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Futoshi Matsushita, Hirotaka Kida, Ken-Ichi Tabei, Chizuru Nakano, Keita Matsuura, Yuichiro Ii, Ryogen Sasaki, Akira Taniguchi, Yugo Narita, Masayuki Maeda, Masayuki Satoh, Hidekazu Tomimoto
Introduction: This study aims to investigate the association between the presence and frequency of cortical lesions (CLs), and the clinical and psychological features of multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods: A total of 19 patients with MS were examined using double inversion recovery (DIR) sequences with 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and classified into two groups: CL and non-CL. In-house software was used to quantitatively determine the atrophy of each brain region...
March 2018: Brain and Behavior
Rui Huang, Jiawei Li, Dereje Kebebe, Yumei Wu, Bing Zhang, Zhidong Liu
Tumor-targeted delivery is considered a crucial component of current anticancer drug development and is the best approach to increase the efficacy and reduce the toxicity. Nanomedicine, particularly ligand-based nanoparticles have shown a great potential for active targeting of tumor. Cell penetrating peptide is one of the promising ligands in a targeted cancer therapy. In this study, the gambogic acid-loaded nanostructured lipid carrier (GA-NLC) was modified with two kinds of cell penetrating peptides (cRGD and RGERPPR)...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Vikas Gupta, Yibing Wang, Alejandra Méndez Romero, Andriy Myronenko, Petr Jordan, Calvin Maurer, Ben Heijmen, Mischa Hoogeman
PURPOSE: To validate a novel deformable image registration (DIR) method for online adaptation of planning organ-at-risk (OAR) delineations to match daily anatomy during hypo-fractionated RT of abdominal tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For 20 liver cancer patients, planning OAR delineations were adapted to daily anatomy using the DIR on corresponding repeat CTs. The DIR's accuracy was evaluated for the entire cohort by comparing adapted and expert-drawn OAR delineations using geometric (Dice Similarity Coefficient (DSC), Modified Hausdorff Distance (MHD) and Mean Surface Error (MSE)) and dosimetric (Dmax and Dmean ) measures...
March 8, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Gulzar Ahmad, Florence Gattacecca, Rana El Sadda, Galina Botchkina, Iwao Ojima, James Egan, Mansoor Amiji
PURPOSE: The main purpose of this study was to formulate an oil-in-water nanoemulsion of a next generation taxoid DHA-SBT-1214 and evaluate its biodistribution and pharmacokinetics. METHODS: DHA-SBT-1214 was encapsulated in a fish oil containing nanoemulsion using a high pressure homogenization method. Following morphological characterization of the nanoemulsions, qualitative and quantitative biodistribution was evaluated in naïve and cancer stem cell-enriched PPT-2 human prostate tumor bearing mice...
March 8, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
Jianmin Yuan, Andrew J Patterson, Pascal P R Ruetten, Scott A Reid, Jonathan H Gillard, Martin J Graves
PURPOSE: This study is to compare the accuracy of four different black-blood T2 mapping sequences in carotid vessel wall. METHODS: Four different black-blood T2 mapping sequences were developed and tested through phantom experiments and 17 healthy volunteers. The four sequences were: 1) double inversion-recovery (DIR) prepared 2D multi-echo spin-echo (MESE); 2) DIR-prepared 2D multi-echo fast spin-echo (MEFSE); 3) improved motion-sensitized driven-equilibrium (iMSDE) prepared 3D FSE and 4) iMSDE prepared 3D fast spoiled gradient echo (FSPGR)...
March 8, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
Sergei A Filichkin, Michael Hamilton, Palitha D Dharmawardhana, Sunil K Singh, Christopher Sullivan, Asa Ben-Hur, Anireddy S N Reddy, Pankaj Jaiswal
Abiotic stresses affect plant physiology, development, growth, and alter pre-mRNA splicing. Western poplar is a model woody tree and a potential bioenergy feedstock. To investigate the extent of stress-regulated alternative splicing (AS), we conducted an in-depth survey of leaf, root, and stem xylem transcriptomes under drought, salt, or temperature stress. Analysis of approximately one billion of genome-aligned RNA-Seq reads from tissue- or stress-specific libraries revealed over fifteen millions of novel splice junctions...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Hoda Sharifi, Hong Zhang, Hassan Bagher Ebadian, Wei Lu, Munther I Ajlouni, Jian-Yue Jin, Feng-Ming Spring Kong, Indrin J Chetty, Hualiang Zhong
Tumor response to radiation treatment (RT) can be evaluated from changes in metabolic activity between two positron emission tomography (PET) images. Activity changes at individual voxels in pre-treatment PET images (PET1), however, cannot be derived until their associated PET-CT (CT1) images are appropriately registered to during-treatment PET-CT (CT2) images. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of using deformable image registration (DIR) techniques to quantify radiation-induced metabolic changes on PET images...
