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Salim Yusuf

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298421/mimicry-of-an-hiv-broadly-neutralizing-antibody-epitope-with-a-synthetic-glycopeptide
#1
S Munir Alam, Baptiste Aussedat, Yusuf Vohra, R Ryan Meyerhoff, Evan M Cale, William E Walkowicz, Nathan A Radakovich, Kara Anasti, Lawrence Armand, Robert Parks, Laura Sutherland, Richard Scearce, M Gordon Joyce, Marie Pancera, Aliaksandr Druz, Ivelin S Georgiev, Tarra Von Holle, Amanda Eaton, Christopher Fox, Steven G Reed, Mark Louder, Robert T Bailer, Lynn Morris, Salim S Abdool-Karim, Myron Cohen, Hua-Xin Liao, David C Montefiori, Peter K Park, Alberto Fernández-Tejada, Kevin Wiehe, Sampa Santra, Thomas B Kepler, Kevin O Saunders, Joseph Sodroski, Peter D Kwong, John R Mascola, Mattia Bonsignori, M Anthony Moody, Samuel Danishefsky, Barton F Haynes
A goal for an HIV-1 vaccine is to overcome virus variability by inducing broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs). One key target of bnAbs is the glycan-polypeptide at the base of the envelope (Env) third variable loop (V3). We have designed and synthesized a homogeneous minimal immunogen with high-mannose glycans reflective of a native Env V3-glycan bnAb epitope (Man9-V3). V3-glycan bnAbs bound to Man9-V3 glycopeptide and native-like gp140 trimers with similar affinities. Fluorophore-labeled Man9-V3 glycopeptides bound to bnAb memory B cells and were able to be used to isolate a V3-glycan bnAb from an HIV-1-infected individual...
March 15, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279379/imaging-asymptomatic-individuals-for%C3%A2-coronary-disease
#2
EDITORIAL
Darryl P Leong, Philip G Joseph, Salim Yusuf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267468/the-epidemic-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-south-asians-time-for-action
#3
EDITORIAL
Salim Yusuf, Philip Joseph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213368/effects-of-dabigatran-according-to-age-in-atrial-fibrillation
#4
Mandy N Lauw, John W Eikelboom, Michiel Coppens, Lars Wallentin, Salim Yusuf, Michael Ezekowitz, Jonas Oldgren, Juliet Nakamya, Jia Wang, Stuart J Connolly
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and the risk of stroke and bleeding vary according to age. To estimate effects of dabigatran, compared with warfarin, on stroke, bleeding and mortality in patients with AF in the Randomized Evaluation of Long-Term Anticoagulant Therapy (RE-LY) trial according to age, we analysed treatment effects using age as a continuous variable and using age categories. METHODS: RE-LY included 10 855 (59.9%) patients aged <75 years, 4231 patients (23...
February 17, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107362/population-muscle-strength-predicts-olympic-medal-tallies-evidence-from-20-countries-in-the-pure-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Darryl P Leong, Martin McKee, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: National sporting achievement at the Olympic Games is important for national pride and prestige, and to promote participation in sport. Summer Olympic Games medal tallies have been associated with national wealth, and also social development and healthcare expenditure. It is uncertain however, how these socioeconomic factors translate into Olympic success. The objective of this study was therefore to examine the relationship between population muscle strength and Olympic medal tallies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104186/effects-of-bidi-smoking-on-all-cause-mortality-and-cardiorespiratory-outcomes-in-men-from-south-asia-an-observational-community-based-substudy-of-the-prospective-urban-rural-epidemiology-study-pure
#6
MyLinh Duong, Sumathy Rangarajan, Xiaohe Zhang, Kieran Killian, Prem Mony, Sumathi Swaminathan, Ankalmadagu Venkatsubbareddy Bharathi, Sanjeev Nair, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, Indu Mohan, Rajeev Gupta, Deepa Mohan, Shanthi Rani, Viswanathan Mohan, Romaina Iqbal, Khawar Kazmi, Omar Rahman, Rita Yusuf, Lakshmi Venkata Maha Pinnaka, Rajesh Kumar, Paul O'Byrne, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Bidis are minimally regulated, inexpensive, hand-rolled tobacco products smoked in south Asia. We examined the effects of bidi smoking on baseline respiratory impairment, and prospectively collected data for all-cause mortality and cardiorespiratory events in men from this region. METHODS: This substudy of the international, community-based Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study was done in seven centres in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh...
