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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920537/chinese-handwriting-performance-in-preterm-children-in-grade-2
#1
Hui-Ning Shih, Wen-Hui Tsai, Shao-Hsia Chang, Chung-Ying Lin, Rong-Bin Hong, Yea-Shwu Hwang
BACKGROUND: First graders born prematurely perform poorly on handwriting speed and legibility. However, whether there are specific legibility factors in which preterm children demonstrate difficulty remains unknown. In addition, handwriting performance beyond the first grade and the influence of sex on handwriting performance in preterm children are still unclear. We aimed to investigate the influence of prematurity and sex on multiple dimensions of handwriting in grade two and to identify the contributors to performance...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875546/impact-of-handwriting-training-on-fluency-spelling-and-text-quality-among-third-graders
#2
Sibylle Hurschler Lichtsteiner, Werner Wicki, Péter Falmann
As recent studies and theoretical assumptions suggest that the quality of texts composed by children and adolescents is affected by their transcription skills, this experimental field trial aims at investigating the impact of combined handwriting/spelling training on fluency, spelling and text quality among normally developing 3rd graders (N = 175). In addition to the combined handwriting/spelling training group, the sample includes two other intervention groups, a handwriting training group and a spelling training group as well as a reading fluency training control group...
2018: Reading and Writing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845603/motor-function-daily-living-skills-5-years-after-paediatric-arterial-ischaemic-stroke-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#3
Anna N Cooper, Vicki Anderson, Mardee Greenham, Stephen Hearps, Rod W Hunt, Mark T Mackay, Michael Ditchfield, Lee Coleman, Paul Monagle, Anne L Gordon
AIM: To describe 5-year motor and functional outcomes after paediatric arterial ischaemic stroke (AIS) and to explore factors associated with poorer long-term outcome. METHOD: Thirty-three children (21 males, 12 females) with AIS were recruited to a single-site, cross-sectional study, from a previously reported prospective longitudinal stroke outcome study. Children were stratified according to age at diagnosis: neonates (≤30d), preschool (>30d-5y), and school age (≥5y)...
May 30, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749112/technology-enhanced-writing-therapy-for-people-with-aphasia-results-of-a-quasi-randomized-waitlist-controlled-study
#4
Jane Marshall, Anna Caute, Katie Chadd, Madeline Cruice, Katie Monnelly, Stephanie Wilson, Celia Woolf
BACKGROUND: Acquired writing impairment, or dysgraphia, is common in aphasia. It affects both handwriting and typing, and may recover less well than other aphasic symptoms. Dysgraphia is an increasing priority for intervention, particularly for those wishing to participate in online written communication. Effective dysgraphia treatment studies have been reported, but many did not target, or did not achieve, improvements in functional writing. Functional outcomes might be promoted by therapies that exploit digital technologies, such as voice recognition and word prediction software...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713237/effective-instruction-for-persisting-dyslexia-in-upper-grades-adding-hope-stories-and-computer-coding-to-explicit-literacy-instruction
#5
Robert Thompson, Steve Tanimoto, Ruby Dawn Lyman, Kira Geselowitz, Kristin Kawena Begay, Kathleen Nielsen, William Nagy, Robert Abbott, Marshall Raskind, Virginia Berninger
Children in grades 4 to 6 ( N =14) who despite early intervention had persisting dyslexia (impaired word reading and spelling) were assessed before and after computerized reading and writing instruction aimed at subword, word, and syntax skills shown in four prior studies to be effective for treating dyslexia. During the 12 two-hour sessions once a week after school they first completed HAWK Letters in Motion© for manuscript and cursive handwriting, HAWK Words in Motion© for phonological, orthographic, and morphological coding for word reading and spelling, and HAWK Minds in Motion© for sentence reading comprehension and written sentence composing...
May 2018: Education and information technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703122/prevalence-of-prescription-errors-in-general-practice-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#6
Fatemah O Kamel, Hebah A Alwafi, Mariyyah A Alshaghab, Zahrah M Almutawa, Lana A Alshawwa, Magda M Hagras, Yoon Soo Park, Ara S Tekian
PURPOSE: Prescription errors are a common cause of adverse drug events (ADEs). Recognizing ADEs can significantly contribute to the reduction of morbidity and mortality. This study aims to investigate the type and prevalence of errors in prescription writing, directed toward a needs assessment for developing educational interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in Jeddah community pharmacies (January-February 2016). A random sample of 117 prescriptions were reviewed and analyzed by community pharmacists for legibility and omission of the information in the prescription...
