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S Castellani, A Trapani, A Spagnoletta, L di Toma, T Magrone, S Di Gioia, D Mandracchia, G Trapani, E Jirillo, M Conese
BACKGROUND: Chronic respiratory diseases, whose one of the hallmarks is oxidative stress, are still incurable and need novel therapeutic tools and pharmaceutical agents. The phenolic compounds contained in grape are endowed with well-recognized anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and anti-aging activities. Considering that natural anti-oxidants, such as proanthocyanidins, have poor water solubility and oral bioavailability, we have developed a drug delivery system based on solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN), apt to encapsulate grape seed extract (GSE), containing proanthocyanidins...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
Yang Li, Huabing Zhang, Yilin Chen, Jinyuan Ma, Jinyan Lin, Yinying Zhang, Zhongxiong Fan, Guanghao Su, Liya Xie, Xuan Zhu, Zhenqing Hou
Combinational cancer therapy has been considered as a promising strategy to achieve synergetic therapeutic effects and suppression of multidrug resistance. Herein, we adopted a combination of methotrexate (MTX), an antimetabolite acting on cytoplasm, and 10-hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT), an alkaloid acting on nuclei, to treat cancer. Given the different solubilities, membrane permeabilities, and anticancer mechanisms of both drugs, we developed a dual-targeting delivery system based on 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-hyaluronic acid (a principal ligand of CD44 receptors)-MTX (a selective ligand of folate receptors) nanoparticles, which was exploited to carry HCPT-MTX conjugate for synergistically boosting dual-drug co-delivery...
May 22, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Yibing Wang, Steven F Petit, Eliana Vasquez Osorio, Vikas Gupta, Alejandra Méndez Romero, Ben J M Heijmen
In the abdomen, it is challenging to assess the accuracy of deformable image registration (DIR) for individual patients, due to the lack of clear anatomical landmarks, which can hamper clinical applications that require high accuracy DIR, such as adaptive radiotherapy. In this study, we propose and evaluate a methodology for estimating the impact of uncertainties in DIR on calculated accumulated dose in the upper abdomen, in order to aid decision making in adaptive treatment approaches. 
 Sixteen liver metastasis patients treated with SBRT were evaluated...
May 17, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Giuliano Grignaschi, Veronica Redaelli, Fabio Luzi, Massenzio Fornasier
The coming into force of the 2010/63/EU (Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2010) Standard, regarding the protection of animals used for scientific purposes, has made it mandatory for all establishments breeding, supplying, and using said animals to have an Animal Welfare Body (AWB). The establishment of a body such as the AWB represents a strong innovation compared to previous regulations (Dir. 86/609/CEE). Building from the key concept of the 3 Rs, European Community legislators acknowledged that the effective safeguard of animal welfare depends in large part on the professional skills of personnel in charge of their care and use...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Cyrielle Corbin, Samantha Drouet, Lucija Markulin, Daniel Auguin, Éric Lainé, Laurence B Davin, John R Cort, Norman G Lewis, Christophe Hano
Identification of DIR encoding genes in flax genome. Analysis of phylogeny, gene/protein structures and evolution. Identification of new conserved motifs linked to biochemical functions. Investigation of spatio-temporal gene expression and response to stress. Dirigent proteins (DIRs) were discovered during 8-8' lignan biosynthesis studies, through identification of stereoselective coupling to afford either (+)- or (-)-pinoresinols from E-coniferyl alcohol. DIRs are also involved or potentially involved in terpenoid, allyl/propenyl phenol lignan, pterocarpan and lignin biosynthesis...
