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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108483/measuring-hip-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-femoroacetabular-impingement-and-other-hip-pathologies-a-systematic-review
#1
E Mayne, A Memarzadeh, P Raut, A Arora, V Khanduja
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on measurement of muscle strength in patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and other pathologies and to suggest guidelines to standardise protocols for future research in the field. METHODS: The Cochrane and PubMed libraries were searched for any publications using the terms 'hip', 'muscle', 'strength', and 'measurement' in the 'Title, Abstract, Keywords' field. A further search was performed using the terms 'femoroacetabular' or 'impingement'...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100439/considerations-for-an-access-centered-design-of-the-fever-thermometer-in-low-resource-settings-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Rikako Iwamoto, Ana Laura Rodrigues Santos, Niels Chavannes, Ria Reis, Jan Carel Diehl
BACKGROUND: The lack of adequate information about fever in low-resource settings, its unreliable self-assessment, and poor diagnostic practices may result in delayed care and under-or-overdiagnosis of diseases such as malaria. The mismatches of existing fever thermometers in the context of use imply that the diagnostic tools and connected services need to be studied further to address the challenges of fever-related illnesses and their diagnostics. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to inform a product-service system approach to design a reliable and accessible fever thermometer and connected services, as well as contribute to the identification of innovative opportunities to improve health care in low-resource settings...
January 18, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099838/osteoarthritis-year-in-review-2016-biomarkers-biochemical-markers
#3
REVIEW
A Mobasheri, A-C Bay-Jensen, W E van Spil, J Larkin, M C Levesque
PURPOSE: The aim of this "Year in Review" article is to summarize and discuss the implications of biochemical marker related articles published between the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) 2015 Congress in Seattle and the OARSI 2016 Congress in Amsterdam. METHODS: The PubMed/MEDLINE bibliographic database was searched using the combined keywords: 'biomarker' and 'osteoarthritis'. The PubMed/MEDLINE literature search was conducted using the Advanced Search Builder function (http://www...
January 2, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095262/biosimilars-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-accumulating-clinical-evidence
#4
Sean McConachie, Sheila M Wilhelm, Pramodini B Kale-Pradhan
Biologic antagonists to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF- α) are effective medications and have become well established in the treatment of both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Biosimilar medications, which are medications deemed to be equivalent to reference biologic products in terms of clinical effectiveness, safety, pharmacokinetic analysis, and immunogenicity, have now been approved in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) based on indication exploration from clinical data in alternate disease states...
January 17, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092758/between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-economic-expansion-and-social-responsibility-in-uk-media-discourses-on-the-global-alcohol-industry
#5
Mary Thornton, Benjamin Hawkins
CONTEXT: Transnational alcohol corporations (TACs) employ a range of strategies to achieve their business objectives, including attempts to frame perceptions of their activities in media debates. TACs aim to achieve a favourable regulatory environment by presenting themselves as socially responsible actors. However, the need to secure financial investment means they must also emphasise their potential for growth. This article investigates tensions between these objectives in coverage of the global alcohol industry in the UK print media...
January 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074660/optimizing-the-management-of-children-with-latent-tuberculosis-infection
#6
E Venturini, C Tersigni, E Chiappini, M de Martino, L Galli
The management of latent tuberculosis (LTBI) in children represents an important issue for paediatricians because of the disease burden, the lack of a gold standard for the diagnosis and the high annual risk of progression to active disease. Areas covered: A review of English language articles on LTBI in children, published between the 1(st) of January 2010 and the 1(st) of July 2016, was conducted using multiple keywords and standardized terminology in PubMed database. This review provides an updated overview of the available tests for LTBI diagnosis in children, management strategies and treatment options...
January 11, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070693/micrornas-expression-as-novel-genetic-biomarker-for-early-prediction-and-continuous-monitoring-in-pulmonary-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Razvan Nitu, Alexandru Florin Rogobete, Fuat Gundogdu, Sonia Tanasescu, Ovidiu Boruga, Adriana Sas, Sonia Elena Popovici, Delia Hutanu, Ciprian Pilut, Cristian Andrei Sarau, Adrian Constantin Candea, Adrian Tudor Stan, Liviu Marius Moise
One of the main causes of death in the world is lung cancer. According to the World Health Organization, the annual incidence of lung cancer increases significantly. Moreover, lung cancer accounts for one of the highest mortality rates, mainly due to late detection. Numerous studies have been conducted in order to identify new biomarkers for early diagnosis and for monitoring and evaluation of lung cancer stages. An ideal biomarker candidate is represented by the analysis of microRNAs expression. In this paper, we want to summarize microRNAs expressions in lung cancer...
