keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric surgery quality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909229/functional-evaluation-of-bilateral-subtalar-arthroereisis-for-the-correction-of-flexible-flatfoot-in-children-1-year-follow-up
#1
Paolo Caravaggi, Giada Lullini, Lisa Berti, Sandro Giannini, Alberto Leardini
BACKGROUND: Flexible flatfoot (FFF) is a common alteration of the foot diagnosed in the pediatric population causing pain and decreased quality of life. Surgical treatment via arthroereisis of the subtalar joint can be recommended when non-invasive options do not result in sufficient pain relief. While clinical outcome of subtalar joint arthroereisis is generally positive, no functional evaluation has thus far been reported following surgery. RESEARCH QUESTION: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of two arthroereisis implants for the correction of bilateral FFF on foot and lower limb biomechanics during gait...
June 11, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891188/development-of-a-postoperative-care-pathway-for-children-with-renal-tumors
#2
A F Saltzman, J C Warncke, A N Colvin, A Carrasco, J P Roach, J L Bruny, N G Cost
PURPOSE: To identify the factors associated with a shorter postoperative stay, as an initial step to develop a care pathway for children undergoing extirpative kidney surgery. STUDY DESIGN: This study retrospectively reviewed patients managed with upfront open radical nephrectomy for renal tumors between 2005 and 2016 at a pediatric tertiary care facility. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were performed to identify factors associated with early discharge (by postoperative day 4)...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881715/an-update-from-the-pediatric-proton-consortium-registry
#3
Clayton B Hess, Daniel J Indelicato, Arnold C Paulino, William F Hartsell, Christine E Hill-Kayser, Stephanie M Perkins, Anita Mahajan, Nadia N Laack, Ralph P Ermoian, Andrew L Chang, Suzanne L Wolden, Victor S Mangona, Young Kwok, John C Breneman, John P Perentesis, Sara L Gallotto, Elizabeth A Weyman, Benjamin V M Bajaj, Miranda P Lawell, Beow Y Yeap, Torunn I Yock
Background/objectives: The Pediatric Proton Consortium Registry (PPCR) was established to expedite proton outcomes research in the pediatric population requiring radiotherapy. Here, we introduce the PPCR as a resource to the oncology community and provide an overview of the data available for further study and collaboration. Design/methods: A multi-institutional registry of integrated clinical, dosimetric, radiographic, and patient-reported data for patients undergoing proton radiation therapy was conceived in May 2010...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881194/evaluation-of-angle-trunk-rotation-measurements-to-improve-quality-and-safety-in-the-management-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#4
Jill E Larson, Maximilian A Meyer, Barrett Boody, John F Sarwark
Purpose: The evaluation, management and follow-up of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) occur frequently within a pediatric orthopedic surgery practice. Curve status can be assessed with Scoliometer measurements of angle trunk rotation (ATR), which are reliable and reproducible to within 3°. This study assessed the longitudinal efficacy, safety and cost savings of integrating ATR measurements to monitor curve status and progression in AIS, and suggests a quality-based management strategy...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877982/evaluating-the-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-pediatric-surgical-risk-calculator-for-pediatric-craniosynostosis-surgery
#5
Nisha Gadgil, I-Wen Pan, Solomon Babalola, Sandi Lam
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (NSQIP-P) risk calculator was developed based on national data. There have been no studies assessing the risk calculator's performance in pediatric neurosurgery. The authors aimed to evaluate the predictions from the risk calculator compared to our single institution experience in craniosynostosis surgery. METHODS: Outcomes from craniosynostosis surgeries performed between 2012 and 2016 at our academic pediatric hospital were evaluated using the NSQIP-P risk calculator...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874142/new-agents-emerging-late-effects-and-the-development-of-precision-survivorship
#6
Eric J Chow, Zoltan Antal, Louis S Constine, Rebecca Gardner, W Hamish Wallace, Brent R Weil, Jennifer M Yeh, Elizabeth Fox
Incremental improvements in the treatment of children and adolescents with cancer have led to 5-year survival rates reaching nearly 85%. In the past decade, impressive progress has been made in understanding the biology of many pediatric cancers. With that understanding, multiple new agents have become available that offer the promise of more-effective and less-toxic treatment. These include agents that target various cell surface antigens and engage the adaptive immune system, as well as those that interfere with key signaling pathways involved in tumor development and growth...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864070/reducing-readmissions-post-tonsillectomy-a-quality-improvement-study-on-intravenous-hydration
#7
Eileen Hession-Laband, Patrice Melvin, Herminia Shermont, Jane M Murphy, Bola Bukoye, Manali Amin
INTRODUCTION: Dehydration is a potentially preventable complication post-tonsillectomy and can result in an Emergency Department visit and/or readmission. Our objectives were to identify risk factors for dehydration readmissions and develop interventions to prevent them. METHODS: We used retrospective chart reviews to determine if increased intravenous (IV) hydration post-tonsillectomy prevented hospital readmissions for dehydration. All children aged 1-18 years who underwent tonsillectomy between July 1, 2007 and September 30, 2015 were included in this quality improvement study...
