Read by QxMD icon Read

Peri-implant disease

Andrea Rubboli, Giuseppe Patti
BACKGROUND: In the era of dual antiplatelet therapy of aspirin and clopidogrel and systematic stent implantation, glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPI), including abciximab, eptifibatide and tirofiban, proved beneficial in improving early outcome of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), especially in higher risk clinical and/or anatomical subsets. This was associated however, with an increased incidence of bleeding complications. OBJECTIVE: To review whether the established results of GPI in PCI are maintained in the contemporary era of more effective antiplatelet agents (i...
January 16, 2018: Current Vascular Pharmacology
Yoko Ohyama, Junta Ito, Victor J Kitano, Jun Shimada, Yoshiyuki Hakeda
Inflammatory bone diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, periodontitis and peri-implantitis, are associated not only with the production of inflammatory cytokines but also with local oxidative status, which is defined by intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Osteoclast differentiation has been reported to be related to increased intracellular ROS levels in osteoclast lineage cells. Sudachitin, which is a polymethoxyflavone derived from Citrus sudachi, possesses antioxidant properties and regulates various functions in mammalian cells...
2018: PloS One
Eva Lücke, Uwe Steffen, Sandra Riedel, Jens Schreiber
In symptomatic malignant pleural effusions, mostly in a palliative situation, therapeutic procedures should be chosen to improve dyspnoea and the concomitant impairment of quality of life. Indwelling pleural catheters (IPC) have played an increasing role in recent years. The efficacy and safety of this method have not been adequately clarified under real-life clinical conditions. 94 patients, in whom IPC had been implanted because of a clinical indication, were analysed retrospectively with respect to efficacy and safety, together with patient characteristics, peri- and postinterventional complications, e...
January 11, 2018: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
Ko Ito, Kosuke Takahashi, Takashi Eda, Toshirou Kondoh, Alastair Goss
Peri-implant squamous cell carcinoma is an uncommon pathological manifestation, whereas, peri-implantitis is commonly found in association with dental implants. Both present similarly with loss of supporting soft and hard tissue around dental implants, therefore, a careful differential diagnosis is required. The present case concerns a 62-year-old Japanese male who had dental implant which had been in the left maxillary incisor region for four years who apparently developed peri-implantitis. This did not respond to localized therapy and antibiotics so was referred for specialist surgical management...
December 27, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
Q Wang, H X Meng
Peri-implant disease is an inflammatory status which leads to the destruction of the soft and hard tissues around osseointegrated implants, including peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis. It is generally accepted that bacterial infection appears to be responsible for peri-implant lesions. This review aims to summarize the characteristics of the subgingival microbiota in healthy and diseased implants and compare the microbial composition of subgingival biofilm in teeth with periodontal disease and in diseased implant, so as to provide biological basis on the diagnosis, therapy and prevention of peri-implant disease in clinical practice...
December 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Stefan Renvert, Ioannis Polyzois
Peri-implant and periodontal pockets share a number of anatomical features but also have distinct differences. These differences make peri-implant pockets more susceptible to trauma and infection than periodontal pockets. Inadequate maintenance can lead to infections (defined as peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis) within peri-implant pockets. These infections are recognized as inflammatory diseases, which ultimately lead to the loss of supporting bone. Diagnostic and treatment methods conventionally used in periodontics have been adopted to assess and treat these diseases...
February 2018: Periodontology 2000
Rafał Pokrowiecki, Agnieszka Mielczarek, Tomasz Zaręba, Stefan Tyski
Peri-implant infective diseases (PIIDs) in oral implantology are commonly known as peri-implant mucositis (PIM) and periimplantitis (PI). While PIM is restricted to the peri-implant mucosa and is reversible, PI also affects implant-supporting bone and, therefore, is very difficult to eradicate. PIIDs in clinical outcome may resemble gingivitis and periodontitis, as they share similar risk factors. However, recent study in the field of proteomics and other molecular studies indicate that PIIDs exhibit significant differences when compared to periodontal diseases...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Wendy Cw Wang, Miltiadis Lagoudis, Che-Wei Yeh, Klenise S Paranhos
Prevalence of peri-implant complication is expected to be on the rise with the increased number of implants being placed. Depending on the degree of osseous involvement, the clinician needs to decide if the treatment goal is to arrest the disease progression, regeneration or explantation and replacement. Host's medical status, defect configuration, aesthetic outcome, ability to access for plaque control post-treatment, and the patient's wishes are key factors to consider. The purpose of this review is to provide a contemporary synopsis on the management of peri-implantitis with emphasis on explantation...
December 2017: Singapore Dental Journal
Marlene Chevalier, Stephane Ranque, Isabelle Prêcheur
Inclusion of fungi as commensals in oral biofilm is an important innovation in oral biology, and this work aimed to review the literature on the available biofilm and related disease in vitro models. Actually, thousands of bacterial and around one hundred of fungal phylotypes can colonize the oral cavity. Taxonomic profiling combined with functional expression analysis has revealed that Candida albicans, Streptococcus mutans and prominent periodontopathogens are not always present or numerically important in candidiasis, caries, or periodontitis lesions...
December 8, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
Flavia R F Teles
A better characterization of the peri-implant microbiome can improve the understanding of the etiology of peri-implant diseases. Ultimately, more detailed information about the peri-implantitis microbiome will lead to better strategies for prevention, supportive therapy, and risk assessment, as well as early diagnosis of peri-implantitis and timely intervention, all of which are critical for the long-term retention of implants.
September 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Mariano Sanz, Myroslav Solonko, Fernando Luengo
Prevention and treatment of peri-implant diseases have become a key element in modern implant dentistry. The long-term success of implantsupported restorations is not only dependent on the quality and precision of modern implant systems, but on the efficacy of preventive measures for thelong-term maintenance of peri-implant tissues.
