keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Self efficacy and depression

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778590/sternoclavicular-joint-palpation-pain-the-shoulder-s-waddell-sign
#1
Brent A Ponce, Adam T Archie, Shawna L Watson, Parke W Hudson, Mariano E Menendez, Gerald McGwin, Eugene W Brabston
BACKGROUND: Pain is a complex and subjective reality and can be magnified by nonorganic or nonanatomic sources. Multiple studies have demonstrated a correlation between psychological factors and patients' perceptions of musculoskeletal pain and disability. In addition, nonorganic findings as part of the physical examination are well and long recognized. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between a shoulder examination test, palpation of the sternoclavicular joint (SCJ), and psychosocial conditions including chronic pain, depression, and anxiety...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771077/-observation-of-flupentixol-and-melitracen-on-curative-effect-of-sudden-deafness-patients-with-anxiety-and-depression-in-different-stages
#2
T Zhang, G D Yu
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of flupentixol melitracen on different stages of sudden deafness patients with anxiety and depression. Method: Totally one hundred and sixty-three sudden deafness patients with anxiety and depression were randomly divided into two groups: experimental group(81 cases) and control group (82 cases). All patients were given routine treatment for 2 weeks. The experimental group was given oral flupentixol melitracen (1 tablet/day)for a period of 3 months. The hearing, tinnitus effect and vertigo treatment course were observed and compared...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767345/metastatic-breast-cancer-collateral-damage-project-mbccd-scale-development-and-preliminary-results-of-the-survey-of-health-impact-needs-and-experiences-shine
#3
Timothy J Williamson, Susan M Love, Jessica N Clague DeHart, Alexandra Jorge-Miller, Leah Eshraghi, Heather Cooper Ortner, Annette L Stanton
PURPOSE: Until recently, people with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) had a very poor prognosis. New treatment approaches have prolonged the time that people with MBC live, but their quality of life has received less attention. Consequently, the needs and concerns across financial, vocational, psychological, social, and physical domains in MBC patients are poorly understood-particularly regarding the collateral damage or longer-term, life-altering impacts of MBC and its treatments. This study's aims were to characterize MBC-related collateral damage, identify groups most likely to experience collateral damage, and examine its associations with psychological health, illness management, and health behaviors...
May 16, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767325/associations-with-unprotected-sexual-behavior-among-hiv-infected-drinkers-in-western-kenya
#4
Rebecca K Papas, Benson N Gakinya, Michael M Mwaniki, Xiaotian K Wu, Hana Lee, Steve Martino, Debra A Klein, John E Sidle, Michelle P Loxley, Alfred K Keter, Joyce B Baliddawa, Stephen A Maisto
Approximately 71% of HIV-infected individuals live in sub-Saharan Africa. Alcohol use increases unprotected sex, which can lead to HIV transmission. Little research examines risky sex among HIV-infected individuals in East Africa who are not sex workers. The study purpose was to examine associations with unprotected sex in a high-risk sample of 507 HIV-infected sexually active drinkers in western Kenya. They were enrolled in a trial to reduce alcohol use. Past-month baseline alcohol use and sexual behavior were assessed using the Timeline Followback...
May 16, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764217/chronotype-and-depressive-symptoms-in-students-an-investigation-of-possible-mechanisms
#5
Julia F Van den Berg, Liia Kivelä, Niki Antypa
Individuals with an evening chronotype are at increased risk of experiencing emotional problems, including depressive symptoms. However, the mechanisms underlying these associations remain unclear. The present study aimed to determine whether poor sleep quality, substance use and cognitive emotion regulation difficulties - which have been implicated in the etiology of depression - mediate the relationship between chronotype and depressive symptoms in a student sample, which was assessed cross-sectionally and after 1 year...
May 15, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763515/individualized-breathlessness-interventions-may-improve-outcomes-in-patients-with-advanced-copd
#6
Mary Y Y Qian, John Politis, Michelle Thompson, Darren Wong, Brian Le, Louis Irving, Natasha Smallwood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Many patients with advanced COPD experience refractory breathlessness and individualized breathlessness interventions may improve management of this complex symptom. The aims of this study were to develop, implement and assess the efficacy of a breathlessness intervention for patients with COPD and refractory breathlessness and to evaluate patient acceptability. METHODS: An individualized breathlessness plan, information leaflets, breathlessness education and a hand-held fan were offered to consecutive patients with severe COPD and refractory breathlessness attending a tertiary integrated respiratory and palliative care service...