June 1, 2018: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863638/characteristics-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-use-in-pediatric-cardiac-icus-a-report-from-the-pediatric-cardiac-critical-care-consortium-registry
#8
Marissa A Brunetti, J William Gaynor, Lauren B Retzloff, Jessica L Lehrich, Mousumi Banerjee, Venugopal Amula, David Bailly, Darren Klugman, Josh Koch, Javier Lasa, Sara K Pasquali, Michael Gaies
OBJECTIVES: Cardiopulmonary failure in children with cardiac disease differs from the general pediatric critical care population, yet the epidemiology of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support in cardiac ICUs has not been described. We aimed to characterize extracorporeal membrane oxygenation utilization and outcomes across surgical and medical patients in pediatric cardiac ICUs. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium registry to describe extracorporeal membrane oxygenation frequency and outcomes...
June 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802465/the-effect-of-deformity-correction-on-psychiatric-condition-of-the-adolescent-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#9
Altuğ Duramaz, Semra Yılmaz, Nezih Ziroğlu, Burcu Bursal Duramaz, Tayfun Kara
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the effects of deformity correction on body image, quality of life, self-esteem, depression and anxiety in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who underwent surgery. METHODS: Between June 2014 and July 2015, 41 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for AIS were compared with the control group of 52 healthy patients regarding the changes in the pre- and postoperative quality of life and psychiatric status of patients with deformity correction...
May 25, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801659/process-measures-facilitate-maturation-of-pediatric-enhanced-recovery-protocols
#10
Ira L Leeds, Mitchell R Ladd, Margaret H Sundel, Melissa L Fannon, Jessica A George, Emily F Boss, Eric B Jelin
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The role of process measures used to predict quality in pediatric colorectal surgery enhanced recovery protocols has not been described. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of abstracting and monitoring process measures over protocol improvement iteration. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the Pediatric Colorectal Enhanced Recovery After Surgery pathway at our institution were grouped by stage of implementation. We used a quality improvement database to compare multistage enhanced recovery process measures and 30-day patient outcomes...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797064/dbs-in-pediatric-patients-institutional-experience
#11
Huseyin Canaz, Isik Karalok, Baris Topcular, Mert Agaoglu, Zuhal Yapici, Sabri Aydin
INTRODUCTION: DBS is initially used for treatment of essential tremor and Parkinson's disease in adults. In 1996, a child with severe life-threatening dystonia was offered DBS to the internal globus pallidus (GPi) with lasting efficacy at 20 years. Since that time, increasing number of children benefited from DBS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated our database of patients who underwent DBS from 2011 to 2017. All patients ≤ 17 years of age at the time of implantation of DBS were included in this series...
May 24, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794313/-ultrasound-aided-fixation-of-a-biodegradable-cranial-fixation-system-sonicweld-rx-sup-%C3%A2-sup-system-in-pediatric-neurosurgery
#12
Masaki Koh, Takuya Akai, Daina Kashiwazaki, Naoki Akioka, Takahiro Tomita, Shoichi Nagai, Satoshi Kuroda
PURPOSE: Ultrasound-aided fixation of a biodegradable cranial fixation system called SonicWeld Rx<sup>®</sup>, has been widely applied in the fields of craniofacial surgery and plastic surgery. However, there are few reports that denote its use in the field of neurosurgery. This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of SonicWeld Rx<sup>®</sup> system in pediatric neurosurgery. METHODS: This study included 11 pediatric patients(10 boys, 1 girl), who underwent craniotomy for moyamoya disease, brain tumor, and arachnoid cyst...
May 2018: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784455/incidence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-30-day-post-operative-venous-thromboembolism-a-nsqip-pediatric-analysis
#13
Jennifer J Ahn, Paul A Merguerian, Margarett Shnorhavorian
INTRO: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a rare event in children, but can cause significant morbidity and mortality. The majority of research on pediatric VTE has been in the trauma and critical care populations. The incidence of VTE after surgery in children is not well-established. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the incidence of VTE in the 30 days after surgery, as well as associated risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: All cases in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric (NSQIPP) database from 2012 to 2015 were assessed for presence of post-operative VTE...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780841/correlation-between-quality-of-evidence-and-number-of-citations-in-top-50-cited-articles-on-elbow-medial-ulnar-collateral-ligament-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Robert A Jack, Kyle R Sochacki, Hannah A Morehouse, Patrick C McCulloch, David M Lintner, Joshua D Harris
Background: Several studies have analyzed the most cited articles in shoulder, elbow, pediatrics, and foot and ankle surgery. However, no study has analyzed the quality of the most cited articles in elbow medial ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) surgery. Purpose: To (1) identify the top 50 most cited articles related to UCL surgery, (2) determine whether there was a correlation between the top cited articles and level of evidence, and (3) determine whether there was a correlation between study methodological quality and the top cited articles...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744478/relative-to-open-surgery-minimally-invasive-renal-and-ureteral-pediatric-surgery-offers-no-improvement-in-30-day-complications-yet-requires-longer-operative-time-data-from-the-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-pediatrics
#15
Marc Colaco, Austin Hester, William Visser, Alison Rasper, Ryan Terlecki
Purpose: Performance of minimally-invasive surgery (MIS) is increasing relative to open surgery. We sought to compare the contemporary rates of short-term complications of open versus laparoscopic renal and ureteral surgery in pediatric patients. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatrics database was performed of all cases in 2014 identified using CPT procedure codes for nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy (PN), ureteroneocystostomy (UNC), and pyeloplasty, and reviewed for postoperative complications...
