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Healthcare reform and the hospital industry

Soma Sekar Balasubramanian, Erick C Jones
Hospital closures occur from time to time. These closures affect not only the patients that depend on the hospitals but also the economy in many rural areas. Many factors come into play when a hospital decides to shut off services. Although influencing reasons may vary, hospital closures are likely to be caused by financial shortfalls. In the USA recently, several rural hospitals have closed and many are on the verge of closing. The recent changes in the healthcare industry due to the new reforms are believed to have impacted certain small community and rural hospitals by putting them at risk of closure...
July 2016: Rural and Remote Health
Paolo Mancuso, Vivian Grace Valdmanis
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in measuring the productive performance of healthcare services since the mid-1980s. OBJECTIVE: By applying bootstrapped data envelopment analysis across the 20 Italian Regional Health Systems (RHSs) for the period 2008-2012, we employed a two-stage procedure to investigate the relationship between care appropriateness and productivity evolution in public hospital services. METHODS: In the first stage, we estimated the Malmquist index and decomposed this overall measure of productivity into efficiency and technological change...
October 2016: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
Yixi Chen, Shanlian Hu, Peng Dong, Åsa Kornfeld, Patrycja Jaros, Jing Yan, Fangfang Ma, Mondher Toumi
OBJECTIVES: In 2009, the Chinese government launched a national healthcare reform programme aiming to control healthcare expenditure and increase the quality of care. As part of this programme, a new drug pricing reform was initiated on 1 June 2015. The objective of this study was to describe the changing landscape of drug pricing policy in China and analyse the potential impact of the reform. METHODS: The authors conducted thorough research on the drug pricing reform using three Chinese databases (CNKI, Wanfang, and Weipu), Chinese health authority websites, relevant press releases, and pharmaceutical blogs and discussion forums...
2016: Journal of Market Access & Health Policy
Michael J McCue, Jon M Thompson, Tae Hyun Kim
The hospital industry has experienced increased consolidation in the past 20 years. Since 2010, in particular, there has been a large rise in the number of hospital acquisitions, and observers have suggested this is due in part to the expected impact of federal healthcare reform legislation. This article reports on a study undertaken to identify the market, management, and financial factors affecting acute care, community hospitals acquired between 2010 and 2012. We identified 77 such hospitals and compared them to other acute care facilities...
May 2015: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
Mark A Hall, Richard Lord
The Affordable Care Act's core achievement is to make all Americans insurable, by requiring insurers to accept all applicants at rates based on population averages regardless of health status. The act also increases coverage by allowing states to expand Medicaid (the social healthcare program for families and people with low income and resources) to cover everyone near the poverty line, and by subsidizing private insurance for people who are not poor but who do not have workplace coverage. The act allows most people to keep the same kind of insurance that they currently have, and it does not change how private insurance pays physicians and hospitals...
2014: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Joan D Wynn, Erika Draffin, Amy Jones, Lou Reida
BACKGROUND: Vidant Health (VH), a private, not-for-profit health system in eastern North Carolina, began a systemwide quality transformation in 2006 after a serious blood event resulted in a patient's death. METHODS: Systemwide patient safety training served as the foundation of the transformation. Strategic planning of the quality work outlined a series of approaches that included board literacy in quality, an aggressive transparency policy, patient-family partnerships, and leader and physician engagement...
May 2014: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
Jiannong Ding, Yongquan Tian
Marketization has become the mainstream since the new public management emerges globally in second half of the 20th century. Some countries infuse private capital into medical institutions which used to be managed by the government originally, and cause the medical industry reforms to be market-oriented. Market-oriented reforms of medical institutions may have risks in the following aspects: the risk of uneven distribution of medical resources, the risk of market failure, the moral risk of government renting-seeking and corruption and the decay of social justice values...
April 2014: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Carol Molinari
McDonough's perspective on healthcare reform in the US provides a clear, coherent analysis of the mix of access and delivery reforms in the Affordable Care Act (ACA) aka Obamacare. As noted by McDonough, this major reform bill is designed to expand access for health coverage that includes both prevention and treatment benefits among uninsured Americans. Additionally, this legislation includes several financial strategies (e.g. incentives and penalties) to improve care coordination and quality in the hospital and outpatient settings while also reducing healthcare spending and costs...
February 2014: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Arthur Daemmrich
China's healthcare system is experiencing significant growth from expanded government-backed insurance, greater public-sector spending on hospitals, and the introduction of private insurance and for-profit clinics. An incremental reform process has sought to develop market incentives for medical innovation and liberalize physician compensation and hospital finance while continuing to keep basic care affordable to a large population that pays for many components of care out-of-pocket. Additional changes presently under consideration by policymakers are likely to further restructure insurance and the delivery of care and will alter competitive dynamics in major healthcare industries, notably pharmaceuticals, medical devices, and diagnostic testing...
2013: SpringerPlus
Siri Wiig, Marianne Storm, Karina Aase, Martha Therese Gjestsen, Marit Solheim, Stig Harthug, Glenn Robert, Naomi Fulop
BACKGROUND: Patient involvement in health care decision making is part of a wider trend towards a more bottom-up approach to service planning and provision, and patient experience is increasingly conceptualized as a core dimension of health care quality.The aim of this multi-level study is two-fold: 1) to describe and analyze how governmental organizations expect acute hospitals to incorporate patient involvement and patient experiences into their quality improvement (QI) efforts and 2) to analyze how patient involvement and patient experiences are used by hospitals to try to improve the quality of care they provide...