February 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096145/association-of-household-wealth-index-educational-status-and-social-capital-with-hypertension-awareness-treatment-and-control-in-south-asia
#7
Rajeev Gupta, Manmeet Kaur, Shofiqul Islam, Viswanathan Mohan, Prem Mony, Rajesh Kumar, Vellappillil Raman Kutty, Romaina Iqbal, Omar Rahman, Mohan Deepa, Justy Antony, Krishnapillai Vijaykumar, Khawar Kazmi, Rita Yusuf, Indu Mohan, Raja Babu Panwar, Sumathy Rangarajan, Salim Yusuf
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension control rates are low in South Asia. To determine association of measures of socioeconomic status (wealth, education, and social capital) with hypertension awareness, treatment, and control among urban and rural subjects in these countries we performed the present study. METHODS: We enrolled 33,423 subjects aged 35-70 years (women 56%, rural 53%, low-education status 51%, low household wealth 25%, low-social capital 33%) in 150 communities in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh during 2003-2009...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010010/hope-%C3%A2-3-bp-treatment-milestones-in-cv-prevention-dr-salim-yusuf-in-an%C3%A2-interview-with-dr-akbar-panju-and-dr-roman-jaeschke
#8
Salim Yusuf, Akbar Panju, Roman Jaeschke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959693/interpreting-geographic-variations-in-results-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Salim Yusuf, Janet Wittes
Clinical trialists generally accept the premise that surprising results in subgroups of a randomized, controlled trial most likely arise from chance. As we wrote nearly three decades ago, "We believe that the overall ‘average’ result of a randomized clinical trial is usually a more reliable..
December 8, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941066/thrombus-aspiration-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-an-individual-patient-meta-analysis-thrombectomy-trialists-collaboration
#10
Sanjit S Jolly, Stefan James, Vladimír Džavík, John A Cairns, Karim D Mahmoud, Felix Zijlstra, Salim Yusuf, Goran K Olivecrona, Henrik Renlund, Peggy Gao, Bo Lagerqvist, Ashraf Alazzoni, Sasko Kedev, Goran Stankovic, Brandi Meeks, Ole Frøbert
BACKGROUND: Thrombus aspiration during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for the treatment of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has been widely used; however, recent trials have questioned its value and safety. In this meta-analysis, we, the trial investigators, aimed to pool the individual patient data from these trials to determine the benefits and risks of thrombus aspiration during PCI in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS: Included were large (n≥1000), randomized, controlled trials comparing manual thrombectomy and PCI alone in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction...
January 10, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931255/wealth-and-cardiovascular-health-a-cross-sectional-study-of-wealth-related-inequalities-in-the-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-high-middle-and-low-income-countries
#11
Benjamin Palafox, Martin McKee, Dina Balabanova, Khalid F AlHabib, Alvaro Jr Avezum, Ahmad Bahonar, Noorhassim Ismail, Jephat Chifamba, Clara K Chow, Daniel J Corsi, Gilles R Dagenais, Rafael Diaz, Rajeev Gupta, Romaina Iqbal, Manmeet Kaur, Rasha Khatib, Annamarie Kruger, Iolanthe Marike Kruger, Fernando Lanas, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Fu Minfan, Viswanathan Mohan, Prem K Mony, Aytekin Oguz, Lia M Palileo-Villanueva, Pablo Perel, Paul Poirier, Sumathy Rangarajan, Lei Rensheng, Annika Rosengren, Biju Soman, David Stuckler, S V Subramanian, Koon Teo, Lungiswa P Tsolekile, Andreas Wielgosz, Peng Yaguang, Karen Yeates, Mo Yongzhen, Khalid Yusoff, Rita Yusuf, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Katarzyna Zatońska, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Effective policies to control hypertension require an understanding of its distribution in the population and the barriers people face along the pathway from detection through to treatment and control. One key factor is household wealth, which may enable or limit a household's ability to access health care services and adequately control such a chronic condition. This study aims to describe the scale and patterns of wealth-related inequalities in the awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in 21 countries using baseline data from the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiology study...
December 8, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927602/acute-change-in-glomerular-filtration-rate-with%C3%A2-inhibition-of-the-renin-angiotensin-system-does-not%C3%A2-predict-subsequent-renal-and-cardiovascular%C3%A2-outcomes
#12
Catherine M Clase, Joshua Barzilay, Peggy Gao, Andrew Smyth, Roland E Schmieder, Sheldon Tobe, Koon K Teo, Salim Yusuf, Johannes F E Mann
Initiation of blockade of the renin-angiotensin system may cause an acute decrease in glomerular filtration rate (GFR): the prognostic significance of this is unknown. We did a post hoc analysis of patients with, or at risk for, vascular disease, in two randomized controlled trials: Ongoing Telmisartan Alone and in combination with Ramipril Global Endpoint Trial (ONTARGET) and the Telmisartan Randomized AssessmeNt Study in ACE iNtolerant participants with cardiovascular Disease (TRANSCEND), whose median follow-up was 56 months...
