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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666769/joint-level-energetics-differentiate-isoinertial-from-speed-power-resistance-training-a-bayesian-analysis
#1
Bernard X W Liew, Christopher C Drovandi, Samuel Clifford, Justin W L Keogh, Susan Morris, Kevin Netto
Background: There is convincing evidence for the benefits of resistance training on vertical jump improvements, but little evidence to guide optimal training prescription. The inability to detect small between modality effects may partially reflect the use of ANOVA statistics. This study represents the results of a sub-study from a larger project investigating the effects of two resistance training methods on load carriage running energetics. Bayesian statistics were used to compare the effectiveness of isoinertial resistance against speed-power training to change countermovement jump (CMJ) and squat jump (SJ) height, and joint energetics...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662497/prediction-of-cacao-theobroma-cacao-resistance-to-moniliophthora-spp-diseases-via-genome-wide-association-analysis-and-genomic-selection
#2
Michel S McElroy, Alberto J R Navarro, Guiliana Mustiga, Conrad Stack, Salvador Gezan, Geover Peña, Widem Sarabia, Diego Saquicela, Ignacio Sotomayor, Gavin M Douglas, Zoë Migicovsky, Freddy Amores, Omar Tarqui, Sean Myles, Juan C Motamayor
Cacao ( Theobroma cacao ) is a globally important crop, and its yield is severely restricted by disease. Two of the most damaging diseases, witches' broom disease (WBD) and frosty pod rot disease (FPRD), are caused by a pair of related fungi: Moniliophthora perniciosa and Moniliophthora roreri , respectively. Resistant cultivars are the most effective long-term strategy to address Moniliophthora diseases, but efficiently generating resistant and productive new cultivars will require robust methods for screening germplasm before field testing...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661626/influence-of-an-independent-quarterly-audit-on-publicly-reported-vancomycin-resistant-enterocococi-bacteremia-data-in-ontario-canada
#3
Chatura Prematunge, Michelle E Policarpio, Jennie Johnstone, Kwaku Adomako, Emily Nadolny, Freda Lam, Ye Li, Kevin A Brown, Gary Garber
BACKGROUND: All Ontario hospitals are mandated to self-report vancomycin-resistant enterocococi (VRE) bacteremias to Ontario's Ministry of Health and Long-term Care for public reporting purposes. Independent quarterly audits of publicly reported VRE bacteremias between September 2013 and June 2015 were carried out by Public Health Ontario. VRE bacteremia case-reporting errors between January 2009 and August 2013 were identified by a single retrospective audit. METHODS: Employing a quasiexperimental pre-post study design, the relative risk of VRE bacteremia reporting errors before and after quarterly audits were modeled using Poisson regression adjusting for hospital type, case counts reported to the Ministry of Health and Long-term Care, and autocorrelation via generalized estimating equation...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661156/synergic-trial-synchronizing-exercises-remedies-in-gait-and-cognition-a-multi-centre-randomized-controlled-double-blind-trial-to-improve-gait-and-cognition-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#4
Manuel Montero-Odasso, Quincy J Almeida, Amer M Burhan, Richard Camicioli, Julien Doyon, Sarah Fraser, Karen Li, Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Laura Middleton, Susan Muir-Hunter, William McIlroy, José A Morais, Frederico Pieruccini-Faria, Kevin Shoemaker, Mark Speechley, Akshya Vasudev, G Y Zou, Nicolas Berryman, Maxime Lussier, Leanne Vanderhaeghe, Louis Bherer
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise, cognitive training, and vitamin D are low cost interventions that have the potential to enhance cognitive function and mobility in older adults, especially in pre-dementia states such as Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Aerobic and progressive resistance exercises have benefits to cognitive performance, though evidence is somewhat inconsistent. We postulate that combined aerobic exercise (AE) and progressive resistance training (RT) (combined exercise) will have a better effect on cognition than a balance and toning control (BAT) intervention in older adults with MCI...
