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Premature contraction

Yusuke Fujii, Hideki Itoh, Seiko Ohno, Takashi Murayama, Nagomi Kurebayashi, Hisaaki Aoki, Malorie Blancard, Yoshihisa Nakagawa, Satoshi Yamamoto, Yumie Matsui, Mari Ichikawa, Keiko Sonoda, Tomoya Ozawa, Kimie Ohkubo, Ichiro Watanabe, Pascale Guicheney, Minoru Horie
BACKGROUND: Ventricular fibrillation (VF) may be caused by premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) whose coupling intervals are under 300ms, a characteristic of scTdP. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to analyze the underlying RyR2 variants in patients with the short-coupled variant of torsade de pointes (scTdP). METHODS: Seven patients with scTdP (34±12 years old, 3 females) were enrolled in this study. The RyR2 gene was screened by targeted gene sequencing methods, and variant minor allele frequency (MAF) was confirmed in three databases, and the pathogenicity was investigated in multiple in silico tools...
October 15, 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Junichiro Hashimoto
Arterial structure and function change progressively with advancing age. Owing to long-lasting repetitive stretch with intermittent cardiac contraction, elastic fibers in the tunica media of large arteries gradually degenerate and are replaced by collagenous fibers. Such medial degeneration causes elastic arteries to stiffen and dilate. However, the speed of the vascular aging varies considerably among individuals; a discrepancy often exists between the chronological age of an individual and the biological age of his or her arteries...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Sarah M Holmen, Tiki Bakhshi, Maria M Molina, Larissa F Weir
BACKGROUND: Chorioamniotic membrane separation (CMS) is a rare finding that is commonly preceded by invasive fetal procedures. The presence of CMS can also be associated with uncommon maternal or fetal conditions as well as preterm delivery, amniotic band syndrome, umbilical cord complications, and fetal and neonatal death. It is classified as a high-risk antepartum condition due to the significant fetal morbidity and mortality that may ensue. CASE REPORT: A 40-year-old gravida 5 para 1212 at 35 weeks presented for antepartum fetal testing...
October 2016: Military Medicine
T V K Herregods, A J P M Smout, J L S Ooi, D Sifrim, A J Bredenoord
BACKGROUND: With the advent of high-resolution manometry (HRM), a new diagnosis, jackhammer esophagus, was introduced. Little is known about this rare condition, and the relationship between symptoms and hypercontractility is not always straightforward. The aim of our study was to describe a large cohort of patients with jackhammer esophagus and to investigate whether manometric findings are associated with the presence of symptoms. METHODS: All patients from 06, 2014 until 12, 2015 seen at two tertiary centers with at least one hypercontractile swallow (distal contractile integral [DCI] >8000 mm Hg/s/cm) on HRM were analyzed...
October 17, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Yong Xie, Zhen-Jie Gu, Mao-Xiong Wu, Tu-Cheng Huang, Jing-Song Ou, Huiping-Son Ni, Mao-Huan Lin, Wo-Liang Yuan, Jing-Feng Wang, Yang-Xin Chen
AIMS: Adverse cardiovascular effects induced by peroxisome proliferator activator receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) activation were observed in clinical setting. But the underlying mechanism is unclear. Now, transgenic mice with cardiac specific peroxisome proliferator activator receptor-γ overexpression (TG-PPAR-γ) were used to explore the possible mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cardiac tissues from TG-PPAR-γ mice, a PPAR-γ over-expressing human cardiomyocyte line AC16 cell, and PPAR-γ agonist-treated primary cardiomyocytes were used to evaluate the expression of cardiac calcium regulatory proteins as sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase, Na(+)/Ca(2+)exchanger 1, ryanodine receptor 2 and phospholamban...
October 13, 2016: Life Sciences
Ebru Yalın İmamoğlu, Ayşe Güler Eroğlu
AIM: To investigate ventricular arrhythmias in children with primary mitral valve prolapse and to evaluate its relation with QT length, QT dispersion, autonomic function tests and heart rate variability measurements. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fourty two children with mitral valve prolapse and 32 healthy children were enrolled into the study. Twelve-lead electrocardiograms, autonomic function tests, echocardiography and 24-hour rhythm Holter tests were performed. Electrocardiograms were magnified digitally...
