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spiritual well-being

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518101/using-wavelet-entropy-to-demonstrate-how-mindfulness-practice-increases-coordination-between-irregular-cerebral-and-cardiac-activities
#1
Hin Hung Sik, Junling Gao, Jicong Fan, Bonnie Wai Yan Wu, Hang Kin Leung, Yeung Sam Hung
In both the East and West, traditional teachings say that the mind and heart are somehow closely correlated, especially during spiritual practice. One difficulty in proving this objectively is that the natures of brain and heart activities are quite different. In this paper, we propose a methodology that uses wavelet entropy to measure the chaotic levels of both electroencephalogram (EEG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) data and show how this may be used to explore the potential coordination between the mind and heart under different experimental conditions...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511738/positive-psychology-outcome-measures-for-family-caregivers-of-people-living-with-dementia-a-systematic-review
#2
Jacki Stansfeld, Charlotte R Stoner, Jennifer Wenborn, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen, Esme Moniz-Cook, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers of people living with dementia can have both positive and negative experiences of caregiving. Despite this, existing outcome measures predominately focus on negative aspects of caregiving such as burden and depression. This review aimed to evaluate the development and psychometric properties of existing positive psychology measures for family caregivers of people living with dementia to determine their potential utility in research and practice. METHOD: A systematic review of positive psychology outcome measures for family caregivers of people with dementia was conducted...
May 17, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511485/spiritual-well-being-and-associated-factors-with-relapse-in-opioid-addicts
#3
Mohammad-Reza Noormohammadi, Masoud Nikfarjam, Fatemeh Deris, Neda Parvin
INTRODUCTION: Opioid dependence relapse is a complex and multidimensional problem, and lack of spiritual well-being is a major concern in opioid addicts. AIM: This study was conducted to determine spiritual well-being and factors associated with relapse among opioid addicts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2015 to September 2015. According to purposive sampling, 312 eligible addicted patients were enrolled in the study...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510288/the-relationship-of-physiopsychosocial-factors-and-spiritual-well-being-in-elderly-residents-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#4
Yi-Heng Chen, Li-Chan Lin, Li-Lan Chuang, Mei-Li Chen
BACKGROUND: Older adults in residential settings frequently suffer from functional decline, mental illness, and social isolation, which make them more vulnerable to spiritual distress. However, empirical evidence of the interrelationships between physiopsychosocial variables and spiritual well-being are still lacking, limiting the application of the biopsychosocial-spiritual model in institutional healthcare practice. AIMS: To explain the mechanisms by which these variables are linked, this cross-sectional study tested a causal model of predictors of spiritual well-being among 377 institutionalized older adults with disability using a structural equation modeling approach...
May 16, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508383/spiritual-well-being-religious-activity-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-sociocultural-ancillary-study
#5
Carrie E Brintz, Orit Birnbaum-Weitzman, Maria M Llabre, Sheila F Castañeda, Martha L Daviglus, Linda C Gallo, Aida L Giachello, Ryung S Kim, Lenny Lopez, Yanping Teng, Frank J Penedo
Sociocultural risk and protective factors for developing the metabolic syndrome (MetS), a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), have not been well studied in Hispanics/Latinos residing in the United States (U.S.). Religiosity and/or spirituality (R/S), important aspects of Hispanic/Latino culture, have been inversely associated with CVD and multiple CVD risk factors. Cross-sectional associations between dimensions of R/S and prevalent MetS, and its five individual components were examined using multiple logistic and linear regression, among 3278 U...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505697/-the-development-of-palliative-care-hospital-support-teams-hpcts-in-bavaria-from-2011-2015-tasks-acceptance-structure-and-funding
#6
Johanna Anneser, Tamara Thurn, Gian Domenico Borasio
Introduction Palliative care hospital support teams (HPCTs) provide inpatients from all departments palliative medical support. Seriously ill as well as dying patients, who are being treated in facilities that do not have their own palliative care unit, can benefit from these multi-professional teams just as much as patients who do not (yet) need to be admitted to a palliative care unit. At the end of 2015, 53 HPCTs, which were in accordance with the requirements established in the "Program for HPCTs" by the Bavarian Ministry of Health in 2009, had been approved in Bavaria...
May 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505323/the-perception-of-spiritual-health-differences-between-citizens-and-physicians-in-the-czech-republic
#7
Ivo Jirásek, Emanuel Hurych
This paper focuses on a phenomenon known as spiritual health. Although the scientific literature defines the concept of this health component (in relation to other dimensions, i.e. physical, mental and social health), there is no agreement concerning its relation to religiousness. The aim of this research is to find out the views of citizens (n = 1810) and physicians (n = 1200) in the Czech Republic on the potential dimension of health in its spiritual mode, and on the understanding of its content by those who acknowledge its existence...
