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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332639/evaluation-of-the-bacteriological-quality-of-raw-cow-s-milk-at-various-stages-of-the-milk-production-chain-on-farms-in-algeria-%C3%A2-oie-world-organisation-for-animal-health-2016
#1
M Hamiroune, A Berber, S Boubekeur
This study evaluates hygiene practices on 53 dairy farms in the Jijel and Blida regions of Algeria. A survey questionnaire was drawn up covering milking conditions and cleaning of the equipment. In parallel, bacteriological analyses were carried out to estimate the rate, source and development of bacterial contamination in raw milk produced on the farm. In addition, screening was performed to detect the presence of inhibitor residues. The results of the survey revealed poor livestock conditions and milking practices that could explain the presence of bacteria in cow's milk...
December 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329059/anticoagulation-for-pregnant-women-with-mechanical-heart-valves-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Rohan D'Souza, Jackie Ostro, Prakesh S Shah, Candice K Silversides, Ann Malinowski, Kellie E Murphy, Mathew Sermer, Nadine Shehata
Aims: To review maternal and foetal outcomes in women with mechanical heart valves (MHVs) treated with vitamin-K antagonists (VKAs), first-trimester heparin followed by VKAs (sequential treatment), low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and unfractionated heparin (UFH) during pregnancy, in order to inform practice. Methods and results: Medline, Embase and Central were searched from inception until February 2016. Two reviewers independently screened 1786 titles, reviewed 110 full-texts and extracted data and assessed risk-of-bias from 46 articles...
March 9, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322884/cardiovascular-disease-screening-in-general-practice-general-practitioner-recording-of-common-risk-factors
#3
Lyle R Turner, Flavia Cicuttini, Christopher Pearce, Danielle Mazza
The assessment and screening of individual risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a critical component of CVD prevention strategies in general practice (GP). This study sought to examine current CVD risk factor recording as recommended by Australian guidelines for the management of absolute cardiovascular disease risk. A retrospective analysis of routine GP data from 149,306 GP patients aged 45years and above in eastern Melbourne was conducted. Data were collected from GP clinics located throughout inner east Melbourne from July 2011 to September 2014 through the Melbourne East Monash General Practice Database...
March 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322758/increased-seat-dump-angle-in-a-manual-wheelchair-is-associated-with-changes-in-thoracolumbar-lordosis-and-scapular-kinematics-during-propulsion
#4
Beth A Cloud, Kristin D Zhao, Arin M Ellingson, Ahmad Nassr, Anthony J Windebank, Kai-Nan An
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and compare spinal curvature and shoulder kinematics throughout the manual wheelchair propulsion cycle for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) who were seated at 2 different seat dump angles. DESIGN: Single-group, repeated-measures study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight individuals completed the telephone screening; 21 were eligible and completed the study. INTERVENTIONS: Participants' personal manual wheelchairs were modified to have seat dump angles of 0° or 14°, with a vertical backrest...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317879/a-novel-method-for-screening-adenosine-receptor-specific-agonists-for-use-in-adenosine-drug-development
#5
Karlie R Jones, Uimook Choi, Ji-Liang Gao, Robert D Thompson, Larry E Rodman, Harry L Malech, Elizabeth M Kang
Agonists that target the A1, A2A, A2B and A3 adenosine receptors have potential to be potent treatment options for a number of diseases, including autoimmune diseases, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Because each of these adenosine receptors plays a distinct role throughout the body, obtaining highly specific receptor agonists is essential. Of these receptors, the adenosine A2AR and A2BR share many sequence and structural similarities but highly differ in their responses to inflammatory stimuli. Our laboratory, using a combination of specially developed cell lines and calcium release analysis hardware, has created a new and faster method for determining specificity of synthetic adenosine agonist compounds for the A2A and A2B receptors in human cells...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303146/an-assessment-of-genetic-diversity-and-drought-tolerance-in-argan-tree-argania-spinosa-populations-potential-for-the-development-of-improved-drought-tolerance
#6
Abdelghani Chakhchar, Matthew Haworth, Cherkaoui El Modafar, Marco Lauteri, Claudia Mattioni, Said Wahbi, Mauro Centritto
The argan tree (Argania spinosa) occurs in a restricted area of Southwestern Morocco characterized by low water availability and high evapotranspirative demand. Despite the adaptation of the argan tree to drought stress, the extent of the argan forest has declined markedly due to increased aridity, land use changes and the expansion of olive cultivation. The oil of the argan seed is used for cooking and as the basis for numerous cosmetics. The identification of argan tree varieties with enhanced drought tolerance may minimize the economic losses associated with the decline of the argan forest and constrain the spread of desertification...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302519/using-ontology-based-semantic-similarity-to-facilitate-the-article-screening-process-for-systematic-reviews
#7
Xiaonan Ji, Alan Ritter, Po-Yin Yen
