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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343928/exploration-of-lower-frequency-eeg-dynamics-and-cortical-alpha-asymmetry-in-long-term-rajyoga-meditators
#1
Kanishka Sharma, Sushil Chandra, Ashok Kumar Dubey
Background: Rajyoga meditation is taught by Prajapita Brahmakumaris World Spiritual University (Brahmakumaris) and has been followed by more than one million followers across the globe. However, rare studies were conducted on physiological aspects of rajyoga meditation using electroencephalography (EEG). Band power and cortical asymmetry were not studied with Rajyoga meditators. Aims: This study aims to investigate the effect of regular meditation practice on EEG brain dynamics in low-frequency bands of long-term Rajyoga meditators...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333200/perceptions-of-mindfulness-in-a-low-income-primarily-african-american-treatment-seeking-sample
#2
Claire Adams Spears, Sean C Houchins, Wendy P Bamatter, Sandra Barrueco, Diana Stewart Hoover, Rokas Perskaudas
Individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) and members of racial/ethnic minority groups often experience profound disparities in mental health and physical well-being. Mindfulness-based interventions show promise for improving mood and health behaviors in higher-SES and non-Latino White populations. However, research is needed to explore what types of adaptations, if any, are needed to best support underserved populations. This study used qualitative methods to gain information about a) perceptions of mindfulness, b) experiences with meditation, c) barriers to practicing mindfulness, and d) recommendations for tailoring mindfulness-based interventions in a low-income, primarily African American treatment-seeking sample...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332172/spirituality-as-a-protective-health-asset-for-young-people-an-international-comparative-analysis-from-three-countries
#3
Fiona Brooks, Valerie Michaelson, Nathan King, Jo Inchley, William Pickett
OBJECTIVES: Spirituality has been proposed as a potential health asset a 'developmental engine' that works by fostering the search for connectedness, meaning and purpose. The aim is to examine to what extent spiritual health might be protective of young people's overall health and well-being. METHODS: In 2014, young people aged 11, 13, and 15 years in England, Scotland and Canada were surveyed as part of the HBSC study (n = 26,701). The perceived importance of spiritual health and domains (connections with self, others, nature, and the transcendent) was measured in these countries...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323766/acupuncture-in-hospice-settings-a-qualitative-exploration-of-patients-experiences
#4
P McPhail, H Sandhu, J Dale, S Stewart-Brown
Whilst acupuncture has the potential to impact on many aspects of health and well-being, including end-of-life care, there is little research regarding patients' experiences of its effects within the context of palliative care in hospice settings. The aim of this study was to address this gap, by exploring patients' experiences of acupuncture within this setting. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of eighteen patients who had received acupuncture as part of hospice care. Transcription of data, with thematic analysis, identified two overarching themes: (1) participant perceptions of the effects of acupuncture including pain control, improved physical and emotional health, spiritual well-being and awareness of health as a holistic phenomenon; and (2) factors which participants believed enabled acupuncture to have these effects including the quality of the practitioner relationship, engagement of participants in the process of their treatment and prior expectations that acupuncture could work...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318435/exploring-the-relationship-between-spiritual-well-being-and-death-anxiety-in-survivors-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-moderating-role-of-sex-marital-status-and-social-support
#5
Mohammad Ali Soleimani, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Ken Kyid Yeoh, Bianca Panarello
Previous empirical studies have shown that both spiritual well-being (SWB) and death anxiety (DA) significantly affect the mental health of patients with acute diseases. In this regard, our paper contributes to the extant literature by scrutinizing the conditional relationship between SWB and DA as well as the various mechanisms underpinning such a relationship in patients with acute myocardial infraction (AMI). A descriptive, correlational methodology was utilized. Our main sample consisted of 300 patients with acute myocardial infraction who were hospitalized in a specialized medical institution in Iran throughout a two-month period (i...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316883/active-ingredients-of-a-person-centred-intervention-for-people-on-hiv-treatment-analysis-of-mixed-methods-trial-data
#6
Keira Lowther, Richard Harding, Victoria Simms, Aabid Ahmed, Zipporah Ali, Nancy Gikaara, Lorraine Sherr, Hellen Kariuki, Irene J Higginson, Lucy Ellen Selman
BACKGROUND: A new model of care is required to meet the changing needs of people living with HIV (PLWH), particularly in low and middle-income countries, where prevalence is highest. We evaluated a palliative care intervention for PLWH in Mombasa, Kenya. Although we found no effect on pain (primary outcome), there was a positive effect on mental health (secondary outcome) in the intervention group. To inform replication and implementation, we have determined the active ingredients of the intervention and their mechanisms of action...
