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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026744/profile-of-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-western-maharashtra
#1
Sudhakar W More, Malangori Abdulgani Parande, Sanjeev W Kamble, Manjunath S Kamble
CONTEXT: Drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) strains have evolved mainly due to incomplete or improper treatment of TB patients and are one of the hurdles in controlling TB problem. It is better to understand the magnitude and comorbidities associated with drug-resistant TB. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: (1) To study some of the sociodemographic profile and history of TB treatment of drug-resistant TB cases. (2) To study their drug-resistance pattern and their comorbidity profile...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026725/effects-of-exercise-training-on-physical-fitness-and-biomarker-levels-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#2
REVIEW
Tae Ho Kim, Jae Seung Chang, In Deok Kong
BACKGROUND: Exercise has been identified as a beneficial intervention to enhance quality of life in breast cancer survivors. In addition, there has been a noteworthy increase in studies emphasizing the benefits of exercise in cancer. We sought to summarize the empirical literature concerning the effects of exercise on physical fitness and biomarker levels in breast cancer survivors according to the type of exercise. METHODS: We searched PubMed and PubMed Central for studies on the association of exercise with the levels of various biomarkers and physical fitness in breast cancer survivors...
July 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025901/effects-of-age-and-exercise-training-on-coronary-microvascular-smooth-muscle-phenotype-and-function
#3
Judy M Muller-Delp, Kazuki Hotta, Bei Chen, Bradley Jon Behnke, Joshua J Maraj, Michael D Delp, Tiffani R Lucero, Jeremy A Bramy, David B Alarcon, Hannah E Morgan, Morgan R Cowan, Anthony D Haynes
Coronary microvascular function and blood flow responses during acute exercise are impaired in the aged heart, but can be restored by exercise training. Coronary microvascular resistance is directly dependent on vascular smooth muscle function in coronary resistance arterioles; therefore, we hypothesized that age impairs contractile function and alters the phenotype of vascular smooth muscle in coronary arterioles. We further hypothesized that exercise training restores contractile function and reverses age-induced phenotypic alterations of arteriolar smooth muscle...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025506/maintenance-of-lifestyle-changes-at-12-month-follow-up-in-a-nutrition-and-physical-activity-trial-for-cancer-survivors
#4
Fiona G Stacey, David R Lubans, Kathy Chapman, Alessandra Bisquera, Erica L James
OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we report maintenance of behavior change in a nutrition and physical activity intervention for cancer survivors at 12-months follow-up. METHODS: The ENRICH (Exercise and Nutrition Routine Improving Cancer Health) program was an 8-week face-to-face program for cancer survivors and caregivers, focused on healthy eating, healthy weight, resistance training, and a walking program. Randomized controlled trial participants completed a survey and 7-days of pedometry at baseline, 8-weeks, and 20-weeks...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024332/effect-of-resistance-training-set-volume-on-upper-body-muscle-hypertrophy-are-more-sets-really-better-than-less
#5
REVIEW
Cauê V La Scala Teixeira, Yuri Motoyama, Paulo Henrique Silva Marques de Azevedo, Alexandre Lopes Evangelista, James Steele, Danilo Sales Bocalini
BACKGROUND: Resistance training (RT) for upper body muscle hypertrophy (UBMH) typically entails high volumes of sets per muscle group per training session. The majority of RT regimens does not discriminate between upper and lower body muscle groups, while these groups may respond differently to RT set volumes in terms of maximum skeletal muscle mass gain. Recent studies have examined the effect of different set volumes on the extent of UBMH to formulate optimal RT regimens and to make RT programmes more time-efficient...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023328/strength-and-conditioning-habits-of-competitive-distance-runners
#6
Richard C Blagrove, Nicola Brown, Glyn Howatson, Philip R Hayes
Blagrove, RC, Brown, N, Howatson, G, and Hayes, PR. Strength and conditioning habits of competitive distance runners. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-Targeted strength and conditioning (S&C) programs can potentially improve performance and reduce injury risk factors in competitive runners. However, S&C practices of distance runners are unknown. This study aimed to explore S&C practices of competitive middle- and long-distance runners and examined whether reported frequency of injuries was influenced by training behaviors...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023279/syncope-episodes-and-blood-flow-restriction-training
#7
Juan Martín-Hernández, Alejandro Santos-Lozano, Carl Foster, Alejandro Lucia
The combination of low-load resistance training [or more recently, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES)] with a moderate local blood flow restriction (BFR) is becoming a widespread training and rehabilitation method. Scientific data indicate the overall safety of BFR, at least in healthy young people. However, it has been associated with side effects, usually minor, and further research is warranted regarding the safety and efficacy of this technique, especially in clinical populations. We found 3 syncope/presyncopal episodes among 21 healthy people (9 men), all occurring in men and during familiarization sessions (in which BFR was applied alone) but not thereafter (BFR sessions combined with NMES): 1 subject experienced a brief syncope and 2 other subjects exhibited presyncopal symptoms (sweating, lightheadedness, and pallor)...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022275/volume-for-muscle-hypertrophy-and-health-outcomes-the-most-effective-variable-in-resistance-training
#8
Vandré Casagrande Figueiredo, Belmiro Freitas de Salles, Gabriel S Trajano
Resistance training is the most effective method to increase muscle mass. It has also been shown to promote many health benefits. Although it is deemed safe and of clinical relevance for treating and preventing a vast number of diseases, a time-efficient and minimal dose of exercise has been the focus of a great number of research studies. Similarly, an inverted U-shaped relationship between training dose/volume and physiological response has been hypothesized to exist. However, the majority of available evidence supports a clear dose-response relationship between resistance training volume and physiological responses, such as muscle hypertrophy and health outcomes...
