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Chronic pain and depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730167/the-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-chronic-idiopathic-anal-pain
#1
Weiming Mao, Xiujun Liao, Wenjing Wu, Yanyan Yu, Guangen Yang
The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes and psychological distress in patients with chronic idiopathic anal pain. The study was conducted on patients referred to Hangzhou Third Hospital for chronic anal pain from January, 2010 to December, 2014. Patient demographics, clinical history, anorectal physiology, and radiological imaging data were recorded for all patients. The treatment outcome was noted for patients treated and followed up for more than 6 month at the present unit...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729168/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-pain-fatigue-depressive-and-cognitive-symptoms-reveals-significant-daily-variability-in-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Anna L Kratz, Susan L Murphy, Tiffany J Braley
OBJECTIVE: To describe the daily variability and patterns of pain, fatigue, depressed mood, and cognitive function in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: Repeated-measures observational study of seven consecutive days of home monitoring, including ecological momentary assessment (EMA) of symptoms. Multilevel mixed models were used to analyze data. SETTING: General community. PARTICIPANTS: Ambulatory adults (N=107) with MS recruited through [Masked] and surrounding community...
July 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727492/chronic-psychological-stress-seems-associated-with-elements-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-ischaemic-heart-disease
#3
Natasha Bergmann, Søren Ballegaard, Jesper Krogh, Per Bech, Åke Hjalmarson, Finn Gyntelberg, Jens Faber
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic psychological stress, the metabolic syndrome (MS) and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) seem closely connected. In this study, we evaluate the association between chronic stress and elements of MS in patients with stable IHD. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. METHODS: Three hundred and fifty patients with stable IHD were included. Chronic stress was evaluated by the two questionnaires, Major Depression Inventory (MDI) and the psychological wellbeing index WHO-5, as well as by Pressure Pain Sensitivity (PPS), a physiological measure of hyperalgesia at the sternum known to be associated to elements of the chronic stress syndrome...
July 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726651/factors-associated-with-post-stroke-fatigue-within-the-first-3-month-after-stroke
#4
I Delva, N Lytvynenko, M Delva
Aim - identify socio-demographic, personal and psychological factors associated with certain post-stroke fatigue (PSF) domains within first 3 months after stroke. There were examined patients consequently in definite time points after ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes: at hospital stay (234 patients), in 1 month (203 patients) and in 3 months (176 patients). Global PSF and certain PSF domains were measured by multidimensional fatigue inventory-20 (MFI-20) scale. In multivariate logistic regression analysis the majority of variables (gender, marital status, education level, smoking status, level of alcohol consumption, apathetic impairments, arterial hypertension, atrial fibrillation, ischemic heart disease, diabetes mellitus, body mass index, waist circumference) were not significantly associated with any PSF domain risk at any time point after stroke...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721090/muscle-injections-with-lidocaine-improve-resting-fatigue-and-pain-in-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#5
Roland Staud, Taylor Kizer, Michael E Robinson
OBJECTIVE: Patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) complain of long-lasting fatigue and pain which are not relieved by rest and worsened by physical exertion. Previous research has implicated metaboreceptors of muscles to play an important role for chronic fatigue and pain. Therefore, we hypothesized that blocking impulse input from deep tissues with intramuscular lidocaine injections would improve not only the pain but also fatigue of CFS patients. METHODS: In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 58 CFS patients received 20 mL of 1% lidocaine (200 mg) or normal saline once into both trapezius and gluteal muscles...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720486/loss-of-synaptic-zinc-transport-in-progranulin-deficient-mice-may-contribute-to-progranulin-associated-psychopathology-and-chronic-pain
#6
Stefanie Hardt, Juliana Heidler, Boris Albuquerque, Lucie Valek, Christine Altmann, Annett Wilken-Schmitz, Michael K E Schäfer, Ilka Wittig, Irmgard Tegeder
Affective and cognitive processing of nociception contributes to the development of chronic pain and vice versa, pain may precipitate psychopathologic symptoms. We hypothesized a higher risk for the latter with immanent neurologic diseases and studied this potential interrelationship in progranulin-deficient mice, which are a model for frontotemporal dementia, a disease dominated by behavioral abnormalities in humans. Young naïve progranulin deficient mice behaved normal in tests of short-term memory, anxiety, depression and nociception, but after peripheral nerve injury, they showed attention-deficit and depression-like behavior, over-activity, loss of shelter-seeking, reduced impulse control and compulsive feeding behavior, which did not occur in equally injured controls...
July 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716365/functional-disability-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-the-mediator-role-of-suffering-and-beliefs-about-pain-control-in-patients-receiving-physical-and-chiropractic-treatment
#7
M Graça Pereira, Edite Roios, Marta Pereira
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is the leading cause of disability worldwide. There is evidence that depression, anxiety, and external locus of control are negative predictors of functional disability in low back patients. METHODS: This study focused on the mediator role of suffering and beliefs about pain control in the relationship between psychological morbidity and functional disability in patients receiving physical therapy and chiropractic treatment for chronic low back pain...