2013: BMC Health Services Research
Julianne Payne, Jeffrey Leiter
PURPOSE: Since the 1970s, the healthcare industry has undergone significant changes. Using neo-institutional and resource dependency theories, the purpose of this paper is to explore how managers perceive constraint and enact agency amidst these historic challenges--perhaps most significantly, declining funding and increasing regulation. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The data come from ten interviews with healthcare managers, spanning for-profit, non-profit, and government legal forms and hospital and nursing home sub-industries in both Queensland, Australia and North Carolina, USA...
2013: Journal of Health Organization and Management
Ron Howrigon
This article addresses the recent trend of physicians being pressured to sell to hospitals in order to stay in practice. The author utilizes his experience in the healthcare industry to identify causes of this trend and ways in which physician groups can avoid finding themselves in these situations. The author uses real data from an existing medical practice to support his ideas and demonstrate how implementing change now will be beneficial for the success of this medical practice in the future. Objective practice evaluation and the execution of an efficient strategic plan are cited as the most important factors contributing to the financial solvency of medical practices in the current and future healthcare environment...
January 2013: Journal of Medical Practice Management: MPM
Stephen G Morrissette
Recent developments in healthcare reform legislation and in the private-payer marketplace have increased impetus toward clinical integration. Industry changes require that healthcare delivery institutions confront fundamental scope and scale structural issues that may lead to increased vertical integration. To accomplish integration, firms must decide the organizational form of integration (alliance or merger/acquisition). One form of integration, accountable care organizations (ACOs), has featured prominently in recent legislation...
October 2012: Hospital Topics
Tariq Saleem J Alharbi, Inger Ekman, Lars-Eric Olsson, Kerstin Dudas, Eric Carlström
Sweden has one of the oldest, most coherent and stable healthcare systems in the world. The culture has been described as conservative, mechanistic and increasingly standardized. In order to provide a care adjusted to the patient, person centered care (PCC) has been developed and implemented into some parts of the health care industry. The model has proven to decrease patient uncertainty. However, the impact of PCC has been limited in some clinics and hospital wards. An assumption is that organizational culture has an impact on desired outcomes of PCC, such as patient uncertainty...
December 2012: Health Policy
Alex M van den Heever
BACKGROUND: Achieving universal coverage as an objective needs to confront the reality of multiple mechanisms, with healthcare financing and provision occurring in both public and private settings. South Africa has both large and mature public and private health systems offering useful insights into how they can be effectively harmonized to optimise coverage. Private healthcare in South Africa has also gone through many phases and regulatory regimes which, through careful review, can help identify potential policy frameworks that can optimise their ability to deepen coverage in a manner that complements the basic coverage of public arrangements...
2012: BMC Public Health
Denise A Wilson
With the March 2010 passage of the health care reform law, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the U.S Congress completely transformed the health care industry and fundamentally altered how hospitals will deliver and receive payment for care. The purpose of this article is to examine the provisions of the Affordable Care Act and its significance for behavioral healthcare. Key components of health care reform ( i.e., measuring and benchmarking quality patient care outcomes; payment reform; and the reorganization of the health care delivery system to ensure accountable, accessible, patient-centred, coordinated care) are reviewed with regard to their impact on behavioral health...
June 2012: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Florian G Mildenberger
Up to 1920 Thuringia was separated into many territories some of which were known for their unorthodox pharmaceutical industries. Gotha was the only famous duchy because one of its princes had married the Queen of England in 1840. The country was backward and the state administration was incapable of solving health issues. It was due to the interest of some physicians that the fragile balance between homeopathy, naturopathy, physicians and pharmacists broke down after 1900. But the state bureaucracy was unable to convince the people of its new healthcare approaches that were just based on scientific medicine...
2011: Medizin, Gesellschaft, und Geschichte
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2012: Health Management Technology
Becky Lamberth
Although the current economic crisis in the country provides a less than positive outlook for future employment opportunities, healthcare managers could very well find themselves with open positions that are difficult to fill. According to the Bureau of Labor and Statistics, the healthcare industry is one of the largest employers, with 14.3 million jobs. Ten of the 20 fastest growing occupations are healthcare related. For radiology professionals, employment opportunities are expected to increase 17% by 2018, an increase that exceeds the average of many other occupations...
November 2011: Radiology Management
Nicholas J Vogelzang, Steven I Benowitz, Sylvia Adams, Carol Aghajanian, Susan Marina Chang, Zoann Eckert Dreyer, Pasi A Janne, Andrew H Ko, Greg A Masters, Olatoyosi Odenike, Jyoti D Patel, Bruce J Roth, Wolfram E Samlowski, Andrew D Seidman, William D Tap, Jennifer S Temel, Jamie H Von Roenn, Mark G Kris
A message from ASCO'S President. It has been forty years since President Richard Nixon signed the National Cancer Act of 1971, which many view as the nation's declaration of the "War on Cancer." The bill has led to major investments in cancer research and significant increases in cancer survival. Today, two-thirds of patients survive at least five years after being diagnosed with cancer compared with just half of all diagnosed patients surviving five years after diagnosis in 1975. The research advances detailed in this year's Clinical Cancer Advances demonstrate that improvements in cancer screening, treatment, and prevention save and improve lives...
January 1, 2012: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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