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A teachable moment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080947/hiv-testing-intervention-development-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-developed-world
#1
Paul Flowers, Claudia Estcourt, Pam Sonnenberg, Fiona Burns
HIV testing is a 'gateway' technology, enabling access to treatment and HIV prevention. Biomedical approaches to prevention, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis and treatment as prevention, require accurate and regular HIV test results. HIV testing also represents a powerful 'teachable moment' for behavioural prevention. An increasing range of HIV tests and the emergence of self-managed diagnostic technologies (e.g. self-testing) means there is now considerable diversification of when, where and how results are available to those who test...
January 13, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062389/internet-based-hiv-prevention-with-at-home-sexually-transmitted-infection-testing-for-young-men-having-sex-with-men-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-keep-it-up-2-0
#2
Brian Mustanski, Krystal Madkins, George J Greene, Jeffrey T Parsons, Brent A Johnson, Patrick Sullivan, Michael Bass, Rebekah Abel
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections are increasing among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), yet few HIV prevention programs have studied this population. Keep It Up! (KIU!), an online HIV prevention program tailored to diverse YMSM, was developed to fill this gap. The KIU! 2.0 randomized controlled trial (RCT) was launched to establish intervention efficacy. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the KIU! study is to advance scientific knowledge of technology-based behavioral HIV prevention, as well as improve public health by establishing the efficacy of an innovative electronic health (eHealth) prevention program for ethnically and racially diverse YMSM...
January 7, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055069/clarifying-a-penicillin-allergy-a-teachable-moment
#3
Alon Vaisman, Janine McCready, Jeff Powis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027387/impact-of-smoking-cessation-counseling-prior-to-total-joint-arthroplasty
#4
Sina Akhavan, Long-Co Nguyen, Vanessa Chan, Jamal Saleh, Kevin J Bozic
Perioperative smoking has been linked to surgical complications including poor wound healing, infection, myocardial infarction, prolonged length of stay, need for mechanical ventilation, and death. This study evaluated the effectiveness of preoperative counseling on smoking cessation for patients undergoing elective total joint arthroplasty. Thirty smokers with hip or knee osteoarthritis seeking hip or knee replacement surgery were enrolled prospectively. Interventions included counseling, referrals to smoking cessation programs including the California Smokers' Helpline and the Fontana Tobacco Treatment Program, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), or instructing patients quit through the "cold turkey" method of abstinence...
December 27, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981158/in-asian-americans-is-having-a-family-member-diagnosed-with-cancer-associated-with-fatalistic-beliefs
#5
Carolee Polek, Thomas Hardie
OBJECTIVE: Cancer can evoke long-held cultural beliefs which either facilitate or impede efforts to expand the health literacy of families. Among these beliefs is fatalism which holds that controlling ones' outcome is not possible, and that ones' outcome is predestined. Some fatalistic beliefs are broadly held within the Asian American (AA) community and may be challenged or reinforced by the experience of having a family member diagnosed with cancer. This study evaluated the relationship between having a family member diagnosed with cancer and selected demographics in AAs on fatalistic beliefs...
April 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965880/lifestyle-change-in-the-cancer-setting-using-the-teachable-moment-protocol-for-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-in-a-urology-service
#6
Alyssa Sara Lee, Gozde Ozakinci, Steve Leung, Gerry Humphris, Hannah Dale, Neil Hamlet
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown diagnosis or screening for cancer may be a 'teachable moment' for prevention through lifestyle change. Previous trials have been successful but have been delivered via national programmes targeting patients being screened for colorectal cancer. This manuscript reports the protocol for a proof-of-concept study to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a lifestyle change service targeting men suspected or diagnosed with cancer of the prostate in a secondary care cancer service within the UK...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893881/ultra-high-dose-opioids-with-low-efficacy-and-significant-harm-time-to-make-a-change-a-teachable-moment
#7
Paul Guillod, Ellen L Edens, William C Becker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820609/thinking-beyond-the-ostomy-a-teachable-moment
#8
Amy L Bagenski, Jacquelyn Sink, Jennifer Rusiecki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802495/overdiagnosis-of-coronary-artery-disease-detected-by-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-a-teachable-moment
#9
Torrey Schmidt, Ronald Maag, Andrew J Foy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798398/positive-and-negative-themes-found-in-sport-related-films
#10
Hannah M Wakefield, Robert P Olympia, Tonya S King, Bryan H Wakefield, Chris J Weber
Sport participation is an important part of the development of children and adolescents in the United States. The objective of this study was to determine positive and negative themes found in a selected number of sport-related films. A total of 44 sport-related films were independently viewed and analyzed by four reviewers. The most common sports depicted were baseball (27%) and football (25%). The most common positive themes were positive interactions with the coach, positive interactions with family and friends, and positive interactions with teammates (2...
