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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905997/the-adult-prevalence-of-hiv-in-zambia-results-from-a-population-based-mobile-testing-survey-conducted-in-2013-2014
#1
Pascalina Chanda-Kapata, Nathan Kapata, Eveline Klinkenberg, Ngosa William, Liwewe Mazyanga, Katoba Musukwa, Elizabeth Chizema Kawesha, Felix Masiye, Peter Mwaba
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the adult prevalence of HIV among the adult population in Zambia and determine whether demographic characteristics were associated with being HIV positive. METHODS: A cross sectional population based survey to asses HIV status among participants aged 15 years and above in a national tuberculosis prevalence survey. Counselling was offered to participants who tested for HIV. The prevalence was estimated using a logistic regression model. Univariate and multivariate associations of social demographic characteristics with HIV were determined...
January 19, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883908/scalable-preparation-characterization-and-application-of-alkali-treated-starch-as-a-new-organic-base-catalyst
#2
Fatemeh Tamaddon, MohammadTaghi KazemiVarnamkhasti
Preparation, characterization, and application of alkali starch (AS) given by dry co-grinding of starch and alkali is described in this work. Grinding using a mortar (agate) and pestle or, more conveniently, a ball mill has been found to be satisfactory for the preparation of the AS. The AS products were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and x-ray fluorescence (XRF) analyses. The base capacities of ASs were 4.25-4.45 mmol/g, respectively...
November 16, 2016: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882250/apical-revascularization-after-delayed-tooth-replantation-an-unusual-case
#3
Marília Pacífico Lucisano, Paulo Nelson-Filho, Lea Assed Bezerra Silva, Raquel Assed Bezerra Silva, Fabricio Kitazono de Carvalho, Alexandra Mussolino de Queiroz
The aim of this paper is to present the clinical and radiological outcome of the treatment involving a delayed tooth replantation after an avulsed immature permanent incisor, with a follow-up of 1 year and 6 months. An 8-year-old boy was referred after dental trauma that occurred on the previous day. The permanent maxillary right central incisor (tooth 11) had been avulsed. The tooth was hand-held during endodontic therapy and an intracanal medication application with calcium hydroxide-based paste was performed...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865529/application-of-acclimated-sewage-sludge-as-a-bio-augmentation-bio-stimulation-strategy-for-remediating-chlorpyrifos-contamination-in-soil-with-without-cadmium
#4
Can Wang, Zhiren Zhou, Hongdan Liu, Junjie Li, Ying Wang, Heng Xu
This experiment was performed to investigate the effects of acclimated sewage sludge (ASS) and sterilized ASS on the fates of chlorpyrifos (CP) in soil with or without cadmium (Cd), as well as the improvement of soil biochemical properties. Results showed that both ASS and sterilized ASS could significantly promote CP dissipation, and the groups with ASS had the highest efficiency on CP removal, whose degradation rates reached 71.3%-85.9% at the 30th day (40.4%-50.2% higher than non-sludge groups). Besides, the degradation rate of CP was not severely influenced by the existence of Cd, and the population of soil microorganism dramatically increased after adding sludge...
November 16, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846241/sprint-start-kinetics-of-amputee-and-non-amputee-sprinters
#5
Steffen Willwacher, Volker Herrmann, Kai Heinrich, Johannes Funken, Gerda Strutzenberger, Jan-Peter Goldmann, Björn Braunstein, Adam Brazil, Gareth Irwin, Wolfgang Potthast, Gert-Peter Brüggemann
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the forces applied to the starting blocks and the start performances (SPs) of amputee sprinters (ASs) and non-amputee sprinters (NASs). SPs of 154 male and female NASs (100-m personal records [PRs], 9.58-14.00 s) and 7 male ASs (3 unilateral above knee, 3 unilateral below knee, 1 bilateral below knee; 100 m PRs, 11.70-12.70 s) with running specific prostheses (RSPs) were analysed during full-effort sprint starts using instrumented starting blocks that measured the applied forces in 3D...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842622/effects-of-shelter-type-early-environmental-enrichment-and-weather-conditions-on-free-range-behaviour-of-slow-growing-broiler-chickens
#6
L M Stadig, T B Rodenburg, B Ampe, B Reubens, F A M Tuyttens
Free-range use by broiler chickens is often limited, whereas better use of the free-range area could benefit animal welfare. Use of free-range areas could be stimulated by more appropriate shelter or environmental enrichment (by decreasing birds' fearfulness). This study aimed to assess the effects of shelter type, early environmental enrichment and weather conditions on free-range use. Three production rounds with 440 slow-growing broiler chickens (Sasso T451) were carried out. Birds were housed indoors in four groups (two with males, two with females) from days 0 to 25, during which two of the groups received environmental enrichment...
