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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651424/estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-renal-scan-and-volumetric-assessment-of-the-kidney-before-and-after-partial-nephrectomy-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#1
Riccardo G Bertolo, Homayoun Zargar, Riccardo Autorino, Cristian Fiori, Jihad H Kaouk, Paul Russo, Robert H Thompson, Francesco Porpiglia
INTRODUCTION: The best method for assessing renal function after partial nephrectomy (PN) continues to be a matter of debate. Early studies evaluated kidney function by measuring serum creatinine (sCr) and/or the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), potentially underestimating the contribution of the contralateral kidney in masking alterations in renal function. Since then, researchers have studied the operated renal unit with the aid of nuclear renal scans (RS). However, taking into consideration the importance of the amount of renal parenchyma spared or sacrificed during PN, many novel methods have been proposed for determining kidney volume before and after PN...
June 23, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649900/sweet-cheeks-vs-pea-brain-embodiment-valence-and-task-all-influence-the-emotional-salience-of-language
#2
Erik M Benau, Sabrina C Gregersen, Paul D Siakaluk, Aminda J O'Hare, Eric K Johnson, Ruth Ann Atchley
Previous research has found that more embodied insults (e.g. numbskull) are identified faster and more accurately than less embodied insults (e.g. idiot). The linguistic processing of embodied compliments has not been well explored. In the present study, participants completed two tasks where they identified insults and compliments, respectively. Half of the stimuli were more embodied than the other half. We examined the late positive potential (LPP) component of event-related potentials in early (400-500 ms), middle (500-600 ms), and late (600-700 ms) time windows...
June 26, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649757/visual-complexity-and-its-effects-on-referring-expression-generation
#3
Micha Elsner, Alasdair Clarke, Hannah Rohde
Speakers' perception of a visual scene influences the language they use to describe it-which objects they choose to mention and how they characterize the relationships between them. We show that visual complexity can either delay or facilitate description generation, depending on how much disambiguating information is required and how useful the scene's complexity can be in providing, for example, helpful landmarks. To do so, we measure speech onset times, eye gaze, and utterance content in a reference production experiment in which the target object is either unique or non-unique in a visual scene of varying size and complexity...
June 26, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649514/early-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-a-patient-with-severe-mucopolysaccharidosis-ii-a-7%C3%A2-years-follow-up
#4
Anneliese L Barth, Tatiana S P C de Magalhães, Ana Beatriz R Reis, Maria Lucia de Oliveira, Fernanda B Scalco, Nicolette C Cavalcanti, Daniel S E Silva, Danielle A Torres, Alessandra A P Costa, Carmem Bonfim, Roberto Giugliani, Juan C Llerena, Dafne D G Horovitz
Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II - Hunter syndrome) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency in the enzyme iduronate-2 sulfatase (I2S), leading to the accumulation of the glycosaminoglycans, affecting multiple organs and systems. Enzyme replacement therapy does not cross the blood brain barrier, limiting results in neurological forms of the disease. Another option of treatment for severe MPS, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has become the treatment of choice for the severe form of MPS type I, since it can preserve neurocognition when performed early in the course of the disease...
September 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649216/retrieval-and-encoding-interference-cross-linguistic-evidence-from-anaphor-processing
#5
Anna Laurinavichyute, Lena A Jäger, Yulia Akinina, Jennifer Roß, Olga Dragoy
The main goal of this paper was to disentangle encoding and retrieval interference effects in anaphor processing and thus to evaluate the hypothesis predicting that structurally inaccessible nouns (distractors) are not considered to be potential anaphor antecedents during language processing (Nicol and Swinney, 1989). Three self-paced reading experiments were conducted: one in German, comparing gender-unmarked reflexives and gender-marked pronouns, and two in Russian, comparing gender-marked and -unmarked reflexives...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647007/childhood-psychiatric-disorders-as-risk-factor-for-subsequent-substance-abuse-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Annabeth P Groenman, Tieme W P Janssen, Jaap Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prospective risk of developing substance-related disorders after childhood mental health disorders (i.e., attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], oppositional defiant disorder [ODD] or conduct disorder [CD], anxiety disorder, and depression) using meta-analysis. METHOD: PubMed, Embase, and PsycInfo were searched for relevant longitudinal studies that described childhood (<18 years old) ADHD, ODD or CD, anxiety, or depression in relation to later alcohol-, nicotine-, or drug-related disorders or substance use disorders (SUDs) published in peer-reviewed journals in the English language from 1986 to May 2016...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642564/remineralisation-and-arresting-caries-in-children-with-topical-fluorides
#7
Neeraj Gugnani, Shalini Gugnani
