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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022362/narratives-of-health-and-illness-arts-based-research-capturing-the-lived-experience-of-dementia
#1
Hilary Moss, Desmond O'Neill
Introduction This paper presents three artists' residencies in a geriatric medicine unit in a teaching hospital. The aim of the residencies was creation of new work of high artistic quality reflecting the lived experience of the person with dementia and greater understanding of service user experience of living with dementia. This paper also explores arts-based research methodologies in a medical setting. Method Arts-based research and narrative enquiry were the method used in this study. Artists had extensive access to service users with dementia, family carers and clinical team...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019327/disclosure-of-adverse-cancer-news-the-public-s-perspective-in-a-middle-eastern-country
#2
Jamal Zekri, Mohamed E El Sayed, Youssef Nauf
OBJECTIVES: The disclosure to patients of unfavorable news related to cancer remains a controversial issue in the Middle East. This study investigated the perspective of the public in Saudi Arabia regarding the disclosure of unfavorable cancer-related news. METHODS: A convenience sample of 103 adult noncancer patients attending a family medicine clinic were asked to respond to 9 closed-ended questions. These questions reflected possible adverse news from the time of diagnosis until the end of life...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017994/utilizing-consumer-health-informatics-to-support-management-of-hypertension-by-clinical-pharmacists-in-primary-care-study-protocol
#3
Lorraine R Buis, Dana N Roberson, Reema Kadri, Nicole G Rockey, Melissa A Plegue, Hae Mi Choe, Caroline R Richardson
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is a major public health concern in the United States given its wide prevalence, high cost, and poor rates of control. Multiple strategies to counter this growing epidemic have been studied, and home blood pressure (BP) monitoring, mobile health (mHealth) interventions, and referrals to clinical pharmacists for BP management have all shown potential to be effective intervention strategies. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to establish feasibility and acceptability of BPTrack, a clinical pharmacist-led mHealth intervention that aims to improve BP control by supporting home BP monitoring and medication adherence among patients with uncontrolled HTN...
October 10, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#4
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974229/use-of-cultivated-plants-and-non-plant-remedies-for-human-and-animal-home-medication-in-liuba%C3%A5-district-belarus
#5
Renata Sõukand, Yanina Hrynevich, Julia Prakofjewa, Tatsiana Valodzina, Iryna Vasilyeva, Jury Paciupa, Aliaksandra Shrubok, Aliaksei Hlushko, Yana Knureva, Yulia Litvinava, Siarhei Vyskvarka, Hanna Silivonchyk, Alena Paulava, Mare Kõiva, Raivo Kalle
BACKGROUND: To use any domestic remedy, specific knowledge and skills are required. Simple logic dictates that the use of wild plants in the context of limited interaction with nature requires prior identification, while in the case of non-plant remedies and cultivated plants this step can be omitted. This paper aims to document the current and past uses of non-plant remedies and cultivated plants in the study region for human/animal medication; to analyze the human medicinal and veterinary use areas in the context of the remedy groups; to qualitatively compare the results with relevant historical publications; and to compare the intensity and purpose of use between the remedy groups...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953295/how-many-graduating-family-medicine-residents-have-chosen-financial-support-for-service-commitments
#6
Julie Phillips, Lars E Peterson, Bo Fang, Iris Kovar-Gough, Robert L Phillips
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: New family physicians have opportunities to avoid accruing educational debt or have loans repaid by making a commitment to public service. Little information is available about the numbers of early career family physicians who have made service commitments to fund their education. The purpose of this study is to describe the proportion of graduating family medicine residents who have enrolled in US military and National Health Service Corps (NHSC) scholarship and loan repayment programs, thus obligating them to future public service...
September 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947440/improving-health-well-being-and-parenting-skills-in-parents-of-children-with-medical-complexity-a-scoping-review-protocol
#7
Sally Rebecca Bradshaw, Karen Shaw, Danai Bem, Carole Cummins
INTRODUCTION: Less than 1% of children have complex medical conditions but account for one-third of all child health spending. The impact of suboptimal management of this group of children can have a considerable effect on families as well as services. Some families appear to cope more easily than others do, but there are compelling reasons to suggest that effective interventions may improve family coping and ultimately outcomes. Hospitalisation of their child presents a unique set of pressures and challenges for parents, but also an opportunity to intervene...
