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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409105/surgical-approach-to-the-thick-nasolabial-folds-jowls-and-heavy-neck-how-to-approach-and-suspend-the-facial-ligaments
#1
Ozcan Cakmak, Ismet Emrah Emre, Berke Özücer
Patients with thick skin typically present with a redundant, baggy, lax skin envelope together with prominent nasolabial folds, jowls, and a heavy neck. Durable and natural-appearing rejuvenation is not possible unless the deformities are addressed adequately and harmoniously in these patients. Traditional superficial musculoaponeurotic system techniques do not include surgical release of the zygomatic cutaneous ligaments and repositioning of descendent malar fat pad, and may lead to an unbalanced, unnatural appearance and the lateral sweep phenomenon...
February 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401214/the-influence-of-paranasal-augmentation-on-the-measurement-of-the-nose-for-the-treatment-of-midfacial-concavity
#2
Cheng-I Yen, Ruei-Fong Chen, Jonathan Zelken, Chun-Shin Chang, Shih-Yi Yang, Hung-Chang Chen, Shu-Yin Chang, Jui-Yung Yang, Shiow-Shuh Chuang, Yen-Chang Hsiao
Background: A concave midface with its associated deep nasolabial folds is more aesthetically displeasing than a convex midface. Midfacial concavity may be addressed with autologous tissue and implants. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of paranasal augmentation on photogrammetric parameters. Methods: Between July 2013 and August 2016, 12 patients underwent paranasal augmentation to address midface concavity. Augmentation was performed with autologous rib cartilage, autologous mandibular bone, or preshaped porous polyethylene (PPE)...
February 1, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396778/fetal-valproate-syndrome-the-irish-experience
#3
Hamizah Mohd Yunos, Andrew Green
INTRODUCTION: Fetal valproate syndrome was first described in 1984. Valproic acid crosses the placenta and can potentially lead to major congenital malformation, dysmorphism and neurodevelopmental disorder. METHODS: A retrospective study of 29 cases of FVS diagnosed by geneticists from 1995 to 2016. The cases were diagnosed based on criteria of fetal anticonvulsant syndrome. RESULTS: A total of 29 cases reported in the last 21 years. Features commonly described are prominent metopic ridge, midface hypoplasia, epicanthic folds, micrognathia and broad and flat nasal bridge...
February 3, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395452/evaluation-of-stress-by-finite-element-analysis-of-the-midface-and-skull-base-at-the-time-of-midpalatal-osteotomy-in-models-with-or-without-pterygomaxillary-dysjunction
#4
A Esen, E Soganci, E Dolanmaz, D Dolanmaz
Surgically-assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) is commonly used to treat skeletally mature patients with transverse discrepancies. Some osteotomies are made in areas that resist expansion, but there is no clear consensus about the sequence in which the osteotomies are made. Some clinicians do the pterygomaxillary osteotomy last, while others do it before the midpalatal osteotomy. We used the finite element method to measure the stresses on the midface, cranial base and pterygoid plates at the time of midpalatal osteotomy in two models, one with and one without pterygomaxillary dysjunction (PMD)...
January 30, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395448/buccal-fat-pad-and-subperiosteal-midface-lifts-in-conjunction-with-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-to-treat-fractures-of-the-zygomaticomaxillary-complex
#5
G B Bottini, N Berridge, A Messiha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395446/management-of-self-inflicted-gunshot-wounds-to-the-face-retrospective-review-from-a-single-tertiary-care-trauma-centre
#6
J A Murphy, S R McWilliams, M Lee, G Warburton
There are limited published data about the surgical management of self-inflicted facial gunshot wounds. The aim of this retrospective study was to review our management of subjects who initially survive such a wound and were admitted to a tertiary care trauma centre between 2002 and 2012. Only subjects with definitive evidence of a self-inflicted facial gunshot wound and who were admitted alive were included. Data collected included personal and clinical details, characteristics of the gunshot wound, and medical and surgical management...
