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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895585/feto-maternal-trafficking-of-exosomes-in-murine-pregnancy-models
#1
Samantha Sheller-Miller, Jun Lei, George Saade, Carlos Salomon, Irina Burd, Ramkumar Menon
Timing and initiation of labor are well-orchestrated by signals communicated between the fetal and maternal compartments; however, how these signals are communicated is not completely understood. Fetal exosomes, intercellular signaling vesicles, may play a key role in the process. The objective of this study was to evaluate exosome trafficking in vivo from fetal to maternal compartments. Pregnant CD-1 mice were intra-amniotically injected on gestational day 16 and 17 with exosomes isolated from primary human amnion epithelial cells fluorescently labeled with the lipophilic dye 1,1-dioctadecyl-3,3,3,3-tetramethylindotricarbocyanine iodide (DiR)...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895581/evaluation-of-near-infrared-dyes-as-markers-of-p-glycoprotein-activity-in-tumors
#2
Inessa Semenenko, Emma Portnoy, Mohammed Aboukaoud, Serge Guzy, Miriam Shmuel, Gal Itzhak, Sara Eyal
Aim: The multidrug resistance protein 1 (MDR1; P-glycoprotein) has been associated with efflux of chemotherapeutic agents from tumor cells and with poor patient prognosis. This study evaluated the feasibility of non-invasive, non-radioactive near infrared (NIR) imaging methodology for detection of MDR1 functional activity in tumors. Methods: Initial accumulation assays were conducted in MDR1-overexpressing MDCK cells (MDCK-MDR1) and control MDCK cells (MDCK-CT) using the NIR dyes indocyanine green (ICG), IR-783, IR-775, rhodamine 800, XenoLight DiR, and Genhance 750, at 0...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894001/multiresolution-extended-free-form-deformations-xffd-for-non-rigid-registration-with-discontinuous-transforms
#3
Rui Hua, Jose M Pozo, Zeike A Taylor, Alejandro F Frangi
Image registration is an essential technique to obtain point correspondences between anatomical structures from different images. Conventional non-rigid registration methods assume a continuous and smooth deformation field throughout the image. However, the deformation field at the interface of different organs is not necessarily continuous, since the organs may slide over or separate from each other. Therefore, imposing continuity and smoothness ubiquitously would lead to artifacts and increased errors near the discontinuity interface...
November 9, 2016: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887983/method-of-evaluating-respiratory-induced-organ-motion-by-vector-volume-histogram
#4
Hideharu Miura, Shuichi Ozawa, Hideo Kawabata, Yoshiko Doi, Masahiro Kenjou, Kengo Furukawa, Minoru Nakao, Yasushi Nagata
PURPOSE: Published organ motion data have been collected from measurements of a limited number of points within the organ, the centroid, or the edge of the organ. These are derived from the spatial characteristics of respiratory induced motion; however, this approach does not consider non-rigid organ deformation. We propose a novel quantitative method for evaluating respiratory induced organ motion using Deformable Image Registration (DIR). METHOD: Two phases from a 4-dimensional computed tomography (4D CT) dataset at maximum inspiration and expiration were each taken from five patients...
November 22, 2016: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859881/towards-understanding-the-distribution-and-tumor-targeting-of-sericin-regulated-spherical-calcium-phosphate-nanoparticles
#5
Ruibo Zhao, Xiaoyuan Ren, Chungang Xie, Xiangdong Kong
The study of calcium phosphate (CaP) nanoparticles in vivo is still incomplete, which has limited their applications for biomedical delivery. Herein, we synthesized amorphous spherical calcium phosphate (S-CaP) nanoparticles with an average size of 80 nm via a co-precipitation method in the presence of silk sericin as the regulation template. S-CaP was labeled by the near-infrared dye reagent DiR, and then, the labeled nanoparticles (S-CaP@DiR) were used to investigate the distribution and degradation in healthy mice by IVIS and TEM...
