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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345492/cigdem-kagitcibasi-1940-2017
#1
Zeynep Aycan, Zeynep Cemalcilar
Presents an obituary for Cigdem Kagitcibasi. Kagitcibasi is considered one of the founders of cross-cultural psychology. Her theoretical and applied research focused on human development in socio-cultural context, leading her to question the applicability of mainstream psychology to the majority (non-Western) world. Her emphasis on culture, social change, and the family as important aspects of the context of human development gave birth to Family Change Theory and the Theory of Autonomous-Related Self. Kagitcibasi was the first female president of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology, the vice president of the International Union of Psychological Science and the International Social Science Council...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344457/development-and-implementation-of-module-for-medical-graduates-to-improve-socio-cultural-sensitivity-towards-people-living-with-hiv
#2
Sushanta Kumar Mishra, Somanath Dash
Background: Health professionals are documented as an important cause for stigmatizing people living with HIV (PLHIV). Since traditional teaching on HIV in India does not address cultural competencies, medical graduates lack sociocultural sensitiveness while addressing the health needs of PLHIV. Aim: The aim of this study is to develop and to implement a module for medical graduates to improve their sociocultural sensitivity toward PLHIV. Methodology: A module was designed and introduced to address the core sensitive issues in HIV among medical graduates with the help of trained faculty...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340902/validation-study-of-the-abbreviated-version-of-the-lubben-social-network-scale-spanish-translation-among-mexican-and-mexican-american-older-adults
#3
Mireya Vilar-Compte, Arturo Vargas-Bustamante, James Lubben
PURPOSE: To perform a face validity study of the Spanish version of the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS-6) among Mexican and Mexican-American older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-national qualitative descriptive approach, based on cognitive survey testing and cross-cultural equivalence analysis, was followed to assess the face validity of the Spanish version of the LSNS-6. Data were collected through 2 focus groups in Los Angeles (LA) and 4 in Mexico City (CDMX)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337255/a-comparative-study-of-american-and-chinese-college-students-motives-for-food-choice
#4
Sharon M Pearcey, Ginny Q Zhan
Previous cross-cultural research has examined college students' food choice decisions in different countries. The current study aimed to add to the literature by examining similarities and differences in motives for food choice between American (N = 328) and Chinese (N = 333) college students. The Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) was used to measure the participants' motives for food choice. Students' perceptions on the importance of diet and on their body satisfaction were also obtained. Results show that, while there are many similarities between the two cultural groups on the FCQ items, there are also significant differences...
January 11, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325771/a-cross-cultural-study-of-acceptability-and-food-pairing-for-hot-sauces
#5
Hyun-Jee Kim, Seo-Jin Chung, Kwang-Ok Kim, Belinda Nielsen, Rie Ishii, Michael O'Mahony
This study was conducted to understand the acceptance levels of hot sauces among consumers from different culinary cultures. Two newly developed hot sauces [fermented red chili pepper with soybean-paste-based sauce(GS) and fermented red chili-pepper-based sauce(KS)] were compared with Tabasco sauce(TB) and Sriracha sauce(SR). Two separate cross-cultural home-use tests(HUTs) were conducted: pizza and cream soup were provided as food items in HUT 1, whereas grilled chicken wings and rice noodle soup were provided in HUT 2...
January 8, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325574/applied-global-health-diplomacy-profile-of-health-diplomats-accredited-to-the-united-states-and-foreign-governments
#6
Matthew D Brown, Julie N Bergmann, Thomas E Novotny, Tim K Mackey
BACKGROUND: Global health diplomacy (GHD) is a burgeoning field bridging the priorities of global health and foreign affairs. Given the increasing need to mobilize disparate global health stakeholders coupled with the need to design complex public health partnerships to tackle issues of international concern, effective and timely cooperation among state actors is critical. Health Attachés represent this coordination focal point and are key diplomatic professionals at the forefront of GHD...
January 11, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325569/the-relevance-of-clinical-ethnography-reflections-on-10%C3%A2-years-of-a-cultural-consultation-service
#7
Melissa Dominicé Dao, Sophie Inglin, Sarah Vilpert, Patricia Hudelson
BACKGROUND: Training health professionals in culturally sensitive medical interviewing has been widely promoted as a strategy for improving intercultural communication and for helping clinicians to consider patients' social and cultural contexts and improve patient outcomes. Clinical ethnography encourages clinicians to explore the patient's explanatory model of illness, recourse to traditional and alternative healing practices, healthcare expectations and social context, and to use this information to negotiate a mutually acceptable treatment plan...