April 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660953/whole-body-vibration-improves-ankle-spasticity-balance-and-walking-ability-in-individuals-with-incomplete-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#5
Taesung In, Kyoungsim Jung, Mingoo Lee, Hwi-Young Cho
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on ankle spasticity, balance, and walking ability in patients with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) at cervical level. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with cervical iSCI were randomly assigned to WBV (n = 14) or control group (n = 14). WBV group received WBV training, while control group was treated with placebo-treatment. All interventions were given for 20-min, twice a day, 5-days a week for 8-weeks...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660947/effects-of-walkbot-gait-training-on-kinematics-kinetics-and-clinical-gait-function-in-paraplegia-and-quadriplegia
#6
Jongseok Hwang, Yongil Shin, Ji-Ho Park, Young Joo Cha, Joshua Sung H You
BACKGROUND: The robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT) system has gained recognition as an innovative, effective paradigm to improve functional ambulation and activities of daily living in spinal cord injury and stroke. However, the effects of the Walkbot robotic-assisted gait training system with a specialized hip-knee-ankle actuator have never been examined in the paraplegia and quadriplegia population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the long-term effects of Walkbot training on clinical for hips and knee stiffness in individuals with paraplegia or quadriplegia...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658408/the-compatibility-of-concurrent-high-intensity-interval-training-and-resistance-training-for-muscular-strength-and-hypertrophy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Angelo Sabag, Abdolrahman Najafi, Scott Michael, Tuguy Esgin, Mark Halaki, Daniel Hackett
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to assess the effect of concurrent high intensity interval training (HIIT) and resistance training (RT) on strength and hypertrophy. Five electronic databases were searched using terms related to HIIT, RT, and concurrent training. Effect size (ES), calculated as standardised differences in the means, were used to examine the effect of concurrent HIIT and RT compared to RT alone on muscle strength and hypertrophy. Sub-analyses were performed to assess region-specific strength and hypertrophy, HIIT modality (cycling versus running), and inter-modal rest responses...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658382/the-impact-of-digital-technologies-on-point-of-care-diagnostics-in-resource-limited-settings
#8
Natasha Gous, Debrah I Boeras, Ben Cheng, Jeff Takle, Brad Cunningham, Rosanna W Peeling
Simple, rapid tests that can be used at the point-of-care (POC) can improve access to diagnostic services and overall patient management in resource-limited settings where laboratory infrastructure is limited. Implementation of POC tests places tremendous strain on already fragile health systems as the demand for training, supply management and quality assurance are amplified. Digital health has a major role to play in ensuring effective delivery and management of POC testing services. Area covered: The ability to digitise laboratory and POC platforms, including lateral flow rapid diagnostic test results, can standardize the interpretation of results and allows data to be linked to proficiency testing to ensure testing quality, reducing interpretation and transcription errors...
April 2018: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657436/upper-extremity-weightlifting-injuries-diagnosis-and-management
#9
REVIEW
Kayvon Golshani, Mark E Cinque, Peter O'Halloran, Kenneth Softness, Laura Keeling, J Ryan Macdonell
Common upper extremity injuries in resistance training athletes include muscle strains, ligament sprains, pectoralis major tendon ruptures, distal biceps tendon ruptures, and chronic shoulder pain and capsulolabral injuries. While each injury is unique in its specific anatomic location and mechanism, each is preventable with proper exercise technique, safety and maintenance of muscle balance. Conservative treatment is the therapeutic modality of choice and these injuries generally resolve with workout modification, appropriate recovery, anti-inflammatory medication, and physical therapy...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656500/mitochondria-glycogen-and-lipid-droplets-in-skeletal-muscle-during-testosterone-treatment-and-strength-training-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-trial
#10
R C Jensen, L L Christensen, J Nielsen, H D Schrøder, T Kvorning, K Gejl, K Højlund, D Glintborg, M Andersen
Low testosterone levels in aging men are associated with insulin resistance. Mitochondrial dysfunction, changes in glycogen metabolism, and lipid accumulation are linked to insulin resistance in skeletal muscle. In this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study, we investigated the effects of six-month testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) and strength training (ST) on mitochondrial, glycogen, and lipid droplet (LD) content in skeletal muscle of aging men with subnormal bioavailable testosterone (BioT) levels...
