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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031641/recovery-of-human-achilles-tendon-three-dimensional-deformation-following-conditioning
#1
Leila Nuri, Steven J Obst, Richard Newsham-West, Rod S Barrett
OBJECTIVES: The tendon conditioning effect is transient, but the time course of recovery from conditioning is not known. This study examined the time-course recovery of three-dimensional (3D) Achilles tendon (AT) deformation immediately following a standardised AT conditioning protocol. DESIGN: Randomised crossover. METHODS: Ten healthy male adults (age: 24±5 years; height: 175.8±4.1cm; body mass: 78.4±6.3kg) attended the laboratory on 6 occasions...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021191/enhancement-of-phrenic-long-term-facilitation-following-repetitive-acute-intermittent-hypoxia-is-blocked-by-the-glycolytic-inhibitor-2-deoxyglucose
#2
Peter M MacFarlane, Stephane Vinit, Gordon S Mitchell
Moderate acute intermittent hypoxia (mAIH) elicits a form of respiratory motor plasticity known as phrenic long-term facilitation (pLTF). Preconditioning with modest protocols of chronic intermittent hypoxia enhances pLTF, demonstrating pLTF metaplasticity. Since "low dose" protocols of repetitive acute intermittent hypoxia show promise as a therapeutic modality to restore respiratory (and non-respiratory) motor function in clinical disorders with compromised breathing, we tested the hypothesis that preconditioning with a mild repetitive AIH (rAIH) protocol enhances pLTF and hypoglossal (XII) LTF, and whether the enhancement is regulated by glycolytic flux...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988272/pre-culture-in-endothelial-growth-medium-enhances-the-angiogenic-properties-of-adipose-derived-stem-stromal-cells
#3
Lucas E B Souza, Liziane R Beckenkamp, Lays M Sobral, Daianne M C Fantacini, Fernanda U F Melo, Josiane S Borges, Andréia M Leopoldino, Simone Kashima, Dimas Tadeu Covas
Considerable progress has been made on the development of adipose-derived stem/stromal cells (ASCs) as pro-angiogenic therapeutic tools. However, variable clinical results highlight the need for devising strategies to enhance their therapeutic efficacy. Since ASCs proliferate and stabilize newly formed vessels during the angiogenic phase of adipose tissue formation, we hypothesized that mimicking an angiogenic milieu during culture of ASCs would enhance their capacity to support endothelial cell survival and angiogenesis...
October 7, 2017: Angiogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987784/peritoneal-pre-conditioning-reduces-macrophage-marker-expression-in-collagen-containing-engineered-vascular-grafts
#4
Mozhgan Shojaee, Kristin B Wood, Lisa K Moore, Chris A Bashur
Engineered vascular grafts have shown promise as arteriovenous shunts, but they have not yet progressed to clinical trials for coronary arteries <4 mm in diameter such as the coronary arteries. Control over initial biomaterial properties and remodeling are necessary to generate viable grafts. In this study, we blended collagen with a synthetic material, poly(ε-caprolactone), to modulate the post-grafting inflammatory response while avoiding aneurysmal-like dilation and failure that can occur with pure collagen grafts...
