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spiritual well-being

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909165/psilocybin-produces-substantial-and-sustained-decreases-in-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-life-threatening-cancer-a-randomized-double-blind-trial
#1
Roland R Griffiths, Matthew W Johnson, Michael A Carducci, Annie Umbricht, William A Richards, Brian D Richards, Mary P Cosimano, Margaret A Klinedinst
: Cancer patients often develop chronic, clinically significant symptoms of depression and anxiety. Previous studies suggest that psilocybin may decrease depression and anxiety in cancer patients. The effects of psilocybin were studied in 51 cancer patients with life-threatening diagnoses and symptoms of depression and/or anxiety. This randomized, double-blind, cross-over trial investigated the effects of a very low (placebo-like) dose (1 or 3 mg/70 kg) vs. a high dose (22 or 30 mg/70 kg) of psilocybin administered in counterbalanced sequence with 5 weeks between sessions and a 6-month follow-up...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894377/effect-of-a-spiritual-care-training-program-for-staff-on-patient-outcomes
#2
Grace Meijuan Yang, Yung Ying Tan, Yin Bun Cheung, Weng Kit Lye, Sock Hui Amy Lim, Wan Ru Ng, Christina Puchalski, Patricia Soek Hui Neo
OBJECTIVE: Physicians and nurses do not assess spirituality routinely, even though spiritual care is a vital part of palliative care for patients with an advanced serious illness. The aim of our study was to determine whether a training program for healthcare professionals on spirituality and the taking of a spiritual history would result in improved patient quality of life (QoL) and spiritual well-being. METHOD: This was a cluster-controlled trial of a spiritual care training program for palliative care doctors and nurses...
November 29, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891520/short-term-lifestyle-strategies-for-sustaining-cognitive-status
#3
Elizabeth P Howard, John N Morris, Knight Steel, Kelley A Strout, Brant E Fries, Alice Moore, Vjenka Garms-Homolová
Cognitive decline impacts older adults, particularly their independence. The goal of this project was to increase understanding of how short-term, everyday lifestyle options, including physical activity, help an older adult sustain cognitive independence. Using a secondary analysis of lifestyle choices, we drew on a dataset of 4,620 community-dwelling elders in the US, assessed at baseline and one year later using 2 valid and reliable tools, the interRAI Community Health Assessment and the interRAI Wellness tool...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869728/a-holistic-model-of-care-to-support-those-living-with-and-beyond-cancer
#4
Tamara Cadet, Cindy Davis, Jacinta Elks, Patricia Wilson
BACKGROUND: Globally, the burden of cancer continues to increase and it is well-documented that while not a homogeneous population, cancer patients and cancer survivors face many physical, psychological, social, spiritual, and financial issues. Cancer care is shifting from a disease-focused to a patient-centered approach resulting in an increased need to address these concerns. METHODS: Utilizing a quality improvement approach, this paper describes an integrated cancer care model at Bloomhill Cancer Center (BCC) in Queensland, Australia that demonstrates the ability to meet the holistic needs of patients living with and beyond cancer and to identify opportunities for better practice and service provision...
November 18, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864991/the-effects-of-life-review-on-psycho-spiritual-well-being-among-patients-with-life-threatening-illness-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Ying Chen, Huimin Xiao, Yanqing Yang, Xiuyan Lan
AIM: To examine the strength of evidence regarding the effects of life review on psycho-spiritual well-being among patients with life-threatening illness. BACKGROUND: Life-threatening illness not only causes physical symptoms but also psycho-spiritual burdens. Life review has been widely implemented to assist people coping with these burdens. However, the effectiveness of life review is not clear. To date, no systematic review or meta-analysis has been published on this topic...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861460/existential-well-being-spirituality-or-well-being
#6
Anja Visser, Bert Garssen, Ad Jjm Vingerhoets
Measures of spirituality often contain the dimension existential well-being (EWB). However, EWB has been found to overlap with emotional and psychological well-being. Using the Spiritual Attitude and Involvement List (SAIL), we have further investigated the overlap between aspects of spirituality and of well-being among patients with cancer, by determining a) the divergent validity of the subscales of the SAIL compared with a well-being questionnaire and b) the differences in their associations to changes in pain and fatigue, and the occurrence of negative life events...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860484/effects-of-praise-dance-on-the-quality-of-life-of-chinese-women
#7
Joanne Wai-Yee Chung, Bonny Yee-Man Wong, Jing-Han Chen, Margaret Wai Ling Chung
OBJECTIVE: Religion, spirituality, and health are inseparable in human history. Yet, the effects of religion and spirituality on health are controversial. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of praise dance on the quality of life (QoL) of women with or without medically diagnosed diseases. METHOD: This was a pretest-posttest study with one convenience sample that took place at Praise Dance Association Hong Kong (PDA) centers. Two hundred and fifty-six Chinese adult females participated...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856683/the-challenging-experience-questionnaire-characterization-of-challenging-experiences-with-psilocybin-mushrooms
