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Self efficacy and depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096903/anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-among-women-attending-group-based-patient-education-courses-for-hereditary-breast-and-ovarian-cancer
#1
Wenche Listøl, Hildegunn Høberg-Vetti, Geir Egil Eide, Cathrine Bjorvatn
BACKGROUND: Women carrying BRCA-mutations are facing significant challenges, including decision making regarding surveillance and risk-reducing surgery. They often report that they are left alone with these important decisions. In order to enhance the genetic counselling session we organized a group-based patient education (GPE) course for women with BRCA-mutations. The study aims were to characterize women attending a group-based patient education (GPE) course for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer, consider the usefulness of the course, evaluate symptoms of anxiety and depression among the participants, and finally investigate whether their levels of anxiety and depression changed from before to after the course session...
2017: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096869/short-term-psychiatric-rehabilitation-in-major-depressive-and-bipolar-disorders-neuropsychological-psychosocial-outcomes
#2
Giampaolo Perna, Silvia Daccò, Ferdinando Sacco, Wilma Micieli, Paolo Cavedini, Daniela Caldirola
OBJECTIVE: Our pilot study aims to investigate the efficacy of a Short-Term (4 weeks) Psychiatric Rehabilitation Program (S-T PsyRP), without specific cognitive remediation trainings, on the neuropsychological performance and psychosocial functioning of inpatients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or Bipolar Disorder (BD). Published studies with similar aims are lacking. METHODS: Fifty-three inpatients with MDD and 27 with BD (type I/II) were included. The S-T PsyRP was usually performed as clinical practice at Villa San Benedetto Menni Hospital and included a variety of activities aimed at promoting personal autonomies, interpersonal/social skills, and self-care...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092450/preintervention-profiles-of-information-motivational-and-behavioral-self-efficacy-for-methamphetamine-use-and-hiv-medication-adherence-among-gay-and-bisexual-men
#3
Tyrel J Starks, Brett M Millar, Jonathan M Lassiter, Jeffrey T Parsons
Although rates of crystal methamphetamine use in the United States have fallen from their peak in the mid-2000s, use remains a major public health concern, which disproportionately affects gay and bisexual men (GBM). It poses a particular challenge for HIV-positive men, for whom it has been linked to medication adherence problems as well as compromised immune function. Although the information, motivation, and behavioral skills (IMB) model has been widely used to conceptualize health behavior, little is known about GBM's initial levels of information, motivation, and behavioral self-efficacy to improve HIV medication adherence and to reduce crystal methamphetamine use at the outset of treatment...
January 16, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092060/parenting-self-efficacy-parent-depression-and-healthy-childhood-behaviors-in-a-low-income-minority-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#4
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds Taylor, Kenneth A Wallston, Shari L Barkin
Objectives Childhood obesity prevention and treatment depends, in part, on parents acting as agents of change for their children. Our objective was to measure the associations between parenting self-efficacy, parent depressive symptoms, and preschool child behaviors that support healthy growth. Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Parenting self-efficacy was measured using a 5-item version of the Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC-5) scale (α= 0...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#5
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087794/bouncing-back-resilience-and-mastery-among-hiv-positive-older-gay-and-bisexual-men
#6
Charles A Emlet, Chengshi Shiu, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Adults with HIV infection are living into old age. It is critical we investigate positive constructs such as resilience and mastery to determine factors associated with psychological well-being. We examine HIV-related factors, adverse conditions, and psychosocial characteristics that are associated with resilience (the ability to bounce back) and mastery (sense of self-efficacy). DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed 2014 data from the longitudinal study Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS), focusing on a subsample of 335 gay and bisexual older men...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086836/an-internet-based-self-help-intervention-for-older-adults-after-marital-bereavement-separation-or-divorce-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Jeannette Brodbeck, Thomas Berger, Hans Joerg Znoj
BACKGROUND: Marital bereavement and separation or divorce are among the most stressful critical life events in later life. These events require a dissolution of social and emotional ties, adjustments in daily routine and changes in identity and perspectives for the future. After a normative grief or distress reaction, most individuals cope well with the loss. However, some develop a prolonged grief reaction. Internet-based self-help interventions have proved beneficial for a broad range of disorders, including complicated grief...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086827/mothers-accounts-of-the-impact-on-emotional-wellbeing-of-organised-peer-support-in-pregnancy-and-early-parenthood-a-qualitative-study
