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handwriting intervention

Ambra Bisio, Ludovico Pedullà, Laura Bonzano, Piero Ruggeri, Giampaolo Brichetto, Marco Bove
Writing is a means of communication which requires complex motor, perceptual, and cognitive skills. If one of these abilities gets lost following traumatic events or due to neurological diseases, handwriting could deteriorate. Occupational therapy practitioners provide rehabilitation services for people with impaired handwriting. However, to determine the effectiveness of handwriting interventions no studies assessed whether the proposed treatments improved the kinematics of writing movement or had an effect at the level of the central nervous system...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Arielle M Fisher, Michael Q Ding, Harry Hochheiser, Gerald P Douglas
BACKGROUND: Free and charitable clinics are a critical part of America's healthcare safety net. Although informatics tools have the potential to mitigate many of the organizational and service-related challenges facing these clinics, little research attention has been paid to the workflows and potential impact of electronic systems in these settings. In previous work, we performed a qualitative investigation at a free clinic dispensary to identify workflow challenges that may be alleviated through introduction of informatics interventions...
September 29, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Sandra Patton, Eve Hutton
BACKGROUND: The active involvement of parents and children in goal setting and intervention is integral to contemporary occupational therapy process models. However, parental perspectives on collaborative handwriting intervention are limited. This paper presents parental perspectives on a three-way collaboration involving teachers, parents and an occupational therapist in the application of Handwriting Without Tears(®) (HWT(®) ) with children with Down syndrome. METHODS: Within a larger mixed methods study, 44 parents completed purpose-designed questionnaires and six parents participated in a focus group, post 8 months of programme implementation...
August 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Ming-De Chen, Yu-Hsin Kuo, Yen-Ching Chang, Su-Ting Hsu, Chang-Chih Kuo, Jyh-Jong Chang
Cognitive impairment is one of the core features of schizophrenia. This study examined the influences of an aerobic dance programme on the cognitive functions of people with schizophrenia. A quasi-experimental matched-control design was applied. The experimental group (n = 17) participated in a 60-minute aerobic dance group class three times a week for 3 months. The control group (n = 19) participated in colouring and handwriting activities. Cognitive functions were measured before and after the interventions for both groups...
July 1, 2016: Occupational Therapy International
Sheryl Eckberg Zylstra, Beth Pfeiffer
OBJECTIVE: We examined the effectiveness of an occupational therapist-led handwriting intervention for special education and at-risk kindergarteners. METHOD: We incorporated a two-group, pretest-posttest design. Both groups consisted of kindergarteners receiving individualized education program (IEP) or Response to Intervention (RtI) support. An occupational therapist provided biweekly group handwriting instruction using the Size Matters Handwriting Program to students in the intervention group (n = 23)...
May 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Adel A Alhusaini, Ganeswara Rao Melam, Syamala Buragadda
BACKGROUND: Children with handwriting problems can land up with problem lifelong, thereby affecting his academics and career ahead. Sensorimotor intervention therefore helps to alleviate the problem. METHODS: Thirty-one (n = 31) students (16 boys, 15 girls) were sorted using a Minnesota handwriting Assessment kit (MHA) which assesses legibility, form, alignment, size, and spacing (the primary variables in this subject) as well as rate. Finally, 10 students (7boys, 3 girls) aged 6-8 years [M = 77...
April 16, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Hee Young Kim
[Purpose] This study was designed to identify factors influencing handwriting articulation based on the international classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF) and to recommend effective evaluation and intervention strategies to improve the handwriting of children with cerebral palsy. [Subjects] The subjects were 96 elementary school children with cerebral palsy and the study was conducted from 04/07/2011 to 29/08/2011. [Methods] Factors related to handwriting articulation were investigated based on the ICF model...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Katy A Shire, Liam J B Hill, Winona Snapp-Childs, Geoffrey P Bingham, Georgios K Kountouriotis, Sally Barber, Mark Mon-Williams
Motor deficits are linked to a range of negative physical, social and academic consequences. Haptic robotic interventions, based on the principles of sensorimotor learning, have been shown previously to help children with motor problems learn new movements. We therefore examined whether the training benefits of a robotic system would generalise to a standardised test of 'pen-skills', assessed using objective kinematic measures [via the Clinical Kinematic Assessment Tool, CKAT]. A counterbalanced, cross-over design was used in a group of 51 children (37 male, aged 5-11 years) with manual control difficulties...
2016: PloS One
Naiqian Zhi, Beverly Jaeger, Andrew Gouldstone, Rifat Sipahi, Samuel Frank
Detection of changes in micrographia as a manifestation of symptomatic progression or therapeutic response in Parkinson's disease (PD) is challenging as such changes can be subtle. A computerized toolkit based on quantitative analysis of handwriting samples would be valuable as it could supplement and support clinical assessments, help monitor micrographia, and link it to PD. Such a toolkit would be especially useful if it could detect subtle yet relevant changes in handwriting morphology, thus enhancing resolution of the detection procedure...
January 18, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
Beth Pfeiffer, Gillian Rai, Tammy Murray, Eugene Brusilovskiy
The purpose of the research was to study changes in handwriting legibility among kindergarten, first- and second-grade students in response to the Size Matters curricular-based handwriting program. A two-group pre-post-test design was implemented at two public schools with half of the classrooms assigned to receive the Size Matters program and the other continuing to receive standard instruction. All participants completed two standardized handwriting measures at pre-test and after 40 instructional sessions were completed with the classes receiving the handwriting program...
