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Chest physical therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101565/use-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-to-preserve-the-thickness-of-abdominal-and-chest-muscles-of-critically-ill-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Ana M Dall' Acqua, Amanda Sachetti, Laura J Santos, Fernando A Lemos, Tanara Bianchi, Wagner S Naue, Alexandre S Dias, Graciele Sbruzzi, Silvia R R Vieira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation combined with conventional physical therapy on muscle thickness in critically ill patients. DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized controlled trial. PATIENTS: Twenty-five patients participated in the study. METHODS: Patients on mechanical ventilation for 24-48 h were randomized to an intervention group (neuromuscular electrical stimulation + conventional physical therapy) or a conventional group (sham neuromuscular electrical stimulation + conventional physical therapy)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047823/we-de-209-00-practical-implementation-of-deep-inspiration-breath-hold-techniques-for-breast-radiation-therapy
#2
Rebecca Howell
: Breast radiation therapy is associated with some risk of lung toxicity as well as cardiac toxicity for left-sided cases. Radiation doses to the lung and heart can be reduced by using the deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH) technique, in which the patient is simulated and treated during the deep inspiration phase of the breathing cycle. During DIBH, the heart is usually displaced posteriorly, inferiorly, and to the right, effectively expanding the distance between the heart and the breast/chest wall...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047632/we-de-209-03-spirometric-motion-management-system
#3
S Hadley
: Breast radiation therapy is associated with some risk of lung toxicity as well as cardiac toxicity for left-sided cases. Radiation doses to the lung and heart can be reduced by using the deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH) technique, in which the patient is simulated and treated during the deep inspiration phase of the breathing cycle. During DIBH, the heart is usually displaced posteriorly, inferiorly, and to the right, effectively expanding the distance between the heart and the breast/chest wall...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047520/we-fg-207a-05-dedicated-breast-ct-as-a-diagnostic-imaging-tool-physics-and-clinical-feasibility
#4
A Karellas
: Mammography-based screening has been a valuable imaging tool for the early detection of non-palpable lesions and has contributed to significant reduction in breast cancer associated mortality. However, the breast imaging community recognizes that mammography is not ideal, and in particular is inferior for women with dense breasts. Also, the 2-D projection of a 3-D organ results in tissue superposition contributing to false-positives. The sensitivity of mammography is breast-density dependent...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047169/we-de-209-01-dosimetric-benefits-of-dibh
#5
R Howell
: Breast radiation therapy is associated with some risk of lung toxicity as well as cardiac toxicity for left-sided cases. Radiation doses to the lung and heart can be reduced by using the deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH) technique, in which the patient is simulated and treated during the deep inspiration phase of the breathing cycle. During DIBH, the heart is usually displaced posteriorly, inferiorly, and to the right, effectively expanding the distance between the heart and the breast/chest wall...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047068/we-fg-207a-03-low-dose-cone-beam-breast-ct-physics-and-technology-development
#6
J Boone
: Mammography-based screening has been a valuable imaging tool for the early detection of non-palpable lesions and has contributed to significant reduction in breast cancer associated mortality. However, the breast imaging community recognizes that mammography is not ideal, and in particular is inferior for women with dense breasts. Also, the 2-D projection of a 3-D organ results in tissue superposition contributing to false-positives. The sensitivity of mammography is breast-density dependent...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046951/we-de-209-04-3d-surface-image-guided
#7
X Tang
: Breast radiation therapy is associated with some risk of lung toxicity as well as cardiac toxicity for left-sided cases. Radiation doses to the lung and heart can be reduced by using the deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH) technique, in which the patient is simulated and treated during the deep inspiration phase of the breathing cycle. During DIBH, the heart is usually displaced posteriorly, inferiorly, and to the right, effectively expanding the distance between the heart and the breast/chest wall...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046502/we-de-209-02-active-breathing-control
#8
D Comsa
: Breast radiation therapy is associated with some risk of lung toxicity as well as cardiac toxicity for left-sided cases. Radiation doses to the lung and heart can be reduced by using the deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH) technique, in which the patient is simulated and treated during the deep inspiration phase of the breathing cycle. During DIBH, the heart is usually displaced posteriorly, inferiorly, and to the right, effectively expanding the distance between the heart and the breast/chest wall...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046292/we-de-209-05-self-held-breath-control-with-respiratory-monitoring-and-feedback-guidance
#9
K Gifford
: Breast radiation therapy is associated with some risk of lung toxicity as well as cardiac toxicity for left-sided cases. Radiation doses to the lung and heart can be reduced by using the deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH) technique, in which the patient is simulated and treated during the deep inspiration phase of the breathing cycle. During DIBH, the heart is usually displaced posteriorly, inferiorly, and to the right, effectively expanding the distance between the heart and the breast/chest wall...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003826/pericardial-effusion-due-to-primary-malignant-pericardial-mesothelioma-a-common-finding-but-an-uncommon-cause
#10
Valery Istomin, David S Blondheim, Simcha R Meisel, Aaron Frimerman, Moshe Lapidot, Ronit Rachmilevitch
This case report describes a 37-year-old female who was admitted to our Emergency Department because of shortness of breath. On physical examination, she had dyspnea and tachycardia and blood pressure was 80/50 mmHg with a pulsus paradoxus of 22 mmHg. Neck veins were distended, heart sounds were distant, and dullness was found on both lung bases. Her chest X-ray revealed bilateral pleural effusion and cardiomegaly. On both computed tomography and echocardiography the heart was of normal size and a large pericardial effusion was noted...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003419/47-year-old-female-with-an-apical-mass
#11
Jack Andrews, Christopher Ce Lang, Marc Dweck
CLINICAL INTRODUCTION: A 47-year-old female with no medical history presented with a sudden collapse. Physical examination, chest X-ray and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I were normal, however ECG demonstrated anterior T-wave inversion. CT pulmonary angiography was performed which ruled out pulmonary embolism but revealed a non-calcified, homogenous mass at the left ventricular (LV) apex. It was not clear whether this mass was intramyocardial or pericardial. Transthoracic echocardiography confirmed the apical mass but was unable to establish its aetiology...