January 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323507/the-chains-on-all-my-people-are-the-chains-on-me-restrictions-to-collective-autonomy-undermine-the-personal-autonomy-and-psychological-well-being-of-group-members
#8
Frank J Kachanoff, Donald M Taylor, Julie Caouette, Thomas H Khullar, Michael J A Wohl
Four studies assessed the potentially detrimental effects that restrictions to collective autonomy (i.e., a group's freedom to determine and practice its own identity) may have for the personal autonomy and psychological well-being of group members. In Study 1, using 3 distinct samples (NSample1a = 123, NSample1b = 129, NSample1c = 370), correlational and cross-cultural evidence indicates that perceived restrictions to the collective autonomy of one's group is directly associated with reduced personal autonomy, and indirectly associated with diminished well-being through personal autonomy...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321700/validation-and-reliability-study-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-stigma-scale-of-epilepsy
#9
Nevin Kuloğlu Pazarci, Nihan Parasiz Yükselen, Şenay Aydın, Zeynep Ünlüsoy Acar, Dilek Necioğlu Örken
Introduction: We aimed to validate the Turkish version of the Stigma Scale of Epilepsy (SSE) (from Brazil) and present the results. Method: The SSE was completed by 33 patients with epilepsy (PWE), 25 of the patients' family members, and 23 people from the community. Subjects were interviewed on an individual basis; a physician read the questions and the subjects wrote the answers on a sheet. The form was the same for all subjects. In addition, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Hamilton Anxiety Inventory (HAI), Short Form-36 (SF-36) were completed by the subjects...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319748/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-condom-self-efficacy-scale-application-to-brazilian-adolescents-and-young-adults
#10
Carla Suellen Pires de Sousa, Régia Christina Moura Barbosa Castro, Ana Karina Bezerra Pinheiro, Escolástica Rejane Ferreira Moura, Paulo César Almeida, Priscila de Souza Aquino
OBJECTIVE: translate and adapt the Condom Self-Efficacy Scale to Portuguese in the Brazilian context. The scale originated in the United States and measures self-efficacy in condom use. METHOD: methodological study in two phases: translation, cross-cultural adaptation and verification of psychometric properties. The translation and adaptation process involved four translators, one mediator of the synthesis and five health professionals. The content validity was verified using the Content Validation Index, based on 22 experts' judgments...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315707/community-psychology-and-community-mental-health-a-call-for-reengagement
#11
Greg Townley, Molly Brown, John Sylvestre
Community psychology is rooted in community mental health research and practice and has made important contributions to this field. Yet, in the decades since its inception, community psychology has reduced its focus on promoting mental health, well-being, and liberation of individuals with serious mental illnesses. This special issue endeavors to highlight current efforts in community mental health from our field and related disciplines and point to future directions for reengagement in this area. The issue includes 12 articles authored by diverse stakeholder groups...
January 8, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314612/current-literature-review-of-registered-nurses-competency-in-the-global-community
#12
Ying Liu, Yupin Aungsuroch
PURPOSE: In order to enhance international standards of nursing service, this article aims to analyze the English full-text peer-reviewed published articles from the past 10 years that describe contemporary registered nurses' (RNs') competency in the global community. DESIGN: An integrative review of literature was conducted between June 2016 and January 2017. METHODS: A systematic search was completed using four databases (Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) that covered the years between 2007 and 2017, and used the key words nurs* OR (staff nurs* ) OR (register nurs* ) AND competenc* AND international OR global...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313732/mobile-gaming-and-problematic-smartphone-use-a-comparative-study-between-belgium-and-finland
#13
Olatz Lopez-Fernandez, Niko Männikkö, Maria Kääriäinen, Mark D Griffiths, Daria J Kuss
Background and aims Gaming applications have become one of the main entertainment features on smartphones, and this could be potentially problematic in terms of dangerous, prohibited, and dependent use among a minority of individuals. A cross-national study was conducted in Belgium and Finland. The aim was to examine the relationship between gaming on smartphones and self-perceived problematic smartphone use via an online survey to ascertain potential predictors. Methods The Short Version of the Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire (PMPUQ-SV) was administered to a sample comprising 899 participants (30% male; age range: 18-67 years)...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311391/cultural-validation-of-the-transplanted-organ-questionnaire-toq-for-the-brazilian-population
#14
Renata Medeiros, Rita Mattiello, Emmanuelle Corruble, Edgar E Sarria, Cibele Molski, Ajacio Brandão
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: The Transplanted Organ Questionnaire (TOQ), developed in France, is a disease-targeted instrument designed to evaluate what the transplanted organ represents to the recipient in patients who have undergone liver transplantation. The present study sought to validate a version of the TOQ for use in the Brazilian population. Translation and cross-cultural adaptation were carried out in accordance with international standard practices. Convergent validity was measured by correlations between TOQ domains and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), while reliability was assessed by measurement of internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient), reproducibility (intraclass correlation coefficient), sensitivity to change (effect size), and floor and ceiling effects...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307032/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-a-patient-reported-hip-outcome-score
#15
Horia Haragus, Radu Prejbeanu, Dan V Poenaru, Bogdan Deleanu, Bogdan Timar, Dinu Vermesan
PURPOSE: We aimed to perform psychometric testing for the translated Oxford Hip Score (OHS) for use as a recommended tool to measure treatment outcomes. METHODS: The original English questionnaire was translated and culturally validated using the instrument developer's guidelines and the ISPOR principles of good practice. One hundred patients completed the form together with the Harris Hip Score (HHS) and EQ-5D-5 L. Fifty patients repeated the form after two days...
