keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Sex differences", depression

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672099/is-the-association-between-depressive-symptoms-and-glucose-bidirectional-a-population-based-study
#1
Karolina Wesołowska, Marko Elovainio, Taina Hintsa, Markus Jokela, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Jari Lipsanen, Markus Juonala, Olli Raitakari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptoms have been associated with Type 2 diabetes, but the temporal direction of this association and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The present study examined a potential bidirectional association between depressive symptoms and glucose levels in women and men, and the factors mediating this association. METHOD: The participants were from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study, a prospective, population-based, cohort study (N = 2,534)...
April 19, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670513/altered-brain-excitability-and-increased-anxiety-in-mice-with-experimental-colitis-consideration-of-hyperalgesia-and-sex-differences
#2
Kewir D Nyuyki, Nina L Cluny, Mark G Swain, Keith A Sharkey, Quentin J Pittman
Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are incurable lifelong inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) with a rising worldwide incidence. IBD is characterized by diarrhea, rectal bleeding, severe cramping and weight loss. However, there is a growing evidence that IBD is also associated with anxiety- and depression-related disorders, which further increase the societal burden of these diseases. Given the limited knowledge of central nervous system (CNS) changes in IBD, we investigated CNS-related comorbidities in a mouse model of experimental colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) administration in drinking water for 5 days...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669409/the-prevalence-of-chronic-physical-diseases-comorbid-with-depression-among-different-sex-and-age-groups-in-south-korea-a-population-based-study-2007-2014
#3
Se Jin Park, Seungyeon Hong, Hyesue Jang, Jung Won Jang, Boram Yuk, Chul Eung Kim, Subin Park
OBJECTIVE: People with depression often suffer from comorbid, chronic physical diseases. Little is known about how demographic characteristics such as age and sex influence the prevalence of chronic physical diseases comorbid with depression. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the age and sex differences in the prevalence of diverse, chronic physical diseases comorbid with depression. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey were conducted with the participants (n=45,598) of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661939/sexual-orientation-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents
#4
Jeremy W Luk, Stephen E Gilman, Denise L Haynie, Bruce G Simons-Morton
OBJECTIVES: Sexual orientation disparities in adolescent depressive symptoms are well established, but reasons for these disparities are less well understood. We modeled sexual orientation disparities in depressive symptoms from late adolescence into young adulthood and evaluated family satisfaction, peer support, cyberbullying victimization, and unmet medical needs as potential mediators. METHODS: Data were from waves 2 to 6 of the NEXT Generation Health Study ( n = 2396), a population-based cohort of US adolescents...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582161/sex-differences-in-the-association-of-psychological-status-with-measures-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Liliana Indelicato, Marco Dauriz, Elisabetta Bacchi, Silvia Donà, Lorenza Santi, Carlo Negri, Vittorio Cacciatori, Enzo Bonora, Arie Nouwen, Paolo Moghetti
AIM: To assess the association of psychological variables on leisure-time physical activity and sedentary time in men and women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated 163 patients with T2D, consecutively recruited at the Diabetes Centre of the Verona General Hospital. Scores on depression and anxiety symptoms, psychosocial factors (including self-efficacy, perceived interference, perceived severity, social support, misguided support behaviour, spouse's positive behaviour), physical activity and time spent sitting were ascertained using questionnaires responses to the Beck Depression Inventory-II, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Multidimensional Diabetes Questionnaire, International Physical Activity Questionnaire...
March 26, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563884/symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-young-athletes-using-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale
#6
Stephanie Weber, Christian Puta, Melanie Lesinski, Brunhild Gabriel, Thomas Steidten, Karl-Jürgen Bär, Marco Herbsleb, Urs Granacher, Holger H W Gabriel
Elite young athletes have to cope with multiple psychological demands such as training volume, mental and physical fatigue, spatial separation of family and friends or time management problems may lead to reduced mental and physical recovery. While normative data regarding symptoms of anxiety and depression for the general population is available (Hinz and Brähler, 2011), hardly any information exists for adolescents in general and young athletes in particular. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess overall symptoms of anxiety and depression in young athletes as well as possible sex differences...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562945/maternal-depression-in-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-its-sequelae-testing-postpartum-effects-in-a-longitudinal-birth-cohort
#7
Karmel W Choi, Renate Houts, Louise Arseneault, Carmine Pariante, Kathleen J Sikkema, Terrie E Moffitt
Mothers who have experienced childhood maltreatment are more likely to have children also exposed to maltreatment, a phenomenon known as intergenerational transmission. Factors in the perinatal period may contribute uniquely to this transmission, but timing effects have not been ascertained. Using structural equation modeling with 1,016 mothers and their 2,032 children in the Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study, we tested the mediating role of postpartum depression between maternal childhood maltreatment and a cascade of negative child outcomes, specifically child exposure to maltreatment, internalizing symptoms, and externalizing symptoms: (a) adjusting for later maternal depression, (b) comparing across sex differences, and (c) examining the relative role of maltreatment subtypes...
