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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936930/a-transcription-and-translation-protocol-for-sensitive-cross-cultural-team-research
#1
Lauren Clark, Ana Sanchez Birkhead, Cecilia Fernandez, Marlene J Egger
Assurance of transcript accuracy and quality in interview-based qualitative research is foundational for data accuracy and study validity. Based on our experience in a cross-cultural ethnographic study of women's pelvic organ prolapse, we provide practical guidance to set up step-by-step interview transcription and translation protocols for team-based research on sensitive topics. Beginning with team decisions about level of detail in transcription, completeness, and accuracy, we operationalize the process of securing vendors to deliver the required quality of transcription and translation...
October 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932280/assessment-of-cross-cultural-adaptations-of-patient-reported-shoulder-outcome-measures-in-spanish-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Sara Gómez-Valero, Fernando García-Pérez, Mariano Tomás Flórez-García, Juan Carlos Miangolarra-Page
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to conduct a systematic review of self-administered shoulder-disability functional assessment questionnaires adapted to Spanish, analyzing the quality of the transcultural adaptation and the clinimetric properties of the new version. METHODS: A search of the main biomedical databases was conducted to locate Spanish shoulder function assessment scales. The authors reviewed the papers and considered whether the process of adaptation of the questionnaire had followed international recommendations, and whether its psychometric properties had been appropriately assessed...
October 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932157/how-to-develop-and-validate-a-questionnaire-for-orthodontic-research
#3
REVIEW
Elbe Peter, R M Baiju, N O Varghese, Remadevi Sivaraman, David L Streiner
The use of psychometric tools to assess various psychological aspects of malocclusion and treatment is increasing in orthodontics. Mere evaluation of an orthodontic patient with normative criteria is not enough; instead, the psychological status should be assessed using a questionnaire. Many generic and few condition-specific tools are available for assessing quality of life (QoL) in orthodontics. The steps involved in the development of such tools are complex and unknown to many. This article outlines the methodology involved in the development and validation of a psychometric tool for dental and orthodontic use...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928699/cross-cultural-comparison-of-self-construal-and-well-being-between-japan-and-south-korea-the-role-of-self-focused-and-other-focused-relational-selves
#4
Joonha Park, Vinai Norasakkunkit, Yoshi Kashima
Relational self, along with individual and collective selves, is a fundamental aspect that makes up self-concept. Proposing its two aspects: self-focused relational self (i.e., perceiving the self as the object of other people's referential awareness or intentionality) and other-focused relational self (i.e., perceiving the self as being attuned and empathetically connected to close others), the current study explored the way the four selves affect well-being in Japan and South Korea, the East Asian cultures that have been assumed to be homogeneously collectivistic in previous psychological literature...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928348/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-jefferson-scale-of-empathy-health-professions-students-version-an-experience-with-developing-the-tamil-translation
#5
Kathiresan Jeyashree, Soundappan Kathirvel, Muthu K Prathibha
BACKGROUND: Empathy is a key cognitive attribute among healthcare professionals that fosters better patient- healthcare provider relationships. The Jefferson scale of empathy (JSE) measures self-rated empathy among various groups of healthcare professionals-health professionals, medical students and health professions students (HPS). The authors present the experience in translating the JSE-HPS version into an Indian regional language with insights into the issues faced in every step...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923394/a-contemporary-phone-based-cardiac-coaching-program-evolution-and-cross-cultural-utility
#6
Peita Price, Mark Tacey, Voula Koufariotis, Daniela Stramandinoli, Ruth Vincent, Leeanne Grigg, Dominica Zentner
BACKGROUND: The Hospital Admission Risk Program (HARP) Cardiac Coach Program at Royal Melbourne Hospital has evolved to include a Greek and Italian service, developed in response to the diverse local community and supported by evidence that Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) groups both perceive health and respond to health care services and information, differently. This paper aims to evaluate if a phone-based cardiac coaching program can be adapted to the Greek and Italian populations using the English cohort as a comparator...
August 14, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922561/reconciling-female-genital-circumcision-with-universal-human-rights
#7
John-Stewart Gordon
One of the most challenging issues in cross-cultural bioethics concerns the long-standing socio-cultural practice of female genital circumcision (FGC), which is prevalent in many African countries and the Middle East as well as in some Asian and Western countries. It is commonly assumed that FGC, in all its versions, constitutes a gross violation of the universal human rights of health, physical integrity, and individual autonomy and hence should be abolished. This article, however, suggests a mediating approach according to which one form of FGC, the removal of the clitoris foreskin, can be made compatible with the high demands of universal human rights...
