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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146224/joint-trajectories-of-cognition-and-frailty-and-associated-burden-of-patient-reported-outcomes
#1
Zuyun Liu, Ling Han, Evelyne A Gahbauer, Heather G Allore, Thomas M Gill
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate joint trajectories of cognition and frailty and their association with the cumulative burden of patient-reported outcomes, including hospitalization, nursing home admission, and disability. DESIGN: Longitudinal study of 754 community-living persons aged 70 or older. PARTICIPANTS: 690 participants who had a baseline and at least one follow-up assessment of cognition and frailty between 1998 and 2009. MEASUREMENTS: Cognition was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135754/implementation-of-a-pediatric-behavioral-staffing-algorithm-in-an-acute-hospital-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#2
Tamara O'Connor
BACKGROUND: A progressive decline in acute psychiatric facility beds has led to a steadily increasing number of pediatric psychiatric patients hospitalized on acute care medical-surgical units. Clinical nurses in this environment feel ill-equipped to provide quality behavioral health care. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: This project aimed to improve continuity of care as well as staff and patient safety in pediatric acute and transitional care units. The specific objectives related to implementation of a resource allocation algorithm for staffing behavioral health admissions and consistent use of an interdisciplinary psychiatric huddle...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116377/-effectiveness-of-preventive-house-visits-for-elderly-people-systematic-assessment-of-current-literature
#3
REVIEW
Jörg-Christian Renz, Matthias Meinck
BACKGROUND: Preventive home visits (PHV) document health resources and risks in the domestic environment in order to derive preventive recommendations. An earlier review did not yield reliable proof of their efficacy for the elderly; however, PHV are used increasingly more as a municipal service in Germany. OBJECTIVE: This article evaluates the efficacy of PHV by means of evidence-based criteria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Independent of the reason, randomized controlled studies (RCT) and systematic reviews on PHV in the elderly (60+ years) that were published after 2004 were identified by means of searching pertinent literature databases...
November 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047153/structured-nurse-led-follow-up-for-patients-after-discharge-from-the-intensive-care-unit-prospective-quasi-experimental-study
#4
Rannveig J Jónasdóttir, Christina Jones, Gisli H Sigurdsson, Helga Jonsdottir
AIMS: To describe a structured three-month nurse-led follow-up of patients after discharge from intensive care and measure its effects on health status. BACKGROUND: Patients requiring intensive care stay frequently have lengthy and incomplete recovery suggesting need for additional support. The effects of intensive care nurse-led follow-up have not been sufficiently elucidated. DESIGN: A prospective, quasi-experimental study of patients who received structured nurse-led follow-up from intensive care nurses after discharge from intensive care until three months afterwards...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045409/psychometric-validation-of-the-italian-rehabilitation-complexity-scale-extended-version-13
#5
Francesca Roda, Maurizio Agosti, Andrea Merlo, Maurizio Maini, Francesco Lombardi, Claudio Tedeschi, Maria Grazia Benedetti, Nino Basaglia, Mara Contini, Domenico Nicolotti, Rodolfo Brianti
In Italy, at present, a well-known problem is inhomogeneous provision of rehabilitative services, as stressed by MoH, requiring appropriate criteria and parameters to plan rehabilitation actions. According to the Italian National Rehabilitation Plan, Comorbidity, Disability and Clinical Complexity should be assessed to define the patient's real needs. However, to date, clinical complexity is still difficult to measure with shared and validated tools. The study aims to psychometrically validate the Italian Rehabilitation Complexity Scale-Extended v13 (RCS-E v13), in order to meet the guidelines requirements...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993073/the-use-of-cannabis-in-response-to-the-opioid-crisis-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
Marianne Beare Vyas, Virginia T LeBaron, Aaron M Gilson
BACKGROUND: A staggering number of Americans are dying from overdoses attributed to prescription opioid medications (POMs). In response, states are creating policies related to POM harm reduction strategies, overdose prevention, and alternative therapies for pain management, such as cannabis (medical marijuana). However, little is known about how the use of cannabis for pain management may be associated with POM use. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to examine state medical cannabis (MC) use laws and policies and their potential association with POM use and related harms...