November 15, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833955/neuro-neoplastic-interrelationships-in-colorectal-level-immunohistochemical-aspect-in-three-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Cristina Florescu, Octavian Istrătoaie, Georgică Costinel Târtea, Daniel Pirici, Costin Teodor Streba, Bogdan Cătălin, Ileana Puiu, Elena Anca Târtea, Daniel Cosmin Caragea, Mirela Corina Ghiluşi, Maria Victoria Comănescu, Ion Rogoveanu, Cristin Constantin Vere
Colorectal cancer represents a severe public health issue. Recent studies have shown the essential role played by nerves and their neurotransmitters in tumor initiation and progression. The aim of this study is to asses the expression of beta 2-adrenergic receptors (β2A) for adrenaline and noradrenaline, and the expression of M3 muscarinic receptors (M3R) for acetylcholine (neurotransmitters produced and released by sympathetic and parasympathetic afferents of the digestive tract and also by the enteric nervous system) in different tumor gradings of colorectal adenocarcinoma, and also the tropomyosin receptor kinase A (TrkA) for the nerve growth factor produced by the cells of colorectal adenocarcinoma...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826062/characteristics-aetiology-antimicrobial-resistance-and-outcomes-of-bacteraemic-cholangitis-in-patients-with-solid-tumours-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
C Royo-Cebrecos, C Gudiol, J García, F Tubau, J Laporte, C Ardanuy, M Antonio, M Marin, J B Gornals, J Carratalà
OBJECTIVES: To asses the clinical features, aetiology, antimicrobial resistance and outcomes of bacteraemic cholangitis in patients with solid tumours (ST). METHODS: All consecutive episodes of bacteraemia in hospitalized patients were prospectively analysed (2006-2015). RESULTS: Of 1852 episodes of bacteraemia, 750 involved patients with ST. Among them, 173 episodes (23%) were due to cholangitis. The most frequent neoplasms were hepato-biliary-pancreatic tumours (68...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825770/estimating-longitudinal-risks-and-benefits-from-cardiovascular-preventive-therapies-among-medicare-patients-the-million-hearts-longitudinal-ascvd-risk-assessment-tool
#9
Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Mark D Huffman, Kunal N Karmali, Darshak M Sanghavi, Janet S Wright, Colleen Pelser, Martha Gulati, Frederick A Masoudi, David C Goff
The Million Hearts Initiative has a goal of preventing 1 million heart attacks and strokes-the leading causes of mortality-through several public health and healthcare strategies by 2017. The American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology support the program. The Cardiovascular Risk Reduction Model was developed by Million Hearts and the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services as a strategy to asses a value-based payment approach toward reduction in 10-year predicted risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) by implementing cardiovascular preventive strategies to manage the "ABCS" (aspirin therapy in appropriate patients, blood pressure control, cholesterol management, and smoking cessation)...
