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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145913/goal-setting-deficits-at-13-years-in-very-preterm-born-children
#1
Kristina M Haebich, Catherine Willmott, Rachel Ellis, Alice C Burnett, Shannon E Scratch, Leona Pascoe, Megan M Spencer-Smith, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Terrie E Inder, Lex W Doyle, Deanne K Thompson, Peter J Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Preterm children demonstrate deficits in executive functions including inhibition, working memory, and cognitive flexibility; however, their goal setting abilities (planning, organization, strategic reasoning) remain unclear. This study compared goal setting abilities between very preterm (VP: <30 weeks/<1250 grams) and term born controls during late childhood. Additionally, early risk factors (neonatal brain abnormalities, medical complications, and sex) were examined in relationship to goal setting outcomes within the VP group...
November 17, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144243/risk-of-mortality-into-adulthood-according-to-gestational-age-at-birth
#2
Ravisha Srinivasjois, Wendy Nembhard, Kingsley Wong, Jenny Bourke, Gavin Pereira, Helen Leonard
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the independent risks of neonatal (0-28 days), postneonatal (29-364 days), 1- to 5- and 6- to 30-year mortality by gestational age and investigate changes in survival over time in an Australian birth cohort. STUDY DESIGN: Maternal and birth related Western Australian population data (1980-2010) were linked to the state mortality data using a retrospective cohort study design involving 722 399 live-born singletons infants. RESULTS: When compared with 39- to 41-week born infants, the adjusted risk ratio for neonatal mortality was 124...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140454/gestational-age-specific-perinatal-mortality-rates-for-assisted-reproductive-technology-art-and-other-births
#3
Abrar A Chughtai, Alex Y Wang, Lisa Hilder, Zhuoyang Li, Kei Lui, Cindy Farquhar, Elizabeth A Sullivan
STUDY QUESTION: Is perinatal mortality rate higher among births born following assisted reproductive technology (ART) compared to non-ART births? SUMMARY ANSWER: Overall perinatal mortality rates in ART births was higher compared to non-ART births, but gestational age-specific perinatal mortality rate of ART births was lower for very preterm and moderate to late preterm births. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Births born following ART are reported to have higher risk of adverse perinatal outcomes compared to non-ART births...
November 13, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136541/impact-of-neonatal-morbidity-on-the-risk-of-developmental-delay-in-late-preterm-infants
#4
Sílvia Martínez-Nadal, Xavier Demestre, Luisa Schonhaut, Sergio R Muñoz, Pere Sala
BACKGROUND: Late preterm infants (LPI) have a higher risk of developmental delay (DD) than term-born infants. The association of perinatal complications with specific morbidity is not clear. AIM: (1) To compare the risk of DD at 4years of age between LPI who have presence or absence of any morbidity associated with the prematurity at birth, called complicated (cLPI) or uncomplicated (uLPI), and term-born infants, (2) to determine maternal and perinatal factors associated with risk of DD, and (3) to analyze, in LPI, the association between perinatal morbidity and risk of DD...
November 11, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134932/outbreak-of-pichia-kudriavzevii-fungaemia-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#5
T Nagarathnamma, Sneha K Chunchanur, Shivaprakash M Rudramurthy, K R Vineetha, Karthik Ramamurthy, Jillwin Joseph, R Ambica
PURPOSE: Fungaemia is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality in neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). We report an outbreak of fungaemia in a NICU due to rare yeast, Pichia kudriavzevii (a teleomorph of Candida krusei). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of neonatal sepsis due to P. kudriavzevii. METHODOLOGY: Between August and September 2014, blood cultures from nine neonates diagnosed with late-onset sepsis in the NICU yielded yeast-like organisms...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132242/relationship-between-thyroid-hormone-levels-and-transient-tachypnea-of-the-newborn-in-late-preterm-early-term-and-term-infants
#6
Sinan Kayıran, Seçil Erçin, Petek Kayıran, Tugba Gursoy, Berkan Gurakan
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the association between thyroid hormone levels and transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) among late-preterm, early-term, and term infants admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the current retrospective study, neonates admitted to the NICU due to TTN were assigned to the TTN group (n = 404). Healthy neonates who were followed up in the well-baby nursery comprised the control group (n = 7335)...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131403/does-a-procalcitonin-guided-approach-to-term-and-late-preterm-neonates-with-suspected-early-onset-sepsis-safely-decrease-unnecessary-antibiotic-exposure
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130825/late-preterm-infants-early-term-infants-and-timing-of-elective-deliveries-current-status-in-a-korean-medical-center
#8
Hyun Suna Ko, Yu-Ria Jang, Hanggooa Yun, Jeonga Ha Wie, Sae Kyunga Choi, In Yanga Park, Jong Chula Shin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the current perinatal outcomes among infants born late preterm and early term compared to those born full term and evaluate the optimal gestational age for delivery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study for births occurred at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital over the past 7 years. Statistical comparison was performed using χ(2) test and multivariable logistic regression models. RESULTS: A total of 7580 women met the study criteria...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128970/cord-serum%C3%A2-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-is-not-associated-with-cranial-anthropometrics-in-infants-up-to-6%C3%A2-months-of-age-an-odense-child-cohort-study
#9