May 15, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762767/concerns-and-help-seeking-among-patients-using-opioids-for-management-of-chronic-noncancer-pain
#7
Briony Larance, Gabrielle Campbell, Teleri Moore, Suzanne Nielsen, Raimondo Bruno, Nicholas Lintzeris, Milton Cohen, Wayne Hall, Richard Mattick, Courtney O'Donnell, Louisa Degenhardt
Background: The safety and efficacy of long-term opioid treatment for chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) remains controversial. This study examined whether patients who report problematic opioid use sought help and/or perceived barriers to help-seeking. Methods: Data were collected from 1,086 people prescribed opioids for CNCP via a large prospective cohort called the Pain and Opioids IN Treatment (POINT) study. Patients' characteristics and help-seeking were examined according to scores on the Prescribed Opioids Difficulties Scale (PODS)...
May 11, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754439/exploring-psychological-mechanisms-of-clinical-response-to-an-internet-delivered-psychological-pain-management-program
#8
Milena Gandy, Eyal Karin, Michael Jones, Sarah McDonald, Louise Sharpe, Nick Titov, Blake Farran Dear
BACKGROUND: The evidence for Internet-delivered pain management programs for chronic pain is growing, but there is little empirical understanding of how they effect change. Understanding mechanisms of clinical response to these programs could inform their effective development and delivery. METHODS: A large sample (n = 396) from a previous randomised controlled trial of a validated internet-delivered psychological pain management program, the Pain Course, was used to examine the influence of three potential psychological mechanisms (pain acceptance, pain self-efficacy, fear of movement/re-injury) on treatment-related change in disability, depression, anxiety and average pain...
May 13, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752225/mindfulness-based-programme-on-the-psychological-health-of-pregnant-women
#9
Wan-Lin Pan, Meei-Ling Gau, Tzu-Ying Lee, Hei-Jen Jou, Chieh-Yu Liu, Tzung-Kuen Wen
PROBLEM: Preparation of psychological well-being is an important component of antenatal education for childbirth, but few courses focus on this component. BACKGROUND: The psychosocial health of pregnant women is known to affect perinatal outcomes. Psychosocial stress in women has been associated with increased obstetric interventions and has been shown to affect the health of both mother and child. AIM: To explore the efficacy of an eight-week Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting programme on reducing prenatal stress, depression, mindfulness, and childbirth self-efficacy...
May 8, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751819/mindfulness-as-a-complementary-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-primary-health-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Vera Salvo, Jean Kristeller, Jesus Montero Marin, Adriana Sanudo, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer Lourenço, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Vania D'Almeida, Héctor Morillo, Suely Godoy Agostinho Gimeno, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been applied in the United States and Europe to improve physical and psychological health; however, little is known about its feasibility and efficacy in a Brazilian population. Mindfulness may also be relevant in tackling obesity and eating disorders by decreasing binge eating episodes-partly responsible for weight regain for a large number of people-and increasing awareness of emotional and other triggers for overeating. The aim of the present study protocol is to evaluate and compare the feasibility and efficacy of two mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) addressing overweight and obesity in primary care patients: a general programme called Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion and a targeted mindful eating protocol called Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751239/bridging-the-digital-divide-a-comparison-of-use-and-effectiveness-of-an-online-intervention-for-depression-between-baby-boomers-and-millennials
#11
Brooke C Schneider, Johanna Schröder, Thomas Berger, Fritz Hohagen, Björn Meyer, Christina Späth, Wolfgang Greiner, Martin Hautzinger, Wolfgang Lutz, Matthias Rose, Eik Vettorazzi, Steffen Moritz, Jan Philipp Klein
BACKGROUND: Psychological online interventions (POIs) for depression have demonstrated promising effects. However, there are fewer randomized controlled studies on POIs among older adults with depression. The goal of the present study was to compare the use and efficacy of Deprexis, an online intervention for depression, among Millennials (18-35 years) and Baby Boomers (50-65 years). METHODS: We completed a secondary data analysis on a subset (N = 577) of participants in the EVIDENT trial, a parallel-groups, pragmatic, randomized, controlled single-blind study, which compared a 12-week POI (Deprexis) to care as usual (CAU)...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750548/predictors-of-response-to-combined-wake-and-light-therapy-in-treatment-resistant-inpatients-with-depression
#12
Mette Kragh, Erik Roj Larsen, Klaus Martiny, Dorthe Norden Møller, Camilla Schultz Wihlborg, Tove Lindhardt, Poul Videbech
There is growing evidence for combined chronotherapeutic interventions as adjunctive treatments for major depression. However, as the treatments can be demanding, we need to identify predictors of response. This study aimed to describe predictors of response, remission and deterioration in the short-term phase, as well as predictors of long-term response. The predictors investigated were gender, type of depression, severity of depression, treatment resistance, quetiapine use, general self-efficacy, educational level and positive diurnal variation...