October 28, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815375/estimating-longitudinal-risks-and-benefits-from-cardiovascular-preventive-therapies-among-medicare-patients-the-million-hearts-longitudinal-ascvd-risk-assessment-tool-a-special-report-from-the-american-heart-association-and-american-college-of-cardiology
#10
Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Mark D Huffman, Kunal N Karmali, Darshak M Sanghavi, Janet S Wright, Colleen Pelser, Martha Gulati, Frederick A Masoudi, David C Goff
The Million Hearts Initiative has a goal of preventing 1 million heart attacks and strokes-the leading causes of mortality-through several public health and healthcare strategies by 2017. The American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology support the program. The Cardiovascular Risk Reduction Model was developed by Million Hearts and the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services as a strategy to asses a value-based payment approach toward reduction in 10-year predicted risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) by implementing cardiovascular preventive strategies to manage the "ABCS" (aspirin therapy in appropriate patients, blood pressure control, cholesterol management, and smoking cessation)...
November 4, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814874/long-term-impact-of-ankle-sprains-on-postural-control-and-fascial-densification
#11
Leonid Kalichman, Hila Lachman, Naama Freilich
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a past ankle sprain (AS) on postural control and fascial changes in the adjacent body segment. METHODS: 20 young, healthy subjects with a history (≥6 months) of significant (Grades 2, 3) lateral ASs and 20 controls with no history of AS were recruited to cross-sectional case-control study. All subjects performed the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT). The Stecco method was used to evaluate fascial densification in the calf and upper foot areas...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814359/whole-transcriptome-selection-and-evaluation-of-internal-reference-genes-for-expression-analysis-in-protocorm-development-of-dendrobium-officinale-kimura-et-migo
#12
Hongqiang An, Qiankun Zhu, Wei Pei, Jing Fan, Yi Liang, Yihui Cui, Nan Lv, Wanjun Wang
Dendrobium officinale Kimu et Migo has increased many researchers' interest for its high medical and horticultural values and the molecular mechanism of its protocorm development remains unclear. In this study, 19 genes from 26 most stably expressed genes in whole transcriptome of protocorms and 5 housekeeping genes were used as candidate reference genes and screened with 4 application softwares (geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper and RefFinder). The results showed that a few reference genes could effectively normalize expression level of specific genes in protocorm development and the optimal top 2 reference genes were ASS and APH1L...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812208/viability-pcr-shows-that-naat-detects-a-high-proportion-of-dna-from-non-viable-chlamydia-trachomatis
#13
Kevin J H Janssen, Christian J P A Hoebe, Nicole H T M Dukers-Muijrers, Lisanne Eppings, Mayk Lucchesi, Petra F G Wolffs
OBJECTIVES: According to the current guidelines for laboratory diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) are the preferred diagnostic method for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infections. However, NAATs amplify the available target DNA without discriminating between DNA originating from viable or non-viable CT. Assessing CT viability will provide more insights in the clinical and public health relevance of a CT positive test result. The aim of this study was to technically validate and implement viability-PCR (V-PCR) to asses CT viability...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811755/three-new-species-of-nazeris-fauvel-in-xizang-china-coleoptera-staphylinidae-paederinae
#14
Jia-Yao Hu, Zhao-Hui Pan, Li-Zhen Li
The paederine genus Nazeris Fauvel, 1873 previously included 241 described species and seven subspecies (Assing, 2016). As many as 49 species have been recorded from the Himalaya (Assing, 2014). In China, Yunnan has the greatest diversity of Nazeris (45 species). Xizang is the second largest province of China, and adjacent to Yunnan and the Himalaya. But only two Nazeris species have been described from this area: N. motuensis Hu, Li & Zhao, 2008 and N. tangi Hu, Li & Zhao, 2008. Both of them were found in eastern Xizang...
October 17, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810671/a-multivariate-based-conflict-prediction-model-for-a-brazilian-freeway
#15
Felipe Caleffi, Michel José Anzanello, Helena Beatriz Bettella Cybis
Real-time collision risk prediction models relying on traffic data can be useful in dynamic management systems seeking at improving traffic safety. Models have been proposed to predict crash occurrence and collision risk in order to proactively improve safety. This paper presents a multivariate-based framework for selecting variables for a conflict prediction model on the Brazilian BR-290/RS freeway. The Bhattacharyya Distance (BD) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) are applied to a dataset comprised of variables that potentially help to explain occurrence of traffic conflicts; the parameters yielded by such multivariate techniques give rise to a variable importance index that guides variables removal for later selection...