January 10, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297392/summary-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-on-identifying-and-responding-to-maternal-and-newborn-illness-in-seven-countries-implications-for-programs
#7
Danielle Charlet, Allisyn C Moran, Supriya Madhavan
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of systematic information documenting recognition of potentially life-threatening complications and decisions to seek care, as well as reaching care and the specific steps in that process. In response to this gap in knowledge, a multi-country mixed methods study was conducted to illuminate the dynamics driving Delays 1 and 2 across seven countries for maternal and newborn illness and death. METHODS: A common protocol and tools were developed, adapted by each of seven study teams depending on their local context (Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, and Nepal)...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284761/refugees-in-conflict-creating-a-bridge-between-traditional-and-conventional-health-belief-models
#8
Eran Ben-Arye, Massimo Bonucci, Michel Daher, Rejin Kebudi, Bashar Saad, Thomas Breitkreuz, Maryam Rassouli, Elio Rossi, Nahla Gafer, Omar Nimri, Mohamed Hablas, Gunver Sophia Kienle, Noah Samuels, Michael Silbermann
The recent wave of migration from Middle Eastern countries to Europe presents significant challenges to the European health profession. These include the inevitable communication gap created by differences in health care beliefs between European oncologists, health care practitioners, and refugee patients. This article presents the conclusions of a workshop attended by a group of clinicians and researchers affiliated with the Middle East Cancer Consortium, as well as four European-based health-related organizations...
December 28, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283867/the-impact-of-public-health-awareness-campaigns-on-the-awareness-and-quality-of-palliative-care
#9
Jane Seymour
OBJECTIVE: The right to health includes a right of access to good quality palliative care, but inequalities persist. Raising awareness is a key plank of the public health approach to palliative care, but involves consideration of subjects most of us prefer not to address. This review addresses the question: "do public health awareness campaigns effectively improve the awareness and quality of palliative care"? BACKGROUND: The evidence shows that public awareness campaigns can improve awareness of palliative care and probably improve quality of care, but there is a lack of evidence about the latter...
January 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280087/depression-and-help-seeking-among-native-hawaiian-women
#10
Van M Ta Park, Joseph Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula, Puihan Joyce Chao, Mapuana Antonio
The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to gain insight about Native Hawaiian (NH) women's experiences with, and viewpoints of, depression and help-seeking behaviors (N = 30: 10 from the university and 20 from the community). More women reported depression in the interviews than through their Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) responses. Quantitative data revealed 57% of the women had ever received mental health help (80% of university vs. 45% of community sample). There was a range of satisfaction reported for various types of mental health care, with satisfaction being the highest for spiritual/religious advisor/folk healer...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279025/spiritual-diversity-and-living-with-early-stage-dementia
#11
Jocelyn Shealy McGee, Holly Carlson Zhao, Dennis R Myers, Hannah Seela Eaton
Attention to spiritual diversity is necessary for the provision of culturally informed clinical care for people with early-stage dementia and their family members. In this article, an evidence-based theoretical framework for conceptualizing spiritual diversity is described in detail (Pargament, 2011). The framework is then applied to two clinical case studies of people living with early-stage dementia to elucidate the multilayered components of spiritual diversity in this population. The case studies were selected from a larger mixed-methods study on spirituality, positive psychological factors, health, and well-being in people living with early-stage dementia and their family members...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275505/the-impact-of-a-mind-body-program-on-multiple-dimensions-of-resiliency-among-geographically-diverse-patients-with-neurofibromatosis
#12
Emily L Zale, Catherine Pierre-Louis, Eric A Macklin, Eric Riklin, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
The neurofibromatoses (NF) are incurable genetic disorders that can cause nerve sheath tumors, chronic pain, and disfiguration. Patients with NF report lower quality of life and greater distress, and may benefit from programs that promote resiliency. To test effects of an 8-week mind-body program (Relaxation Response Resiliency Program for NF [3RP-NF]) on resiliency, using data derived from a larger randomized controlled trial of the 3RP-NF versus attention placebo control (Vranceanu et al. in Neurology 87:806-814, 2016)...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273041/integrative-health-care-what-are-the-relevant-health-outcomes-from-a-practice-perspective-a-survey
#13
Ania Kania-Richmond, Amy Metcalfe
BACKGROUND: Integrative health care (IHC) is an innovative approach to health care delivery. There is increasing focus on and demand for the evaluation of IHC practices. To ensure such evaluations capture their full scope, a clear understanding of the types of outcomes relevant to an IHC approach is needed. The objective was to describe the health domains and health outcomes relevant to IHC practices in Canada. METHODS: An online survey of Canadian IHC clinics. Survey questions were informed by the IN-CAM Health Outcomes Database...
