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quadriceps distension

Qiaoling Chen, Shuangying Huang, Xiaoli Chen, Lei Feng, Xuxia Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the clinical effect on swelling and pain after total knee arthroplasty treated with acupoint massage, mild moxibustion and routine detumescence. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 60 cases in each one. In the control group, after TKA, the routine detumescence was applied, including elastic bandage compression, the operated limb raising exercise, knee joint braking, local ice compress, intermittent pneumatic compression, active ankle pumping and quadriceps contraction exercise, continuous passive mechanical exercise, using stretch socks, oral administration of rivaroxaban tablets, 10 mg, once a day, continuously for 21 to 24 days...
May 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Santhosh Kuriakose, Syam Vikram, Surij Salih, Satheesan Balasubramanian, Nizamudeen Mangalasseri Pareekutty, Sangeetha Nayanar
Ancient Schwannoma, though benign, can cause diagnostic dilemma because of its clinical presentation and imaging features. We report the management of a giant retroperitoneal schwannoma in a 19-year-old young lady who presented with lower abdominal distension. CT scan reported a large heterogenous lesion in the abdominopelvic retroperitoneum (42 cm × 16 cm × 16 cm) as a malignant tumor. The unique problems we encountered were the enormous size, the location of major part of the tumor in the pelvis, the need for fertility preservation, the external iliac vessels stretching over the tumor making mobilization surgically demanding, and the prospects of neurological deficits...
2014: Case Reports in Medicine
M J Callaghan, M J Parkes, C E Hutchinson, D T Felson
OBJECTIVES: Arthrogenous muscle inhibition (AMI) is thought to contribute to quadriceps weakness in knee osteoarthritis (OA), but its relationship with structural changes of bone marrow lesions (BMLs), capsular distension and pain is unclear. This study's objective was to investigate the factors associated with AMI in subjects with symptomatic patellofemoral joint OA (PFJOA). DESIGN: 126 Subjects with predominant PFJOA were assessed for pain by the visual analogue scale (VAS) for a nominated aggravating activity...
June 2014: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Jerrold Scott Petrofsky, Michael Laymon, Haneul Lee
BACKGROUND: It is commonly believed in medicine that using heat will increase the distensability and flexibility of soft tissue. If true, increased flexibility would be a positive factor to reduce injuries in sports. However, cold should have the opposite effect and is often used to treat sports injuries. This study was accomplished to quantify the effect of heat and cold on the force needed to flex the knee and laxness of the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present study examined 20 male and female subjects to determine if heat would increase extensibility of the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments of the knee and reduce the force needed to flex the knee...
2013: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Takanobu Okamoto, Mitsuhiko Masuhara, Komei Ikuta
Flexibility is associated with arterial distensibility. Many individuals involved in sport, exercise, and/or fitness perform self-myofascial release (SMR) using a foam roller, which restores muscles, tendons, ligaments, fascia, and/or soft-tissue extensibility. However, the effect of SMR on arterial stiffness and vascular endothelial function using a foam roller is unknown. This study investigates the acute effect of SMR using a foam roller on arterial stiffness and vascular endothelial function. Ten healthy young adults performed SMR and control (CON) trials on separate days in a randomized controlled crossover fashion...
January 2014: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
J Hopkins, Christopher D Ingersoll, Jeffrey Edwards, Thomas E Klootwyk
OBJECTIVE: Arthrogenic muscle inhibition (AMI) is a presynaptic, ongoing reflex inhibition of joint musculature after distension or damage to the joint. The extent to which therapeutic interventions affect AMI is unknown. The purpose of this study was to verify that the vastus medialis (VM) is inhibited using the knee joint effusion model and to investigate the effects of cryotherapy and transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) on AMI using this model. DESIGN AND SETTING: A 3 x 6 analysis of variance was used to compare Hoffmann-reflex data for treatment groups (cryotherapy, TENS, and control) across time (preinjection, postinjection, and 15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes after injection)...
March 2002: Journal of Athletic Training
J P Fulkerson, R Langeland
The central quadriceps tendon, above the patella, is thicker and wider than the patella tendon. Using precise technique, one can obtain a tendon graft for cruciate reconstruction with 50% greater mass than a patellar tendon bone-tendon-bone graft of similar width. The central quadriceps tendon graft may be harvested by a second surgeon while the first surgeon is simultaneously accomplishing notch-plasty and tunnel placement for cruciate ligament reconstruction. Consequently, this cruciate ligament reconstruction graft offers time savings as well as greater tendon volume...
April 1995: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
W J Bilkey, T L Baxter, F J Kottke, M O Mundale
Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) is a familial connective tissue disorder characterized by marked joint hypermobility, skin hyperdistensibility and fragility. To determine the influence of connective tissue hyperdistensibility on muscle function, a young woman with classic EDS underwent extensive muscle function testing which included a controlled strengthening exercise program. Quantitative muscle strength testing revealed generalized muscle weakness characteristic of this disease. The strength-length relationship curve for quadriceps was shifted, implying an increased series elastic component of muscle...
September 1981: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
P Stratford
The purpose of the study was to describe the electrical activity of the vastus medialis, rectus femoris, and vastus lateralis muscles in subjects with normal knees and acute, severely effused knees when contracting maximally at 30 degrees and 0 degrees of knee flexion. Two groups identified were 1) an effused group (n=8) with subjects having one effused knee and one normal knee and 2) a normal group (n = 8) with subjects having two normal knees. The results were evaluated on two occasions by an observer who has unfamiliar with the groups to which the subjects belonged...
March 1982: Physical Therapy
L Wood, W R Ferrell, R H Baxendale
Pressures were recorded in ten knees from five subjects with informed consent. Resting intra-articular pressures were found to be sub-atmospheric with a mean value of -5 +/- 1.5 mmHg (S.E. of mean). There was little variation in intra-articular pressure with changing joint angle in the normal joint. Infusion of as small a volume as 5 ml of sterile saline into the joint cavity caused the intra-articular pressure to increase to supra-atmospheric levels. Changing joint angle now produced clear modulations in intra-articular pressure...
May 1988: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Physiology: An International Journal of the Physiological Society
J F Iles, M Stokes, A Young
(1) The spinal reflex actions of afferents stimulated by knee joint distension have been investigated in man. (2) Cannulation of the knee and infusion of saline raised intra-articular pressure, especially during quadriceps contraction. High pressures did not induce any sensation of pain. Pressure was taken as an index of joint proprioceptor activation. (3) Increased pressure progressively depressed the quadriceps H-reflex, both at rest and during quadriceps contraction. There was no indication of a threshold pressure for this inhibitory action...
September 1990: Clinical Physiology
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