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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335478/lactational-stage-of-pasteurized-human-donor-milk-contributes-to-nutrient-limitations-for-infants
#1
Christina J Valentine, Georgia Morrow, Amanda Reisinger, Kelly A Dingess, Ardythe L Morrow, Lynette K Rogers
BACKGROUND: Mother's own milk is the first choice for feeding preterm infants, but when not available, pasteurized human donor milk (PDM) is often used. Infants fed PDM have difficulties maintaining appropriate growth velocities. To assess the most basic elements of nutrition, we tested the hypotheses that fatty acid and amino acid composition of PDM is highly variable and standard pooling practices attenuate variability; however, total nutrients may be limiting without supplementation due to late lactational stage of the milk...
March 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335271/distribution-of-iron-oxide-core-titanium-dioxide-shell-nanoparticles-in-vx2-tumor-bearing-rabbits-introduced-by-two-different-delivery-modalities
#2
Tamer Refaat, Derek West, Samar El Achy, Vamsi Parimi, Jasmine May, Lun Xin, Kathleen R Harris, William Liu, Michael Beau Wanzer, Lydia Finney, Evan Maxey, Stefan Vogt, Reed A Omary, Daniele Procissi, Andrew C Larson, Tatjana Paunesku, Gayle E Woloschak
This work compares intravenous (IV) versus fluoroscopy-guided transarterial intra-catheter (IC) delivery of iron oxide core-titanium dioxide shell nanoparticles (NPs) in vivo in VX2 model of liver cancer in rabbits. NPs coated with glucose and decorated with a peptide sequence from cortactin were administered to animals with developed VX2 liver cancer. Two hours after NPs delivery tumors, normal liver, kidney, lung and spleen tissues were harvested and used for a series on histological and elemental analysis tests...
August 3, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335031/ethics-of-health-policy-and-systems-research-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#3
Bridget Pratt, Amy Paul, Adnan A Hyder, Joseph Ali
Health policy and systems research (HPSR) is increasingly funded and undertaken as part of health system strengthening efforts worldwide. HPSR ethics is also a relatively new and emerging field, with numerous normative and descriptive questions that have largely not been considered. Normative questions include what ethical principles and values should guide HPSR. Descriptive questions include what ethical concerns arise when conducting HPSR. A small but growing body of scholarly work characterizes the various ethics issues inherent in HPSR...
March 15, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334914/clinical-utility-of-a-self-administered-questionnaire-for-assessment-of-hereditary-gynecologic-cancer
#4
Kenta Masuda, Akira Hirasawa, Haruko Irie-Kunitomi, Tomoko Akahane, Arisa Ueki, Yusuke Kobayashi, Wataru Yamagami, Hiroyuki Nomura, Fumio Kataoka, Eiichiro Tominaga, Kouji Banno, Nobuyuki Susumu, Daisuke Aoki
Background: A patient's medical history and familial cancer history are important information for assessing the risk of hereditary cancer. We have generated a self-administered questionnaire for patients with gynecologic cancer. This pilot study analyzed the usefulness of this questionnaire and the rates of patients that meet the Society of Gynecologic Oncology criteria in ovarian cancer and endometrial cancer patients. Method: Ovarian or endometrial cancer patients were recruited for this study...
December 23, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334885/full-volume-isotonic-0-9-vs-two-thirds-volume-hypotonic-0-18-intravenous-maintenance-fluids-in-preventing-hyponatremia-in-children-admitted-to-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-a-randomized-controlled-study
#5
Raksha S K, B Dakshayani, Premalatha R
Background: : We aimed to compare the effect of two different intravenous fluid regimes on the incidence of hyponatremia in children. Methods: : Children 1 month to 18 years of age, admitted to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a tertiary care medical college hospital were randomized to receive either isotonic fluid (0.9% saline in 5% dextrose) at the standard maintenance rate or hypotonic fluid (0.18% saline in 5% dextrose) at two-thirds of the standard maintenance rate...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334789/comparative-evaluation-of-norovirus-infection-in-children-with-acute-gastroenteritis-by-rapid-immunochromatographic-test-rt-pcr-and-real-time-rt-pcr
#6
Kattareeya Kumthip, Pattara Khamrin, Wilaiporn Saikruang, Kanittapon Supadej, Hiroshi Ushijima, Niwat Maneekarn
Immunochromatographic (IC) test for norovirus detection is a rapid and simple detection method. This study evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of a recent version of R-Biopharm RIDA®QUICK Norovirus IC assay for norovirus detection in fecal specimens from children hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis. Fecal specimens were tested by IC kit in comparison with gold standard reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and real-time RT-PCR. The IC kit showed high sensitivity and specificity comparable with PCR-based methods...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334664/high-rate-nitrogen-removal-by-anammox-internal-circulation-reactor-ic-for-old-landfill-leachate-treatment
#7
The Nhat Phan, Thi Thanh Van Truong, Nhu Biec Ha, Phuoc Dan Nguyen, Xuan Thanh Bui, Bao Trong Dang, Van Tuan Doan, Joonhong Park, Wenshan Guo, Huu Hao Ngo
This study aimed to evaluate the performance of a high rate nitrogen removal lab-scale ANAMMOX reactor, namely Internal Circulation (IC) reactor, for old landfill leachate treatment. The reactor was operated with pre-treated leachate from a pilot Partial Nitritation Reactor (PNR) using a high nitrogen loading rate ranging from 2 to 10kgNm(-3)d(-1). High rate removal of nitrogen (9.52±1.11kgNm(-3)d(-1)) was observed at an influent nitrogen concentration of 1500mgNL(-1). The specific ANAMMOX activity was found to be 0...
