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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087568/effect-of-specific-exercise-based-football-injury-prevention-programmes-on-the-overall-injury-rate-in-football-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-fifa-11-and-11-programmes
#1
Kristian Thorborg, Kasper Kühn Krommes, Ernest Esteve, Mikkel Bek Clausen, Else Marie Bartels, Michael Skovdal Rathleff
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of FIFA injury prevention programmes in football (FIFA 11 and FIFA 11+). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials comparing the FIFA injury prevention programmes with a control (no or sham intervention) among football players. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE via PubMed, EMBASE via OVID, CINAHL via Ebsco, Web of Science, SportDiscus and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, from 2004 to 14 March 2016...
January 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068152/effect-of-exposure-type-and-timing-of-injuries-in-division-i-college-football-a-4-year-single-program-analysis
#2
Michael K Krill, James R Borchers, Joshua T Hoffman, Rachel L Tatarski, Timothy E Hewett
BACKGROUND: Football players compete with a high risk of injury due to the sport. With the recent efforts to improve safety, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) established new terminology to clearly define exposure types and reduce the number of high contact exposures. OBJECTIVES: To compare football injury rates (IR) with a focus on game versus practice, time in season of injury, mechanism of injury and utilizing recent exposure types defined by the NCAA (live contact, full-pads and non-contact)...
January 9, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056179/descriptive-characteristics-of-concussions-in-national-football-league-games-2010-2011-to-2013-2014
#3
Michael D Clark, Breton M Asken, Stephen W Marshall, Kevin M Guskiewicz
BACKGROUND: Despite a high reported incidence rate of concussion, little is known about the on-field characteristics of injurious head impacts in National Football League (NFL) games. PURPOSE: To characterize on-field features (location, player position, and time during game) and biomechanical features (anticipation status, closing distance, impact location and type) associated with concussions in NFL games over a 4-season period (2010-2011 to 2013-2014). STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056008/traumatic-brain-and-spinal-cord-fatalities-among-high-school-and-college-football-players-united-states-2005-2014
#4
Kristen L Kucera, Rebecca K Yau, Johna Register-Mihalik, Stephen W Marshall, Leah C Thomas, Susanne Wolf, Robert C Cantu, Frederick O Mueller, Kevin M Guskiewicz
An estimated 1.1 million high school and 75,000 college athletes participate in tackle football annually in the United States. Football is a collision sport; traumatic injuries are frequent (1,2), and can be fatal (3). This report updates the incidence and characteristics of deaths caused by traumatic brain injury and spinal cord injury (4) in high school and college football and presents illustrative case descriptions. Information was analyzed from the National Center for Catastrophic Sport Injury Research (NCCSIR)...
January 6, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054391/head-injuries-in-children-s-football-results-from-two-prospective-cohort-studies-in-four-european-countries
#5
Oliver Faude, Roland Rössler, Astrid Junge, Karen Aus der Fünten, Jiri Chomiak, Evert Verhagen, Florian Beaudouin, Jiri Dvorak, Nina Feddermann-Demont
Head injuries are considered harmful in children. We analysed head and neck injuries in organised football in 7 to 12 year old children. Data for this analysis were obtained from a prospective cohort study over two consecutive football seasons in two European countries, and a randomised intervention trial over one season in four European countries. Football exposure and injuries were documented through an online database. Detailed information regarding injury characteristics and medical follow-up was retrieved from coaches, children and parents by phone...
January 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043957/computational-modelling-of-traumatic-brain-injury-predicts-the-location-of-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-pathology
#6
Mazdak Ghajari, Peter J Hellyer, David J Sharp
Traumatic brain injury can lead to the neurodegenerative disease chronic traumatic encephalopathy. This condition has a clear neuropathological definition but the relationship between the initial head impact and the pattern of progressive brain pathology is poorly understood. We test the hypothesis that mechanical strain and strain rate are greatest in sulci, where neuropathology is prominently seen in chronic traumatic encephalopathy, and whether human neuroimaging observations converge with computational predictions...
January 2, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017518/effectiveness-of-a-stress-management-pilot-program-aimed-at-reducing-the-incidence-of-sports-injuries-in-young-football-soccer-players
#7
Aurelio Olmedilla-Zafra, Victor J Rubio, Enrique Ortega, Alexandre García-Mas
OBJECTIVES: Several attempts to reduce the incidence of sport injuries using psychosocial interventions produced fruitful, although inconclusive results. This paper presents the effectiveness and implementation issues of a pilot 3-month stress-management and muscle relaxation program aimed at reducing sport injury incidence. DESIGN: Pre-post treatment-non treatment group comparison. PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION: The program was administered by a trained psychologist on a once-a-week, 1-h session basis...