May 15, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503141/addiction-as-an-attachment-disorder-white-matter-impairment-is-linked-to-increased-negative-affective-states-in-poly-drug-use
#8
Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Karl Koschutnig, Jürgen Fuchshuber, Sebastian Tscheschner, Maria Url, Jolana Wagner-Skacel, Eva Z Reininghaus, Ilona Papousek, Elisabeth M Weiss, Andreas Fink
Substance use disorders (SUD) have been shown to be linked to various neuronal and behavioral impairments. In this study, we investigate whether there is a connection between the integrity of white matter (WM) and attachment styles as well as different affective states including spirituality in a group of patients diagnosed for poly-drug use disorder (PUD) in comparison to non-clinical controls. A total sample of 59 right-handed men, comprising the groups of patients with PUD (n = 19), recreational drug-using individuals (RUC; n = 20) as well as non-drug using controls were recruited (NUC; n = 20)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498025/understanding-meaning-in-life-interventions-in-patients-with-advanced-disease-a-systematic-review-and-realist-synthesis
#9
Mariona Guerrero-Torrelles, Cristina Monforte-Royo, Andrea Rodríguez-Prat, Josep Porta-Sales, Albert Balaguer
BACKGROUND: Among patients with advanced disease, meaning in life is thought to enhance well-being, promote coping and improve the tolerance of physical symptoms. It may also act as a buffer against depression and hopelessness. As yet, there has been no synthesis of meaning in life interventions in which contextual factors, procedures and outcomes are described and evaluated. AIMS: To identify meaning in life interventions implemented in patients with advanced disease and to describe their context, mechanisms and outcomes...
February 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491314/major-depressive-disorder-with-religious-struggle-and-completed-suicide-after-hair-transplantation
#10
Mehmet Emin Ceylan, Barış Önen Ünsalver, Alper Evrensel
OBJECTIVES: Psychological outcomes of aesthetic surgical procedures like hair transplantation are mostly positive including decreased anxiety, depression and social phobia and increased general well-being, self-efficacy and self-esteem. However, some patients may suffer from post-surgical depression and post-surgical increased suicide rates have been reported for breast augmentation patients. Difficulty adapting to the new image, unfulfilled psychological needs expected to be met by the surgery, side effects of the surgery like tissue swelling or bruising, uncontrolled pain, presence of body dysmorphic disorder and previous history of mood disorder may be some of the risk factors for post-surgical depression...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488923/the-effects-of-life-review-interventions-on-spiritual-well-being-psychological-distress-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-terminal-or-advanced-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Chong-Wen Wang, Amy Ym Chow, Cecilia Lw Chan
BACKGROUND: Life review interventions have been used to alleviate psycho-spiritual distress in people near the end of life. However, their effectiveness remains inconclusive. AIM: To evaluate the effects of therapeutic life review on spiritual well-being, psychological distress, and quality of life in patients with terminal or advanced cancer. DESIGN: A systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses methodology...
May 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484933/exploring-religiosity-self-esteem-stress-and-depression-among-students-of-a-cypriot-university
#12
Evanthia Sakellari, Maria Psychogiou, Anna Georgiou, Milena Papanidi, Vasso Vlachou, Despina Sapountzi-Krepia
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between Religiosity, Self-esteem, Stress, and Depression among nursing students, social work students, and early-education students of a Cypriot University. The data were collected using four questionnaires. The results indicate a significant positive association between Depression and Stress. Greater levels of Self-esteem were found to be associated with lower depression levels in correlation analysis, while strength of Religious and Spiritual Beliefs was correlated negatively with depression...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482821/understanding-coping-strategies-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum-period-a-qualitative-study-of-women-living-with-hiv-in-rural-uganda
#13
Scholastic Ashaba, Angela Kaida, Bridget Frances Burns, Kasey O'Neil, Emma Dunkley, Christina Psaros, Jasmine Kastner, Alexander C Tsai, David R Bangsberg, Lynn T Matthews
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, 58% of adults living with HIV are women. In Uganda, HIV prevalence is 8.3% for women compared to 6.1% for men. Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) programs have enabled women living with HIV (WLWH) to have children with minimal risk of perinatal transmission. Nevertheless, pregnant WLWH face many challenges. We explored women's perceptions of how they cope with the challenges of pregnancy and the postpartum period as HIV-infected women...