September 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945782/why-wait-the-social-determinants-underlying-tuberculosis-diagnostic-delay
#8
Lily Victoria Bonadonna, Matthew James Saunders, Roberto Zegarra, Carlton Evans, Kei Alegria-Flores, Heinner Guio
BACKGROUND: Early detection and diagnosis of tuberculosis remain major global priorities for tuberculosis control. Few studies have used a qualitative approach to investigate the social determinants contributing to diagnostic delay and none have compared data collected from individual, community, and health-system levels. We aimed to characterize the social determinants that contribute to diagnostic delay among persons diagnosed with tuberculosis living in resource-constrained settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939582/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-delivered-by-app-instant-messaging-to-increase-the-acceptability-of-effective-contraception-among-young-people-in-tajikistan-study-protocol
#9
Ona McCarthy, Baptiste Leurent, Phil Edwards, Ravshan Tokhirov, Caroline Free
INTRODUCTION: Women in lower income countries experience unintended pregnancies at a higher rate compared with women in higher income countries. Unintended pregnancy is associated with numerous poorer health outcomes for both women and their children. In Tajikistan, an estimated 26% of married individuals aged 15-24 years have an unmet need for contraception. The strong cultural value placed on childbearing and oppositional attitudes towards contraception are major barriers to contraceptive uptake in the country...
September 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924678/gender-opportunities-in-psychosocial-oncology
#10
Matthew Loscalzo, Karen Clark
So much has happened since the original publication of this chapter. In some ways, the progress made in appreciating the full spectrum of sexual and gender expression has been uneven and in some nations, there has been serious regression and resulting repression. But overall, especially in the industrialized countries, there is much greater awareness of sex and gender and its importance in health and well being. In this updated chapter, we put sex and gender into a historical context that is relevant to psycho-oncology and that openly accepts that society overall, is highly conflicted when it comes to how women and men get the best out of each other, never mind how to best integrate lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923806/improving-the-health-of-patients-and-communities-evolving-practice-based-research-pbr-and-collaborations
#11
Kevin Fiscella
This issue illustrates how research from practice-based research networks has evolved to span a spectrum from improving patient-level care and practice quality to improving health within local and global communities. Articles address patient-level improvements (a biomarker for cardiovascular disease progression, late-onset anorexia nervosa, complementary health approaches used by patients, and patient preferences related to antibiotics for acute respiratory infections); practice-level improvements (selection of types of fecal immunochemical tests, practice facilitation, practice registry implementation, community-based outreach, and bidirectional texting); and community-level improvements (primary care-public health partnership, influenza surveillance, and establishing family medicine training abroad)...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892432/patient-clinician-communication-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-consensus-guideline
#12
Timothy Gilligan, Nessa Coyle, Richard M Frankel, Donna L Berry, Kari Bohlke, Ronald M Epstein, Esme Finlay, Vicki A Jackson, Christopher S Lathan, Charles L Loprinzi, Lynne H Nguyen, Carole Seigel, Walter F Baile
Purpose To provide guidance to oncology clinicians on how to use effective communication to optimize the patient-clinician relationship, patient and clinician well-being, and family well-being. Methods ASCO convened a multidisciplinary panel of medical oncology, psychiatry, nursing, hospice and palliative medicine, communication skills, health disparities, and advocacy experts to produce recommendations. Guideline development involved a systematic review of the literature and a formal consensus process. The systematic review focused on guidelines, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, and randomized controlled trials published from 2006 through October 1, 2016...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889402/social-freezing-in-medical-practice-experiences-and-attitudes-of-gynecologists-in-germany
#13
Maximilian Schochow, Giovanni Rubeis, Grit Büchner-Mögling, Hansjakob Fries, Florian Steger
Surveys of the German public have revealed a high acceptance of social freezing, i.e. oocyte conservation without medical indication. Up to now, there are no investigations available on the experiences and attitudes of health professionals towards social freezing. Between August 2015 and January 2016, we surveyed gynecologists Germany-wide on the topic social freezing. Five gynecologists specialized in reproductive medicine and five office-based gynecologists in standard care were chosen for the survey. The survey was conducted with an explorative, qualitative research design...
