keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Glycine receptor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440552/a-missense-mutation-a384p-associated-with-human-hyperekplexia-reveals-a-desensitization-site-of-glycine-receptors
#1
Chen-Hung Wang, Ciria C Hernandez, Junyi Wu, Ning Zhou, Hsin-Yu Hsu, Mei-Lin Shen, Yi-Ching Wang, Robert L Macdonald, Dong Chuan Wu
Hyperekplexia, an inherited neuronal disorder characterized by exaggerated startle responses with unexpected sensory stimuli, is caused by dysfunction of glycinergic inhibitory transmission. From analysis of newly identified human hyperekplexia mutations in the glycine receptor (GlyR) α1 subunit, we found that an alanine-to-proline missense mutation (A384P) resulted in substantially higher desensitization level and lower agonist sensitivity of homomeric α1 GlyRs when expressed in HEK cells. The incorporation of the β subunit fully reversed the reduction in agonist sensitivity and partially reversed the desensitization of α1 A384P The heteromeric α1 A384P β GlyRs showed enhanced desensitization but unchanged agonists-induced maximum responses, surface expression, main channel conductance, and voltage-dependence compared with that of the wild-type α1β (α1 WT β) GlyRs...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439248/transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-4-activation-induced-increase-in-glycine-activated-current-in-mouse-hippocampal-pyramidal-neurons
#2
Mengwen Qi, Chunfeng Wu, Zhouqing Wang, Li Zhou, Chen Men, Yimei Du, Songming Huang, Lei Chen, Ling Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Glycine plays an important role in regulating hippocampal inhibitory/ excitatory neurotransmission through activating glycine receptors (GlyRs) and acting as a co-agonist of N-methyl-d-aspartate-type glutamate receptors. Activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is reported to inhibit hippocampal A-type γ-aminobutyric acid receptor, a ligand-gated chloride ion channel. GlyRs are also ligand-gated chloride ion channels and this paper aimed to explore whether activation of TRPV4 could modulate GlyRs...
February 7, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432603/in-vitro-screening-for-seizure-liability-using-microelectrode-array-technology
#3
Jenifer A Bradley, Harry H Luithardt, Monica R Metea, Christopher J Strock
Drug induced seizure liabilities produce significant compound attrition during drug discovery. Currently available in vitro cytotoxicity assays cannot predict all toxicity mechanisms due to the failure of these assays to predict sublethal target specific electrophysiological liabilities. Identification of seizurogenic and other electrophysiological effects at early stages of the drug development process is important to ensure that safe candidate compounds can be developed while chemical design is taking place, long before these liabilities are discovered in costly preclinical in vivo studies...
February 8, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428604/experimental-neuropharmacology-of-gelsemium-sempervirens-recent-advances-and-debated-issues
#4
Paolo Bellavite, Clara Bonafini, Marta Marzotto
Gelsemium sempervirens L. (Gelsemium) is traditionally used for its anxiolytic-like properties and its action mechanism in laboratory models are under scrutiny. Evidence from rodent models was reported suggesting the existence of a high sensitivity of central nervous system to anxiolytic power of Gelsemium extracts and Homeopathic dilutions. In vitro investigation of extremely low doses of this plant extract showed a modulation of gene expression of human neurocytes. These studies were criticized in a few commentaries, generated a debate in literature and were followed by further experimental studies from various laboratories...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427106/the-neuropathology-of-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-3-machado-joseph-disease
#5
Arnulf H Koeppen
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA-3)/Machado-Joseph disease (MJD), the most common autosomal dominant ataxia, affects many regions of the brain and spinal cord. Similar to SCA-1, SCA-2, SCA-6, SCA-7, and SCA-17, the mutation consists of a pathogenic translated cytosine-adenine-guanine (CAG) trinucleotide repeat expansion. Almost invariably, the substantia nigra and the dentate nucleus of the cerebellum bear the brunt of the disease, and these lesions account for the Parkinsonian and ataxic phenotypes. Lesions of motor nuclei in the brain stem cause the complex disturbance of ocular motility and weakness of the tongue...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413527/the-role-of-serine-racemase-in-the-pathophysiology-of-brain-disorders
#6
Joseph T Coyle, Darrick T Balu
The N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is unique in requiring two agonists to bind simultaneously to open its cation channel: the neurotransmitter, glutamate, and the coagonists, glycine, or d-serine. The Snyder laboratory was the first to clone serine racemase (SR), the enzyme that synthesizes d-serine, and to localize it immunocytochemically. Our laboratory has focused on the role of d-serine in brain disorders. Silencing the expression of SR, a risk gene for schizophrenia (SCZ), in mice (SR-/-), results in a phenotype that closely resembles SCZ including: cortical atrophy, reduced dendritic spine density and complexity, downregulation of parvalbumin-positive cortical GABAergic neurons, and cognitive impairments...
