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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777966/determinants-of-choice-of-delivery-place-testing-rational-choice-theory-and-habitus-theory
#1
Anja Broda, Juliane Krüger, Stephanie Schinke, Andreas Weber
OBJECTIVE: The current study uses two antipodal social science theories, the rational choice theory and the habitus theory, and applies these to describe how women choose between intraclinical (i.e., hospital-run birth clinics) and extraclinical (i.e., midwife-led birth centres or home births) delivery places. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey among 189 women. A list of 22 determinants, conceptualized to capture the two theoretical concepts, were rated on a 7-point Likert scale with 1 = unimportant to 7 = very important...
May 7, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777881/single-incision-laparoscopic-versus-conventional-laparoscopic-right-colectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Boye Dong, Zuyang Luo, Jiabao Lu, Yang Yang, Yixian Song, Jie Cao, Wanglin Li
BACKGROUND: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery has gained widespread attention because of its potential benefits such as less skin incision and faster recovery. Up to now, only one meta-analysis (performed in 2013; including 9 studies, a total of 585 cases) compared single-incision laparoscopic right colectomy (SILRC) with conventional laparoscopic right colectomy (CLRC). An updated meta-analysis was undertaken to explore more convinced comparative findings between SILRC and CLRC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The search for studies that compared SILRC with CLRC was done on PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777808/preparation-and-applications-of-glyconanoparticles
#3
Qilin Tang, Gangliang Huang
The glyconanoparticle can be used to construct biological cell models that are similar to the expression of carbohydrates on the surface of cells, and it has become excellent research tools in glycobiology, biopharmaceuticals, and materials science. With the deepening of research, glyconanoparticle has broad application prospects in drug delivery, biomedical imaging, diagnosis and treatment because its preparation is simple, and it has the unique physical, chemical and biological properties. The preparation of glyconanoparticles and their applications were summarized and discussed here...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777799/title-studies-on-drug-switchability-showed-heterogeneity-in-methodological-approaches-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Valeria Belleudi, Francesco Trotta, Simona Vecchi, Laura Amato, Antonio Addis, Marina Davoli
BACKGROUND: Several drugs share the same therapeutic indication, including those undergoing patent expiration. Concerns on the interchangeability are frequent in clinical practice, challenging the evaluation of switchability through observational research. AIM: To conduct a scoping review of observational studies on drug switchability to identify methodological strategies adopted to deal with bias and confounding. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science (updated 1/31/2017) to identify studies evaluating switchability in terms of effectiveness/safety outcomes or compliance...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777778/anterior-approach-in-humeral-plating-osteosynthesis
#5
Daniel Handy Eone, Prudence Christelle Danielle Ngono, Marie Josée Essi, Gaël Leckpa, Kennedy Olivier Muluem, Farikou Ibrahima, Maurice Aurélien Sosso
CONTEXT: Humeral plating osteosynthesis is controversial, particularly regarding the choice between anterior and lateral approach, data for which in the context of a low-income country are lacking. HYPOTHESIS: The anterior approach is an easy surgical technique, allowing good anatomic reconstruction. We hypothesize that the anterior approach is associated with fewer neurovascular lesions and functional sequelae than the lateral approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study with assessment update was carried out over a period of 6 years 4 months from January 2010 to June 2016, with consecutive recruitment in the city of Yaoundé, Cameroon...
May 16, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777667/properties-and-units-in-the-clinical-laboratory-sciences-part-xxiv-properties-and-units-in-clinical-molecular-genetics-technical-report-2017
#6
Ulla M Petersen, Ariadna Padró Miquel, Graham Taylor, Jens Michael Hertz, Rebecca Ceder, Xavier Fuentes Arderiu, Johan T den Dunnen
This document describes the application of the syntax, semantic rules, and format of the Nomenclature for Properties and Units (NPU) terminology for coded dedicated kinds-of-property in the subject field of clinical molecular genetics. A vocabulary for NPU definitions in this field, based on international terminology and nomenclature, is introduced; examples of actual NPU definitions for different types of investigations are given and explained.