September 21, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986161/screening-of-the-frail-patient-in-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review
#7
Rasmus Jørgensen, Mikkel Brabrand
BACKGROUND: Several frailty rating scales have been developed to detect and screen for the level of frailty. It is uncertain what diagnostic value screening of frailty level have in the emergency department. AIM: To assess the accuracy of the screening tools used in the emergency department to detect frailty in patients≥65years by their ability to identify the risk of adverse outcomes. METHODS: An extensive medical literature search of Embase and PubMed was conducted, to identify studies using frailty screening scales in the emergency department...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980853/use-of-telehealth-in-the-management-of-non-critical-emergencies-in-rural-or-remote-emergency-departments-a-systematic-review
#8
Marie du Toit, Bunmi Malau-Aduli, Venkat Vangaveti, Sabe Sabesan, Robin A Ray
Background Telehealth has been used extensively in emergency departments to improve healthcare provision. However, its impact on the management of non-critical emergency presentations within rural and remote emergency department settings has not been adequately explored. The objective of this systematic review is to identify how telehealth has been used to assist in the management of non-critical presentations in rural and remote emergency departments and the outcomes. Methods Articles were identified through database searches of CINAHL, Cochrane, MEDLINE (OVID), Informit and SCOPUS, as well as the screening of relevant article reference and citation lists...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964298/implementation-of-a-perioperative-surgical-home-protocol-for-pediatric-patients-presenting-for-adenoidectomy
#9
Vidya T Raman, Dmitry Tumin, Joshua Uffman, Arlyne K Thung, Candice Burrier, Kris R Jatana, Charles Elmaraghy, Joseph D Tobias
INTRODUCTION: The perioperative surgical home (PSH) is a patient-centered model designed to improve health, streamline the delivery of health care, and reduce the cost of care. Following the national introduction of PSH in 2014 by the ASA, adult hospitals have reported success with this model, with studies validating the benefits of PSH including reducing length of stay, lowering costs, and improving patient satisfaction. METHODS: Eligible patients, ranging in age from 16-35 months of age, were identified by the pre-admission testing (PAT) registered nurses (RNs) and faculty anesthesiologists upon review of the patient history...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947440/improving-health-well-being-and-parenting-skills-in-parents-of-children-with-medical-complexity-a-scoping-review-protocol
#10
Sally Rebecca Bradshaw, Karen Shaw, Danai Bem, Carole Cummins
INTRODUCTION: Less than 1% of children have complex medical conditions but account for one-third of all child health spending. The impact of suboptimal management of this group of children can have a considerable effect on families as well as services. Some families appear to cope more easily than others do, but there are compelling reasons to suggest that effective interventions may improve family coping and ultimately outcomes. Hospitalisation of their child presents a unique set of pressures and challenges for parents, but also an opportunity to intervene...
September 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947434/discrepancies-in-drug-histories-at-admission-to-gastrointestinal-surgery-internal-medicine-and-geriatric-hospital-wards-in-central-norway-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Janne Kutschera Sund, Olav Sletvold, Trude Cecilie Mellingsæter, Randi Hukari, Torstein Hole, Per Einar Uggen, Petra Thiemann Vadset, Olav Spigset
OBJECTIVES: To compare discrepancies in drug histories among patients acutely admitted to different hospital wards, classify the discrepancies according to their potential clinical impact and identify appropriate selection criteria for patients that should be subject to a detailed drug history at admission. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Two gastrointestinal surgery wards and one geriatric ward at St Olav's University Hospital in Trondheim and two general internal medicine wards at Ålesund Hospital in Ålesund, Norway...
September 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933627/primary-care-for-mentally-ill-adults-in-acute-residential-treatment-facilities
#12
Linda Chafetz, Gerri Collins-Bride
Psychiatric bed capacity has decreased nationally with an impact on the number and the types of patients admitted to acute in-patient units. Acute residential programs provide alternatives to hospitals for patients with problems that do not meet criteria for admission. However, these settings may not have resources to respond to the medical co-morbidities associated with severe mental illness. To understand the medical needs of patients in these settings, this research examined data from a nurse-managed primary care outreach service...
October 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916295/utilization-of-hospice-services-in-a-population-of-patients-with-huntington-s-disease
#13
Margaret O Johnson, Samuel Frank, Matthew Mendlik, David Casarett
CONTEXT: Although the early and middle stages of Huntington's Disease (HD) and its complications have been well described, less is known about the course of late-stage illness. In particular, little is known about the population of patients who enroll in hospice. OBJECTIVES: Our goal is to describe the characteristics of patients with HD who enrolled in hospice. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of electronic medical record data from 12 not-for-profit hospices in the United States from 2008 to 2012...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895175/the-use-of-case-management-for-community-dwelling-older-people-the-effects-on-loneliness-symptoms-of-depression-and-life-satisfaction-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Elin Taube, Jimmie Kristensson, Patrik Midlöv, Ulf Jakobsson
AIM: To investigate the effects of a case management intervention for community-dwelling frail older people, with functional dependency and repeated contacts with the healthcare services, focusing on loneliness, depressive symptoms and life satisfaction. DESIGN: A two-armed, nonblinded, randomised control trial with repeated follow-ups, of N = 153 participants at baseline allocated to an intervention (n = 80) and control (n = 73) group. METHOD: Inclusion criteria were the following: ≥65 years of age, living in ordinary housing, in need of assistance in two or more self-reported activities of daily living, having at least two hospital admissions or at least four visits in outpatient care 12 months prior to enrolment...
