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spiritual well-being

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447176/the-structural-model-of-spirituality-and-psychological-well-being-for-pregnancy-specific-stress
#1
Mahrokh Dolatian, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Taibeh Dilgony, Jamal Shams, Farid Zaeri
Women experience different types of stress in their lifetime. The present study was conducted to examine the structural model of spirituality and psychological well-being for pregnancy-specific stress. The present descriptive correlational study was conducted on 450 pregnant Iranian women (150 women from each trimester) in Dehdasht city in 2015. Data were collected using the personal-social questionnaire, the pregnancy-specific stress questionnaire, the spirituality questionnaire and the psychological well-being questionnaire and were then analyzed in SPSS-16 and Lisrel-8...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444608/mechanisms-behind-religiosity-and-spirituality-s-effect-on-mental-health-quality-of-life-and-well-being
#2
Mario Fernando Prieto Peres, Helder H Kamei, Patricia R Tobo, Giancarlo Lucchetti
This cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the role of meaning, peace, faith and religiosity on mental health, quality of life (QOL) and well-being in 782 adults. We found associations between (a) meaning and peace with less depression and more QOL, (b) peace with less stress and (c) faith and religiousness with more psychological QOL. Meaning and peace were more strongly associated with health outcomes, and those with high levels of intrinsic religiosity but low levels of meaning/peace have worse outcomes than those with low religiousness and high meaning/peace...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428813/perinatal-depression-in-nigeria-perspectives-of-women-family-caregivers-and-health-care-providers
#3
Ademola Adeponle, Danielle Groleau, Lola Kola, Laurence J Kirmayer, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Perinatal maternal depression is common and undertreated in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Nigeria. While culture shapes the social determinants and expression of depressive symptoms, there is a dearth of research investigating these processes in African contexts. METHODS: To address this gap, we conducted in-depth interviews with 14 women with perinatal depression, 14 of their family caregivers and 11 health providers, using the McGill Illness Narrative Interview as part of a larger trial of a stepped-care intervention...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427350/evaluation-of-a-modified-version-of-the-posttraumatic-growth-inventory-short-form
#4
Navjot Kaur, Ben Porter, Cynthia A LeardMann, Laura E Tobin, Hector Lemus, David D Luxton
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic growth is the positive change resulting from traumatic experiences and is typically assessed with retrospective measures like the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI). The PTGI was designed to include reference to a specific traumatic event, making it difficult to implement, without change, in prospective survey studies. Thus, a modified Posttraumatic Growth Inventory-Short Form (PTGI-SF) was included in a large prospective study of current and former U.S. military personnel...
April 20, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425005/is-spiritual-well-being-among-adolescents-associated-with-a-lower-level-of-bullying-behaviour-the-mediating-effect-of-perceived-bullying-behaviour-of-peers
#5
Katarina Dutkova, Jana Holubcikova, Michaela Kravcova, Peter Babincak, Peter Tavel, Andrea Madarasova Geckova
The aim of this study was to explore the association between spiritual well-being and bullying among Slovak adolescents, and whether perceived bullying behaviour of peers mediated this relationship. Data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study conducted in 2014 in Slovakia were used. Data were obtained from 9250 adolescents with a mean age of 13.48 years. The final sample consisted of 762 adolescents aged 15 years old (52.2% boys). We used logistic regression models and the Sobel test. Adolescents who reported a higher level of spiritual well-being were at lower risk of reporting that some or more schoolmates bully others or that they themselves bully others...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425003/validation-of-the-persian-version-of-the-daily-spiritual-experiences-scale-dses-in-pregnant-women-a-proper-tool-to-assess-spirituality-related-to-mental-health
#6
Mohsen Saffari, Hossein Amini, Zarindokht Sheykh-Oliya, Amir H Pakpour, Harold G Koenig
Assessing spirituality in healthy pregnant women may lead to supportive interventions that will improve their care. A psychometrically valid measure such as the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale (DSES) may be helpful in this regard. The current study sought to adapt a Persian version of DSES for use in pregnancy. A total of 377 pregnant women were recruited from three general hospitals located in Tehran, Iran. Administered scales were the DSES, Duke University Religion Index, Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith scale, and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, as well as demographic measures...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420563/compassion-mindfulness-and-the-happiness-of-healthcare-workers
#7
Roberto P Benzo, Janae L Kirsch, Carlie Nelson