October 23, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749960/hemochromatosis-when-bloodletting-is-not-the-cure-a-teachable-moment
#11
Florence-Damilola Odufalu, Katherine Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723882/low-testosterone-in-men-should-be-a-sign-rather-than-a-number-to-increase-a-teachable-moment
#12
Halis Kaan Akturk, Todd B Nippoldt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695826/subclinical-hypothyroidism-in-elderly-individuals-overdiagnosis-and-overtreatment-a-teachable-moment
#13
Paola Portillo-Sanchez, Rene Rodriguez-Gutierrez, Juan P Brito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668672/antidepressant-prescription-in-the-geriatric-population-a-teachable-moment
#14
Avash Das, Abhishek Maiti, Shirshendu Sinha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644068/is-pregnancy-a-teachable-moment-to-promote-handwashing-with-soap-among-primiparous-women-in-rural-bangladesh-follow-up-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Kelly B Kamm, Jelena Vujcic, Sharifa Nasreen, Stephen P Luby, K Zaman, Shams El Arifeen, Pavani K Ram
OBJECTIVE: Promoting handwashing with soap to mothers of young children can significantly reduce diarrhoea and pneumonia morbidity among children, but studies that measured long-term behaviour after interventions rarely found improvements in handwashing habits. Expecting mothers may experience emotional and social changes that create a unique environment that may encourage adoption of improved handwashing habits. The objective of this study was to determine whether exposure to an intensive handwashing intervention in the perinatal period (perinatal arm) was associated with improved maternal handwashing behaviour vs...
December 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617824/coronary-stenting-to-treat-dyspnea-in-a-patient-with-severe-lung-disease-a-teachable-moment
#16
David S Raymer, David L Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606076/smoking-cessation-results-in-a-clinical-lung-cancer-screening-program
#17
Andrea K Borondy Kitts, Andrea B McKee, Shawn M Regis, Christoph Wald, Sebastian Flacke, Brady J McKee
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer screening may provide a "teachable moment" for promoting smoking cessation. This study assessed smoking cessation and relapse rates among individuals undergoing follow-up low-dose chest computed tomography (CT) in a clinical CT lung screening program and assessed the influence of initial screening results on smoking behavior. METHODS: Self-reported smoking status for individuals enrolled in a clinical CT lung screening program undergoing a follow-up CT lung screening exam between 1st February, 2014 and 31st March, 2015 was retrospectively reviewed and compared to self-reported smoking status using a standardized questionnaire at program entry...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558954/medically-managing-obesity-offering-hope-or-a-disincentive-to-change
#18
Jane Ogden, Juliet Arulgnanaseelan
OBJECTIVE: As weight loss in primary care remains minimal, Health Professionals are advised to medically manage obesity-related risk factors including blood pressure and cholesterol. This experimental study evaluated the impact of medically managing risk factors on obese patients' motivation to change their behaviour. METHODS: A vignette study with two arms: successful medical management (ie risk factors have improved) vs failed medical management (ie no change) set in three General Practices in the South of England...
January 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537508/a-prospective-randomized-study-of-the-efficacy-of-turning-point-an-inpatient-violence-intervention-program
#19
Catherine Loveland-Jones, Lucas Ferrer, Scott Charles, Frederick Ramsey, Andrea van Zandt, Jill Volgraf, Thomas Santora, Abhijit Pathak, Jay Dujon, Lars Sjoholm, Joseph Rappold, Amy Goldberg
BACKGROUND: From 2002 to 2011, there were more than 17,000 shootings in Philadelphia. "Turning Point," Temple University Hospital's inpatient violence intervention program, takes advantage of the teachable moment that occurs after violent injury. In addition to receiving traditional social work services, Turning Point patients watch their trauma bay resuscitation video and a movie about violence, meet with a gunshot wound survivor and an outpatient case manager, and also undergo psychiatric assessment...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532936/triple-oral-antithrombotic-therapy-a-teachable-moment
#20
Shayan Nabavi Nouri, Brian L Block
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
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