April 27, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689170/curriculum-based-handwriting-programs-a-systematic-review-with-effect-sizes
#7
Courtney Engel, Kristin Lillie, Sarah Zurawski, Brittany G Travers
Challenges with handwriting can have a negative impact on academic performance, and these challenges are commonly addressed by occupational therapy practitioners in school settings. This systematic review examined the efficacy of curriculum-based interventions to address children's handwriting difficulties in the classroom (preschool to second grade). We reviewed and computed effect sizes for 13 studies (11 Level II, 2 Level III) identified through a comprehensive database search. The evidence shows that curriculum-based handwriting interventions resulted in small- to medium-sized improvements in legibility, a commonly reported challenge in this age group...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689111/inter-relationships-between-objective-handwriting-features-and-executive-control-among-children-with-developmental-dysgraphia
#8
Sara Rosenblum
OBJECTIVE: To describe handwriting and executive control features and their inter-relationships among children with developmental dysgraphia, in comparison to controls. METHOD: Participants included 64 children, aged 10-12 years, 32 with dysgraphia based on the Handwriting Proficiency Screening Questionnaire (HPSQ) and 32 matched controls. Children copied a paragraph onto paper affixed to a digitizer that supplied handwriting process objective measures (Computerized Penmanship Evaluation Tool (ComPET)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440902/chinese-calligraphy-handwriting-cch-a-case-of-rehabilitative-awakening-of-a-coma-patient-after-stroke
#9
Henry Sr Kao, Stewart Pw Lam, Tin Tin Kao
Introduction: This study investigated the efficacy of Chinese calligraphy handwriting (CCH) for the awakening of patients under a vegetative state after stroke. The theories, the instrument, and the treatment protocols were reported. A single case of a severe stroke patient who was in a coma state for 2 years is presented in this study. The objectives were to apply finger writing as a new method to awaken a stroke patient in a coma state and to test the effect of this method in improving the patient's vegetative states over time...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403348/training-for-micrographia-alters-neural-connectivity-in-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Evelien Nackaerts, Jochen Michely, Elke Heremans, Stephan P Swinnen, Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman, Wim Vandenberghe, Christian Grefkes, Alice Nieuwboer
Despite recent advances in clarifying the neural networks underlying rehabilitation in Parkinson's disease (PD), the impact of prolonged motor learning interventions on brain connectivity in people with PD is currently unknown. Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare cortical network changes after 6 weeks of visually cued handwriting training (= experimental) with a placebo intervention to address micrographia, a common problem in PD. Twenty seven early Parkinson's patients on dopaminergic medication performed a pre-writing task in both the presence and absence of visual cues during behavioral tests and during fMRI...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355982/ipad-applications-that-required-a-range-of-motor-skills-promoted-motor-coordination-in-children-commencing-primary-school
#11
Caitlin Axford, Annette V Joosten, Courtenay Harris
BACKGROUND/AIM: Children are reported to spend less time engaged in outdoor activity and object-related play than in the past. The increased use and mobility of technology, and the ease of use of tablet devices are some of the factors that have contributed to these changes. Concern has been raised that the use of such screen and surface devices in very young children is reducing their fine motor skill development. We examined the effectiveness of iPad applications that required specific motor skills designed to improve fine motor skills...
April 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164435/written-expression-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#12
Elizabeth Finnegan, Amy L Accardo
Although studies exist measuring the effectiveness of writing interventions for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), research assessing the writing skills for this group is sparse. The present study identified differences in the written expression of individuals with ASD compared to typically developing (TD) peers, using variables selected from 13 different studies. Using Pearson Product Moment-correlation the relationship between the quality of research studies and the magnitude of the effect sizes was examined...
March 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161949/learning-letters-with-the-whole-body-visuomotor-versus-visual-teaching-in-kindergarten
#13
Florence Bara, Nathalie Bonneton-Botté
What constitutes effective teaching of letter learning in early school years is still uncertain. We assessed the impact of a teacher-implemented visuomotor intervention program to teach 5-year-olds' cursive letter knowledge. We compared a program in which letters were explored with the arm and whole body, with a typical visual training program. Children were tested before and after the intervention with different measures of letter knowledge. We showed a greater improvement in letter recognition following the visuomotor intervention, compared with the visual intervention...