July 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715354/validation-of-eq-5d-and-15d-in-the-assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-chronic-pain
#8
Pekka Vartiainen, Pekka Mäntyselkä, Tarja Heiskanen, Nora Hagelberg, Seppo Mustola, Heli Forssell, Hannu Kautiainen, Eija Kalso
Chronic pain has a significant impact on quality of life. Measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is essential in the assessment of pain management outcomes, but different instruments have produced varying results. We assessed the validity of 2 HRQoL instruments, EuroQol 5 dimensions questionnaire (EQ-5D) and 15-dimensional health-related quality of life measure (15D), in patients with challenging chronic pain. Three hundred ninety-one chronic noncancer pain patients referred to tertiary pain clinics completed EQ-5D, 15D, and a broad set of questionnaires mapping socioeconomic factors, self-rated health, pain intensity and interference, depression, pain acceptance, pain-related anxiety, and sleep...
August 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713853/factors-associated-with-acute-postoperative-pain-following-breast-reconstruction
#9
Anita R Kulkarni, Andrea L Pusic, Jennifer B Hamill, Hyungjin M Kim, Ji Qi, Edwin G Wilkins, Randy S Roth
INTRODUCTION: Post-mastectomy breast reconstruction has become an increasingly important component of breast cancer treatment. Unfortunately, some patients experience severe postoperative pain, placing them at risk for increased clinical morbidity and the development of disabling chronic pain. In an attempt to identify at-risk patients, we prospectively evaluated patient characteristics and medical/surgical variables associated with more severe acute post-reconstruction pain. METHODS: Women (N = 2207; one-week 82...
March 2017: JPRAS Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712419/the-relationship-between-childhood-adversities-and-fibromyalgia-in-the-general-population
#10
Aleksi Varinen, Elise Kosunen, Kari Mattila, Tuomas Koskela, Markku Sumanen
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a syndrome characterized by widespread pain and a variety of somatic symptoms. The international prevalence of fibromyalgia is 2-5%, but its current prevalence in Finland is unclear. Various adversities are linked to the onset of fibromyalgia. However, there is need for more data regarding the association between childhood physical abuse and fibromyalgia. Further, the association of childhood emotional stressors and fibromyalgia is disputed. The aim of the current study is to produce more information about that relationship using data from the Health and Social Support (HeSSup) Study...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709432/specialist-treatment-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-me-a-cohort-study-among-adult-patients-in-england
#11
Simon M Collin, Esther Crawley
BACKGROUND: NHS specialist chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS/ME) services in England treat approximately 8000 adult patients each year. Variation in therapy programmes and treatment outcomes across services has not been described. METHODS: We described treatments provided by 11 CFS/ME specialist services and we measured changes in patient-reported fatigue (Chalder, Checklist Individual Strength), function (SF-36 physical subscale, Work & Social Adjustment Scale), anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety & Depression Scale), pain (visual analogue rating), sleep (Epworth, Jenkins), and overall health (Clinical Global Impression) 1 year after the start of treatment, plus questions about impact of CFS/ME on employment, education/training and domestic tasks/unpaid work...
July 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709405/rehabilitation-access-and-effectiveness-for-persons-with-back-pain-the-protocol-of-a-cohort-study-rehab-bp-drks00011554
#12
Matthias Bethge, Kerstin Mattukat, David Fauser, Wilfried Mau
BACKGROUND: Back pain is one of the most common chronic diseases in Germany and has a major impact on work ability and social participation. The German Pension Insurance (GPI) is the main provider of medical rehabilitation to improve work ability and prevent disability pensions in Germany. However, over half of the persons granted a disability pension have never used a medical rehabilitation service. Furthermore, evidence on the effects of medical rehabilitation in Germany is inconclusive...
