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Self efficacy and depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726973/heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-stress-relief-program-for-depression-a-replicated-single-subject-design
#1
Bregje M A Hartogs, Agna Bartels-Velthuis, Karen Van der Ploeg, Elske H Bos
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders often have a chronic course and the efficacy of evidence-based treatments may be overestimated. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of the Heart Rate Variability Stress Reduction Program (SRP) as a supplement to standard treatment in patients with depressive disorders. METHODS: The SRP was individually administered in eight weekly sessions. Seven participants completed the full protocol and were enrolled in a single-subject ABA multiple baseline experimental design...
July 19, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726481/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-online-modular-active-learning-training-program-for-behavioral-activation-for-depression
#2
Ajeng J Puspitasari, Jonathan W Kanter, Andrew M Busch, Rachel Leonard, Shira Dunsiger, Shawn Cahill, Christopher Martell, Kelly Koerner
OBJECTIVE: This randomized-controlled trial assessed the efficacy of a trainer-led, active-learning, modular, online behavioral activation (BA) training program compared with a self-paced online BA training with the same modular content. METHOD: Seventy-seven graduate students (M = 30.3 years, SD = 6.09; 76.6% female) in mental health training programs were randomly assigned to receive either the trainer-led or self-paced BA training. Both trainings consisted of 4 weekly sessions covering 4 core BA strategies...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725956/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-clinical-correlates-and-impact-on-psychosocial-treatment-outcomes
#3
Heather A MacPherson, Sally M Weinstein, Amy E West
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in childhood is not well documented, especially among youth with pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD). The current study evaluated prevalence and correlates of NSSI, and its impact on intervention response, in a randomized trial of Child- and Family-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CFF-CBT) versus Treatment As Usual (TAU), adjunctive to pharmacotherapy. This study included 72 children ages 7-13 (58% male) with PBD. NSSI and correlates were assessed at baseline; mood and psychiatric severity were measured longitudinally...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723227/extended-release-guanfacine-does-not-show-a-large-effect-on-tic-severity-in-children-with-chronic-tic-disorders
#4
Tanya K Murphy, Thomas V Fernandez, Barbara J Coffey, Omar Rahman, Allison Gavaletz, Camille E Hanks, Caitlin S Tillberg, Laura Ibanez Gomez, Denis G Sukhodolsky, Lily Katsovich, Lawrence Scahill
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the tolerability, safety, and preliminary efficacy of extended-release guanfacine in children with chronic tic disorders, including Tourette's disorder (collectively referred to as CTD). METHODS: This was a multisite, 8-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. The primary outcome measure was the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS) total score. Key secondary outcomes included the Improvement item of Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement (CGI-I) scale and the Tic Symptom Self-report (TSSR)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720259/empowering-survivors-after-colorectal-and-lung-cancer-treatment-pilot-study-of-a-self-management-survivorship-care-planning-intervention
#5
Anne Reb, Nora Ruel, Marwan Fakih, Lily Lai, Ravi Salgia, Betty Ferrell, Sagus Sampath, Jae Y Kim, Dan J Raz, Virginia Sun
PURPOSE: This study evaluates the feasibility and acceptability of a Self-Management Survivorship Care Planning (SM-SCP) intervention in colorectal and lung cancer survivors. METHODS: This is a single-group, pre- and post-mixed methods study of an advance practice nurse-driven survivorship care intervention that integrates a survivorship care plan with self-management skills coaching. Colorectal and lung cancer survivors with stage I-III disease were enrolled at 3-6 months after completing treatments, and the intervention was administered in one in-person or telephone session...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718878/deep-brain-and-cortical-stimulation-for-epilepsy
#6
REVIEW
Mathieu Sprengers, Kristl Vonck, Evelien Carrette, Anthony G Marson, Paul Boon
BACKGROUND: Despite optimal medical treatment, including epilepsy surgery, many epilepsy patients have uncontrolled seizures. Since the 1970s interest has grown in invasive intracranial neurostimulation as a treatment for these patients. Intracranial stimulation includes both deep brain stimulation (DBS) (stimulation through depth electrodes) and cortical stimulation (subdural electrodes). This is an updated version of a previous Cochrane review published in 2014. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of DBS and cortical stimulation for refractory epilepsy based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
July 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712424/determinants-and-incidence-of-depression-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
S A Berzins, A G Bulloch, J M Burton, K S Dobson, G H Fick, S B Patten