May 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728760/is-surgery-a-risk-factor-for-separation-anxiety-in-children
#16
Muhammet Emin Naldan, Ali Karayagmurlu, Elif Oral Ahıskalıoglu, Mehmet Nuri Cevizci, Pelin Aydin, Duygu Kara
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative anxiety symptoms are distressing for both family and child. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of postoperative anxiety symptoms in children. METHODS: 60 children aged 6-12 undergoing surgery were included in the study group. The study group was assessed three times in terms of separation anxiety disorder (SAD), at the time of presentation, 1 and 3 months postoperatively. A personal information form and the SAD section of the K-SADS-PL on the basis of DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for screening SAD symptoms were used...
May 4, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727412/evidence-based-medicine-in-pediatric-orthopaedics-evidence-based-practice-committee-summary-of-levels-of-evidence-clinical-practice-guidelines-appropriate-use-criteria-and-best-practice-guidelines
#17
Jigar S Gandhi, Kevin G Shea, Paul D Sponseller, Brian K Brighton, Theodore J Ganley
The concept of evidence-based medicine has evolved over the past 2 decades, and has become a cornerstone to clinical decision-making in virtually every aspect of medicine. With a commitment to providing its members with high-quality evidence-based guidelines, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons has instituted concerted efforts since 2006 to develop clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) and appropriate use criteria (AUCs) for certain orthopaedic conditions. Many of these CPGs and AUCs detail the management of pediatric orthopaedic conditions...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697617/outpatient-versus-inpatient-primary-cleft-lip-and-palate-surgery-analysis-of-early-complications
#18
Rami S Kantar, Michael J Cammarata, William J Rifkin, Natalie M Plana, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Roberto L Flores
BACKGROUND: Fiscal constraints are driving shorter hospital lengths of stay. Outpatient primary cleft lip surgery has been shown to be safe, but outpatient primary cleft palate surgery remains controversial. This study evaluates outcomes following outpatient versus inpatient primary cleft lip and palate surgery. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric database was used to identify patients undergoing primary cleft lip and palate surgery between 2012 and 2015...
May 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685887/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-infants-and-children-with-cardiac-disease-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#19
REVIEW
Bradley S Marino, Sarah Tabbutt, Graeme MacLaren, Mary Fran Hazinski, Ian Adatia, Dianne L Atkins, Paul A Checchia, Allan DeCaen, Ericka L Fink, George M Hoffman, John L Jefferies, Monica Kleinman, Catherine D Krawczeski, Daniel J Licht, Duncan Macrae, Chitra Ravishankar, Ricardo A Samson, Ravi R Thiagarajan, Rune Toms, James Tweddell, Peter C Laussen
Cardiac arrest occurs at a higher rate in children with heart disease than in healthy children. Pediatric basic life support and advanced life support guidelines focus on delivering high-quality resuscitation in children with normal hearts. The complexity and variability in pediatric heart disease pose unique challenges during resuscitation. A writing group appointed by the American Heart Association reviewed the literature addressing resuscitation in children with heart disease. MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases were searched from 1966 to 2015, cross-referencing pediatric heart disease with pertinent resuscitation search terms...
May 29, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680415/home-antibiotics-at-discharge-for-pediatric-complicated-appendicitis-friend-or-foe
#20
K Tinsley Anderson, Marisa A Bartz-Kurycki, Akemi L Kawaguchi, Mary T Austin, Galit Holzmann-Pazgal, Lillian S Kao, Kevin P Lally, Kuojen Tsao
BACKGROUND: The role of home antibiotics (HA) at discharge in children after perforated appendicitis is unclear. This study evaluates the outcomes of complicated appendicitis in patients being discharged with or without HA after initial operation and inpatient treatment. STUDY DESIGN: The 2015 and 2016 NSQIP-Pediatric database was queried for patients younger than 18 years of age with complicated appendicitis. Home antibiotics were prescribed or not (no home antibiotics [NHA])...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
keyword
keyword
80297
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"