September 6, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005635/longitudinal-body-composition-changes-in-ncaa-division-i-college-football-players
#8
Eric T Trexler, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, J Bryan Mann, Pat A Ivey, Katie R Hirsch, Meredith G Mock
Trexler, ET, Smith-Ryan, AE, Mann, JB, Ivey, PA, Hirsch, KR, and Mock, MG. Longitudinal body composition changes in NCAA Division I college football players. J Strength Cond Res 31(1): 1-8, 2017-Many athletes seek to optimize body composition to fit the physical demands of their sport. American football requires a unique combination of size, speed, and power. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate longitudinal changes in body composition in Division I collegiate football players. For 57 players (mean ± SD, age = 19...
January 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003238/calculating-acute-chronic-workload-ratios-using-exponentially-weighted-moving-averages-provides-a-more-sensitive-indicator-of-injury-likelihood-than-rolling-averages
#9
Nicholas B Murray, Tim J Gabbett, Andrew D Townshend, Peter Blanch
OBJECTIVE: To determine if any differences exist between the rolling averages and exponentially weighted moving averages (EWMA) models of acute:chronic workload ratio (ACWR) calculation and subsequent injury risk. METHODS: A cohort of 59 elite Australian football players from 1 club participated in this 2-year study. Global positioning system (GPS) technology was used to quantify external workloads of players, and non-contact 'time-loss' injuries were recorded. The ACWR were calculated for a range of variables using 2 models: (1) rolling averages, and (2) EWMA...
December 21, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002905/arthroscopic-all-inside-treatment-of-popliteomeniscal-fascicles-tears-surgical-technique-and-results-from-the-first-6-consecutive-patients
#10
R Simonetta, G Di Vico, R Papalia, S Vasta, V Denaro
Athletes whose knees are subjected to sudden changes of direction and high jumps such as martial arts athletes, dancers, wrestlers and football players are at higher risk of injuring popliteomeniscal fascicles. Painful squatting and mechanical symptoms such as locking sensation are common. Current available treatments includes open or arthroscopic in repair. Arthroscopic repair with all-inside device can relieve symptoms and restore knee function. Six patients from two surgical centers with isolated popliteomeniscal fascicles tears were treated with arthroscopic all-inside repair...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999726/acute-tearing-of-the-oblique-abdominal-wall-insertion-onto-the-iliac-crest-in-an-australian-football-player-a-case-report
#11
Myles Murphy, Marshall Stockden, Bill Breidahl
BACKGROUND: Tears of the abdominal obliques have previously been reported in the vicinity of the lower ribs but they have not been reported in the vicinity of the iliac crest. The purpose of this case report is to describe the mechanism of injury and diagnosis of a distal abdominal oblique tear and subsequent rehabilitation programming. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21-year-old male Australian football player experienced acute right-sided abdominal pain during a game while performing a commonly executed rotation skill...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999720/changes-in-dynamic-balance-and-hip-strength-after-an-eight-week-conditioning-program-in-ncaa-division-i-female-soccer-football-athletes
#12
Brandon M Ness, Brett A Comstock, William E Schweinle
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity injury commonly affects female soccer athletes. Decreased dynamic balance and hip strength are identified risk factors for lower extremity injury. Little is known about how these factors adapt to a training stimulus in this population. PURPOSE: To retrospectively investigate changes in lower extremity dynamic balance and isometric hip strength in Division I collegiate female soccer athletes after participating in an eight-week strength and conditioning program...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996092/maxillofacial-injuries-among-national-collegiate-athletic-association-ncaa-athletes-2004-to-2014
#13
Stephen R Chorney, Lindsay Sobin, Parul Goyal, Amar C Suryadevara
OBJECTIVE: Participation in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports increases annually, yet the risk of maxillofacial injuries among these athletes is unknown. We report the incidence and trends in maxillofacial injuries among NCAA athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of the NCAA Injury Surveillance System (ISS) representing athletes from seven men's and eight women's sports across Divisions 1, 2, and 3. Incidence of maxillofacial injuries by sport, gender, anatomic location, and injuries requiring surgery were measured...
