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Grace Kong, Bulat Idrisov, Artur Galimov, Radik Masagutov, Steve Sussman
BACKGROUND: Information on e-cigarettes among youth in the Russian Federation is lacking. OBJECTIVE: We examined prevalence of and factors associated with youth e-cigarette use in the Russian Federation. METHODS: A cross-sectional, anonymous survey, conducted among 716 (females 51.5%) high school students in three cities (i.e., Ufa, Sterlitamak, Karagaevo) within the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation in 2015, assessed e-cigarette use and its correlates (i...
October 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Craig W Trumbo, Raquel Harper
We examine differences between college students and non-students with respect to orientation toward e-cigarettes. Participants were U.S. adults 18-24 (465 students, 409 non-students). Data collection employed an online survey by GfK Custom Research. Smoking, vaping, and use of alternate tobacco were assessed, as were variables from the Theory of Reasoned Action and Diffusion of Innovations. This study showed that smoking status largely explains use and orientation toward electronic cigarettes among both students and non-students, with differences attributable to higher smoking rates among non-students...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
P A Koul, N A Hakim, S A Malik, U H Khan, J Patel, L Gnatiuc, P G J Burney
BACKGROUND: Data on spirometrically defined chronic airflow limitation (CAL) are scarce in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of spirometrically defined CAL in Kashmir, North India. METHODS: Using Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease survey methods, we administered questionnaires to randomly selected adults aged ⩾40 years. Post-bronchodilator spirometry was performed to estimate the prevalence of CAL and its relation to potential risk factors...
October 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Dawn W Foster, Maya R Greene, Nicholas P Allan, Pascal Geldsetzer
PURPOSE: The present work examined the influence of drinking motives on hookah use frequency among individuals reporting both alcohol and hookah use (multi-substance users). Despite growing documentation of cross-substance effects between motives and substance use, limited research has examined these relationships specifically with respect to hookah use. METHODS: Participants were 134 (75.37% female) hookah and alcohol users, aged 18-47 years (M = 22.17, SD = 3...
October 2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Danielle M Smith, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Jidong Huang, Dianne Barker, Andrew J Hyland, Frank Chaloupka
BACKGROUND: Non-menthol characterising flavours (eg, fruit, candy) are banned in cigarettes, yet are still permitted in non-cigarette tobacco (NCT) products. This study examined associations between first use and current use of flavoured tobacco products, and current flavoured tobacco use and quit behaviours. METHODS: A nationally representative, telephone-based survey completed in 2012 by 1443 US adult tobacco users asked about use of 9 tobacco products: cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, cigarillos, little filtered cigars, pipes, hookah, smokeless tobacco and snus...
October 5, 2016: Tobacco Control
Johannes Thrul, Nadra E Lisha, Pamela M Ling
PURPOSE: Use of other tobacco products (smokeless tobacco, hookah, cigarillo, and e-cigarettes) is increasing, particularly among young adults, and there are few regulations on marketing for these products. We examined the associations between tobacco marketing receptivity and other tobacco product (OTP) use among young adult bar patrons (aged 18-26 years). METHODS: Time-location sampling was used to collect cross-sectional surveys from 7,540 young adult bar patrons from January 2012 through March of 2014...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Amy M Cohn, Amanda L Johnson, Jessica M Rath, Andrea C Villanti
BACKGROUND: Emerging tobacco product use is on the rise in young adults and has been linked to alcohol and marijuana use. Little is known about which patterns of alcohol, marijuana, and emerging tobacco product co-use are most popular in this age group. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the prevalence of a broad spectrum of marijuana, alcohol, and tobacco co-use patterns across a variety of tobacco products in a national sample of young adults. METHODS: Data were analyzed from a sub-set of 18-24 year olds (unweighted n = 3,940) from five waves of the Truth Initiative Young Adult Cohort, a national sample of 18-34 year olds...
October 5, 2016: American Journal on Addictions
Nadra E Lisha, Jeffrey W Jordan, Pamela M Ling
BACKGROUND: In California, young adult tobacco prevention is of prime importance; 63% of smokers start by the age of 18 years, and 97% start by the age of 26 years. We examined social affiliation with 'peer crowd' (eg, Hipsters) as an innovative way to identify high-risk tobacco users. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were conducted in 2014 (N=3368) among young adult bar patrons in 3 California cities. We examined use rates of five products (cigarettes, e-cigarettes, hookah, cigars and smokeless tobacco) by five race/ethnicity categories...
October 2016: Tobacco Control
Fariba Khayyati, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl, Hamid Allahverdipour, Mohammad AsghariJafarabadi, Kamiar Kouzekanani
The aim of the current study was to characterize the prevalence of latent groups in terms of smoking, hookah, and alcohol in a sample of Iranian high school students. In this cross-sectional study, 4,422 high school students were assessed in East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Latent class analysis was applied to determine the subgroups and prevalence of each class using the procLCA in SAS 9.2 software. The prevalence of hookah smoking was the highest among the other substances and had the greatest abuse among males than females...
September 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
MeLisa R Creamer, Alexandra Loukas, Xiaoyin Li, Keryn E Pasch, Kathleen Case, Brittani Crook, Cheryl L Perry
PURPOSE: Hookah is an increasingly popular tobacco product among college students. The purpose of this study was to determine if college students are aware of tobacco and nicotine content in hookah, and examine associations between college students' knowledge and perceptions of hookah and their past 30-day hookah use. METHODS: Participants were 5451 young adults attending one of 24 2- and 4-year colleges. Analyses examined if hookah knowledge was uniquely associated with current hookah use, over and above perceptions of harm and addictiveness, number of other tobacco products currently used, and socio-demographic factors...