April 30, 2018: Plant Molecular Biology
Xi Cheng, Xueqiang Su, Abdullah Muhammad, Manli Li, Jinyun Zhang, Yanming Sun, Guohui Li, Qing Jin, Yongping Cai, Yi Lin
Stone cells content and size are the key factors determining the internal quality of the pear fruit. Synthesis of lignin and thickening of secondary cell wall are the keys to the development of stone cells. The polymerization of monolignols and secondary cell wall formation requires the participation of dirigent proteins (DIRs). In recent years, DIR family have been studied in higher plants, but lack of comprehensive study in the pear DIR ( PbDIR ) family. This study focuses on the identification and analysis of PbDIR family for the first time...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Tina R Goldstein, John Merranko, Megan Krantz, Matthew Garcia, Peter Franzen, Jessica Levenson, David Axelson, Boris Birmaher, Ellen Frank
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pilot randomized trial of Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy plus Data-Informed Referral (IPSRT + DIR) versus DIR-alone for adolescents at-risk for bipolar disorder (BP). METHOD: Eligible participants included youth (12-18) with a BP parent; youth with BP were excluded. Participants (n = 42) were randomized to receive IPSRT + DIR to treat any psychiatric disorders present at baseline, or DIR-alone. A blind evaluator assessed outcomes at baseline, 3- and 6-months...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
L Herpin, E Bichon, L Rambaud, F Monteau, B Le Bizec
β-agonistic drugs have been forbidden as growth promoters in rearing animals in Europe since the late 1980s (Dir 96/22/EC). Specific and sensitive analytical methods based on UHPLC-MS/MS allow to monitor a large set of these substances. However, optimal performances are not observed for all the target analytes, especially for those exhibiting the highest polarities. We developed an SFC-MS/MS approach to cover the huge elution window of β-agonists, from the most polar which are usually eluted in the void volume when using reversed phase chromatography in conventional HPLC to the most apolar ones...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Chengbo Ren, Tianlong Ji, Tingting Liu, Jun Dang, Guang Li
BACKGROUND: Thoracic reirradiation (re-RT) is increasingly administered. However, radiation pneumonitis (RP) remains to be the most common side effect from retreatment. This study aimed to determine the risk and predictors for severe RP in patients receiving thoracic re-RT. METHODS: Sixty seven patients with lung cancer received thoracic re-RT for recurrent or metastatic disease. Three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT)/intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) was used for 60 patients, and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) was used in 7 patients...
April 16, 2018: Radiation Oncology
Noah Stern, Jacqueline Mejia, Shaomei He, Yu Yang, Matthew Ginder-Vogel, Eric E Roden
Dissimilatory iron-reducing bacteria (DIRB) are known to use humic substances (HS) as electron shuttles for dissimilatory iron reduction (DIR) by transferring electrons to HS-quinone moieties, which in turn rapidly reduce Fe(III) oxides. It has also been proposed that certain components of HS can be mineralized by microorganisms. However, the potential for HS to serve a source of organic carbon (OC) that fuels DIR is unknown. We studied whether isolated humic acids (HA) and humins (HM) could serve as both electron shuttles and electron donors for DIR by freshwater sediment microorganisms...
April 16, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Abid Khan, Ru-Jian Li, Jian-Tian Sun, Fang Ma, Huai-Xia Zhang, Jing-Hao Jin, Muhammad Ali, Saeed Ul Haq, Jun-E Wang, Zhen-Hui Gong
The dirigent (DIR and DIR-like) proteins involved in lignification, play a pivotal role against biotic and abiotic stresses in plants. However, no information is available about DIR gene family in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). In this study, 24 putative dirigent genes (CaDIRs) were identified, their gene structure, genome location, gene duplication and phylogenetic relationship were elucidated. Tissue-specific expression analysis displayed the highest transcription levels in flower, stem and leaf. Some CaDIRs were up-regulated by virulent (CaDIR2, 3, 6, 7, 11, 14, 16, 22 and 23) and avirulent (CaDIR3, 5, 7, 16, 20, 22, 23 and 24) Phytophthora capsici strains, as well as by Methyl jasmonate, salicylic acid, NaCl and mannitol stresses...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
Swamidas V Jamema, Reena Phurailatpam, Siji N Paul, Kishore Joshi, D D Deshpande
PURPOSE: To report the commissioning and validation of deformable image registration(DIR) software for adaptive contouring. METHODS: DIR (SmartAdapt®v13.6) was validated using two methods namely contour propagation accuracy and landmark tracking, using physical phantoms and clinical images of various disease sites. Five in-house made phantoms with various known deformations and a set of 10 virtual phantoms were used. Displacement in lateral, anterio-posterior (AP) and superior-inferior (SI) direction were evaluated for various organs and compared with the ground truth...
March 2018: Physica Medica: PM
Nik Mogadas, Thilo Sothmann, Tobias Knopp, Tobias Gauer, Cordula Petersen, René Werner
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of deformable image registration approaches on correspondence model-based 4D dose simulation in extracranial SBRT by means of open source deformable image registration (DIR) frameworks. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Established DIR algorithms of six different open source DIR frameworks were considered and registration accuracy evaluated using freely available 4D image data. Furthermore, correspondence models (regression-based correlation of external breathing signal measurements and internal structure motion field) were built and model accuracy evaluated...