December 4, 2016: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908689/pcsk9-genetic-variants-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-mendelian-randomisation-study
#13
Amand F Schmidt, Daniel I Swerdlow, Michael V Holmes, Riyaz S Patel, Zammy Fairhurst-Hunter, Donald M Lyall, Fernando Pires Hartwig, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Elina Hyppönen, Christine Power, Max Moldovan, Erik van Iperen, G Kees Hovingh, Ilja Demuth, Kristina Norman, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Juri Demuth, Lars Bertram, Tian Liu, Stefan Coassin, Johann Willeit, Stefan Kiechl, Karin Willeit, Dan Mason, John Wright, Richard Morris, Goya Wanamethee, Peter Whincup, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Stela McLachlan, Jackie F Price, Mika Kivimaki, Catherine Welch, Adelaida Sanchez-Galvez, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Andrew Nicolaides, Andrie G Panayiotou, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Giuseppe Matullo, Giovanni Fiorito, Simonetta Guarrera, Carlotta Sacerdote, Nicholas J Wareham, Claudia Langenberg, Robert Scott, Jian'an Luan, Martin Bobak, Sofia Malyutina, Andrzej Pająk, Ruzena Kubinova, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Hynek Pikhart, Lise Lotte Nystrup Husemoen, Niels Grarup, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Allan Linneberg, Kenneth Starup Simonsen, Jackie Cooper, Steve E Humphries, Murray Brilliant, Terrie Kitchner, Hakon Hakonarson, David S Carrell, Catherine A McCarty, H Lester Kirchner, Eric B Larson, David R Crosslin, Mariza de Andrade, Dan M Roden, Joshua C Denny, Cara Carty, Stephen Hancock, John Attia, Elizabeth Holliday, Martin O'Donnell, Salim Yusuf, Michael Chong, Guillaume Pare, Pim van der Harst, M Abdullah Said, Ruben N Eppinga, Niek Verweij, Harold Snieder, Tim Christen, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Stefan Gustafsson, Lars Lind, Erik Ingelsson, Raha Pazoki, Oscar Franco, Albert Hofman, Andre Uitterlinden, Abbas Dehghan, Alexander Teumer, Sebastian Baumeister, Marcus Dörr, Markus M Lerch, Uwe Völker, Henry Völzke, Joey Ward, Jill P Pell, Daniel J Smith, Tom Meade, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee, Ekaterina V Baranova, Robin Young, Ian Ford, Archie Campbell, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Michiel L Bots, Diederick E Grobbee, Philippe Froguel, Dorothée Thuillier, Beverley Balkau, Amélie Bonnefond, Bertrand Cariou, Melissa Smart, Yanchun Bao, Meena Kumari, Anubha Mahajan, Paul M Ridker, Daniel I Chasman, Alex P Reiner, Leslie A Lange, Marylyn D Ritchie, Folkert W Asselbergs, Juan-Pablo Casas, Brendan J Keating, David Preiss, Aroon D Hingorani, Naveed Sattar
BACKGROUND: Statin treatment and variants in the gene encoding HMG-CoA reductase are associated with reductions in both the concentration of LDL cholesterol and the risk of coronary heart disease, but also with modest hyperglycaemia, increased bodyweight, and modestly increased risk of type 2 diabetes, which in no way offsets their substantial benefits. We sought to investigate the associations of LDL cholesterol-lowering PCSK9 variants with type 2 diabetes and related biomarkers to gauge the likely effects of PCSK9 inhibitors on diabetes risk...
February 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773540/secondary-cv-prevention-in-south-america-in-a-community-setting-the-pure-study
#14
Alvaro Avezum, Gustavo B F Oliveira, Fernando Lanas, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Rafael Diaz, J Jaime Miranda, Pamela Seron, Paul A Camacho-Lopez, Andres Orlandini, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Antônio Cordeiro Mattos, Shofiqul Islam, Sumathy Rangarajan, Koon Teo, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of evidence-based therapies, there is no information on the use of medications for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease in urban and rural community settings in South America. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the use, and its predictors, of effective secondary prevention therapies in individuals with a history of coronary heart disease (CHD) or stroke. METHODS: In the PURE (Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiological) study, we enrolled 24,713 individuals from South America ages 35 to 70 years from 97 rural and urban communities in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Colombia...
