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X Y Zhang, M Y Zhou, L L Li, Y J Jiang, X T Zou
1. The primary objective of this experiment was to estimate the toxic effects of arsenic (As) supplementation in feed on laying performance, As retention of eggs and organs, serum biochemical indices and endocrine hormones in laying hens. 2. A total of 320 "Jinghong Number 1" hens, 56-week-old, were randomly allocated into four treatments of four replicates with 20 layers. Graded arsenical was added to the basal diet at As levels of 0, 17, 34 and 51 mg/kg, respectively, in the experimental diets. The trial lasted for 9 weeks including a 1 week for acclimatization...
September 16, 2016: British Poultry Science
Ozan Dogan, Ahmet Yildiz, Osman Temizkan, Cigdem Pulatoglu
OBJECTIVES: Blood flow to uterus and ovaries is demonstrated to be altered during mensturation. Studies has been published stating that blood flow differs also in ovulatory and anovulatory cycles. In this study, using color Doppler ultrasound, we aim to compare uterine, endometrial and ovarian blood flow during ovulatory and anovulatory cycles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Women volunteers who are aged between 18-40 had no endocrinological problem and not recieving exogenous hormone therapy were included to study...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Helena Kopp Kallner, Caroline Elmér, Karl-Erik Andersson, Daniel Altman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate if levels of gonadotropic and sex steroidal hormones influence the efficacy of mirabegron in the treatment of overactive bladder. METHODS: We included 58 female participants who received treatment with mirabegron 50 mg once daily and provided a blood sample for hormone profiling before treatment was initiated. Serum hormone concentrations for estradiol, progesterone, testosterone, FSH, LH, TSH, and T4 were analyzed...
August 15, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Amir A Hamidieh, Zohreh Hamidi, Maryam Behfar, Zeinab Pajouhi, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Fariba Mohseni, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh, Maryam Sobhani, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad R Mohajeri Tehrani
BACKGROUNDS: Beta Thalassemia Major, and its treatment by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can have deleterious effect on bone integrity and a main part of such effects is due to their deleterious effects on endocrine systems. So, we assessed the effects of endocrine changes during HSCT (Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation) on growing bones of pediatric thalassemic patients. METHODS: Bone-specific alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin (bone formation markers), NTX (bone resorption marker), Ca, P, Alk ph, PTH, Vitamin D (vit D), prolactin, LH, FSH, T4, T3, TSH, IGF-1, testosterone (in males) or estradiol (in females), measured in 20 major thalassemic patients with mean age of 10...
July 14, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
Emin Sir, Oktay Üçer, Alper Aksoy, Melike Güngör, Yasin Ceylan
OBJECTIVES: To compare sexual function and hormone profile in male patients with gynecomastia with matched controls. MATERIALS-METHODS: Forty-seven male subjects with gynecomastia and thirty healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Serum free T3, free T4, TSH, FSH, prolactin, estradiol, total testosterone, free testosterone, DHEA-SO4, LH and total PSA were measured in the patients and controls. Sexual function of the patients and controls were evaluated using International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF)...
January 22, 2016: Breast Disease
Amar Nagesh Kumar, Jupalle Nagaiah Naidu, Uppala Satyanarayana, Krishnan Ramalingam, Medabalmi Anitha
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrinological disorders among women of reproductive age and the leading cause of female infertility. This study intends to evaluate the lipid profile, hormonal levels [free T3 (fT3), free T4 (fT4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), insulin, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and prolactin] in PCOS women from Nellore and its surrounding districts of Andhra Pradesh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 80 newly diagnosed PCOS women and an equal number of age and body mass index (BMI) matched healthy controls...