March 29, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Alireza Meshkin, Azadeh Shakery, Ali Masoudi-Nejad
In solving the gene prioritization problem, ranking candidate genes from most to least promising is attempted before further experimental validation. Integrating the results of various data sources and methods tends to result in a better performance when solving the gene prioritization problem. Therefore, a wide range of datasets and algorithms was investigated; these included topological features of protein networks, physicochemical characteristics and blast similarity scores of protein sequences, gene ontology, biological pathways, and tissue-based data sources...
March 28, 2018: Genomics
Christopher L Guy, Elisabeth Weiss, Gary E Christensen, Nuzhat Jan, Geoffrey D Hugo
PURPOSE: Locally-advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients may experience dramatic changes in anatomy during radiotherapy and could benefit from adaptive radiotherapy (ART). Deformable image registration (DIR) is necessary to accurately accumulate dose during plan adaptation, but current algorithms perform poorly in the presence of large geometric changes, namely atelectasis resolution. The goal of this work is to develop a DIR framework, named Consistent Anatomy in Lung Parametric imagE Registration (CALIPER), to handle large geometric changes in the thorax...
March 30, 2018: Medical Physics
Antonio Ardizzone, Siarhei Kurhuzenkau, Sílvia Illa-Tuset, Jordi Faraudo, Mykhailo Bondar, David Hagan, Eric W Van Stryland, Anna Painelli, Cristina Sissa, Natalia Feiner, Lorenzo Albertazzi, Jaume Veciana, Nora Ventosa
A new kind of fluorescent organic nanoparticles (FONs) is obtained using quatsomes (QSs), a family of nanovesicles proposed as scaffolds for the nanostructuration of commercial lipophilic carbocyanines (1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethyl-indocarbocyanine perchlorate (DiI), 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethyl-indodicarbocyanine perchlorate (DiD), and 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethyl-indotricarbocyanine iodide (DiR)) in aqueous media. The obtained FONs, prepared by a CO2 -based technology, show excellent colloidal- and photostability, outperforming other nanoformulations of the dyes, and improve the optical properties of the fluorophores in water...
March 24, 2018: Small
Cássia O Ribeiro, Antje Knopf, Johannes A Langendijk, Damien C Weber, Antony J Lomax, Ye Zhang
PURPOSE: Respiratory impacts in pencil beam scanned proton therapy (PBS-PT) are accounted by extensive 4D dose calculations, where deformable image registration (DIR) is necessary for estimating deformation vector fields (DVFs). We aim here to evaluate the dosimetric errors induced by different DIR algorithms in their resulting 4D dose calculations by using ground truth(GT)-DVFs from 4DMRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six DIR methods: ANACONDA, Morfeus, B-splines, Demons, CT Deformable, and Total Variation, were respectively applied to nine 4DCT-MRI liver data sets...
March 20, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Di Li, Lin-Lin Song, Juan Wang, Chao Meng, Xiao-Guang Cui
Adiponectin (APN) has been associated with the pathogenesis of acute brain, liver and heart injury. However, the role of APN in lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (LIRI) in diabetes mellitus remains unclear. To investigate this, the present study evaluated the effects of APN on lung dysfunction and pathological alterations in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus via lung ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). The lung‑protective effects of APN globular domain (gAPN) in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus were also investigated by measuring the oxygenation index, inflammatory cytokines, lung edema, histopathology, oxidative stress, apoptosis and the protein expression levels of phosphorylated 5'adenosine monophosphate‑activated protein kinase (p‑AMPK), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)...
May 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Futoshi Matsushita, Hirotaka Kida, Ken-Ichi Tabei, Chizuru Nakano, Keita Matsuura, Yuichiro Ii, Ryogen Sasaki, Akira Taniguchi, Yugo Narita, Masayuki Maeda, Masayuki Satoh, Hidekazu Tomimoto
Introduction: This study aims to investigate the association between the presence and frequency of cortical lesions (CLs), and the clinical and psychological features of multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods: A total of 19 patients with MS were examined using double inversion recovery (DIR) sequences with 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and classified into two groups: CL and non-CL. In-house software was used to quantitatively determine the atrophy of each brain region...
March 2018: Brain and Behavior
Rui Huang, Jiawei Li, Dereje Kebebe, Yumei Wu, Bing Zhang, Zhidong Liu
Tumor-targeted delivery is considered a crucial component of current anticancer drug development and is the best approach to increase the efficacy and reduce the toxicity. Nanomedicine, particularly ligand-based nanoparticles have shown a great potential for active targeting of tumor. Cell penetrating peptide is one of the promising ligands in a targeted cancer therapy. In this study, the gambogic acid-loaded nanostructured lipid carrier (GA-NLC) was modified with two kinds of cell penetrating peptides (cRGD and RGERPPR)...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
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