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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050417/influence-of-swimming-time-in-alleviating-the-deleterious-effects-of-hot-summer-on-growing-muscovy-duck-performance
#1
Mohamed F A Farghly, Khalid M Mahrose, Zafar Ullah, Zaib Ur Rehman, Chan Ding
This experiment was conducted to observe the effects of varying swimming times (ST) of Muscovy ducks, raised in an open-sided house, in alleviating the deleterious effects of high temperature in hotter times of the day in the summer season on growth performance (body weight, average daily gain, feed consumption, and feed conversion ratio), carcass characteristics, body temperature, and some health aspects. We hypothesized that swimming times during the hottest periods of the day would show different performances...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050408/effect-of-space-allowance-and-cage-size-on-laying-hens-housed-in-furnished-cages-part-i-performance-and-well-being
#2
T M Widowski, L J Caston, M E Hunniford, L Cooley, S Torrey
There are few published data on the effects of housing laying hens at different densities in large furnished cages (FC; a.k.a. enriched colony cages). The objective of this study was to determine the effects of housing laying hens at 2 space allowances (SA) in 2 sizes of FC on measures of production and well-being. At 18 wk of age, 1,218 LSL-Lite hens were housed in cages furnished with a curtained nesting area, perches, and scratch mat, and stocked at either 520 cm2 (Low) or 748 cm2 (High) total floor space...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049573/management-of-a-diabetic-foot
#3
Theodore Hart, Ross Milner, Adam Cifu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049388/an-inducible-mouse-model-of-podocin-mutation-related-nephrotic-syndrome
#4
Mansoureh Tabatabaeifar, Tanja Wlodkowski, Ivana Simic, Helga Denc, Geraldine Mollet, Stefanie Weber, John Julius Moyers, Barbara Brühl, Michael Joseph Randles, Rachel Lennon, Corinne Antignac, Franz Schaefer
Mutations in the NPHS2 gene, encoding podocin, cause hereditary nephrotic syndrome. The most common podocin mutation, R138Q, is associated with early disease onset and rapid progression to end-stage renal disease. Knock-in mice carrying a R140Q mutation, the mouse analogue of human R138Q, show developmental arrest of podocytes and lethal renal failure at neonatal age. Here we created a conditional podocin knock-in model named NPHS2 R140Q/-, using a tamoxifen-inducible Cre recombinase, which permits to study the effects of the mutation in postnatal life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049259/the-association-between-tinea-pedis-and-feet-washing-behavior-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Kimie Takehara, Ayumi Amemiya, Yuko Mugita, Yuichiro Tsunemi, Yoko Seko, Yumiko Ohashi, Kohjiro Ueki, Takashi Kadowaki, Makoto Oe, Takashi Nagase, Mari Ikeda, Hiromi Sanada
OBJECTIVES: To examine the correlations between elements of feet-washing behavior, presence of tinea pedis (TP), and patients' background characteristics in order to identify a concrete intervention method to prevent TP. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional study of 30 patients with diabetes (16 with TP) who were admitted to or visited the university hospital. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The presence of TP was confirmed by the detection of dermatophytes by direct microscopy...
November 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049244/isolated-heptadactylia-a-case-report-of-central-polydactyly-of-the-foot
#6
Nicolas Piette, Pierre-Yves Zambelli, Daniel N'Dele
RATIONALE: Heptadactylia is a rare congenital disorder from the polydactyly family. Polydactyly is generally classified into 3 major groups: preaxial (medial ray), postaxial (lateral ray), and central polydactyly. Most common cases are related to preaxial or postaxial polydactyly. The rarity of central polydactyly can be explained in 3 ways. First, central polydactyly with duplication appearing on metatarsal is pretty uncommon. Second, the duplication appears isolated on the foot. Polydactyly is mostly associated with other physical defects or others duplications...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049234/case-report-features-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-in-neonates
#7
Wen-Wen Chen, Zhao-Bin Yang, Lian-Shu Lian, Li-Ping Xu
RATIONALE: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is caused by enterovirus. The virus may exist in secretions. PATIENT CONCERNS: Five neonates had symptoms of fever and maculopapular rashes involving face, trunk, breech, arms, and legs, especially scattering on palms and feet. Blood, oropharyngeal fluid, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were collected and detected for further diagnoses with the consent of the infants' parents. Some of them suffered aseptic meningitis...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049055/oxidized-regenerated-cellulose-collagen-dressings-review-of-evidence-and-recommendations
#8
Stephanie Wu, Andrew J Applewhite, Jeffrey Niezgoda, Robert Snyder, Jayesh Shah, Breda Cullen, Gregory Schultz, Janis Harrison, Rosemary Hill, Melania Howell, Marcus Speyrer, Howard Utra, Jean de Leon, Wayne Lee, Terry Treadwell
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare systems are being challenged to manage increasing numbers of nonhealing wounds. Wound dressings are one of the first lines of defense in wound management, and numerous options exist. The oxidized regenerated cellulose (ORC)/collagen dressing may offer healthcare providers a robust and cost-effective tool for use in a variety of wounds. DESIGN: A multidisciplinary panel meeting was convened to discuss the use of ORC/collagen dressings in wound care and provide practice recommendations...
