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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886805/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-smoking-among-adolescents
#1
Marilyn Urrutia-Pereira, Vinicius J Oliano, Carolina S Aranda, Javier Mallol, Dirceu Solé
OBJECTIVE: Despite anti-smoking prevention programs, many adolescents start smoking at school age. The main objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with smoking in adolescents living in Uruguaiana, RS, Brazil. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in adolescents (12-19 years), enrolled in municipal schools, who answered a self-administered questionnaire on smoking. RESULTS: 798 adolescents were enrolled in the study, with equal distribution between genders...
November 22, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882210/factors-affecting-hookah-smoking-trend-in-the-society-a-review-article
#2
REVIEW
Victoria Momenabadi, Mohammad Hossein Kaveh PhD, Seyed Yaser Hashemi, Vahid Reza Borhaninejad
BACKGROUND: An increase in hookah smoking is considered to be a serious health problem in societies withdifferent cigarette smoking patterns. Thus, determinants of increase in this behavior are needed to beidentified. This study aimed to review the articles related to the causes of hookah smoking in the society. METHODS: This study reviewed the scientific references of authentic databases and journals, including Web ofScience, PubMed, Iranian Databases, Elsevier, Embase, Scopus, MEDLINE, CINAHL, CDC, and WorldHealth Organization (WHO)...
April 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869111/determination-of-genotoxic-effects-of-hookah-smoking-by-micronucleus-and-chromosome-aberration-methods
#3
Ebru Derici Eker, Hayri Koyuncu, Nefise Özlen Şahin, Altan Yüksel, Mehmet Berköz, Songul Budak Diler, Sema Altan Akgül
BACKGROUND Use of a hookah (a type of water pipe) is a traditional way of smoking tobacco, particularly in the Middle East. In Turkey, its popularity has been growing in recent years, especially among young people. It is known that cigarette smoking has genotoxic effects and causes mutations, but no comprehensive study has been done on the genotoxic effects of hookah usage, particularly in Turkey. MATERIAL AND METHODS We collected peripheral blood/buccal smear samples from 30 subjects who did not smoke cigarettes but who regularly smoke a hookah an average of 2 times per week, and from 30 control subjects who had never smoked cigarettes or a hookah...
November 21, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803724/prevalence-of-hookah-smoking-and-its-related-factors-among-students-of-tehran-university-of-medical-sciences-2012-2013
#4
Abbas Abbasi-Ghahramanloo, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Hojjat Zeraati, Saeid Safiri, Akbar Fotouhi
BACKGROUND: Hookah smoking has increased worldwide, especially among young people. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of hookah use and related factors in a sample of Iranian students of medical sciences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1992 randomly selected sample of students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences during 2012 - 2013. A multistage sampling method was used and anonymous structured questionnaires were distributed to the students of each selected class...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798320/effects-of-hookah-smoking-on-indoor-air-quality-in-homes
#5
Michael Weitzman, Afzal Hussein Yusufali, Fatma Bali, M J Ruzmyn Vilcassim, Shashank Gandhi, Richard Peltier, Arthur Nadas, Scott Sherman, Lily Lee, Zhang Hong, Jenni Shearston, Su Hyun Park, Terry Gordon
INTRODUCTION: Hookahs (water pipes) are rapidly increasing in popularity worldwide. Evidence suggests that although perceived as safer than cigarette smoke, hookah smoke may be as, or even more, dangerous as cigarette smoke. METHODS: Air samples from 33 homes-11 where only hookah-smoking occurred, 12 with only cigarettes and 10 with no smoking-were collected to analyse concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5), black carbon, elemental and organic carbon and carbon monoxide (CO)...
October 26, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798088/distinct-motives-for-use-among-polytobacco-versus-cigarette-only-users-and-among-single-tobacco-product-users
#6
Eugene C Wong, Regine Haardörfer, Michael Windle, Carla J Berg
BACKGROUND: Alternative tobacco product (ATPs) use as well as co-use of various tobacco products has increased in recent years, particularly among young adults. However, little is known about the differential role of motives for ATP or polytobacco use. METHODS: We examined: 1) motives for tobacco use in relation to polytobacco versus cigarette only use; and 2) motives for tobacco use in relation to levels of tobacco use across products. We analyzed data from past 30-day tobacco users at Wave 2 (Spring 2015) of a six-wave longitudinal study of 3418 students aged 18-25 from seven U...