November 17, 2016: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858135/expression-in-pichia-pastoris-and-characterization-of-two-novel-dirigent-proteins-for-atropselective-formation-of-gossypol
#6
Isabelle Effenberger, Michael Harport, Jens Pfannstiel, Iris Klaiber, Andreas Schaller
We established an efficient fed-batch fermentation process for two novel dirigent proteins from cotton plants, GbDIR2 from Gossypium barbadense and GhDIR3 from G. hirsutum, using the engineered Pichia pastoris GlycoSwitch® SuperMan5 strain to prevent hyperglycosylation. The two (His)6-tagged proteins were purified by metal-chelate affinity chromatography and obtained in quantities of 12 and 15 mg L(-1) of culture volume, respectively. Glycosylation sites were identified for the native and for the enzymatically deglycosylated proteins by mass spectrometry, confirming five to six of the seven predicted glycosylation sites in the NxS/T sequence context...
November 17, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846278/distributions-of-direct-reflected-and-diffuse-irradiance-for-ocular-uv-exposure-at-different-solar-elevation-angles
#7
Jiaming Yu, Hui Hua, Yan Liu, Yang Liu
To analyze intensities of ocular exposure to direct (Eo,dir), reflected (Eo,refl), and diffuse (Eo,diff) ultraviolet (UV) irradiance at different solar elevation angles (SEAs), a rotating manikin and dual-detector spectrometer were used to monitor the intensity of ocular exposure to UV irradiation (Eo) and ambient UV radiation (UVR) under clear skies in Sanya, China. Eo,dir was derived as the difference between maximum and minimum measured Eo values. Eo,refl was converted from the value measured at a height of 160 cm...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834643/visualization-of-deformable-image-registration-quality-using-local-image-dissimilarity
#8
Matthias Schlachter, Tobias Fechter, Miro Jurisic, Tanja Schimek-Jasch, Oliver Oehlke, Sonja Adebahr, Wolfgang Birkfellner, Ursula Nestle, Katja Bu Hler
Deformable image registration (DIR) has the potential to improve modern radiotherapy in many aspects, including volume definition, treatment planning and image-guided adaptive radiotherapy. Studies have shown its possible clinical benefits. However, measuring DIR accuracy is difficult without known ground truth, but necessary before integration in the radiotherapy workflow. Visual assessment is an important step towards clinical acceptance. We propose a visualization framework which supports the exploration and the assessment of DIR accuracy...
October 2016: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801924/a-comparative-investigation-between-paclitaxel-nanoparticle-and-nanocrystal-loaded-thermosensitive-pect-hydrogels-for-peri-tumoural-administration
#9
Zhiqiang Lin, Shuxin Xu, Wei Gao, Hongxiang Hu, Meiwan Chen, Yitao Wang, Bing He, Wenbing Dai, Hua Zhang, Xueqing Wang, Anjie Dong, Yuxin Yin, Qiang Zhang
For in situ thermosensitive hydrogels, it is a big challenge to achieve high drug loading, long-term local retention, and effective drug release simultaneously. To address these issues, we combined the strategy of drug nanocrystals (NCs) and thermosensitive hydrogels with higher gel strength. In particular, we developed paclitaxel NC-based hydrogels using PECT, a thermosensitive polymer synthesized by us (PTX-NC-PECT), and a nanoparticle-based system was used as the control (PTX-NP-PECT). First, high levels of PTX could be loaded in both PECT hydrogels...
