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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220381/pharmacological-management-of-people-living-with-end-stage-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
Victoria Dalgliesh, Hilary Pinnock
Supportive care and pharmacological treatment can improve the quality of life of people with end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who cope on a daily basis with substantial physical, psychological, social and spiritual morbidity. Smoking cessation is the only intervention that reduces the rate of progression of COPD, but evidence-based drug treatments and non-pharmacological strategies can relieve symptoms and reduce the impact of exacerbations. People with severe COPD live with increasingly troublesome breathlessness and other symptoms such as fatigue, pain, sputum production and weight loss...
February 21, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217264/eight-essential-foods-in-iranian-traditional-medicine-and-their-role-in-health-promotion-and-well-being
#2
REVIEW
Mehrdad Zeinalian, Mehdi Eshaghi, Mahdi Hadian, Homayoun Naji, Sayed Mohammad Masoud Marandi, Sedigheh Asgary
Eight essential foods (EEF) described in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) have a determinant role to balance human temperament insuring health and well-being. EEF included oral, imaginary, auditory, visual, olfactory, touch, sexual, and familiarity food. Oral foods should be halal, compatible with individual temper, consumed up twice a day, and compatible with different seasons and geographic conditions. Imaginary food consists of the individual thought content which is directly related to mental and physical fitness...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206846/the-healer-s-art-hart-veterinary-students-connecting-with-self-peers-and-the-profession
#3
Beatrice Meyer-Parsons, Sarah Van Etten, Jane R Shaw
This case study sought to understand veterinary students' perceptions and experiences of the Healer's Art (HART) elective to support well-being and resilience. Students' "mindful attention" was assessed using the MAAS-State scale. Course evaluations and written materials for course exercises (artifacts) across the 2012-2015 cohorts of Colorado State University's HART veterinary students (n=99) were analyzed for themes using a grounded theory approach, followed by thematic comparison with analyses of HART medical student participants...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204980/interfaith-spiritual-care-a-systematic-review
#4
Anke I Liefbroer, Erik Olsman, R Ruard Ganzevoort, Faridi S van Etten-Jamaludin
Although knowledge on spiritual care provision in an interfaith context is essential for addressing the diversity of patients' religious and spiritual needs, an overview of the literature is lacking. Therefore, this article reviews the empirical literature on interfaith spiritual care (ISC) in professional caring relationships. A systematic search in electronic databases was conducted to identify empirical studies published after 2000. Twenty-two studies were included. The quality of the included studies was assessed, and their results were thematically analyzed...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198968/effects-of-dignity-therapy-on-terminally-ill-patients-a-systematic-review
#5
Suzana Cristina Teixeira Donato, Jéssica Yumi Matuoka, Camila Cristófero Yamashita, Marina de Goés Salvetti
OBJECTIVE: Analyzing the evidence of the effects of dignity therapy onterminally ill patients. METHOD: A Systematic review of the literature conducted using the search strategy in six databases. Inclusion criteria were primary studies, excluding literature reviews (systematic or not) and conceptual articles. RESULTS: Ten articles were analyzed regarding method, results and evidence level. Dignity therapy improved the sense of meaning andpurpose, will to live, utility, quality of life, dignity and family appreciationin studies with a higher level of evidence...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186487/describing-undergraduate-nurses%C3%A2-student-vision-of-spirituality-as-well-as-their-perception-of-the-nurse%C3%A2-s-role-in-this-dimension
#6
Anne-Marie Martinez, Alain Legault
In North American society people have diverse cultural and religious affiliations. The nursing profession underlines the importance of including patients’ spirituality in giving holistic care. However, studies suggest that the majority of nurses do not include the spiritual dimension on a regular basis. Therefore, we thought it important to focus on undergraduate nurses’ understanding of spirituality as well as on their perception of the nurse’s role in this area. We conducted a quantitative and descriptive cross-sectional study, which gave us an overall view of the students’ perceptions...
1, 2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183363/functional-evaluation-of-treatment-of-chronic-disease-validity-and-reliability-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-spiritual-well-being-scale
#7
Ümmühan Aktürk, Behice Erci, Murat Araz
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted for the purpose of adapting the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being Scale (FACIT-Sp) for the Turkish context and determining its validity and reliability. METHOD: In 2016, a convenience sample of 137 cancer patients from Malatya State Hospital completed a structured questionnaire, which provided demographic characteristics, and the FACIT-Sp-12 for patients with cancer. The obtained data were assessed using Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient (α), Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficient (r), factor analysis, Bartlett's test of sphericity, and the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) measure of sampling adequacy...
