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Hypothyroidism AND Iodine

Alina Gavrila, Per-Olof Hasselgren, Allison Glasgow, Ashley N Doyle, Alice Lee, Peter Fox, Gautam Shiva, James V Hennessey, Gerald M Kolodny, Aaron M Cypess
BACKGROUND: In addition to its role in adaptive thermogenesis, brown adipose tissue (BAT) may protect from weight gain, insulin resistance/diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Prior studies have shown contradictory results regarding the influence of thyroid hormone (TH) levels on BAT volume and activity. The aim of this pilot study was to gain further insight regarding the effect of TH treatment on BAT function in adult humans by evaluating the BAT mass and activity prospectively in six patients, first in the hypothyroid and then in the thyrotoxic phase...
October 17, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Aimee Seungdamrong
Subclinical hypothyroidism has been found to be associated with adverse reproductive outcomes, such as infertility, miscarriage, preterm birth, and complications of pregnancy. Multiple studies have investigated the relationships between thyroid function, thyroid antibodies, fertility, and pregnancy. Thyroid autoimmunity is the most common cause of hypothyroidism in iodine-sufficient locations. Thyroid antibodies have been associated with adverse reproductive outcomes such as miscarriage and infertility. Debate exists regarding the method of identification of thyroid dysfunction in pregnancy, which can be conducted by targeted screening or by universal screening...
October 14, 2016: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
M H Listewnik, M J Listewnik, T Miazgowski, K Jaskólska, K Jasiakiewicz, B Birkenfeld
Introduction: Earlier studies suggest increased serum levels of thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb) in some cases with non-autoimmune hyperthyroidism. The aim of the study was to assess the incidence of hypothyroidism in patients with nodular toxic goitre and toxic adenoma at 12 months after radioactive iodine therapy in the relation to TPOAb levels. Patients & Measurements: The study comprised 100 patients (83 females; 17 males) treated with radioactive iodine therapy. Serum concentrations of thyrotropin, free thyroxin, TPOAb, and anti-TSH receptor antibodies were assessed at baseline and 12 months after radioactive iodine therapy...
October 2016: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Lydie Ryšavá, Jaroslav Kříž
Diseases caused by Iodine deficit are preventable. Inter resort Commission for the solution of Iodine deficiency (MKJD) at State Institute for Health (SZU) in Prague has been taking effective measures which satisfied requirements of the Principles for sustainable elimination of diseases caused by Iodine deficiency ICCD WHO: 96 % of households is using iodized salt, average Iodine content is 25 mg/1 kg of salt. Data from studies show ioduria less 100 mcg/l in only 9 per cent of seniors, 5 % of children 7-10 years, 3 % of children 10-12 years...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Muthukrishnan Jayaraman, Anil Kumar Pawah, C S Narayanan
INTRODUCTION: Early and durable achievement of euthyroid or hypothyroid status with low likelihood of relapse is the key to effective treatment of Graves' disease (GD). Although antithyroid drugs (ATDs) are commonly used first-line agents, likelihood of remission remains highest with radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy and surgery. Data regarding efficacy and economical superiority of RAI therapy over ATDs are lacking from India. This study was designed to study the response to long-term (>12 months) use of ATDs in GD with respect to attainment of remission and to compare the cost of treatment with ATDs versus RAI therapy beyond 12 months...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Adina Elena Stanciu, Anca Elena Hurduc, Marcel Marian Stanciu
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the effects of thyroid hormone withdrawal on N-terminal prohormone forms of atrial natriuretic peptide (NT-proANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) during radioiodine therapy in female patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). METHODS: Serum concentrations of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT3), NT-proANP and NT-proBNP were measured in 51 female patients with DTC (48.7 ± 4.2 years) at three time-points: day of radioiodine therapy (t1 - under acute hypothyroidism), 5 days after radioiodine (t2 - under acute hypothyroidism) and 3 months after radioiodine (t3 - under TSH suppression)...
