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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152524/young-adult-perceptions-surrounding-hookah-use
#1
Megan E Roberts, Elizabeth G Klein, Micah L Berman, Bilen Berhane, Amy K Ferketich
Objective: We aimed to improve understanding of young adults' perceptions and interpretations of the contexts surrounding use. Methods: We conducted focus groups with young adult hookah users (ages 18-28) to examine hookah-use experiences and risk perceptions. Results: Two dominant themes that emerged from the discussions were the social aspects of use (eg, "ending up" at a hookah café while out with friends), and the mental and physiological reactions to use (eg, relaxation and a "high" feeling)...
November 2017: Health Behavior and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129117/calls-to-poison-centers-for-hookah-smoking-exposures
#2
Sandra S Retzky, Henry A Spiller, Priscilla Callahan-Lyon
Over the past decade, smoking behaviors have changed in the US. Hookah or waterpipe smoking is increasing, especially among youth and young adults. Social media sites describe the "hookah high" or "buzz", which may be related to nicotine, carbon monoxide, or other inhalants in hookah smoke. Most important is the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning. Case reports include a high number of victims presenting with loss of consciousness from either syncope or seizures. Anaphylaxis and a very rare respiratory hypersensitivity reaction, acute eosinophilic pneumonia, have also been reported from hookah smoking in previously healthy young adults...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127787/e-cigarette-marketing-exposure-and-combustible-tobacco-use-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#3
Rehab Auf, Mary Jo Trepka, Moaz Selim, Ziyad Ben Taleb, Mario De La Rosa, Miguel Ángel Cano
E-cigarette advertising has been shown to be associated with use of e-cigarettes, but its association with tobacco use has not been studied. Therefore, we examined the association between e-cigarettes advertisement and tobacco use. Data from nationally representative 22,007 middle and high school students (grades 6-12) were used to conduct the analysis. Logistic regression models estimated the adjusted odds ratios (AOR) of ever and current use of cigarette, hookah, cigar, and polytobacco use. Odds ratios were weighted and adjusted for study design, non-response rates, school level, gender, race/ethnicity, e-cigarette use, and smoking at home...
October 14, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121001/tobacco-product-use-among-adults-united-states-2015
#4
Elyse Phillips, Teresa W Wang, Corinne G Husten, Catherine G Corey, Benjamin J Apelberg, Ahmed Jamal, David M Homa, Brian A King
Tobacco use remains the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States (1). Despite declining cigarette smoking prevalence among U.S. adults, shifts in the tobacco product landscape have occurred in recent years (2,3). Previous estimates of tobacco product use among U.S. adults were obtained from the National Adult Tobacco Survey, which ended after the 2013-2014 cycle. This year, CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) assessed the most recent national estimates of tobacco product use among adults aged ≥18 years using, for the first time, data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), an annual, nationally representative, in-person survey of the noninstitutionalized U...
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118149/perceptions-related-to-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-among-california-college-students
#5
Shiva Abadi, Elizabeth T Couch, Benjamin W Chaffee, Margaret M Walsh
Purpose: To assess electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, factors associated with use, and exposure to e-cigarette-related information from health professionals in a sample of college students attending a public university in northern California, using a web-based survey.Methods: In this quantitative cross-sectional study, survey items assessed e-cigarette use, perceived risks and benefits, and exposure to e-cigarette-related information from health professionals and were pilot tested for feasibility and acceptability...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109965/estimating-the-carbohydrate-content-of-various-forms-of-tobacco-by-phenol-sulfuric-acid-method
#6
Vardhaman Mulchand Jain, Gundabaktha Nagappa Karibasappa, Arun Suresh Dodamani, Gaurao Vasant Mali
BACKGROUND: Due to consumption of various forms of tobacco in large amounts by Indian population, it has become a cause of concern for major oral diseases. In 2008, the WHO named tobacco as the world's single greatest cause of preventable death. It is also known that certain amount of carbohydrates are incorporated in processed tobacco to make it acceptable for consumption. Thus, its role in oral diseases becomes an important question at this point of time. Through this study, it is attempted to find out the carbohydrate content of various forms of tobacco by phenol-sulfuric acid method...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098172/texas-adolescent-tobacco-and-marketing-surveillance-system-s-design
#7
Adriana Pérez, Melissa B Harrell, Raja I Malkani, Christian D Jackson, Joanne Delk, Prince A Allotey, Krystin J Matthews, Pablo Martinez, Cheryl L Perry
Objectives: To provide a full methodological description of the design of the wave I and II (6-month follow-up) surveys of the Texas Adolescent Tobacco and Marketing Surveillance System (TATAMS), a longitudinal surveillance study of 6(th), 8(th), and 10(th) grade students who attended schools in Bexar, Dallas, Tarrant, Harris, or Travis counties, where the 4 largest cities in Texas (San Antonio, Dallas, Fort Worth, Houston, and Austin, respectively) are located. Methods: TATAMS used a complex probability design, yielding representative estimates of these students in these counties during the 2014-2015 academic year...