September 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Wael A Alqarawi, F Daniel Ramirez, Pablo B Nery, Calum J Redpath, Mouhannad M Sadek, Martin S Green, David H Birnie, Girish M Nair
Premature ventricular contraction (PVC)-induced cardiomyopathy is increasingly being recognized as a reversible cause of left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction (LVSD). The diagnosis of PVC-induced cardiomyopathy is considered in subjects with high PVC burdens (> 10,000 per 24 hours) after excluding other known causes of LVSD. PVC suppression is the mainstay of the management of PVC-induced cardiomyopathy, in addition to proven evidence-based medical therapy recommended for subjects with LVSD. Management strategies for PVC-induced cardiomyopathy include medical therapy and/or catheter ablation, with an increasing role for catheter ablation as a first-line therapy in view of the potential for permanent suppression of PVCs...
July 1, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Myoung Jin Ko, Yong Han Kim, Eunsu Kang, Byeong-Cheol Lee, Sujung Lee, Jae-Wook Jung
A 76-year-old man with no notable medical history was scheduled for a robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. After the operation, he was given sugammadex. Two minutes later, ventricular premature contraction bigeminy began, followed by cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest occurred three times and cardiopulmonary resuscitation was done. The patient recovered after the third cardiopulmonary resuscitation and was transferred to the intensive care unit. Coronary angiography was done on postoperative day 1. The patient was diagnosed with variant angina and discharged uneventfully on postoperative day 8...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Xinhua Wang, Zheng Li, Jialiang Mao, Ben He
AIMS: Frequent premature atrial contractions (PACs) are associated with increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF), stroke, and death. This study aimed to explore the electrophysiological features of PACs with and without inducing AF and to evaluate the effectiveness of catheter ablation for PACs. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-five consecutive patients with symptomatic, frequent, and drug-refractory PACs in the absence of AF (group A) and 35 patients with PACs-induced AF (group B) were enrolled...
October 4, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Hoang H Nguyen, Shabana Shahanavaz, George F Van Hare, David T Balzer, Ramzi Nicolas, Jennifer N Avari Silva
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) is first-line therapy for some congenital heart disease patients with right ventricular outflow tract dysfunction. The hemodynamics improvements after PPVI are well documented, but little is known about its effects on the electrophysiologic substrate. The objective of this study is to assess the short- and medium-term electrophysiologic substrate changes and elucidate postprocedure arrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective chart review of patients undergoing PPVI from May 2010 to April 2015 was performed...
September 30, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Luke F Gamon, Uta Wille
Air pollution is responsible for the premature death of about 7 million people every year. Ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2(•)) are the key gaseous pollutants in the troposphere, which predominantly result from combustion processes. Their inhalation leads to reactions with constituents in the airway surface fluids (ASF) of the respiratory tract and/or lungs. ASF contain small molecular-weight antioxidants, which protect the underlying epithelial cells against oxidative damage. When this defense system is overwhelmed, proteins and lipids present on cell surfaces or within the ASF become vulnerable to attack...
October 18, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
Konstantin V Zavadovsky, Victor V Saushkin, Mikhail S Khlynin, Sergey V Popov, Yuri B Lishmanov
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of idiopathic ventricular tachycardia and premature ventricular beats on cardiac function and dyssynchrony and to elucidate relationships between data of scintigraphic and intracardiac electrophysiology studies. METHODS: The study comprised 64 patients with idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (VA) (median age of 14 years ranging from 8 to 18 years). Control group comprised 20 patients (median age of 12 ranging from 7 to 16 years) without cardiac arrhythmias...
September 23, 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Hao Cao, Qi Zhang, Yanzhong He, Xiaodong Feng, Zhongmin Liu
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rupture often occurs after myocardial infarction or chest trauma with a high mortality rate. However, left ventricular rupture caused by radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) is extremely rare. METHODS: We describe a case of a 61-year-old male who survived from left ventricular rupture caused by a RFCA procedure for frequent ventricular premature contractions. Surgical exploration with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was performed when the signs of cardiac tamponade developed 7 hours after the ablation surgery...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hamid Amoozgar, Samaneh Zeighami, Sezaneh Haghpanah, Mehran Karimi
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to compare heart function and arrhythmia in clinically asymptomatic patients with beta thalassemia intermedia and beta thalassemia major. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, 60 patients with beta thalassemia major and 60 patients with beta thalassemia intermedia who had clinically no symptoms of arrhythmia and clinically normal heart function were evaluated using 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiogram monitoring and echocardiography...