2018: Advances in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412775/opposing-effects-of-2-deoxy-d-glucose-on-interictal-and-ictal-like-activity-when-k-currents-and-gabaa-receptors-are-blocked-in-rat-hippocampus-in-vitro
#7
Steen Nedergaard, Mogens Andreasen
The ketogenic diet (KD), a high-fat, carbohydrate-restricted diet, is used as an alternative treatment for drug-resistant epileptic patients. Evidence suggests that compromised glucose metabolism has a significant role in the anticonvulsant action of the KD, however, it is unclear what part of the glucose metabolism that is important. The present study investigates how selective alterations in glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation influence epileptiform activity induced by blocking K+ currents, GABAA and NMDA receptors in the hippocampal slice preparation...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407767/involvement-of-glycine-receptor-%C3%AE-1-subunits-in-cannabinoid-induced-analgesia
#8
Jieping Lu, Sijia Fan, Guichang Zou, Yiwen Hou, Tao Pan, Weiwei Guo, Lei Yao, Feng Du, Gregg E Homanics, Dan Liu, Li Zhang, Wei Xiong
Some cannabinoids have been shown to suppress chronic pain by targeting glycine receptors (GlyRs). Although cannabinoid potentiation of α3 GlyRs is thought to contribute to cannabinoid-induced analgesia, the role of cannabinoid potentiation of α1 GlyRs in cannabinoid suppression of chronic pain remains unclear. Here we report that dehydroxylcannabidiol (DH-CBD), a nonpsychoactive cannabinoid, significantly suppresses chronic inflammatory pain caused by noxious heat stimulation. This effect may involve spinal α1 GlyRs since the expression level of α1 subunits in the spinal cord is positively correlated with CFA-induced inflammatory pain and the GlyRs antagonist strychnine blocks the DH-CBD-induced analgesia...
February 1, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404498/activin-a-is-a-prominent-autocrine-regulator-of-hepatocyte-growth-arrest
#9
Srividyameena Haridoss, Mladen I Yovchev, Hannah Schweizer, Sabreen Megherhi, Maria Beecher, Joseph Locker, Michael Oertel
Activin A, a multifunctional cytokine, plays an important role in hepatocyte growth suppression and is involved in liver size control. The present study was aimed to determine the cell location of activin A in the normal rat liver microenvironment and the contribution of activin A signaling to the hepatocyte phenotype to obtain insight into molecular mechanisms. Immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization analyses identified hepatocytes as the major activin A-positive cell population in normal liver and identified mast cells as an additional activin A source...
November 2017: Hepatology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395912/clptm1-limits-forward-trafficking-of-gabaa-receptors-to-scale-inhibitory-synaptic-strength
#10
Yuan Ge, Yunhee Kang, Robert M Cassidy, Kyung-Mee Moon, Renate Lewis, Rachel O L Wong, Leonard J Foster, Ann Marie Craig
In contrast with numerous studies of glutamate receptor-associated proteins and their involvement in the modulation of excitatory synapses, much less is known about mechanisms controlling postsynaptic GABAA receptor (GABAAR) numbers. Using tandem affinity purification from tagged GABAAR γ2 subunit transgenic mice and proteomic analysis, we isolated several GABAAR-associated proteins, including Cleft lip and palate transmembrane protein 1 (Clptm1). Clptm1 interacted with all GABAAR subunits tested and promoted GABAAR trapping in the endoplasmic reticulum...
