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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534543/-evolution-of-patient-safety-culture-in-a-medium-stay-hospital-monitoring-indicators
#1
M J Merino-Plaza, F J Carrera-Hueso, M Castillo-Blasco, A Martínez-Asensi, R Martínez-Capella, N Fikri-Benbrahim
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is a challenge for health care. The aim of this study is to identify the dimensions with the greatest impact on patient safety culture of healthcare staff in a medium-stay hospital; to asses its evolution over time and to check the sensitivity of monitoring indicators. METHODS: Two cross-sectional studies (2013 to 2015) were conducted. The safety culture assessment tool used was the Spanish version of the "Hospital Survey on Patient Safety" (AHRQ)...
April 30, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520933/emergency-front-of-neck-access-scalpel-or-cannula-and-the-parable-of-buridan-s-ass%C3%A2
#2
K B Greenland, W P L Bradley, G A Chapman, G Goulding, M G Irwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520723/follicular-size-predicts-success-in-artificial-insemination-with-frozen-thawed-sperm-in-donkeys
#3
Joseph Saragusty, Alemayehu Lemma, Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt, Frank Göritz
In asses, semen collection, cryopreservation, and artificial insemination (AI) with frozen-thawed semen have been scarcely described and success rate, particularly following AI, is reportedly low. In the absence of reliable protocols, assisted reproductive technologies cannot support the conservation efforts aimed at endangered wild ass species and domestic donkey breeds. Two experiments were conducted in this study. In experiment 1 we evaluated freezing Abyssinian donkey (N = 5, 4 ejaculates each) spermatozoa using three freezing extenders (Berliner Cryomedium + glycerol, BC+G; BotuCrio, BOTU; INRAFreeze, INRA) and two cryopreservation techniques (liquid nitrogen vapour, LNV; directional freezing, DF)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516826/fatalities-from-firearm-related-injuries-in-selected-governorates-of-iraq-2010-2013
#4
Maximilian P Nerlander, Eva Leidman, Ahmed Hassan, Abdul-Salam Saleh Sultan, Syed Jaffar Hussain, Lauren B Browne, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: In Iraq, where Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and other groups have contributed to escalating violence in recent years, understanding the epidemiology of intentional firearm-related fatalities is essential for public health action. METHODS: The Iraqi Ministry of Health (MoH; Baghdad, Iraq) compiles surveillance of fatal injuries in eight of Iraq's 18 governorates (Baghdad, Al-Anbar, Basrah, Erbil, Kerbala, Maysan, Ninevah, and Al-Sulaimaniya)...
May 18, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514146/on-the-accuracy-of-explicitly-correlated-local-pno-ccsd-t
#5
Gunnar Schmitz, Christof Hattig
In recent years PNO-based local correlation based methods have gained popularity since they allow Coupled Cluster (CC) calculations with reduced computational costs. Yet, only few systematic studies concerning their accuracy are available, in particular for the explicitly correlated versions. In this work we take a deeper look at the explicitly correlated local PNO-CCSD(F12*)(T0) and PNO-CCSD(F12*)(T) methods. The first variant uses the so-called semi canonical triples correction (T0) which neglects off-diagonal elements in the occupied block of the Fock matrix...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509316/effects-of-17%C3%AE-estradioland-raloxifene-on-endothelial-opg-and-rankl-secretion
#6
Wojciech Karwowski, Katarzyna Lekesiz, Ewa Koc-Żórawska, Krzysztof Wnuczko, Hanna Borysewicz-Sanczyk, Beata Naumnik
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to asses the effects of estradiol vs. raloxifene on the levels of osteoprotegerin and soluble Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor kB Ligand (sRANKL) in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVEC) culture in standard and calcifying medium. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells were isolated from human umbilical vein by standard method. The supernatant concentrations of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and sRANKL (ELISA) were determined after incubation with glicerophosphate, estradiol , raloxifene, glicerophoshate and estradiol, glicerophosphate and raloxifene in comparison with control group at four designated time points (0, 1, 2 and 4 days of incubation)...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499354/patient-and-care-characteristics-of-self-referrals-treated-by-the-general-practitioner-cooperative-at-emergency-care-access-points-in-the-netherlands
#7
Martijn Rutten, Fieke Vrielink, Marleen Smits, Paul Giesen
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, out-of-hours primary care is provided in general practitioner-cooperatives (GPCs). These are increasingly located on site and in collaboration with emergency departments of hospitals (ED). At such sites, also called emergency-care-access-points (ECAP), the GPC is generally responsible for the triage and treatment of self-referrals who used to attend the ED. To evaluate the effects and safety of this novel organisation, we studied the characteristics and the quality of care given by GPCs to self-referrals at ECAPs...