December 20, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992287/evaluating-postural-control-and-ankle-laxity-between-taping-and-high-top-cleats-in-high-school-football-players
#14
Douglas A Pizac, Charles B Swanik, Joseph J Glutting, Thomas W Kaminski
CONTEXT: Lateral ankle sprains are the most common injuries in high school sports. While ankle taping is a preferred method of external prophylactic support, its restrictive properties decline during exercise. The Under Armour® Highlight cleat is marketed on the premise that it provides added support without the need for additional ankle taping. OBJECTIVE: To determine if differences in ankle joint laxity and postural control exist between football players wearing the Under Armour® Highlight cleat (Baltimore, MD) as compared to a low/mid-top cleat with ankle tape...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992281/analysis-of-gauntlet-test-performance-and-injury-risk-in-intercollegiate-division-i-female-soccer-football-players-a-retrospective-study
#15
Brandon M Ness, Kory Zimney, William E Schweinle
CONTEXT: Injury risk factors and relevant assessments have been identified in women's soccer athletes. Other tests assess fitness, e.g. the Gauntlet Test (GT). However, little empirical support exists for the utility of the GT to predict time loss injury. OBJECTIVES: To examine the GT as a predictor of injury in intercollegiate Division I female soccer athletes. DESIGN: Retrospective, non-experimental descriptive cohort study. SETTING: College athletic facilities...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988791/semimembranosus-muscle-herniation-a-rare-case-with-emphasis-on-muscle-biomechanics
#16
Lena Naffaa, Hicham Moukaddam, Mohammad Samim, Aaron Lemieux, Edward Smitaman
Muscle herniations are rare and most reported cases involve muscles of the lower leg. We use a case of muscle herniation involving the semimembranosus muscle, presenting as a painful mass in an adolescent male after an unspecified American football injury, to highlight a simple concept of muscle biomechanics as it pertains to muscle hernia(s): decreased traction upon muscle fibers can increase conspicuity of muscle herniation(s)-this allows a better understanding of the apt provocative maneuvers to employ, during dynamic ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging, in order to maximize diagnostic yield and, thereby, limit patient morbidity related to any muscle herniation...
December 17, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981993/facial-fractures-in-football-incidence-site-and-mechanism-of-injury
#17
(no author information available yet)
'...the headgear is for the protection of the opposing player...' and not necessarily for the player wearing it.
December 16, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975072/evaluation-of-shoulder-stabilizing-braces-can-we-prevent-shoulder-labrum-injury-in-collegiate-offensive-linemen
#18
Hayden P Baker, Vehniah K Tjong, Kevin F Dunne, Tory R Lindley, Michael A Terry
BACKGROUND: Shoulder injuries remain one of the most common injuries among collegiate football athletes. Offensive linemen in particular are prone to posterior labral pathology. PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of shoulder bracing in collegiate offensive linemen with respect to injury prevention, severity, and lost playing time. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Offensive linemen at a single collegiate institution wore bilateral shoulder-stabilizing braces for every contact practice and game beginning in the spring of 2013...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940573/knee-osteoarthritis-is-associated-with-previous-meniscus-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-surgery-among-elite-college-american-football-athletes
#19
Matthew V Smith, Jeffrey J Nepple, Rick W Wright, Matthew J Matava, Robert H Brophy
BACKGROUND: Football puts athletes at risk for knee injuries such meniscus and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, which are associated with the development of osteoarthritis (OA). Previous knee surgery, player position, and body mass index (BMI) may be associated with knee OA. HYPOTHESIS: In elite football players undergoing knee magnetic resonance imaging at the National Football League's Invitational Combine, the prevalence of knee OA is associated with previous knee surgery and BMI...
December 9, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940514/should-school-boards-discontinue-support-for-high-school-football
#20
Lewis H Margolis, Greg Canty, Mark Halstead, John D Lantos
A pediatrician is asked by her local school board to help them decide whether to discontinue their high school football program. She reviews the available evidence on the risks of football and finds it hopelessly contradictory. Some scholars claim that football is clearly more dangerous than other sports. Others suggest that the risks of football are comparable to other sports, such as lacrosse, ice hockey, or soccer. She finds very little data on the long-term sequelae of concussions. She sees claims that good coaching and a school culture that prioritizes the health of athletes over winning can reduce morbidity from sports injuries...
January 2017: Pediatrics
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