May 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475295/spiritual-care-by-nurses-in-curative-cancer-care-protocol-for-a-national-multicenter-mixed-method-study
#14
Marieke Groot, Anne F Ebenau, Helen Koning, Anja Visser, Carlo Leget, Hanneke W M Van Laarhoven, René Van Leeuwen, Riet Ruben, Marijke Wulp, Bert Garssen
AIM: To gain insight into the quantity and quality of spiritual care provided by nurses in curative cancer care, from the perspectives of both patients and nurses. BACKGROUND: Cancer causes patients to suffer from diverse symptoms related to their illness. Nurses play an important role in the care for people with cancer. Next to paying attention to physical and psychosocial needs, caring for spiritual needs of patients also belongs to good nursing. Most of the research concerning spirituality and spiritual care in relation to cancer has focused on palliative care...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474751/a-willingness-to-go-there-nurses-and-spiritual-care
#15
Mary E Minton, Mary J Isaacson, Brandon Michael Varilek, Jessica L Stadick, Shannon O'Connell-Persaud
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Describe rural and urban palliative/hospice care nurses' communication strategies while providing spiritual care for patients and families at end-of-life. BACKGROUND: Nurses aim to provide holistic care consisting of physical, psychological, and spiritual components. However, it is well documented that spiritual care is largely missing from nursing care. Internationally, spiritual care is a growing topic of interest, yet many nurses feel unprepared to deliver spiritual care...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471764/palliative-care-in-surgery-defining-the-research-priorities
#16
Elizabeth J Lilley, Zara Cooper, Margaret L Schwarze, Anne C Mosenthal
OBJECTIVE: To describe the existing science of palliative care in surgery within three priority areas and expose specific gaps within the field. BACKGROUND: Given the acute and often life-limiting nature of surgical illness, as well as the potential for treatment to induce further suffering, surgical patients have considerable palliative care needs. Yet these patients are less likely to receive palliative care than their medical counterparts and palliative care consultations often occur when death is imminent, reflecting poor quality end-of-life care...
May 3, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470691/revealing-gendered-identity-and-agency-in-dementia
#17
Geraldine Boyle
As identity and agency are central to the well-being of people with dementia, this paper explores whether their dialogue conveys a gendered sense of identity and agency. The author discusses whether they demonstrate not just a subjective sense of being but also an understanding of their relational selves. Findings are presented from a qualitative study in the North of England which examined the everyday decisions made by married couples when one partner had dementia. Ethnographic methods were used, including participant observation and interviews...
May 3, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470161/-evolutionary-concept-analysis-of-spirituality
#18
Il Sun Ko, So Young Choi, Jin Sook Kim
PURPOSE: This study was done to clarify attributes, antecedents, and consequences of spirituality. METHODS: Rodgers's evolutionary concept analysis was used to analyze fifty seven studies from the literature related to spirituality as it appears in systematic literature reviews of theology, medicine, counseling & psychology, social welfare, and nursing. RESULTS: Spirituality was found to consist of two dimensions and eight attributes: 1) vertical dimension: 'intimacy and connectedness with God' and 'holy life and belief', 2) horizontal dimension: 'self-transcendence', 'meaning and purpose in life', 'self-integration', and 'self-creativity' in relationship with self, 'connectedness' and 'trust' in relationship with others·neighbors·nature...
April 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468026/psychiatry-and-religion-opponents-or-collaborators-the-power-of-spirituality-in-contemporary-psychiatry
#19
Miro Jakovljević
Religion and psychiatry have had complicated, sometimes neutral or friendly and cooperative, sometimes competitive and antagonistic relations over their long histories. Relations between psychiatry and religion are influenced by complex belief systems, each diverse and changing. Psychiatry has often ignored spiritual and religious dimension in health and illness while religions influenced the treatment of mental disorders directly by defining mental disorders as evil spirit possessions and prescribing exorcism as treatment...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464086/extension-education-symposium-getting-the-most-out-of-your-extension-appointment-and-still-having-a-life
#20
W Powers, N Cockett, G Lardy
Managing the demands of an academic appointment in extension can be a challenging task. Demands from constituent groups, expectations of supervisors, and rigors of promotion and tenure processes can create pressures that young faculty did not expect. Throw in spousal and family duties and you have created a situation that many will find hard to navigate. However, there are ways to cope and, even better news, there are ways to excel in meeting the demands of an academic appointment and enjoying life. Because many new extension faculty members do not have prior experience in extension, best practices in documenting programs and extension scholarship over the pretenure period are provided in this paper...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
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