January 6, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306607/the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-frailty-in-urban-and-rural-populations-in-latin-america-china-and-india-a-10-66-population-based-survey
#16
Juan J Llibre Rodriguez, A Matthew Prina, Daisy Acosta, Mariella Guerra, Yueqin Huang, K S Jacob, Ivonne Z Jimenez-Velasquez, Aquiles Salas, Ana Luisa Sosa, Joseph D Williams, A T Jotheeswaran, Isaac Acosta, Zhaorui Liu, Martin J Prince
BACKGROUND: There have been few cross-national studies of the prevalence of the frailty phenotype conducted among low or middle income countries. We aimed to study the variation in prevalence and correlates of frailty in rural and urban sites in Latin America, India, and China. METHODS: Cross-sectional population-based catchment area surveys conducted in 8 urban and 4 rural catchment areas in 8 countries; Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, Peru, Mexico, China, and India...
January 3, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306245/turkish-version-of-the-motor-function-measure-scale-mfm-32-forneuromuscular-diseases-a-cross-cultural-adaptation-reliability-and-validity-study
#17
Habibe Serap İnal, Ela Tarakçı, Devrim Tarakçı, Gülcan Aksoy, Sezan Mergen Kılıç, Hakan Beşer, Çiğdem Beşer, Arzu Razak Özdinçler, Hacer Durmuş Tekçe, Fatma Yeşim Parman, Feza Deymeer, Zehra Piraye Oflazer
Background/aim: The Motor Function Measure (MFM-32) is a classification system for ambulant and nonambulant patients with neuromuscular diseases (NMDs). We aimed to translate it into Turkish, culturally adapt it, and test its reliability and validity for Turkish patients with NMDs.Materials and methods: The translation of the 32 items assessing three functional areas: standing position and transfers (D1: 13), axial/proximal (D2: 12), and distal (D3: 7) motor functions was performed according to the established guidelines for cross-cultural adaptation...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305222/a-novel-method-to-measure-the-external-auditory-canal-normative-data-and-practical-implications
#18
Jason Barnes, Roy T Sabo, Daniel H Coelho
PURPOSE: To accurately measure external auditory canal (EAC) dimensions by high resolution computed tomography (CT), and compare results with a traditional method of EAC measurement. METHODS: Using an advanced multidimensional open source digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) analysis program (OsiriX, Pixmeo, Geneva, Switzerland) 91 adult EACs were analyzed on a previously obtained temporal bone CT scan. Tympanometric data were also recorded for each ear...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304126/validation-of-a-newly-adapted-chinese-version-of-the-newest-vital-sign-instrument
#19
Jin Xue, Yongbing Liu, Kaixuan Sun, Linfeng Wu, Kai Liao, Yan Xia, Ping Hou, Huiping Xue, Hongcan Shi
OBJECTIVE: To develop a Chinese version of the Newest Vital Sign (NVS-CHN) instrument and evaluate its psychometric properties. METHODS: To deal with cross-cultural adaptation problems, after translation of the NVS into Chinese, the Delphi method was used for experts and cognitive testing was used for participants. A cross-sectional study including 351 participants was conducted to assess the validity of the NVS-CHN. Internal reliability, criterion validity, and known-groups validity were investigated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302036/acculturation-orientations-affect-the-evolution-of-a-multicultural-society
#20
E Yagmur Erten, Pieter van den Berg, Franz J Weissing
The migration of people between different cultures has affected cultural change throughout history. To understand this process, cross-cultural psychologists have used the 'acculturation' framework, classifying 'acculturation orientations' along two dimensions: the willingness to interact with culturally different individuals, and the inclination to retain the own cultural identity ('cultural conservatism'). Here, using a cultural evolution approach, we construct a dynamically explicit model of acculturation...
January 4, 2018: Nature Communications
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