January 9, 2017: Biochemical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066841/community-based-participatory-research-studies-on-hiv-aids-prevention-2005-2014
#8
Steven S Coughlin
The recent literature on community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches to preventing HIV infection in diverse communities was systematically reviewed as part of the planning process for a new study. Published HIV prevention studies that employed CBPR methods were identified for the period January 1, 2005 to April 30, 2014 using PubMed databases and MeSH term and keyword searches. A total of 44 studies on CBPR and HIV or AIDS prevention were identified, of which 3 focused on adolescents, 33 on adults, and 8 on both adolescents and adults...
April 2016: Jacobs Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064257/epistemic-cognition-in-medical-education-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Jennifer L Eastwood, Elysa Koppelman-White, Misa Mi, Jason Adam Wasserman, Ernest F Krug Iii, Barbara Joyce
Objective: To review the research literature on epistemic cognition in medical education. Methods: We conducted database searches using keywords related to epistemic cognition and medical education or practice. In duplicate, authors selected and reviewed empirical studies with a central focus on epistemic cognition and participant samples including medical students or physicians. Independent thematic analysis and consensus procedures were used to identify major findings about epistemic cognition and implications for research and medical education...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055269/targeting-pd-1-pathway-a-new-hope-for-gastrointestinal-cancers
#10
Burak Bilgin, Mehmet An Sendur, Muhammed Bülent Akıncı, Didem Şener Dede, Bülent Yalçın
BACKGROUND: VEGF, HER2 and EGFR targeted agents are currently used in gastric, esophageal and colorectal cancers. However, treatment outcomes are still poor in most of the Gastrointestinal (GI) cancers. Immune checkpoints are one of the most promising immunotherapy approaches. In this review article, we aimed to discuss the efficacy and safety of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapies in GI cancers, including gastric, esophageal and colorectal cancer in the era of published or reported recent studies...
January 5, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054196/bat-inspired-algorithm-based-query-expansion-for-medical-web-information-retrieval
#11
Ilyes Khennak, Habiba Drias
With the increasing amount of medical data available on the Web, looking for health information has become one of the most widely searched topics on the Internet. Patients and people of several backgrounds are now using Web search engines to acquire medical information, including information about a specific disease, medical treatment or professional advice. Nonetheless, due to a lack of medical knowledge, many laypeople have difficulties in forming appropriate queries to articulate their inquiries, which deem their search queries to be imprecise due the use of unclear keywords...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042114/dislocation-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-dual-mobility-acetabular-components-a-systematic-review
#12
I De Martino, R D'Apolito, V G Soranoglou, L A Poultsides, P K Sculco, T P Sculco
AIMS: The aim of this systematic review was to report the rate of dislocation following the use of dual mobility (DM) acetabular components in primary and revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines was performed. A comprehensive search of Pubmed/Medline, Cochrane Library and Embase (Scopus) was conducted for English articles between January 1974 and March 2016 using various combinations of the keywords "dual mobility", "dual-mobility", "tripolar", "double-mobility", "double mobility", "hip", "cup", "socket"...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038955/traditional-chinese-medicine-for-pulmonary-fibrosis-therapy-progress-and-future
#13
REVIEW
Liu-Cheng Li, Lian-Di Kan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is a chronic, debilitating and often lethal lung disorder. Despite the molecular mechanisms of PF are gradually clear with numerous researchers' efforts, few effective drugs have been developed to reverse human PF or even halt the chronic progression to respiratory failure. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the main component of the medical practice used for more than 5000 years especially in China, often exerts wider action spectrum than previously attempted options in treating human diseases...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032554/detection-of-clinically-important-colorectal-surgical-site-infection-using-bayesian-network
#14
Sunghwan Sohn, David W Larson, Elizabeth B Habermann, James M Naessens, Jasim Y Alabbad, Hongfang Liu
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive efforts to monitor and prevent surgical site infections (SSIs), real-time surveillance of clinical practice has been sparse and expensive or nonexistent. However, natural language processing (NLP) and machine learning (i.e., Bayesian network analysis) may provide the methodology necessary to approach this issue in a new way. We investigated the ability to identify SSIs after colorectal surgery (CRS) through an automated detection system using a Bayesian network...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031073/evaluation-of-real-time-mortality-surveillance-based-on-media-reports
#15
Olaniyi O Olayinka, Tesfaye M Bayleyegn, Rebecca S Noe, Lauren S Lewis, Vincent Arrisi, Amy F Wolkin
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the usefulness and accuracy of media-reported data for active disaster-related mortality surveillance. METHODS: From October 29 through November 5, 2012, epidemiologists from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) tracked online media reports for Hurricane Sandy-related deaths by use of a keyword search. To evaluate the media-reported data, vital statistics records of Sandy-related deaths were compared to corresponding media-reported deaths and assessed for percentage match...
