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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724762/stability-of-cucumber-necrosis-virus-at-the-quasi-six-fold-axis-affects-zoospore-transmission
#1
Michael B Sherman, Kishore Kakani, D'Ann Rochon, Wen Jiang, Neil R Voss, Thomas J Smith
Cucumber necrosis virus (CNV) is a member of the genus Tombusvirus and has a monopartite positive-sense RNA genome. CNV is transmitted in nature via zoospores of the fungus, Olpidium bornovanus As with other members of the Tombusvirus genus, the CNV capsid swells when exposed to alkaline pH and EDTA. We previously demonstrated that a P73G mutation blocks the virus from zoospore transmission while not significantly affecting replication in plants (1). P73 lies immediately adjacent to a putative zinc binding site (2) that is formed by three icosahedrally related His residues in the N-termini of the C subunit at the quasi 6-fold axes...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710427/the-essential-role-of-tap73-in-bortezomib-induced-apoptosis-in-p53-deficient-colorectal-cancer-cells
#2
Yasamin Dabiri, Sara Kalman, Clara-Marie Gürth, Jee Young Kim, Viola Mayer, Xinlai Cheng
Mutations in the tumor suppressor p53 are among the most highly occurring events in colorectal cancer (CRC). Such mutations have been shown to influence the sensitivity of cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents. However their impact on the efficacy of the proteasomal inhibitor bortezomib remains controversial. We thus re-evaluated the toxicity of bortezomib in the CRC cell lines HCT116 wt (wild-type) and its p53-/- clone. Transient resistance to bortezomib treatment was observed in p53-null cells that was later accompanied by an increase in levels and nuclear translocation of TAp73, an isoform of the p53-homologue p73, as well as induction of apoptosis...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697449/binding-kinetics-of-mutant-p53r175h-with-wild-type-p53-and-p63-a-surface-plasmon-resonance-and-atomic-force-spectroscopy-study
#3
Ilaria Moscetti, Anna Rita Bizzarri, Salvatore Cannistraro
The oncogenic mutant p53R175H, one of the most frequently occurring in human cancers and usually associated with poor prognosis and chemo resistance, can exert a dominant negative effect over p53 family members, namely wild type p53, p63 and p73, inhibiting their oncosuppressive function. Novel anticancer strategies based on drugs able to prevent the formation of complexes between p53R175H and the p53 family members call for a deeper knowledge on the molecular mechanisms of their interaction. To this aim, p53R175H/p63 and p53R175H/p53 complexes were investigated in vitro by using Surface Plasmon Resonance and Atomic Force Spectroscopy, two emerging and complementary techniques able to provide interaction kinetic information, in near physiological conditions and without any labelling...
July 5, 2017: Biophysical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693277/curcumol-triggers-apoptosis-of-p53-mutant-triple-negative-human-breast-cancer-mda-mb-231-cells-via-activation-of-p73-and-puma
#4
Lanzhen Huang, Ang Li, Guanzhen Liao, Feicheng Yang, Jing Yang, Xu Chen, Xiaoshan Jiang
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC; estrogen receptor-negative, progesterone receptor-negative and Her-2-negative) is often accompanied by a higher frequency of p53 gene mutations. Therefore, TNBC is challenging to treat due to a lack of biological targets and a poor sensitivity to conventional therapies. Curcumol is a monomer composition isolated from the ethanol extracts of Curcuma wenyujin, a Chinese medicinal herb traditionally used as a cancer remedy. Previous studies have revealed that curcumol is able to block proliferation in various human tumor cell lines...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690024/the-p53-gene-with-emphasis-on-its-paralogues-in-mosquitoes
#5
REVIEW
Tien-Huang Chen, Yi-Jun Wu, Jiun-Nan Hou, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Wei-June Chen
The p53 gene is highly important in human cancers, as it serves as a tumor-suppressor gene. Subsequently, two p53 homologues, i.e., p73 and p63, with high identity of amino acids were identified, leading to construction of the p53 family. The p53 gene is highly important in human cancer because it usually transcribes genes that function by causing apoptosis in mammalian cells. In contrast, p63 and p73 tend to be more important in modulating development than inducing cell death, even though they share similar protein structures...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679648/effects-of-microrna-374-on-proliferation-migration-invasion-and-apoptosis-of-human-scc-cells-by-targeting-gadd45a-through-p53-signaling-pathway
#6
Xiao-Jing Li, Zhi-Feng Li, Jiu-Jiang Wang, Zhao Han, Zhao Liu, Bao-Guo Liu
This study investigated the effects of microRNA-374 (miR-374) on human squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis through P53 signaling pathway by targeting Gadd45a. Skin samples were collected from patients with skin SCC and normal skin samples. Expression of miR-374, Gadd45a, P53, P73, P16, c-myc, bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3 and caspase-9 were detected using qRT-PCR and western blotting. A431 and SCL-1 cells were divided into blank, negative control (NC), miR-374 mimics, miR374 inhibitors, siRNA-Gadd45a, and miR-374 inhibitors + siRNA-Gadd45a groups...