September 26, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Peter Donovan, Donald McLeod, Richard Little, Louisa Gordon
OBJECTIVE: Little data exists about the most cost-effective primary treatment for Graves' disease. We performed a cost-utility analysis comparing radioactive iodine [RAI]; antithyroid drugs [ATD]); and total thyroidectomy (TT) as first-line therapy for Graves' disease in England and Australia. METHODS: We used a Markov model to compare lifetime costs and benefits (quality adjusted life-years [QALYs]). The model included efficacy, rates of relapse and major complications associated with each treatment, and alternative second-line therapies...
September 15, 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
Gurmit Gill, Hammad Bajwa, Peter Strouhal, Harit N Buch
BACKGROUND: Interferon alpha is a widely used therapeutic agent in the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection. Clinical thyroid disease is seen in nearly 15 % of patients receiving interferon alpha for hepatitis C virus infection. The mechanism of thyroid dysfunction with interferon alpha is either autoimmune or inflammatory. We report a case of young woman who developed biphasic thyroid dysfunction posing a diagnostic challenge, while receiving interferon alpha treatment for hepatitis C virus infection...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Klaus Mann, Gerhard Hintze
Endocrine disorders may have an important influence on fertility, the course of a pregnancy and fetal development. For example, fertility is decreased and the risk of miscarriage is increased in women with autoimmune disorders, such as Addison's disease or autoimmune thyroiditis. Treatment of endocrine diseases in many cases has to be adapted during the course of a pregnancy. In patients with Addison's disease the dosage of hydrocortisone necessarily has to be increased. This is also valid for the time of delivery...
September 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Markus-Johann Dechant, Natascha van der Werf-Grohmann, Elena Neumann, Ute Spiekerkoetter, Brigitte Stiller, Jochen Grohmann
BACKGROUND: Cardiac catheterisation requiring the use of contrast medium is increasingly utilised in infants with congenital heart disease. Thyroid function in infants is potentially vulnerable to relatively high doses of iodine. METHODS: Single-centre prospective study of 21 patients (10 neonates, 11 infants) exposed to iodine during cardiac catheterisation. Median age was 30days (1-180), median body weight 3.3kg (1.6-7.0). Serum-levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free triiodothyronine (fT3) and free thyroxine (fT4) were measured at baseline before, and at three different times points after intervention...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Fiona L R Williams, Jennifer Watson, Chris Day, Aung Soe, Sateesh K Somisetty, Lesley Jackson, Elena Velten, Anita Boelen
BACKGROUND: Infants <32 weeks' gestation should not be exposed to topical iodine and its avoidance is recommended during pregnancy and breast feeding. Exposure to contrast media and topical iodine is frequently used in many preterm neonates. AIM: To determine whether thyrotropin levels in preterm infants are affected by exposure to intrapartum/neonatal topical iodine and/or the use of iodinated contrast media. DESIGN: Infants <32 weeks' gestation were recruited...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Juliette Eroukhmanoff, Frederic Castinetti, Nicolas Penel, Sebastien Salas
BACKGROUND: While hypothyroidism has frequently been reported with the use of TKIs, the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) suppressing effect of TKIs is rare, except for thyroiditis. We describe a case with progressive recurrent chordoma who initially became hyperthyroid in a context of autoimmunity under sorafenib treatment and later under imatinib treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old man with lumbar chordoma began daily treatment of 800 mg sorafenib. He did not have any other medication or recent iodinated-contrast exposure and his family history was negative for thyroid and autoimmune disease...
2016: BMC Cancer
Sonali Malhotra, Shilpa Kumta, Alok Bhutada, Elka Jacobson-Dickman, Roja Motaghedi
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal thyrotoxicosis is a life-threatening condition with potentially irreversible neurologic sequelae. Most cases are seen in neonates born to mothers with Graves' disease. Topical iodine-induced hypothyroidism has been reported in neonates, but iodine-induced neonatal hyperthyroidism has not been described; albeit a familiar entity in adults. CASE DESCRIPTION: Herein we present a unique case of a neonate, born with a giant omphalocele, who was treated with topical povidone-iodine dressings to promote escharification, in preparation for delayed surgical closure...