Sissil Egge, Nikolas Christensen, Sine Lykkedegn, Tina Kold Jensen, Henrik Thybo Christesen
Skull changes are poorly described in vitamin D insufficiency [serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (s-25(OH)D) 25-50 nmol/L]. We aimed to investigate factors associated with cranial anthropometrics in infants, especially s-25(OH)D. In infants 2.5-6 months old from the Odense Child Cohort, associations between cord and pregnancy s-25(OH)D and anterior fontanel area (n = 765), head circumference (HC, n = 1776) and head shape (n = 1527) were investigated along with other factors. Age was corrected for preterm birth...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122542/twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome-what-we-have-learned-from-clinical-trials
#10
REVIEW
Fatiha Djaafri, Julien Stirnemann, Imen Mediouni, Claire Colmant, Yves Ville
Monochorionic twin pregnancies are at increased risk for adverse outcome compared to dichorionic twin pregnancies and singletons. Monochorionic-specific complications include twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), twin anemia-polycythemia sequence, single intrauterine fetal demise and its consequences on the co-twin, and selective intrauterine growth restriction. Whereas the natural history of monochorionic-specific complications carries a high risk of fetal death or severe neurologic disability, a framework now exists, based on well-designed clinical trials, for optimal treatment of these entities...
November 6, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119804/longitudinal-patterns-of-early-development-in-canadian-late-preterm-infants-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Karen M Benzies, Joyce Magill-Evans, Marilyn Ballantyne, Jana Kurilova
This prospective, longitudinal cohort study examined longitudinal patterns of early development in Canadian children born late preterm. A convenience sample of 82 mothers and their healthy, singleton, late preterm children participated. Mothers completed the Ages and Stages Questionnaires at 4, 8, and 18 months corrected age. Concerns were most commonly reported in the communication and gross motor domains, especially early in development. The proportion of children scoring below the referral cut-off in at least one domain at 4, 8, and 18 months was, respectively, 25...
March 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117332/estimates-of-the-burden-of-group-b-streptococcal-disease-worldwide-for-pregnant-women-stillbirths-and-children
#12
Anna C Seale, Fiorella Bianchi-Jassir, Neal J Russell, Maya Kohli-Lynch, Cally J Tann, Jenny Hall, Lola Madrid, Hannah Blencowe, Simon Cousens, Carol J Baker, Linda Bartlett, Clare Cutland, Michael G Gravett, Paul T Heath, Margaret Ip, Kirsty Le Doare, Shabir A Madhi, Craig E Rubens, Samir K Saha, Stephanie J Schrag, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Johan Vekemans, Joy E Lawn
Background: We aimed to provide the first comprehensive estimates of the burden of group B Streptococcus (GBS), including invasive disease in pregnant and postpartum women, fetal infection/stillbirth, and infants. Intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis is the current mainstay of prevention, reducing early-onset infant disease in high-income contexts. Maternal GBS vaccines are in development. Methods: For 2015 live births, we used a compartmental model to estimate (1) exposure to maternal GBS colonization, (2) cases of infant invasive GBS disease, (3) deaths, and (4) disabilities...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113124/role-of-placental-vdr-expression-and-function-in-common-late-pregnancy-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Julia Knabl, Aurelia Vattai, Yao Ye, Julia Jueckstock, Stefan Hutter, Franz Kainer, Sven Mahner, Udo Jeschke
Vitamin D, besides its classical role in bone metabolism, plays a distinct role in multiple pathways of the feto-maternal unit. Calcitriol is the major active ligand of the nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR). The vitamin D receptor (VDR) is expressed in different uteroplacental parts and exerts a variety of functions in physiologic pregnancy. It regulates decidualisation and implantation, influences hormone secretion and placental immune modulations. This review highlights the role of the vitamin D receptor in physiologic and disturbed pregnancy, as preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, gestational diabetes and preterm birth...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104822/early-skin-to-skin-contact-between-healthy-late-preterm-infants-and-their-parents-an-observational-cohort-study
#14
Kerstin H Nyqvist, Andreas Rosenblad, Helena Volgsten, Eva-Lotta Funkquist, Elisabet Mattsson
Background: Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) is an important factor to consider in the care of late preterm infants (born between 34 0/7 and 36 6/7 completed weeks of gestation). The literature suggests that SSC between preterm infants and their mothers facilitates breastfeeding. However, more studies are needed to explore potential dose-response effects between SSC and breastfeeding as well as studies that explicitly investigate SSC by fathers among late preterm infants. The aim was to investigate the duration of healthy late preterm infants' SSC with the mother and father, respectively, during the first 48 h after birth and the associations with breastfeeding (exclusive/partial at discharged), clinical and demographic variables...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100893/-late-preterm-infants-in-spain-experience-of-the-34-36-neonatal-group
#15
Mercedes García-Reymundo, Xavier Demestre, M José Calvo, Gemma Ginovart, Ana Jiménez, José Antonio Hurtado
INTRODUCTION: Late preterm (LP) infants (34 -36 weeks of gestation) are the largest group of preterm infants and also the least studied so far. In order to improve their care and reduce the impact of their increased morbidity and mortality, it is essential to know the current situation in Spain. POPULATION AND METHOD: Clinical-epidemiological variables of the LP population of 34 participating hospitals were prospectively collected from 1 April 2011 to 31 March 2016, and were then compared with the Minimum Perinatal Data Set for term births in the database...