#8
Frederick S Barrett, Matthew P Bradstreet, Jeannie-Marie S Leoutsakos, Matthew W Johnson, Roland R Griffiths
Acute adverse psychological reactions to classic hallucinogens ("bad trips" or "challenging experiences"), while usually benign with proper screening, preparation, and support in controlled settings, remain a safety concern in uncontrolled settings (such as illicit use contexts). Anecdotal and case reports suggest potential adverse acute symptoms including affective (panic, depressed mood), cognitive (confusion, feelings of losing sanity), and somatic (nausea, heart palpitation) symptoms. Responses to items from several hallucinogen-sensitive questionnaires (Hallucinogen Rating Scale, the States of Consciousness Questionnaire, and the Five-Dimensional Altered States of Consciousness questionnaire) in an Internet survey of challenging experiences with the classic hallucinogen psilocybin were used to construct and validate a Challenging Experience Questionnaire...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853982/spiritual-care-therapy-on-quality-of-life-in-cancer-patients-and-their-caregivers-a-prospective-non-randomized-single-cohort-study
#9
A Sankhe, K Dalal, V Agarwal, P Sarve
Spiritual care is still in infancy stage all over the globe including India. The present study was an original study evaluating the role of spiritual care in cancer patients and their primary caregivers regarding their spiritual and general well-being. The study was a prospective, non-randomized single-group study involving cancer patients undergoing surgery and their primary caregivers. Functional assessment of cancer therapy-general and functional assessment of chronic illness therapy-spiritual care was evaluated during the admission and at the time of discharge, two, four  and 6 months following discharge from the hospital...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842472/how-occupationally-high-achieving-individuals-with-a-diagnosis-of-schizophrenia-manage-their-symptoms
#10
Amy N Cohen, Alison B Hamilton, Elyn R Saks, Dawn L Glover, Shirley M Glynn, John S Brekke, Stephen R Marder
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to elucidate coping strategies utilized by individuals recovered from schizophrenia. METHODS: This qualitative study enrolled individuals with schizophrenia who had reached a level of recovery defined by their occupational status. Diagnosis of schizophrenia was confirmed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV. Current symptoms were objectively rated by a clinician. Surveys gathered information on demographic characteristics, occupation, salary, psychiatric history, treatment, and functioning...
November 15, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833570/phenotypic-dimensions-of-spirituality-implications-for-mental-health-in-china-india-and-the-united-states
#11
Clayton H McClintock, Elsa Lau, Lisa Miller
While the field of empirical study on religion and spirituality in relation to mental health has rapidly expanded over the past decade, little is known about underlying dimensions of spirituality cross-culturally conceived. We aimed to bridge this gap by inductively deriving potential universal dimensions of spirituality through a large-scale, multi-national data collection, and examining the relationships of these dimensions with common psychiatric conditions. Five-thousand five-hundred and twelve participants from China, India, and the United States completed a two-hour online survey consisting of wide-ranging measures of the lived experience of spirituality, as well as clinical assessments...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822273/spiritual-well-being-and-dyadic-adjustment-mediator-effects-for-family-strengths
#12
Majid Ghaffari
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to test a structural model of hypothesized relationships between spiritual well-being, intervening variables of personal worth of self and others, commitment to relationship stability, commitment to relationship growth, positive interaction/appreciation, communication/conflict resolution, time spent together, and, the dependent variable, dyadic adjustment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and sixty eight (171 females and 97 males) married parent subjects were selected by convenience sampling from three universities in Mazandaran, Iran, to take part in this study...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819804/the-effects-of-mind-subtraction-meditation-on-breast-cancer-survivors-psychological-and-spiritual-well-being-and-sleep-quality-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-south-korea
#13
Mi Ra Yun, Misoon Song, Kyung-Hae Jung, Boas J Yu, Kyung Jae Lee
BACKGROUND: Most breast cancer survivors experience psychological and spiritual distress, including depression, anxiety, perceived stress, and loss of meaningfulness in life. This distress can negatively impact physical health, quality of life, and quality of sleep. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare and examine the effectiveness of mind subtraction meditation (MSM) and a self-management education (SME) group on breast cancer survivors. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with South Korean female breast cancer survivors (stages I-III)...
