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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104924/the-adaptive-nature-of-culture-a-cross-cultural-analysis-of-the-returns-of-local-environmental-knowledge-in-three-indigenous-societies
#1
Victoria Reyes-García, Maximilien Guèze, Isabel Díaz-Reviriego, Romain Duda, Álvaro Fernández-Llamazares, Sandrine Gallois, Lucentezza Napitupulu, Martí Orta-Martínez, Aili Pyhälä
Researchers have argued that the behavioral adaptations that explain the success of our species are partially cultural, i.e., cumulative and socially transmitted. Thus, understanding the adaptive nature of culture is crucial to understand human evolution. We use a cross-cultural framework and empirical data purposely collected to test whether culturally transmitted and individually appropriated knowledge provides individual returns in terms of hunting yields and health and, by extension, to nutritional status, a proxy for individual adaptive success...
December 2016: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099561/macarthur-competence-assessment-tool-for-treatment-in-alzheimer-disease-cross-cultural-adaptation
#2
Raquel Luiza Santos, Maria Fernanda Barroso de Sousa, José Pedro Simões, Elodie Bertrand, Daniel C Mograbi, Jesus Landeira-Fernandez, Jerson Laks, Marcia Cristina Nascimento Dourado
Objective: We adapted the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Treatment (MacCAT-T) to Brazilian Portuguese, pilot testing it on mild and moderate patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: The cross-cultural process required six steps. Sixty-six patients with AD were assessed for competence to consent to treatment, global cognition, working memory, awareness of disease, functionality, depressive symptoms and dementia severity. Results: The items had semantic, idiomatic, conceptual and experiential equivalence...
January 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095205/imperial-queerness-the-u-s-homophile-press-and-constructions-of-sexualities-in-asia-and-the-pacific-1953-1964
#3
Carly Simpson
This essay examines the ways in which U.S. homophile magazines represented and constructed Asia and the Pacific from 1953 to 1964. Through an analysis of 209 items that referenced Asia and the Pacific in ONE, Mattachine Review, and the Ladder, the essay argues that U.S. homophiles referenced the region in three primary ways: first, to create relationships, allies, and exchanges with people living in the region; second, to highlight the inferiority of the East and superiority of the West; and third, to reveal the cross-cultural and transhistorical nature of homosexuality...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095007/personality-and-behavior-prediction-and-consistency-across-cultures-a-multimethod-study-of-blacks-and-whites-in-south-africa
#4
Velichko H Fetvadjiev, Deon Meiring, Fons J R van de Vijver, J Alewyn Nel, Lusanda Sekaja, Sumaya Laher
The cross-cultural universality of behavior's consistency and predictability from personality, assumed in trait models though challenged in cultural psychological models, has usually been operationalized in terms of beliefs and perceptions, and assessed using single-instance self-reports. In a multimethod study of actual behavior across a range of situations, we examined predictability and consistency in participants from the more collectivistic Black ethnic group and the more individualistic White group in South Africa...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093024/reliability-and-validity-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-rapid-estimate-of-adult-literacy-in-dentistry-treald-30
#5
Kadriye Peker, Taha Emre Köse, Beliz Güray, Ömer Uysal, Tamer Lütfi Erdem
OBJECTIVE: To culturally adapt the Turkish version of Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (TREALD-30) for Turkish-speaking adult dental patients and to evaluate its psychometric properties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After translation and cross-cultural adaptation, TREALD-30 was tested in a sample of 127 adult patients who attended a dental school clinic in Istanbul. Data were collected through clinical examinations and self-completed questionnaires, including TREALD-30, the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP), the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM), two health literacy screening questions, and socio-behavioral characteristics...
January 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090336/medical-feminism-working-mothers-and-the-limits-of-home-finding-a-balance-between-self-care-and-other-care-in-cross-cultural-debates-about-health-and-lifestyle-1952-1956
#6
Frederick Cooper
Post-war medical debates about the psychiatric consequences of married women's economic behaviour witnessed far more divergence and collision between perspectives than has often been acknowledged. Practitioners who approached women primarily as facilitators of family health-as wives and mothers-were mistrustful of the competing demands presented by paid employment. They were faced by a growing spectrum of opinion, however, which represented women as atrophying in the confines of domestic life, and which positioned work as a therapeutic act...