October 5, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977888/accelerated-tumor-growth-under-intermittent-hypoxia-is-associated-with-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-dependent-adaptive-responses-to-hypoxia
#5
Dae Wui Yoon, Daeho So, Sra Min, Jiyoung Kim, Mingyu Lee, Roza Khalmuratova, Chung-Hyun Cho, Jong-Wan Park, Hyun-Woo Shin
Mounting evidence has revealed a causative role of intermittent hypoxia (IH) in cancer progression in mouse models of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but most studies have focused on the effects of IH following tumor implantation using an exposure to single IH frequency. Thus, we aimed to investigate 1) the potential effect of IH on the initial tumor growth in patients with OSA without an interaction with other mechanisms induced by IH in mice and 2) the influence of the IH frequency on tumor growth, which were tested using pre-conditioning with IH (Pre-IH) and 2 different IH frequencies, respectively...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967895/associations-between-acute-gastrointestinal-gvhd-and-the-baseline-gut-microbiota-of-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients-and-donors
#6
C Liu, D N Frank, M Horch, S Chau, D Ir, E A Horch, K Tretina, K van Besien, C A Lozupone, V H Nguyen
Growing evidence suggests that host-microbiota interactions influence GvHD risk following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant. However, little is known about the influence of the transplant recipient's pre-conditioning microbiota nor the influence of the transplant donor's microbiota. Our study examines associations between acute gastrointestinal GvHD (agGvHD) and 16S rRNA fecal bacterial profiles in a prospective cohort of N=57 recipients before preparative conditioning, as well as N=22 of their paired HLA-matched sibling donors...
October 2, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966648/cold-water-swimming-pretreatment-reduces-cognitive-deficits-in-a-rat-model-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Zi-Wei Zhou, Ya-Dan Li, Wei-Wei Gao, Jie-Li Chen, Shu-Yuan Yue, Jian-Ning Zhang
A moderate stress such as cold water swimming can raise the tolerance of the body to potentially injurious events. However, little is known about the mechanism of beneficial effects induced by moderate stress. In this study, we used a classic rat model of traumatic brain injury to test the hypothesis that cold water swimming preconditioning improved the recovery of cognitive functions and explored the mechanisms. Results showed that after traumatic brain injury, pre-conditioned rats (cold water swimming for 3 minutes at 4°C) spent a significantly higher percent of times in the goal quadrant of cold water swim, and escape latencies were shorter than for non-pretreated rats...
August 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965958/secretome-released-from-hydrogel-embedded-adipose-mesenchymal-stem-cells-protects-against-the-parkinson-s-disease-related-toxin-6-hydroxydopamine
#8
Armando Chierchia, Nino Chirico, Lucia Boeri, Ilaria Raimondi, Giovanni A Riva, Manuela Teresa Raimondi, Marta Tunesi, Carmen Giordano, Gianluigi Forloni, Diego Albani
Neurodegenerative diseases, as Parkinson's disease (PD), involve irreversible neural cell damage and impairment. In PD, there is a selective degeneration of the dopaminergic neurons leading to motor symptoms. A common finding in PD neurodegeneration is the increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to oxidative stress. To date there are only interventions to relieve PD symptoms, however progress has been made in the development of therapies that target the immune system or use its components as therapeutic agents; among these, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which are able to express neuroprotective factors as cytokines, chemokines and angiogenic molecules, collectively named secretome, that accumulate in MSC culture medium...
September 28, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944269/sports-and-environmental-temperature-from-warming-up-to-heating-up
#9
REVIEW
Sébastien Racinais, Scott Cocking, Julien D Périard
Most professional and recreational athletes perform pre-conditioning exercises, often collectively termed a 'warm-up' to prepare for a competitive task. The main objective of warming-up is to induce both temperature and non-temperature related responses to optimize performance. These responses include increasing muscle temperature, initiating metabolic and circulatory adjustments, and preparing psychologically for the upcoming task. However, warming-up in hot and/or humid ambient conditions increases thermal and circulatory strain...