September 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881476/supporting-patients-in-reducing-postoperative-constipation-fundamental-nursing-care-a-quasi-experimental-study
#15
Mette Trads, Søren Rasmussen Deutch, Preben Ulrich Pedersen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of constipation in the general population is 2-28%. Patients with constipation report symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, straining to defecate and general discomfort. Strategies for preventing constipation include laxatives, exercise and increased fluid and fibre intake, but life style adjustments, such as exercise, eating more fibres and drinking more fluids, were not considered a solution by older patients. Previous studies have shown that actively involving patients through individualised care and support increases patients' outcome...
September 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869145/the-early-diagnosis-and-management-of-mixed-delirium-in-a-patient-placed-on-ecmo-and-with-difficult-sedation-a-case-report
#16
María Acevedo-Nuevo, Maria Teresa González-Gil, Miguel Ángel Romera-Ortega, Ignacio Latorre-Marco, Maria Dolores Rodríguez-Huerta
Delirium represents a serious problem that impacts the physical and cognitive prognosis of patients admitted to intensive care units and requires prompt diagnosis and management. This article describes the case and progress of a patient placed on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation with difficult sedation criteria and an early diagnosis of mixed delirium. During the case report, we reflect on the pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies employed to cope with delirium paying special attention to the non-use of physical restraint measures in order to preserve vital support devices (endotracheal tube or Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation cannula)...
August 28, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840931/parent-child-relationships-implementation-of-a-screening-and-referral-program-for-adolescents-with-mood-disorders
#17
Bryson C Okeoma
Parent-child relational problems (PCRP) have been increasingly recognized as a risk factor in the development and/or progression of childhood mental illnesses. Despite many young individuals being at risk, health care providers do not specifically screen for PCRP in children diagnosed with mental illnesses. The objective of the current project was to implement a PCRP screening program in a metropolitan children's hospital and refer those with PCRP for treatment. Adolescents ages 10 to 17 presenting for admission in an inpatient pediatric psychiatric unit were screened with the PCRP semi-structured questionnaire and diagnostic criteria developed by the American Psychiatric Association's Relational Processes Workgroup...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839885/emergency-general-surgery-hot-clinics-reduce-admission-rates-and-duration-of-inpatient-stay
#18
Francesca Th'ng, Christos Skouras, Alice Paterson-Brown, Rajan Ravindran, Peter Lamb, Andrew de Beaux, Simon Paterson-Brown, Damian J Mole
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of a 'Hot Clinic' (HC) on emergency general surgery patient flow-through. DESIGN: Prospective service evaluation study. SETTING: HC is a four-bedded area coordinated by a specialist nurse. The HC consultant sees emergency patients referred from the emergency department, general practitioners or those in preceding 24 h considered suitable for interim discharge while awaiting investigations and HC reassessment...
January 2017: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805350/predicting-student-success-in-nurse-practitioner-programs
#19
Angela Richard-Eaglin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Criteria for admission to nurse practitioner (NP) and other professional programs provide a snapshot of students' potential for success in those programs. Critical examination of admission criteria is a vital component of ensuring timely matriculation and completion of NP programs. The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between admission criteria and student progression and completion of NP programs. METHODS: A retrospective review of 150 randomly selected student records from a total of 232 available records was conducted...
October 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763711/what-do-clinicians-understand-about-deaths-reportable-to-the-coroner
#20
Amanda Charles, Wendy Cross, Debra Griffiths
SETTING: The study setting is a tertiary referral hospital of over 980 beds, in Victoria, Australia. The hospital is a long established major academic public health service providing healthcare, health professional education and health research. The hospital has 103,756 in-patient admissions, 190,756 outpatient attendances and over 82,000 presentations to the Emergency Department annually. PARTICIPANTS: 22 clinicians completed an in-depth, audio-recorded interview: 12 medical and 10 nursing staff, with a variety of clinical experience...
October 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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