CONTEXT: Decreased well-being of healthcare workers expressed as stress and decreased job satisfaction influences patient safety, patient satisfaction, and cost containment. Self-compassion has garnered recent attention due to its positive association with well-being and happiness. Discovering novel pathways to increase the well-being of healthcare workers is essential. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to explore the influence of self-compassion on employee happiness in healthcare professionals...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409419/spiritual-well-being-and-spiritual-distress-in-cancer-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-utilizing-the-swbq-as-component-of-holistic-nursing-diagnosis
#8
Sílvia Caldeira, Fiona Timmins, Emília Campos de Carvalho, Margarida Vieira
Holistic nursing care requires attention to the spiritual dimension. This is particularly important when caring for patients with cancer. This research presents the results of the assessment of spiritual well-being using the Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire (SWBQ) to validate the nursing diagnosis of spiritual distress. Structured interviews were conducted with 169 patients in one hospital in Portugal. We concluded that the SWBQ is a useful and reliable instrument to assess spiritual distress, which highlights the importance of listening to patients and questioning them about spiritual needs as well as the importance of differential diagnosis aimed at effective interventions...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408363/wittyfit-live-your-work-differently-study-protocol-for-a-workplace-delivered-health-promotion
#9
Frédéric Dutheil, Martine Duclos, Geraldine Naughton, Samuel Dewavrin, Thomas Cornet, Pascal Huguet, Jean-Claude Chatard, Bruno Pereira
BACKGROUND: Morbidity before retirement has a huge cost, burdening both public health and workplace finances. Multiple factors increase morbidity such as stress at work, sedentary behavior or low physical activity, and poor nutrition practices. Nowadays, the digital world offers infinite opportunities to interact with workers. The WittyFit software was designed to understand holistic issues of workers by promoting individualized behavior changes at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: The shorter term feasibility objective is to demonstrate that effective use of WittyFit will increase well-being and improve health-related behaviors...
April 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399827/organization-level-principles-and-practices-to-support-spiritual-care-at-the-end-of-life-a-qualitative-study
#10
Paul Holyoke, Barry Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Though most models of palliative care specifically include spiritual care as an essential element, secular health care organizations struggle with supporting spiritual care for people who are dying and their families. Organizations often leave responsibility for such care with individual care providers, some of whom are comfortable with this role and well supported, others who are not. This study looked to hospice programs founded and operated on specific spiritual foundations to identify, if possible, organizational-level practices that support high-quality spiritual care that then might be applied in secular healthcare organizations...
April 11, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399768/spiritual-care-should-be-part-of-the-code
#11
Wilfred McSherry, Linda Ross
We welcome the new National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) quality standard, which calls for individualised care plans that address the 'cultural, religious or social preferences' of people in the last two to three days of life, as well as those of people important to them.
April 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392845/predictors-of-quality-of-life-among-ethnically-diverse-breast-cancer-survivors
#12
Ellen G Levine, Grace Yoo, Caryn Aviv
PURPOSE: Few studies have examined predictors of quality of life (QOL) of breast cancer survivors over time. METHODS: Breast cancer survivors (n=116) were asked to complete measures of QOL, mood, spirituality, and social support every 6 months from 2-4 years post treatment. RESULTS: Overall QOL at 4 years was predicted by previous physical and functional well-being, the breast cancer-specific items, and vigor and current levels of social support (Adj R(2)=...
March 2017: Applied Research in Quality of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391303/exploring-the-self-through-songwriting-an-analysis-of-songs-composed-by-people-with-acquired-neurodisability-in-an-inpatient-rehabilitation-program
#13
Felicity A Baker, Jeanette Tamplin, Raymond A R MacDonald, Jennie Ponsford, Chantal Roddy, Claire Lee, Nikki Rickard
Background: Neurological trauma is associated with significant damage to people's pre-injury self-concept. Therapeutic songwriting has been linked with changes in self-concept and improved psychological well-being. Objective: This study analyzed the lyrics of songs composed by inpatients with neurological injuries who participated in a targeted songwriting program. The aim of this study was to understand which of the subdomains of the self-concept were the most frequently expressed in songs...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390407/a-qualitative-study-to-explore-views-of-patients-carers-and-mental-health-professionals-to-inform-cultural-adaptation-of-cbt-for-psychosis-cbtp-in-china
#14
Weihui Li, Li Zhang, Xuerong Luo, Bangshan Liu, Zhipeng Liu, Fang Lin, Zhiling Liu, Yuhuan Xie, Melissa Hudson, Shanaya Rathod, David Kingdon, Nusrat Husain, Xudong Liu, Muhammad Ayub, Farooq Naeem
BACKGROUND: The evidence for effectiveness of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is robust and the national organizations in the United Kingdom and the United States recommend its use. It is not utilized to its full potential in low and middle-income countries. Adaptation of CBT treatment to the target culture may facilitate its uptake. This study explored views of patients with schizophrenia, their caregivers, and mental health professionals for the purpose of cultural adaptation of CBT...