October 25, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794065/flavoured-non-cigarette-tobacco-product-use-among-us-adults-2013-2014
#7
Michèle G Bonhomme, Enver Holder-Hayes, Bridget K Ambrose, Cindy Tworek, Shari P Feirman, Brian A King, Benjamin J Apelberg
INTRODUCTION: Limited data exist on flavoured non-cigarette tobacco product (NCTP) use among US adults. METHODS: Data from the 2013 to 2014 National Adult Tobacco Survey (N=75 233), a landline and cellular telephone survey of US adults aged ≥18, were assessed to estimate past 30-day NCTP use, flavoured NCTP use and flavour types using bivariate analyses. RESULTS: During 2013-2014, 14.4% of US adults were past 30-day NCTP users. Nationally, an estimated 10...
October 28, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781117/determinants-of-tobacco-and-hookah-smoking-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-iv-study
#8
Roya Kelishadi, Ramin Heshmat, Armindokht Shahsanai, Shirin Djalalinia, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Mojtaba Keikha, Gelayol Ardalan, Fereshteh Najafi, Maliheh Khoramdad, Hamid Asayesh, Mostafa Qorbani
BACKGROUND: The consumption of tobacco through a hookah is growing in popularity, especially among children and adolescents, but little is known about the determinants of hookah smoking. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to assess the determinants of tobacco smoking and hookah smoking in a nationally representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted as part of the fourth cross-sectional survey of a national school-based program...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781078/exposure-to-hookah-and-cigarette-smoke-in-children-and-adolescents-according-to-their-socio-economic-status-the-caspian-iv-study
#9
Roya Kelishadi, Armindokht Shahsanai, Mostafa Qorbani, Gelayol Ardalan, Parinaz Poursafa, Ramin Heshmat, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh
BACKGROUND: Exposure to smoking or passive smoking is one of serious health problems especially in the pediatric age group. OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence and determinants of passive smoking in a nationally representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents according to their socioeconomic status (SES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This nationwide study was conducted in 2011 - 2012 among 14880 students aged 6 - 18 years, living in 30 provinces in Iran...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779944/social-norms-perceptions-and-dual-poly-tobacco-use-among-texas-youth
#10
Maria Cooper, MeLisa R Creamer, Christina Ly, Brittani Crook, Melissa B Harrell, Cheryl L Perry
OBJECTIVES: We assessed risk perceptions and social norms about tobacco use across adolescent non-users of tobacco, single- product users, and dual/poly-product users. METHODS: Use behaviors specific to e-cigarettes, cigarettes, hookah, cigars, and smokeless tobacco were assessed among 6th, 8th and 10th grade students (sample [n] = 3907 from a population of [N] = 461,069 students). Multivariate regression was used to examine differences in these factors across use categories, adjusted for demographic factors...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778085/-the-waterpipe-shisha-indoor-air-quality-human-biomonitoring-and-health-effects
#11
Hermann Fromme, Wolfgang Schober
Waterpipe (WP) smoking, also known as shisha or hookah smoking, is growing in western countries as an alternative to cigarette smoking, especially in younger age groups. A majority of smokers mistakenly believe that shisha smoking is a social entertainment practice that leads to more social behavior and relaxation and that this type of smoking is safe or less harmful and less addictive than cigarette smoking.In reality, WP smokers are exposed to hundreds of toxic substances that include well-known carcinogens...
October 24, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767370/electronic-cigarette-use-among-adolescents-in-the-russian-federation
#12
Grace Kong, Bulat Idrisov, Artur Galimov, Radik Masagutov, Steve Sussman
BACKGROUND: Information on e-cigarettes among youth in the Russian Federation is lacking. OBJECTIVE: We examined prevalence of and factors associated with youth e-cigarette use in the Russian Federation. METHODS: A cross-sectional, anonymous survey, conducted among 716 (females 51.5%) high school students in three cities (i.e., Ufa, Sterlitamak, Karagaevo) within the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation in 2015, assessed e-cigarette use and its correlates (i...
October 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747198/a-comparison-of-students-and-non-students-with-respect-to-orientation-toward-e-cigarettes
#13
Craig W Trumbo, Raquel Harper
We examine differences between college students and non-students with respect to orientation toward e-cigarettes. Participants were U.S. adults 18-24 (465 students, 409 non-students). Data collection employed an online survey by GfK Custom Research. Smoking, vaping, and use of alternate tobacco were assessed, as were variables from the Theory of Reasoned Action and Diffusion of Innovations. This study showed that smoking status largely explains use and orientation toward electronic cigarettes among both students and non-students, with differences attributable to higher smoking rates among non-students...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725054/prevalence-of-chronic-airflow-limitation-in-kashmir-north-india-results-from-the-bold-study
#14
P A Koul, N A Hakim, S A Malik, U H Khan, J Patel, L Gnatiuc, P G J Burney
BACKGROUND: Data on spirometrically defined chronic airflow limitation (CAL) are scarce in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of spirometrically defined CAL in Kashmir, North India. METHODS: Using Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease survey methods, we administered questionnaires to randomly selected adults aged ⩾40 years. Post-bronchodilator spirometry was performed to estimate the prevalence of CAL and its relation to potential risk factors...
