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spiritual well-being

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648149/attitudes-to-sexual-health-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-national-survey-of-youth-aged-15-25-years
#1
Matthew Hogben, Christopher Harper, Melissa A Habel, Kathryn Brookmeyer, Allison Friedman
Background: Several common global definitions of sexual health refer to physical, emotional and social well-being, with respect to sexuality, and also to the need for this well-being to be reflected for all individuals in relationships. How well sexual health definitions fit US youths' attitudes to sexual health, and associations between these attitudes, sexual behaviours and sexual health care were assessed. Methods: In total, 4017 youth aged between 15 and 25 years via an online survey panel, weighted to be representative of the US population, were surveyed...
June 26, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637083/changes-in-spiritual-well-being-and-psychological-outcomes-in-ovarian-cancer-survivors
#2
Lauren Z Davis, Michaela Cuneo, Premal H Thaker, Michael J Goodheart, David Bender, Susan Lutgendorf
OBJECTIVE: Because of the poor prognosis of ovarian cancer and concomitant distress, understanding contributors to positive well-being is critical. This study examines spiritual growth as a domain of posttraumatic growth and its contribution to longitudinal emotional outcomes in ovarian cancer. METHODS: Ovarian cancer patients (N=241) completed measures assessing spirituality (FACIT-SP-12; subscales: faith, meaning, and peace), depression (CESD), cancer-specific anxiety (IES), and total mood disturbance (TMD: POMS) prior to surgery and one-year post-surgery...
June 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632083/patient-reported-outcome-measure-of-spiritual-care-as-delivered-by-chaplains
#3
Austyn Snowden, Iain Telfer
Chaplains are employed by health organizations around the world to support patients in recognizing and addressing their spiritual needs. There is currently no generalizable measure of the impact of these interventions and so the clinical and strategic worth of chaplaincy is difficult to articulate. This article introduces the Scottish PROM, an original five-item patient reported outcome measure constructed specifically to address this gap. It describes the validation process from its conceptual grounding in the spiritual care literature through face and content validity cycles...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632007/what-do-medical-students-do-for-self-care-a-student-centered-approach-to-well-being
#4
Erin E Ayala, Aisha M Omorodion, Dennis Nmecha, Jeffrey S Winseman, Hyacinth R C Mason
Phenomenon: Despite the promotion of medical student health and wellness through recent program and curricular changes, research continues to show that medical education is associated with decreased well-being in medical students. Although many institutions have sought to more effectively assess and improve self-care in medical students, no self-care initiatives have been designed using the explicit perspectives of students themselves. APPROACH: Using concept mapping methodology, the research team created a student-generated taxonomy of self-care behaviors taken from a national sample of medical students in response to a brainstorming prompt...
February 16, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629462/treatment-decisions-for-older-adults-with-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
REVIEW
Steven J Rosansky, Jane Schell, Joseph Shega, Jennifer Scherer, Laurie Jacobs, Cecile Couchoud, Deidra Crews, Matthew McNabney
Dialysis initiation rates among older adults, aged 75 years or greater, are increasing at a faster rate than for younger age groups. Older adults with advanced CKD (eGFR < 30 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) typically lose renal function slowly, often suffer from significant comorbidity and thus may die from associated comorbidities before they require dialysis.A patient's pattern of renal function loss over time in relation to their underlying comorbidities can serve as a guide to the probability of a future dialysis requirement...
June 19, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628806/resilience-and-spirituality-in-patients-with-depression-and-their-family-members-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Chisa Ozawa, Takefumi Suzuki, Yuya Mizuno, Ryosuke Tarumi, Kazunari Yoshida, Kazuhito Fujii, Jinichi Hirano, Hideaki Tani, Ellen B Rubinstein, Masaru Mimura, Hiroyuki Uchida
OBJECTIVE: The degree and quality of resilience in patients with depression have never been investigated in the context of remission status, spirituality/religiosity, and family members' resilience levels, which was addressed in this study. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited Japanese outpatients with depressive disorder according to ICD-10 and cohabitant family members who were free from psychiatric diagnoses. Resilience was assessed using the 25-item Resilience Scale (RS)...
