Read by QxMD icon Read

cognitive dysfunction in bipolar disorders + biological markers

Robin Ortiz, Henning Ulrich, Carlos A Zarate, Rodrigo Machado-Vieira
Uric acid and purines (such as adenosine) regulate mood, sleep, activity, appetite, cognition, memory, convulsive threshold, social interaction, drive, and impulsivity. A link between purinergic dysfunction and mood disorders was first proposed a century ago. Interestingly, a recent nationwide population-based study showed elevated risk of gout in subjects with bipolar disorder (BD), and a recent meta-analysis and systematic review of placebo-controlled trials of adjuvant purinergic modulators confirmed their benefits in bipolar mania...
March 3, 2015: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Antonio Lucio Teixeira, Izabela Guimarães Barbosa, Rodrigo Machado-Vieira, Lucas Bortolotto Rizzo, Andrea Wieck, Moisés E Bauer
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder is diagnosed on the basis of patient and/or family reports and behavioral observation. Traditionally regarded as an affective disorder involving behavioral changes, bipolar disorder has been reconceptualized as a multisystem disease associated with mood, cognitive, metabolic, autonomic and sleep/wake dysfunctions. Accordingly, recent studies have focused on the identification of biomarkers related to the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the development, clinical presentation and course of bipolar disorder...
March 2013: Expert Opinion on Medical Diagnostics
C T Sudhir Kumar, Sophia Frangou
In recent years there has been increased interest in cognitive function in bipolar disorder (BD) as a means of understanding and exploring biological mechanisms relating to predisposition, disease expression and outcome. Despite significant methodological differences between studies we can begin to discern meaningful patterns from existing data. The evidence reviewed suggests that: (a) premorbid cognitive dysfunction is not a dominant feature of BD; in contrast to other severe psychiatric conditions, enhanced cognitive function may be a risk marker for BD; (b) in BD patients with established syndromal disease, trait-related cognitive impairment is reliably seen in the speed of information processing, verbal Learning and memory and response inhibition; (c) cognitive function appears to remain stable post-disease onset in the majority of patients although the risk of dementia in old age is increased; (d) cognitive impairment is a key predictor of functional outcome in BD...
May 2010: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
Joel Jakobsson, Henrik Zetterberg, Kaj Blennow, Carl Johan Ekman, Anette G M Johansson, Mikael Landén
Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of mania/hypomania and depression. Progressive cognitive dysfunction such as impairments in executive function and verbal memory is common in euthymic bipolar patients. The cerebrospinal fluid has previously been used to study neurodegenerative processes in Alzheimer's disease, from which changes in three core biomarkers have emerged as indicative of degeneration: amyloid β, total tau, and hyperphosphorylated tau. Here, neurodegeneration in bipolar disorder was investigated by assessing the association between bipolar disorder and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers for neurodegenerative processes...
March 2013: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Zsuzsa Szombathyne Meszaros, Andras Perl, Stephen V Faraone
OBJECTIVE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presents with psychiatric symptoms in most patients that often remain undiagnosed and untreated. This study evaluates the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms in SLE on the basis of clinical trials that fulfilled diagnostic criteria specified by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). Current hypotheses explaining the pathogenesis of psychiatric symptoms of lupus are reviewed to gain new insights into the neuroimmune pathogenesis of other psychiatric disorders...
July 2012: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Izabela Guimarães Barbosa, Natalia Pessoa Rocha, Rodrigo Barreto Huguet, Rodrigo A Ferreira, João Vinícius Salgado, Livia A Carvalho, Carmine M Pariante, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Despite the old Kraepelinean concept that bipolar disorder (BD) does not evolve with cognitive decline, the presence of cognitive impairment, especially executive dysfunction has been recognized in BD patients. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and pro-inflammatory molecules are important contributors to the pathophysiology of BD, and imbalance in peripheral levels of these molecules may be implicated in the cognitive decline observed in BD patients. We aimed to investigate the executive performance of BD type I euthymic patients and its relation with the plasma levels of BDNF, TNF-α and its related soluble receptors (sTNFR1 and sTNFR2)...