Data sourcesThe Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase and the ISI Web of Science.Study selectionEnglish language clinical trials in children with outcome measures including the remineralisation or arresting effect of caries by professional fluoride treatment were considered.Data extraction and synthesisTwo reviewers screened the studies and assessed risk of bias. Random effects meta-analysis was conducted.ResultsSeventeen studies were included, ten focused on remineralisation, seven on arresting carious lesions...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641740/the-power-of-language-nutrition-for-children-s-brain-development-health-and-future-academic-achievement
#8
Lauren Head Zauche, Ashley E Darcy Mahoney, Taylor A Thul, Michael S Zauche, Arianne B Weldon, Jennifer L Stapel-Wax
Language Nutrition, a term created to describe language exposure that is rich in quality and quantity and delivered in the context of social interactions, is crucial for a child's development and is strongly associated with his/her future literacy, academic achievement, and health. However, significant differences in children's early language environments contribute to disparities in their educational and health trajectories. Interventions, including book distribution programs, coaching parents to enrich their child's language environment, and public awareness campaigns, have all been shown to positively influence a child's access to language-rich interactions...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639577/characteristics-of-good-s-syndrome-in-china-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Jin-Pei Dong, Wen Gao, Gui-Gen Teng, Yu Tian, Hua-Hong Wang
BACKGROUND: Good's syndrome (GS) is a rare disease characterized by thymoma, hypogammaglobulinemia, low or absent B-cells, decreased T-cells, an inverted CD4+/CD8+ T-cell ratio and reduced T-cell mitogen proliferative responses. GS is difficult to diagnose preoperatively due to its rarity and lack of typical symptoms, the characteristics of Chinese GS patients are still lacking. This study aimed to systematically review all the clinical, laboratory, and immunologic findings of reported cases of Chinese patients with GS...
July 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638355/motion-event-similarity-judgments-in-one-or-two-languages-an-exploration-of-monolingual-speakers-of-english-and-chinese-vs-l2-learners-of-english
#10
Yinglin Ji
Languages differ systematically in how to encode a motion event. English characteristically expresses manner in verb root and path in verb particle; in Chinese, varied aspects of motion, such as manner, path and cause, can be simultaneously encoded in a verb compound. This study investigates whether typological differences, as such, influence how first and second language learners conceptualize motion events, as suggested by behavioral evidences. Specifically, the performance of Chinese learners of English, at three proficiencies, was compared to that of two groups of monolingual speakers in a triads matching task...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637528/maternal-verbal-responsiveness-and-directiveness-consistency-stability-and-relations-to-child-early-linguistic-development
#11
Leila Paavola-Ruotsalainen, Jaana Lehtosaari, Josefina Palomäki, Immi Tervo
Maternal responsive and directive speech to children at ages 0;10 and 2;0 was investigated by applying a procedure first introduced by Flynn and Masur (2007) to a new language community (Finnish). The issues examined were consistency and stability over time, and also the role of responsiveness and directiveness in child linguistic development at 1;0 and 2;6. The measures of maternal speech from each age were used to predict the results of the subsequent linguistic assessment. Negative correlations between responsive and directive utterances were found at both ages...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636872/long-term-postnatal-steroid-effect-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#12
YoungAh Youn, Cheong-Jun Moon, In Kyung Sung
We examined whether hydrocortisone exposure ≤ 1week in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) was associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcomes at corrected 18 months. Further, the clinical factors associated with worse long term outcome were also evaluated. Of a total of 191 VLBWI, the clinical data for these infants relating were retrospectively collected for analysis. Among the 191 VLBWI, 115 (60.2%) infants were exposed to early postnatal hydrocortisone ≤ 1 week of life in our NICU of Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea between December 2012 and December 2014...
June 18, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636181/identification-of-biomarkers-for-early-diagnosis-of-acute-myocardial-infarction
#13
Wen-Han Ge, Yong Lin, Sen Li, Xuefeng Zong, Zhong-Chun Ge
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common disease with serious consequences in mortality and cost. Here we aim to screen the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) as biomarkers for early diagnosis of AMI. The microarray data of AMI was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), including two independent types of research GSE66360 and GSE62646. The DEGs between control and processed samples were screened out by using limma package. Meanwhile, we performed functional analysis of GO terms and/or KEGG pathways to observe the enriched pathways of the DEGs...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633958/small-talk-identifying-communication-problems-in-maltreated-children
#14
M Frederico, A L Jackson, C M Black, A Cox, B Joffe
Development of speech and language is rapid in early years, yet if developmental problems in speech and language are not addressed they are likely to continue and impact negatively on a child's overall development and their life trajectory. Children who have experienced abuse and or neglect are particularly vulnerable. The aim of this study was to develop a tool to assist in identifying a child's need for assessment by a speech pathologist so that there could be early identification of problems. A culturally sensitive tool was developed to be completed by the child's carer included questions on language, speech and hearing, voice, fluency, understanding sentences, vocabulary and expression...