April 15, 2018: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652602/barriers-to-resistance-training-among-college-aged-women
#11
Nathan A Peters, Rebecca A Schlaff, Jeremy L Knous, Meghan Baruth
OBJECTIVE: To examine resistance training (RT) barriers among college-aged females. PARTICIPANTS: Female college students (n = 223) from a Midwestern university. METHODS: Data were collected in September 2014. Participants completed a survey assessing demographics, current and past RT habits, and barriers to resistance training. Descriptive statistics were used to examine barrier agreement. Differences between current and past RT participation, residency, and class standing were analyzed...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651596/predictors-of-attendance-to-an-oncologist-referred-exercise-program-for-women-with-breast-cancer
#12
Kelcey A Bland, Sarah E Neil-Sztramko, Amy A Kirkham, Alis Bonsignore, Cheri L Van Patten, Donald C McKenzie, Karen A Gelmon, Kristin L Campbell
PURPOSE: While exercise is associated with numerous benefits in women with breast cancer, adherence to exercise training concurrent to cancer treatment is challenging. We aimed to identify predictors of attendance to an oncologist-referred exercise program offered during and after adjuvant breast cancer treatment. METHODS: Women with early-stage breast cancer receiving chemotherapy (n = 68) enrolled in the Nutrition and Exercise During Adjuvant Treatment (NExT) study...
April 13, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644989/the-palliative-care-in-dementia-context-health-professionals-point-of-view-about-advantages-and-resistances
#13
Sabina Zapponi, Maria Chiara Ascari, Erjona Feracaku, Silvia Masin, Paola Paglia, Roberta Petroccione, Ana Pinzaru, Chiara Foà, Giovanna Artioli, Leopoldo Sarli
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The 38/2010 law has expanded the provision of palliative care to patients with chronic-degenerative diseases. The ISTAT data show that 60% of the dying population is suffering from these diseases and could, according to the literature review, benefit particularly from such treatments. This study investigates the point of view of healthcare professionals, working in the context of dementia, regarding the knowledge and application of palliative care in the field of dementia...
March 26, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644889/comparing-exercise-responses-to-aerobic-plus-resistance-training-between-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-survivors-undergoing-aromatase-inhibitor-therapy-and-healthy-women
#14
Thais R S de Paulo, Kerri M Winters-Stone, Juliana Viezel, Fabricio E Rossi, Bruna L Aro, Ana Carolina A C Trindade, Jamile S Codogno, Ismael F Freitas Junior
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore whether postmenopausal breast cancer survivors undergoing aromatase inhibitor therapy differ from healthy postmenopausal women in their response to the same aerobic + resistance training. METHODS: The participants were separated into two groups: postmenopausal breast cancer survivors undergoing aromatase inhibitor therapy for an average of 20 months (18 women) and healthy postmenopausal women (24 women). We assessed aerobic capacity (predicted maximum oxygen uptake (VO2 max) and maximum running velocity test (Vmax)) through a walking test, upper and lower body muscle strength using an estimated one-repetition maximum test, and body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at baseline and at three, six, and nine months, respectively...
