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Self efficacy and depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221061/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-smartphone-app-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#1
Eric Kuhn, Nitya Kanuri, Julia E Hoffman, Donn W Garvert, Josef I Ruzek, C Barr Taylor
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is highly prevalent in the population, but relatively few affected individuals receive treatment for it. Smartphone applications (apps) could help address this unmet need by offering sound psychoeducational information and evidence-based cognitive behavioral coping tools. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of a free, publicly available smartphone app (PTSD Coach) for self-management of PTSD symptoms. METHOD: One hundred 20 participants who were an average of 39 years old, mostly women (69...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220089/emotion-regulation-therapy-a-mechanism-targeted-treatment-for-disorders-of-distress
#2
Megan E Renna, Jean M Quintero, David M Fresco, Douglas S Mennin
"Distress disorders," which include generalized anxiety disorder and major depression are often highly comorbid with each other and appear to be characterized by common temperamental features that reflect heightened sensitivity to underlying motivational systems related to threat/safety and reward/loss. Further, individuals with distress disorders tend to utilize self-referential processes (e.g., worry, rumination, self-criticism) in a maladaptive attempt to respond to motivationally relevant distress, often resulting in suboptimal contextual learning...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217935/effects-of-individualized-exercise-program-on-physical-function-psychological-dimensions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-china
#3
Qing Tang, Bin Yang, Fengyan Fan, Ping Li, Lei Yang, Yujie Guo
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a 12-week home-based exercise program on physical function, psychological dimensions, and health-related quality of life for patients with chronic kidney disease. Ninety eligible patients were enrolled and randomly separated into the exercise group and the control group from November 2015 to May 2016. The exercise group received an individualized exercise program while the control group received only usual care and continued primary lifestyle. Physical function was measured using 6-minute walk test and 10 repetitions of the sit-to-stand test while psychological dimensions were assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale and the Self-Efficacy for Exercise scale...
February 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217648/psychological-and-familial-factors-of-depression-in-relation-to-adolescent-smoking-behavior
#4
Hamidreza Roohafza, Razieh Omidi, Tahereh Alinia, Kamal Heidari, Marziyeh Farshad, Hossein Davari, Zahra Abtin, Ezat Shahriari, Mahshid Taslimi, Masoumeh Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Several common factors have been identified for smoking and depression. The The present study explores the relation of psychological and familial factors with depression, by student smoking behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 5500 middle- and high-school students were selected in Isfahan province in 2010. A self-administered questionnaire collected data on background characteristics, smoking status, depression, and risk factors. Univariate analysis multiple logistic regressions were conducted to compare between depressed and nondepressed people by adolescent smoking status...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216800/treatment-of-depression-from-a-self-regulation-perspective-basic-concepts-and-applied-strategies-in-self-system-therapy
#5
Timothy J Strauman, Kari M Eddington
Self-regulation models of psychopathology provide a theory-based, empirically supported framework for developing psychotherapeutic interventions that complement and extend current cognitive-behavioral models. However, many clinicians are only minimally familiar with the psychology of self-regulation. The aim of the present manuscript is twofold. First, we provide an overview of self-regulation as a motivational process essential to well-being and introduce two related theories of self-regulation which have been applied to depression...
February 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216503/-depression-and-self-efficacy-in-medical-residents
#6
Yun Ding, Lingling Huang, Chenzhe Feng, Min Yang, Yan Zhang
To evaluate the status of depression and to determine the association between depression and self-efficacy in medical residents.
 Methods: Self-made questionnaire of general situation, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and general self-efficacy scale were applied to 223 new residents from a hospital in Hunan Province to evaluate the general situation, the status of depression, level of self-efficacy sense and the influential factors. Pearson correlation analysis and multiple stepwise regression analysis were performed to assess the association between depression and self-efficacy, and the influential factors of residents, respectively...
January 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215827/impact-of-a-goal-setting-and-decision-support-telephone-coaching-intervention-on-diet-psychosocial-and-decision-outcomes-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes
#7
Christine M Swoboda, Carla K Miller, Celia E Wills
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate a 16-week decision support and goal-setting intervention to compare diet quality, decision, and diabetes-related outcomes to a control group. METHODS: Adults with type 2 diabetes (n=54) were randomly assigned to an intervention or control group. Intervention group participants completed one in-person motivational interviewing and decision support session followed by seven biweekly telephone coaching calls. Participants reported previous goal attempts and set diet- and/or physical activity-related goals during coaching calls...
