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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019045/autonomic-modulation-for-the-treatment-of-ventricular-arrhythmias-therapeutic-use-of-percutaneous-stellate-ganglion-blocks
#1
Marat Fudim, Richard Boortz-Marx, Chetan B Patel, Albert Y Sun, Jonathan P Piccini
Ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular fibrillation (VF) and electrical storm are commonly encountered emergency conditions in cardiac and surgical intensive care units. In most cases, recurrent ventricular arrhythmias or electrical storm are associated with a heightened sympathetic tone. These arrhythmias can be difficult to treat and may be refractory to beta-blockade, antiarrhythmic therapy, sedation, and mechanical hemodynamic support. While monomorphic ventricular tachycardia and PVC-triggered polymorphic ventricular tachycardia may sometimes be amenable to successful ablation, some patients may be too critically ill to make such an approach feasible...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988406/diabetes-impairs-arterio-venous-specification-in-engineered-vascular-tissues-in-a-perivascular-cell-recruitment-dependent-manner
#2
Wafa Altalhi, Xuetao Sun, Jeremy M Sivak, Mansoor Husain, Sara S Nunes
Cell-based tissue engineering is a potential treatment alternative for organ replacement. However, the lack of a robust vasculature, especially in the context of diseases such as diabetes, is a major hindrance to its success. Despite extensive research on the effects of diabetes in angiogenic sprouting, its effects on vessel arterio-venous (AV) specification have not been addressed. Using an engineered tissue that yields functional vessels with characteristic AV identities, we demonstrate that type 1 diabetes negatively affects vessel AV specification and perivascular cell (PVC) coverage...
March 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986936/quarantine-treatments-of-imported-nursery-plants-and-exported-cut-flowers-by-phosphine-gas-ph3-as-methyl-bromide-alternative
#3
Bong Su Kim, Chung Gyoo Park, Young Mi Moon, Bo Kyung Sung, Yonglin Ren, Stephen J Wylie, Byung Ho Lee
Quarantine treatments by phosphine (PH3) gas have been performed to replace methyl bromide (MeBr) for export cut flowers and imported nursery plant in Korea. In this preliminary study, two dominant insect pests of cut flowers, Tetranychus urticae Koch and Frankliniella occidentalis Pergande, and the dominant insect pest of nursery plants, Planococcus citri Risso, were used to certify optimum concentration and fumigation time, along with evaluation of phytotoxic damages. To validate the results of preliminary tests, quarantine treatments for export cut flowers was performed in a 58-m(3) reefer container...
December 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943143/heterogeneous-nano-fe-ca-cao-catalytic-ozonation-for-selective-surface-hydrophilization-of-plastics-containing-brominated-and-chlorinated-flame-retardants-b-cfrs-separation-from-automobile-shredder-residue-by-froth-flotation
#4
Srinivasa Reddy Mallampati, Byoung Ho Lee, Yoshiharu Mitoma, Cristian Simion
One method of weakening the inherently hydrophobic surface of plastics relevant to flotation separation is heterogeneous nano-Fe/Ca/CaO catalytic ozonation. Nano-Fe/Ca/CaO-catalyzed ozonation for 15 min efficiently decreases the surface hydrophobicity of brominated and chlorinated flame retardant (B/CFR)-containing plastics (such as acrylonitrile-butadienestyrene (ABS), high-impact polystyrene (HIPS), and polyvinyl chloride (PVC)) in automobile shredder residue (ASR) to such an extent that their flotation ability is entirely depressed...
December 9, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867290/ranolazine-is-an-effective-and-safe-treatment-of-adults-with-symptomatic-premature-ventricular-contractions-due-to-triggered-ectopy
#5
Gary L Murray
Early and delayed afterdepolarizations (EAD/DAD) cause triggered ventricular ectopy. Because ranolazine (RAN) suppresses EAD/DAD, we postulated that RAN might be effective in reducing premature ventricular contractions (PVCs). To assess the effect of RAN in patients with symptomatic PVCs due to triggered ectopy and its safety and tolerability. A total of 59 patients with symptomatic PVCs were identified from full-disclosure Holters. Doses of 500 and 1,000 mg offlabel RAN, daily, were given to 34 and 66% patients, respectively, and repeat Holters were performed prospectively during mean followup of 3...