December 21, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994306/a-rare-case-of-hamartoma-chest-wall-following-trauma-in-a-42-year-old-man
#12
Mojtaba Ahmadinejad, Asghar Alie Pour, Peyman Khadem Hosseini, Amir Masoud Hashemian, Koorosh Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Chest wall mesenchymal hamartoma (CWH) is a distinct and extremely rare tumor-like lesion of the thorax. It usually presents in the neonatal period or in infancy. The common presentation is in the form of a visible chest wall mass with or without respiratory distress. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old man with a history of chest wall trauma since 5 years ago was admitted with a swelling of the anterior of the chest wall and during this period has grown slowly...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935345/using-health-psychology-techniques-to-manage-chronic-physical-symptoms
#13
Elizabeth Barley, Victoria Lawson
Chest pain and palpitations, non-malignant pain, breathlessness and fatigue often endure despite the receipt of appropriate nursing and medical care. This is distressing for patients, impacts on their quality of life and ability to function and is associated with high healthcare usage and costs. The cognitive behavioural approach offers nurses a model to understand how people's perceptions and beliefs and their emotional, behavioural and physiological reactions are linked. Common 'thinking errors' which can exacerbate symptom severity and impact are highlighted...
December 8, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925640/diagnosis-and-management-of-distal-clavicle-osteolysis
#14
Steven F DeFroda, Christopher Nacca, Gregory R Waryasz, Brett D Owens
Distal clavicle osteolysis is an uncommon condition that most commonly affects weight lifters and other athletes who perform repetitive overhead activity. Although this condition most commonly presents in young active men, it is becoming increasing more common in women with the rise in popularity of body building and extreme athletics. Distal clavicle osteolysis can be debilitating, especially in those with rigorous training regimens, preventing exercise because of pain with activities such as bench presses and chest flies...
December 7, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921113/-musculoskeletal-related-chest-pain
#15
C Sturm, T Witte
BACKGROUND: Approximately 10-50% of chest pains are caused by musculoskeletal disorders. The association is twice as frequent in primary care as in emergency admissions. AIM: This article provides an overview of the most important musculoskeletal causes of chest pain and on the diagnostics and therapy. METHODS: A selective search and analysis of the literature related to the topic of musculoskeletal causes of chest pain were carried out. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Non-inflammatory diseases, such as costochondritis and fibromyalgia are frequent causes of chest pain...
January 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914587/outcomes-of-chest-wall-resections-in-pediatric-sarcoma-patients
#16
Carmen Lopez, Arlene Correa, Ara Vaporciyan, Mary Austin, David Rice, Andrea Hayes-Jordan
PURPOSE: Chest wall tumors in pediatric patients are rare. This study evaluates outcomes in pediatric patients who have undergone chest wall resections secondary to sarcomas. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed for patients <19years old who underwent chest wall resections for sarcoma 1999-2014 at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. RESULTS: Of 44 patients, Ewing's sarcoma (n=18) and osteosarcoma (n=16) were most common...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899427/a-56-year-old-woman-with-breathlessness
#17
Alastair J Moss, Marc R Dweck, Peter D O'Kane
CLINICAL INTRODUCTION: A 56-year-old female with adult-onset asthma was admitted to the cardiology service with intermittent left-sided chest pain and progressive dyspnoea. Twelve months prior to this admission, she had received a course of prednisolone for bilateral anterior uveitis. Physical examination was unremarkable with blood sampling revealing a marked eosinophilia (eosinophil count 17.3×10(9)/L) and a perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody staining pattern on indirect immunofluorescence microscopy (myeloperoxidase antibodies 83 IU/mL)...
November 29, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894335/everolimus-and-exemestane-in-long-survival-hormone-receptor-positive-male-breast-cancer-case-report
#18
Z Ballatore, M Pistelli, N Battelli, A Pagliacci, M De Lisa, R Berardi, S Cascinu
BACKGROUND: Male breast cancer is a rare event, accounting for approximately 1% of all breast carcinomas. Although men with breast cancer had poorer survival when compared with women, data on prognosis principally derive from retrospective studies and from extrapolation of female breast cancer series. We reported the case of a very long survival patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A caucasian 42-year-old man underwent radical mastectomy with axillary dissection for breast cancer in 1993...
November 28, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876481/physical-effects-of-unilateral-mastectomy-on-spine-deformity
#19
Savaş Serel, Zeynep Yasavur Tuzlalı, Zehra Akkaya, Çağlar Uzun, Burak Kaya, Sancar Bayar
OBJECTIVE: Mastectomy is known to effect body posture after a change in the center of gravity of women due to a missing breast. Although previous studies on short-term postural changes in mastectomy patients using photogrammetry or Moiré topography suggested ipsilateral inclination of the trunk, our clinical observations during breast reconstruction surgeries indicated a contralateral shoulder elevation in women with unilateral mastectomy. Because the change in body posture can affect spinal alignment, we aimed to evaluate the long-term physical effects of unilateral mastectomy on spine deformity by radiographic examination...
October 26, 2016: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870565/concurrent-chemotherapy-and-radiation-therapy-for-inoperable-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#20
Kenneth E Rosenzweig, Jorge E Gomez
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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