February 28, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334564/data-driven-implementation-of-alarm-reduction-interventions-in-a-cardiovascular-surgical-icu
#8
Sharon H Allan, Peter A Doyle, Adam Sapirstein, Maria Cvach
BACKGROUND: Alarm fatigue in the ICU setting has been well documented in the literature. The ICU's high-intensity environment requires staff's vigilant attention, and distraction from false and non-actionable alarms pulls staff away from important tasks, creates dissatisfaction, and is a potential patient safety risk if alarms are missed or ignored. This project was intended to improve patient safety by optimizing alarm systems in a cardiovascular surgical intensive care unit (CVSICU)...
February 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334490/mr-cholangiography-in-potential-liver-donors-quantitative-and-qualitative-improvement-with-administration-of-an-oral-effervescent-agent
#9
Heon-Ju Kwon, Kyoung Won Kim, Sang Hyun Choi, Jin-Hee Jung, So Yeon Kim, Se-Young Kim, Jeongjin Lee, Dong-Hwan Jung, Tae-Yong Ha, Gi-Won Song, Sung-Gyu Lee
PURPOSE: To determine whether an oral effervescent agent improves magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) images, both qualitatively and quantitatively, in potential live liver donors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the Institutional Review Board, and informed consent was waived. Seventy potential liver donors underwent 2D MRC before and after administration of an oral effervescent agent. One radiologist measured relative contrast ratio (rC) and relative signal intensity (rS) for right and left intrahepatic ducts (RHD and LHD), and common hepatic duct (CHD)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334482/minimising-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-clabsis-rate-in-inserting-central-venous-catheters-cvcs-in-the-adult-intensive-care-units-aicus
#10
REVIEW
Hedaya Hina, Joan McDowell
AIM: To investigate the procedural aspects in inserting central venous catheters that minimise central line associated bloodstream infections rates in adult intensive care units through a structured literature review. BACKGROUND: In adult intensive care units (AICU), central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) are a major cause of high mortality rates and increased in costs due to the consequences of complications. METHODS: Eligible articles were identified by combining indexed keywords using Boolean operator of "AND" under databases of Ovid and CINAHL...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334399/association-of-hiv-status-with-local-immune-response-to-anal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-implications-for-immunotherapy
#11
Elizabeth L Yanik, Genevieve J Kaunitz, Tricia R Cottrell, Farah Succaria, Tracee L McMiller, Maria L Ascierto, Jessica Esandrio, Haiying Xu, Aleksandra Ogurtsova, Toby Cornish, Evan J Lipson, Suzanne L Topalian, Eric A Engels, Janis M Taube
Importance: The programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway play an important immunosuppressive role in cancer and chronic viral infection, and have been effectively targeted in cancer therapy. Anal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is associated with both human papillomavirus and HIV infection. To date, patients with HIV have been excluded from most trials of immune checkpoint blocking agents, such as anti-PD-1 and anti-PD-L1, because it was assumed that their antitumor immunity was compromised compared with immunocompetent patients...
March 23, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334060/bone-repair-process-in-defects-of-diabetic-rats-filled-with-autogenous-bone-graft-and-covered-with-homogenous-bone-matrix-membrane-or-polytetrafluoroethylene-membrane
#12
Carlos Alberto Timóteo, Alessandra Marcondes Aranega, Elio Hitoshi Shinohara, Juliana Zorzi Coléte
PURPOSE: To analyze the process of repair of bone defects in diabetic rats filled with autogenous bone and covered with membranes of homogenous bone matrix or expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty male rats were divided into two groups: group 1 (IC), without systemic alterations (control), received an intravenous injection of citrate buffer at 0.01 M, pH 4.5; group 2 (IID) (diabetic) received an intravenous injection of streptozotocin (Sigma-Aldrich) dissolved in 0...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333913/tuberculosis-among-foreign-born-persons-diagnosed-%C3%A2-10-years-after-arrival-in-the-united-states-2010-2015
#13
Clarisse A Tsang, Adam J Langer, Thomas R Navin, Lori R Armstrong
The majority of tuberculosis (TB) cases in the United States are attributable to reactivation of latent TB infection (LTBI) (1). LTBI refers to the condition when a person is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis without signs and symptoms, or radiographic or bacteriologic evidence of TB disease. CDC and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommend screening populations at increased risk for LTBI, including persons who have lived in congregate settings at high risk and persons who were born in, or are former residents of countries with TB incidence ≥20 cases per 100,000 population (2-4)...