#8
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood is a potentially vulnerable time for mothers' mental health and approximately 9-21% of women experience depression and/or anxiety at this time. Many more experience sub-clinical symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as stress, low self-esteem and a loss of confidence. Women's emotional wellbeing is more at risk if they have little social support, a low income, are single parents or have a poor relationship with their partner. Peer support can comprise emotional, affirmational, informational and practical support; evidence of its impact on emotional wellbeing during pregnancy and afterwards is mixed...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068613/behavioral-activation-treatment-for-major-depression-a-randomized-trial-of-the-efficacy-of-augmentation-with-cognitive-control-training
#9
Samantha J Moshier, Michael W Otto
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with hypoactivation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, a brain region involved in emotion regulation and basic cognitive control processes. Recent studies have indicated that computerized interventions designed to activate this region may reduce depressive and ruminative symptoms. In this double-blind randomized controlled trial, we tested whether one such program, called Cognitive Control Training (CCT), enhanced treatment outcomes when used in adjunct to brief behavior therapy for MDD...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068147/do-wellness-tourists-get-well-an-observational-study-of-multiple-dimensions-of-health-and-well-being-after-a-week-long-retreat
#10
Marc M Cohen, Fiona Elliott, Liza Oates, Adrian Schembri, Nitin Mantri
BACKGROUND: Wellness retreats use many complementary and alternative therapies within a holistic residential setting, yet few studies have evaluated the effect of retreat experiences on multiple dimensions of health and well-being, and no published studies have reported health outcomes in wellness tourists. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of a week-long wellness-retreat experience in wellness tourists. DESIGN: A longitudinal observational study with outcomes assessed upon arrival and departure and 6 weeks after the retreat...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064028/resilient-empowered-active-living-with-diabetes-real-diabetes-study-methodology-and-baseline-characteristics-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-an-occupation-based-diabetes-management-intervention-for-young-adults
#11
Elizabeth A Pyatak, Kristine Carandang, Cheryl Vigen, Jeanine Blanchard, Paola A Sequeira, Jamie R Wood, Donna Spruijt-Metz, Robin Whittemore, Anne L Peters
OVERVIEW: This paper describes the study protocol used to evaluate the Resilient, Empowered, Active Living with Diabetes (REAL Diabetes) intervention and reports on baseline characteristics of recruited participants. REAL Diabetes is an activity-based intervention designed to address the needs of young adults diagnosed with type 1 (T1D) or type 2 diabetes (T2D) from low socioeconomic status or racial/ethnic minority backgrounds. The REAL intervention incorporates tailored delivery of seven content modules addressing various dimensions of health and well-being as they relate to diabetes, delivered by a licensed occupational therapist...
January 5, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063069/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-arthritis-self-efficacy-scale-8-ases-8-in-a-rheumatoid-arthritis-population
#12
Lei Gao, Xiao-Cui Zhang, Miao-Miao Li, Ji-Qing Yuan, Xue-Jun Cui, Bao-Xin Shi
The Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale-8 (ASES-8) is a valid tool to measure patients' arthritis-specific self-efficacy. However, evidence about reliability and validity of the ASES-8 in Chinese arthritis patients is lacking. This study aimed to culturally adapt and test the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the ASES-8. Chinese ASES-8 was translated from original English version using translation and back-translation procedures. Validation survey was then conducted in a university-affiliated hospital by a set of questionnaires comprised Chinese ASES-8, pain-VAS, The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy Fatigue (FACIT-F), and Short Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36) physical functioning subscale...
January 6, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062537/effects-of-coping-skills-training-on-quality-of-life-disease-biomarkers-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-heart-failure-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Andrew Sherwood, James A Blumenthal, Gary G Koch, Benson M Hoffman, Lana L Watkins, Patrick J Smith, Christopher M O'Connor, Kirkwood F Adams, Joseph G Rogers, Carla Sueta, Patricia P Chang, Kristy S Johnson, Jeanne Schwartz, Alan L Hinderliter
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a chronic disease that compromises patients' quality of life (QoL). Interventions designed to reduce distress and improve disease self-management are needed. We evaluated the efficacy of a telephone-based coping skills training (CST) intervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: This randomized clinical trial involved 180 HF outpatients with reduced ejection fraction. Participants ranged in age from 29 to 87 years (mean=58 years); 27% were women, and 47% were nonwhite...