February 26, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Michael MacFarlane, Daniel Wong, Douglas A Hoover, Eugene Wong, Carol Johnson, Jerry J Battista, Jeff Z Chen
PURPOSE: In this work, we propose a new method of calibrating cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data sets for radiotherapy dose calculation and plan assessment. The motivation for this patient-specific calibration (PSC) method is to develop an efficient, robust, and accurate CBCT calibration process that is less susceptible to deformable image registration (DIR) errors. METHODS: Instead of mapping the CT numbers voxel-by-voxel with traditional DIR calibration methods, the PSC methods generates correlation plots between deformably registered planning CT and CBCT voxel values, for each image slice...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Kyle R Padgett, Radka Stoyanova, Sara Pirozzi, Perry Johnson, Jon Piper, Nesrin Dogan, Alan Pollack
PURPOSE: Validating deformable multimodality image registrations is challenging due to intrinsic differences in signal characteristics and their spatial intensity distributions. Evaluating multimodality registrations using these spatial intensity distributions is also complicated by the fact that these metrics are often employed in the registration optimization process. This work evaluates rigid and deformable image registrations of the prostate in between diagnostic-MRI and radiation treatment planning-CT by utilizing a planning-MRI after fiducial marker placement as a surrogate...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Roberto Berenguer, Victoria de la Vara, Veronica Lopez-Honrubia, Ana Teresa Nuñez, Miguel Rivera, Maria Victoria Villas, Sebastia Sabater
PURPOSE: To analyse the influence of the image registration method on the adaptive radiotherapy of an IMRT prostate treatment, and to compare the dose accumulation according to 3 different image registration methods with the planned dose. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The IMRT prostate patient was CT imaged 3 times throughout his treatment. The prostate, PTV, rectum and bladder were segmented on each CT. A Rigid, a deformable (DIR) B-spline and a DIR with landmarks registration algorithms were employed...
January 2018: Physica Medica: PM
Imad Ali, Nesreen Alsbou, Justin Jaskowiak, Salahuddin Ahmad
The goal of this project is to investigate quantitatively the performance of different deformable image registration algorithms (DIR) with helical (HCT), axial (ACT), and cone-beam CT (CBCT). The variations in the CT-number values and lengths of well-known targets moving with controlled motion were evaluated. Four DIR algorithms: Demons, Fast-Demons, Horn-Schunck and Lucas-Kanade were used to register intramodality CT images of a mobile phantom scanned with different imaging techniques. The phantom had three water-equivalent targets inserted in a low-density foam with different lengths (10-40 mm) and moved with adjustable motion amplitudes (0-20 mm) and frequencies (0-0...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Jea-Young Lee, Roger Lin, Hung Nguyen, M Grant Liska, Trenton Lippert, Yuji Kaneko, Cesar V Borlongan
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) displays cognitive and motor symptoms following the initial injury which can be exacerbated by secondary cell death. Aging contributes significantly to the morbidity of TBI, with higher rates of negative neurological and behaviors outcomes. In the recent study, young and aged animals were injected intravenously with human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADSCs) (Tx), conditioned media (CM), or vehicle (unconditioned media) following TBI. The beneficial effects of hADSCs were analyzed using various molecular and behavioral techniques...
February 15, 2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Chiara Paganelli, Danny Lee, John Kipritidis, Brendan Whelan, Peter B Greer, Guido Baroni, Marco Riboldi, Paul Keall
INTRODUCTION: In-room MRI is a promising image guidance strategy in external beam radiotherapy to acquire volumetric information for moving targets. However, limitations in spatio-temporal resolution led several authors to use 2D orthogonal images for guidance. The aim of this work is to present a method to concurrently compensate for non-rigid tumour motion and provide an approach for 3D reconstruction from 2D orthogonal cine-MRI slices for MRI-guided treatments. METHODS: Free-breathing sagittal/coronal interleaved 2D cine-MRI were acquired in addition to a pre-treatment 3D volume in two patients...