July 5, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674078/tp53inp1-down-regulation-activates-a-p73-dependent-dusp10-erk-signaling-pathway-to-promote-metastasis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
Kai-Yu Ng, Lok-Hei Chan, Stella Chai, Man Tong, Xin-Yuan Guan, Nikki P Lee, Yunfei Yuan, Dan Xie, Terence K Lee, Nelson J Dusetti, Alice Carrier, Stephanie Ma
Identifying critical factors involved in the metastatic progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) may offer important therapeutic opportunities. Here we report that the pro-apoptotic stress response factor TP53INP1 is often selectively down-regulated in advanced stage IV and metastatic human HCC tumors. Mechanistic investigations revealed that TP53INP1 down-regulation in early stage HCC cells promoted metastasis via DUSP10 phosphatase-mediated activation of the ERK pathway. The DUSP10 promoter included putative binding sites for p73 directly implicated in modulation by TP53INP1...
July 3, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655470/keratinocytes-in-atopic-dermatitis-express-abundant-%C3%AE-np73-regulating-thymic-stromal-lymphopoietin-production-via-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#8
Ayako Kumagai, Terufumi Kubo, Koji Kawata, Ryuta Kamekura, Keiji Yamashita, Sumito Jitsukawa, Tomonori Nagaya, Yasuyuki Sumikawa, Tetsuo Himi, Toshiharu Yamashita, Shingo Ichimiya
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that often cannot be completely controlled by modern medicine. Since multiple factors are intricately involved in the pathogenesis of AD, wide-ranging research is required for further advancement of AD treatment. Epidermal keratinocytes are the forefront to the external environment and play a pivotal role in the initiation of immune reaction against exogenous invasion. OBJECTIVE: Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a keratinocyte-derived cytokine that induces differentiation and activation of type 2 helper T cells and innate lymphoid cells, cardinal effectors in pathophysiology of AD...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654906/p53-p63-and-p73-in-the-wonderland-of-s-cerevisiae
#9
REVIEW
Olivier Billant, Marc Blondel, Cécile Voisset
Since its discovery in 1979, p53 has been on the forefront of cancer research. It is considered a master gene of cancer suppression and is found mutated in around 50% of all human tumors. In addition, the progressive identification of p53-related transcription factors p63 and p73 as well as their multiple isoforms have added further layers of complexity to an already dense network. Among the numerous models used to unravel the p53 family mysteries, S. cerevisiae has been particularly useful. This seemingly naive model allows the expression of a functional human p53 and thus the assessment of p53 intrinsic transcriptional activity...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647672/therapeutic-targeting-of-nuclear-export-inhibition-in-lung-cancer
#10
Arjun Gupta, Jessica M Saltarski, Michael A White, Pier P Scaglioni, David E Gerber
Intracellular compartmentalization and trafficking of molecules plays a critical role in complex and essential cellular processes. In lung cancer and other malignancies, aberrant nucleocytoplasmic transport of tumor suppressor proteins and cell cycle regulators results in tumorigenesis and inactivation of apoptosis. Pharmacologic targeting of this process, termed selective inhibition of nuclear export (SINE), has demonstrated anti-tumor efficacy in preclinical models and human clinical trials. Exportin-1 (XPO1)-which serves as the sole exporter of several tumor suppressor proteins and cell cycle regulators, including retinoblastoma (Rb), adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), p53, p73, p21, p27, FOXO, STAT3, IKB, topoisomerase II and PAR-4-is the principal focus of SINE drug development...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639950/reactive-oxygen-species-generation-and-increase-in-mitochondrial-copy-number-new-insight-into-the-potential-mechanism-of-cytotoxicity-induced-by-aurora-kinase-inhibitor-azd1152-hqpa