May 16, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777452/revision-of-surgical-margin-under-frozen-section-to-achieve-r0-status-on-survival-in-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer
#7
Zi Yin, Yu Zhou, Baohua Hou, Tingting Ma, Min Yu, Chuanzhao Zhang, Xin Lu, Zhixiang Jian
OBJECTIVE: The aim is to investigate whether additional resection based on intraoperative frozen section (FS) to a secondary R0(s) status are associated with different long-term survivals in pancreatic cancer patients, comparing to those with R1 or primary R0(p) status. METHODS: A systematic literature search (PubMed, Embase, Science Citation Index, Springer-Link, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) was performed to identify all studies published up to June 2017...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777206/the-fair-guiding-principles-for-data-stewardship-fair-enough
#8
REVIEW
Martin Boeckhout, Gerhard A Zielhuis, Annelien L Bredenoord
The FAIR guiding principles for research data stewardship (findability, accessibility, interoperability, and reusability) look set to become a cornerstone of research in the life sciences. A critical appraisal of these principles in light of ongoing discussions and developments about data sharing is in order. The FAIR principles point the way forward for facilitating data sharing more systematically-provided that a number of ethical, methodological, and organisational challenges are addressed as well.
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777157/transient-metal-centered-states-mediate-isomerization-of-a-photochromic-ruthenium-sulfoxide-complex
#9
Amy A Cordones, Jae Hyuk Lee, Kiryong Hong, Hana Cho, Komal Garg, Martial Boggio-Pasqua, Jeffrey J Rack, Nils Huse, Robert W Schoenlein, Tae Kyu Kim
Ultrafast isomerization reactions underpin many processes in (bio)chemical systems and molecular materials. Understanding the coupled evolution of atomic and molecular structure during isomerization is paramount for control and rational design in molecular science. Here we report transient X-ray absorption studies of the photo-induced linkage isomerization of a Ru-based photochromic molecule. X-ray spectra reveal the spin and valence charge of the Ru atom and provide experimental evidence that metal-centered excited states mediate isomerization...
May 18, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777145/testicular-sperm-is-superior-to-ejaculated-sperm-for-icsi-in-cryptozoospermia-an-update-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Yi-No Kang, Ya-Wen Hsiao, Chien-Yu Chen, Chien-Chih Wu
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is well established and provides patients with severely impaired sperm quality with an opportunity to father a child. However, previous studies do not clearly indicate whether male with cryptozoospermia should use testicular sperm or ejaculated sperm for ICSI. The newest systematic review of this topic also gave a controversial conclusion that was based on incorrect pooling result. Moreover, two clinical studies published after the systematic review. In the present update systematic review and meta-analysis, a comprehensive citation search for relevant studies was performed using the Cochrane library databases, Embase, Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and Web of Science up to September 2017...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777041/evolving-role-of-diet-in-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Arie Levine, Rotem Sigall Boneh, Eytan Wine
Recent advances in basic and clinical science over the last 3 years have dramatically altered our appreciation of the role of diet in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). The marked increase in incidence of these diseases along with the important role of non-genetic susceptibility among patients with IBD has highlighted that these diseases have a strong environmental component. Progress in the field of microbiome and IBD has demonstrated that microbiome appears to play an important role in pathogenesis, and that diet may in turn impact the composition and functionality of the microbiome...
May 18, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776950/clinical-effects-and-safety-of-electroacupuncture-for-the-treatment-of-post-stroke-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#12
Xue-Bin Li, Jie Wang, An-Ding Xu, Jian-Min Huang, Lan-Qing Meng, Rui-Ya Huang, Jing Xu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the efficacy/effectiveness and safety of electroacupuncture (EA) in the treatment of post-stroke depression (PSD). METHODS: A comprehensive literature search in the Pubmed, Embase, CENTRAL, ISI Web of Science, CNKI and Wanfang databases was conducted, and all relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were screened for eligibility by two independent reviewers. The Cochrane Collaboration's tool and Jadad score were used to assess the risk of bias of included studies, and only RCTs scoring ≥3 were included in a meta-analysis...