2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938143/contribution-of-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-to-assessment-of-brain-connectivity-and-networks
#10
REVIEW
Mark Hallett, Riccardo Di Iorio, Paolo Maria Rossini, Jung E Park, Robert Chen, Pablo Celnik, Antonio P Strafella, Hideyuki Matsumoto, Yoshikazu Ugawa
The goal of this review is to show how transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) techniques can make a contribution to the study of brain networks. Brain networks are fundamental in understanding how the brain operates. Effects on remote areas can be directly observed or identified after a period of stimulation, and each section of this review will discuss one method. EEG analyzed following TMS is called TMS-evoked potentials (TEPs). A conditioning TMS can influence the effect of a test TMS given over the motor cortex...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931425/neutralizing-immune-responses-induced-by-oligomeric-h5n1-hemagglutinins-from-plants
#11
Hoang Trong Phan, Thuong Thi Ho, Ha Hoang Chu, Trang Huyen Vu, Ulrike Gresch, Udo Conrad
Plant-based transient expression is an alternative platform to produce hemagglutinin-based subunit vaccines. This production system provides not only fast and effective response in the context of a pandemic but also enables the supply of big volume vaccines at low cost. Crude plant extracts containing influenza hemagglutinin are considered to use as vaccine sources because of avoidance of related purification steps resulting in low cost production allowing veterinary applications. Highly immunogenic influenza hemagglutinins are urgently required to meet these pre-conditions...
September 20, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927551/impaired-contextual-fear-conditioning-in-mam-rodent-model-of-schizophrenia
#12
Kathryn M Gill, Sarah A Miller, Anthony A Grace
The methylazoxymethanol acetate (MAM) rodent neurodevelopmental model of schizophrenia exhibits aberrant dopamine system activation attributed to hippocampal dysfunction. Context discrimination is a component of numerous behavioral and cognitive functions and relies on intact hippocampal processing. The present study explored context processing behaviors, along with dopamine system activation, during fear learning in the MAM model. Male offspring of dams treated with MAM (20mg/kg, i.p.) or saline on gestational day 17 were used for electrophysiological and behavioral experiments...
September 15, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904352/polyphenols-journey-through-blood-brain-barrier-towards-neuronal-protection
#13
I Figueira, G Garcia, R C Pimpão, A P Terrasso, I Costa, A F Almeida, L Tavares, T F Pais, P Pinto, M R Ventura, A Filipe, G J McDougall, D Stewart, K S Kim, I Palmela, D Brites, M A Brito, C Brito, C N Santos
Age-related complications such as neurodegenerative disorders are increasing and remain cureless. The possibility of altering the progression or the development of these multifactorial diseases through diet is an emerging and attractive approach with increasing experimental support. We examined the potential of known bioavailable phenolic sulfates, arising from colonic metabolism of berries, to influence hallmarks of neurodegenerative processes. In silico predictions and in vitro transport studies across blood-brain barrier (BBB) endothelial cells, at circulating concentrations, provided evidence for differential transport, likely related to chemical structure...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900303/exploring-priming-responses-involved-in-peach-fruit-acclimation-to-cold-stress
#14
Georgia Tanou, Ioannis S Minas, Federico Scossa, Maya Belghazi, Aliki Xanthopoulou, Ioannis Ganopoulos, Panagiotis Madesis, Alisdair Fernie, Athanassios Molassiotis
Cold storage of fruit may induce the physiological disorder chilling injury (CI); however, the molecular basis of CI development remains largely unexplored. Simulated conditions of CI priming and suppression provided an interesting experimental system to study cold response in fruit. Peaches (cv. June Gold) at the commercial harvest (CH) or tree-ripe (TR) stages were immediately exposed to cold treatment (40 d, 0 °C) and an additional group of CH fruits were pre-conditioned 48 h at 20 °C prior to low-temperature exposure (pre-conditioning, PC)...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899101/retention-of-qualified-healthcare-workers-in-rural-senegal-lessons-learned-from-a-qualitative-study
#15
Mari Nagai, Noriko Fujita, Ibrahima S Diouf, Malick Salla
INTRODUCTION: Deployment and retention of a sufficient number of skilled and motivated human resources for health (HRH) at the right place and at the right time are critical to ensure people's right to access a universal quality of health care. Vision Tokyo 2010 Network, an international network of HRH managers at the ministry of health (MoH) level in nine Francophone African countries, identified maldistribution of a limited number of healthcare personnel and their retention in rural areas as overarching problems in the member countries...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892085/circulating-endothelial-cell-count-a-reliable-marker-of-endothelial-damage-in-patients-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#16
C Almici, C Skert, B Bruno, A Bianchetti, R Verardi, A Di Palma, A Neva, S Braga, G Piccinelli, G Piovani, M Malagola, S Bernardi, L Giaccone, L Brunello, M Festuccia, K Baeten, D Russo, M Marini
The physio-pathologic interrelationships between endothelium and GvHD have been better elucidated and have led to definition of the entity 'endothelial GvHD' as an essential early phase prior to the clinical presentation of acute GvHD. Using the CellSearch system, we analyzed circulating endothelial cells (CEC) in 90 allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) patients at the following time-points: T1 (pre-conditioning), T2 (pre-transplant), T3 (engraftment), T4 (onset of GvHD) and T5 (1 week after steroid treatment)...