October 20, 2016: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771985/five-year-outcomes-after-off-pump-or-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
André Lamy, P J Devereaux, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, David P Taggart, Shengshou Hu, Zbynek Straka, Leopoldo S Piegas, Alvaro Avezum, Ahmet R Akar, Fernando Lanas Zanetti, Anil R Jain, Nicolas Noiseux, Chandrasekar Padmanabhan, Juan-Carlos Bahamondes, Richard J Novick, Liang Tao, Pablo A Olavegogeascoechea, Balram Airan, Toomas-Andres Sulling, Richard P Whitlock, Yongning Ou, Peggy Gao, Shirley Pettit, Salim Yusuf
Background We previously reported that there was no significant difference at 30 days or at 1 year in the rate of the composite outcome of death, stroke, myocardial infarction, or renal failure between patients who underwent coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) performed with a beating-heart technique (off-pump) and those who underwent CABG performed with cardiopulmonary bypass (on-pump). We now report the results at 5 years (the end of the trial). Methods A total of 4752 patients (from 19 countries) who had coronary artery disease were randomly assigned to undergo off-pump or on-pump CABG...
December 15, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765728/major-gastrointestinal-bleeding-often-is-caused-by-occult-malignancy-in-patients-receiving-warfarin-or-dabigatran-to-prevent-stroke-and-systemic-embolism-from-atrial-fibrillation
#16
Kathryn F Flack, Jay Desai, Jennifer M Kolb, Prapti Chatterjee, Lars C Wallentin, Michael Ezekowitz, Salim Yusuf, Stuart Connolly, Paul Reilly, Martina Brueckmann, John Ilgenfritz, James Aisenberg
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in patients receiving anticoagulation agents can be caused by occult malignancies. We investigated the proportions and features of major GI bleeding (MGIB) events related to occult GI cancers in patients receiving anticoagulation therapy. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Randomized Evaluation of Long Term Anticoagulant Therapy study (conducted between December 2005 and March 2009 in 951 clinical centers in 44 countries worldwide), which compared the abilities of dabigatran vs warfarin to prevent stroke and systemic embolism in 18,113 patients with atrial fibrillation...
October 17, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754306/lbos-03-01-prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-the-middle-east-results-from-the-prospective-urban-rural-epidemiology-pure-study
#17
Afzalhussein Yusufali, Rasha Khatib, Shofiqul Islam, Khalid AlHabib, Roya Kelishadi, Sumathy Rangarajan, Salim Yusuf
OBJECTIVE: Data on hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and control are sparse in the Middle East especially in the different socio-demographic characteristics (age, sex, community location, education) and comorbid status like diabetes and cardiovascular disease. We report the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension across four Middle Eastern countries (Iran, Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT), Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates (UAE)), using a standardized and uniform method...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753614/physical-activity-and-anger-or-emotional-upset-as-triggers-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-the-interheart-study
#18
Andrew Smyth, Martin O'Donnell, Pablo Lamelas, Koon Teo, Sumathy Rangarajan, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Physical exertion, anger, and emotional upset are reported to trigger acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In the INTERHEART study, we explored the triggering association of acute physical activity and anger or emotional upset with AMI to quantify the importance of these potential triggers in a large, international population. METHODS: INTERHEART was a case-control study of first AMI in 52 countries. In this analysis, we included only cases of AMI and used a case-crossover approach to estimate odds ratios for AMI occurring within 1 hour of triggers...
October 11, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737874/age-and-cardiovascular-risk-attributable-to-apolipoprotein-b-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-or-non-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol
#19
Allan D Sniderman, Shofiqul Islam, Matthew McQueen, Michael Pencina, Curt D Furberg, George Thanassoulis, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Higher concentrations of the apolipoprotein B (apoB) lipoproteins increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, whether the risk associated with apoB lipoproteins varies with age has not been well examined. METHODS AND RESULTS: We determined the associations for total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol (LDL-C), non-high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (non-HDL-C), apoB, apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), and HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) with myocardial infarction at different ages in 11 760 controls and 8998 myocardial infarction cases of the INTERHEART Study...
October 13, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712773/how-robust-is-the-evidence-for-recommending-very-low-salt-intake-in-entire-populations
#20
Andrew Mente, Martin J O'Donnell, Salim Yusuf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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