November 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049009/seroepidemiology-of-coxsackievirus-b5-in-infants-and-children-in-jiangsu-province-china
#9
Fan Gao, Lianlian Bian, Xiaotian Hao, Yalin Hu, Xin Yao, Shiyang Sun, Pan Chen, Ce Yang, Ruixiao Du, Jingxin Li, Fengcai Zhu, Qunying Mao, Zhenglun Liang
Coxsackievirus B5 (CV-B5) is associated with various human diseases such as viral encephalitis, aseptic meningitis, paralysis, herpangina, and hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). However, there is currently no effective vaccine against CV-B5.The seroepidemiologic characteristics of CV-B5 remained unknown. A cohort study was carried out in 176 participants aged 6-35 months from January 2012 to January 2014. The serum samples were collected and tested for CV-B5 neutralizing antibodies (NtAbs) four times during these two years...
October 19, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047517/relationship-between-foot-eversion-and-thermographic-foot-skin-temperature-after-running
#10
Jose Ignacio Priego Quesada, Marina Gil-Calvo, Irene Jimenez-Perez, Ángel G Lucas-Cuevas, Pedro Pérez-Soriano
The main instruments to assess foot eversion have some limitations (especially for field applications), and therefore it is necessary to explore new methods. The objective was to determine the relationship between foot eversion and skin temperature asymmetry of the foot sole (difference between medial and lateral side), using infrared thermography. Twenty-two runners performed a running test lasting 30 min. Skin temperature of the feet soles was measured by infrared thermography before and after running. Foot eversion during running was measured by kinematic analysis...
July 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047337/prevalence-and-incidence-of-musculoskeletal-extremity-complaints-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#11
Signe Fuglkjær, Kristina Boe Dissing, Lise Hestbæk
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to gain an overview of musculoskeletal extremity complaints in childhood although this is essential to develop evidence-based prevention and treatment strategies. The objectives of this systematic review were therefore to describe the prevalence and incidence of musculoskeletal extremity complaints in children and adolescents in both general and clinical populations in relation to age, anatomical site and mode of onset. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were electronically searched; risk of bias was assessed; and data extraction was individually performed by two authors...
October 18, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047326/integrating-chws-as-part-of-the-team-leading-diabetes-group-visits-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-study
#12
Elizabeth M Vaughan, Craig A Johnston, Victor J Cardenas, Jennette P Moreno, John P Foreyt
Purpose The purpose of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of integrating Community Health Workers (CHWs) as part of the team leading diabetes group visits. Methods This was a randomized controlled study that integrated CHWs as part of the team leading diabetes group visits for low-income Hispanic adults (n = 50). Group visits met for 3 hours each month for a 6-month duration. Main measures included baseline and 6-month clinical outcomes (ie, A1C, lipids), concordance with 8 standard of care guidelines (ie, screens for cervical, breast, and colon cancer) from the US Preventive Task Force and American Diabetes Association, and participant acceptability...
October 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046724/the%C3%A2-integration-of-a-podiatrist-into-an-orthopaedic-department-a-cost-consequences-analysis
#13
Tom P Walsh, Linda R Ferris, Nancy C Cullen, Christopher H Brown, Cathy J Loughry, Nikki M McCaffrey
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-consequences of a podiatry-led triage clinic provided in an orthopaedic department relative to usual care for non-urgent foot and ankle complaints in an Australian tertiary care hospital. METHODS: All new, non-urgent foot and ankle patients seen in an outpatient orthopaedic department were included in this study. The patients seen between 2014 and 2015 by Orthopaedic Surgeons were considered 'usual care', the patients seen between 2015 and 2016 by a Podiatrist were considered the 'Podiatry Triage Clinic'...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046452/deep-sequencing-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-reveals-rna-sequences-involved-in-genome-packaging
#14
Grace Logan, Joseph Newman, Caroline F Wright, Lidia Lasecka-Dykes, Daniel T Haydon, Eleanor M Cottam, Tobias J Tuthill
Non-enveloped viruses protect their genomes by packaging them into an outer shell or capsid of virus-encoded proteins. Packaging and capsid assembly in RNA viruses can involve interactions between capsid proteins and secondary structures in the viral genome as exemplified by the RNA bacteriophage MS2 and as proposed for other RNA viruses of plants, animals and human. In the picornavirus family of non-enveloped RNA viruses, the requirements for genome packaging remain poorly understood. Here we show a novel and simple approach to identify predicted RNA secondary structures involved in genome packaging in the picornavirus foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV)...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046177/incidents-and-injuries-in-foot-launched-flying-extreme-sports
#15
Francesco Feletti, Andrea Aliverti, Maggie Henjum, Marco Tarabini, Eric Brymer
BACKGROUND: Participation rates in extreme sports have grown exponentially in the last 40 yr, often surpassing traditional sporting activities. The purpose of this study was to examine injury rates in foot-launched flying sports, i.e., sports in which a pilot foot-launches into flight with a wing already deployed. METHODS: This paper is based on a retrospective analysis of the reports of incidents that occurred between 2000 and 2014 among the British Hang Gliding and Paragliding Association members...