April 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644392/effect-of-a-rest-pause-vs-traditional-squat-on-electromyography-and-lifting-volume-in-trained-women
#15
John A Korak, Max R Paquette, Dana K Fuller, Jennifer L Caputo, John M Coons
PURPOSE: Rest-pause (4 s unloaded rest between repetitions) single session training effects on lifting volume, and muscle activity via electromyography (EMG) are currently vague in the literature and can benefit strength and conditioning professionals for resistance training program design. This study compared differences in volume lifted and muscle activity between a rest-pause vs. traditional protocol. METHODS: Trained females (N = 13) completed both a rest-pause and traditional squat protocol consisting of four sets to movement failure at 80% pretest 1 repetition maximum load with 2-min rest between sets...
April 11, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643828/lateralization-of-sucrose-responsiveness-and-non-associative-learning-in-honeybees
#16
David Baracchi, Elisa Rigosi, Gabriela de Brito Sanchez, Martin Giurfa
Lateralization is a fundamental property of the human brain that affects perceptual, motor, and cognitive processes. It is now acknowledged that left-right laterality is widespread across vertebrates and even some invertebrates such as fruit flies and bees. Honeybees, which learn to associate an odorant (the conditioned stimulus, CS) with sucrose solution (the unconditioned stimulus, US), recall this association better when trained using their right antenna than they do when using their left antenna. Correspondingly, olfactory sensilla are more abundant on the right antenna and odor encoding by projection neurons of the right antennal lobe results in better odor differentiation than those of the left one...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643822/working-memory-and-reinforcement-schedule-jointly-determine-reinforcement-learning-in-children-potential-implications-for-behavioral-parent-training
#17
Elien Segers, Tom Beckers, Hilde Geurts, Laurence Claes, Marina Danckaerts, Saskia van der Oord
Introduction: Behavioral Parent Training (BPT) is often provided for childhood psychiatric disorders. These disorders have been shown to be associated with working memory impairments. BPT is based on operant learning principles, yet how operant principles shape behavior (through the partial reinforcement (PRF) extinction effect, i.e., greater resistance to extinction that is created when behavior is reinforced partially rather than continuously) and the potential role of working memory therein is scarcely studied in children...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643516/-preliminary-study-of-robot-assisted-ankle-rehabilitation-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
R L Wang, Z H Zhou, Y C Xi, Q N Wang, N H Wang, Z Huang
OBJECTIVE: To propose a kind of robotic ankle-foot rehabilitation system for children with cerebral palsy and to preliminarily verify its feasibility in clinical application. METHODS: A robot assisted ankle-foot rehabilitation system was specially designed and developed for children with cerebral palsy and a preliminary clinical study was conducted in Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Peking University First Hospital. Modified Tardieu Scale and joint biomechanical properties (ankle plantar flexion resistance torque under different ankle dorsiflexion angles) were measured to analyze the muscle tone and soft tissue compliance of the ankle plantar flexors pre- and post-robotic training intervention...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642834/-risk-of-travel-associated-tuberculosis
#19
Süheyla Sürücüoğlu
Tuberculosis has spread by human movements throughout history. There have been reports indicating tuberculosis transmission on all travel vehicles, including aircrafts, ground vehicles and vessels until today. However, due to the ever increasing of air transportation and air travelling among countries with low and high tuberculosis incidence, transmission risk especially in aircrafts has become an important issue worldwide. But in many of the studies conducted in this regard, transmission of tuberculosis in aircrafts was found very low...
January 2018: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630066/the-microbe-directory-an-annotated-searchable-inventory-of-microbes-characteristics
#20
Heba Shaaban, David A Westfall, Rawhi Mohammad, David Danko, Daniela Bezdan, Ebrahim Afshinnekoo, Nicola Segata, Christopher E Mason
The Microbe Directory is a collective research effort to profile and annotate more than 7,500 unique microbial species from the MetaPhlAn2 database that includes bacteria, archaea, viruses, fungi, and protozoa. By collecting and summarizing data on various microbes' characteristics, the project comprises a database that can be used downstream of large-scale metagenomic taxonomic analyses, allowing one to interpret and explore their taxonomic classifications to have a deeper understanding of the microbial ecosystem they are studying...
January 5, 2018: Gates open research
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