October 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021917/a-feasibility-pilot-using-telehealth-videoconference-monitoring-of-home-based-nmes-resistance-training-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury
#9
Ashraf S Gorgey, Robert M Lester, Rodney C Wade, Refka E Khalil, Rehan K Khan, Melodie L Anderson, Teodoro Castillo
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to investigate the feasibility and initial efficacy of telehealth communication in conjunction with surface neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) resistance training (RT) to induce muscle hypertrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a home-based setting of within-subject control design of trained vs controlled limbs. Five men with chronic (>1 year postinjury) motor-complete spinal cord injury (SCI) participated in a twice-weekly telehealth videoconference program using home-based NMES-RT for 8 weeks...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021895/readiness-for-antimicrobial-resistance-amr-surveillance-in-pakistan-a-model-for-laboratory-strengthening
#10
Dania Khalid Saeed, Rumina Hasan, Mahwish Naim, Afia Zafar, Erum Khan, Kausar Jabeen, Seema Irfan, Imran Ahmed, Mohammad Zeeshan, Zabin Wajidali, Joveria Farooqi, Sadia Shakoor, Abdul Chagla, Jason Rao
BACKGROUND: Limited capacity of laboratories for antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) presents a critical diagnostic bottleneck in resource limited countries. This paper aims to identify such gaps and to explore whether laboratory networks could contribute towards improving AST in low resource settings. METHODS: A self-assessment tool to assess antimicrobial susceptibility testing capacity was administered as a pre-workshop activity to participants from 30 microbiology laboratories in 3 cities in Pakistan...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021828/endurance-exercise-training-decreased-serum-levels-of-surfactant-protein-d-and-improved-aerobic-fitness-of-obese-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
Sajjad Rezaei, Mahdieh Molanouri Shamsi, Mehdi Mahdavi, Azadeh Jamali, Jonato Prestes, Ramires Alsamir Tibana, James Wilfred Navalta, Fabrício Azevedo Voltarelli
BACKGROUND: Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is a member of the collectin family and is an important component of the pulmonary innate host defense. To find the relationship between exercise training and SP-D in diabetes, we examined the possible effects of a 10-week endurance exercise-training program on serum levels of SP-D, leptin, lipid profile and insulin resistance in obese women with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Twenty-two obese women with T2DM were randomly assigned to either exercise training (ET) or control (C) group...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020940/the-epidemiology-and-transmission-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-the-community-in-singapore-study-protocol-for-a-longitudinal-household-study
#12
Nivedita Shankar, Angela Li Ping Chow, Jolene Oon, Li Yang Hsu, Brenda Ang, Junxiong Pang, Paola Florez De Sessions, Balamurugan Periaswamy, Paul A Tambyah, Desmond B Teo, Clarence C Tam
BACKGROUND/AIM: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the most common multidrug-resistant organisms in healthcare settings worldwide, but little is known about MRSA transmission outside of acute healthcare settings especially in Asia. We describe the methods for a prospective longitudinal study of MRSA prevalence and transmission. METHODS: MRSA-colonized individuals were identified from MRSA admission screening at two tertiary hospitals and recruited together with their household contacts...