September 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Mia Rakic, Pablo Galindo-Moreno, Alberto Monje, Sandro Radovanovic, Hom-Lay Wang, David Cochran, Anton Sculean, Luigi Canullo
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to estimate the overall prevalence of peri-implantitis (PI) and the effect of different study designs, function times, and implant surfaces on prevalence rate reported by the studies adhering to the case definition of Sanz & Chapple 2012. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Following electronic and manual searches of the literature published up to February 2016, data were extracted from the studies fitting the study criteria. Meta-analysis was performed for estimation of overall prevalence of PI while the effects of the study design, function time, and implant surface type on prevalence rate were investigated using meta-regression method...
December 7, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
Nicole Shu-Wen Chan, Seng-Ei Ti, Soon-Phaik Chee
The visual outcome of uveitic cataract surgery depends on the underlying uveitic diagnosis, the presence of vision-limiting pathology and perioperative optimization of disease control. A comprehensive preoperative ophthalmic assessment for the presence of concomitant ocular pathology, with particular emphasis on macula and optic nerve involvement, is essential to determine which patients will benefit from improved vision after cataract surgery. Meticulous examination in conjunction with adjunct investigations can help in preoperative surgical planning and in determining the need for combined or staged procedures...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
(no author information available yet)
Periodontitis is common in the adult Finnish population. Also the prevalence of peri-implant diseases increases. As symptoms are rare, affected patients seldom seek dental care but require attention through the health care system. A careful periodontal screening, including risk assessment, is essential. Individual brushing and interdental cleaning instructions, as well as tobacco counseling, are important in preventing and treating these diseases, Early signs of periodontitis are indication for treatment, including necessary maintenance visits, preventing the severe periodontitis and its harmful consequences for the patient's dentition and general health...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
M A Lopez, N Manzulli, A D'Angelo, D Lauritano, R Papalia, V Candotto
It is well known in dentistry that there are numerous chronic conditions that require ongoing and constant management over time, the most noteworthy being periodontal disease, gingivitis and periodontitis. Yet, in recent years, with the increase in the number of implants being placed, mucositis and peri-implantitis have become more and more prevalent pathologies. The results of the statistical analysis demonstrate that there was a slight difference between the pocket depth as measured in the treated sites at time 0 (pre-treatment) and time 1 (15 days post-treatment), although the difference was so small as to render it statistically irrelevant...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Nikolaos Donos
Periodontal disease is synonymous with the presence of periodontal pockets, and very often the clinical success of periodontal therapy is based on periodontal pocket depth reduction. Therefore, in the fields of periodontology and implant dentistry, significant research effort has been placed on the etiopathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal/peri-implant disease and as a consequence on pocket pathology. In this volume of Periodontology 2000, the in-depth reviews include topics ranging from preclinical models, anatomy and structure of tissues, and molecular and bacterial components, to treatments of pockets around teeth and implants...
February 2018: Periodontology 2000
Saso Ivanovski, Ryan Lee
The integrity of the peri-implant soft-tissue seal is crucial for maintaining peri-implant tissue health. Whilst the transmucosal component of the restored implant shares some common features with teeth, namely the presence of a junctional epithelium and a connective tissue component, there are some important differences. A key difference is the nature of the relationship of the connective tissue with the implant surface, whereby there is 'adaptation' of collagen fibers in a parallel orientation in relation to the implant, but insertion of fiber attachment perpendicularly into cementum in the case of teeth...
February 2018: Periodontology 2000
Miriam Ting, James Craig, Burton E Balkin, Jon B Suzuki
The objective of this systematic review was to perform a comprehensive overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses pertaining to peri-implantitis in humans, including the prevalence and incidence, the diagnostic findings, the microbial findings, the effects of systemic diseases, and the treatment of peri-implantitis. Electronic databases were searched for systematic reviews and meta-analyses of peri-implantitis. In view of the limitations of the included systematic reviews, the outcome of this overview suggested that: 1) the occurrence of peri-implantitis was higher in patients with periodontitis, in patients who smoke, and after 5 years of implant function; 2) the microbial profile of peri-implantitis was different from periodontitis; 3) the risk for peri-implantitis was higher in patients with uncontrolled diabetes and cardiovascular disease; 4) there was no strong evidence to suggest the most effective treatment intervention for peri-implantitis, although most peri-implantitis treatments can produce successful outcomes; and 5) post-implant maintenance may be crucial in patients with a high risk of peri-implantitis...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
Reiner Mengel, Theresa Heim, Miriam Thöne-Mühling
AIM: The aim of this case-series study is to evaluate the prevalence of mucositis, peri-implantitis, and survival and success rates of oxide-coated implants in subjects treated for periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four subjects treated for generalized chronic periodontitis (GCP) and five treated for generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP) were orally rehabilitated with a total of 130 dental implants. Subjects were examined 2 to 4 weeks prior to extraction of non-retainable teeth and at insertion of superstructure...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
Yu Yang, Jinsong Guo, Xuan Zhou, Zhiqiang Liu, Chenbao Wang, Kaile Wang, Jue Zhang, Zuomin Wang
Peri-implantitis is difficult to treat in clinical settings; this is not only because it is a site-specific infectious disease but also because it impedes osseointegration. In this study, a novel cold atmospheric pressure air plasma jet (CAPAJ) was applied to study the treatment of peri-implantitis in vitro. CAPAJ treated the samples for 2, 4 and 6 min, respectively. To evaluate the titanium surface characteristics, the surface elemental composition (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy [XPS]), roughness and hydrophilicity were evaluated in each group...
November 23, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"