July 12, 2016: Palgrave Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088227/simplified-chinese-version-of-the-forgotten-joint-score-fjs-for-patients-who-underwent-joint-arthroplasty-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation
#7
Shiqi Cao, Ning Liu, Wuxiang Han, Yunpeng Zi, Fan Peng, Lexiang Li, Qiwei Fu, Yi Chen, Weijie Zheng, Qirong Qian
BACKGROUND: The Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) is a newly developed health-related quality of life (HRQoL) questionnaire designed to evaluate the awareness after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study cross-culturally adapted and psychometrically validated a simplified Chinese version of the FJS (SC-FJS). METHODS: Cross-cultural adaptation was performed according to the internationally recognized guidelines. One-hundred and fifty participants who underwent primary TKA were recruited in this study...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086967/translation-cross-cultural-adaption-and-measurement-properties-of-the-evidence-based-practice-profile
#8
Kristine Berg Titlestad, Anne Kristin Snibsoer, Hilde Stromme, Monica Wammen Nortvedt, Birgitte Graverholt, Birgitte Espehaug
BACKGROUND: The evidence-based practice profile (EBP(2)) questionnaire assesses students' self-reported knowledge, behaviour and attitudes related to evidence-based practice. The aim of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt EBP(2) into Norwegian and to evaluate the reliability, validity and responsiveness of the Norwegian version. METHODS: EBP(2) was translated and cross-culturally adapted using recommended methodology. Face validity and feasibility were evaluated in a pilot on bachelor students and health and social workers (n = 18)...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080105/cross-cultural-feigning-assessment-a-systematic-review-of-feigning-instruments-used-with-linguistically-ethnically-and-culturally-diverse-samples
#9
Alicia Nijdam-Jones, Barry Rosenfeld
The cross-cultural validity of feigning instruments and cut-scores is a critical concern for forensic mental health clinicians. This systematic review evaluated feigning classification accuracy and effect sizes across instruments and languages by summarizing 45 published peer-reviewed articles and unpublished doctoral dissertations conducted in Europe, Asia, and North America using linguistically, ethnically, and culturally diverse samples. The most common psychiatric symptom measures used with linguistically, ethnically, and culturally diverse samples included the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology, the Miller Forensic Assessment of Symptoms Test, and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079863/the-modified-patient-enablement-instrument-a-portuguese-cross-cultural-adaptation-validity-and-reliability-study
#10
Mafalda Remelhe, Pedro M Teixeira, Irene Lopes, Luís Silva, Jaime Correia de Sousa
Enabling patients with asthma to obtain the knowledge, confidence and skills they need in order to assume a major role in the management of their disease is cost effective. It should be an integral part of any plan for long-term control of asthma. The modified Patient Enablement Instrument (mPEI) is an easily administered questionnaire that was adapted in the United Kingdom to measure patient enablement in asthma, but its applicability in Portugal is not known. Validity and reliability of questionnaires should be tested before use in settings different from those of the original version...
January 12, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078097/rasch-analysis-of-stamps-s-index-of-work-satisfaction-in-nursing-population
#11
Nora Ahmad, Nelson Ositadimma Oranye, Alyona Danilov
AIM: One of the most commonly used tools for measuring job satisfaction in nursing is the Stamps Index of Work Satisfaction. Several studies have reported on the reliability of the Stamps' tool based on traditional statistical model. The aim of this study was to apply the Rasch model to examine the adequacy of Stamps's Index of Work Satisfaction for measuring nurses' job satisfaction cross-culturally and to determine the validity and reliability of the instrument using the Rasch criteria...
January 2017: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077415/international-multiphase-mixed-methods-study-protocol-to-develop-a-cross-cultural-patient-reported-outcome-instrument-for-children-and-young-adults-with-cleft-lip-and-or-palate-cleft-q
#12
Karen W Y Wong Riff, Elena Tsangaris, Tim Goodacre, Christopher R Forrest, Andrea L Pusic, Stefan J Cano, Anne F Klassen
INTRODUCTION: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments should be developed according to rigorous guidelines in order to provide clinically meaningful, scientifically sound measurement. Understanding the methodology behind instrument development informs the selection of the most appropriate tool. This mixed methods protocol describes the development of an internationally applicable PRO instrument, the CLEFT-Q, for evaluating outcomes of treatment for cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study includes three main phases that occur iteratively and interactively...
January 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077124/important-patient-characteristics-differ-prior-to-total-knee-arthroplasty-and-total-hip-arthroplasty-between-switzerland-and-the-united-states
#13
Patricia D Franklin, Hermes Miozzari, Panayiotis Christofilopoulos, Pierre Hoffmeyer, David C Ayers, Anne Lübbeke
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after total knee (TKA) and hip (THA) arthroplasty are often generalized internationally. Patient-dependent factors and preoperative symptom levels may differ across countries. We compared preoperative patient and clinical characteristics from two large cohorts, one in Switzerland, the other in the US. METHODS: Patient characteristics were collected prospectively on all elective primary TKAs and THAs performed at a large Swiss hospital and in a US national sample...