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and explore potential determinants of incidence of depression in MS. METHODS: A prospective cohort study used a sample of 192 patients from the southern Alberta MS clinic registry. Participants completed baseline risk factor assessment questionnaires using either online, mail or telephone surveys, and completed the Patient Health Questionnaire every 2weeks for 6months to assess depressive symptoms in real time. Risk factors assessed included biopsychosocial variables such as socioeconomic status, illness-related factors, childhood risk factors, psychosocial factors, and health behaviors...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711464/personality-and-survival-in-older-age-the-role-of-lifestyle-behaviors-and-health-status
#8
Debora Rizzuto, Enrico Mossello, Laura Fratiglioni, Giola Santoni, Hui-Xin Wang
OBJECTIVE: We intended to assess the relationship between personality and survival in an older population and to explore the role of lifestyle behaviors and health status as potential mediators. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Swedish National Study of Aging and Care in Kungsholmen, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: 2,298 adults aged 60 or more years, without dementia or depression, followed for 11 years. MEASUREMENTS: Personality (extraversion, neuroticism, and openness) was assessed with a shortened version of the NEO-Five Factor Inventory...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711112/mobile-phone-based-mood-ratings-prospectively-predict-psychotherapy-attendance
#9
Emma Bruehlman-Senecal, Adrian Aguilera, Stephen M Schueller
Psychotherapy nonattendance is a costly and pervasive problem. While prior research has identified stable patient-level predictors of attendance, far less is known about dynamic (i.e., time-varying) factors. Identifying dynamic predictors can clarify how clinical states relate to psychotherapy attendance and inform effective "just-in-time" interventions to promote attendance. The present study examines whether daily mood, as measured by responses to automated mobile phone-based text messages, prospectively predicts attendance in group cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for depression...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709405/rehabilitation-access-and-effectiveness-for-persons-with-back-pain-the-protocol-of-a-cohort-study-rehab-bp-drks00011554
#10
Matthias Bethge, Kerstin Mattukat, David Fauser, Wilfried Mau
BACKGROUND: Back pain is one of the most common chronic diseases in Germany and has a major impact on work ability and social participation. The German Pension Insurance (GPI) is the main provider of medical rehabilitation to improve work ability and prevent disability pensions in Germany. However, over half of the persons granted a disability pension have never used a medical rehabilitation service. Furthermore, evidence on the effects of medical rehabilitation in Germany is inconclusive...
July 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707633/using-a-personality-inventory-to-identify-risk-of-distress-and-burnout-among-early-stage-medical-students
#11
Stephanie A Bughi, Desiree A Lie, Stephanie K Zia, Jane Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Distress and burnout are common among medical students and negatively impact students' physical, mental, and emotional health. Personality inventories such as the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), used in medical education, may have a role in identifying burnout risk early. METHODS: The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey study among 185 1st year medical students with the MBTI, the general well-being schedule (GWB), and Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS)...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706563/quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-bipolar-i-depression-treated-with-olanzapine-fluoxetine-combination
#12
Daniel J Walker, Melissa P DelBello, John Landry, Deborah N D'Souza, Holland C Detke
BACKGROUND: We examined the efficacy of olanzapine/fluoxetine combination (OFC) in improving health-related quality of life (QoL) in the treatment of bipolar depression in children and adolescents. METHODS: Patients aged 10-17 years with bipolar I disorder, depressed episode, baseline children's depression rating scale-revised (CDRS-R) total score ≥40, Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) total score ≤15, and YMRS-item 1 ≤ 2 were randomized to OFC (6/25-12/50 mg/day olanzapine/fluoxetine; n = 170) or placebo (n = 85) for up to 8 weeks of double-blind treatment...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706176/effects-of-a-memory-and-visual-motor-integration-program-for-older-adults-based-on-self-efficacy-theory
#13
Eun Hwi Kim, Soon Rim Suh
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to verify the effects of a memory and visual-motor integration program for older adults based on self-efficacy theory. METHODS: A non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was implemented in this quasi-experimental study. The participants were 62 older adults from senior centers and older adult welfare facilities in D and G city (Experimental group=30, Control group=32). The experimental group took part in a 12-session memory and visual-motor integration program over 6 weeks...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696135/application-of-solution-focused-brief-therapy-sfbt-in-individuals-after-stroke
#14
Hubert M Wichowicz, Lidia Puchalska, Anna M Rybak-Korneluk, Dariusz Gąsecki, Anna Wiśniewska
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) in individuals after stroke on self-efficacy, symptoms of depression and anxiety. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Clinic of Adult Neurology of Medical University of Gdańsk and M. Copernicus Pomeranian Traumatology Centre in Gdańsk. SUBJECTS: A total of 62 patients, aged 54.0 ± 9.6 years. INTERVENTIONS: They were randomly assigned to one of the two groups: SFBT participating in 10 therapy sessions and control - not participating in any psychotherapy...
