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Self efficacy and depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154606/dyadic-effects-of-depressive-symptoms-on-medical-morbidity-in-middle-aged-and-older-couples
#1
Courtney A Polenick, Brenna N Renn, Kira S Birditt
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptoms in middle and later life are associated with an increased risk of greater medical morbidity (i.e., number of chronic health conditions). Yet little is known about mutual influences that may occur within married couples. This study examined the effects of wives' and husbands' depressive symptoms on their own and their partner's number of chronic health conditions over an 8-year period. It was also determined whether these effects varied by gender. METHOD: The U...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154553/a-randomized-trial-of-female-specific-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-alcohol-dependent-women
#2
Elizabeth E Epstein, Barbara S McCrady, Kevin A Hallgren, Sharon Cook, Noelle K Jensen, Thomas Hildebrandt
This study compared Female-Specific Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (FS-CBT) to evidence-based, gender-neutral CBT (GN-CBT; Epstein & McCrady, 2009) for women with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Women (N = 99) with AUD, mean age 48, were randomly assigned to 12 outpatient manual-guided sessions of FS-CBT (n = 44) or GN-CBT (n = 55). Women were assessed at baseline and 3, 9 and 15 months after baseline for drinking and for specific issues common among women with AUD. A FS-CBT protocol was developed that was discriminable on treatment integrity ratings from GN-CBT...
November 20, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154165/engagement-in-mobile-phone-app-for-self-monitoring-of-emotional-wellbeing-predicts-changes-in-mental-health-moodprism
#3
David Bakker, Nikki Rickard
BACKGROUND: Mobile apps are being used increasingly for mental health purposes, but evidence of their efficacy remains limited. The mechanisms underlying any effects of such apps are also unclear. This study examined the effectiveness of a self-monitoring mobile phone app by investigating the relationships between app engagement and mental health outcomes. METHOD: Participants downloaded the MoodPrism app from the iOS and Android app stores, completing in-app assessments at start of use and again 30days later...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153580/effectiveness-and-safety-of-oro-dispersible-sildenafil-in-a-new-film-formulation-for-the-treatment-of-erectile-dysfunction-comparison-between-sildenafil-100-mg-film-coated-tablet-and-75-mg-oro-dispersible-film
#4
Andrea Cocci, Marco Capece, Gianmartin Cito, Giorgio Ivan Russo, Marco Falcone, Massimiliano Timpano, Michele Rizzo, Pier Andrea Della Camera, Simone Morselli, Riccardo Campi, Francesco Sessa, Giovanni Cacciamani, Andrea Minervini, Mauro Gacci, Vincenzo Mirone, Girolamo Morelli, Nicola Mondaini, Gaia Polloni, Sergio Serni, Alessandro Natali
BACKGROUND: A new oro-dispersible film (ODF) formulation of sildenafil has been developed for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED) to overcome the drawbacks that some patients experience when taking the conventional film-coated tablet (FCT). AIM: To assess the effectiveness and safety of sildenafil ODF formulation in patients with ED who were using the conventional FCT. METHODS: From May 2017 through July 2017, 139 patients with ED were enrolled...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151560/-structural-equation-modeling-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-epilepsy
#5
Jeong Ok Ko, Myung Ha Lee
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify variables influencing the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of adults with epilepsy in order to establish a structural model and design an intervention strategy to improve patients' HRQoL. METHODS: The selected subjects were 212 patients with epilepsy aged between 18 and 70 years who were currently receiving treatment from hospital, general hospital, and clinic. They were surveyed using a structured questionnaire. RESULTS: The goodness of fit measures of the final hypothetical model were as follows: χ²/df=2...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150713/efficacy-of-silexan-in-subthreshold-anxiety-meta-analysis-of-randomised-placebo-controlled-trials
#6
Hans-Jürgen Möller, Hans-Peter Volz, Angelika Dienel, Sandra Schläfke, Siegfried Kasper
Subthreshold psychiatric disorders do not fully meet the diagnostic criteria of syndromal disorders but may be associated with comparable disability. To investigate the anxiolytic effect of Silexan, an active substance from lavender oil for oral administration, in patients with subthreshold anxiety, a meta-analysis that included all published trials with Silexan in this indication was performed. Three randomised, placebo-controlled trials in subthreshold anxiety disorders (anxiety disorder not otherwise specified, restlessness and agitation, mixed anxiety and depressive disorder) were included...
November 17, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150166/exercise-and-mental-health
#7
REVIEW
Kathleen Mikkelsen, Lily Stojanovska, Momir Polenakovic, Marijan Bosevski, Vasso Apostolopoulos
There is a growing body of literature that recognizes the positive effects of exercise on mood states such as anxiety, stress and depression, through physiological and biochemical mechanisms, including endorphins, mitochondria, mammalian target of rapamycin, neurotransmitters and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and via the thermogenic hypothesis. In addition, psychological mechanisms influence the effects of exercise on mood states, as suggested by both the distraction hypothesis and the self-efficacy hypothesis...