December 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865648/-related-factors-with-extravasation-of-non-cytostatic-agents-in-peripheral-vein-catheters
#6
Cristina Fernández-García, Esther Mata-Peón, Sara Avanzas-Fernández
OBJECTIVE: To know the independent variables related to the occurrence of extravasation in patients with peripheral vein catheters (PVC). MATERIAL AND METHOD: Retrospective study carried out in 6 longitudinal cuts between July 2013 an January 2014. A total of 1,442 PVC were reviewed, of which 730 met the inclusion criteria, and were divided into 2 groups: extravasation and not extravasation, with 365 cases each. The variables of age, gender, admission unit, catheter gauge, insertion site, previous insertion into the same limb, hospital unit where the insertion took place, communication difficulties, personal health history and analyzed parenterally drug administered were considered...
November 16, 2016: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836345/a-high-performance-protocol-for-extraction-of-microplastics-in-fish
#7
Ali Karami, Abolfazl Golieskardi, Cheng Keong Choo, Nicholas Romano, Yu Bin Ho, Babak Salamatinia
So far, several classes of digesting solutions have been employed to extract microplastics (MPs) from biological matrices. However, the performance of digesting solutions across different temperatures has never been systematically investigated. In the first phase of the present study, we measured the efficiency of different oxidative agents (NaClO or H2O2), bases (NaOH or KOH), and acids [HCl or HNO3; concentrated and diluted (5%)] in digesting fish tissues at room temperature (RT, 25°C), 40, 50, or 60°C...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685976/improvements-in-permeation-and-fouling-resistance-of-pvc-ultrafiltration-membranes-via-addition-of-tetronic-1107-and-triton-x-100-as-two-non-ionic-and-hydrophilic-surfactants
#8
Hesamoddin Rabiee, S Mojtaba Seyedi, Hossein Rabiei, Negar Alvandifar
Two non-ionic and hydrophilic surfactant additives, Tetronic-1107 and Triton X-100, were added to poly(vinyl chloride)/NMP polymeric solution to prepare ultrafiltration membranes via immersion precipitation. Surfactants at three different weight percentages up to 6 wt% were added, and the fabricated membranes were characterized and their performance for water treatment in the presence of bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a foulant was assessed. The scanning electron microscopy images indicated remarkable changes in morphology due to higher thermodynamic instability after surfactant addition...
September 2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645241/endosomal-trafficking-defects-can-induce-calcium-dependent-azole-tolerance-in-candida-albicans
#9
Arturo Luna-Tapia, Hélène Tournu, Tracy L Peters, Glen E Palmer
The azole antifungals arrest fungal growth through inhibition of ergosterol biosynthesis. We recently reported that a Candida albicans vps21Δ/Δ mutant, deficient in membrane trafficking through the late endosome/prevacuolar compartment (PVC), continues to grow in the presence of the azoles despite the depletion of cellular ergosterol. Here, we report that the vps21Δ/Δ mutant exhibits less plasma membrane damage upon azole treatment than the wild type, as measured by the release of a cytoplasmic luciferase reporter into the culture supernatant...
December 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635788/fibre-type-dependent-response-of-broiler-muscles-to-dietary-antioxidant-supplementation-for-oxidative-stability-enhancement
#10
R M Delles, A D True, T Ao, K A Dawson, Y L Xiong
The influence of dietary antioxidants and quality of oil on the oxidative and physico-chemical properties of chicken broiler breast and thigh meat stored was studied in either an oxygen-enriched (HiOx: 80% O2/20% CO2) or an air-permeable polyvinylchloride (PVC) packaging system during retail display at 2-4°C for up to 14 and 7 d, respectively. Broilers were fed on a diet with either a low-oxidised (peroxide value (POV) 23 meq O2/kg) or a high-oxidised (POV 121 meq O2/kg) oil, supplemented with or without an algae/selenium-based antioxidant with organic minerals, for 42 d...