September 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889247/guidelines-for-autopsy-investigation-of-sudden-cardiac-death-2017-update-from-the-association-for-european-cardiovascular-pathology
#14
Cristina Basso, Beatriz Aguilera, Jytte Banner, Stephan Cohle, Giulia d'Amati, Rosa Henriques de Gouveia, Cira di Gioia, Aurelie Fabre, Patrick J Gallagher, Ornella Leone, Joaquin Lucena, Lubov Mitrofanova, Pilar Molina, Sarah Parsons, Stefania Rizzo, Mary N Sheppard, Maria Paz Suárez Mier, S Kim Suvarna, Gaetano Thiene, Allard van der Wal, Aryan Vink, Katarzyna Michaud
Although sudden cardiac death (SCD) is one of the most important modes of death in Western countries, pathologists and public health physicians have not given this problem the attention it deserves. New methods of preventing potentially fatal arrhythmias have been developed and the accurate diagnosis of the causes of SCD is now of particular importance. Pathologists are responsible for determining the precise cause and mechanism of sudden death but there is still considerable variation in the way in which they approach this increasingly complex task...
September 9, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860891/advances-in-medical-education-and-practice-role-of-massive-open-online-courses
#15
REVIEW
Lynette R Goldberg, Leonard A Crocombe
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are increasingly available in the area of health and medicine. These MOOCs are offered through various commercial and noncommercial online platforms. When offered through reputable institutions, they can provide valuable access to reliable information without the constraints of time, geographical location, or level of education. Most current courses appear introductory in nature. In its drive for quality health care, the National Academy of Medicine has prioritized a focus on known chronic care conditions...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859764/no-347-obstetric-management-at-borderline-viability
#16
Noor Niyar N Ladhani, Radha S Chari, Michael S Dunn, Griffith Jones, Prakesh Shah, Jon F R Barrett
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this guideline was to develop consensus statements to guide clinical practice and recommendations for obstetric management of a pregnancy at borderline viability, currently defined as prior to 25+6 weeks. INTENDED USERS: Clinicians involved in the obstetric management of women whose fetus is at the borderline of viability. TARGET POPULATION: Women presenting for possible birth at borderline viability. EVIDENCE: This document presents a summary of the literature and a general consensus on the management of pregnancies at borderline viability, including maternal transfer and consultation, administration of antenatal corticosteroids and magnesium sulfate, fetal heart rate monitoring, and considerations in mode of delivery...
September 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857643/opioid-prescribing-in-rural-family-practices-a-qualitative-study
#17
Ivy A Click, Jeri Ann Basden, Joy M Bohannon, Heather Anderson, Fred Tudiver
BACKGROUND: Rural Tennessee, especially rural East Tennessee has seen a dramatic increase in rates of controlled drug prescriptions and controlled drug overdose deaths in recent years. However, little is known about the individual decisions to prescribe or continue prescriptions with relation to addiction concerns. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to learn more about what factors lead to physicians' prescribing control drugs for non-cancer pain through the use of focus groups...
August 31, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855813/saudi-medicinal-plants-for-the-treatment-of-scorpion-sting-envenomation
#18
REVIEW
Abdulrahman Al-Asmari, Rajamohamed Abbas Manthiri, Nasreddien Abdo, Fawzi Abdullah Al-Duaiji, Haseeb Ahmad Khan
Scorpion sting envenoming poses major public health problems. The treatment modalities include antivenoms, chemical antidotes and phytotherapy, with varying degrees of effectiveness and side effects. In this investigation, we reviewed the use of Saudi medicinal plants for the treatment of scorpion sting patients. The relevant literature was collected using the online search engines including Science Direct, Google and PubMed with the help of specific keywords. We also used the printed and online resources at our institutional library to gather the relevant information on the use of medicinal plants for the treatment of scorpion sting patients...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845958/sleep-disorders-insomnia
#19
Deepa Burman
Insomnia is the most common type of sleep disorder in the family medicine population. It is defined as a persistent difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep, or a report of nonrestorative sleep, accompanied by related daytime impairment. Insomnia is a significant public health problem because of its high prevalence and management challenges. There is increasing evidence of a strong association between insomnia and various medical and psychiatric comorbidities. Diagnosis of insomnia and treatment planning rely on a thorough sleep history to address contributing and precipitating factors as well as maladaptive behaviors resulting in poor sleep...
September 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843873/the-islamification-of-antiretroviral-therapy-reconciling-hiv-treatment-and-religion-in-northern-nigeria
#20
Jack Ume Tocco
Access and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) are essential to HIV treatment success and epidemic control. This article is about how HIV-positive Muslims and providers balance ART with religious tenets and obligations. I conducted 17 months of multi-site ethnographic research between 2007 and 2010, including participant-observation in an urban HIV clinic in Kano, Nigeria and a support group for people living with HIV, as well as in-depth interviews with 30 HIV-positive men and 30 key informants with caregiving, clinical, or policy roles related to HIV/AIDS...
August 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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