OBJECTIVE: Systematic Reviews (SRs) are utilized to summarize evidence from high quality studies and are considered the preferred source of evidence-based practice (EBP). However, conducting SRs can be time and labor intensive due to the high cost of article screening. In previous studies, we demonstrated utilizing established (lexical) article relationships to facilitate the identification of relevant articles in an efficient and effective manner. Here we propose to enhance article relationships with background semantic knowledge derived from Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) concepts and ontologies...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288622/cogchamps-a-model-of-implementing-evidence-based-care-in-hospitals-study-protocol
#8
Catherine Travers, Frederick Graham, Amanda Henderson, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: Delirium and dementia (cognitive impairment; CI), are common in older hospital patients, and both are associated with serious adverse outcomes. Despite delirium often being preventable, it is frequently not recognized in hospital settings, which may be because hospital nurses have not received adequate education or training in recognizing or caring for those with CI. However, the most effective way of increasing nurses' awareness about delirium and dementia, and initiating regular patient screening and monitoring to guide best practices for these patients in hospital settings is not known...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286659/the-current-condition-of-the-workers-general-health-examination-in-south-korea-a-retrospective-study
#9
Young Joong Kang, Jun-Pyo Myong, Huisu Eom, Bowha Choi, Jong Heon Park, Eun-A L Kim
BACKGROUND: Business owners in the Republic of Korea must take part in the workers' general health examination. However, there have been few formal analyses of the uptake of this examination by employees. In the present study, we examined the rates of participation in medical examinations according to age group, health insurance type, and enterprise size, and then compared these results with those of the national general health screening. Furthermore, we determined the distribution of patients with abnormal results for diabetes and hypertension, and outlined the significance and history of domestic health examinations...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284146/how-do-i-look-self-focused-attention-during-a-video-chat-of-women-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#10
Noortje Vriends, Yasemin Meral, Javier A Bargas-Avila, Christina Stadler, Susan M Bögels
We investigated the role of self-focused attention (SFA) in social anxiety (disorder) in an ecologically valid way. In Experiment 1 high (n = 26) versus low (n = 25) socially anxious single women between 18 and 30 years had a video ("Skype") conversation with an attractive male confederate, while seeing themselves and the confederate on-screen. The conversation was divided in four phases: (I) warm-up, (II) positive (confederate was friendly to the participant), (III) critical (confederate was critical to the participant), and (IV) active (participant was instructed to ask questions to the confederate)...
March 3, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270467/preventing-prison-suicide-with-life-trajectory-based-screening
#11
Tyler S Kaster, Michael S Martin, Alexander I F Simpson
We describe the application of a life-trajectory model of suicide to the prison setting and its implication for suicide risk detection. A model has been developed that describes two distinct trajectories culminating in suicide: one with large amounts of adversity early in life with a young age of suicide and another with chronic, gradually accumulating adversity with a later age of suicide. Support for applying the life-trajectory model to the prison population is found in prison-centric models of suicidal behavior and clinical profiles of individuals at high risk of suicide in prisons...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264670/examining-the-quality-of-childhood-tuberculosis-diagnosis-in-cambodia-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Julia B Frieze, Rajendra-Prasad Yadav, Khann Sokhan, Song Ngak, Team Bak Khim
BACKGROUND: Cambodia is one of the 22 countries with the highest TB burden. While childhood TB is estimated to make up 10-20% of total TB cases in high-burden settings, this proportion ranges from 1.3 to 39.4% throughout Cambodia's provinces, suggesting potential under- and over-diagnosis of childhood TB, subnationally. The proportion of case notifications classified as extrapulmonary TB out of total TB case notifications in children is 87%, greatly exceeding the expected global range of 20-30%...
March 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263750/maternal-stress-and-neonatal-anthropometry-the-nichd-fetal-growth-studies
#13
Deborah A Wing, Ana M Ortega-Villa, William A Grobman, Mary L Hediger, Jagteshwar Grewal, Sarah J Pugh, Sungduk Kim, Roger Newman, Ed Chien, John Owen, Mary E D'Alton, Ronald Wapner, Anthony Sciscione, Paul S Albert, Katherine L Grantz
BACKGROUND: The effect of maternal mood disorders on neonatal measurements is not well defined. The Fetal Growth Studies - Singletons provide a unique opportunity to evaluate the relationship between perceived maternal stress and neonatal growth measurements. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether perceived maternal stress during pregnancy is associated with anthropometric measurements in the neonate. STUDY DESIGN: This analysis was based on a prospective, multi-center longitudinal study of fetal growth...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263558/encoded-silicon-chip-based-platform-for-combinatorial-synthesis-and-screening
#14
Julian Vastl, Tina Wang, Thi B Trinh, David A Spiegel
Solid-supported chemical libraries have proven useful for the rapid and cost-effective discovery of bioactive compounds. However, traditional on-bead screening involves time-intensive chemical characterization of hit compounds and high false positive rates. Herein, we report a new platform for encoded chemical synthesis and solid-supported screening using p-Chips, microsized silicon microtransponders capable of storing and emitting unique numerical identifiers (IDs). By encoding the structures of library members using p-Chip IDs, we can track compound identities throughout both split-and-pool synthesis and protein binding assays without destructive cleavage...