March 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333863/intensive-care-solely-to-facilitate-organ-donation-new-challenges
#14
Helen Opdam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333788/nursing-interruptions-in-a-trauma-intensive-care-unit-a-prospective-observational-study
#15
Nicole C Craker, Robert A Myers, Jessy Eid, Priti Parikh, Mary C McCarthy, Kathy Zink, Pratik J Parikh
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to identify and analyze elements that affect duration of an interruption and likelihood of activity switch as experienced by nurses in an ICU. BACKGROUND: Although interruptions in the ICU impact patient safety, little is known regarding the complex situations that drive them. METHODS: RNs were observed in a 23-bed surgical ICU. We observed 206 interruptions, and analyzed for duration and activity switch...
April 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333770/the-diagnostic-yield-of-upper-and-lower-gastrointestinal-endoscopies-in-children-in-a-tertiary-centre
#16
M Thomson, S Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopy is integral to the diagnosis and management of many gastrointestinal problems in children. Recently the number of endoscopic procedures performed has increased considerably worldwide raising questions about their appropriateness and cost-efficacy. OBJECTIVES: METHODS:: Random selection of cases from a theatre electronic database from a 30 month period covering April 2012 to October 2014. The data was collected for: initial presenting symptoms; age at diagnosis; indications for endoscopy; endoscopic findings; histopathological findings; and any change in management post-endoscopic procedure...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333709/mycobacterium-fortuitum-bloodstream-infection-in-a-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-neonate
#17
Kate Hodgson, Sandra Isabel, Patrick McNamara, Astrid Petrich, Ari Bitnun
Mycobacterium fortuitum is a rapidly growing Mycobacterium species that is a rare cause of disease, primarily in immunocompromised patients. We present a preterm very low birth weight neonate who developed M. fortuitum bloodstream infection, where 16S rDNA sequencing allowed accurate identification. Cure was achieved by line removal and adjuvant combination treatment with amikacin, ciprofloxacin and clarithromycin.
March 22, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333677/y-site-physical-compatibility-of-beta-blocker-infusions-with-intensive-care-unit-admixtures
#18
Jaime A Foushee, Pmichaele Meredith, Laura M Fox, EdwardE Grace
Parenteral beta-blocker therapy via continuous infusion has shown promising results for improved outcomes for patients with septic shock. As patients with septic shock may require multiple intravenous medications, compatibility is necessary to co-infuse these medications through a y-site connector. The purpose of this study was to examine the physical compatibility of select intravenous drugs used for patients with septic shock combined with various intravenous beta-blockers including esmolol, labetalol, and metoprolol through a simulated y-site infusion...
July 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333640/integrated-hifu-drive-system-on-a-chip-for-cmut-based-catheter-ablation-system
#19
Omid Farhanieh, Ali Sahafi, Rupak Bardhan Roy, Arif Sanli Ergun, Ayhan Bozkurt
Conventional High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) is a therapeutic modality which is extracorporeally administered. In applications where a relatively small HIFU lesion is required, an intravascular HIFU probe can be deployed to the ablation site. In this paper, we demonstrate the design and implementation a fully integrated HIFU drive system on a chip to be placed on a 6 Fr catheter probe. An 8-element capacitive micromachined ultrasound transducer (CMUT) ring array of 2 mm diameter has been used as the ultrasound source...
March 20, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333617/yellow-fever-in-a-traveller-returning-from-suriname-to-the-netherlands-march-2017
#20
Marjan Wouthuyzen-Bakker, Marjolein Knoester, Aad P van den Berg, Corine H GeurtsvanKessel, Marion Pg Koopmans, Coretta Van Leer-Buter, Bob Oude Velthuis, Suzan D Pas, Wilhelmina Lm Ruijs, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Stephen Gs Vreden, Tjip S van der Werf, Chantal Bem Reusken, Wouter Fw Bierman
A Dutch traveller returning from Suriname in early March 2017, presented with fever and severe acute liver injury. Yellow fever was diagnosed by (q)RT-PCR and sequencing. During hospital stay, the patient's condition deteriorated and she developed hepatic encephalopathy requiring transfer to the intensive care. Although yellow fever has not been reported in the last four decades in Suriname, vaccination is recommended by the World Health Organization for visitors to this country.
March 16, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
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