May 12, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495543/trans-pericardal-color-doppler-ultra-sound-cdus-to-asses-blood-flow-in-the-visceral-branches-during-type-a-dissection-procedures-complicated-with-mesenteric-malperfusion
#8
Luigi Muzzi, Giulio Tommasino, Giulia Guaccio, Enrico Tucci, Franco Roviello, Eugenio Neri
Aortic dissection is a complex disease associated with high mortality and morbidity. Among the different possible clinical presentations, type A aortic dissection complicated at the onset by mesenteric malperfusion is characterized by poor outcome compared to patients not presenting such complication. We report the case of a patient with acute type A aortic dissection presenting with mesenteric malperfusion, in whom trans-pericardial color doppler ultra sound (CDUS) examination was used to assess intra and post-operative blood flow in the mesenteric artery...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492954/design-and-validation-of-a-cannabis-use-intention-questionnaire-cuiq-for-adolescents
#9
Daniel Lloret Irles, Ramón Morell-Gomis, Ana Laguía, Juan A Moriano
In Spain, one in four 14 to 18-year-old adolescents has used cannabis during the last twelve months. Demand for treatment has increased in European countries. These facts have prompted the development of preventive interventions that require screening tools in order to identify the vulnerable population and to properly asses the efficacy of such interventions. The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), widely used to forecast behavioural intention, has also demonstrated a good predictive capacity in addictions...
April 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488968/prevention-of-red-cell-storage-lesion-a-comparison-of-five-different-additive-solutions
#10
Johan W Lagerberg, Herbert Korsten, Pieter F Van Der Meer, Dirk De Korte
BACKGROUND: In Europe, red cell concentrates (RCC) are usually stored in SAGM (saline-adenine-glucose-mannitol). During storage, in vitro red cell quality declines, including lowered energy status and increased cell lysis. Recently, several additive solutions (ASs), designed to diminish the decline in in vitro quality during storage, have been developed. These new solutions have mainly been developed to better maintain red blood cell (RBC) 2,3-biphosphoglycerate (2,3 BPG) levels and energy status during storage...
April 10, 2017: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486738/-isolated-high-frequency-hvor-lesion-in-patients-with-chronic-dizziness
#11
Roland Hülse, Manfred Hülse, Karl Hörmann, Matthias Hölzl, Richard Birk, Angela Wenzel
In the presented study video-head impulse test (vHIT) was performed in 72 patients with complaints of dizziness for more than 3 months who did not show any pathology in rotatory chair testing or caloric test, in order to analyzed high frequency vestibular-ocular-reflex (VOR). Retrospective data analyzed of rotatory chair testing, caloric tests and vHIT results were accomplished in 72 patients. Gain, gain variance and the occurrence of catch-up saccades were measured. 10 patients (n=10; 13.8%) showed pathologic vHOR results with reduced gain...
May 9, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482311/tryptophan-breakdown-and-cognition-in-bipolar-disorder
#12
Martina Platzer, Nina Dalkner, Frederike T Fellendorf, Armin Birner, Susanne A Bengesser, Robert Queissner, Nora Kainzbauer, René Pilz, Simone Herzog-Eberhard, Carlo Hamm, Christa Hörmanseder, Alexander Maget, Philipp Rauch, Harald Mangge, Dietmar Fuchs, Sieglinde Zelzer, Gregor Schütze, Natalie Moll, Markus J Schwarz, Rodrigo B Mansur, Roger S McIntyre, Eva Z Reininghaus
INTRODUCTION: It has been demonstrated that bipolar disorder (BD) is often accompanied by cognitive deficits across all subdomains including verbal memory, attention and executive functioning. Cognitive deficits are observed both during episodes of mania or depression, as well as during the euthymic phase. It has been proposed that chronic immune-mediated inflammation in the central nervous system results in alterations in neural structures that subserve cognitive function. Kynurenine is an intermediate in the inflammatory cascade and can be peripherally measured to proxy inflammatory activity...
April 27, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480413/presence-of-citrinin-in-grains-and-its-possible-health-effects
#13
Borna Čulig, Martina Bevardi, Jasna Bošnir, Sonja Serdar, Dario Lasić, Aleksandar Racz, Antonija Galić, Željka Kuharić
BACKGROUND: Citrinin is a mycotoxin produced by several species of the genera Aspergillus, Penicillium and Monascus and it occurs mainly in stored grain. Citrinin is generally formed after harvest and occurs mainly in stored grains, it also occurs in other plant products. Often, the co-occurrence with other mycotoxins is observed, especially ochratoxin A, which is usually associated with endemic nephropathy. At the European Union level, systematic monitoring of Citrinin in grains began with the aim of determining its highest permissible amount in food...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476469/furcation-perforation-periradicular-tissue-response-to-biodentine-as-a-repair-material-by-histopathologic-and-indirect-immunofluorescence-analyses
#14
Lea Assed Bezerra Silva, Karina Alessandra Michelão Grecca Pieroni, Paulo Nelson-Filho, Raquel Assed Bezerra Silva, Patrícia Hernandéz-Gatón, Marília Pacífico Lucisano, Francisco Wanderley Garcia Paula-Silva, Alexandra Mussolino de Queiroz
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vivo response of periradicular tissues after sealing of furcation perforations with Biodentine, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and gutta-percha by means of histopathologic and indirect immunofluorescence analyses. METHODS: Thirty teeth of 3 dogs were divided into 3 groups: Biodentine (n = 14 teeth), MTA (negative control, n = 10 teeth), and gutta-percha (positive control, n = 6 teeth). After endodontic treatment, perforations were made on the center of the pulp chamber floor and filled with the materials...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474506/expression-of-the-inhibitory-receptor-nkg2a-correlates-with-increased-liver-and-splenic-nk-cell-response-to-activating-receptor-engagement
#15
Claire E Meyer, Phillip N Key, Toby Zhu, Mark Shabsovich, Ann Ni, Sandeep K Tripathy
INTRODUCTION: Natural killer (NK) cells play a critical role in the innate immune response to viruses and tumors, and comprise a large proportion of the hepatic lymphocyte population. They must remain tolerant to non-pathogenic antigens while protecting the host from harmful agents. Herein, we investigate how the NK cell response to activation receptor engagement is altered in the liver. METHODS: In this study, we assess IFN-γ production and degranulation of splenic NK cells and selected subsets of liver NK cells...