September 11, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880120/reward-related-limbic-memory-and-stimulation-of-the-cannabinoid-system-an-upgrade-in-value-attribution
#17
Anna Brancato, Angela Cavallaro, Gianluca Lavanco, Fulvio Plescia, Carla Cannizzaro
While a lot is known about the mechanisms promoting aversive learning, the impact of rewarding factors on memory has received comparatively less attention. This research investigates reward-related explicit memory in male rats, by taking advantage of the emotional-object recognition test. This is based on the prior association, during conditioned learning, between a rewarding experience (the encounter with a receptive female rat) and an object; afterwards rat discrimination and recognition of the 'emotional object' is recorded in the presence of a novel object, as a measure of positive limbic memory formation...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865933/a-positive-touch-c-tactile-afferent-targeted-skin-stimulation-carries-an-appetitive-motivational-value
#18
Ralph Pawling, Paula D Trotter, Francis P McGlone, Susannah C Walker
The rewarding sensation of touch in affiliative interactions is hypothesised to be underpinned by an unmyelinated system of nerve fibres called C-tactile afferents (CTs). CTs are velocity tuned, responding optimally to slow, gentle touch, typical of a caress. Here we used evaluative conditioning to examine whether CT activation carries a positive affective value. A set of neutral faces were paired with robotically delivered touch to the forearm. With half the faces touch was delivered at a CT optimal velocity of 3cm/s (CT touch) and with the other half at a faster, non-CT optimal velocity of 30cm/s (Control touch)...
September 1, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843336/the-effect-of-trimetazidine-and-diazoxide-on-immunomodulatory-activity-of-human-embryonic-stem-cell-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-secretome
#19
Saeed Jahandideh, Faezeh Maghsood, Nastaran Mohammadi Ghahhari, Majid Lotfinia, Mohammad Mohammadi, Behrooz Johari, Mehdi Kadivar
Comprehensive proteome profiling of the factors secreted by mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), referred to as secretome, revealed that it consists of cytokines, chemokines, growth factors, extracellular matrix proteins, and components of regeneration, vascularization, and hematopoiesis pathways. Harnessing this MSC secretome for therapeutic applications requires the optimization of production of secretary molecules. A variety of preconditioning methods have been introduced, which subject cells to stimulatory molecules to create the preferred response and stimulate persistent effects...
August 16, 2017: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826225/low-oxidative-stress-mediated-proliferation-via-jnk-foxo3a-catalase-signaling-in-transplanted-adult-stem-cells-promotes-wound-tissue-regeneration
#20
Neha R Dhoke, Ramasatyaveni Geesala, Amitava Das
AIMS: Stem cells exposed to pathological levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) at wound sites fail to regenerate tissue. The molecular mechanism underlying differential levels of ROS-mediated regulation of stem cells remains elusive. This study elucidates the mechanistic role of catalase at 10 μM H2O2-induced proliferation of mouse bone marrow stromal (BMSC) and hematopoietic (HSPC) stem/progenitor cells. RESULTS: BMSCs and HSPCs depicted an increased growth rate and colony formation, in the presence of 10 μM but not 100 μM concentration of H2O2, an effect that was perturbed by Vit...
October 4, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
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