April 2016: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Markella Nezi, Panagiotis Christopoulos, George Paltoglou, Alexandros Gryparis, Vassilios Bakoulas, Efthimios Deligeoroglou, George Creatsas, George Mastorakos
BACKGROUND: Primary amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea and secondary amenorrhea are diagnosed commonly during adolescence. Weight aberrations are associated with menstrual disorders. Autoimmune thyroiditis is frequent during adolescence. In this study, the commonest clinical and hormonal characteristics of amenorrhea or oligomenorrhea during adolescence were investigated. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, one hundred and thirty-eight consecutive young patients presenting with amenorrhea or oligomenorrhea referred to an adolescent endocrinology and gynecology university clinic were studied...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Vatroslav Cerina, Ivan Kruljac, Jelena Marinkovic Radosevic, Lora Stanka Kirigin, Darko Stipic, Hrvoje Ivan Pecina, Milan Vrkljan
The insulin tolerance test (ITT) is the gold standard for diagnosing adrenal insufficiency (AI) after pituitary surgery. The ITT is unpleasant for patients, requires close medical supervision and is contraindicated in several comorbidities. The aim of this study was to analyze whether tumor size, remission rate, preoperative, and early postoperative baseline hormone concentrations could serve as predictors of AI in order to increase the diagnostic accuracy of morning serum cortisol. This prospective study enrolled 70 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed pituitary adenomas...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shiva Mongolu, Annie E Armston, Erin Mozley, Azraai Nasruddin
Assay interference with heterophilic antibodies has been well described in literature. Rheumatoid factor is known to cause similar interference leading to falsely elevated hormone levels when measured by immunometric methods like enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or multiplex immunoasays (MIA). We report a case of a 60-year-old male patient with a history of rheumatoid arthritis referred to our endocrine clinic for investigation of hypogonadism and was found to have high serum levels of LH, FSH, SHBG, Prolactin, HCG and TSH...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Mohd Ashraf Ganie, Raman Kumar Marwaha, Atul Dhingra, Sobia Nisar, Kaliavani Mani, Shariq Masoodi, Semanti Chakraborty, Aafia Rashid
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous disorder that demonstrates ethnic and regional differences. To assess the phenotypic variability among Indian PCOS women, we evaluated clinical, biochemical and hormonal parameters of these women being followed in two tertiary care institutions located in Delhi and Srinagar. A total of 299 (210 PCOS diagnosed by Rotterdam 2003 criteria and 89 healthy) women underwent estimation of T4, TSH, LH, FSH, total testosterone, prolactin, cortisol, 17OHP, and lipid profile, in addition to post OGTT, C-peptide, insulin, and glucose measurements...
July 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Mariabeatrice Dal Canto, Paola V Novara, Giovanni Coticchio, Mario Mignini Renzini, Fausta Brambillasca, Claudio Brigante, Elena De Ponti, Rubens Fadini
PURPOSE: In in vitro maturation (IVM) cycles primed with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), both immature and mature oocytes are retrieved from antral follicles sized 8-12 mm. Using time-lapse microscopy, we compared the morphokinetic behavior of embryos developed from oocytes matured in vivo and in vitro, testing the hypothesis that IVM affects preimplantation development. Furthermore, we extended the morphokinetic analysis of these embryos by a comparison with embryos obtained in stimulated assisted reproduction technology (ART) cycles...
February 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Selvaraj G Nataraja, Henry N Yu, Stephen S Palmer
Glycoprotein hormones, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) are heterodimeric proteins with a common α-subunit and hormone-specific β-subunit. These hormones are dominant regulators of reproduction and metabolic processes. Receptors for the glycoprotein hormones belong to the family of G protein-coupled receptors. FSH receptor (FSHR) and LH receptor are primarily expressed in somatic cells in ovary and testis to promote egg and sperm production in women and men, respectively...
2015: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Akram M El-Kashlan, Mohammed M Nooh, Wafaa A Hassan, Sherine M Rizk
Hyper- or hypothyroidism can impair testicular function leading to infertility. The present study was designed to examine the protective effect of date palm pollen (DPP) extract on thyroid disorder-induced testicular dysfunction. Rats were divided into six groups. Group I was normal control. Group II received oral DPP extract (150 mg kg(-1)), group III (hyperthyroid group) received intraperitoneal injection of L-thyroxine (L-T4, 300 μg kg(-1); i.p.), group IV received L-T4 plus DPP extract, group V (hypothyroid group) received propylthiouracil (PTU, 10 mg kg(-1); i...
2015: PloS One
Gülüzar Atli, Sedefgul Yuzbasioglu Ariyurek, Esin G Kanak, Mustafa Canli
The serum of vertebrates including human gives sufficient data about the current health status of organism in concern. Biomarkers have gained importance in evaluation of data from biological monitoring studies. In this study, freshwater fish Oreochromis niloticus were individually exposed Cd or Pb using acute (10μM, 2 d) and chronic (20μM, 20 d) exposure protocols to investigate the alterations in serum parameters (ALP, ALT, AST, LDH, lipase, glucose, protein, cholesterol and triglyceride) and response of the endocrine system functioning in different axis, namely HPI (cortisol), HPT (TSH, T3, T4), gonadal (LH, FSH) and prolactin...