December 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149653/prevalence-of-internet-addiction-and-its-risk-and-protective-factors-in-a-representative-sample-of-senior-high-school-students-in-taiwan
#8
Min-Pei Lin, Jo Yung-Wei Wu, Jianing You, Wei-Hsuan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
The aim of this study investigated the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) in a large representative sample of secondary school students and identified the risk and protective factors. Using a crosssectional design, 2170 participants were recruited from senior high schools throughout Taiwan using both stratified and cluster sampling. The prevalence of IA was 17.4% (95% confidence interval, 15.8%-19.0%). High impulsivity, low refusal self-efficacy of Internet use, high positive outcome expectancy of Internet use, high disapproving attitude of Internet use by others, depressive symptoms, low subjective well-being, high frequency of others' invitation to Internet use, and high virtual social support was all independently predictive in the logistic regression analysis...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149141/music-induced-analgesia-in-chronic-pain-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Eduardo A Garza-Villarreal, Victor Pando, Peter Vuust, Christine Parsons
BACKGROUND: Music is increasingly used as an adjuvant for the management of chronic pain (CP), as it is non-invasive, inexpensive, and patients usually report positive experiences with it. However, little is known about its clinical efficacy in chronic pain patients. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the effect of music as an adjuvant for chronic pain, as well as to identify characteristics of music interventions associated with positive clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we investigated randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of adult patients that reported any type of music intervention for chronic pain, chosen by the researcher or patient, lasting for any duration...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145938/teacher-factors-contributing-to-dosage-of-the-kiva-anti-bullying-program
#10
Lauren E Swift, Julie A Hubbard, Megan K Bookhout, Stevie N Grassetti, Marissa A Smith, Michael T Morrow
The KiVa Anti-Bullying Program (KiVa) seeks to meet the growing need for anti-bullying programming through a school-based, teacher-led intervention for elementary school children. The goals of this study were to examine how intervention dosage impacts outcomes of KiVa and how teacher factors influence dosage. Participants included 74 teachers and 1409 4th- and 5th-grade students in nine elementary schools. Teachers and students completed data collection at the beginning and end of the school year, including measures of bullying and victimization, correlates of victimization (depression, anxiety, peer rejection, withdrawal, and school avoidance), intervention cognitions/emotions (anti-bullying attitudes, and empathy toward victims), bystander behaviors, and teacher factors thought to relate to dosage (self-efficacy for teaching, professional burnout, perceived principal support, expected effectiveness of KiVa, perceived feasibility of KiVa)...
December 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145409/predictors-of-suicide-ideation-among-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder
#11
Norm O'Rourke, Marnin J Heisel, Sarah L Canham, Andrew Sixsmith
OBJECTIVES: Bipolar disorder (BD) carries the greatest risk of death by suicide of all psychiatric conditions as 25%-50% of those with BD will make one or more suicide attempt, and about 15% will intentionally end their lives. Among young adults with BD, substance misuse, medication non-adherence, age at onset, and comorbid psychiatric conditions each predict self-harm. It is currently unclear if these same factors or others predict suicide ideation among older adults with BD. METHODS: We recruited a global sample of 220 older adults with BD over 19 days using socio-demographically targeted, social media advertising and online data collection (Mean = 58...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141459/factors-associated-with-caregivers-resilience-in-a-terminal-cancer-care-setting
#12
In Cheol Hwang, Young Sung Kim, Yong Joo Lee, Youn Seon Choi, Sun Wook Hwang, Hyo Min Kim, Su-Jin Koh
BACKGROUND: Resilience implies characteristics such as self-efficacy, adaptability to change, optimism, and the ability to recover from traumatic stress. Studies on resilience in family caregivers (FCs) of patients with terminal cancer are rare. This study aims to examine the factors associated with FCs' resilience in a terminal cancer care setting. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 273 FCs from 7 hospice and palliative care units in Korea. Resilience was categorized as high and low, and factors associated with resilience were grouped or categorized into subscales...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136682/exploring-the-cancer-caregiver-s-journey-through-web-based-meaning-centered-psychotherapy
#13
A J Applebaum, K L Buda, E Schofield, M Farberov, N D Teitelbaum, K Evans, R Cowens-Alvarado, R S Cannady
PURPOSE: Psychosocial interventions are historically underutilized by cancer caregivers, but support programs delivered flexibly over the Internet address multiple barriers to care. We adapted Meaning-Centered Psychotherapy for Cancer Caregivers, an in-person psychotherapeutic intervention intended to augment caregivers' sense of meaning and purpose and ameliorate burden, for delivery in a self-administered web-based program, the Care for the Cancer Caregiver (CCC) Workshop. The present study evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of this program...