December 22, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258480/end-of-life-care-preferences-among-people-of-advanced-age-lilacs-nz
#14
Merryn Gott, Rosemary Frey, Janine Wiles, Anna Rolleston, Ruth Teh, Tess Moeke-Maxwell, Ngaire Kerse
BACKGROUND: Understanding end of life preferences amongst the oldest old is crucial to informing appropriate palliative and end of life care internationally. However, little has been reported in the academic literature about the end of life preferences of people in advanced age, particularly the preferences of indigenous older people, including New Zealand Māori. METHODS: Data on end of life preferences were gathered from 147 Māori (aged >80 years) and 291 non- Māori aged (>85 years), during three waves of Te Puawaitangi O Nga Tapuwae Kia Ora Tonu, Life and Living in Advanced Age (LiLACs NZ)...
December 19, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250775/most-impactful-factors-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-a-geriatric-population-with-cancer
#15
Maria Pisu, Andres Azuero, Karina I Halilova, Courtney P Williams, Kelly M Kenzik, Elizabeth A Kvale, Grant R Williams, Karen Meneses, Margaret Sullivan, Supriya Kumar Yagnik, Hans-Peter Goertz, Gabrielle B Rocque
BACKGROUND: As the population of older adults with cancer continues to grow, the most important factors contributing to their health-related quality of life (HRQOL) remain unclear. METHODS: A total of 1457 older adults (aged ≥65 years) with cancer participated in a telephone survey. Outcomes were measured using the Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) scores of the 12-Item Short Form Survey (SF-12) from the Medical Outcomes Study (version 2)...
December 18, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235393/needs-of-people-with-advanced-dementia-in-their-final-phase-of-life-a-multi-perspective-qualitative-study-in-nursing-homes
#16
Holger Schmidt, Yvonne Eisenmann, Heidrun Golla, Raymond Voltz, Klaus Maria Perrar
BACKGROUND: People with advanced dementia present an important target group for palliative care. They suffer a range of symptoms, and their verbal communication abilities are highly restricted. At present, little is known about their needs in the final phase of life. AIM: To identify the needs of people with advanced dementia in their final phase of life and to explore the aspects relevant to first recognize and then meet these needs. DESIGN: Multi-perspective qualitative study using grounded theory methodology conducting group discussions, individual interviews, and participant observation...
December 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234394/predictors-of-traditional-medical-practices-in-illness-behavior-in-northwestern-ethiopia-an-integrated-model-of-behavioral-prediction-based-logistic-regression-analysis
#17
Abenezer Yared
This study aimed at investigating traditional medical beliefs and practices in illness behavior as well as predictors of the practices in Gondar city, northwestern Ethiopia, by using the integrated model of behavioral prediction. A cross-sectional quantitative survey was conducted to collect data through interviewer administered structured questionnaires from 496 individuals selected by probability proportional to size sampling technique. Unadjusted bivariate and adjusted multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed, and the results indicated that sociocultural predictors of normative response and attitude as well as psychosocial individual difference variables of traditional understanding of illness causation and perceived efficacy had statistically significant associations with traditional medical practices...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229011/making-sense-of-loss-through-spirituality-perspectives-of-african-american-family-members-who-have-experienced-the-death-of-a-close-family-member-to-cancer
#18
Jill B Hamilton, Nakia C Best, Jessica S Wells, Valarie C Worthy
OBJECTIVE: Among African Americans, spirituality is meaning or purpose in life and a faith in God who is in control of health and there to provide support and guidance in illness situations. Using qualitative methods, we explored the use of spirituality to make sense of the end-of-life and bereavement experiences among family members of a deceased cancer patient. METHOD: Data in this report come from 19 African Americans who experienced the loss of a family member to cancer...
December 12, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224523/the-effect-of-religious-involvement-on-life-satisfaction-among-korean-christians-focused-on-the-mediating-effect-of-spiritual-well-being-and-self-esteem
#19
Jieun Yoo
The present study examined the relationship between two categories of religious involvement, namely religious belief and religious behavior, and life satisfaction among Korean Christians (N = 278) with spiritual well-being and self-esteem as potential mediators in this relationship by using structural equation modeling (SEM). The results supported the full mediated structural model and indicated that religious belief had a significant indirect effect on life satisfaction through the mediators, spiritual well-being and self-esteem...
December 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218498/the-epidemiology-of-coping-in-african-american-adults-in-the-jackson-heart-study-jhs
#20
Allison B Brenner, Ana V Diez-Roux, Samson Y Gebreab, Amy J Schulz, Mario Sims
Differences in coping within the African American population are not well understood, yet these differences may be critical to reducing stress, improving health, and reducing racial health disparities. Using a descriptive, exploratory analysis of the Jackson Heart Study (N = 5301), we examine correlations between coping responses and associations between coping and demographic, socioeconomic, psychosocial, and neighborhood factors. Overall, coping responses were not strongly correlated and patterns of associations between covariates and coping responses were largely inconsistent...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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