January 17, 2018: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389608/nutrigenomic-studies-on-hilsa-to-evaluate-flesh-quality-attributes-and-genes-associated-with-fatty-acid-metabolism-from-the-rivers-hooghly-and-padma
#11
Satabdi Ganguly, Arabinda Mahanty, Tandrima Mitra, Sasmita Mohanty, Basanta Kumar Das, Bimal Prasanna Mohanty
The Indian shad hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha), a commercially important food fish rich in oils, enjoys high consumer preference in the South Asian countries owing to its unique flavour and culinary properties. The present study was undertaken with the primary objective of determining the flesh quality attributes of hilsa in terms of nutritive value (gross chemical composition, amino acid, fatty acid and mineral composition), pH, water holding capacity (WHC) and expression of genes associated with fatty acid metabolism and flesh quality...
January 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381405/the-influences-of-cholecystectomy-on-the-circadian-rhythms-of-bile-acids-as-well-as-the-enterohepatic-transporters-and-enzymes-systems-in-mice
#12
Fan Zhang, Yingting Duan, Lili Xi, Mengmeng Wei, Axi Shi, Yan Zhou, Yuhui Wei, Xinan Wu
Bile acids (BAs), the most important endogenous and signaling molecules regulate the target transporters and enzymes at transcriptional level, participate in a wide variety of processes throughout the entire gastrointestinal tract to orchestrate homeostasis in vivo. BAs and their metabolism and transportation appear to follow the clear circadian rhythms, and they are recently proposed also as the potential chronobiological signals that can affect the molecular clock mechanism. Cholecystectomy are believed to affect the circadian rhythms of BAs and the relevant enterohepatic transporters and enzymes systems and their regulatory signaling pathways, for the reason that the circadian cycle of gallbladder filling and emptying play a pivotal role in controlling the flow of bile into the intestine and the enterohepatic circulation of BAs...
January 30, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370841/expression-of-functional-inhibitory-neurotransmitter-transporters-glyt1-gat-1-and-gat-3-by-astrocytes-of-inferior-colliculus-and-hippocampus
#13
Elsa Ghirardini, Simon L Wadle, Vanessa Augustin, Jasmin Becker, Sina Brill, Julia Hammerich, Gerald Seifert, Jonathan Stephan
Neuronal inhibition is mediated by glycine and/or GABA. Inferior colliculus (IC) neurons receive glycinergic and GABAergic inputs, whereas inhibition in hippocampus (HC) predominantly relies on GABA. Astrocytes heterogeneously express neurotransmitter transporters and are expected to adapt to the local requirements regarding neurotransmitter homeostasis. Here we analyzed the expression of inhibitory neurotransmitter transporters in IC and HC astrocytes using whole-cell patch-clamp and single-cell reverse transcription-PCR...
January 25, 2018: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356901/glycine-enhances-expression-of-adiponectin-and-il-10-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes-without-affecting-adipogenesis-and-lipolysis
#14
Jingqing Chen, Xiaoshi Ma, Ying Yang, Zhaolai Dai, Zhenlong Wu, Guoyao Wu
Glycine supplementation has been reported to enhance white-fat loss and improve sensitivity to insulin in animals with obesity or type 2 diabetes. However, the underlying mechanisms responsible for the beneficial effects of glycine remain largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that glycine regulates adipocyte differentiation, adipogenesis, and lipolysis, therefore, contributing to white-fat reduction. 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes were induced to differentiate into adipocytes in the presence of glycine (0, 0...
January 22, 2018: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356493/crosslinking-mass-spectrometry-cx-ms-studies-of-cholesterol-interactions-with-human-%C3%AE-1-glycine-receptor
#15
Nicholas A Ferraro, Michael Cascio
The glycine receptor (GlyR) belongs to a superfamily of pentameric ligand-gated ion channels (pLGICs) that mediate fast neurotransmission. GlyR typically modulates inhibitory transmission by antagonizing membrane depolarization through anion influx. Allosteric interactions between the receptor and its lipid surroundings affect receptor function, and cholesterol is essential for pLGIC activity. Cholesterol at compositions below ~33 mol percent has been shown to have negligible chemical activity, suggesting that specific interactions between membrane proteins and cholesterol become significant only at concentrations above this stoichiometric threshold...