June 8, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627285/older-military-veteran-care-many-still-believe-they-are-forgotten
#7
Cathy Young, Patricia L Conard, Myrna L Armstrong, Darlene Lacy
BACKGROUND: Almost 44% of our nation's 23 million men and women veterans are 65 years of age or older. Most are proud of their service, yet many believe their services for our country were forgotten, especially those in combat between 1950 and 1975. PURPOSE: Further information to ultimately assist their holistic well-being will be important for nursing practice as countless older veterans are beginning to obtain more care within civilian facilities. Using the Korean War (1950-1953) as a backdrop to illustrate the interconnectiveness of older veteran physical, emotional, and spiritual concerns that can occur from a military deployment, the major purposes of this article are to provide a brief historical snapshot of that war and discuss prior-era military environmental situations that now are producing the lingering effects from their combat exposure...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619092/prevalence-and-patterns-of-use-of-mantra-mindfulness-and-spiritual-meditation-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#8
Adam Burke, Chun Nok Lam, Barbara Stussman, Hui Yang
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing body of scientific literature exploring the nature of meditation there is limited information on the characteristics of individuals who use it. This is particularly true of comparative studies examining prevalence and predictors of use of various forms of meditation. METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted using data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (n = 34,525). Three popular forms of meditation were compared-mantra, mindfulness, and spiritual-to determine lifetime and 12-month use related to key sociodemographic, health behavior, health status, and healthcare access variables...
June 15, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609257/characteristics-of-participants-enrolled-onto-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-palliative-care-for-patients-on-phase-i-studies
#9
Betty R Ferrell, Carly L Paterson, Mark T Hughes, Vincent Chung, Marianna Koczywas, Thomas J Smith
INTRODUCTION: Advanced cancer patients participating in phase 1 clinical trials experience considerable symptom burden. Palliative care (PC) may benefit these individuals by providing supportive care during clinical research participation. This study investigates integration of a PC intervention among phase 1 trial participants with advanced cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study is a multisite randomized clinical trial testing a concurrent PC intervention among phase 1 trial participants...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606083/the-spiritual-history-in-outpatient-practice-attitudes-and-practices-of-health-professionals-in-the-adventist-health-system
#10
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Ted Hamilton
BACKGROUND: A screening spiritual history (SSH) is how health professionals (HP) identify patients' spiritual values, beliefs and preferences (VBPs) in the outpatient setting. We report on attitudes and practices of HPs in the largest Protestant health system in the U.S., the Adventist Health System (AHS). METHOD: Physicians or mid-level practitioners (N = 1082) in AHS-affiliated practices were approached and 513 (47%) agreed to participate. Participants were asked to identify a "spiritual care coordinator" (nurse/staff) and complete a questionnaire that assessed demographics, practice characteristics, religious involvement, and attitudes/practices concerning the SSH...
June 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604159/spiritual-care-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-narrative-review
#11
Jim Q Ho, Christopher D Nguyen, Richard Lopes, Stephen C Ezeji-Okoye, Ware G Kuschner
Spiritual care is an important component of high-quality health care, especially for critically ill patients and their families. Despite evidence of benefits from spiritual care, physicians and other health-care providers commonly fail to assess and address their patients' spiritual care needs in the intensive care unit (ICU). In addition, it is common that spiritual care resources that can improve both patient outcomes and family member experiences are underutilized. In this review, we provide an overview of spiritual care and its role in the ICU...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601957/examining-the-effect-of-peer-helping-in-a-coping-skills-intervention-a-randomized-controlled-trial-for-advanced-gastrointestinal-cancer-patients-and-their-family-caregivers
#12
Catherine E Mosher, Ekin Secinti, Shelley A Johns, Bert H O'Neil, Paul R Helft, Safi Shahda, Shadia I Jalal, Victoria L Champion
PURPOSE: At the end of life, spiritual well-being is a central aspect of quality of life for many patients and their family caregivers. A prevalent spiritual value in advanced cancer patients is the need to actively give. To address this need, the current randomized trial examined whether adding a peer helping component to a coping skills intervention leads to improved meaning in life and peace for advanced gastrointestinal cancer patients and their caregivers. Feasibility and acceptability outcomes were also assessed...