September 18, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922279/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-farsi-version-of-nih-task-force-s-recommended-multidimensional-minimal-dataset-for-research-on-chronic-low-back-pain
#8
Pardis Noormohammadpour, Bahareh Tavana, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mehdi Zeinalizadeh, Babak Mirzashahi, Mohsen Rostami, Ramin Kordi
STUDY DESIGN: Translation and cultural adaptation of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Task Force's minimal dataset. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate validity and reliability of the Farsi version of NIH Task Force's recommended multidimensional minimal dataset for research on chronic low back pain (CLBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Considering the high cost of CLBP and its increasing prevalence, NIH Pain Consortium developed research standards (including recommendations for definitions, a minimum dataset, and outcomes' report) for studies regarding CLBP...
September 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918676/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-tinnitus-functional-index
#9
Anna Chi Shan Kam, Eric Kwok Shun Leung, Patrick Yiu Bong Chan, Michael Chi Fai Tong
OBJECTIVES: To establish the reliability, validity and responsiveness of the Chinese version of the Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI-CH) in measuring tinnitus severity in Hong Kong Chinese population. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional psychometric validation study. STUDY SAMPLE: Subjects were 124 adult Chinese who attended the audiology clinics in a hospital setting for tinnitus treatment. RESULTS: The TFI-CH showed good internal consistency reliability (α = 0...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917974/cross-cultural-analysis-of-medicinal-plants-commonly-used-in-ethnoveterinary-practices-at-south-waziristan-agency-and-bajaur-agency-federally-administrated-tribal-areas-fata-pakistan
#10
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Adnan, Amir Hasan Khan, Muhammad Sufyan, Shahid Niaz Khan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In remote areas, medicinal plants have an imperative role in curing various livestock's ailments. In Pakistan, people residing in remote areas including South Waziristan Agency and Bajaur Agency depend on traditional herbal remedies for treating their domestic animals. Medicinal plants are an important part of the medical system in these Agencies. The prime goal of the current study is to explore the ethnoveterinary practices in the two regions and discuss cross-cultural consensus on the use of medicinal plants...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917134/the-development-of-the-dutch-version-of-the-fremantle-back-awareness-questionnaire
#11
Lotte Janssens, Nina Goossens, Benedict M Wand, Madelon Pijnenburg, Tinne Thys, Simon Brumagne
BACKGROUND: Disturbed body perception may play a role in the aetiology of chronic low back pain (LBP). The Fremantle Back Awareness Questionnaire (FreBAQ) is currently the only self-report questionnaire to assess back-specific body perception in individuals with LBP. OBJECTIVES: To perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the FreBAQ into Dutch. DESIGN: Psychometric study. METHODS: A Dutch version of the FreBAQ was generated through forward-backward translation, and was completed by 73 patients with LBP and 73 controls to assess discriminant validity...
September 7, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915993/marching-to-a-different-drummer-a-cross-cultural-comparison-of-young-adolescents-who-challenge-gender-norms
#12
Chunyan Yu, Xiayun Zuo, Robert W Blum, Deborah L Tolman, Anna Kågesten, Kristin Mmari, Sara De Meyer, Kristien Michielsen, Sharmistha Basu, Rajib Acharya, Qiguo Lian, Chaohua Lou
PURPOSE: Little is known about how gender norms regulate adolescents' lives across different cultural settings. This study aims to illustrate what is considered as violating gender norms for boys and girls in four urban poor sites as well as the consequences that follow the challenging of gender norms. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Global Early Adolescent Study, a 15-country collaboration to explore gender norms and health in early adolescence. The current study analyzed narrative and in-depth interviews conducted in urban poor sites in two middle-income (Shanghai, China; and New Delhi, India) and two high-income countries (Baltimore, U...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915991/adolescent-and-parental-reactions-to-puberty-in-nigeria-and-kenya-a-cross-cultural-and-intergenerational-comparison
#13
Bamidele M Bello, Adesegun O Fatusi, Oluwatomi E Adepoju, Beatrice W Maina, Caroline W Kabiru, Marni Sommer, Kristin Mmari
PURPOSE: This qualitative study assesses the cross-cultural and intergenerational reactions of young adolescents and parents to puberty in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, and Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Sixty-six boys and girls (aged 11-13 years) and their parents participated in narrative interviews conducted in English or local languages in two urban poor settings in Ile-Ife and Nairobi. All interviews were recorded, transcribed, translated, and uploaded into Atlas.ti software for coding and analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915891/inflammatory-bowel-disease-specific-health-related-quality-of-life-instruments-a-systematic-review-of-measurement-properties
#14
REVIEW
Xin-Lin Chen, Liang-Huan Zhong, Yi Wen, Tian-Wen Liu, Xiao-Ying Li, Zheng-Kun Hou, Yue Hu, Chuan-Wei Mo, Feng-Bin Liu
BACKGROUND: This review aims to critically appraise and compare the measurement properties of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-specific health-related quality of life instruments. METHODS: Medline, EMBASE and ISI Web of Knowledge were searched from their inception to May 2016. IBD-specific instruments for patients with Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis or IBD were enrolled. The basic characteristics and domains of the instruments were collected. The methodological quality of measurement properties and measurement properties of the instruments were assessed...