January 22, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355732/the-quest-for-endothelial-atypical-cannabinoid-receptor-bkca-channels-act-as-cellular-sensors-for-cannabinoids-in-in-vitro-and-in-situ-endothelial-cells
#16
Alexander I Bondarenko, Olga Panasiuk, Konstantin Drachuk, Fabrizio Montecucco, Karim J Brandt, François Mach
Endothelium-dependent component of cannabinoid-induced vasodilation has been postulated to require G-protein-coupled non-CB1/CB2 endothelial cannabinoid (eCB) receptor. GPR18 was proposed as a candidate for eCBR. To address the hypothesis that the effects attributed to eCBR are mediated by G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-independent targets, we studied the electrical responses in endothelial cells, focusing on BKCa channels. In patches excised from endothelial-derived EA.hy926 cells, N-arachydonoyl glycine (NAGly) and abnormal cannabidiol (abn-cbd), prototypical agonists for eCB receptor, stimulate single BKCa activity in a concentration- and Ca2+-dependent manner...
January 17, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350907/excitatory-and-inhibitory-neuronal-circuits-in-the-spinal-cord-and-their-role-in-the-control-of-motor-neuron-function-and-degeneration
#17
Uri Nimrod Ramírez-Jarquín, Ricardo Tapia
The complex neuronal networks of the spinal cord coordinate a wide variety of motor functions, including walking, running and voluntary and involuntary movements. This is accomplished by different groups of neurons, called center pattern generators, which control left-right alternation and flexor-extensor patterns. These spinal circuits, located in the ventral horns, are formed by several neuronal types, and the specific function of most of them has been identified by means of studies in vivo and in the isolated spinal cord of mice harboring genetically induced ablation of specific neuronal populations...
January 19, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348620/a-vacuolar-sorting-receptor-independent-sorting-mechanism-for-storage-vacuoles-in-soybean-seeds
#18
Nobuyuki Maruyama, Yuki Matsuoka, Kazunori Yokoyama, Kyoko Takagi, Tetsuya Yamada, Hisakazu Hasegawa, Teruhiko Terakawa, Masao Ishimoto
The seed storage proteins of soybean (Glycine max) are composed mainly of glycinin (11S globulin) and β-conglycinin (7S globulin). The subunits of glycinin (A1aB1b, A1bB2, A2B1a, A3B4, and A5A4B3) are synthesized as a single polypeptide precursor. These precursors are assembled into trimers with a random combination of subunits in the endoplasmic reticulum, and are sorted to the protein storage vacuoles. Proteins destined for transport to protein storage vacuoles possess a vacuolar sorting determinant, and in this regard, the A1aB1b subunit contains a C-terminal peptide that is sufficient for its sorting to protein storage vacuoles...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329909/the-signaling-role-for-chloride-in-the-bidirectional-communication-between-neurons-and-astrocytes
#19
REVIEW
Corinne S Wilson, Alexander A Mongin
It is well known that the electrical signaling in neuronal networks is modulated by chloride (Cl-) fluxes via the inhibitory GABAA and glycine receptors. Here, we discuss the putative contribution of Cl- fluxes and intracellular Cl- to other forms of information transfer in the CNS, namely the bidirectional communication between neurons and astrocytes. The manuscript (i) summarizes the generic functions of Cl- in cellular physiology, (ii) recaps molecular identities and properties of Cl- transporters and channels in neurons and astrocytes, and (iii) analyzes emerging studies implicating Cl- in the modulation of neuroglial communication...
January 9, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323875/theranostics-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-based-on-conjugated-polymer-nanoparticles
#20
Guorui Jin, Rongyan He, Qian Liu, Yuqing Dong, Min Lin, Wenfang Li, Feng Xu
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) does not respond to many targeted drugs due to the lack of three receptors (i.e., estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2), which makes it difficult for TNBC detection and treatment. As compared to traditional breast cancer treatments such as surgery and chemotherapy, photodynamic therapy (PDT) has emerged as a promising approach for treating TNBC due to its precise controllability, high spatiotemporal accuracy and minimal invasive nature...
January 11, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
keyword
keyword
80172
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"