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Pre-conditioning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672544/stress-pre-conditioning-with-temperature-uv-and-gamma-radiation-induces-tolerance-against-phosphine-toxicity
#1
Saad M Alzahrani, Paul R Ebert
Phosphine is the only general use fumigant for the protection of stored grain, though its long-term utility is threatened by the emergence of highly phosphine-resistant pests. Given this precarious situation, it is essential to identify factors, such as stress preconditioning, that interfere with the efficacy of phosphine fumigation. We used Caenorhabditis elegans as a model organism to test the effect of pre-exposure to heat and cold shock, UV and gamma irradiation on phosphine potency. Heat shock significantly increased tolerance to phosphine by 3-fold in wild-type nematodes, a process that was dependent on the master regulator of the heat shock response, HSF-1...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671939/synthetic-cpg-oligonucleotides-induce-a-genetic-profile-ameliorating-murine-myocardial-i-r-injury
#2
Tobias Hilbert, Paul Markowski, Stilla Frede, Olaf Boehm, Pascal Knuefermann, Georg Baumgarten, Andreas Hoeft, Sven Klaschik
We previously demonstrated that pre-conditioning with CpG oligonucleotide (ODN) 1668 induces quick up-regulation of gene expression 3 hours post-murine myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, terminating inflammatory processes that sustain I/R injury. Now, performing comprehensive microarray and biocomputational analyses, we sought to further enlighten the "black box" beyond these first 3 hours. C57BL/6 mice were pretreated with either CpG 1668 or with control ODN 1612, respectively. Sixteen hours later, myocardial ischaemia was induced for 1 hour in a closed-chest model, followed by reperfusion for 24 hours...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655532/evaluation-of-different-therapeutic-carnoy-s-formulations-on-hard-human-tissues-a-raman-microspectroscopy-microhardness-and-scanning-electron-microscopy-study
#3
Francisco Samuel Rodrigues Carvalho, Victor Pinheiro Feitosa, Paulo Goberlânio de Barros Silva, Eduardo Costa Studart Soares, Thyciana Rodrigues Ribeiro, Cristiane Sá Roriz Fonteles, Fábio Wildson Gurgel Costa
PURPOSE: To evaluate different therapeutic Carnoy's solution formulations on hard human tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An in vitro study was performed with human teeth (n = 36) and bone fragments (n = 18), randomly divided into two experimental groups (Group I = Carnoy solution with chloroform; Group II = Carnoy solution without chloroform) and a control group (saline solution). The groups were subdivided into pre-conditioning, post-conditioning, and post-conditioning with saline washing...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626696/fine-tuning-pro-angiogenic-effects-of-cobalt-for-simultaneous-enhancement-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-secretion-and-implant-neovascularization
#4
Yoke Chin Chai, Luis Freitas Mendes, Nick van Gastel, Geert Carmeliet, Frank P Luyten
Rapid neovascularization of a tissue-engineered (TE) construct by the host vasculature is quintessential to warrant effective bone regeneration. This process can be promoted through active induction of angiogenic growth factor secretion or by implementation of in vitro pre-vascularization strategies. In this study, we aimed at optimizing the pro-angiogenic effect of Cobalt (Co2+ ) to enhance vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression by human periosteum-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hPDCs). Simultaneously we set out to promote microvascular network formation by co-culturing with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
April 4, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604365/effects-of-ceftriaxone-on-hydrocodone-seeking-behavior-and-glial-glutamate-transporters-in-p-rats
#5
Fahad S Alshehri, Alqassem Y Hakami, Yusuf S Althobaiti, Youssef Sari
Hydrocodone (HYD) is one of the most widely prescribed opioid analgesic drugs. Several neurotransmitters are involved in opioids relapse. Among these neurotransmitters, glutamate is suggested to be involved in opioid dependence and relapse. Glutamate is regulated by several glutamate transporters, including glutamate transporter 1 (GLT-1) and cystine/glutamate transporter (xCT). In this study, we investigated the effects of ceftriaxone (CEF) (200 mg/kg, i.p.), known to upregulate GLT-1 and xCT, on reinstatement to HYD (5 mg/kg, i...