February 11, 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Golnar Dorraj, Simin Dadashzadeh, Mohammad Erfan, Hamid Reza Moghimi
Nanoparticles (NPs) suffer from rapid clearance from body and require frequent dosing if long treatment is required. In order to solve this problem for solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) and prolong their action, SLNs were incorporated into thermo-responsive Poloxamer sol-gels and their fate was investigated in-vivo and in-vitro using a near infrared lipophilic fluorescent dye; dialkylcarbocyanin (1). Leakage test, release of intact SLNs from sol-gel and SLN size and zeta potential were investigated. Biodistribution of DiR formulations (solution, free SLN and SLN-Gel) were investigated by whole-body and ex-vivo organ imaging after intraperitoneal injection in mice...
January 31, 2018: Current Drug Delivery
Markus Riehl, Meike Harms, Henrike Lucas, Thomas Ebensen, Carlos A Guzmán, Karsten Mäder
The present in-vivo study investigated the behavior and performance of differently charged poly(lactic‑co‑glycolic) acid microparticles (PLGA MP) as vaccination platform. For this purpose, particles loaded with Ovalbumin (OVA) as model antigen were subcutaneously (s.c.) injected in SKH1 mice. The utilized SKH1 hairless mice exhibit a fully operative immune system and allow parallel imaging investigations due to the lack of hair. Usage of this species enabled the combination of two investigations within a single study protocol, namely noninvasive in-vivo imaging and immune responses directed towards the antigen...
February 2, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Allyson L Dir, Elizabeth N Riley, Melissa A Cyders, Gregory T Smith
Sexual assault is a major public health concern and college women are four times more likely to experience sexual assault than any other group. We investigated whether sexting is a mechanism by which alcohol use increases risk for college women to be targeted for sexual assault. We hypothesized that sexting would mediate the relationship between problem drinking and sexual assault, such that drinking (T1 = beginning fall semester) would contribute to increased sexting (T2 = end fall semester), and in turn increase the risk of being targeted for sexual assault (T3 = end spring semester)...
February 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Vikas Gupta, Jonas Lantz, Lilian Henriksson, Jan Engvall, Matts Karlsson, Anders Persson, Tino Ebbers
BACKGROUND: Assessment of myocardial deformation from time-resolved cardiac computed tomography (4D CT) would augment the already available functional information from such an examination without incurring any additional costs. A deformable image registration (DIR) based approach is proposed to allow fast and automatic myocardial tracking in clinical 4D CT images. METHODS: Left ventricular myocardial tissue displacement through a cardiac cycle was tracked using a B-spline transformation based DIR...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Aiping Zhang, Jianbin Li, Heng Qiu, Wei Wang, Yanluan Guo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the geometric differences in gross tumor volume (GTV) and surgical clips propagated by rigid image registration (RIR) and deformable image registration (DIR) using a four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) image data set for patients treated with boost irradiation or accelerated partial breast irradiation after breast-conserving surgery (BCS). METHODS: The 4DCT data sets of 44 patients who had undergone BCS were acquired...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Bo Gao, Dan Shen, Cai Chen, Saisai Wang, Kunlun Yang, Wei Chen, Wei Wang, Li Zhang, Chengyi Song
In this study, the mobilomes of nine teleost species were annotated by bioinformatics methods. Both of the mobilome size and constitute displayed a significant difference in 9 species of teleost fishes. The species of mobilome content ranking from high to low were zebrafish, medaka, tilapia, coelacanth, platyfish, cod, stickleback, tetradon and fugu. Mobilome content and genome size were positively correlated. The DNA transposons displayed higher diversity and larger variation in teleost (0.50% to 38.37%), was a major determinant of differences in teleost mobilomes, and hAT and Tc/Mariner superfamily were the major DNA transposons in teleost...
January 25, 2018: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Tengku Mardhiah Tengku Jalal, Sarimah Abdullah, Farhanah Abd Wahab, Sharina Dir, Nyi Nyi Naing
Background: One of the six strategies developed by WHO, in order to stop Tuberculosis (TB) is addressing TB/HIV high-risk groups. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of successful TB treatment and factors associated with TB treatment success among TB/HIV co-infection patients in North-East Malaysia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the a-year period from 2003 to 2012 by reviewing TB/HIV records in all hospitals and health clinics. The outcome of interest was treatment success as defined by Ministry of Health (MOH) when the patients was cured or completed TB treatment...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
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