November 1, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782706/investigating-deformable-image-registration-and-scatter-correction-for-cbct-based-dose-calculation-in-adaptive-impt
#10
Christopher Kurz, Florian Kamp, Yang-Kyun Park, Christoph Zöllner, Simon Rit, David Hansen, Mark Podesta, Gregory C Sharp, Minglun Li, Michael Reiner, Jan Hofmaier, Sebastian Neppl, Christian Thieke, Reinoud Nijhuis, Ute Ganswindt, Claus Belka, Brian A Winey, Katia Parodi, Guillaume Landry
PURPOSE: This work aims at investigating intensity corrected cone-beam x-ray computed tomography (CBCT) images for accurate dose calculation in adaptive intensity modulated proton therapy (IMPT) for prostate and head and neck (H&N) cancer. A deformable image registration (DIR)-based method and a scatter correction approach using the image data obtained from DIR as prior are characterized and compared on the basis of the same clinical patient cohort for the first time. METHODS: Planning CT (pCT) and daily CBCT data (reconstructed images and measured projections) of four H&N and four prostate cancer patients have been considered in this study...
October 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782691/technical-note-scuda-a-software-platform-for-cumulative-dose-assessment
#11
Seyoun Park, Todd McNutt, William Plishker, Harry Quon, John Wong, Raj Shekhar, Junghoon Lee
PURPOSE: Accurate tracking of anatomical changes and computation of actually delivered dose to the patient are critical for successful adaptive radiation therapy (ART). Additionally, efficient data management and fast processing are practically important for the adoption in clinic as ART involves a large amount of image and treatment data. The purpose of this study was to develop an accurate and efficient Software platform for CUmulative Dose Assessment (scuda) that can be seamlessly integrated into the clinical workflow...
October 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770240/does-the-internal-inguinal-ring-need-closure-during-laparoscopic-orchiopexy-with-prentiss-manoeuvre
#12
Sarath Kumar Narayanan, Jagadeesh N Puthenvariath, Prathap Somnath, Arun Mohanan
BACKGROUND: Undescended testis is a common problem, which is prevalent in 3 % of male infants. This study aimed to determine the effect of leaving the deep inguinal ring (DIR) without closure during laparoscopic orchiopexy (LO), with regard to post-operative hernia formation and other outcomes. METHODS: From 2012 to 2014, 63 testicular units were managed with laparoscopy for non-palpable testis (NPT). Diagnostic laparoscopy was performed for all NPTs, and when they were intra-abdominal (42 testicular units), the DIR was left open after mobilization of the testis into the scrotum medial to the inferior epigastric vessels (Prentiss manoeuvre)...
October 21, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769199/the-relevance-of-cortical-lesions-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Olivia Geisseler, Tobias Pflugshaupt, Ladina Bezzola, Katja Reuter, David Weller, Bernhard Schuknecht, Peter Brugger, Michael Linnebank
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that cortical lesions in multiple sclerosis (MS) substantially contribute to clinical disease severity. The present study aimed at investigating clinical, neuroanatomical, and cognitive correlates of these cortical lesions with a novel approach, i.e. by comparing two samples of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients, one group with and the other without cortical lesions. METHODS: High-resolution structural MRI was acquired from 42 RRMS patients and 43 controls (HC)...
October 21, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765457/a-machine-learning-tool-for-re-planning-and-adaptive-rt-a-multicenter-cohort-investigation
#14
G Guidi, N Maffei, B Meduri, E D'Angelo, G M Mistretta, P Ceroni, A Ciarmatori, A Bernabei, S Maggi, M Cardinali, V E Morabito, F Rosica, S Malara, A Savini, G Orlandi, C D'Ugo, F Bunkheila, M Bono, S Lappi, C Blasi, F Lohr, T Costi
PURPOSE: To predict patients who would benefit from adaptive radiotherapy (ART) and re-planning intervention based on machine learning from anatomical and dosimetric variations in a retrospective dataset. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 90 patients (pts) treated for head-neck cancer (H&N) formed a multicenter data-set. 41 H&N pts (45.6%) were considered for learning; 49 pts (54.4%) were used to test the tool. A homemade machine-learning classifier was developed to analyze volume and dose variations of parotid glands (PG)...