#11
Ali Zekri, Yashar Mesbahi, Samad Ghanizadeh-Vesali, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh, Seyed H Ghaffari
Aurora-B kinase overexpression plays important roles in the malignant progression of prostate cancer (PCa). AZD1152-HQPA, as an inhibitor of Aurora-B, has recently emerged as a promising agent for cancer treatment. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of AZD1152-HQPA on reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and mitochondrial function in PCa. We used AZD1152-HQPA (Barasertib), a highly potent and selective inhibitor of Aurora-B kinase. The effects of AZD1152-HQPA on cell viability, DNA content, cell morphology, and ROS production were studied in the androgen-independent PC-3 PCa cell line...
June 21, 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639399/tp73-as1-promotes-breast-cancer-cell-proliferation-through-mir-200a-mediated-tfam-inhibition
#12
Jia Yao, Feng Xu, Danhua Zhang, Wenjun Yi, Xianyu Chen, Gannong Chen, Enxiang Zhou
P73 antisense RNA 1T (TP73-AS1 or PDAM) is a long non-coding RNA, which can regulate apoptosis through regulation of p53 signaling-related anti-apoptotic genes. An abnormal change of TP73-AS1 expression was noticed in cancers. The effects of TP73-AS1 in breast cancer (BC) growth and the underlying mechanism remain unclear so far. In the present study, the effect of TP73-AS1 in BC cell lines and clinical tumor samples was detected so as to reveal its role and function. In the present study, TP73-AS1 was specifically upregulated in BC tissues and BC cell lines and was correlated to a poorer prognosis in patients with BC...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635633/new-insights-in-thyroid-cancer-and-p53-family-proteins
#13
REVIEW
Livia Manzella, Stefania Stella, Maria Stella Pennisi, Elena Tirrò, Michele Massimino, Chiara Romano, Adriana Puma, Martina Tavarelli, Paolo Vigneri
Thyroid cancers are common endocrine malignancies that comprise tumors with different clinical and histological features. Indeed, papillary and follicular thyroid cancers are slow-growing, well-differentiated tumors, whereas anaplastic thyroid cancers are undifferentiated neoplasias that behave much more aggressively. Well-differentiated thyroid carcinomas are efficiently cured by surgery and radioiodine, unlike undifferentiated tumors that fail to uptake radioactive iodine and are usually resistant to chemotherapy...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630419/iscador-qu-inhibits-doxorubicin-induced-senescence-of-mcf7-cells
#14
T Srdic-Rajic, J F Santibañez, K Kanjer, N Tisma-Miletic, M Cavic, D Galun, M Jevric, N Kardum, A Konic-Ristic, T Zoranovic
Chemotherapy in patients with inoperable or advanced breast cancer inevitably results in low-dose exposure of tumor-cell subset and senescence. Metabolically active senescent cells secrete multiple tumor promoting factors making their elimination a therapeutic priority. Viscum album is one of the most widely used alternative anti-cancer medicines facilitating chemotherapy tolerance of breast cancer patients. The aim of this study was to model and investigate how Viscum album extracts execute additive anti-tumor activity with low-dose Dox using ER + MCF7 breast cancer cells...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617799/p53-and-tap63-participate-in-the-recombination-dependent-pachytene-arrest-in-mouse-spermatocytes
#15
Marina Marcet-Ortega, Sarai Pacheco, Ana Martínez-Marchal, Helena Castillo, Elsa Flores, Maria Jasin, Scott Keeney, Ignasi Roig
To protect germ cells from genomic instability, surveillance mechanisms ensure meiosis occurs properly. In mammals, spermatocytes that display recombination defects experience a so-called recombination-dependent arrest at the pachytene stage, which relies on the MRE11 complex-ATM-CHK2 pathway responding to unrepaired DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Here, we asked if p53 family members-targets of ATM and CHK2-participate in this arrest. We bred double-mutant mice combining a mutation of a member of the p53 family (p53, TAp63, or p73) with a Trip13 mutation...