November 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046087/fine-wire-frame-foot-plate-positioning
#16
A King, N Ball, N Heidari, A Hughes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046049/treatment-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers-with-therapeutic-magnetic-resonance-tmr%C3%A2-improves-the-quality-of-granulation-tissue
#17
Letizia Ferroni, Chiara Gardin, Andrea De Pieri, Maria Sambataro, Elena Seganfreddo, Chiara Goretti, Elisabetta Iacopi, Barbara Zavan, Alberto Piaggesi
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) often result in severely adverse outcomes, such as serious infections, hospitalization, and lower extremity amputations. In last few years, to improve the outcome of DFUs, clinicians and researchers put their attention on the application of low intensity pulsating electro-magnetic fields through Therapeutic Magnetic Resonance (TMR®). In our study, patients with DFUs have been divided into two groups: The Sham Group treated with non-functioning TMR® device, and the Active Group treated with a functioning device...
August 7, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045899/early-transcriptional-divergence-marks-virus-specific-primary-human-cd8-t-cells-in-chronic-versus-acute-infection
#18
David Wolski, Peter K Foote, Diana Y Chen, Lia L Lewis-Ximenez, Catherine Fauvelle, Jasneet Aneja, Andreas Walker, Pierre Tonnerre, Almudena Torres-Cornejo, Daniel Kvistad, Sabrina Imam, Michael T Waring, Damien C Tully, Todd M Allen, Raymond T Chung, Jörg Timm, W Nicholas Haining, Arthur Y Kim, Thomas F Baumert, Georg M Lauer
Distinct molecular pathways govern the differentiation of CD8(+) effector T cells into memory or exhausted T cells during acute and chronic viral infection, but these are not well studied in humans. Here, we employed an integrative systems immunology approach to identify transcriptional commonalities and differences between virus-specific CD8(+) T cells from patients with persistent and spontaneously resolving hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection during the acute phase. We observed dysregulation of metabolic processes during early persistent infection that was linked to changes in expression of genes related to nucleosomal regulation of transcription, T cell differentiation, and the inflammatory response and correlated with subject age, sex, and the presence of HCV-specific CD4(+) T cell populations...
October 17, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045014/efficacy-and-toxicity-of-pegylated-liposomal-doxorubicin-based-chemotherapy-in-early-stage-breast-cancer-a-multicenter-retrospective-case-control-study
#19
Fu Ou Yang, Nicholas C Hsu, Sin-Hua Moi, Yin-Che Lu, Chia-Ming Hsieh, King-Jen Chang, Dar-Ren Chen, Chi-Wen Tu, Hwei-Chung Wang, Ming-Feng Hou
AIM: PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) has comparable efficacy and differing toxicity from conventional anthracyclines used to treat advanced breast cancer. This study compared disease-free survival and toxicity between PLD-based and conventional anthracycline-based regimens as adjuvant treatments for early-stage breast cancer. METHODS: We analyzed disease-free survival (DFS) rates, and adverse events in 102 women with early-stage (I-IIIa) breast cancer who received adjuvant PLD-based chemotherapy from 2002 to 2008...
October 18, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044139/diabetes-in-iran-prospective-analysis-from-first-nationwide-diabetes-report-of-national-program-for-prevention-and-control-of-diabetes-nppcd-2016
#20
Alireza Esteghamati, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad Haji Aghajani, Fatemeh Ghaemi, Jamshid Kermanchi, Ali Shahrami, Mohammad Saadat, Ensieh Nasli Esfahani, Morsaleh Ganji, Sina Noshad, Elias Khajeh, Alireza Ghajar, Behnam Heidari, Mohsen Afarideh, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Faramarz Ismail-Beigi
We estimated proportions of different types of diabetes, comorbidities, treatment (the use of oral glucose-lowering agents and insulin), control (hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia and hypertension) and chronic microvascular and macrovascular complications among people with diabetes presenting to the tertiary-care academic diabetes outpatient clinics in Iran. This study is the prospective analysis of data (n = 30,202) from the registry of university-affiliated adult outpatient diabetes clinics in the country during 2015-2016...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
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