April 2016: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
Juan Carlo P Dayrit, Elaine C Cunanan, Sjoberg A Kho
BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia developing in hypothyroid patients has been encountered in clinical practice; however, its prevalence has not been well established. METHODS: Thirty patients diagnosed with differentiated thyroid cancer, rendered hypothyroid after surgery and levothyroxine withdrawal, and who are for radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation were included. Serum sodium concentrations were measured twice, at the time of admission for RAI ablation, and before discharge after increased oral fluid intake...
September 2016: Endocrinology and Metabolism
Elizabeth N Pearce, John H Lazarus, Rodrigo Moreno-Reyes, Michael B Zimmermann
Severe iodine deficiency during development results in maternal and fetal hypothyroidism and associated serious adverse health effects, including cretinism and growth retardation. Universal salt iodization is the first-line strategy for the elimination of severe iodine deficiency. Iodine supplementation is recommended for vulnerable groups in severely iodine-deficient regions where salt iodization is infeasible or insufficient. A recent clinical trial has informed best practices for iodine supplementation of severely iodine-deficient lactating mothers...
September 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Gül Ege Aktaş, Halil Turgut Turoğlu, Tanju Yusuf Erdil, Sabahat İnanır, Fuat Dede
OBJECTIVE: Geriatric patient population has special importance due to particular challenges. In addition to the increase in incidence of toxic nodular goiter (TNG) with age, it has a high incidence in the regions of low-medium iodine intake such as in our country. The aim of this study was to evaluate the overall outcome of high fixed dose radioiodine (RAI) therapy, and investigate the particular differences in the geriatric patient population. METHODS: One hundred and three TNG patients treated with high dose I-131 (370-740 MBq) were retrospectively reviewed...
October 5, 2015: Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy
John P Walsh
Serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) testing is the best screening tool for thyroid dysfunction. When TSH levels are in the reference range, additional tests such as free thyroxine, free triiodothyronine or thyroid antibodies rarely add value, except in patients with pituitary disease, when TSH is unreliable. Overt hypothyroidism and subclinical hypothyroidism with TSH levels > 10 mU/L can be treated without further investigation. The health impact of subclinical hypothyroidism with mildly elevated levels of TSH (4-10 mU/L) remains uncertain, particularly in older people; treatment or observation are reasonable options...
August 15, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
L Vannucci, G Parenti, G Simontacchi, G Rastrelli, C Giuliani, A Ognibene, A Peri
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of hypothyroidism as a cause of hyponatremia in a clinical model of iatrogenic acute hypothyroidism due to thyroid hormone withdrawal prior to ablative radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy after total thyroidectomy. METHODS: The study group consisted of 101 differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients (77 women and 24 men). Plasma concentration of thyroid-stimulating hormone ([TSH]) and sodium ([Na(+)]) was evaluated before total thyroidectomy (pre[TSH] and pre[Na(+)]) and on the day of RAI therapy (post[TSH] and post[Na(+)])...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Tetsuya Mizokami, Shuji Fukata, Akira Hishinuma, Takahiko Kogai, Katsuhiko Hamada, Tetsushi Maruta, Kiichiro Higashi, Junichi Tajiri
BACKGROUND: Iodide transport defect (ITD) is a dyshormonogenetic congenital hypothyroidism caused by sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) gene mutations. In the lactating mammary gland, iodide is concentrated by NIS, and iodine for thyroid hormone synthesis is thereby supplied to the infant in the breast milk. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 34-year-old Japanese woman was diagnosed with ITD caused by a homozygous NIS gene mutation T354P. She had begun treatment of primary hypothyroidism with levothyroxine at the age of 5...
July 2016: European Thyroid Journal
Jamile Calil-Silveira, Caroline Serrano-Nascimento, Raquel Cardoso Laconca, Letícia Schmiedecke, Rafael Barrera Salgueiro, Ayrton Kimidi Kondo, Maria Tereza Nunes
BACKGROUND: Iodine is essential for thyroid hormone synthesis and is an important regulator of thyroid function. Chronic iodine deficiency leads to hypothyroidism, but iodine excess also impairs thyroid function causing hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and/or thyroiditis. This study aimed to investigate the underlying mechanisms by which exposure to chronic iodine excess impairs pituitary-thyroid axis function. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were treated for two months with NaI (0...
October 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
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