November 4, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819438/positive-growth-from-adversity-and-beyond-insights-gained-from-cross-examination-of-clinical-and-nonclinical-samples
#14
Pninit Russo-Netzer, Galia Moran
Growth following adversity is a well-known phenomenon. Yet studies often focus on specific populations and/or specific types of adversities, thus limiting opportunities to identify underlying common processes of growth. The present study sought to identify shared positive change processes in different samples of individuals each of whom faced life adversities (clinical/nonclinical) and experienced growth as a result. We conducted a secondary analysis comparing in-depth interviews from 2 independent study samples including 27 Israeli adults that experienced spiritual growth and 31 American mental health peer-providers in recovery...
November 7, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809949/psychometric-testing-of-the-spiritual-well-being-scale-mandarin-version-in-taiwanese-cancer-patients
#15
Woung-Ru Tang, Chen-Yi Kao
OBJECTIVE: The spiritual well-being of terminally ill cancer patients is an important indicator of the quality of their lives and of the quality of hospice care, but no validated tools are available for assessing this indicator in Taiwan. METHOD: The present cross-sectional study validated the Spiritual Well-Being Scale-Mandarin version (SWBS-M) by testing its psychometric properties in 243 cancer patients from five teaching hospitals throughout Taiwan. Construct validity was tested by factor analysis and hypothesis testing...
November 4, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806531/a-study-of-students-health-promoting-lifestyles-at-kermanshah-university-of-medical-sciences-iran
#16
Arash Ziapour, Alireza Khatony, Faranak Jafari, Neda Kianipour
Not only do health-promoting lifestyles promote health status and well-being, they also bring about senses of personal satisfaction and self-actualization. The present study aimed to delve into students' health-promoting lifestyles at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Iran.This descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in 2015 on a sample of 350 students majoring at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. Furthermore, a random sampling method was used, and for data collection, a questionnaire and the health-promoting lifestyle profile II questionnaire by Walker et al...
August 4, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805500/addressing-holistic-health-and-work-empowerment-through-a-body-mind-spirit-intervention-program-among-helping-professionals-in-continuous-education-a-pilot-study
#17
Rainbow T H Ho, Cheuk Yan Sing, Venus P Y Wong
To examine the effectiveness of a body-mind-spirit (BMS) intervention program in improving the holistic well-being and work empowerment among helping professionals in continuous education. Forty-four helping professionals, who were in their first-year part-time postgraduate study, participated in the present study. All participants attended a 3-day BMS intervention program which emphasized a holistic approach to health and well-being. Ratings on their levels of physical distress, daily functioning, affect, spirituality, and psychological empowerment at work were compared before and immediately after the intervention...
November 2016: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797991/experiences-and-explanations-of-mental-ill-health-in-a-group-of-devout-christians-from-the-ethnic-majority-population-in-secular-sweden-a-qualitative-study
#18
Aina Lilja, Valerie DeMarinis, Arja Lehti, Annika Forssén
OBJECTIVE: To explore existential meaning-making in an ethnic-majority subgroup with mental ill health and to increase knowledge about the importance of gaining access to such information in mental healthcare. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews and systematic text condensation analysis. PARTICIPANTS: 17 devote Christians with an ethnic-Swedish background, 12 women and 5 men, 30-73 years old, from different congregations across Sweden, having sought medical care for mental ill health of any kind...
October 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790858/epidemiology-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-therapy-use-in-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-survivorship-patients-in-australia
#19
Julian Lindsay, Masrura Kabir, Nicole Gilroy, Gemma Dyer, Lisa Brice, John Moore, Matthew Greenwood, Mark Hertzberg, David Gottlieb, Stephen R Larsen, Megan Hogg, Louisa Brown, Gillian Huang, Jeff Tan, Christopher Ward, Ian Kerridge
In addition to prescribed conventional medicines, many allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) survivors also use complementary and alternative medical therapies (CAM), however, the frequency and types of CAMs used by allogeneic HSCT survivors remain unclear. Study participants were adults who had undergone an allogeneic HSCT between 1st January 2000 and 31st December 2012. Participants completed a 402-item questionnaire regarding the use of CAM, medical complications, specialist referrals, medications and therapies, infections, vaccinations, cancer screening, lifestyle, and occupational issues and relationship status following stem cell transplantation...
October 27, 2016: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790342/meanings-of-health-for-iranian-diabetic-patients-a-qualitative-study
#20
Golrokh Moridi, Sina Valiee, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi, Golnaz Esmaeil Nasab, Shahnaz Khaledi
INTRODUCTION: Health is an exclusive and subjective phenomenon, and one of the most important situations with regard to perception of health, arises when patients suffer from a chronic disease. This study was conducted within the qualitative research framework and aimed to explore the meanings of health as perceived by a group of Iranian diabetic patients. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative analysis design was used. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 20 participants among diabetic patients, who were admitted to the diabetes care centre of Tohid Hospital of the Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran during a ten-month period in 2014...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
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