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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812096/perceived-racism-and-incident-diabetes-in-the-black-women-s-health-study
#1
Kathryn L Bacon, Sherri O Stuver, Yvette C Cozier, Julie R Palmer, Lynn Rosenberg, Edward A Ruiz-Narváez
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to assess the association of perceived racism with type 2 diabetes, and the possible mediating influence of diet and BMI. METHODS: The Black Women's Health Study, a follow-up of 59,000 African-American women, began in 1995. Over 16 years 5344 incident cases of diabetes occurred during 576,577 person-years. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimated HRs and 95% CIs for categories of 'everyday racism' (interpersonal racism in daily life) and 'lifetime racism' (reporting ever treated unfairly due to race with respect to police, housing or work) and incident type 2 diabetes...
August 15, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811840/francis-bacon-and-his-invisible-rooms-human-emotions-so-felt-but-not-so-easily-seen
#2
Francesco Carelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803559/rethinking-the-idea-of-late-autism-spectrum-disorder-onset
#3
Elizabeth C Bacon, Eric Courchesne, Cynthia Carter Barnes, Debra Cha, Sunny Pence, Laura Schreibman, Aubyn C Stahmer, Karen Pierce
A common theory of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptom onset includes toddlers who do not display symptoms until well after age 2, which are termed late-onset ASD cases. Objectives were to analyze differences in clinical phenotype between toddlers identified as ASD at initial evaluations (early diagnosed) versus those initially considered nonspectrum, then later identified as ASD (late diagnosed). Two hundred seventy-three toddlers recruited from the general population based on a failed developmental screening form or parent or physician concerns were followed longitudinally from 12 months and identified as early- and late-diagnosed cases of ASD, language delayed, or typically developing...
August 14, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801851/vertical-distribution-of-soil-extractable-organic-c-and-n-contents-and-total-c-and-n-stocks-in-78-year-old-tree-plantations-in-subtropical-australia
#4
Xiaoqi Zhou, Haibo Dong, Zhongming Lan, Gary Bacon, Yanbin Hao, Chengrong Chen
Few studies have focused on the effects of long-term forest plantations on the soil profile of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) stocks. In this study, we selected 78-year-old tree plantations that included three coniferous tree species (i.e., slash pine, hoop pine and kauri pine) and a Eucalyptus species in subtropical Australia. We measured soil extractable organic C (EOC) and N (EON) contents and total C and N stocks under different tree species on the forest floor and along a soil profile to 100 cm depth. The results showed that Eucalyptus had significantly higher soil EOC contents (3...
August 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796530/athletic-trainers-roles-and-responsibilities-regarding-academic-adjustments-as-part-of-the-concussion-management-process-in-the-secondary-school-setting
#5
Cailee E Welch Bacon, Melissa C Kay, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
CONTEXT:   Athletic trainers (ATs) play a vital role in managing the care of student-athletes after a sport-related concussion, yet little is known about their specific involvement in the implementation of academic adjustments as part of the concussion-management plan. OBJECTIVE:   To explore ATs' perceived roles and responsibilities regarding the implementation of academic adjustments for concussed student-athletes. DESIGN:   Qualitative study...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764067/effect-of-flavourzyme-on-proteolysis-antioxidant-activity-and-sensory-qualities-of-cantonese-bacon
#6
Siyu Zhang, Chaoyang Zhang, Yan Qiao, Lujuan Xing, Dacheng Kang, Iftikhar Ali Khan, Ming Huang, Guanghong Zhou
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of Flavourzyme on protein degradation, antioxidant activity and sensory qualities of Cantonese bacon made at 60°C for 28h. Flavourzyme was used at doses of 8, 16, 24, 32 and 40LAUP/kg of raw meat. Results indicated that Flavourzyme addition in Cantonese bacon promoted proteolysis, which was reflected by the increase of various free amino acids and SDS-PAGE-detected changes in the myogen and myofibrillar proteins. Sensory qualities were improved while TPA (texture profile analysis) was decreased significantly (P<0...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764028/sensory-evaluation-of-boar-meat-products-by-trained-experts
#7
Jella Wauters, Kaat Verplanken, Vicky Vercruysse, Bart Ampe, Marijke Aluwé, Lynn Vanhaecke
Rearing entire male pigs, one of the alternatives for surgical castration, entails the possible occurrence of boar taint. This study aimed at the investigation of the acceptability of meat from entire male pigs in 8 different meat products (cutlets, bacon, blade loin, tenderloin, dry fermented sausage, cooked ham, dry-cured ham and minced meat) by trained assessors. Generally, the sensory evaluation of meat samples was affected the most in the androstenone (AEON) group, indicating that AEON is the most offensive boar taint compound for sensitive assessors...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758989/corrigendum-palaeo-leaf-economics-reveal-a-shift-in-ecosystem-function-associated-with-the-end-triassic-mass-extinction-event
#8
W K Soh, I J Wright, K L Bacon, T I Lenz, M Steinthorsdottir, A C Parnell, J C McElwain
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/nplants.2017.104.