April 2015: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Ashleigh Thornton, Melissa Licari, Siobhan Reid, Jodie Armstrong, Rachael Fallows, Catherine Elliott
INTRODUCTION: Children diagnosed with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) present with a variety of impairments in fine and gross motor function, which impact on their activity and participation in a variety of settings. This research aimed to determine if a 10-week group-based Cognitive Orientation to Daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) intervention improved outcome measures across the impairment, activity and participation levels of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework...
2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Beth Pfeiffer, Beverly Moskowitz, Andrew Paoletti, Eugene Brusilovskiy, Sheryl Eckberg Zylstra, Tammy Murray
We determined whether a widely used assessment of visual-motor skills, the Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (VMI), is appropriate for use as an outcome measure for handwriting interventions. A two-group pretest-posttest design was used with 207 kindergarten, first-grade, and second-grade students. Two well-established handwriting measures and the VMI were administered pre- and postintervention. The intervention group participated in the Size Matters Handwriting Program for 40 sessions, and the control group received standard instruction...
July 2015: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Natália Fusco, Giseli Donadon Germano, Simone Aparecida Capellini
PURPOSE: To verify the efficacy of a perceptual and visual-motor skill intervention program for students with dyslexia. METHODS: The participants were 20 students from third to fifth grade of a public elementary school in Marília, São Paulo, aged from 8 years to 11 years and 11 months, distributed into the following groups: Group I (GI; 10 students with developmental dyslexia) and Group II (GII; 10 students with good academic performance). A perceptual and visual-motor intervention program was applied, which comprised exercises for visual-motor coordination, visual discrimination, visual memory, visual-spatial relationship, shape constancy, sequential memory, visual figure-ground coordination, and visual closure...
March 2015: CoDAS
Bronwyn Simpson, Annie McCluskey, Natasha Lannin, Reinie Cordier
PURPOSE: To test the feasibility of a handwriting retraining program with adults after stroke; specifically the feasibility of: (i) recruiting people with stroke to the study, (ii) delivering the handwriting retraining program and (iii) outcome measures of handwriting performance. METHOD: A quasi-experimental pre-test post-test design was used. A four-week, home-based handwriting retraining program was delivered by an occupational therapist using task-specific practice...
2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Lynley V Bradnam, Lynton J Graetz, Michelle N McDonnell, Michael C Ridding
There is increasing evidence that the cerebellum has a role in the pathophysiology of primary focal hand dystonia and might provide an intervention target for non-invasive brain stimulation to improve function of the affected hand. The primary objective of this study was to determine if cerebellar transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) improves handwriting and cyclic drawing kinematics in people with hand dystonia, by reducing cerebellar-brain inhibition (CBI) evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)...
2015: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Melanie Joy Criss
This article discusses the use of telerehabilitation technologies in occupational therapy for school-based practice. Telerehabilitation, for the purpose of this program, included the implementation of occupational therapy services via two-way interactive videoconferencing technology. The subjects included in this pilot program were children, ages 6 to 11 years, who attended an online charter school and had difficulties in the areas of fine motor and/or visual motor skills which impacted success with handwriting...
2013: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
Kyung Rae Cho, Hong Rye Kim, Yong Seok Im, Jinyoung Youn, Jin Whan Cho, Jung-Il Lee
OBJECTIVE: Tremor is a common movement disorder that interferes with daily living. Since the medication for tremor has some limitations, surgical intervention is needed in many patients. In certain patients who cannot undergo aggressive surgical intervention, Gamma Knife thalamotomy (GKT) is a safe and effective alternative. METHODS: From June 2012 to August 2013, 7 patients with an intractable tremor underwent GKT. Four of these 7 patients had medical comorbidities, and 3 patients refused to undergo traditional surgery...
March 2015: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Ana Londral, Anabela Pinto, Susana Pinto, Luis Azevedo, Mamede De Carvalho
INTRODUCTION: In this study we performed a longitudinal investigation to assess the impact of early introduction of assistive communication devices (ACDs) on quality of life (QoL) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and their caregivers. METHODS: Patients were followed for 7-10 months (3 evaluation periods). Bulbar-onset ALS patients (N = 27) and paired caregivers (N = 17) were included. Fifteen randomly selected patients received early support in ACD use...
December 2015: Muscle & Nerve
Montserrat Alonso-Sardón, Helena Iglesias-de-Sena, María Sáez-Lorenzo, Antonio Javier Chamorro Fernández, Juan Salvat-Puig, José Antonio Mirón-Canelo
INTRODUCTION: An adequate certification of causes of death is essential for Public Health. The objective of this work is to improve the professional competence of medicine students and family doctors with regard to the certification of causes of death according to the international regulations of the WHO. METHODS: Intervention-formation, before and after design, addressed to students of Medicine in their last year (6th year), and Family Doctors and Interns. The blended learning or b-learning program consisted in an on-site seminar-workshop, plus basic information/documentation stored in an on-line platform, together with the preparation of Certificates of Causes of Death based on Clinical Histories of real cases...
January 2015: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Margo J van Hartingsveldt, Edith H C Cup, Jan C M Hendriks, Liesbeth de Vries, Imelda J M de Groot, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden
We investigated the predictive value of a new kindergarten assessment of handwriting readiness on handwriting performance in first grade as evaluated by the Systematic Screening for Handwriting Difficulties (Dutch abbreviation: SOS). The kindergarten assessment consisted of the Writing Readiness Inventory Tool In Context (WRITIC), the Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (Beery™VMI) and the Nine-Hole Peg Test (9-HPT). The WRITIC evaluates in kindergarten children (aged 5-6 years) prewriting skills, the Beery™VMI and 9-HPT evaluate visual motor integration and fine-motor coordination, all elements important for handwriting readiness...
October 16, 2014: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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