October 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019743/injury-prevention-in-male-youth-soccer-current-practices-and-perceptions-of-practitioners-working-at-elite-english-academies
#13
Paul J Read, Pablo Jimenez, Jon L Oliver, Rhodri S Lloyd
Forty-one practitioners inclusive of physiotherapists, sports scientists and strength and conditioning coaches from the academies of elite soccer clubs in the United Kingdom completed an on-line questionnaire which examined their: (1) background information; (2) perceptions of injury occurrence and risk factors; (3) screening and return to play; and (4) approach to designing and delivering injury prevention programmes with a response rate of 55% (41/75). Contact injuries were the most common mechanism reported and players between 13-16 years of age were perceived to be at the greatest risk...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019279/leucine-and-resistance-training-improve-hyperglycemia-white-adipose-tissue-loss-and-inflammatory-parameters-in-an-experimental-model-of-type-1-diabetes
#14
Henrique Quintas Teixeira Ribeiro, Audrey Yule Coqueiro, Vanessa Batista de Sousa Lima, Carlos Eduardo Carvalho Martins, Julio Tirapegui
BACKGROUND: Loss of white adipose tissue (WAT), associated with type 1 diabetes (DM1), contributes to increased chronic systemic inflammation. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of leucine supplementation and resistance training (RT) in attenuating WAT loss and improving inflammatory parameters and glucose metabolism in DM1 rats. METHODS: Thirty-two male Wistar rats were distributed into four groups: DA (sedentary and supplemented with non-essential amino acids (NEAA)), DL (sedentary and supplemented with leucine), DTA (submitted to RT and supplemented with NEAA) and DTL (submitted to RT and supplemented with leucine)...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018149/hypothesis-stimulation-of-trained-immunity-as-adjunctive-immunotherapy-in-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Mihai G Netea, Leo A B Joosten, Jos W M van der Meer
Cancer immunotherapy has steadily progressed during the past decades, with checkpoint inhibitor therapy becoming the latest and one of the most promising treatments. Despite the progress, most of the patients do not respond or develop resistance, and novel additional approaches are needed to improve the clinical effectiveness of immunotherapy. Trained immunity (TI) has been described recently as a process of epigenetic and metabolic reprogramming that induces a long-term enhanced function of innate immune cells...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017743/resistance-training-for-rehabilitation-after-burn-injury-a-systematic-literature-review-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Paul M Gittings, Tiffany L Grisbrook, Dale W Edgar, Fiona M Wood, Benedict M Wand, Neil E O'Connell
BACKGROUND/AIM: Resistance training is beneficial for rehabilitation in many clinical conditions, though this has not been systematically reviewed in burns. The objective was to determine the effectiveness of resistance training on muscle strength, lean mass, function, quality of life and pain, in children and adults after burn injury. METHODS: Medline & EMBASE, PubMed, CINAHL and CENTRAL were searched from inception to October 2016. Studies were identified that implemented resistance training in rehabilitation...
October 7, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017410/effects-of-knee-position-on-the-reliability-and-production-of-maximal-and-rapid-strength-characteristics-during-an-isometric-squat-test
#17
Ty B Palmer, Jose G Pineda, Rachel M Durham
This study aimed to examine the effects of knee position on the reliability and production of peak force (PF) and rate of force (RFD) development characteristics during an isometric squat. Fourteen resistance-trained females performed isometric squats at 90, 120, and 150° knee angles (corresponding to parallel, half, and quarter squat positions, respectively) on two different occasions, from which PF, peak RFD, and early (RFD30,RFD50,RFD100) and late (RFD200) phase RFD variables were extracted. PF and RFD200 were highly consistent across trials for all three squat positions, with intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) ranging between 0...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017265/antibiotic-overconsumption-in-pregnant-women-with-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-uganda
#18
Musa Sekikubo, Karolina Hedman, Florence Mirembe, Annelie Brauner
Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common bacterial infections in women. During pregnancy physiological changes, like frequency, mimic UTI symptoms, and therefore bacteriological cultures are needed to confirm the diagnosis. However, in developing countries antibiotic therapy is commonly initiated without culture confirmation. Methods: We investigated the prevalence of bacteriuria among pregnant women with and without UTI symptoms in Uganda...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017022/isometric-parameters-in-the-monitoring-of-maximal-strength-power-and-hypertrophic-resistance-training
#19
Heikki Peltonen, Simon Walker, Anuliisa Lähitie, Keijo Häkkinen, Janne Avela
This study monitored strength-training adaptations via isometric parameters throughout 2×10 weeks of hypertrophic (HYP I+II) or 10 weeks maximum strength (MS) followed by 10 weeks power (P) training with untrained controls. Previously untrained men performed bilateral isometric leg press tests analyzed for peak force (MVC) and rate of force development (RFD) every 3.5-week. These parameters were compared to dynamic performance, voluntary and electrically-induced isometric contractions, muscle activity and cross-sectional area (CSA) in the laboratory before and after 10 and 20 weeks...
October 10, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017017/the-effect-of-resistance-training-set-configuration-on-strength-power-and-hormonal-adaptation-in-female-volleyball-players
#20
Hamid Arazi, Aida Khanmohammadi, Abbas Asadi, G Gregory Haff
The primary purpose of this investigation was to determine the impact of altering the set structure during an 8-week resistance training program on anthropometric, hormonal, and strength power characteristics. Thirty female volleyball players were recruited for participation and then randomly assigned to one of three resistance training groups: 1) cluster sets (CRT; n=10), 2) traditional sets (TRT: n=10), or 3) control (CON: n=10). All athletes were evaluated for thigh and arm circumference, vertical jump (VJ), 20-m sprint, 4x9-m shuttle-run, 1 repetition maximum (1RM) back squat, bench press, military press, and deadlift prior to and after an 8-week periodized training intervention...
October 10, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
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