February 10, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182466/development-of-a-spirituality-infused-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illnesses
#8
Andrew M Subica, Ann-Marie Yamada
OBJECTIVE: Spirituality offers a vital coping resource that can bolster mental health and psychosocial well-being for individuals with serious mental illnesses (SMI). However, limited research on spirituality-infused evidence-based interventions exists to assist providers in mobilizing spirituality as a mental health resource. This article presents the cognitive-behavioral intervention Spiritual Strategies for Psychosocial Recovery (SSPR), developed to promote recovery among ethnoculturally diverse individuals with SMI by strengthening their coping mechanisms for internal and external distress through spiritual means...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181972/exercise-interventions-to-reduce-cancer-related-fatigue-and-improve-health-related-quality-of-life-in-cancer-patients
#9
REVIEW
Kelly Scott, Bobbie Posmontier
Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is the most common and debilitating side effect of patients receiving treatment of cancer. It is reported that 60% to 100% of patients will develop CRF as a result of the treatment or the cancer itself. The effects last for years posttreatment and lower overall quality of life. The purpose of this integrative review was to determine whether exercise interventions could reduce CRF and improve overall health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among selected cancer patients. Clinical Key, ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source, Cochrane Library, Mosby's Nursing Consult, and MEDLINE (Ovid) were the databases searched...
March 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175997/nothing-left-to-chance-the-impact-of-locus-of-control-on-physical-and-mental-quality-of-life-in-terminal-cancer-patients
#10
Alaina J Brown, Premal H Thaker, Charlotte C Sun, Diana L Urbauer, Eduardo Bruera, Diane C Bodurka, Lois M Ramondetta
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate if locus of control (LOC) predicts various quality of life (QOL) and mental well-being measures among terminally ill cancer patients at the time of palliative care consult. METHODS: Multi-site analysis of patients with advanced cancer being seen as new patients in a Palliative and Supportive Care outpatient clinic. Patients completed the following surveys: locus of control (LOC) scale, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-General (FACT-G), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual (FACIT-Sp), Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS), and Herth Hope Index (HHI)...
February 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174544/the-process-of-self-cultivation-and-the-mandala-model-of-the-self
#11
Meiyao Wu
In his Mandala model of the self, Taiwanese scholar Kwang-Kuo Hwang sees each human being as a combination or intersection of private individual and social person, and also of knowledge and action. To further elaborate the model-with a particular emphasis on teaching/learning, the development of the ideal self and spiritual transcendence-this article will explore the psychological process of self-cultivation in the light of traditional Confucian thinking, which means keeping a balance between inner/outer and self/other...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174332/spiritual-well-being-and-correlated-factors-in-subjects-with-advanced-copd-or-lung-cancer
#12
Takaaki Hasegawa, Momoko Kawai, Nanori Kuzuya, Yohei Futamura, Akane Horiba, Takashi Ishiguro, Tsutomu Yoshida, Toshiyuki Sawa, Yasuyuki Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: Spiritual care for patients with COPD has rarely been discussed, and thus much remains unknown about their needs. The aims of this study were to identify the factors associated with spiritual well-being and to compare the levels of spiritual well-being between subjects with advanced COPD and those with inoperable lung cancer. METHODS: A total of 96 subjects with COPD or lung cancer participated in this study, which was conducted between December 2014 and April 2016...
February 7, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168582/the-relationship-between-spirituality-and-quality-of-life-of-jordanian-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#13
Ahlam Al-Natour, Sharaf Mohammed Al Momani, Abeer M A Qandil
The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between spirituality and quality of life (QoL) of Jordanian women diagnosed with breast cancer. Descriptive cross-sectional design was conducted using a convenient sample of 150 Jordanian women with breast cancer at King Hussein Cancer Center. Participants completed the Arabic version of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-being. A positive linear relationship was found between spirituality and QoL, r = 0.67, p = 0...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163799/psychological-well-being-among-religious-and-spiritual-identified-young-gay-and-bisexual-men
#14
Steven Meanley, Emily S Pingel, José A Bauermeister
Religiosity and spirituality are often integral facets of human development. Young gay and bisexual men (YGBM), however, may find themselves at odds when attempting to reconcile potentially conflicting identities like religion and their sexual orientation. We sought to explore how different components of religiosity (participation, commitment, spiritual coping) are linked to different markers of psychological well-being (life purpose, self-esteem, and internalized homophobia). Using data collected in Metro Detroit (N = 351 ages 18-29 years; 47% African American, 29% Non-Latino White, 8% Latino, 16% Other Race), we examined how components of religiosity/spirituality were associated with psychological well-being among religious/spiritual-identified participants...