July 31, 2017: Nature Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757485/francis-bacon-s-i-valerius-terminus-i-and-the-voyage-to-the-great-instauration
#9
Richard Serjeantson
Francis Bacon's earliest surviving natural philosophical treatise (composed circa 1603) bears the title Valerius Terminus of the Interpretation of Nature. This study, resting on fresh attention to the surviving authorial manuscript, has three goals. It begins by identifying a lost precursor work apparently entitled "Of Active Knowledge." It then examines the significance of the pseudonyms Bacon chose to introduce his ideas, considering especially his invocation of Erasmus's emblem, the Roman deity Terminus...
2017: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749581/prediction-of-transporter-mediated-drug-drug-interactions-for-baricitinib
#10
Maria M Posada, Ellen A Cannady, Christopher D Payne, Xin Zhang, James A Bacon, Y Anne Pak, J William Higgins, Nazila Shahri, Stephen D Hall, Kathleen M Hillgren
Baricitinib, an oral selective Janus kinase 1 and 2 inhibitor, undergoes active renal tubular secretion. Baricitinib was not predicted to inhibit hepatic and renal uptake and efflux drug transporters, based on the ratio of the unbound maximum eliminating-organ inlet concentration and the in vitro half-maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50 ). In vitro, baricitinib was a substrate for organic anion transporter (OAT)3, multidrug and toxin extrusion protein (MATE)2-K, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP)...
July 27, 2017: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715459/efficacy-of-abdominal-acupuncture-for-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Lai Fun Ho, Zhi Xiu Lin, Albert Wing Nang Leung, Liyi Chen, Hongwei Zhang, Bacon Fung Leung Ng, Eric Tat Chi Ziea, Yuanqi Guo
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide evidence regarding the clinical efficacy of abdominal acupuncture for neck pain. METHODS: This randomized, patient and assessor-blind, sham-controlled trial was conducted at a Chinese medicine center in Hong Kong between November 2014 and March 2016. A total of 154 eligible participants (age range, 18-65 years) with neck pain were randomly assigned to receive abdominal (n = 77) or non-penetrating sham abdominal (sham group; n = 77) acupuncture...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714942/palaeo-leaf-economics-reveal-a-shift-in-ecosystem-function-associated-with-the-end-triassic-mass-extinction-event
#12
W K Soh, I J Wright, K L Bacon, T I Lenz, M Steinthorsdottir, A C Parnell, J C McElwain
Climate change is likely to have altered the ecological functioning of past ecosystems, and is likely to alter functioning in the future; however, the magnitude and direction of such changes are difficult to predict. Here we use a deep-time case study to evaluate the impact of a well-constrained CO2-induced global warming event on the ecological functioning of dominant plant communities. We use leaf mass per area (LMA), a widely used trait in modern plant ecology, to infer the palaeoecological strategy of fossil plant taxa...