September 15, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915361/cultural-change-the-how-and-the-why
#15
Michael E W Varnum, Igor Grossmann
More than half a century of cross-cultural research has demonstrated group-level differences in psychological and behavioral phenomena, from values to attention to neural responses. However, cultures are not static, with several specific changes documented for cultural products, practices, and values. How and why do societies change? Here we juxtapose theory and insights from cultural evolution and social ecology. Evolutionary approaches enable an understanding of the how of cultural change, suggesting transmission mechanisms by which the contents of culture may change...
September 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914155/psychological-foundations-of-xenophilia-understanding-and-measuring-the-motivational-functions-of-exploratory-cross-cultural-contact
#16
Stefan Stürmer, Alison E F Benbow
Two multipart studies (total N = 1,638) were conducted to introduce and test a functional perspective on exploratory cross-cultural contact. Studies 1a and 1b addressed the lack of standardized measures and developed a psychometrically valid inventory of six individual motivational functions: knowledge and understanding, value expression, professional advancement, social development, personal-, and group-image concerns. Studies 2a and 2b produced experimental evidence that different environments offer differing "fulfillment opportunities" such that the motivating potential of a distinct contact function results from a function by environment fit...
August 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914142/theorizing-and-measuring-religiosity-across-cultures
#17
Adam B Cohen, Gina L Mazza, Kathryn A Johnson, Craig K Enders, Carolyn M Warner, Michael H Pasek, Jonathan E Cook
For almost 50 years, psychologists have been theorizing about and measuring religiosity essentially the way Gordon Allport did, when he distinguished between intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity. However, there is a historical debate regarding what this scale actually measures, which items should be included, and how many factors or subscales exist. To provide more definitive answers, we estimated a series of confirmatory factor analysis models comparing four competing theories for how to score Gorsuch and McPherson's commonly used measure of intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity...
August 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912740/the-dark-triad-traits-from-a-life-history-perspective-in-six-countries
#18
Peter K Jonason, Joshua D Foster, Marina S Egorova, Oksana Parshikova, Árpád Csathó, Atsushi Oshio, Valdiney V Gouveia
Work on the Dark Triad traits has benefited from the use of a life history framework but it has been limited to primarily Western samples and indirect assessments of life history strategies. Here, we examine how the Dark Triad traits (i.e., psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and narcissism) relate to two measures of individual differences in life history strategies. In Study 1 (N = 937), we replicated prior observed links between life history strategies, as measured by the Mini-K, and the Dark Triad traits using samples recruited from three countries...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912301/early-onset-drug-induced-parkinsonism-after-exposure-to-offenders-implies-nigrostriatal-dopaminergic-dysfunction
#19
Seok Jong Chung, Han Soo Yoo, Hyojeong Moon, Jungsu S Oh, Jae Seung Kim, Yong Hee Park, Jin Yong Hong, Byoung Seok Ye, Young H Sohn, Phil Hyu Lee
OBJECTIVES: The onset of parkinsonism in patients with drug-induced parkinsonism (DIP) exhibits extensive individual variability following exposure to offending drugs. We investigated whether the individual variations in the onset time of parkinsonism reflected the underlying subtle dopaminergic dysfunction in DIP. METHODS: We enrolled 71 patients with DIP who had visually normal striatal dopamine transporter (DAT) availability in (18)F-FP-CIT positron emission tomography scans...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906068/human-mating-strategies-from-past-causes-to-present-consequences
#20
REVIEW
Daniele Marzoli, Jan Havlíček, S Craig Roberts
In both humans and nonhuman animals, mating strategies represent a set of evolutionary adaptations aimed at promoting individual fitness by means of reproduction with the best possible partners. Given this critical role, mating strategies influence numerous aspects of human life. In particular, between-sex divergence in the intensity of intrasexual competition could account for robust cross-cultural sex differences in psychology and behavior (e.g., personality, psychiatric disorders, social behavior, violence)...
September 14, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
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