October 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713680/the-influence-of-drinking-motives-on-hookah-use-frequency-among-young-multi-substance-users
#15
Dawn W Foster, Maya R Greene, Nicholas P Allan, Pascal Geldsetzer
PURPOSE: The present work examined the influence of drinking motives on hookah use frequency among individuals reporting both alcohol and hookah use (multi-substance users). Despite growing documentation of cross-substance effects between motives and substance use, limited research has examined these relationships specifically with respect to hookah use. METHODS: Participants were 134 (75.37% female) hookah and alcohol users, aged 18-47 years (M = 22.17, SD = 3...
October 2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708123/association-between-use-of-flavoured-tobacco-products-and-quit-behaviours-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-us-adult-tobacco-users
#16
Danielle M Smith, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Jidong Huang, Dianne Barker, Andrew J Hyland, Frank Chaloupka
BACKGROUND: Non-menthol characterising flavours (eg, fruit, candy) are banned in cigarettes, yet are still permitted in non-cigarette tobacco (NCT) products. This study examined associations between first use and current use of flavoured tobacco products, and current flavoured tobacco use and quit behaviours. METHODS: A nationally representative, telephone-based survey completed in 2012 by 1443 US adult tobacco users asked about use of 9 tobacco products: cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, cigarillos, little filtered cigars, pipes, hookah, smokeless tobacco and snus...
October 5, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707516/tobacco-marketing-receptivity-and-other-tobacco-product-use-among-young-adult-bar-patrons
#17
Johannes Thrul, Nadra E Lisha, Pamela M Ling
PURPOSE: Use of other tobacco products (smokeless tobacco, hookah, cigarillo, and e-cigarettes) is increasing, particularly among young adults, and there are few regulations on marketing for these products. We examined the associations between tobacco marketing receptivity and other tobacco product (OTP) use among young adult bar patrons (aged 18-26 years). METHODS: Time-location sampling was used to collect cross-sectional surveys from 7,540 young adult bar patrons from January 2012 through March of 2014...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706885/patterns-of-the-co-use-of-alcohol-marijuana-and-emerging-tobacco-products-in-a-national-sample-of-young-adults
#18
Amy M Cohn, Amanda L Johnson, Jessica M Rath, Andrea C Villanti
BACKGROUND: Emerging tobacco product use is on the rise in young adults and has been linked to alcohol and marijuana use. Little is known about which patterns of alcohol, marijuana, and emerging tobacco product co-use are most popular in this age group. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the prevalence of a broad spectrum of marijuana, alcohol, and tobacco co-use patterns across a variety of tobacco products in a national sample of young adults. METHODS: Data were analyzed from a sub-set of 18-24 year olds (unweighted n = 3,940) from five waves of the Truth Initiative Young Adult Cohort, a national sample of 18-34 year olds...
October 5, 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697952/peer-crowd-affiliation-as-a-segmentation-tool-for-young-adult-tobacco-use
#19
Nadra E Lisha, Jeffrey W Jordan, Pamela M Ling
BACKGROUND: In California, young adult tobacco prevention is of prime importance; 63% of smokers start by the age of 18 years, and 97% start by the age of 26 years. We examined social affiliation with 'peer crowd' (eg, Hipsters) as an innovative way to identify high-risk tobacco users. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were conducted in 2014 (N=3368) among young adult bar patrons in 3 California cities. We examined use rates of five products (cigarettes, e-cigarettes, hookah, cigars and smokeless tobacco) by five race/ethnicity categories...
October 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694553/subgrouping-high-school-students-for-substance-abuse-related-behaviors-a-latent-class-analysis
#20
Fariba Khayyati, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl, Hamid Allahverdipour, Mohammad AsghariJafarabadi, Kamiar Kouzekanani
The aim of the current study was to characterize the prevalence of latent groups in terms of smoking, hookah, and alcohol in a sample of Iranian high school students. In this cross-sectional study, 4,422 high school students were assessed in East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Latent class analysis was applied to determine the subgroups and prevalence of each class using the procLCA in SAS 9.2 software. The prevalence of hookah smoking was the highest among the other substances and had the greatest abuse among males than females...
September 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
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