July 17, 2017: Nature Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708425/reference-values-for-the-pediatric-quality-of-life-inventory-and-the-multidimensional-fatigue-scale-in-adolescent-athletes-by-sport-and-sex
#13
Alison R Snyder Valier, Cailee E Welch Bacon, R Curtis Bay, Eileen Molzen, Kenneth C Lam, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
BACKGROUND: Effective use of patient-rated outcome measures to facilitate optimal patient care requires an understanding of the reference values of these measures within the population of interest. Little is known about reference values for commonly used patient-rated outcome measures in adolescent athletes. PURPOSE: To determine reference values for the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) and the Multidimensional Fatigue Scale (MFS) in adolescent athletes by sport and sex...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692635/resisting-recist-uniformity-versus-clinical-validity
#14
Michelle K Wilson, Michael L Friedlander, Stephanie Lheureux, William Small, Andrés Poveda, Eric Pujade-Lauraine, Katherine Karakasis, Monica Bacon, Valerie Bowering, Tanya Chawla, Amit M Oza
OBJECTIVES: The Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) International Working Group developed criteria for tumor response and progression to standardize radiological assessment in patients receiving chemotherapy in phase 2 trials. However, it is unclear whether the defined percentage change in tumor size and volume reflects true clinical benefit for the patient. The RECIST criteria were designed to improve objectivity in trials, but not to replace clinical decision making...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691377/effectiveness-of-8-or-12-weeks-of-ledipasvir-and-sofosbuvir-in-real-world-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-genotype-1-hepatitis-c-infected-patients
#15
M P Curry, E B Tapper, B Bacon, D Dieterich, S L Flamm, L Guest, K V Kowdley, Y Lee, S Milligan, N Tsai, Z Younossi, N H Afdhal
BACKGROUND: Treatment of genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with combination direct acting anti-virals is associated with very high rates of sustained virological response (SVR). Daily combination of ledipasvir and sofosbuvir for 12 weeks is approved for the treatment of genotype 1 HCV patients, though noncirrhotic patients who are naïve to treatment with a baseline HCV RNA <6 million IU/mL can be treated for 8 weeks. This guidance stemmed from a post hoc analysis of the ION 3 clinical trial, which demonstrated similar SVR for patients treated with ledipasvir and sofosbuvir with or without ribavirin for 8 or 12 weeks...
July 10, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690692/provider-and-patient-perception-of-psychiatry-patient-health-literacy
#16
Opal Bacon, Amy Vandenberg, Meghan E May
BACKGROUND: Inadequate health literacy in adults is a nationwide issue that is associated with worse health outcomes. There is a paucity of literacy regarding rates of inadequate health literacy in psychiatric populations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify an existing tool that would easily identify patients who had inadequate health literacy, so that a targeted intervention could be performed. Secondarily we attempted to compare rates of inadequate health literacy with providers' perception of patients' health literacy...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667242/visual-diagnosis-7-week-old-girl-with-a-neck-mass
#17
Rachel Lieberman, Christine Scoby, Patrick Bacon, Mary Anne Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636536/intake-of-red-and-processed-meat-and-risk-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#18
Shaojing Zhang, Qingwei Wang, Juanjuan He
BACKGROUND: Findings on the association between intake of red and processed meat with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) risk are mixed. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate this association. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible studies up to August 31, 2016, were identified and retrieved by searching the MEDLINE and Embase databases along with manual review of the reference lists from the retrieved studies. The quality of the included studies was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630903/comment-1-on-formation-of-the-isthmus-of-panama-by-o-dea-et-al
#19
Carlos Jaramillo, Camilo Montes, Agustín Cardona, Daniele Silvestro, Alexandre Antonelli, Christine D Bacon
A review and reanalysis of geological, molecular, and paleontological data led O'Dea et al. (1) to propose (i) that reports by Montes et al. (2) and Bacon et al. (3) regarding a middle Miocene closure of the Central American Seaway (CAS) are unsupported, and (ii) a new age of the formation of the Isthmus at 2.8 million years ago (Ma). Here, we reject both of these conclusions.
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630118/childhood-firearm-injuries-in-the-united-states
#20
Katherine A Fowler, Linda L Dahlberg, Tadesse Haileyesus, Carmen Gutierrez, Sarah Bacon
OBJECTIVES: Examine fatal and nonfatal firearm injuries among children aged 0 to 17 in the United States, including intent, demographic characteristics, trends, state-level patterns, and circumstances. METHODS: Fatal injuries were examined by using data from the National Vital Statistics System and nonfatal injuries by using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Trends from 2002 to 2014 were tested using joinpoint regression analyses. Incident characteristics and circumstances were examined by using data from the National Violent Death Reporting System...
July 2017: Pediatrics
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