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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431426/anesthesiologists-and-disaster-medicine-a-needs-assessment-for-education-and-training-and-reported-willingness-to-respond
#1
Heather K Hayanga, Daniel J Barnett, Natasha R Shallow, Michael Roberts, Carol B Thompson, Itay Bentov, Gozde Demiralp, Bradford D Winters, Deborah A Schwengel
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiologists provide comprehensive health care across the emergency department, operating room, and intensive care unit. To date, anesthesiologists' perspectives regarding disaster medicine and public health preparedness have not been described. METHODS: Anesthesiologists' thoughts and attitudes were assessed via a Web-based survey at 3 major academic institutions. Frequencies, percentages, and odds ratios (ORs) were used to assess self-reported perceptions of knowledge and skills, as well as attitudes and beliefs regarding education and training, employee development, professional obligation, safety, psychological readiness, efficacy, personal preparedness, and willingness to respond (WTR)...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421804/composition-and-diversity-of-acaroids-mites-acari-astigmata-community-in-the-stored-rhizomatic-traditional-chinese-medicinal-materials
#2
Xiaodong Zhan, Yilong Xi, Chaopin Li, Jinhong Zhao, Guo Wei
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the species and breeding density of ac a roid mites in the stored rhizomatic traditional Chinese medicinal materials in Anhui province, China, in order to supply evidences for control and prevention of such species. METHODS: The stored traditional Chinese medicinal materials of root-stock origins were collected in 30 herb stores and warehouses in 17 cities across Anhui province. Mites were collected by using Tullgren funnel and directicopy, and identified under microscopy...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414408/family-medicine-research-in-the-united-states-from-the-late-1960s-into-the-future
#3
Marjorie A Bowman, Sean C Lucan, Thomas C Rosenthal, Arch G Mainous, Paul A James
When the new field of family medicine research began a half century ago, multiple individuals and organizations emphasized that research was a key mission. Since the field's inception, there have been notable research successes for which family medicine organizations, researchers, and leaders-assisted by federal and state governments and private foundations-can take credit. Research is a requirement for family medicine residency programs but not individual residents, and multiple family medicine departments offer research training in various forms for learners at all levels, including research fellowships...
April 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392749/patients-willingness-to-pay-for-their-drugs-in-primary-care-clinics-in-an-urbanized-setting-in-malaysia-a-guide-on-drug-charges-implementation
#4
Sharifa Ezat Wan Puteh, Siti Nurul Akma Ahmad, Azimatun Noor Aizuddin, Ramli Zainal, Ruhaini Ismail
BACKGROUND: Malaysia is an upper middle income country that provides subsidized healthcare to ensure universal coverage to its citizens. The challenge of escalating health care cost occurs in most countries, including Malaysia due to increase in disease prevalence, which induced an escalation in drug expenditure. In 2009, the Ministry of Health has allocated up to Malaysian Ringgit (MYR) 1.402 billion (approximately USD 390 million) on subsidised drugs. This study was conducted to measure patients' willingness to pay (WTP) for treatment of chronic condition or acute illnesses, in an urbanized population...
2017: Asia Pacific Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392738/the-role-of-laboratory-testing-in-detection-and-classification-of-chronic-kidney-disease-national-recommendations
#5
REVIEW
Vanja Radišić Biljak, Lorena Honović, Jasminka Matica, Branka Krešić, Sanela Šimić Vojak
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common clinical condition with significant adverse consequences for the patient and it is recognized as a significant public health problem. The role of laboratory medicine in diagnosis and management of CKD is of great importance: the diagnosis and staging are based on estimation of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and assessment of albuminuria (or proteinuria). Therefore, the joint working group of the Croatian society of medical biochemistry and laboratory medicine and Croatian chamber of medical biochemists for laboratory diagnostics in CKD issued this national recommendation regarding laboratory diagnostics of CKD...
February 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383546/mosaic-trisomy-16-what-are-the-obstetric-and-long-term-childhood-outcomes
#6
Teresa N Sparks, Kao Thao, Mary E Norton
PURPOSE: To evaluate obstetric and neonatal outcomes as well as long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes and quality of life among prenatally detected cases of mosaic trisomy (MT16) and confined placental mosaicism (CPM) for trisomy 16. METHODS: We recruited participants for this cross-sectional study through an international registry of families with children diagnosed with MT16 or CPM. Parents were interviewed about expectations based on prenatal counseling as well as about actual perinatal outcomes, congenital anomalies, medical conditions, and school progress...