November 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132334/is-perfect-good-dimensions-of-perfectionism-in-newly-admitted-medical-students
#14
Helen Seeliger, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Society expects physicians to perform perfectly but high levels of perfectionism are associated with symptoms of distress in medical students. This study investigated whether medical students admitted to medical school by different selection criteria differ in the occurrence of perfectionism. METHODS: Newly enrolled undergraduate medical students (n = 358) filled out the following instruments: Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-H), Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-F), Big Five Inventory (BFI-10), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7)...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131328/headache-education-active-waiting-directive-a-program-to-enhance-well-being-during-long-referral-wait-times
#15
Ana Marissa Lagman-Bartolome, Valerie Lawler, Christine Lay
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this initiative was to evaluate the clinical impact, patient acceptability, and sustainability of implementing a newly developed evidence-guided migraine education program in an academic headache center. BACKGROUND: Headache is the fifth most common reason for emergency department (ED) visits and accounts for more than 10 million physician visits annually. Successful management of headaches presents a challenge to both primary care providers and neurologists...
November 12, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131090/online-self-help-as-an-add-on-to-inpatient-psychotherapy-efficacy-of-a-new-blended-treatment-approach
#16
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Jan Becker, Rudolf J Knickenberg, Martin Siepmann, Karin Hagen, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most frequent and costly mental disorders. While there is increasing evidence for the efficacy of online self-help to improve depression or prevent relapse, there is little evidence in blended care settings, especially combined with inpatient face-to-face psychotherapy. Therefore, we evaluated whether an evidence-based online self-help program improves the efficacy of inpatient psychotherapy. METHODS: A total of 229 depressed patients were randomly allocated either to an online self-help program (intervention group [IG]; Deprexis) or an active control group (CG; weekly online information on depression) in addition to inpatient psychodynamic psychotherapy...
November 3, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130400/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-depression-with-integrated-techniques-from-emotion-focused-and-exposure-therapies
#17
Martin Grosse Holtforth, Tobias Krieger, Johannes Zimmermann, David Altenstein-Yamanaka, Nadja Dörig, Laurence Meisch, Adele M Hayes
BACKGROUND: Emotional processing (EP) is hypothesized to be a key mechanism of change in psychotherapy that may enhance its long-term efficacy. To study the effects of fostering EP in psychotherapy for depression, this randomized-controlled clinical trial compares the efficacy and pattern of change of a cognitive-behavioral therapy that integrates emotion-focused techniques within an exposure framework (Exposure-Based Cognitive Therapy for depression; EBCT-R) to a standard cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)...
November 12, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121961/a-multicomponent-intervention-for-the-management-of-chronic-pain-in-older-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Sheung-Tak Cheng, Ka Long Chan, Rosanna W L Lam, Monique H T Mok, Phoon Ping Chen, Yu Fat Chow, Joanne W Y Chung, Alexander C B Law, Jenny S W Lee, Edward M F Leung, Cindy W C Tam
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that physical interventions and psychological methods based on the cognitive behavioral approach are efficacious in alleviating pain and that combining both tends to yield more benefits than either intervention alone. In view of the aging population with chronic pain and the lack of evidence-based pain management programs locally, we developed a multicomponent intervention incorporating physical exercise and cognitive behavioral techniques and examined its long-term effects against treatment as usual (i...
November 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120206/using-online-interventions-to-deliver-college-student-mental-health-resources-evidence-from-randomized-clinical-trials
#19
Viann N Nguyen-Feng, Christiaan S Greer, Patricia Frazier
This study evaluated the efficacy of Internet-based stress management programs for college students. This approach is particularly fitting for students owing to a lack of mental health resources on campus and to high levels of Internet use among students. Because a history of interpersonal trauma (IPT) is associated with more distress and poorer academic performance, IPT history was assessed as a moderator of intervention efficacy. Students (N = 365) were randomly assigned to a mindfulness plus present control intervention, a mindfulness only intervention, or a stress management information condition that served as an active comparison...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119217/psilocybin-with-psychological-support-for-treatment-resistant-depression-six-month-follow-up
#20
R L Carhart-Harris, M Bolstridge, C M J Day, J Rucker, R Watts, D E Erritzoe, M Kaelen, B Giribaldi, M Bloomfield, S Pilling, J A Rickard, B Forbes, A Feilding, D Taylor, H V Curran, D J Nutt
RATIONALE: Recent clinical trials are reporting marked improvements in mental health outcomes with psychedelic drug-assisted psychotherapy. OBJECTIVES: Here, we report on safety and efficacy outcomes for up to 6 months in an open-label trial of psilocybin for treatment-resistant depression. METHODS: Twenty patients (six females) with (mostly) severe, unipolar, treatment-resistant major depression received two oral doses of psilocybin (10 and 25 mg, 7 days apart) in a supportive setting...
November 8, 2017: Psychopharmacology
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