April 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093578/deteriorations-of-pulmonary-function-elevated-carbon-monoxide-levels-and-increased-oxidative-stress-amongst-water-pipe-smokers
#8
Funda Karaduman Yalcin, Mukremin Er, H Canan Hasanoglu, Hatice Kilic, Aysegul Senturk, Aysegul Karalezli, Merve Ergin, Ozcan Erel
OBJECTIVES: A water pipe (hookah) is a tobacco smoking tool which is thought to be more harmless than a cigarette, and there are no adequate studies about its hazards to health. Water-pipe smoking is threatening health of the youth in the world today. The objective of this study has been to investigate the carbon monoxide (CO) levels in breath, examine the changes in pulmonary function tests (PFT) and to assess the change of the oxidative stress parameters in blood after smoking a water pipe...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084362/the-impact-of-conventional-and-nonconventional-inhalants-on-children-and-adolescents
#9
Samya Z Nasr, Ali Ibrahim Nasrallah, Mariam Abdulghani, Stuart C Sweet
AIM: Inhalant abuse in the adolescent population is a growing concern for care givers, communities, physicians, and medical providers. The aim of this article is to provide a review of the literature about this new challenge. In addition, it raises awareness about recent health policy rulings. METHODS: Review of the literature was done. RESULTS: In this review article, the prevalence of different modes of inhalant use and abuse in children and young adults and their potential health implications will be examined: Cigarettes, ENDS (E Cigarettes), Hookah, Marijuana, and Huffing...
October 30, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082301/youth-e-cigarette-blunt-and-other-tobacco-use-profiles-does-ses-matter
#10
Patricia Simon, Deepa R Camenga, Grace Kong, Christian M Connell, Meghan E Morean, Dana A Cavallo, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
OBJECTIVE: We examined the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and adolescent polytobacco use profiles (including e-cigarettes and blunts). METHODS: Adolescents (N = 1932) completed surveys conducted in 2014 in 3 Connecticut high schools. Within a Latent Class Analysis (LCA) framework, logistic regressions examined associations between SES and polytobacco use profiles comprising never, ever, and current e-cigarette, blunt, cigarette, cigar, cigarillo, hookah, and smokeless tobacco use...
January 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072865/tobacco-use-among-working-adults-united-states-2014-2016
#11
Girija Syamlal, Brian A King, Jacek M Mazurek
Cigarette smoking has declined considerably among U.S. adults over several decades (1); however, increases have occurred in the use of noncigarette tobacco products in recent years, and the use of multiple tobacco products has become common among current users of noncigarette tobacco products (2,3). Differences in tobacco use have also been observed across population subgroups, including among working adults (2,4). CDC analyzed National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data for 2014-2016 to describe the most recent prevalence estimates of current (every day or some days) tobacco product use among working U...
October 27, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059443/availability-and-placement-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-at-the-point-of-sale
#12
Kimberly G Wagoner, Eunyoung Song, Jessica King, Kathleen L Egan, Beata Debinski, Mark Wolfson, John Spangler, Erin L Sutfin
Introduction: Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are widely available and come in a variety of forms, including disposable cigalikes and refillable tank systems. However, little is known about their placement at the point-of-sale. We explored the placement of various ENDS types among tobacco retailers. Methods: Systematic assessments at the point-of-sale were completed by trained data collectors in 90 tobacco retailers, including grocery stores, convenience stores, and pharmacies in North Carolina, U...
September 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058635/licit-and-illicit-substance-use-patterns-among-university-students-in-germany-using-cluster-analysis
#13
Laura Schilling, Hajo Zeeb, Claudia Pischke, Stefanie Helmer, Andrea Schmidt-Pokrzywniak, Ralf Reintjes, Ulla Walter, Maria Girbig, Alexander Krämer, Andrea Icks, Sven Schneider
BACKGROUND: The use of multiple licit and illicit substances plays an important role in many university students' lives. Previous research on multiple substance use patterns of university students, however, often fails to examine use of different illicit substances and/or hookah. Our objective was to complement and advance the current knowledge about common consumption patterns regarding illicit substances and hookah use in this group. METHODS: Students from eight German universities completed an online survey as part of the INSIST study ('INternet-based Social norms Intervention for the prevention of substance use among STudents') regarding their consumption of alcohol, tobacco, hookah, cannabis and other illicit substances...
October 23, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051432/drug-vaping-from-the-dangers-of-misuse-to-new-therapeutic-devices
#14
V Varlet
Users of e-cigarettes are unwitting volunteers participating in a worldwide epidemiological study. Because of the obvious benefits of e-cigarettes compared with traditional cigarette smoking, these electronic devices have been introduced all around the world to support tobacco smoking cessation. Same potential harm reduction could be considered by cannabis vaping for marijuana smokers. However, the toxicities of liquids and aerosols remain under investigation because although the use of e-cigarettes is likely to be less harmful than traditional cigarette smoking, trace levels of contaminants have been identified...