September 2015: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Wang Xiufeng, Zhang Lei, Huang Rongbo, Wu Qinghua, Min Jianxin, Ma Na, Luo Laicheng
OBJECTIVE: To study the development mechanism of kidney-Yang deficiency through the establishment of support vector machine models of relevant hormones of the pituitary-target gland axes in rats with kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome. METHODS: The kidney-Yang deficiency rat model was created by intramuscular injection of hydrocortisone, and contents of the hormones of the pituitary-thyroid axis: thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), 3,3',5-triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4); hormones of the pituitary-adrenal gland axis: adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol (CORT); and hormones of the pituitary-gonadal axis: luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and testosterone (T), were determined in the early, middle, and advanced stages...
April 2015: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan
M Cieślak, N Chmielewska, K Romanowicz, J Młynarczuk, M Wańkowska
The influence of early weaning on the cortisol, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and growth hormone (GH) secretion in lambs of both sexes and testosterone (T4) level in male lambs during the postnatal transition to puberty was investigated by radioimmunoassay. It was hypothesized that this influence is long-term and sexually dimorphic. Hence, the effect of weaning at 5 weeks of age in comparison with the weaning at 9 weeks of age on hormone concentra- tions in peripheral blood plasma of 5-, 9-, 12-, and 16-week-old lambs of both sexes was investigated...
2015: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
Ozlem Gulbahar, Ceyla Konca Degertekin, Mujde Akturk, Mehmet Muhittin Yalcin, Isilay Kalan, Gokce Filiz Atikeler, Alev Eroglu Altinova, Ilhan Yetkin, Metin Arslan, Fusun Toruner
CONTEXT: Commonly used immunoassays are not free from interference, which can be a confounder in the interpretation of test results. We present a case with extremely high multiple hormone levels due to such interference. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 33-year-old woman with no specific symptoms had markedly elevated TSH with normal free T4 and free T3 levels. Repeated measurements revealed discordantly high TSH, ACTH, FSH, PTH, IGF-1, prolactin, β-human chorionic gonadotropin, and calcitonin levels without the associated clinical pictures...
June 2015: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Ayse Arduc, Bercem Aycicek Dogan, Sevgi Bilmez, Narin Imga Nasiroglu, Mazhar Muslum Tuna, Serhat Isik, Dilek Berker, Serdar Guler
OBJECTIVE: Some similar factors, such as genetic susceptibility and subinflammation/autoimmunity, contribute to development of both polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), suggesting a potential pathogenic link between the two common disorders. In this study, we investigated the relationship between PCOS and HT, considering the possible effect of PCOS-related hormonal and metabolic factors on thyroid autoimmunity. METHODS: Eighty-six reproductive-age women diagnosed with PCOS according to Rotterdam criteria and 60 age-BMI matched control women were included in the study...
2015: Endocrine Research
Jonas Hengevoss, Marion Piechotta, Dennis Müller, Fabian Hanft, Maria Kristina Parr, Wilhelm Schänzer, Patrick Diel
Analysing effects of pharmaceutical substances and training on feedback mechanisms of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis may be helpful to quantify the benefit of strategies preventing loss of muscle mass, and in the fight against doping. In this study we analysed combined effects of anabolic steroids and training on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Therefore intact male Wistar rats were dose-dependently treated with metandienone, estradienedione and the selective androgen receptor modulator (SARM) S-1...
June 2015: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Vasilios Pergialiotis, Georgios Agrogiannis, Eleana Gkioka, Georgios D Vlachos, Despina Perrea, Konstantinos Kontzoglou
PURPOSE: Numerous clinical studies have addressed the relationship of hypothyroidism and breast cancer with conflicting results. In the present experimental study we sought to determine whether absolute hypothyroidism established for a long period of time leads to epithelial alterations of the mammary gland. METHODS: Thirty five female Wistar rats were allocated to be subjected to either thyroidectomy (N=20) or not (N=15). The rats were kept alive for a period of 3 months in a weather controlled environment...
January 2015: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
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