March 22, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555131/sleep-in-a-large-multi-university-sample-of-college-students-sleep-problem-prevalence-sex-differences-and-mental-health-correlates
#8
Stephen P Becker, Matthew A Jarrett, Aaron M Luebbe, Annie A Garner, G Leonard Burns, Michael J Kofler
OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe sleep problems in a large, multi-university sample of college students; (2) evaluate sex differences; and (3) examine the unique associations of mental health symptoms (i.e., anxiety, depression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention [ADHD-IN], ADHD hyperactivity-impulsivity [ADHD-HI]) in relation to sleep problems. METHODS: 7,626 students (70% female; 81% White) ages 18-29 years (M=19.14, SD=1.42) from six universities completed measures assessing mental health symptoms and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
April 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551550/anger-anxiety-and-depressive-affect-as-predictors-of-stress-induced-cortisol-production-in-khat-and-tobacco-users
#9
Andrine M Lemieux, Motohiro Nakajima, Riyadh Saif-Ali, Molham Al-Habori, Anisa Dokam, Mustafa al'Absi
INTRODUCTION: Glucocorticoid activity is disrupted in substance users including khat chewers who also use tobacco. Anger, dysphoria, and anxiety can mediate this relationship. The aim of this study was to contrast emotion dysregulation and substance use variables as predictors of post-stress cortisol output. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Comparable numbers of males (n = 90) and females (n = 85) including controls, khat only, and concurrent khat and tobacco users participated in a stress study...
March 2, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549878/latent-profiles-of-early-trauma-type-d-personality-sex-differences-in-cardiovascular-risk-markers
#10
Eveline van Montfort, Paula Mommersteeg, Viola Spek, Nina Kupper
BACKGROUND: Both adverse early life-events and distressed personality are associated with an increased cardiovascular risk. As there is an important link between these psychological factors, we investigated how these might cluster in sex-specific psychological profiles. We further examined the association of these profiles with cardiovascular risk markers. METHOD: 446 women (mean age = 49.8 ± 17.9 years) and 431 men (mean age = 49.4 ± 17.5 years) from the Dutch general population completed questionnaires on demographics, adverse early life-events (ETI), Type D personality (DS14), anxiety (GAD-7) and depressive (PHQ-9) symptoms, and traditional cardiovascular risk markers...
March 3, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543518/the-heart%C3%A2-s-rhythm-n-blues-sex-differences-in-circadian-variation-patterns-of-vagal-activity-vary-by-depressive-symptoms-in-predominantly-healthy-employees
#11
Marc N Jarczok, Corina Aguilar-Raab, Julian Koenig, Michael Kaess, Jeremy C Borniger, Randy J Nelson, Martica Hall, Beate Ditzen, Julian F Thayer, Joachim E Fischer
INTRODUCTION: Successful regulation of emotional states is positively associated to mental health, while difficulties in regulating emotions are negatively associated to overall mental health and in particular associated with anxiety or depression symptoms. A key structure associated to socio-emotional regulatory processes is the central autonomic network. Activity in this structure is associated to vagal activity can be indexed noninvasively and simply by measures of peripheral cardiac autonomic modulations such as heart rate variability...
March 15, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522940/secular-trends-in-excess-mortality-of-late-life-depression
#12
Hans W Jeuring, Hannie C Comijs, Dorly J H Deeg, Emiel O Hoogendijk, Aartjan T F Beekman, Max L Stek, Martijn Huisman
BACKGROUND: Late-life depression is associated with premature mortality, however, little is known whether excess mortality rates of depression have changed over time. This study aims to identify and explain secular trends in excess mortality of major depressive disorder (MDD) and subthreshold depression (SUBD). METHODS: Cohort-sequential-longitudinal study of 4084 community-dwelling older adults in the Netherlands based on data from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA)...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522544/sex-differences-in-the-association-between-internalizing-symptoms-and-hair-cortisol-level-among-10-12-year-old-adolescents-in-china
#13
Qingyun Lu, Fada Pan, Lingling Ren, Jing Xiao, Fangbiao Tao
Although numerous studies have described the relationship between HPA axis dysregulation and internalizing symptoms among adolescents, research using hair cortisol concentrations in pre- and young adolescent samples has not been reported. We investigated the association of self-reported internalizing symptoms with cortisol concertration in hair among pre- and young adolescents aged 10-12 years. Forty-six boys and 39 girls supplied a hair sample of at least 3 cm in length for an analysis of this period (3 months) cortisol excretion...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520144/sex-differences-in-gut-microbiota-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#14
Jian-Jun Chen, Peng Zheng, Yi-Yun Liu, Xiao-Gang Zhong, Hai-Yang Wang, Yu-Jie Guo, Peng Xie
Objective: Our previous studies found that disturbances in gut microbiota might have a causative role in the onset of major depressive disorder (MDD). The aim of this study was to investigate whether there were sex differences in gut microbiota in patients with MDD. Patients and methods: First-episode drug-naïve MDD patients and healthy controls were included. 16S rRNA gene sequences extracted from the fecal samples of the included subjects were analyzed. Principal-coordinate analysis and partial least squares-discriminant analysis were used to assess whether there were sex-specific gut microbiota...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509596/in-people-living-with-hiv-plwh-menopause-natural-or-surgical-contributes-to-the-greater-symptom-burden-in-women-results-from-an-online-us-survey
#15
Rebecca Schnall, Haomiao Jia, Susan Olender, Melissa Gradilla, Nancy Reame
OBJECTIVE: The majority of people living with HIV in the United States are now over the age of 50, but symptom burden research has seldom included older women or the potential role of menopause. The aim of the study was to examine the influence of menopause as part of sex differences in HIV symptom burden. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted that included both a sex-based analysis of previously reported HIV symptom characteristics of 1,342 respondents to an online survey (males, n = 957; female, n = 385) and a follow-up online survey of menstrual bleeding patterns (inferred menopause) in eligible females (n = 242) from the respondent pool...