September 20, 2016: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Wesley T O'Neal, Elsayed Z Soliman, Jimmy T Efird, Suzanne E Judd, Virginia J Howard, George Howard, Leslie A McClure
Several reports have suggested that particulate matter (PM) exposure increases the risk for atrial arrhythmias. However, data from large-scale epidemiologic studies supporting this hypothesis are lacking. We examined the association of PM <2.5 μm in diameter (PM2.5) concentration with premature atrial contractions (PACs) in 26,609 (mean age=65±9.4 years; 55% female; 41% black) participants from the REGARDS (REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke) study. Estimates of short- (2 weeks) and long-term (1 year) PM2...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
Junichiro Hashimoto
Arterial structure and function change progressively with advancing age. Owing to long-lasting repetitive stretch with intermittent cardiac contraction, elastic fibers in the tunica media of large arteries gradually degenerate and are replaced by collagenous fibers. Such medial degeneration causes elastic arteries to stiffen and dilate. However, the speed of the vascular aging varies considerably among individuals; a discrepancy often exists between the chronological age of an individual and the biological age of his or her arteries...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Keita Masuda, Akihiko Nogami, Kenji Kuroki, Miyako Igarashi, Yukio Sekiguchi, Yuki Komatsu, Shinya Kowase, Kenji Kurosaki, Shuzo Nishihara, Koichiro Niwa, Taketsugu Tsuchiya, Masayuki Igawa, Kazutaka Aonuma
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation is an effective therapy for ventricular fibrillation (VF) arising from the Purkinje system in ischemic heart disease. However, some patients experience newly emergent monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) after the ablation of VF. We evaluated the prevalence and mechanism of monomorphic VT after VF ablation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-one consecutive patients with primary VF because of ischemic heart disease who underwent catheter ablation were retrospectively analyzed...
September 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Tamas Szili Torok, Lennart J DE Vries, Emin E Özcan, Can Hasdemir, Zsuzsanna Kis, Attila Kardos, Tamas Géczy, Istvan Kovacs, Imre Benedek, Erik Oosterwerff, Astrid A Hendriks, Muchtiar Khan, Sing-Chien Yap
BACKGROUND: Multiple mechanisms have been proposed for idiopathic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) originating from the outflow tracts (OTs). Recent observations such as the coexistence of these arrhythmias with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardias and the association between discrete prepotentials and successful ablation sites of ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) from the OTs suggest a common link. OBJECTIVE: In this case series we draw attention to a unique association between accessory pathways (APs) and idiopathic PVCs from the OTs, disappearing after AP ablation...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Ye Ma, Qiang Zheng, Yang Liu, Bojin Shi, Xiang Xue, Weiping Ji, Zhuo Liu, Yiming Jin, Yang Zou, Zhao An, Wei Zhang, Xinxin Wang, Wen Jiang, Zhiyun Xu, Zhong Lin Wang, Zhou Li, Hao Zhang
Operation time of implantable electronic devices is largely constrained by the lifetime of batteries, which have to be replaced periodically by surgical procedures once exhausted, causing physical and mental suffering to patients and increasing healthcare costs. Besides the efficient scavenging of the mechanical energy of internal organs, this study proposes a self-powered, flexible, and one-stop implantable triboelectric active sensor (iTEAS) that can provide continuous monitoring of multiple physiological and pathological signs...
October 12, 2016: Nano Letters
Lingmin Wu, Yanlai Lu, Yan Yao, Lihui Zheng, Gang Chen, Ligang Ding, Bingbo Hou, Yu Qiao, Wei Sun, Shu Zhang
As a new complication, new-onset ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) post atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation have not been well defined. This prospective study aimed to describe the details of new-onset VAs post AF ablation in a large study cohort.One thousand fifty-three consecutive patients who underwent the first radiofrequency catheter ablation for AF were enrolled. All patients had no evidence of pre-ablation VAs. New-onset VAs were defined as new-onset ventricular tachycardia (VT) or premature ventricular contractions (PVC) ≥1000/24 h within 1 month post ablation...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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