February 9, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215372/the-managing-epilepsy-well-network-advancing-epilepsy-self-management
#8
EDITORIAL
Martha Sajatovic, Barbara C Jobst, Ross Shegog, Yvan A Bamps, Charles E Begley, Robert T Fraser, Erica K Johnson, Dilip K Pandey, Rakale C Quarells, Peter Scal, Tanya M Spruill, Nancy J Thompson, Rosemarie Kobau
Epilepsy, a complex spectrum of disorders, affects about 2.9 million people in the U.S. Similar to other chronic disorders, people with epilepsy face challenges related to management of the disorder, its treatment, co-occurring depression, disability, social disadvantages, and stigma. Two national conferences on public health and epilepsy (1997, 2003) and a 2012 IOM report on the public health dimensions of epilepsy highlighted important knowledge gaps and emphasized the need for evidence-based, scalable epilepsy self-management programs...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194846/depression-and-medication-adherence-among-older-korean-patients-with-hypertension-mediating-role-of-self-efficacy
#9
Youn-Jung Son, Mi Hwa Won
Many studies have reported the negative effects of depression on adherence to antihypertensive medication. However, little is known about the mechanism underlying this relationship in elderly patients with hypertension. The aim of this cross-sectional study is to examine the mediating role of self-efficacy in the relationship between depression and medication adherence among older patients with hypertension. The data were collected from October to December 2014. A total of 255 older patients with hypertension were assessed using the Geriatric Depression Scale, the Self-efficacy for Appropriate Medication Use Scale, and the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188599/effects-of-depression-alleviation-on-work-productivity-and-income-among-hiv-patients-in-uganda
#10
Glenn J Wagner, Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Eric Robinson, Victoria K Ngo, Peter Glick, Seggane Musisi, Dickens Akena
PURPOSE: Depression is common among people living with HIV, and it is associated with impaired work functioning. However, little research has examined whether depression alleviation improves work-related outcomes in this population, which is the focus of this analysis. METHOD: A sample of 1028 depressed HIV clients in Uganda enrolled in a comparative trial of depression care models and were surveyed over 12 months. Serial regression analyses examined whether depression alleviation (measured by the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire) was associated with change in self-reported weekly amount of hours worked and income earned, and whether these relationships were mediated by change in work-related self-efficacy...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185994/motivational-interviewing-to-improve-self-care-in-heart-failure-patients-motivate-hf-study-protocol-of-a-three-arm-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Ercole Vellone, Marco Paturzo, Fabio D'Agostino, Antonio Petruzzo, Stefano Masci, Davide Ausili, Paola Rebora, Rosaria Alvaro, Barbara Riegel
AIMS: Heart Failure (HF) self-care improves patient outcomes but trials designed to improve HF self-care have shown inconsistent results. Interventions may be more effective in improving self-care if they mobilize support from providers, promote self-efficacy, increase understanding of HF, increase the family involvement, and are individualized. All of these elements are emphasized in motivational interviewing (MI); few trials have been conducted using MI in HF patients and rarely have caregivers been involved in MI interventions...
February 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179889/predictors-of-stress-in-college-students
#12
REVIEW
Dalia Saleh, Nathalie Camart, Lucia Romo
University students often face different stressful situations and preoccupations: the first contact with the university, the freedom of schedule organization, the selection of their master's degree, very selective fields, etc. The purpose of this study is to evaluate a model of vulnerability to stress in French college students. Stress factors were evaluated by a battery of six scales that was accessible online during 3 months. A total of 483 students, aged between 18 and 24 years (Mean = 20.23, standard deviation = 1...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178022/the-impact-of-essential-fatty-acid-b-vitamins-vitamin-c-magnesium-and-zinc-supplementation-on-stress-levels-in-women-a-systematic-review
#13
Delia McCabe, Karolina Lisy, Craig Lockwood, Marc Colbeck
BACKGROUND: Women juggling multiple roles in our complex society are increasingly experiencing psychological stress. Dietary supplementation to manage stress is widespread despite limited supporting evidence. A systematic review of the available literature was undertaken to investigate the efficacy of specific dietary supplements in managing female stress and anxiety. OBJECTIVES: To identify the impact of essential fatty acids (EFAs), B vitamins, vitamin C, magnesium and/or zinc, consumed as dietary supplements to the daily diet, on female stress and anxiety levels...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169575/a-clinician-referral-and-12-week-exercise-training-programme-for-men-with-prostate-cancer-outcomes-to-12-months-of-the-engage-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Cadeyrn J Gaskin, Melinda Craike, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Kerry S Courneya, Patricia M Livingston
BACKGROUND: The ENGAGE (efficacy of a referral and physical activity programme for survivors of prostate cancer) study established that a clinician referral and 12-week exercise training programme increased vigorous physical activity at 12 weeks among men with prostate cancer. Here, we report the 6- and 12-month outcomes. METHODS: In this multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial, we compared a clinician referral and exercise training programme to usual care...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168841/quality-of-life-among-the-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-terminal-cancer-at-home-in-japan
#15
Eriko Ito, Etsuko Tadaka
AIM: To identify the associated factors of quality of life (QOL) among the family caregivers of patients with terminal cancer at home. METHODS: The design was an epidemiological study with self-administered questionnaires by mail. Date collection was carried out in the Tokyo Metropolitan, Tochigi, Ibaraki, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa, Nara, Hyogo, Kagawa, Ehime, and Saga prefectures in Japan. The participants who met the criteria for the present study were 262 family caregivers...