April 6, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382667/substance-use-among-transgender-students-in-california-public-middle-and-high-schools
#7
Kris Tunac De Pedro, Tamika D Gilreath, Christopher Jackson, Monica Christina Esqueda
BACKGROUND: Transgender adolescents face tremendous social stress in families and schools, which often leads to behavioral health disparities. This study assessed whether rates of substance use were higher among transgender adolescents when compared to nontransgender adolescents. METHODS: This study is a secondary data analysis of the 2013-2015 California Healthy Kids Survey (CHKS) that examines whether rates of substance use are higher among transgender youth when compared to nontransgender youth...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344954/no-fault-compensation-in-perinatal-medicine-in-japan-from-results-for-8-years
#8
REVIEW
Mitsutoshi Iwashita
No fault compensation in perinatal medicine has been established to provide aid to patients in the event of disability due to a medical accident during delivery and to strive to resolve disputes quickly that contributes to reduce medical malpractice suit in the field of perinatal medicine. Furthermore, this system is aimed to establish a mechanism that achieves higher quality of obstetric care by analyzing the causes of accidents. This system is operated by Japan Council for Quality Health Care and 99.9% of childbirth facilities in Japan registered with this compensation system...
March 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327852/-person-centered-clinical-care-principles-and-strategies
#9
Juan Enrique Mezzich, Alberto Perales
The development of person-centered clinical care is inscribed within an international programmatic movement towards a medicine focused on the totality of the person. This movement, with broad historical bases, has been maturing since 2008 through conferences among global health institutions, research projects and academic publications. This paper is aimed at elucidating the conceptual principles of person-centered medicine (PCM) and to delineate strategies for the practical application of such principles in clinical care services...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327572/the-role-of-genetic-counsellors-in-genomic-healthcare-in-the-united-kingdom-a-statement-by-the-association-of-genetic-nurses-and-counsellors
#10
Anna Middleton, Peter Marks, Anita Bruce, Liwsi K Protheroe-Davies, Cath King, Oonagh Claber, Catherine Houghton, Claire Giffney, Rhona Macleod, Claire Dolling, Sue Kenwrick, Diana Scotcher, Georgina Hall, Christine Patch, Laura Boyes
In the United Kingdom, genetic counsellors work together with clinical geneticists and clinical scientist colleagues within specialist genetics services, but they also often work in multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) outside of such services. There, they contribute genetic knowledge together with expert understanding of how to communicate genetic information effectively. They can offer education and support to the MDT, while providing management advice for both affected patients and the extended at-risk family members...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324029/vital-directions-for-health-and-health-care-priorities-from-a-national-academy-of-medicine-initiative
#11
Victor J Dzau, Mark B McClellan, J Michael McGinnis, Sheila P Burke, Molly J Coye, Angela Diaz, Thomas A Daschle, William H Frist, Martha Gaines, Margaret A Hamburg, Jane E Henney, Shiriki Kumanyika, Michael O Leavitt, Ruth M Parker, Lewis G Sandy, Leonard D Schaeffer, Glenn D Steele, Pamela Thompson, Elias Zerhouni
Importance: Recent discussion has focused on questions related to the repeal and replacement of portions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). However, issues central to the future of health and health care in the United States transcend the ACA provisions receiving the greatest attention. Initiatives directed to certain strategic and infrastructure priorities are vital to achieve better health at lower cost. Objectives: To review the most salient health challenges and opportunities facing the United States, to identify practical and achievable priorities essential to health progress, and to present policy initiatives critical to the nation's health and fiscal integrity...
April 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300983/preceptorship-in-family-and-community-medicine-challenges-and-achievements-in-a-primary-health-care-in-progress
#12
Mellina Marques Vieira Izecksohn, Jorge Esteves Teixeira, Bruno Pereira Stelet, Adelson Guaraci Jantsch
Strengthening Primary Health Care (PHC) relies directly on training medical specialists in primary care. This text aims to report the Family Medicine training experiences in Rio de Janeiro between 2008 and 2016. It brings to reflection the development of preceptors in medical specialization through an experience report on three Family Medicine medical residency programs, namely, the Municipal Health Secretariat program, the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro program and the National School of Public Health program...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292189/translating-agricultural-health-and-medicine-education-across-the-pacific-a-united-states-and-australian-comparison-study
#13
Susan A Brumby, Josie Ruldolphi, Diane Rohlman, Kelley J Donham
BACKGROUND: Populations in agricultural communities require<b> </b>health care that is interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral to address the high rate of workplace deaths, preventable injuries and illness. These rates are compounded by limited access to services and the distinctive personal values and culture of farming populations, which both health and rural practitioners must be aware of to reduce the gap between rural and urban population health outcomes. To address the unique health and medical characteristics of agricultural populations, education in agricultural medicine was established through the College of Medicine and the College of Public Health at the University of Iowa in the USA...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278143/confidentiality-issues-and-use-of-sexually-transmitted-disease-services-among-sexually-experienced-persons-aged-15-25-years-united-states-2013-2015
#14
Jami S Leichliter, Casey Copen, Patricia J Dittus
National-level data are limited regarding confidentiality-related issues and the use of sexually transmitted disease (STD) services for adolescents and young adults. Changes in the U.S. health care system have permitted dependent children to remain on a parent's health insurance plan until the child's 26th birthday and required coverage of certain preventive services, including some STD services, without cost sharing for most plans (1,2). Although these provisions likely facilitate access to the health care system, adolescents and young adults might not seek care or might delay seeking care for certain services because of concerns about confidentiality, including fears that their parents might find out (3,4)...