January 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076643/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-rating-scale-for-countertransference-rsct-to-american-english
#14
Rafael Mondrzak, Camila Reinert, Andreia Sandri, Lucas Spanemberg, Eduardo L Nogueira, Mirella Bertoluci, Claudio Laks Eizirik, Nina Rosa Furtado
Introduction: The Rating Scale for Countertransference (RSCT) - originally, Escala para Avaliação de Contratransferência (EACT) - is a self-administered instrument comprising questions that assess 23 feelings (divided into three blocs, closeness, distance, and indifference) that access conscious countertransferential emotions and sentiments. This paper describes the process of translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the RSCT into American English. Methods: This study employed the guidelines proposed by the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) Task Force for Translation and Cultural Adaptation which define 10 steps for translation and cross-cultural adaptation of self-report instruments...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076641/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-checklist-5-pcl-5-and-life-events-checklist-5-lec-5-for-the-brazilian-context
#15
Eduardo de Paula Lima, Alina Gomide Vasconcelos, William Berger, Christian Haag Kristensen, Elizabeth do Nascimento, Ivan Figueira, Mauro Vitor Mendlowicz
Objective: To describe the process of cross-cultural adaptation of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist 5 (PCL-5) and the Life Events Checklist 5 (LEC-5) for the Brazilian sociolinguistic context. Method: The adaptation process sought to establish conceptual, semantic, and operational equivalence between the original items of the questionnaire and their translated versions, following standardized protocols. Initially, two researchers translated the original version of the scale into Brazilian Portuguese...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076636/body-dysmorphic-symptoms-scale-for-patients-seeking-esthetic-surgery-cross-cultural-validation-study
#16
Tatiana Dalpasquale Ramos, Maria José Azevedo de Brito, Mônica Sarto Piccolo, Maria Fernanda Normanha da Silva Martins Rosella, Miguel Sabino, Lydia Masako Ferreira
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Rhinoplasty is one of the most sought-after esthetic operations among individuals with body dysmorphic disorder. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt and validate the Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-cultural validation study conducted in a plastic surgery outpatient clinic of a public university hospital. METHODS: Between February 2014 and March 2015, 80 consecutive patients of both sexes seeking rhinoplasty were selected...
November 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073351/exploring-neurodevelopmental-outcome-measures-used-in-children-with-cerebral-malaria-the-perspectives-of-caregivers-and-health-workers-in-malawi
#17
Emmie W Mbale, Terrie Taylor, Bernard Brabin, Macpherson Mallewa, Melissa Gladstone
BACKGROUND: Progress has been made in tackling malaria however there are still over 207 million cases worldwide, the majority in children. As survival rates improve, numbers of children with long-term neurodisabling sequelae are likely to increase. Most outcome studies in cerebral malaria (CM) have focused only on body function and structure and less on outcomes within the broader framework of the International Classification of Functioning and Disability (ICF). The aim of this study was to utilise qualitative methods to identify relevant clinical outcomes in CM to support formulation of a core outcome set relevant to CM and other acquired brain injuries for use in future clinical trials...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069409/translation-and-validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-western-ontario-shoulder-instability-index-wosi-wosi-fr
#18
C Perrin, F Khiami, L Beguin, P Calmels, G Gresta, P Edouard
INTRODUCTION: The Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index (WOSI) is a specific self-administered questionnaire measuring the functional impact on patients with chronic glenohumeral instability. In its English version, it is valid, reliable, and sensitive to change. The objective of the present study was to provide a linguistic and cross-cultural adaptation of the original version of the WOSI to French and to assess the metrologic properties of this version in patients with chronic shoulder instability...
January 6, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069003/the-chinese-version-of-achilles-tendon-total-rupture-score-cross-cultural-adaptation-reliability-and-validity
#19
Jin Cui, Zhenyu Jia, Xin Zhi, Xiaoqun Li, Xiao Zhai, Liehu Cao, Weizong Weng, Jun Zhang, Lin Wang, Xiao Chen, Jiacan Su
BACKGROUND: The Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS), which is originally developed in 2007 in Swedish, is the only patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) for specific outcome assessment of an Achilles tendon rupture.Purpose of this study is to translate and cross-culturally adapt Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS) into simplified Chinese, and primarily evaluate the responsiveness, reliability and validity. METHODS: International recognized guideline which was designed by Beaton was followed to make the translation of ATRS from English into simplified Chinese version (CH-ATRS)...
January 5, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065607/integer-ratio-priors-on-musical-rhythm-revealed-cross-culturally-by-iterated-reproduction
#20
Nori Jacoby, Josh H McDermott
Probability distributions over external states (priors) are essential to the interpretation of sensory signals. Priors for cultural artifacts such as music and language remain largely uncharacterized, but likely constrain cultural transmission, because only those signals with high probability under the prior can be reliably reproduced and communicated. We developed a method to estimate priors for simple rhythms via iterated reproduction of random temporal sequences. Listeners were asked to reproduce random "seed" rhythms; their reproductions were fed back as the stimulus and over time became dominated by internal biases, such that the prior could be estimated by applying the procedure multiple times...
January 4, 2017: Current Biology: CB
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