December 16, 2016: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046267/identifying-sentiment-of-hookah-related-posts-on-twitter
#15
Jon-Patrick Allem, Jagannathan Ramanujam, Kristina Lerman, Kar-Hai Chu, Tess Boley Cruz, Jennifer B Unger
BACKGROUND: The increasing popularity of hookah (or waterpipe) use in the United States and elsewhere has consequences for public health because it has similar health risks to that of combustible cigarettes. While hookah use rapidly increases in popularity, social media data (Twitter, Instagram) can be used to capture and describe the social and environmental contexts in which individuals use, perceive, discuss, and are marketed this tobacco product. These data may allow people to organically report on their sentiment toward tobacco products like hookah unprimed by a researcher, without instrument bias, and at low costs...
October 18, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030036/a-single-step-synthesized-supehydrophobic-melamine-formaldehyde-foam-for-trace-determination-of-volatile-organic-pollutants
#16
Habib Bagheri, Shakiba Zeinali, Mohammad Yahya Baktash
Superhydrophobic materials have attracted many attentions in recent years while their application in sample preparation remained almost intact. In this project, a rough surface of melamine formaldehyde foam was silanized by chemical deposition of trichloromethylsilane to form a highly porous and superhydrophobic material, presumably a suitable medium for extracting non-polar compounds such as benzene and its methyl derivatives. The prepared sorbent was packed in a needle for the headspace needle-trap microextraction of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX)...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846942/co-occurrence-of-tobacco-product-use-substance-use-and-mental-health-problems-among-youth-findings-from-wave-1-2013-2014-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study
#17
Kevin P Conway, Victoria R Green, Karin A Kasza, Marushka L Silveira, Nicolette Borek, Heather L Kimmel, James D Sargent, Cassandra A Stanton, Elizabeth Lambert, Nahla Hilmi, Chad J Reissig, Kia J Jackson, Susanne E Tanski, David Maklan, Andrew J Hyland, Wilson M Compton
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette use is associated with substance use and mental health problems among youth, but associations are unknown for non-cigarette tobacco product use, as well as the increasingly common poly-tobacco use. METHODS: The current study examined co-occurrence of substance use and mental health problems across tobacco products among 13,617 youth aged 12-17years from Wave 1 (2013-2014) of the nationally representative Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study...
August 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820664/association-of-socioeconomic-status-with-consumption-of-cigarettes-illicit-drugs-and-alcohol
#18
Maryam Marzban, Maryam Hadji, Mahin Gholipour, Hamideh Rashidian, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Jafar Hasanzadeh, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Reza Ghiasvand, Abdolvahab Moradi, Hossein Khavari-Daneshvar, Elisabete Weiderpass, Farin Kamangar, Kazem Zendehdel
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Socioeconomic Status (SES) is considered as one of the important factors associated with use of various drugs. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of SES on cigarette smoking, alcohol use, drug use, and passive exposure to opium and cigarette smoke. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this study, which is part of a multicenter case-control study, the research hypothesis was checked among controls who had referred to hospitals. Data were collected through a questionnaire and laboratory tests to determine the actual consumers of opium and other illicit drugs...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817864/tobacco-cessation-strategies-it-takes-a-village
#19
Debbie Anne Chiu Qua
Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death and chronic diseases in the U.S. Identifying smokers and providing appropriate intervention is therefore an integral part of each clinic visit. A combination of pharmacotherapy as well as behavioral counseling provides the best results. Pharmacotherapy includes nicotine replacement (patch, gum, lozenges), bupropion and varenicline. More recently, electronic nicotinic delivery systems (such as e-cigarettes, vaporizers/vape pens, and hookah pens) have become popular...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817323/rural-versus-urban-use-of-traditional-and-emerging-tobacco-products-in-the-united-states-2013-2014
#20
Megan E Roberts, Nathan J Doogan, Cassandra A Stanton, Amanda J Quisenberry, Andrea C Villanti, Diann E Gaalema, Diana R Keith, Allison N Kurti, Alexa A Lopez, Ryan Redner, Antonio Cepeda-Benito, Stephen T Higgins
OBJECTIVES: To examine urban-rural differences in US prevalences of traditional and emerging tobacco product use as well as dual or polytobacco use of these products. METHODS: Our data were derived from wave 1 (2013-2014) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study. We estimated weighted prevalences of adult tobacco use across urban-rural geographies and examined prevalences classified by gender, poverty level, and region of the country. RESULTS: Nationally, cigarette use and smokeless tobacco use, as well as dual or polytobacco use of traditional products, were more prevalent in rural than in urban areas...
October 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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