June 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631953/a-morpho-phonological-past-tense-processing-as-a-clinical-marker-in-sli-efl-learners
#15
Elena Even-Simkin
The clinical marker in specific language impairment (SLI) population is the subject of considerable debate. SLI is the one of the frequently diagnosed atypical language phenomena found among early school-age children (McArthur et al., 2000; Spear-Swerling, 2006). For example, children with SLI have difficulty applying the Past Tense rule to verbs, even though they can accurately repeat phonologically similar forms of the words (Hoeffner & McClelland, 1993). In this study, I discuss the grammatical deficits in the SLI population by studying the generation of both 'regular' and 'irregular' English Past Tense forms and explain how the rates of the correct use of the 'irregular' versus 'regular' form may be considered as a clinical SLI marker...
February 15, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631809/anabolic-steroids-for-treating-pressure-ulcers
#16
REVIEW
Cho Naing, Maxine A Whittaker
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers, also known as bed sores, pressure sores or decubitus ulcers develop as a result of a localised injury to the skin or underlying tissue, or both. The ulcers usually arise over a bony prominence, and are recognised as a common medical problem affecting people confined to a bed or wheelchair for long periods of time. Anabolic steroids are used as off-label drugs (drugs which are used without regulatory approval) and have been used as adjuvants to usual treatment with dressings, debridement, nutritional supplements, systemic antibiotics and antiseptics, which are considered to be supportive in healing of pressure ulcers...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631346/historically-informed-nursing-a-transnational-case-study-in-china
#17
Jun Lu, Sonya Grypma, Yingjuan Cao, Lijuan Bu, Lin Shen, Patricia M Davidson
The term 'nurse' (hushi-'caring scholar') did not enter the Chinese language until the early 20th century. Modern nursing-a fundamentally Western notion popularized by Nightingale and introduced to China in 1884-profoundly changed the way care of the sick was practiced. For 65 years, until 1949, nursing developed in China as a transnational project, with Western and Chinese influences shaping the profession of nursing in ways that linger today. Co-authored by Chinese, Canadian, and American nurses, this paper examines the early stages of nursing in one province of China as an exemplar of the transnational nature of nursing development...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631283/assessing-causal-effects-of-early-life-course-factors-on-early-childhood-caries-in-5-year-old-ugandan-children-using-directed-acyclic-graphs-dags-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Nancy Birungi, Lars T Fadnes, Arabat Kasangaki, Victoria Nankabirwa, Isaac Okullo, Stein A Lie, James K Tumwine, Anne N Åstrøm
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of distal and proximal early life-course factors on early childhood caries (ECC) in 5-year-old Ugandan children, particularly focusing on the causal effect of exclusive breast feeding (EBF) on ECC using directed acyclic graphs (DAGs) for confounder selection. METHODS: This study had a nested prospective cohort design, focusing on 5 years of follow-ups of caregiver-children pairs from the PROMISE-EBF trial (ClinicalTrials.gov no: NCT00397150) conducted in 2011 in Eastern Uganda...
June 20, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630689/why-language-matters-a-tour-through-hand-hygiene-literature
#19
Daniela Pires, Ermira Tartari, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues, Didier Pittet
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene has evolved over the last decades and many terminologies emerged. We aimed to analyse the evolution in the frequency of utilization of key hand hygiene terms in the literature along the years. METHODS: We identified keywords and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) used in MEDLINE® indexation related to hand hygiene by searching international guidelines and the MeSH database. We performed a MEDLINE® search combining the selected keywords and MeSH and analysed the number of publications retrieved yearly...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629943/arthroscopically-assisted-fixation-is-a-reliable-option-for-patellar-fractures-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Simone Cerciello, Mark Cote, Sébastien Lustig, Felix Dyrna, Leo Pauzenberger, Philippe Neyret, Augustus D Mazzocca
BACKGROUND: Proper reduction and stable fixation of articular fractures is essential for an early recovery and to avoid late complications. Arthroscopically assisted techniques for minimally invasive fixation have been introduced to reduce local morbidity and improve anatomic reduction of the fragments. However up to date no clear indications for surgery have been given. In addition, the precise rates of functional outcomes and complications are controversial. The hypothesis was the systematic analysis of the available literature would provide precise indications, outcomes and complications of arthroscopically assisted techniques for patellar fracture fixation...
June 16, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
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