April 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378133/-palliative-therapy-concepts-in-intensive-care-medicine
#15
M Schuster, M Ferner, M Bodenstein, R Laufenberg-Feldmann
Involvement of palliative care is so far not common practice for critically ill patients on surgical intensive care units (ICUs) in Germany. The objectives of palliative care concepts are improvement of patient quality of life by relief of disease-related symptoms using an interdisciplinary approach and support of patients and their relatives considering their current physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs. The need for palliative care can be identified via defined screening criteria. Integration of palliative care can either be realized using a consultative model which focusses on involvement of palliative care consultants or an integrative model which embeds palliative care principles into the routine daily practice by the ICU team...
April 4, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367385/defining-health-in-the-era-of-value-based-care-the-six-cs-of-health-and-healthcare
#16
REVIEW
Mark Warren
INTRODUCTION: While healthcare expenditure continues to increase overall health outcomes in the United States continue to be submarginal. The changes we make in our healthcare system need to be informed by a comprehensive and actionable definition of health that can unite patients, healthcare professionals, and policymakers. METHODS: A literature review across multiple disciplines was conducted to assess a broad range of factors associated with health and well-being and based on this literature review a novel definition of health was developed...
February 22, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367379/the-sensed-presence-questionnaire-senpq-initial-psychometric-validation-of-a-measure-of-the-sensed-presence-experience
#17
Joseph M Barnby, Vaughan Bell
BACKGROUND: The experience of 'sensed presence'-a feeling or sense that another entity, individual or being is present despite no clear sensory or perceptual evidence-is known to occur in the general population, appears more frequently in religious or spiritual contexts, and seems to be prominent in certain psychiatric or neurological conditions and may reflect specific functions of social cognition or body-image representation systems in the brain. Previous research has relied on ad-hoc measures of the experience and no specific psychometric scale to measure the experience exists to date...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361524/validation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-quality-of-life-cancer-survivors-qol-cs-k-questionnaire-in-lymphoma-survivors
#18
Juhee Cho, Danbee Kang, Im Ryung Kim, Won Seog Kim, Betty Ferrell, Seok Jin Kim
Purpose: The objective of this study was to validate the Korean version of the Quality of Life-Cancer Survivors (QOL-CS-K) in a sample of lymphoma survivors. Materials and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of lymphoma survivors who had survived for at least 24 months since diagnosis. Participants were recruited at the outpatient clinics and at a hospital event in a tertiary hospital in Seoul, Korea. Survivors were asked to complete the QOL-CS-K and the EORTC-QLQ C30 questionnaires...
March 30, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358243/professional-quality-of-life-and-changes-in-spirituality-among-vha-chaplains-a-mixed-methods-investigation
#19
Wesley H McCormick, Timothy D Carroll, Brett A Slagel, Kent D Drescher, Jason A Nieuwsma, Joseph M Currier
A mixed method design was implemented to examine the spirituality and emotional well-being of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) chaplains and how potential changes in spirituality and emotional well-being may affect their professional quality of life. Four distinct categories of changes emerged from the narrative statements of a nationally representative sample of 267 VHA chaplains: (1) positive changes (e.g., increased empathy), (2) negative changes (e.g., dysthymic mood, questioning religious beliefs), (3) combination of positive and negative changes, and (4) no change (e...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347381/live-music-intervention-for-cancer-inpatients-the-music-givers-format
#20
Alessandro Toccafondi, Andrea Bonacchi, Andrea Mambrini, Guido Miccinesi, Roberto Prosseda, Maurizio Cantore
OBJECTIVE: The present study intended to evaluate the impact of a standardized format-called the "Music Givers," based on a single session of music intervention followed by a buffet-on the psychological burden and well-being of hospitalized cancer patients. METHOD: The Distress Thermometer (DT), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and self-reported visual analogue scales (score range = 1-10) to assess pain, fatigue, and five areas of well-being (i...
March 28, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
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