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slow versus rapid enteral feed in preterm neonates

Suksham Jain, Kanya Mukhopadhyay, Vanita Jain, Praveen Kumar
OBJECTIVE: Incidence of feed intolerance (FI) and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm neonates with Doppler evidence of absent end diastolic flow (AEDF) velocities in the fetal umbilical artery when enteral feed volumes were started by 6-72 h and advanced either slowly or rapidly. METHODS: Stable inborn neonates, 30-36 weeks gestation, weighing ≥1000 g and with antenatal evidence of AEDF were included in this pilot study. Infants (stratified in <1250 g and ≥1250 g birth weight categories) were allocated under randomized controlled trial, to receive either slow or rapid advancement of enteral feeding, while initiating the feeds after 6 h of birth if bowel sounds were present...
September 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Sriram Krishnamurthy, Piyush Gupta, Sanjib Debnath, Sunil Gomber
AIM: To evaluate whether preterm neonates weighing 1000-1499 g at birth receiving rapid enteral feeding advancement at 30 mL/kg/day attain full feedings (180 mL/kg/day) earlier than those receiving slow enteral feeding advancement at 20 mL/kg/day without increase in the incidence of feeding intolerance or necrotizing enterocolitis. METHODS: A total of 100 stable intramural neonates weighing between 1000 and 1499 g and gestational age less than 34 weeks were randomly allocated to enteral feeding (expressed human milk or formula) advancement of 20 mL/kg/day (n = 50) or 30 mL/kg/day (n = 50)...
January 2010: Acta Paediatrica
Robert D Christensen, Jennifer L Street
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2005: Journal of Pediatrics
Judith Caple, Debra Armentrout, Valerie Huseby, Brenda Halbardier, Jose Garcia, John W Sparks, Fernando R Moya
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether infants who are fed initially and advanced at 30 mL/kg per day (intervention) take fewer days to get to full feedings than those who are fed initially and advanced at 20 mL/kg per day (control), without increasing their incidence of feeding complications and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). We also examined whether these infants regain birth weight earlier, have fewer days of intravenous fluids, and a have shorter hospital stay. METHODS: A randomized, controlled, single-center trial was conducted in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a community-based county hospital in Houston, Texas...
December 2004: Pediatrics
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