March 2012: Journal of Affective Disorders
H Courvoisie, M J Labellarte, M A Riddle
The diagnosis of childhood psychosis raises a host of unresolved problems, despite the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) giving identical symptoms and definitions for children, adolescents, and adults. The fantasy lives of children, and issues of developing language and cognition (including retardation), all impair diagnostic accuracy, particularly when differentiating between childhood-onset schizophrenia (COS) (≤12 years), bipolar affective disorder, major depressive disorder, and even obsessive-compulsive disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: the catch-all classification, psychosis not otherwise specified (PNOS), is always available for conundra that prove unsolvable...
June 2001: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
Dan V Iosifescu, Constance M Moore, Thilo Deckersbach, Claire A Tilley, Michael J Ostacher, Gary S Sachs, Andrew A Nierenberg
BACKGROUND: Many subjects with bipolar disorder experience significant cognitive dysfunction, even when euthymic, but few studies assess biological correlates of or treatment strategies for cognitive dysfunction. METHOD: Nineteen subjects with bipolar disorder in remission, who reported subjective cognitive deficits, were treated with open-label galantamine-ER 8-24 mg/day for 4 months. Ten healthy volunteers matched for age and gender were also assessed. Mood and subjective cognitive questionnaires were administered monthly...
2009: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Tomas Palomo, Richard J Beninger, Richard M Kostrzewa, Trevor Archer
The contributions of impulsive and risk-taking behaviour in depressive and bipolar disorders, motivational and motor behaviours in anhedonic and substance addictive states, and the factors, particularly distress and trauma, underlying the development of neuropathology in affective status are described from clinical, epidemiological and laboratory perspectives. In order to distinguish one case factor for biopsychological substrates of health, an array of self-reported characteristics, e.g., positive or negative affect, stress or energy, optimism, etc...
October 2008: Neurotoxicity Research
Gavin P Reynolds, Zuhal Abdul-Monim, Joanna C Neill, Zhi-Jun Zhang
As quantitative neuroimaging continues to elucidate the gross neuropathology of schizophrenia, neurochemical and histological studies have contributed to defining this pathology in terms of neurotransmitter dysfunction. Increasingly, there is evidence implicating neurons containing the major inhibitory neurotransmitter of the brain--gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Benes was the first to demonstrate deficits in some morphological subtypes of interneurons in the frontal cortex in schizophrenia. We identified that this was specific to a subgroup of GABAergic interneurons containing parvalbumin (PV), which is found in the fast-firing cells providing inhibitory control of the cortico-fugal pyramidal cells...
2004: Neurotoxicity Research
Franklin R Schneier, Carlos Blanco, Smita X Antia, Michael R Liebowitz
Social anxiety disorder is well suited to the spectrum concept because it has trait-like qualities of early onset, chronicity, and no empirically derived threshold that demarcates normal from clinically significant trait social anxiety. Social anxiety disorder has been shown to respond to relatively specific pharmacologic and cognitive-behavioral therapies, which makes identification of other conditions that may lie on the social anxiety disorder spectrum important because of possible treatment implications...
December 2002: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
S Sobczak, W J Riedel, I Booij, M Aan Het Rot, N E P Deutz, A Honig
BACKGROUND: Serotonergic circuits have been proposed to mediate cognitive processes, particularly learning and memory. Cognitive impairment is often seen in bipolar disorders in relation to a possible lowered serotonergic turnover. METHODS: We investigated the effects of acute tryptophan depletion (ATD) on cognitive performance in healthy first-degree relatives of bipolar patients (FH) (N= 30) and matched controls (N= 15) in a placebo-controlled, double-blind cross-over design...
April 2002: Psychological Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"