treatment of rigid congenital clubfoot in older children. Methods: A clinical data of 55 patients (69 feet) with rigid congenital clubfoot (Diméglio grade Ⅳ) between September 2005 and September 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 33 boys and 22 girls with an average age of 11 years (mean, 6-14 years). There were 41 cases of unilateral clubfoot and 14 cases of bilateral clubfeet. The degree of foot deformity was rated as fair in 24 feet and as poor in 45 feet according to International Clubfoot Study Group Score (ICFSG) before operation...
October 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215494/-effectiveness-comparison-of-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-for-open-and-closed-ankle-logsplitter-fractures
#20
Yi Ren, Shizhou Wu, Wei Deng, Runlai Song, Hongxian Dong, Yaxing Li, Yu Chen, Yunjie Liu, Fuguo Huang, Hui Zhang
Objective : To investigate the effectiveness of open reduction and internal fixation on high-energy ankle Logsplitter injuries (a kind of transsyndesmotic ankle fracture dislocation), and compare the prognosis between open and closed Logsplitter fracture. Methods: The clinical data of 36 Logsplitter fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation between April 2011 and May 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 15 cases were open fracture and dislocation (open group) and 21 cases were closed fracture and dislocation (closed group)...
October 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
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