December 2016: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634280/quarantine-treatments-of-imported-nursery-plants-and-exported-cut-flowers-by-phosphine-gas-ph3-as-methyl-bromide-alternative
#11
Bong Su Kim, Chung Gyoo Park, Young Mi Moon, Bo Kyung Sung, Yonglin Ren, Stephen J Wylie, Byung Ho Lee
Quarantine treatments by phosphine (PH3) gas have been performed to replace methyl bromide (MeBr) for export cut flowers and imported nursery plant in Korea. In this preliminary study, two dominant insect pests of cut flowers, Tetranychus urticae Koch and Frankliniella occidentalis Pergande, and the dominant insect pest of nursery plants, Planococcus citri Risso, were used to certify optimum concentration and fumigation time, along with evaluation of phytotoxic damages. To validate the results of preliminary tests, quarantine treatments for export cut flowers was performed in a 58-m(3) reefer container...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619965/development-of-hydrophobicity-and-selective-separation-of-hazardous-chlorinated-plastics-by-mild-heat-treatment-after-pac-coating-and-froth-flotation
#12
Nguyen Thi Thanh Truc, Chi-Hyeon Lee, Byeong-Kyu Lee, Srinivasa Reddy Mallampati
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) containing chlorine can release highly toxic materials and persistent organic pollutants if improperly disposed of. The combined technique of powder activated carbon (PAC) coating and mild heat treatment has been found to selectively change the surface hydrophobicity of PVC, enhancing its wettability and thereby promoting its separation from heavy plastic mixtures included polycarbonate (PC), polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), polystyrene (PS) and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) by means of froth flotation...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614646/organic-materials-retain-high-proportion-of-protons-iron-and-aluminium-from-acid-sulphate-soil-drainage-water-with-little-subsequent-release
#13
Tan Dang, Luke M Mosley, Rob Fitzpatrick, Petra Marschner
When previously oxidised acid sulphate soils are leached, they can release large amounts of protons and metals, which threaten the surrounding environment. To minimise the impact of the acidic leachate, protons and metals have to be retained before the drainage water reaches surrounding waterways. One possible amelioration strategy is to pass drainage water through permeable reactive barriers. The suitability of organic materials for such barriers was tested. Eight organic materials including two plant residues, compost and five biochars differing in feedstock and production temperature were finely ground and filled into PVC cores at 3...
December 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603357/new-onset-ventricular-arrhythmias-post-radiofrequency-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#14
Lingmin Wu, Yanlai Lu, Yan Yao, Lihui Zheng, Gang Chen, Ligang Ding, Bingbo Hou, Yu Qiao, Wei Sun, Shu Zhang
As a new complication, new-onset ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) post atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation have not been well defined. This prospective study aimed to describe the details of new-onset VAs post AF ablation in a large study cohort.One thousand fifty-three consecutive patients who underwent the first radiofrequency catheter ablation for AF were enrolled. All patients had no evidence of pre-ablation VAs. New-onset VAs were defined as new-onset ventricular tachycardia (VT) or premature ventricular contractions (PVC) ≥1000/24 h within 1 month post ablation...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602948/sustainable-and-selective-separation-of-pvc-and-abs-from-a-weee-plastic-mixture-using-microwave-and-or-mild-heat-treatment-with-froth-flotation
#15
Nguyen Thi Thanh Truc, Byeong-Kyu Lee
This study reports simple, selective, and sustainable separation of chlorinated plastic (polyvinyl chloride, PVC) and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) containing brominated flame retardants (BFRs) from mixed waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) plastics using microwave and/or mild-heat treatment. Microwave treatment after plastic coating with powdered activated carbon (PAC) selectively increased the hydrophilicity of the PVC surface, which facilitated PVC separation (100% recovery and purity) from the WEEE plastic mixture under the optimum flotation conditions...