June 10, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601104/health-promoting-lifestyles-and-psychological-distress-associated-with-well-being-in-community-adults
#13
Shu Ping Chuang, Jo Yung Wei Wu, Chien Shu Wang, Li Hsiang Pan
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the associations among health-promoting behaviors, psychological distress, and well-being among community residents. Well-being measurement was examined through health-promoting behaviors and psychological distress. METHODS: From March 1 to October 31, 2016, a total of 383 community residents were assessed in their health-promoting lifestyles (HPLP-II), psychological distress (K10) and wellbeing (SWLS and PWB). RESULTS: Stepwise regression analysis revealed that interpersonal relations, physical activity, and psychological distress accounted for 21% of the variance in life satisfaction (SWLS)...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597090/ethnic-and-gender-differences-in-preferred-activities-among-m%C3%A4-ori-and-non-m%C3%A4-ori-of-advanced-age-in-new-zealand
#14
Valerie A Wright-St Clair, Angela Rapson, Mere Kepa, Martin Connolly, Sally Keeling, Anna Rolleston, Ruth Teh, Joanna B Broad, Lorna Dyall, Santosh Jatrana, Janine Wiles, Avinesh Pillai, Nick Garrett, Ngaire Kerse
This study explored active aging for older Māori and non-Māori by examining their self-nominated important everyday activities. The project formed part of the first wave of a longitudinal cohort study of aging well in New Zealand. Māori aged 80 to 90 and non-Māori aged 85 were recruited. Of the 937 participants enrolled, 649 answered an open question about their three most important activities. Responses were coded under the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), Activities and Participation domains...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595446/life-perceptions-of-patients-receiving-palliative-care-and-experiencing-psycho-social-spiritual-healing
#15
Lingsheng Li, Danetta H Sloan, Ambereen K Mehta, Gordon Willis, Meaghann S Weaver, Ann C Berger
BACKGROUND: It is important to identify, from the patients' perspectives, the different factors that contribute toward psycho-social-spiritual healing. METHODS: This was a qualitative study that took place at a large research center, an underserved clinic, and a community hospital. We used a needs assessment questionnaire and open-ended questions to assess the constituents of psycho-social-spiritual healing: (I) how previous life experiences affected patients' present situations in dealing with their illnesses; (II) barriers to palliative care, and (III) benefits of palliative care...
June 3, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594653/a-nursing-practice-model-based-on-christ-the-agape-model
#16
Nancy Eckerd
Nine out of 10 American adults believe Jesus was a real person, and almost two-thirds have made a commitment to Jesus Christ. Research further supports that spiritual beliefs and religious practices influence overall health and well-being. Christian nurses need a practice model that helps them serve as kingdom nurses. This article introduces the Agape Model, based on the agape love and characteristics of Christ, upon which Christian nurses may align their practice to provide Christ-centered care.
June 7, 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593531/distinguishing-appraisal-and-personality-influences-on-quality-of-life-in-chronic-illness-introducing-the-quality-of-life-appraisal-profile-version-2
#17
Bruce D Rapkin, Iliana Garcia, Wesley Michael, Jie Zhang, Carolyn E Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Cognitive appraisal of quality of life (QOL) differs across individuals in ways that explain otherwise paradoxical findings, such as similar QOL ratings among individuals in highly divergent health states. Although warranted by a growing body of evidence, routine assessment of appraisal in QOL research has been impeded by measurement challenges. This study describes the QOL Appraisal Profile-version 2 (QOLAPv2), a new measure that addresses these challenges. METHODS: A heterogeneous, on-line cohort of chronic disease patients and caregivers completed the QOLAPv2, along with demographics, PROMIS10 and Brief NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI)...
June 7, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591391/evolving-story-trepanation-and-self-trepanation-to-enhance-brain-function
#18
Charles André
Trepanation has been performed by people interested in enhancing mental power and well-being since the early 1960s. The pioneers and main proponents of the procedure are described here. The phenomenon appeared in Europe after a Dutch former medical student published a psychoactive drug-friendly scroll suggesting trepanation as a form of permanently increasing cerebral blood volume and function. He trepanned himself in 1965. Three of his friends became enthusiasts. They also submitted themselves to the procedure and published films and books describing their experiences...
May 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589797/use-of-the-wellness-thermometer-to-improve-consultations-for-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#19
Michelle Croston, Jenny Petrak, Andrew Ustianowski
The care paradigm for patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has changed from managing an infectious condition with a suboptimal prognosis, to managing a long-term chronic disease. The wellness thermometer is a tool that was developed to assist with monitoring the biological, psychological, social and spiritual well-being of patients with HIV. Aim To evaluate the effectiveness of using the wellness thermometer in healthcare consultations with patients with HIV. Method This was a service evaluation that was undertaken in three UK HIV clinics in 2014...
June 7, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589782/the-effect-of-music-on-the-spirituality-of-patients-a-systematic-review
#20
Willyane de Andrade Alvarenga, Ana Carolina Andrade Biaggi Leite, Marina Sanches Oliveira, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento, Fernanda Machado Silva-Rodrigues, Michelle Darezzo Rodrigues Nunes, Emilia Campos de Carvalho
PURPOSE: Although some studies have suggested that music can positively affect physical and psychological variables, few have evaluated its effects on spirituality. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of musical interventions on the spirituality of patients, regardless of diagnoses. METHOD: This was a systematic literature review that followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations conducted through a relevant search of terms in six databases (PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ScienceDirect, and LILACS) without temporal delimitation...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
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