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A teachable moment

Florence-Damilola Odufalu, Katherine Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Halis Kaan Akturk, Todd B Nippoldt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Paola Portillo-Sanchez, Rene Rodriguez-Gutierrez, Juan P Brito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Avash Das, Abhishek Maiti, Shirshendu Sinha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Kelly B Kamm, Jelena Vujcic, Sharifa Nasreen, Stephen P Luby, K Zaman, Shams El Arifeen, Pavani K Ram
OBJECTIVE: Promoting handwashing with soap to mothers of young children can significantly reduce diarrhoea and pneumonia morbidity among children, but studies that measured long-term behaviour after interventions rarely found improvements in handwashing habits. Expecting mothers may experience emotional and social changes that create a unique environment that may encourage adoption of improved handwashing habits. The objective of this study was to determine whether exposure to an intensive handwashing intervention in the perinatal period (perinatal arm) was associated with improved maternal handwashing behaviour vs...
September 19, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
David S Raymer, David L Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Andrea K Borondy Kitts, Andrea B McKee, Shawn M Regis, Christoph Wald, Sebastian Flacke, Brady J McKee
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer screening may provide a "teachable moment" for promoting smoking cessation. This study assessed smoking cessation and relapse rates among individuals undergoing follow-up low-dose chest computed tomography (CT) in a clinical CT lung screening program and assessed the influence of initial screening results on smoking behavior. METHODS: Self-reported smoking status for individuals enrolled in a clinical CT lung screening program undergoing a follow-up CT lung screening exam between 1st February, 2014 and 31st March, 2015 was retrospectively reviewed and compared to self-reported smoking status using a standardized questionnaire at program entry...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Jane Ogden, Juliet Arulgnanaseelan
OBJECTIVE: As weight loss in primary care remains minimal, Health Professionals are advised to medically manage obesity-related risk factors including blood pressure and cholesterol. This experimental study evaluated the impact of medically managing risk factors on obese patients' motivation to change their behaviour. METHODS: A vignette study with two arms: successful medical management (ie risk factors have improved) vs failed medical management (ie no change) set in three General Practices in the South of England...
August 20, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Catherine Loveland-Jones, Lucas Ferrer, Scott Charles, Frederick V Ramsey, Andrea VanZandt, Jill Volgraf, Thomas Santora, Abhijit Pathak, Jay Dujon, Lars Sjoholm, Joseph Rappold, Amy Goldberg
BACKGROUND: From 2002-2011, there were over 17,000 shootings in Philadelphia. "Turning Point", Temple University Hospital's inpatient violence intervention program, takes advantage of the teachable moment that occurs after violent injury. In addition to receiving traditional social work services, Turning Point patients watch their trauma bay resuscitation video and a movie about violence, meet with a gunshot wound survivor and an outpatient case manager, and also undergo psychiatric assessment...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Shayan Nabavi Nouri, Brian L Block
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Sarah Dinsdale, Kay Branch, Lindsay Cook, Janet Shucksmith
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity is associated with risks to mother and infant, and has implications for healthcare costs. United Kingdom (UK) levels of maternal obesity are rising, with higher prevalence in North East (NE) England, where this study was set. Pregnancy is often seen as an opportune time for intervention - a 'teachable moment' - which is ripe for promoting behaviour change. In response to rising obesity levels, a National Health Service (NHS) Foundation Trust in NE England implemented three maternal obesity care pathways contingent on Body Mass Index (BMI) at time of booking: pathway 1 for those with BMI ≥30 kg/m(2); pathway 2 for BMI ≥35 kg/m(2); and pathway 3 for BMI ≥40 kg/m(2)...
2016: BMC Public Health
Luz Huntington-Moskos, Mary Kay Rayens, Amanda Wiggins, Ellen J Hahn
OBJECTIVE: This study determined whether having minor children in the home was associated with the teachable moment (TM) constructs of lung cancer worry, perceived risk, health-related self-concept, and the novel construct of synergistic risk. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Secondary data analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial of an intervention to reduce home exposure to radon and secondhand smoke (SHS). Quota sample of adults recruited at a Central Kentucky academic medical center (N = 556)...
July 22, 2016: Public Health Nursing
M A Liss, J M Schenk, A V Faino, L F Newcomb, H Boyer, J D Brooks, P R Carroll, A Dash, M D Fabrizio, M E Gleave, P S Nelson, M L Neuhouser, J T Wei, Y Zheng, J L Wright, D W Lin, I M Thompson
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for incident prostate cancer (PC) as well as risk of disease progression and mortality. We hypothesized that men diagnosed with lower-risk PC and who elected active surveillance (AS) for their cancer management would likely initiate lifestyle changes that lead to weight loss. METHODS: Patients were enrolled in the Prostate Active Surveillance Study (PASS), a multicenter prospective biomarker discovery and validation study of men who have chosen AS for their PC...
July 19, 2016: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
Patrick D Tyler, Marc R Larochelle, John N Mafi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Fiona O'May, Jan Gill, Eleanor McWhirter, Sarah Kantartzis, Cheryl Rees, Kerry Murray
The perceived value of Alcohol Brief Interventions as a tool to address alcohol misuse in Scotland has supported the establishment of a Health Improvement, Efficiency, Access and Treatment, HEAT: H4 Standard to deliver ABIs within certain health care settings. This requires that nursing, medical and allied health professionals are appropriately skilled to deliver these interventions. This study explores the knowledge and attitudes regarding alcohol misuse and related interventions among two cohorts of final year nursing and occupational therapy undergraduate students before, during and following participation in a workshop devoted to ABI delivery...
September 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Bárbara Piñeiro, Vani N Simmons, Amanda M Palmer, John B Correa, Thomas H Brandon
The integration of smoking cessation interventions (SCIs) within the context of lung cancer screening programs is strongly recommended by screening guidelines, and is a requirement for Medicare coverage of screening in the US. In Europe, there are no lung cancer screening guidelines, however, research trials are ongoing, and prominent professional societies have begun to recommend lung cancer screening. Little is known about the types and efficacy of SCIs among patients receiving low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening...
August 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
J Ong, I Plueckhahn, D Cruickshank, L Churilov, L Mileshkin
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients who quit smoking have improved survival rates. The time of diagnosis provides a 'teachable moment' when healthcare providers can offer smoking-cessation treatment. AIMS: To assess the impact on quit rates of a tailored smoking-cessation intervention for patients diagnosed with a potentially curable cancer. METHODS: A prospective, one-arm cohort study of current smokers and recent quitters (<30 days) who had commenced treatment for a potentially curable cancer was performed...
September 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
Anubha Agarwal, Adva Eisenberg, Suzanne K Woods
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Justin C Laracy, Ricky Regalbuto, Brian L Block
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Sarah J Burns, Jonathan D Orner, Mary E Lacy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
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