March 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260941/is-there-evidence-that-we-should-screen-the-general-population-for-lynch-syndrome-with-genetic-testing-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Anya E R Prince, R Jean Cadigan, Gail E Henderson, James P Evans, Michael Adams, Emmanuel Coker-Schwimmer, Dolly C Penn, Marcia Van Riper, Giselle Corbie-Smith, Daniel E Jonas
BACKGROUND: The emerging dual imperatives of personalized medicine and technologic advances make population screening for preventable conditions resulting from genetic alterations a realistic possibility. Lynch syndrome is a potential screening target due to its prevalence, penetrance, and the availability of well-established, preventive interventions. However, while population screening may lower incidence of preventable conditions, implementation without evidence may lead to unintentional harms...
2017: Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259851/study-protocol-to-investigate-the-environmental-and-genetic-aetiology-of-atopic-dermatitis-the-indonesian-prospective-study-of-atopic-dermatitis-in-infants-isadi
#16
Conny Tanjung, Peter Rzehak, Muchtaruddin Mansyur, Zakiudin Munasir, Herawati Sudoyo, Suzanna Immanuel, Roedi Irawan, Eva Reischl, Hans Demmelmair, Berthold Koletzko, Sri Rezeki Hadinegoro, Damayanti Rusli Sjarif
INTRODUCTION: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most common skin disorder in young children worldwide, with a high impact on morbidity and quality of life. To date, no prospective study has been published on the incidence and potential predictors of AD in South East Asian populations. The Indonesian Prospective Study of Atopic Dermatitis in Infants (ISADI) will address the genetic, metabolic and dietary characteristics of mothers and their offspring, as well as potential determinants of AD within the first year of infant life...
March 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217264/eight-essential-foods-in-iranian-traditional-medicine-and-their-role-in-health-promotion-and-well-being
#17
REVIEW
Mehrdad Zeinalian, Mehdi Eshaghi, Mahdi Hadian, Homayoun Naji, Sayed Mohammad Masoud Marandi, Sedigheh Asgary
Eight essential foods (EEF) described in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) have a determinant role to balance human temperament insuring health and well-being. EEF included oral, imaginary, auditory, visual, olfactory, touch, sexual, and familiarity food. Oral foods should be halal, compatible with individual temper, consumed up twice a day, and compatible with different seasons and geographic conditions. Imaginary food consists of the individual thought content which is directly related to mental and physical fitness...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209185/health-literacy-in-a-community-with-low-levels-of-education-findings-from-chakaria-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#18
Susmita Das, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) helps individuals to make effective use of available health services. In low-income countries such as Bangladesh, the less than optimum use of services could be due to low levels of HL. Bangladesh's health service delivery is pluralistic with a mix of public, private and informally trained healthcare providers. Emphasis on HL has been inadequate. Thus, it is important to assess the levels of HL and service utilization patterns. The findings from this study aim to bridge the knowledge gap...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197806/recruiting-families-at-risk-for-hereditary-breast-and-ovarian-cancer-from-a-statewide-cancer-registry-a-methodological-study
#19
Maria C Katapodi, Deb Duquette, James J Yang, Kari Mendelsohn-Victor, Beth Anderson, Christos Nikolaidis, Emily Mancewicz, Laurel L Northouse, Sonia Duffy, David Ronis, Kara J Milliron, Nicole Probst-Herbst, Sofia D Merajver, Nancy K Janz, Glenn Copeland, Scott Roberts
PURPOSE: Cancer genetic services (counseling/testing) are recommended for women diagnosed with breast cancer younger than 45 years old (young breast cancer survivors-YBCS) and at-risk relatives. We present recruitment of YBCS, identification and recruitment of at-risk relatives, and YBCS willingness to contact their cancer-free, female relatives. METHODS: A random sample of 3,000 YBCS, stratified by race (Black vs. White/Other), was identified through a population-based cancer registry and recruited in a randomized trial designed to increase use of cancer genetic services...
March 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192276/abortion-health-services-in-canada-results-of-a-2012-national-survey
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Wendy V Norman, Edith R Guilbert, Christopher Okpaleke, Althea S Hayden, E Steven Lichtenberg, Maureen Paul, Katharine O'Connell White, Heidi E Jones
OBJECTIVE: To determine the location of Canadian abortion services relative to where reproductive-age women reside, and the characteristics of abortion facilities and providers. DESIGN: An international survey was adapted for Canadian relevance. Public sources and professional networks were used to identify facilities. The bilingual survey was distributed by mail and e-mail from July to November 2013. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 94 abortion facilities were identified...
April 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
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