July 11, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696032/research-review-harnessing-the-power-of-individual-participant-data-in-a-meta-analysis-of-the-benefits-and-harms-of-the-incredible-years-parenting-program
#15
REVIEW
Patty Leijten, Frances Gardner, Sabine Landau, Victoria Harris, Joanna Mann, Judy Hutchings, Jennifer Beecham, Eva-Maria Bonin, Stephen Scott
BACKGROUND: Parenting programs aim to reduce children's conduct problems through improvement of family dynamics. To date, research on the precise benefits and possible harms of parenting programs on family well-being has been unsystematic and likely to be subject to selective outcome reporting and publication bias. Better understanding of program benefits and harms requires full disclosure by researchers of all included measures, and large enough numbers of participants to be able to detect small effects and estimate them precisely...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695416/sources-of-variability-in-physical-activity-among-inactive-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Marcin K Uszynski, Matthew P Herring, Blathin Casey, Sara Hayes, Stephen Gallagher, Robert W Motl, Susan Coote
PURPOSE: Evidence supports that physical activity (PA) improves symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS). Although application of principles from Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) may facilitate positive changes in PA behaviour among people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS), the constructs often explain limited variance in PA. This study investigated the extent to which MS symptoms, including fatigue, depression, and walking limitations combined with the SCT constructs, explained more variance in PA than SCT constructs alone among pwMS...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693599/determining-the-impact-of-24-7-phone-support-on-hospital-readmissions-after-aortic-valve-replacement-surgery-the-avrre-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Irene Lie, Stein Ove Danielsen, Theis Tønnessen, Svein Solheim, Marit Leegaard, Leiv Sandvik, Torbjørn Wisløff, Jonny Vangen, Tor Henning Røsstad, Philip Moons
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (sAVR) have high rates of 30-day readmissions. They also report a low health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and elevated anxiety and depression. The aim of the AVRre study is to determine the efficacy and cost of a 24/7 phone-support intervention in reducing post-discharge readmissions after sAVR. The nature of the support is to help patients better understand and self-manage non-urgent symptoms at home. METHODS/DESIGN: AVRre is a prospective, randomised controlled study comprising 30 days of continuous phone-support intervention and then intermittent follow-up for the first 12 months...
May 30, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689160/effects-of-self-management-on-chronic-kidney-disease-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Mei-Yu Lin, Megan F Liu, Lan-Fang Hsu, Pei-Shan Tsai
BACKGROUND: Self-management programs may facilitate the improvement of outcomes in medical, role, and emotional management and health-related quality of life in patients with chronic kidney disease. Studies on the effect of three self-management tasks have reported conflicting findings. In addition, systematic reviews are unavailable. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effects of self-management programs on medical, role, and emotional management and health-related quality of life in chronic kidney disease...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683558/supporting-university-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Ashleigh Hillier, Jody Goldstein, Deirdra Murphy, Rhoda Trietsch, Jacqueline Keeves, Eva Mendes, Alexa Queenan
Increasing numbers of students with autism spectrum disorder are entering higher education. Their success can be jeopardized by organizational, social/emotional, and academic challenges if appropriate supports are not in place. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a support group model for university students with autism spectrum disorder in improving psychological and functional outcomes. A curriculum guided the weekly discussions and consisted of topics such as time and stress management, managing group work, and social communication...
June 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681713/childhood-adversities-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-are-they-related-to-comorbid-lifetime-major-depression
#20
Alessandra Alciati, Fabiola Atzeni, Massimiliano Grassi, Daniela Caldirola, Alice Riva, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Giampaolo Perna
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a syndrome of unknown aetiology that is frequently associated with depressive disorders, and childhood adversities (including maltreatment and parental loss) are frequently described in subjects with FM and depression. The aim of this study was to investigate the extent to which the high percentage of childhood adversities reported by patients with FM is related to FM itself or to a comorbid lifetime depressive disorder. METHODS: Ninety-four consecutive FM patients were assessed for lifetime major depression using the DSM-IVSCID-CV interview...
May 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
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