July 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706741/the-link-between-depression-and-chronic-pain-neural-mechanisms-in-the-brain
#13
REVIEW
Jiyao Sheng, Shui Liu, Yicun Wang, Ranji Cui, Xuewen Zhang
Chronic pain, as a stress state, is one of the critical factors for determining depression, and their coexistence tends to further aggravate the severity of both disorders. Unfortunately, their association remains unclear, which creates a bottleneck problem for managing chronic pain-induced depression. In recent years, studies have found considerable overlaps between pain- and depression-induced neuroplasticity changes and neurobiological mechanism changes. Such overlaps are vital to facilitating the occurrence and development of chronic pain and chronic pain-induced depression...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706449/effects-of-tianeptine-on-symptoms-of-fibromyalgia-via-bdnf-signaling-in-a-fibromyalgia-animal-model
#14
Hwayoung Lee, Jiyun Im, Hansol Won, Wooyoung Nam, Young Ock Kim, Sang Won Lee, Sanghyun Lee, Ik-Hyun Cho, Hyung-Ki Kim, Jun-Tack Kwon, Hak-Jae Kim
Previous reports have suggested that physical and psychological stresses may trigger fibromyalgia (FM). Stress is an important risk factor in the development of depression and memory impairments. Antidepressants have been used to prevent stress-induced abnormal pain sensation. Among various antidepressants, tianeptine has been reported to be able to prevent neurodegeneration due to chronic stress and reverse decreases in hippocampal volume. To assess the possible effect of tianeptine on FM symptoms, we constructed a FM animal model induced by restraint stress with intermittent cold stress...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704156/quality-of-life-in-patients-with-leg-ulcers-results-from-challenge-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
S Meaume, A Dompmartin, C Lok, I Lazareth, M Sigal, F Truchetet, A Sauvadet, S Bohbot
OBJECTIVE: We recently showed the superiority of a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) modulating dressing (foam impregnated with NOSF, nano-oligosaccharide factor) compared with a lipidocolloid matrix (TLC) control dressing in median wound area reduction (WAR). Here we report the results from the same study assessing the performance and safety of TLC-NOSF in the local management of venous leg ulcers (VLUs) or mixed leg ulcers and determining its impact on the patient's health-related quality of life (HRQoL)...
July 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704129/electromagnetic-information-transfer-through-aqueous-system
#16
Alberto Foletti, Mario Ledda, Maria Grazia Lolli, Settimio Grimaldi, Antonella Lisi
Several beneficial effects of the electromagnetic information transfer through aqueous system (EMITTAS) procedure have previously been reported in vitro. The clinical potential of this procedure has also started to be evaluated. Information flow in biological systems can be investigated through chemical and molecular approaches or by a biophysical approach focused on endogenous electrodynamic activities. Electromagnetic signals are endogenously generated at different levels of the biological organization and, likely, play an active role in synchronizing internal cell function or local/systemic adaptive response...
July 13, 2017: Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701628/study-of-chronic-pain-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-japanese-industry-workers-the-quality-of-working-life-influenced-by-chronic-pain-qwlic-study
#17
Keiko Yamada, Kenta Wakaizumi, Kyosuke Fukai, Hiroyasu Iso, Tomotaka Sobue, Masahiko Shibata, Ko Matsudaira
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to identify the prevalence, influence, and risk factors associated with chronic pain among Japanese industry workers. METHODS: We investigated 2,544 participants working at a manufacturing company A, a manufacturing company B, and 16 branch shops of a retail chain company C. The participants responded to self-administered questionnaires related to pain. Furthermore, data obtained from the lifestyle interview sheet of an annual health screening examination and those obtained from the questionnaires were merged...
July 13, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699301/prospective-evaluation-of-patient-usage-of-above-and-below-threshold-waveforms-with-traditional-spinal-cord-stimulation-devices
#18
Stephanie Owusu, Alexander Huynh, Eric Gruenthal, Julia Prusik, Stephane Owusu-Sarpong, Rasan Cherala, Sophia Peng, Julie G Pilitsis, Sarah E McCallum
OBJECTIVES: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an efficacious therapy used to treat chronic pain. The type of SCS programming is important in improving patients' quality of life and overall satisfaction. In this study, 19 patients who underwent SCS with traditional devices were given between 4 and 6 programs including programs with stimulation below sensory threshold and above sensory threshold. Usage patterns and preferences were assessed. METHODS: SCS patients were given 4-6 programs, some above sensory threshold and some below threshold immediately postoperatively after permanent implantation...
July 11, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692781/depression-as-a-risk-factor-of-organic-diseases-an-international-integrative-review
#19
Teodora Bica, Ruth Castelló, Loren L Toussaint, Pilar Montesó-Curto
PURPOSE AND DESIGN: This integrative review offers a systematic synthesis of the international literature regarding the role of depression as a risk factor in physical illnesses and the mechanisms of this connection. Special attention is paid to those modifiable factors. FINDINGS: Published studies of depression and physical illness and disease(N = 24) from five countries that were indexed in PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), APA PsycNET, Scopus, Dialnet, and CUIDEN were examined...
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688789/yoga-treatment-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-2017
#20
Alison Whitehead, Susan Gould Fogerite
Wieland LS, Skoetz N, Pilkington K, Vempati R, D׳Adamo CR, Berman BM. Yoga treatment for chronic non-specific low back pain.Cochrane Database Syst Rev2017, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD010671. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010671.pub2. BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is a common, potentially disabling condition usually treated with self-care and non-prescription medication. For chronic low back pain, current guidelines state that exercise therapy may be beneficial. Yoga is a mind-body exercise sometimes used for non-specific low back pain...
April 22, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
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