February 6, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168345/association-between-pain-sensitivity-in-the-hand-and-outcomes-after-surgery-in-patients-with-lumbar-disc-herniation-or-spinal-stenosis
#16
Yvonne Lindbäck, Hans Tropp, Paul Enthoven, Björn Gerdle, Allan Abbott, Birgitta Öberg
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between pain sensitivity in the hand pre-surgery, and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in function, pain and health pre- and post-surgery in patients with disc herniation or spinal stenosis. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study with 82 patients. Associations between pressure-, cold- and heat pain threshold (PPT, CPT, HPT) in the hand pre-surgery and Oswestry, VAS pain, EQ-5D, HADS, and Self-Efficacy Scale, pre- and three months post-surgery; were investigated with linear regression...
February 6, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166816/the-achru-cpp-versus-usual-care-for-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-and-multiple-chronic-conditions-and-their-family-caregivers-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Maureen Markle-Reid, Jenny Ploeg, Kimberly D Fraser, Kathryn Ann Fisher, Noori Akhtar-Danesh, Amy Bartholomew, Amiram Gafni, Andrea Gruneir, Sandra P Hirst, Sharon Kaasalainen, Caralyn Kelly Stradiotto, John Miklavcic, Carlos Rojas-Fernandez, Cheryl A Sadowski, Lehana Thabane, Jean A C Triscott, Ross Upshur
BACKGROUND: Many community-based self-management programs have been developed for older adults with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), bolstered by evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that T2DM can be prevented and managed through lifestyle modifications. However, the evidence for their effectiveness is contradictory and weakened by reliance on single-group designs and/or small samples. Additionally, older adults with multiple chronic conditions (MCC) are often excluded because of recruiting and retention challenges...
February 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166244/patient-factors-that-influence-clinicians-decision-making-in-self-management-support-a-clinical-vignette-study
#18
Irene D Bos-Touwen, Jaap C A Trappenburg, Ineke van der Wulp, Marieke J Schuurmans, Niek J de Wit
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Self-management support is an integral part of current chronic care guidelines. The success of self-management interventions varies between individual patients, suggesting a need for tailored self-management support. Understanding the role of patient factors in the current decision making of health professionals can support future tailoring of self-management interventions. The aim of this study is to identify the relative importance of patient factors in health professionals' decision making regarding self-management support...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162990/effects-of-electronic-psychiatric-consultations-on-primary-care-provider-perceptions-of-mental-health-care-survey-results-from-a-randomized-evaluation
#19
Ezra Golberstein, Sarah Kolvenbach, Hilary Carruthers, Benjamin Druss, Paul Goering
BACKGROUND: Primary care is the main point-of-entry for identifying and treating mental health problems. This research examines the effect of a new model of supporting primary care providers (PCPs) treating mental health disorders, the electronic consultation (eConsults), a standard process for communication between PCPs and psychiatrists through an electronic health records system. METHODS: A cluster-randomized evaluation of the psychiatric eConsults model, as implemented in a large integrated delivery system...
February 2, 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162134/influence-of-core-affect-in-the-differential-efficacy-of-a-personality-disorder-intervention-program
#20
Juan M Ramos, Juan M Sendra, Aintzane Sánchez, Ana Mena
The usual emotional experience of the person (affective style) is an influential factor in therapeutic assimilation. Based on a dynamic model of affect shaped dimensionally by the valence and arousal axes (core affect) that fluctuate over time according to the specific context of the individual, its relationship with different variables was investigated and the changes after a 6-month intervention in a specialized hospital unit (N = 103) were observed. The orthogonal structure of core-affect was confirmed. Emotional valence appeared to be positively related to social skills (r = ...
February 6, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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