October 31, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097178/delayed-versus-early-umbilical-cord-clamping-for-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Michael Fogarty, David A Osborn, Lisa Askie, Anna Lene Seidler, Kylie Hunter, Kei Lui, John Simes, William Tarnow-Mordi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of delayed versus early cord clamping on hospital mortality (primary outcome) and morbidity in preterm infants using Cochrane Collaboration Neonatal Review Group methodology. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Chinese articles, cross-referencing citations, expert informants and trial registries to 31 July 2017. STUDY ELIGIBILITY: RCTs of delayed (≥ 30 seconds) vs early (<30 seconds) clamping in infants born <37 weeks gestation...
October 30, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095375/negative-temperature-differential-in-preterm-infants-less-than-29-weeks-gestational-age-associations-with-infection-and-maternal-smoking
#17
Robin B Knobel-Dail, Richard Sloane, Diane Holditch-Davis, David T Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is related to increased morbidity and mortality in very preterm infants; continuous temperature monitoring is necessary. Thermoregulation is limited in preterm infants. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the research was to assess and describe negative temperature differential (NTD) and assess the associations of NTD with infant demographic characteristics, medical history, and clinical events. METHODS: An exploratory, case study design was used...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094811/emotional-and-behavioral-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-in-school-age-children-born-as-late-preterm-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Branka Polić, Andreja Bubić, Julije Meštrović, Joško Markić, Tanja Kovačević, Ivanka Antončić Furlan, Ivan Utrobičić, Ivana Kolčić
Aim To determine the effect of late preterm birth and treatment at the intensive care unit (ICU) on school-age children's emotional and behavioral problems and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: Emotional and behavioral problems and QoL were investigated in 6-12-year-olds who were born late preterm at the University Hospital Center Split in the period from January 2002 to March 2008. The study included 126 late preterm children treated in ICU (LP-ICU group), 127 late preterm children not treated in ICU (LP-non-ICU group), and 131 full-term children treated in ICU (FT-ICU group)...
October 31, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082792/evaluation-of-late-adolescent-pregnancies-is-late-adolescence-a-risk-factor-for-preterm-labor
#19
Sunullah Soysal, Abdullah Sarioz, Gokce Anik Ilhan, Ali Kocagoz, Aylin Dizi, Ilhan Gursoy, Ipek Celik, Damla Ozmen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We evaluated effect of late adolescence during pregnancy and its confounding factors on neonatal and maternal results. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of late adolescence on maternal, perinatal outcomes and preterm labor. METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out on 172 late adolescents and 160 adult women who delivered in a tertiary center. The demographic features, obstetrical and neonatal properties of the patients were analyzed...
October 29, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082019/antenatal-corticosteroids-for-women-at-risk-of-imminent-preterm-birth-in-low-resource-countries-the-case-for-equipoise-and-the-need-for-efficacy-trials
#20
REVIEW
Joshua P Vogel, Olufemi T Oladapo, Cynthia Pileggi-Castro, Ebunoluwa A Adejuyigbe, Fernando Althabe, Shabina Ariff, Adejumoke Idowu Ayede, Abdullah H Baqui, Anthony Costello, Davy M Chikamata, Caroline Crowther, Bukola Fawole, Luz Gibbons, Alan H Jobe, Monica Lulu Kapasa, John Kinuthia, Alka Kriplani, Oluwafemi Kuti, James Neilson, Janna Patterson, Gilda Piaggio, Rahat Qureshi, Zahida Qureshi, Mari Jeeva Sankar, Jeffrey S A Stringer, Marleen Temmerman, Khalid Yunis, Rajiv Bahl, A Metin Gülmezoglu
The scientific basis for antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) for women at risk of preterm birth has rapidly changed in recent years. Two landmark trials-the Antenatal Corticosteroid Trial and the Antenatal Late Preterm Steroids Trial-have challenged the long-held assumptions on the comparative health benefits and harms regarding the use of ACS for preterm birth across all levels of care and contexts, including resource-limited settings. Researchers, clinicians, programme managers, policymakers and donors working in low-income and middle-income countries now face challenging questions of whether, where and how ACS can be used to optimise outcomes for both women and preterm newborns...
2017: BMJ Global Health
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