October 17, 2016: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760794/evolutionary-insights-into-taste-perception-of-the-invasive-pest-drosophila-suzukii
#15
Cristina M Crava, Sukania Ramasamy, Lino Ometto, Gianfranco Anfora, Omar Rota-Stabelli
Chemosensory perception allows insects to interact with the environment by perceiving odorant or tastant molecules; genes encoding chemoreceptors are the molecular interface between the environment and the insect, and play a central role in mediating its chemosensory behavior. Here we explore how the evolution of these genes in the emerging pest Drosophila suzukii correlates with the peculiar ecology of this species. We annotated approximately 130 genes coding for gustatory receptors (GRs) and divergent ionotropic receptors (dIRs) in D...
October 19, 2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759981/validity-and-reliability-of-beverage-intake-questionnaire-evaluating-hydration-status
#16
Efsun Kaabudak, Eda Koksal
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation is to test the validity and reliability the assessment methods for the true beverage consumption of adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out 291 healthy volunteers. The beverage intake questionnaire (BIQ) was prepared in combination with a new one which is developed based on basic principles and the existing one developed for the beverages consumed the most with respect to frequency and amount by Turkish populations...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756822/dirigent-protein-mode-of-action-revealed-by-the-crystal-structure-of-atdir6
#17
Raphael Gasper, Isabelle Effenberger, Piotr Kolesinski, Barbara Terlecka, Eckhard Hofmann, Andreas Schaller
Dirigent proteins impart stereoselectivity to phenoxy radical coupling reactions in plants and, thus, play an essential role in the biosynthesis of biologically active natural products. This includes the regioselective and enantioselective coupling and subsequent cyclization of two coniferyl alcohol radicals to pinoresinol as the committed step of lignan biosynthesis. The reaction is controlled by dirigent proteins, which, depending on the species and protein, direct the reaction to either (+)- or (-)-pinoresinol...
December 2016: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709071/black-blood-t1rho-mr-imaging-may-diagnose-early-stage-liver-fibrosis-a-proof-of-principle-study-with-rat-biliary-duct-ligation-model
#18
Chi-Man Koon, Xin Zhang, Weitian Chen, Eagle Siu Hong Chu, Clara Bik San Lau, Yì-Xiáng J Wáng
BACKGROUND: To explore black blood T1rho (T1ρ) liver imaging and investigate the earliest stage when biliary duct ligation (BDL) induced liver fibrosis can be diagnosed. METHODS: MR was performed at 3 Tesla. A T1ρ prepared 2D fast spin echo (FSE) sequence with acquisition of four spin lock times (TSLs: 1, 10, 30, and 50 msec) and spin-lock frequency of 500 Hz was applied. Inherent black blood effect of FSE and double inversion recovery (DIR) achieved blood signal suppression, and 3 axial sections per liver were obtained...
August 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703806/schoolchildren-with-learning-difficulties-have-low-iron-status-and-high-anemia-prevalence
#19
F P N Arcanjo, C P C Arcanjo, P R Santos
Background. In developing countries there is high prevalence of iron deficiency anemia, which reduces cognitive performance, work performance, and endurance; it also causes learning difficulties and negative impact on development for infant population. Methods. The study concerns a case-control study; data was collected from an appropriate sample consisting of schoolchildren aged 8 years. The sample was divided into two subgroups: those with deficient initial reading skills (DIRS) (case) and those without (control)...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698248/in-vivo-detection-of-connectivity-between-cortical-and-white-matter-lesions-in-early-ms
#20
Jan-Mendelt Tillema, Stephen D Weigand, Jay Mandrekar, Yunhong Shu, Claudia F Lucchinetti, Istvan Pirko, John D Port
BACKGROUND: The relationship between cortical lesions (CLs) and white matter lesions (WMLs) in multiple sclerosis (MS) is poorly understood. Pathological studies support a topographical association between CLs and underlying subcortical WMLs and suggest CLs may play a role in both disease initiation and progression. We hypothesized that cortical MS lesions are physically connected to white matter MS lesions via axonal connections. OBJECTIVE: To assess the presence of CL-WML connectivity utilizing novel magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methodology...
October 3, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
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