June 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461832/new-insights-into-antisynthetase-syndrome
#16
Cojocaru Manole, Cojocaru Inimioara Mihaela, Chicos Bogdan
Antisynthetase syndrome (ASS) is a rare chronic autoimmune disorder (2-3 times more common in women than in men), associated with interstitial lung disease (the most important feature), dermatomyositis (DM), and polymyositis (PM). The cause of ASS is unknown. Recent developments in immunology have improved our knowledge and it is now possible to classify ASS according to the presence of myositis specific autoantibodies. The hallmark of ASS is the presence of serum autoantibodies directed against aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (anti-ARS involved in protein synthesis)...
June 2016: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461180/giant-symptomatic-aneurysm-secondary-to-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-of-a-main-hepatic-artery-with-aberrant-origin-in-superior-mesenteric-artery
#17
Francisco Javier Peinado Cebria N, Santiago Este Banez Seco, A Ngel Flores-Herrero, Ricardo Montoya Ching, Benito Mendez Feria, Diego Soto Valdés, Maria Pilar Lamarca Mendoza, Antonio Orgaz Pe Rez-Grueso
INTRODUCTION: Hereditary Hemorragic Telangiectasia (HHT) is a rare disease consistent in vascular dysplasias affecting different organs. Liver involvement includes telangiectases, arteriovenous shunting, and ischemic cholangitis, and its prevalence ranges from 8 to 31%. Spontaneous pseudo aneurysms have never been reported associated to HHT. Several variations in the origin of the main hepatic artery (MHA) have been described in large radiological series, and can be found in around 4% of general population...
April 28, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449597/assessment-of-hearing-aid-algorithms-using-a-master-hearing-aid-the-influence-of-hearing-aid-experience-on-the-relationship-between-speech-recognition-and-cognitive-capacity
#18
Sebastian Rählmann, Markus Meis, Michael Schulte, Jürgen Kießling, Martin Walger, Hartmut Meister
OBJECTIVES: Model-based hearing aid development considers the assessment of speech recognition using a master hearing aid (MHA). It is known that aided speech recognition in noise is related to cognitive factors such as working memory capacity (WMC). This relationship might be mediated by hearing aid experience (HAE). The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of WMC and speech recognition with a MHA for listeners with different HAE. DESIGN: Using the MHA, unaided and aided 80% speech recognition thresholds in noise were determined...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432981/hidden-markov-model-and-chapman-kolmogrov-for-protein-structures-prediction-from-images
#19
Md Sarwar Kamal, Linkon Chowdhury, Mohammad Ibrahim Khan, Amira S Ashour, João Manuel R S Tavares, Nilanjan Dey
Protein structure prediction and analysis are more significant for living organs to perfect asses the living organ functionalities. Several protein structure prediction methods use neural network (NN). However, the Hidden Markov model is more interpretable and effective for more biological data analysis compared to the NN. It employs statistical data analysis to enhance the prediction accuracy. The current work proposed a protein prediction approach from protein images based on Hidden Markov Model and Chapman Kolmogrov equation...
April 13, 2017: Computational Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432681/retrospective-single-center-study-of-the-efficacy-of-large-spot-532%C3%A2-nm-laser-for-the-treatment-of-facial-capillary-malformations-in-44-patients-with-the-use-of-three-dimensional-image-analysis
#20
Bartłomiej Kwiek, Michał Rożalski, Cezary Kowalewski, Marcin Ambroziak
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to asses the efficacy of large spot 532 nm laser for the treatment of facial capillary malformations with the use of three-dimensional (3D) image analysis. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Retrospective single center study on previously non-treated patients with facial capillary malformations (CM) was performed. A total of 44 consecutive Caucasian patients aged 5-66 were included. Patients had 3D photography performed before and after and had at least one single session of treatment with 532 nm neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser with contact cooling, fluencies ranging from 8 to 11...
April 22, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
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