March 28, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562719/antibiofilm-effect-of-dnase-against-single-and-mixed-species-biofilm
#6
Komal Sharma, Ankita Pagedar Singh
Biofilms are aggregates of microorganisms that coexist in socially coordinated micro-niche in a self-produced polymeric matrix on pre-conditioned surfaces. The biofilm matrix reduces the efficacy of antibiofilm strategies. DNase degrades the extracellular DNA (e-DNA) present in the matrix, rendering the matrix weak and susceptible to antimicrobials. In the current study, the effect of DNase I was evaluated during biofilm formation (pre-treatment), on preformed biofilms (post-treatment) and both (dual treatment)...
March 19, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550075/polymer-mediated-inhibition-of-pro-invasive-nucleic-acid-damps-and-microvesicles-limits-pancreatic-cancer-metastasis
#7
Ibtehaj Naqvi, Ruwan Gunaratne, Jessica E McDade, Angelo Moreno, Rachel E Rempel, Douglas C Rouse, Silvia Gabriela Herrera, David S Pisetsky, Jaewoo Lee, Rebekah R White, Bruce A Sullenger
Nucleic acid binding polymers (NABPs) have been extensively used as vehicles for DNA and RNA delivery. More recently, we discovered that a subset of these NABPs can also serve as anti-inflammatory agents by capturing pro-inflammatory extracellular nucleic acids and associated protein complexes that promote activation of toll-like receptors (TLRs) in diseases such as lupus erythematosus. Nucleic-acid-mediated TLR signaling also facilitates tumor progression and metastasis in several cancers, including pancreatic cancer (PC)...
February 23, 2018: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528696/the-responsible-inclusion-of-students-receiving-special-education-services-for-emotional-disturbance-unraveling-the-practice-to-research-gap
#8
John William McKenna, Michael Solis, Frederick Brigham, Reesha Adamson
The majority of students receiving special education services for emotional disturbance (ED) receive a significant amount of instruction in general education classrooms, which emphasizes curriculums based on college and career readiness standards. In turn, those teachers who provide instruction to students with ED in inclusive settings are responsible for using evidence-based practices (EBPs) for those teaching situations in which they exist to meet free appropriate public education (FAPE) mandates. However, the identification of EBPs is a necessary pre-condition to eventual school adoption and teacher use of such practices...
March 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525828/exercise-training-and-cardiovascular-health-in-cancer-patients
#9
REVIEW
Ray W Squires, Adam M Shultz, Joerg Herrmann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cancer patients nearly universally experience a decline in quality of life, with fatigue and reduced exercise tolerance as cardinal reflections. A routine exercise program can improve these signs and symptoms as well as overall outcomes. The review provides an updated overview of the field and its translation to clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: A wealth of clinical studies have documented the safety and benefits of exercise after and during cancer therapy, and pilot and larger-scale studies are currently ongoing to integrate exercise into the treatment program for cancer patients undergoing active therapy (EXACT pilot, OptiTrain, and TITAN study)...
March 10, 2018: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523894/cultivation-of-epc-and-co-cultivation-with-msc-on-%C3%AE-tcp-granules-in-vitro-is-feasible-without-fibronectin-coating-but-influenced-by-scaffolds-design
#10
Philipp Störmann, Juliane Kupsch, Kerstin Kontradowitz, Maximilian Leiblein, René Verboket, Caroline Seebach, Ingo Marzi, Dirk Henrich, Christoph Nau
INTRODUCTION: Meanwhile, the osteoconductive properties of frequently used synthetic bone grafts can be improved by the use of osteoinductive cells and growth factors. Nevertheless, the cultivation of endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) seems to be difficult and requires a pre-conditioning of the scaffolds with fibronectin. Additionally, the influence of the scaffolds' design on cell cultivation is not fully elucidated. METHODS: As scaffold, a commercially available β-tricalcium phosphate was used...