January 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060005/exploration-of-health-status-illness-perceptions-coping-strategies-psychological-morbidity-and-quality-of-life-in-individuals-with-fecal-ostomies
#14
Simon R Knowles, Davina Tribbick, William R Connell, David Castle, Michael Salzberg, Michael A Kamm
PURPOSE: In a previous paper focusing on the common sense model (CSM) for ostomies in people with inflammatory bowel disease, cancer, and diverticular disease, we reported that (1) illness perceptions were directly related to illness status, and both illness perceptions and coping strategies (maladaptive coping) directly influenced anxiety and depression; (2) self-efficacy and emotion-focused coping style ameliorated depression but not anxiety; and (3) time since surgery was associated with improved health status, a reduction in negative illness perceptions, and increased emotional-focused coping...
January 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056972/perceived-stress-in-first-year-medical-students-associations-with-personal-resources-and-emotional-distress
#15
Ines Heinen, Monika Bullinger, Rüya-Daniela Kocalevent
BACKGROUND: Medical students have been found to report high levels of perceived stress, yet there is a lack of theoretical frameworks examining possible reasons. This cross-sectional study examines correlates of perceived stress in medical students on the basis of a conceptual stress model originally developed for and applied to the general population. The aim was to identify via structural equation modeling the associations between perceived stress and emotional distress (anxiety and depression), taking into account the activation of personal resources (optimism, self-efficacy and resilient coping)...
January 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053520/psychometric-properties-of-the-physical-activity-scale-for-the-elderly-in-chinese-patients-with-copd
#16
Yan-Xia Tao, Lan Wang, Xiao-Yan Dong, Hong Zheng, Ya-Shu Zheng, Xing-Yue Tang, Yue Zhao, Qing Zhang
BACKGROUND: For patients with COPD, physical activity (PA) is recommended as the core component of pulmonary rehabilitation, but there is lack of a validated questionnaire for assessing the PA effectively. AIM: To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE-C) in patients with COPD. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 167 outpatients aged 60 years or older with COPD...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052513/improving-late-life-depression-and-cognitive-control-through-the-use-of-therapeutic-video-game-technology-a-proof-of-concept-randomized-trial
#17
Joaquin A Anguera, Faith M Gunning, Patricia A Areán
BACKGROUND: Existing treatments for depression are known to have only modest effects, are insufficiently targeted, and are inconsistently utilized, particularly in older adults. Indeed, older adults with impaired cognitive control networks tend to demonstrate poor response to a majority of existing depression interventions. Cognitive control interventions delivered using entertainment software have the potential to not only target the underlying cerebral dysfunction associated with depression, but to do so in a manner that is engaging and engenders adherence to treatment protocol...
January 3, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049069/prevention-of-anxiety-disorders-and-depression-by-targeting-excessive-worry-and-rumination-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Maurice Topper, Paul M G Emmelkamp, Ed Watkins, Thomas Ehring
BACKGROUND: This randomized controlled trial evaluated the efficacy of a preventive intervention for anxiety disorders and depression by targeting excessive levels of repetitive negative thinking (RNT; worry and rumination) in adolescents and young adults. METHODS: Participants (N = 251, 83.7% female) showing elevated levels of RNT were randomly allocated to a 6-week cognitive-behavioral training delivered in a group, via the internet, or to a waitlist control condition...
December 23, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042417/the-efficacy-of-well-being-therapy-for-depression-in-infertile-women
#19
Majid Moeenizadeh, Haniyeh Zarif
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a major public health problem with physical, psychological and social dimensions. High prevalence of psychological problems has been reported in infertile women. The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of well- being therapy (WBT) for depression in infertile women who were referred to an infertility center in Mashhad, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This preliminary trial was conducted at the Montasariya Infertility Center, Mashhad, Iran, between July and October 2011...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041600/study-protocol-for-the-option-randomised-controlled-trial-on-the-effect-of-prioritising-treatment-goals-among-older-patients-with-cancer-in-a-palliative-setting
#20
M E Stegmann, J Schuling, T J N Hiltermann, A K L Reyners, H Burger, M Y Berger, A J Berendsen
PURPOSE: Traditionally, general practitioners (GPs) are not involved in cancer-related treatment decisions, despite their often long relationship with patients, and their unique position to explore patients' values, especially with older patients. Therefore, we designed a randomised controlled trial to study the effect, on self-efficacy related to treatment decisions, of a conversation about treatment goals between GPs and patients with cancer in a palliative setting. METHODS: We aim to include 168 patients aged ≥70 years with a diagnosis of non-curable cancer, due to consult their oncologist about treatment options...
February 2017: Maturitas
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