February 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016576/quality-of-clinical-notes-lesson-learned-from-elective-surgery-patients-admitted-at-university-teaching-hospital
#14
Jay N Shah, Shantbir Maharjan, Shailendra Shah
BACKGROUND: Informative relevant documentation regarding course of treatment minimizes errors, provides data for evidence based practice and legality. However, the clinical notes are often inadequate. This study aims to analyse quality of structured clinical notes in surgical patients. METHODS: This cross sectional study from Oct 1, 2015 in department of surgery included 100 clinical notes randomly selected by lottery. The entries in notes were predefined. There were 29 general entries (nine for identification, eleven for admission details, eight for treatment progress, and one for handwriting)...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989267/the-impact-of-transcription-writing-interventions-for-first-grade-students
#15
Jeanne Wanzek, Brandy Gatlin, Stephanie Al Otaiba, Young-Suk Grace Kim
We examined the effects of transcription instruction for students in first grade. Students in the lowest 70% of the participating schools were selected for the study. These 81 students were randomly assigned to: (a) spelling instruction, (b) handwriting instruction, (c) combination spelling and handwriting instruction, or (d) no intervention. Intervention was provided in small groups of 4 students, 25 min a day, 4 days a week for 8 weeks. Students in the spelling condition outperformed the control group on spelling measures with moderate effect sizes noted on curriculum-based writing measures (e...
2017: Reading & Writing Quarterly: Overcoming Learning Difficulties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948860/understanding-handwriting-difficulties-a-comparison-of-children-with-and-without-motor-impairment
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mellissa Prunty, Anna L Barnett
The nature of handwriting difficulties have been explored in children with specific developmental disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the nature of handwriting difficulties in children with dysgraphia, a less studied group who have significant handwriting difficulties in the absence of motor control or cognitive difficulties. The performance of a dysgraphia group aged 8-14 years was compared to a group with Developmental Coordination Disorder and to typically developing (TD) controls. Participants completed two handwriting tasks on a digitizing writing tablet...
May 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670621/changes-in-dti-diffusivity-and-fmri-connectivity-cluster-coefficients-for-students-with-and-without-specific-learning-disabilities-in-written-language-brain-s-response-to-writing-instruction
#17
Todd L Richards, Virginia W Berninger, Kevin J Yagle, Robert D Abbott, Daniel J Peterson
Before and after computerized writing instruction, participants completed assessment with normed measures and DTI and fMRI connectivity scanning. Evidence-based differential diagnosis was used at time 1 to assign them to diagnostic groups: typical oral and written language (n=6), dysgraphia (impaired handwriting, n=10), dyslexia (impaired word spelling and reading, n=20), and OWL LD (impaired syntax construction, n=6). The instruction was aimed at subword letter writing, word spelling, and syntax composing...
April 2017: Journal of Nature and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576604/task-dependent-variability-of-essential-tremor
#18
Nicole Schuhmayer, Corinna Weber, Markus Kieler, Bernhard Voller, Walter Pirker, Eduard Auff, Dietrich Haubenberger
INTRODUCTION: In Essential Tremor (ET), tremor characteristics and the impairment caused by tremor may vary from task to task. A variability of tremor frequency between postural and kinetic tasks has been proposed in ET, suggesting either multiple central oscillating networks, or peripheral or proprioceptive feedback-mechanisms. This electrophysiological study aimed to assess tremor frequencies and amplitudes in tasks involving postural and kinetic tremor, and compare findings within and across tasks, to delineate physiological differences underlying individually affected manual tasks in ET...
August 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547999/a-long-term-self-managed-handwriting-intervention-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-results-from-the-control-group-of-a-phase-ii-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Johnny Collett, Marloes Franssen, Charlotte Winward, Hooshang Izadi, Andy Meaney, Wala Mahmoud, Marko Bogdanovic, Martin Tims, Derick Wade, Helen Dawes
OBJECTIVE: To report on the control group of a trial primarily designed to investigate exercise for improving mobility in people with Parkinson's disease (pwP). The control group undertook a handwriting intervention to control for attention and time spent practising a specific activity. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a two-arm parallel phase II randomized controlled trial with blind assessment. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: PwP able to walk ⩾100 m and with no contraindication to exercise were recruited from the Thames Valley, UK, and randomized (1:1) to exercise or handwriting, via a concealed computer-generated list...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489968/tailoring-multicomponent-writing-interventions-effects-of-coupling-self-regulation-and-transcription-training
#20
Teresa Limpo, Rui A Alves
Writing proficiency is heavily based on acquisition and development of self-regulation and transcription skills. The present study examined the effects of combining transcription training with a self-regulation intervention (self-regulated strategy development [SRSD]) in Grade 2 (ages 7-8). Forty-three students receiving self-regulation plus transcription (SRSD+TR) intervention were compared with 37 students receiving a self-regulation only (SRSD only) intervention and 39 students receiving the standard language arts curriculum...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
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