March 9, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523370/physiologic-facet-capsule-stretch-can-induce-pain-upregulate-matrix-metalloproteinase-3-in-the-dorsal-root-ganglia-when-preceded-by-a-physiological-mechanical-or-nonpainful-chemical-exposure
#11
REVIEW
Sagar Singh, Sonia Kartha, Ben A Bulka, Nicholas S Stiansen, Beth A Winkelstein
BACKGROUND: Neck pain from cervical facet loading is common and induces inflammation and upregulation of nerve growth factor (NGF) that can sensitize the joint afferents. Yet, the mechanisms by which these occur and whether afferents can be pre-conditioned by certain nonpainful stimuli are unknown. This study tested the hypothesis that a nonpainful mechanical or chemical insult predisposes a facet joint to generate pain after a later exposure to typically nonpainful distraction. METHODS: Rats were exposed to either a nonpainful distraction or an intra-articular subthreshold dose of NGF followed by a nonpainful distraction two days later...
January 31, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516305/light-emitting-diode-therapy-photobiomodulation-effects-on-oxygen-uptake-and-cardiac-output-dynamics-during-moderate-exercise-transitions-a-randomized-crossover-double-blind-and-placebo-controlled-study
#12
Thomas Beltrame, Cleber Ferraresi, Nivaldo Antonio Parizotto, Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato, Richard L Hughson
Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) might have a beneficial impact on cytochrome-c oxidase enzyme activity. Thus, it was hypothesized that photobiomodulation by light-emitting diode therapy (LEDT) could influence aerobic metabolism dynamics. Possible LEDT-mediated aerobic improvements were investigated mainly by a precise characterization of the pulmonary O2 uptake dynamics during moderate exercise transitions. Eight healthy young adults were enrolled in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study...
March 7, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514057/calcium-sensing-receptor-expression-and-signalling-in-cardiovascular-physiology-and-disease
#13
REVIEW
Rolf Schreckenberg, Klaus-Dieter Schlüter
Initially identified in the parathyroidea, the calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) is now recognized as an ubiquitously expressed receptor that exerts specific functions in multiple organs including the cardiovascular system. This review will focus on the role that CaSR plays in vascular and cardiac tissues. In the vasculature, CaSR is expressed in endothelial and smooth muscle cells. CaSR of endothelial cells participates in part to the regulation of local perfusion by linkage of CaSR activation to endothelial hyperpolarization and nitric oxide release...
March 4, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498435/dental-follicle-mesenchymal-stem-cells-down-regulate-th2-mediated-immune-response-in-asthmatic-patients-mononuclear-cells
#14
D Genç, N Zibandeh, E Nain, M Gökalp, A O Özen, M K Göker, T Akkoç
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease in which inflammatory responses have the polarisation of CD4+ T cells to Th2 cells. Dental follicle mesenchymal stem cells (DFSCs) have strong anti-inflammatory properties comparable to other mesenchymal stem cells. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the immunomodulatory effects of DFSCs on CD4+ T helper cell responses of asthmatic patients and compared the results with those obtained with asthmatic subjects on immunotherapy and with healthy individuals...
March 2, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470824/turning-up-the-heat-an-evaluation-of-the-evidence-for-heating-to-promote-exercise-recovery-muscle-rehabilitation-and-adaptation
#15
REVIEW
Hamish McGorm, Llion A Roberts, Jeff S Coombes, Jonathan M Peake
Historically, heat has been used in various clinical and sports rehabilitation settings to treat soft tissue injuries. More recently, interest has emerged in using heat to pre-condition muscle against injury. The aim of this narrative review was to collate information on different types of heat therapy, explain the physiological rationale for heat therapy, and to summarise and evaluate the effects of heat therapy before, during and after muscle injury, immobilisation and strength training. Studies on skeletal muscle cells demonstrate that heat attenuates cellular damage and protein degradation (following in vitro challenges/insults to the cells)...