January 27, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381628/quality-of-postoperative-pain-management-after-maxillofacial-fracture-repair
#7
Andre Peisker, Winfried Meissner, Gregor F Raschke, Mina D Fahmy, Arndt Guentsch, Juliane Schiller, Stefan Schultze-Mosgau
BACKGROUND: Effective pain management is an essential component in the perioperative care of surgical patients. However, postoperative pain after maxillofacial fracture repair and its optimal therapy has not been described in detail. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 95 adults rated their pain on the first postoperative day after maxillofacial fracture repair using the questionnaire of the Quality Improvement in Postoperative Pain Management (QUIPS) project...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381613/trismus-in-face-transplantation-following-ballistic-trauma
#8
Nicco Krezdorn, Muayyad Alhefzi, Bridget Perry, Mario A Aycart, Sotirios Tasigiorgos, Ericka M Bueno, Jordan R Green, Julian J Pribaz, Bohdan Pomahac, Edward J Caterson
BACKGROUND: Trismus can be a challenging consequence of ballistic trauma to the face, and has rarely been described in the setting of face transplantation. Almost half of all current face transplant recipients in the world received transplantation to restore form and function after a ballistic injury. Here we report our experience and challenges with long standing trismus after face transplantation. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of our face transplant recipients whose indication was ballistic injury...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369104/three-dimensional-analysis-of-airway-change-after-lefort-iii-midface-advancement-with-distraction
#9
Sung Chan Kim, Kyunghyun Min, Woo Shik Jeong, Soon Man Kwon, Kyung S Koh, Jong Woo Choi
INTRODUCTION: LeFort III midface advancement using the distraction technique became the standard method for the correction of various craniofacial syndromes accompanied by the midface retrusion. Midface hypoplasia is known to be related to the imbalance in facial aesthetics, malocclusion, and the airway problem. This study aimed to evaluate the change in airway volume after performing a LeFort III midface advancement with the distraction techniques. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between April 2008 and February 2013, 7 patients aged 5 to 7 years underwent standard LeFort III osteotomy, followed by distraction with a rigid external distractor with or without internal distractor...
January 24, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351022/a-survey-of-orthodontic-treatment-in-team-care-for-patients-with-syndromic-craniosynostosis-in-japan
#10
Takafumi Susami, Toshihiko Fukawa, Haruyo Miyazaki, Teruo Sakamoto, Tadashi Morishita, Yoshiaki Sato, Yoshiaki Kinno, Kazuyuki Kurata, Keiichiro Watanabe, Toshikazu Asahito, Isao Saito
OBJECTIVE: To understand the actual condition of orthodontic treatment in team care for patients with syndromic craniosynostosis (SCS) in Japan. DESIGN: A nationwide collaborative survey. SETTING: Twenty-four orthodontic clinics in Japan. PATIENTS: A total of 246 patients with SCS. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Treatment history was examined based on orthodontic records using common survey sheets. RESULTS: Most patients first visited the orthodontic clinic in the deciduous or mixed dentition phase...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333371/use-of-repeat-anterior-maxillary-distraction-to-correct-residual-midface-hypoplasia-in-cleft-patients
#11
Sunil Richardson, Shreya Krishna, Avi Bansal
Objectives: The study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of performing a second, repeat anterior maxillary distraction (AMD) to treat residual cleft maxillary hypoplasia. Materials and Methods: Five patients between the ages of 12 to 15 years with a history of AMD and with residual cleft maxillary hypoplasia were included in the study. Inclusion was irrespective of gender, type of cleft lip and palate, and the amount of advancement needed. Repeat AMD was executed in these patients 4 to 5 years after the primary AMD procedure to correct the cleft maxillary hypoplasia that had developed since the initial procedure...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330949/functional-morphology-of-mimetic-musculature-in-primates-how-social-variables-and-body-size-stack-up-to-phylogeny
#12
Anne M Burrows
Mammalian skeletal muscle is influenced by the functional demands placed upon it. Functional morphology of facial expression musculature, or mimetic musculature, is largely unknown. Recently, primate mimetic musculature has been shown to respond to demands associated with social factors. Body size has also been demonstrated to affect many aspects of primate functional morphology and evolutionary morphology. The present study was designed to further examine the role of social variables and body size in influencing the morphology of primate mimetic musculature using a broad phylogenetic range of primates, primates with varying body sizes, and those that exploit differing time of day activity cycles and social group sizes...
February 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330599/infraorbital-foramen-localization-in-orbitozygomatic-fractures-a-ct-study-with-intraoperative-finding
#13
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ahmed Hassan Sweed
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the infraorbital foramen (IOF) using CT in patients with Zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures (midface fracture). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study was carried out on 49 patients had ZMC fractures (98 sides) and 27 patients (54 sides) with craniomaxillofacial fractures rather than fractured ZMC as a control. Using CT, position of IOF was documented on 3D view in relation to inferior orbital rim, tooth root relation and finally with a novel imaginary line passing between anterior nasal spine and whitnall tubercle...