October 4, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597778/biofilm-growth-on-polyvinylchloride-surface-incubated-in-suboptimal-microbial-warm-water-and-effect-of-sanitizers-on-biofilm-removal-post-biofilm-formation
#16
Pramir Maharjan, Geraldine Huff, Wen Zhang, Susan Watkins
An in vitro experiment was conducted to understand the nature of biofilm growth on polyvinyl chloride (PVC) surface when exposed to suboptimal-quality microbial water (>4 log10 cfu/mL) obtained from a poultry drinking water source mimicking water in waterlines during the first week of poultry brooding condition. PVC sections (internal surface area of 15.16 cm(2)) were utilized in the study to grow biofilm. After a 7-d test period, test coupons with 7-day-old biofilm were transferred into autoclaved municipal water and then treated with either chlorine-based or hydrogen peroxide-based sanitizer at bird drinking water rate, to see the impact on removal of biofilm formed on test coupons...
January 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530889/validation-of-an-inanimate-low-cost-model-for-training-minimal-invasive-surgery-mis-of-esophageal-atresia-with-tracheoesophageal-fistula-ae-tef-repair
#17
Maximiliano Alejo Maricic, María Marcela Bailez, Susana P Rodriguez
UNLABELLED: We present the results of the validation of an inanimate model created for training thoracoscopic treatment of esophageal atresia with lower tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used different domestic materials such as a piece of wood (support), corrugated plastic tubes (PVC) of different sizes to simulate ribs, intercostal spaces, trachea and spine and tubular latex balloons to simulate the esophagus and lungs to make the basic model...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522301/ventricular-premature-contraction-associated-with-mitral-valve-prolapse
#18
Hong-TaoYuan, Mei Yang, Li Zhong, Ying-Hsiang Lee, Vaibhav R Vaidya, Samuel J Asirvatham, Michael J Ackerman, Sorin V Pislaru, Rakesh M Suri, Joshua P Slusser, David O Hodge, Yu-Tang Wang, Yong-Mei Cha
BACKGROUND: In patients with frequent premature ventricular contractions (PVCs), little is known about the profile of PVCs and the outcome of treatment in patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) compared to those without MVP. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with documented PVCs between January 2001 and October 2012 were divided into 2 groups: MVP and non-MVP. The PVC characteristics, efficacy of therapy, and outcome were compared between the 2 groups. A total of 112 patients with MVP and 952 without MVP were identified...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399613/performance-enhancement-of-polyvinyl-chloride-ultrafiltration-membrane-modified-with-graphene-oxide
#19
Yuanyuan Zhao, Jiaqi Lu, Xuyang Liu, Yudan Wang, Jiuyang Lin, Na Peng, Jingchun Li, Fangbo Zhao
A novel polyvinyl chloride (PVC) membrane was modified with graphene oxide (GO) via phase inversion method to improve its hydrophilicity and mechanical properties. The GO presented a large amount of hydrophilic groups after the modification through the modified Hummers method. It was observed that with the addition of low fraction of GO powder, the GO/PVC hybrid membranes exhibited a significant enhancement in hydrophilicity, water flux, and mechanical properties. With optimal dosage (0.1wt%), the pure water flux of GO/PVC membrane increased from 232...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354869/alternative-approach-for-management-of-an-electrical-storm-in-brugada-syndrome-importance-of-primary-ablation-within-a-narrow-time-window
#20
Ahmed Karim Talib, Yoshiaki Yui, Takashi Kaneshiro, Yukio Sekiguchi, Akihiko Nogami, Kazutaka Aonuma
Placement of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is the only powerful treatment modality for Brugada syndrome in patients presenting with ventricular fibrillation (VF). For those whose first presentation is an electrical storm, pharmacologic therapy is typically used to control VF followed by ICD implantation. We report an alternative approach whereby, before ICD implantation, emergency catheter ablation of the VF-triggering premature ventricular contraction (PVC) resulted in long-term VF-free survival...
June 2016: Journal of Arrhythmia
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