March 2016: Sexuality Research & Social Policy: Journal of NSRC: SR & SP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156607/yoga-program-for-patients-with-brain-tumors-undergoing-radiotherapy-xrt-and-their-family-caregivers
#15
Smith Mallaiah, Anita Mahajan, Terri S Armstrong, Shiao-Pei S Weathers, Kathryn E Moss, Nazli Goktepe, Amy Spelman, Lorenzo Cohen
: 200 Background: The role of behavioral medicine in the symptom management of glioma patients is largely unknown. Moreover, although the literature revealed that family caregivers are at risk of physical and psychological burden, the needs of caregivers generally remain unaddressed. The purpose of this study was to establish feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a couple-based Yoga (CBY) intervention in glioma patients and their caregivers targeting QOL outcomes. METHODS: This small, single-arm pilot trial included adults with low and high grade glioma undergoing XRT and their family caregivers...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156580/characteristics-of-patients-with-unscheduled-versus-scheduled-visits-to-outpatient-supportive-care-center-scc-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#16
Ahsan Azhar, Maria Agustina Cerana, Vishidha Reddy Balankari, Madhuri Adabala, Diane D Liu, Janet L Williams, Eduardo Bruera
: 144 Background: There is limited literature regarding outpatient palliative care, and even more limited literature describing factors associated with unscheduled visits. Our aim was to identify clinical characteristics of patients who walk-in (present unscheduled) to the outpatient SCC with the hypothesize that the patients who present for unscheduled visits have more severe symptom distress as compared to those patients who present for scheduled appointments. METHODS: We compared 183 patients with unscheduled consults (CO) vs a random sample of 361 patients with scheduled CO and 159 patients with unscheduled follow-up (FU) visits vs a random sample of 318 patients with scheduled FU visits...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156569/differences-in-self-care-behaviors-by-varying-levels-of-caregiving-intensity-performance-and-well-being-among-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-high-mortality-cancer
#17
Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Richard A Taylor, Gabrielle Betty Rocque, Andres Azuero, Aras Acemgil, Michelle Y Martin, Meka Astin, Deborah Ejem, Elizabeth Ann Kvale, Karen Heaton, Maria Pisu, Edward E Partridge, Marie Bakitas
: 239 Background: Family caregivers of high-mortality cancer patients perform vital tasks that deter from their own self-care. We aimed to determine differences in self-care behaviors by varying levels of caregiving intensity, well-being, and performance. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey conducted in community settings of 8 cancer centers in AL, FL, and TN. Two-hundred and ninety-four family caregivers of Medicare beneficiaries diagnosed with pancreatic, lung, brain, ovarian, head & neck, hematologic, or stage IV cancer completed measures of self-care behaviors, including health responsibility, physical activity, nutrition, spiritual growth, interpersonal relations, stress management, and sleep; anxiety and depression; health-related quality of life (HRQoL); caregiver competence and preparedness; and decision-making self-efficacy...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156544/equity-in-patient-provider-communication-regarding-treatment-related-symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#18
Jennifer Schaal, Linda Robertson, Eugenia Eng, Jemeia G Kollie, Christina Yongue, Karen Foley, Beth Smith, Mellissa K Yee, Kristin Black, Katrina Ellis, Lucretia Hoffman, Alexandra Lightfoot, Claire Morse, Neda Padilla, Sam Cykert
: 127 Background: Compared with white breast cancer patients, black patients more often report inadequate symptom control and decrements in health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Racial differences in patient-provider communication (PPC) are well-documented and linked to worse health outcomes for minorities; however, less is known about inequities in symptom and HRQOL discussions among cancer patients and providers. As part of an NCI-funded systems change intervention to improve racial equity in treatment completion among Black and White cancer patients, we assessed racial differences in PPC regarding treatment-related symptoms, HRQOL issues (e...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156531/spirituality-religiosity-spiritual-pain-and-quality-of-life-among-caregivers-of-latin-american-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-multicenter-study
#19
Alejandra Palma, Eva Rossina Duarte, Monica Grez, Laura Tupper, Diane D Liu, Andrea Octavia Ferguson, Hilda Cantu, Jewel Ochoa, Janet L Williams, Eduardo Bruera
: 245 Background: Caregivers of cancer patients often face physical, and psychosocial hardship. The association between spirituality (S), religiosity (R), spiritual pain (SP), coping, and quality of life (QOL) have not been well characterized. The main purpose of this multicenter study was to determine these associations among LACs. METHODS: We interviewed 319 LACs at palliative care clinics in Chile, Guatemala, and the US. LACs completed FICA (S/R assessment), ESAS-FS, PSWQ (worry), B-COPE/B-R-COPE (coping), and FACIT-Sp (spiritual well-being)...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156529/spirituality-religiosity-spiritual-pain-and-quality-of-life-among-latin-american-patients-with-advanced-cancer-laadca-a-multicenter-study
#20
Alejandra Palma, Eva Rossina Duarte, Monica Grez, Laura Tupper, Diane D Liu, Andrea Octavia Ferguson, Eduardo Bruera
: 246 Background: The associations between spirituality (S), religiosity (R), spiritual pain (SP), symptom, coping and quality of life (QOL) have not been well characterized in LAAdCa. The main purpose of this Multicenter study was to analyze these associations. METHODS: We interviewed 325 LAAdCa at a Palliative Care clinic in Chile, Guatemala, and USA. They completed FICA (S/R assessment), ESAS-FS (including SP), PSWQ (Worry), B-COPE and B-R-COPE (coping), FACIT-sp-ex (Spiritual Well-being)...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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