June 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596495/association-of-p73-polymorphisms-with-susceptibilities-of-cervical-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis
#16
Xianghua Liang, Bingxiang Chen, Jianxin Zhong
OBJECTIVE: The relation between P73 gene polymorphism and cervical cancer has not been determined. At present, we utilized a meta-analysis method to elucidate the association between P73 and cervical cancer. RESULTS: The present study included 635 patients with cervical cancer and 998 cancer-free control subjects. Using meta-analysis, we found a significant association of P73 genetic polymorphism with cervical cancer in a recessive model [OR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.84-0...
May 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576884/mdm2-is-required-for-survival-and-growth-of-p53-deficient-cancer-cells
#17
Kyle P Feeley, Clare M Adams, Ramkrishna Mitra, Christine M Eischen
p53 deletion prevents the embryonic lethality of normal tissues lacking Mdm2, suggesting that cells can survive without Mdm2 if p53 is also absent. Here we report evidence challenging this view, with implications for therapeutically targeting Mdm2. Deletion of Mdm2 in T-cell lymphomas or sarcomas lacking p53 induced apoptosis and G2 cell-cycle arrest, prolonging survival of mice with these tumors. p53(-/-) fibroblasts showed similar results, indicating that the effects of Mdm2 loss extend to premalignant cells...
July 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565861/global-methylation-and-promoter-specific-methylation-of-the-p16-socs-1-e-cadherin-p73-and-shp-1-genes-and-their-expression-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-during-active-disease-and-remission
#18
Déborah Martínez-Baños, Beatríz Sánchez-Hernández, Guadalupe Jiménez, Georgina Barrera-Lumbreras, Olga Barrales-Benítez
Tumor suppressor gene promoter CpG island methylation is a well-recognized mechanism in cancer pathogenesis, but its role in multiple myeloma (MM) is controversial. The present study investigated the methylation status and expression of P16, suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS-1), P73, E-cadherin and Src homology region 2 domain-containing phosphatase 1 (SHP-1), as well as global methylation in patients with MM during active disease and remission. Bone marrow samples were obtained from 43 patients at the Multiple Myeloma Clinic, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán (Mexico City, Mexico) during active disease and remission...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555173/efficacy-and-molecular-mechanisms-of-differentiated-response-to-the-aurora-and-angiogenic-kinase-inhibitor-enmd-2076-in-preclinical-models-of-p53-mutated-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#19
Anastasia A Ionkina, John J Tentler, Jihye Kim, Anna Capasso, Todd M Pitts, Karen A Ryall, Rebekah R Howison, Peter Kabos, Carol A Sartorius, Aik Choon Tan, S Gail Eckhardt, Jennifer R Diamond
PURPOSE: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a subtype associated with poor prognosis and for which there are limited therapeutic options. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ENMD-2076 in p53-mutated TNBC patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models and describe patterns of terminal cell fate in models demonstrating sensitivity, intrinsic resistance, and acquired resistance to ENMD-2076. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: p53-mutated, TNBC PDX models were treated with ENMD-2076 and evaluated for mechanisms of sensitivity or resistance to treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551631/aberration-of-p73-promoter-methylation-in-chondrosarcoma
#20
Pei Liu, Cassandra Garbutt, Francis J Hornicek, Fuyun Liu, Zhenfeng Duan
BACKGROUND: p73 is a tumor-suppressor gene with significant homology to p53. Abnormal promoter methylation of p73 is present in different types of cancer. However, the promoter methylation status of p73 in chondrosarcoma (CS) is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: p73 promoter methylation status was evaluated by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR), p73 protein expression by western blot, and the relationship between p73 methylation and clinical data was analyzed...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
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