May 18, 2018: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776870/historical-bibliometric-analysis-of-the-top-cited-articles-on-vesicoureteral-reflux-1950-2016-and-incorporation-of-a-novel-impact-index
#13
N Fernandez, A Puerto, A Azuero, F O'Kelly, J Hannick, M Rickard, A Kirsch, A Caldamone, M Koyle
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) has been one of the defining conditions unique to pediatric urology since its inception. The clinical implications of this disease process depend on intrinsic patient factors such as age, genetics, epigenetics, voiding habits, anatomic anomalies, and extrinsic factors such as the pathogenicity of infectious agents. Knowledge about its natural history, the implications of conservative and surgical management, and their associated outcomes have evolved dramatically over time...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776785/active-school-travel-intervention-methodologies-in-north-america-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Adrian N Buttazzoni, Emily S Van Kesteren, Tayyab I Shah, Jason A Gilliland
CONTEXT: As children's lifestyles have become increasingly sedentary, active school travel can be a relatively accessible way to increase their daily physical activity. In recent years, several different models of interventions have been utilized to promote children participating in active school travel. This review documents and analyzes the different active school travel intervention methodologies that have been used in North America (Canada or U.S.) by collecting, organizing, and evaluating data relating to all phases of active school travel interventions...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776759/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-blood-pressure-parameters-in-patients-with-vitamin-d-deficiency-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Liqin Shu, Kun Huang
Evidence suggests that supplementation of vitamin D cannot decrease blood pressure in normal populations. However, in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with vitamin D deficient participants (defined as baseline serum 25[OH]D levels <30 ng/mL or 50 nmol/L), this effect is inconsistent and under debate. Thus, we performed this systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate whether vitamin D supplementation could affect blood pressure parameters in vitamin D-deficient subjects. The PubMed, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, and Cochrane library databases were searched...
May 9, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776746/comparison-of-efficacy-of-colonoscopy-between-the-morning-and-afternoon-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Junqi Wu, Sheng-Bing Zhao, Shu-Ling Wang, Jun Fang, Tian Xia, Xiao-Ju Su, Can Xu, Zhao-Shen Li, Yu Bai
OBJECTIVE: Colonoscopy performed in the afternoon, rather than morning, has been reported to be associated with lower rates of adenoma and polyp detection (ADR and PDR) and cecal intubation (CIR). This meta-analysis evaluated the efficacy of afternoon colonoscopy relative to morning colonoscopy. METHODS: The databases MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched to identify potential relevant studies. The primary outcome was ADR and the secondary outcomes were CIR and PDR...
April 9, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776743/tracing-environmental-exposure-from-neurodevelopment-to-neurodegeneration
#17
Amy L Heffernan, Dominic J Hare
Interplay between genetic and environmental factors during critical time windows can have effects that span from neurodevelopment to neurodegeneration. We present the concept of the 'neuroexposome', emphasizing the brain's distinctive response to environmental exposure, and how current 'omics' sciences can inform on both disease pathogenesis and future public health policies.
May 7, 2018: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776710/pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics-computer-decision-support-technologies-and-antimicrobial-stewardship-the-compass-and-rudder
#18
REVIEW
Robert C Owens, Catharine C Bulik, David R Andes
The first guidelines for conducting antimicrobial stewardship in the hospitalized setting were published in 2007. These guidelines recommend that stewardship programs employ the science of pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics (PK-PD) as well as adopting computerized decision support technologies when possible. The United States Food and Drug Administration have adopted PK-PD as a cornerstone in the evaluation of antimicrobial agents during clinical development. The core principles of PK-PD center around describing the relationship between drug exposure indexed to the susceptibility of the infecting bacterial pathogen and patient response...
April 13, 2018: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776584/dopamine-assisted-co-deposition-an-emerging-and-promising-strategy-for-surface-modification
#19
REVIEW
Wen-Ze Qiu, Hao-Cheng Yang, Zhi-Kang Xu
Mussel-inspired chemistry based on polydopamine (PDA) deposition has been developed as a facile and universal method for the surface modification of various materials. However, the inherent shortcomings of PDA coatings still impede their practical applications in the development of functional materials. In this review, we introduce the recent progress in the emerging dopamine-assisted co-deposition as a one-step strategy for functionalizing PDA-based coatings, and improving them in the aspects of deposition rate, morphology uniformity, surface wettability and chemical stability...
April 27, 2018: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776343/physical-inactivity-gender-and-culture-in-arab-countries-a-systematic-assessment-of-the-literature
#20
Eman Sharara, Chaza Akik, Hala Ghattas, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is associated with excess weight and adverse health outcomes. We synthesize the evidence on physical inactivity and its social determinants in Arab countries, with special attention to gender and cultural context. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Popline, and SSCI for articles published between 2000 and 2016, assessing the prevalence of physical inactivity and its social determinants. We also included national survey reports on physical activity, and searched for analyses of the social context of physical activity...
May 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
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