October 27, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804316/the-existential-dimension-in-general-practice-identifying-understandings-and-experiences-of-general-practitioners-in-denmark
#16
Elisabeth Assing Hvidt, Jens Søndergaard, Jette Ammentorp, Lars Bjerrum, Dorte Gilså Hansen, Frede Olesen, Susanne S Pedersen, Helle Timm, Connie Timmermann, Niels Christian Hvidt
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify points of agreement and disagreements among general practitioners (GPs) in Denmark concerning how the existential dimension is understood, and when and how it is integrated in the GP-patient encounter. DESIGN: A qualitative methodology with semi-structured focus group interviews was employed. SETTING: General practice setting in Denmark. SUBJECTS: Thirty-one GPs from two Danish regions between 38 and 68 years of age participated in seven focus group interviews...
November 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800069/-acute-scrotal-swellings-at-louga-regional-hospital-senegal-epidemiologic-etiologic-and-therapeutic-aspects
#17
Ibrahima Diabaté, Bouréima Ouédraogo, Mbaye Thiam
INTRODUCTION: Acute scrotal swellings (ASS) are a common reason for emergency consultation. This study aims to determine the frequency of hospitalization for ASS at the Louga Amadou Sakhir Mbaye Regional Hospital, Senegal, to identify its clinical forms and to evaluate the care management. METHODS: This is a retrospective descriptive study involving 114 patients hospitalized for ASS at the Louga Amadou Sakhir Mbaye regional hospital, from May 2010 to August 2013...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795343/chlamydia-gonorrhea-and-trichomonas-combined-testing-using-the-bd-max%C3%A2-ct-gc-tv-assay-using-genitourinary-specimen-types
#18
Barbara Van Der Pol, James A Williams, DeAnna Fuller, Stephanie N Taylor, Edward W Hook
The BD MAX™ CT/GC/TV (MAX) assay is a true multiplex assay for simultaneous detection of chlamydia (CT), gonorrhea (GC) and trichomonas (TV). We evaluated the assay performance for women using endocervical and vaginal swabs as well as urine specimens. 1143 women were tested for CT/GC and TV and, subsequently another 847 (1990 total women) for CT/GC only with positivity rates for CT, GC and TV of 7.1, 2.3 and 13.5% respectively. In men the performance for CT and GC was determined using only urine specimens...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785550/the-effects-of-obstacle-proximity-on-aperture-crossing-behaviours
#19
Carmen S Baker, Michael E Cinelli
Affordance theory and behavioural dynamics have been used as theoretical constructs to explain how individuals interact with the environment in order to avoid obstacles. Features of obstacle distance and multiple obstacle avoidance have been discussed in unique studies, yet the interactions of these environmental features have yet to be explored. The purpose of this study was to asses the effects of obstacle distance, relative to the goal, on aperture crossing strategies. Kinematics and gaze behaviours were assessed in a cohort of female young adults (N = 24, 21...
October 26, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778159/the-role-of-sleep-on-cognition-and-functional-connectivity-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Quinten van Geest, B Westerik, Y D van der Werf, J J G Geurts, H E Hulst
Sleep disturbances are common in multiple sclerosis (MS), but its impact on cognition and functional connectivity (FC) of the hippocampus and thalamus is unknown. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between sleep disturbances, cognitive functioning and resting-state (RS) FC of the hippocampus and thalamus in MS. 71 MS patients and 40 healthy controls underwent neuropsychological testing and filled out self-report questionnaires (anxiety, depression, fatigue, and subjective cognitive problems). Sleep disturbances were assed with the five-item version of the Athens Insomnia Scale...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Neurology
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