March 5, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503790/mechanisms-underlying-sex-differences-in-cannabis-use
#16
Katina C Calakos, Shivani Bhatt, Dawn W Foster, Kelly P Cosgrove
Purpose of the Review: Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit substance worldwide. In recent decades, highly concentrated products have flooded the market, and prevalence rates have increased. Gender differences exist in cannabis use, as men have higher prevalence of both cannabis use and cannabis use disorder (CUD), while women progress more rapidly from first use to CUD. This paper reviews findings from preclinical and human studies examining the sex-specific neurobiological underpinnings of cannabis use and CUD, and associations with psychiatric symptoms...
December 2017: Current Addiction Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495912/more-secure-attachment-to-the-father-and-the-mother-is-associated-with-fewer-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents
#17
Birgitta Kerstis, Cecilia Åslund, Karin Sonnby
AIM: To investigate whether more secure attachment to the father and the mother is associated with less depressive symptoms among adolescents, and to explore possible sex differences. METHOD: A population-based sample of adolescents completed a school-based survey assessing demographic data, attachment to father and mother, as well as depressive symptoms. Participation rate was 80% of the eligible population, and 3,988 adolescents (1,937 boys and 2,051 girls) had complete data for the analyses...
March 2018: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493793/comparing-men-and-women-with-binge-eating-disorder-and-co-morbid-obesity
#18
Janet A Lydecker, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: This study examined differences in clinical presentation of men and women with binge-eating disorder (BED) who participated in treatment research at a medical-school based program. METHOD: Participants were 682 adults (n = 182 men, n = 500 women) with DSM-IV-defined BED. Doctoral-level research clinicians assessed eating-disorder psychopathology, including BED diagnosis, using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders (SCID) and Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) interview...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491835/sex-differences-in-the-effects-of-a-kappa-opioid-receptor-antagonist-in-the-forced-swim-test
#19
Abigail Laman-Maharg, Alexia V Williams, Mikaela D Zufelt, Vanessa A Minie, Stephanie Ramos-Maciel, Rebecca Hao, Evelyn Ordoñes Sanchez, Tiffany Copeland, Jill L Silverman, Angelina Leigh, Rodney Snyder, F Ivy Carroll, Timothy R Fennell, Brian C Trainor
There is growing evidence that kappa opioid receptor (KOR) antagonists could be a useful class of therapeutics for treating depression and anxiety. However, the overwhelming majority of preclinical investigations examining the behavioral effects of KOR antagonists have been in male rodents. Here, we examined the effects of the long-acting KOR antagonist nor-binaltophimine (norBNI) on immobility in the forced swim test in males and females of two different rodent species (C57Bl/6J and California mice). Consistent with previous reports, norBNI (10 mg/kg) decreased immobility in the forced swim test for male C57Bl/6J and California mice...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484256/catechol-o-methyltransferase-val158met-polymorphism-associates-with-affect-and-cortisol-levels-in-women
#20
Lauren D Hill, Margaret S Lorenzetti, Sarah M Lyle, Ana I Fins, Aurélien Tartar, Jaime L Tartar
Introduction: We tested the extent to which the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphism is associated with affective state and evening cortisol levels. We limited our study to women as previous research suggests that the link between COMT genotype and psychological health is entangled by sex differences. Materials and Methods: The participants were assessed on measures of anxiety, mood disturbance, depressive symptomatology, and perceived stress...
February 2018: Brain and Behavior
keyword
keyword
80218
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"