January 12, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319569/comparing-head-and-facial-computed-tomographic-imaging-in-identifying-operative-facial-fractures
#14
Joseph A Ricci, Bao Ngoc N Tran, Qing Z Ruan, Samuel J Lin, Dhruv Singhal, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND: Patients who present for a trauma workup often have a head computed tomography (CT) performed to identify intracranial pathology. Facial fractures are routinely identified in these patients, and further imaging is the norm with dedicated facial CT scans. Additional imaging increases radiation doses; however, it is unclear if additional operative fractures are identified. The aim of this study was to examine differences between these 2 CT imaging modalities. METHODS: A retrospective review of all operative facial trauma patients receiving both head and facial scans at a single institution was performed (1999-2012)...
January 9, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302733/the-inclusion-of-orbicularis-oculi-muscle-in-the-smas-flap-in-asian-facelift-anatomical-consideration-of-orbicularis-muscle-and-zygomaticus-major-muscle
#15
Min-Hee Ryu, Victor A Moon, Weimin Yin
BACKGROUND: In the malar region, the SMAS flap can be thin and tear easily, making it difficult to securely fix it. And the surgical anatomy of the region may be unclear and confusing. The authors performed an anatomical study on the location of the lateral margin of the orbicularis oculi muscle (OOM) and the origin of the zygomaticus major muscle (ZMM) when using a high-SMAS facelift with finger-assisted spaces dissection technique, which included elevation of the SMAS flap with OOM...
January 4, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298444/human-malformation-syndromes-of-defective-gli-opposite-phenotypes-of-2q14-2-gli2-and-7p14-2-gli3-microdeletions-and-a-glia-r-balance-model
#16
Yo Niida, Mika Inoue, Mamoru Ozaki, Etsuko Takase
GLI family zinc finger proteins are transcriptional effectors of the sonic hedgehog signaling pathway. GLI regulates gene expression and repression at various phases of embryonic morphogenesis. In humans, 4 GLI genes are known, and GLI2 (2q14.2) and GLI3 (7p14.1) mutations cause different syndromes. Here, we present 2 distinctive cases with a chromosomal microdeletion in one of these genes. Patient 1 is a 14-year-old girl with Culler-Jones syndrome. She manifested short stature, cleft palate, and mild intellectual/social disability caused by a 6...
2017: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286994/the-effect-of-midface-advancement-surgery-on-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-syndromic-craniosynostosis
#17
Clair Saxby, Kate A Stephenson, Katherine Steele, Sonna Ifeacho, Michelle E Wyatt, Martin Samuels
BACKGROUND: Children with syndromic craniosynostosis frequently suffer from obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). The aim of the authors' study was to investigate if midface advancement surgery for patients with SC improved the severity of OSA by examining the results of sleep studies before and after surgery. METHODS: A retrospective comparison of the pre and postoperative sleep study data of children undergoing midface advancement surgery at Great Ormond Street Hospital between 2007 and 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280891/reply-facial-contouring-by-targeted-restoration-of-facial-fat-compartment-volume-the-midface
#18
COMMENT
Wenjin Wang, Yun Xie, Ru-Lin Huang, Jia Zhou, Tanja Herrler, Peijuan Zhao, Chen Cheng, Sizheng Zhou, Lee L Q Pu, Qingfeng Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280890/facial-contouring-by-targeted-restoration-of-facial-fat-compartment-volume-the-midface
#19
COMMENT
Morris E Hartstein, Allan E Wulc, John B Holds, Adi Einan-Lifshitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248929/familial-x-y-translocation-encompassing-arse-in-two-moroccan-siblings-with-sensorineural-deafness
#20
Saadia Amasdl, Wiam Smaili, Abdelhafid Natiq, Amale Hassani, Aziza Sbiti, Aomar Agadr, Damien Sanlaville, Abdelaziz Sefiani
Unbalanced translocations involving X and Y chromosomes are rare and associated with a contiguous gene syndrome. The clinical phenotype is heterogeneous including mainly short stature, chondrodysplasia punctata, ichthyosis, hypogonadism, and intellectual disability. Here, we report 2 brothers with peculiar gestalt, short stature, and hearing loss, who harbor an X/Y translocation. Physical examination, brainstem acoustic potential evaluation, bone age, hormonal assessment, and X-ray investigations were performed...
December 16, 2017: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
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