September 11, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Kourosh Kabir, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl, Razie Esmaeelpour, Fatemeh Aghazamani, Fatemeh Rostami
BACKGROUND: It is clear that tobacco smoking and substance abuse have negative consequences on adolescent and youth's health. Tobacco smoking especially hookah smoking has increased worldwide especially among university students. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of risk-taking behaviors such as cigarette smoking, hookah smoking, alcohol use, and drug abuse and its predictors in students of Karaj universities. METHODS: This cross-sectional study took place in Karaj in January and February 2014...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Tracey E Barnett, Felix E Lorenzo, Eric K Soule
BACKGROUND: Despite the dangers associated with hookah tobacco smoking, use and popularity in the United States among young adults continue to increase. While quantitative studies have assessed users' attitudes toward hookah, qualitative research can provide a more in-depth description of positive and negative attitudes and beliefs associated with hookah use. OBJECTIVES: To determine outcome expectancies associated with hookah use among young adults. METHODS: We conducted six focus groups in 2013 to identify outcome expectancies associated with hookah use...
September 26, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Paul T Harrell, Syeda Mahrukh H Naqvi, Andrew D Plunk, Ming Ji, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND: Despite significant declines in youth cigarette smoking, overall tobacco usage remains over 20% as non-cigarette tobacco product usage is increasingly common and polytobacco use (using 1+ tobacco product) remains steady. OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to identify patterns of youth tobacco use and examine associations with sociodemographic characteristics and tobacco dependence. METHODS: The current analysis uses Latent Class Analysis (LCA) to examine the 6,958 tobacco users (n = 2,738 female) in the National Youth Tobacco Survey (2012 and 2013)...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Michael S Dunbar, William G Shadel, Joan S Tucker, Maria O Edelen
BACKGROUND: Use of other tobacco products (OTPs) among smokers is increasing. Little is known about types of OTP used and the reasons for use, and how OTP use and reasons for use correlate with smoking patterns and nicotine dependence in daily and nondaily smokers. This paper addresses these gaps in the literature. METHODS: 656 daily smokers and 203 nondaily smokers provided information on their use of different OTPs (hookah, e-cigarettes, chew/snuff, snus, cigars, dissolvables), and reasons for using OTPs (e...
September 11, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Pankaj Gupta, Ashna Jain
INTRODUCTION: Hookah smoking has seen a reemergence in popularity in the last 30 years, particularly in the young urban population. This study aimed to compare the prevalence of and the attitude and beliefs about hookah smoking of people with a medical background and compare it with people from a non-medical background. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire with ten questions about various aspects of hookah smoking was formulated using Google forms®, which was then circulated via Facebook®, Whatsapp® and emails to the intended participants and all responses were recorded and analyzed...
2016: Curēus
Allison C Hoffman, Raydel Valdes Salgado, Carolyn Dresler, Rachel Williams Faller, Christopher Bartlett
OBJECTIVE: To understand the available evidence of how children and adults differ in their preferences for flavours that may be used in tobacco products. DATA SOURCES: A total of 474 articles published between 1931 and August 2015 were retrieved through searches conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and PsycINFO. STUDY SELECTION AND EXTRACTION: A 2-phase relevancy review process resulted in the identification of 59 articles and information was extracted by 2 independent reviewers...
September 15, 2016: Tobacco Control
Fazıl Yıldırım, Yunsur Çevik, Emine Emektar, Şeref Kerem Çorbacıoğlu, Yavuz Katırcı
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate whether increased carboxyhemoglobin (COHB) levels and ECG changes, which associated with fatal ventricular dysrhythmias, including increased QT, P-wave and T peak (Tp)-Tend (Te) dispersion, can be detected after smoking narghile, which is a traditional method of smoking tobacco that is smoked from hookah device. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After local ethics committee approval, this prospective study was conducted using healthy volunteer subjects at a "narghile café," which is used by people smoking narghile in an open area...
October 2016: Inhalation Toxicology
Su Hyun Park, Dustin T Duncan, Omar El Shahawy, Jenni A Shearston, Lily Lee, Kosuke Tamura, Scott E Sherman, Michael Weitzman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the state-specific prevalence, regional differences and correlates of hookah use among US adults. METHODS: We analyzed the most recent nationally representative data of adults from the National Adult Tobacco Survey (NATS) 2012-2013 (n=60,192). State-specific prevalence of lifetime and current hookah use were calculated and mapped. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to determine the association between socio-demographic characteristics, regional differences, and hookah use...
September 9, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Sundeep Salvi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Gh Heydari, A Ebn Ahmady, H A Lando, F Chamyani, M Masjedi, M B Shadmehr, L Fadaizadeh
We conducted in-depth interviews with key tobacco control policy-makers to explore their views and opinions of trends in tobacco use and the effectiveness of tobacco control programmes over the past 3 decades. A qualitative interview study was conducted in 2014 using a grounded theory approach. In-depth interviews were conducted with 86 key tobacco control policy-makers and data collection was based on principles of saturation. The core code "tobacco consumption and its control programme" was extracted and its related themes were listed...
May 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
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