February 22, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466367/differentiated-embryo-chondrocyte-plays-a-crucial-role-in-dna-damage-response-via-transcriptional-regulation-under-hypoxic-conditions
#16
Hideaki Nakamura, Hidemasa Bono, Keiko Hiyama, Takeshi Kawamoto, Yukio Kato, Takeshi Nakanishi, Masahiko Nishiyama, Eiso Hiyama, Nobuyuki Hirohashi, Eisaburo Sueoka, Lorenz Poellinger, Keiji Tanimoto
Tumor hypoxia contributes to a biologically aggressive phenotype and therapeutic resistance. Recent studies have revealed that hypoxia reduces expression of several DNA damage recognition and repair (DRR) genes via both hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-independent and -dependent pathways, and this induced genomic instability in cancer cells. We show here that one of the HIF-target genes-differentiated embryo chondrocyte (DEC)-plays a role in DNA damage response via transcriptional repression. Comprehensive gene expression and database analyses have revealed systemic repression of DNA-DRR genes in cancer and non-cancer cells under hypoxic conditions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464456/application-of-validity-theory-and-methodology-to-patient-reported-outcome-measures-proms-building-an-argument-for-validity
#17
Melanie Hawkins, Gerald R Elsworth, Richard H Osborne
BACKGROUND: Data from subjective patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are now being used in the health sector to make or support decisions about individuals, groups and populations. Contemporary validity theorists define validity not as a statistical property of the test but as the extent to which empirical evidence supports the interpretation of test scores for an intended use. However, validity testing theory and methodology are rarely evident in the PROM validation literature...
February 20, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453259/common-hydraulic-fracturing-fluid-additives-alter-the-structure-and-function-of-anaerobic-microbial-communities
#18
Adam C Mumford, Denise M Akob, J Grace Klinges, Isabelle M Cozzarelli
The development of unconventional oil and gas (UOG) resources results in production of large volumes of wastewater containing a complex mixture of hydraulic fracturing chemical additives and components from the formation. Release of these wastewaters into the environment poses potential risks that are poorly understood. Microbial communities in stream sediments form the base of the food chain, and may serve as sentinels for changes in stream health. Iron reducing organisms have been shown to play a role in the biodegradation of a wide range of organic compounds, and to evaluate their response to UOG wastewater, we enriched anaerobic microbial communities from sediments collected upstream (background) and downstream (impacted) of an UOG wastewater injection disposal facility in the presence of hydraulic fracturing fluid (HFF) additives: guar gum, ethylene glycol, and two biocides, DBNPA and Bronopol...
February 16, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449374/-time-resolved-analysis-of-amino-acid-stress-identifies-eif2-phosphorylation-as-necessary-to-inhibit-mtorc1-activity-in-liver
#19
Inna A Nikonorova, Emily T Mirek, Christina C Signore, Michael P Goudie, Ronald C Wek, Tracy G Anthony
Amino acid availability is sensed by general control nonderepressible 2 (GCN2) and mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1), but how these two sensors coordinate their respective signal transduction events remains mysterious. In this study we utilized mouse genetic models to investigate the role of GCN2 in hepatic mTORC1 regulation upon amino acid stress induced by a single injection of asparaginase. We found that deletion of Gcn2 prevented hepatic phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 alpha (eIF2) to asparaginase and instead unleashed mTORC1 activity...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432803/learning-and-memory-is-modulated-by-cannabidiol-when-administered-during-trace-fear-conditioning
#20
A L Uhernik, Z T Montoya, C D Balkissoon, J P Smith
Cannabidiol (CBD) is thought to have therapeutic potential for treating psychiatric conditions that affect cognitive aspects of learning and memory, including anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Studies have shown that CBD enhances extinction of fear memory when given after conditioning. This led us to hypothesize that CBD, if administered prior to fear conditioning, might modulate cognitive learning and memory processes in additional ways that would further guide its potential use for treating PTSD...
February 9, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
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