March 6, 2017: ACS Combinatorial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260532/the-role-of-chewing-lice-phthiraptera-philopteridae-as-intermediate-hosts-in-the-transmission-of-hymenolepis-microps-cestoda-cyclophyllidea-from-the-willow-ptarmigan-lagopus-lagopus-aves-tetraonidae
#15
D Pistone, M Lindgren, P Holmstad, N K Ellingsen, H Kongshaug, F Nilsen, A Skorping
The cestode Hymenolepis microps is an intestinal parasite of tetraonid birds, including the willow ptarmigan (Lagopus lagopus). This parasite is able to maintain a high prevalence and intensity throughout the year, even in a subarctic environment in bird populations with relatively low host densities, indicating effective transmission routes. Willow ptarmigan consume mainly vegetal material and active consumption of invertebrates is confined to the first two or three weeks of life. Ptarmigan are infected by different species of ectoparasites, of which two species of feather lice, Lagopoecus affinis and Goniodes lagopi, are the most abundant...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248960/human-cystic-echinococcosis-in-morocco-ultrasound-screening-in-the-mid-atlas-through-an-italian-moroccan-partnership
#16
Houda Chebli, Abderrhamane Laamrani El Idrissi, Mustapha Benazzouz, Badre Eddine Lmimouni, Haddou Nhammi, Mourad Elabandouni, Mohammed Youbi, Rajaa Afifi, Sara Tahiri, Abdellah Essayd El Feydi, Adbellatif Settaf, Carmine Tinelli, Annalisa De Silvestri, Souad Bouhout, Bernadette Abela-Ridder, Simone Magnino, Enrico Brunetti, Carlo Filice, Francesca Tamarozzi
BACKGROUND: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a neglected parasitic zoonosis with considerable socioeconomic impact on affected pastoral communities. CE is endemic throughout the Mediterranean, including Morocco, where the Mid Atlas is the most prevalent area for both human and animal infection. The highest hospital annual incidence of human CE is recorded in the provinces of Ifrane and El Hajeb. However, hospital-based statistics likely underestimate the real prevalence of infection, as a proportion of cases never reach medical attention or official records...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246451/gastrointestinal-parasitism-of-goats-in-hilly-region-of-meghalaya-india
#17
Meena Das, R Laha, A Goswami, A Goswami
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) parasitic infections in goats of hilly region of Meghalaya. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 834 fecal samples of goats were screened for 1 year (2014-2015) using flotation techniques. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of GI parasitic infections in goats was 28.65%. Season-wise highest infections were recorded during rainy season (34.92%) followed by cool (26...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245912/mutational-screening-in-genes-related-to-porto-pulmonary-hypertension-an-analysis-of-6-cases
#18
Guillermo Pousada, Adolfo Baloira, Diana Valverde
INTRODUCTION: Portopulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a rare disease with a low incidence and without a clearly-identified genetic component. The aim of this work was to check genes and genetic modifiers related to pulmonary arterial hypertension in patients with PPH in order to clarify the molecular basis of the pathology. PATIENTS: We selected a total of 6 patients with PPH and amplified the exonic regions and intronic flanking regions of the relevant genes and regions of interest of the genetic modifiers...
February 25, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240969/evidence-of-stage-shift-in-women-diagnosed-with-ovarian-cancer-during-phase-ii-of-the-united-kingdom-familial-ovarian-cancer-screening-study
#19
Adam N Rosenthal, Lindsay S M Fraser, Susan Philpott, Ranjit Manchanda, Matthew Burnell, Philip Badman, Richard Hadwin, Ivana Rizzuto, Elizabeth Benjamin, Naveena Singh, D Gareth Evans, Diana M Eccles, Andy Ryan, Robert Liston, Anne Dawnay, Jeremy Ford, Richard Gunu, James Mackay, Steven J Skates, Usha Menon, Ian J Jacobs
Purpose To establish the performance of screening with serum cancer antigen 125 (CA-125), interpreted using the risk of ovarian cancer algorithm (ROCA), and transvaginal sonography (TVS) for women at high risk of ovarian cancer (OC) or fallopian tube cancer (FTC). Patients and Methods Women whose estimated lifetime risk of OC/FTC was ≥ 10% were recruited at 42 centers in the United Kingdom and underwent ROCA screening every 4 months. TVS occurred annually if ROCA results were normal or within 2 months of an abnormal ROCA result...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225335/integrating-tuberculosis-screening-in-kenyan-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-programs
#20
L M Cranmer, A Langat, K Ronen, C J McGrath, S LaCourse, J Pintye, B Odeny, B Singa, A Katana, L Nganga, J Kinuthia, G John-Stewart
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) screening in Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission (PMTCT) programs is important to improve TB detection, prevention and treatment. METHODS: As part of a national PMTCT program evaluation, mother-infant pairs attending 6-week and 9-month immunization visits were enrolled at 141 maternal and child health clinics throughout Kenya. Clinics were selected using population-proportion-to-size sampling with oversampling in a high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence region...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
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