December 29, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013278/thalemine-a-warehouse-for-arabidopsis-data-integration-and-discovery
#16
Vivek Krishnakumar, Sergio Contrino, Chia-Yi Cheng, Irina Belyaeva, Erik S Ferlanti, Jason R Miller, Matthew W Vaughn, Gos Micklem, Christopher D Town, Agnes P Chan
ThaleMine (https://apps.araport.org/thalemine/) is a comprehensive data warehouse that integrates a wide array of genomic information of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana The data collection currently includes the latest structural and functional annotation from the Araport11 update, the Col-0 genome sequence, RNA-seq and array expression, co-expression, protein interactions, homologs, pathways, publications, alleles, germplasm and phenotypes. The data are collected from a wide variety of public resources...
December 23, 2016: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011413/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-seroprevalence-of-varicella-zoster-virus-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#17
REVIEW
Omolbanin Amjadi, Alireza Rafiei, Mohammadreza Haghshenas, Reza Alizadeh Navaei, Reza Valadan, Zahra Hosseini-Khah, Akbar Hedayatizadeh Omran, Mohsen Arabi, Reza Jafari Shakib, Tahoora Mousavi, G Hossein Ashrafi
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes chicken pox as a primary infection following which it becomes latent in neurons. It may then reactivate to cause shingles (herpes zoster). Severity of lesions and VZV pathogenicity are depended on the host's immune response and variant in VZV Dr Athina Myrto ChioniIdentification of VZV seroprevalance rate in general population may lead to develop new health strategic managements such as vaccination. Therefore, we aimed to provide a systematic review of the seroprevalence of VZV infection among Iranian population and estimate age- and gender- specific prevalence of VZV...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004155/-retinal-imaging-of-the-macula-and-optic-disc-in-neurodegenerative-diseases
#18
G N Turski, S Schmitz-Valckenberg, F G Holz, R P Finger
BACKGROUND: Due to current demographic trends, the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment and dementia is expected to increase considerably. For potential new therapies it is important to identify patients at risk as early as possible. Currently, there is no population-based screening. Therefore, identification of biomarkers that will help screen the population at risk is urgently needed. Thus, a literature review on retinal pathology in neurodegenerative diseases was performed. METHODS: PubMed was searched for studies published up to August 2016 using the following keywords: "mild cognitive impairment", "dementia", "eye", "ocular biomarkers", "OCT" and "OCT angiography"...
December 21, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004142/the-evolution-of-outcomes-and-indications-for-the-dual-mobility-cup-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Cécile Batailler, Camdon Fary, Régis Verdier, Thierry Aslanian, Jacques Caton, Sebastien Lustig
PURPOSE: Instability following total hip arthroplasty remains a common and disabling complication. The dual mobility cup (DMC) allows a reduction in the dislocation rate. An increasing number of studies have been undertaken to better understand DMC long term outcomes and complications. The goal of this systematic review was to clarify its different uses and outcomes according to the indications. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed using the keywords 'dual mobility' and 'tripolar cup' with no limit regarding the year of publication...
December 21, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001266/microscopic-colitis-a-literature-review
#20
Ana Paula Hamer Sousa Clara, Flávia Drago Magnago, Juliana Neves Ferreira, Thais Gagno Grillo
Microscopic colitis (MC) refers to chronic inflammation of the colon which is characterized by histologic changes at the level of a radiologically and endoscopically normal mucosa. It is a common cause of chronic non-bloody diarrhea that occurs primarily in older individuals; however, there are few studies in the literature with strong scientific evidence compared to other inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), which limits the knowledge of physicians and pathologists. This article aims to review the information on MC, describing diagnostic methods and drugs available for treatment...
December 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
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