May 11, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747068/intimate-partner-relationship-stress-and-suicidality-in-a-psychiatrically-hospitalized-military-sample
#13
Jessica M LaCroix, Victoria A Colborn, Helena O Hassen, Kanchana U Perera, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff, Laura A Novak, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
OBJECTIVE: Suicide among United States service members is a significant public health concern. Intimate partner relationship stress may contribute to suicide risk, as a failed or failing relationship is the most commonly documented stressor preceding military suicide attempts and deaths. However, little is known about the manner by which relationship stressors are associated with the experience of military suicidality. METHODS: A sample of 190 psychiatrically hospitalized military personnel and adult dependents enrolled in an ongoing randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of an inpatient cognitive behavioral treatment for suicidality were included in this study...
April 21, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741742/correlates-of-sexual-functioning-and-relationship-satisfaction-among-men-and-women-experiencing-chronic-pain
#14
Erica Finn, Todd G Morrison, Brian E McGuire
Background: The aims of the study were to 1) examine the prevalence of sexual functioning difficulties in a chronic pain sample; 2) identify correlates of sexual functioning and relationship satisfaction utilizing pain variables (pain severity and pain interference) and psychological variables (mood, pain-related cognitions, self-efficacy, self-esteem, body-image); and 3) investigate possible sex differences in the correlates of sexual functioning and relationship satisfaction. Method: Two hundred sixty-nine participants were recruited online from chronic pain organizations, websites, social media sites, and discussion forums...
May 1, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739423/isupport-an-online-training-and-support-program-for-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-india
#15
Kala M Mehta, Dolores Gallagher-Thompson, Mathew Varghese, Santosh Loganathan, Upasana Baruah, Katrin Seeher, Diana Zandi, Tarun Dua, Anne Margriet Pot
BACKGROUND: Dementia has a huge physical, psychological, social and economic impact upon caregivers, families and societies at large. There has been a growing impetus to utilize Internet interventions given the potential scalability, and presumed cost-effectiveness and accessibility. In this paper, we describe the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aiming to study the impact of online self-help programs on caregivers of people with dementia in India. The experimental group will receive an interactive training and support program and the comparison group will receive an education-only e-book...
May 8, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736102/embitterment-in-war-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#16
Dzevad Sabic, Adela Sabic, Olivera Batic-Mujanovic
Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze frequency of embitterment in war veterans with Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Patients and Methods: It was analyzed 174 subjects (from Health Center Zivinice/ Mental Health Center) through a survey conducted in the period from March 2015 to June 2016, of witch 87 war veterans with PTSD and control subjects 87 war veterans without PTSD. The primary outcome measure was the Post-Traumatic Embitterment Disorder Self-Rating Scale (PTED Scale) who contains 19 items designed to assess features of embitterment reactions to negative life events...
April 2018: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733982/the-giving-parents-support-study-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-a-parent-navigator-intervention-to-improve-outcomes-after-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-discharge
#17
Cara L Carty, Lamia M Soghier, Katherine I Kritikos, Lisa K Tuchman, Michelle Jiggetts, Penny Glass, Randi Streisand, Karen R Fratantoni
Parents of infants hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experience increased anxiety and stress, which may persist after discharge. The rationale and design of a randomized clinical trial assessing the impact of a 1-year, post-discharge, peer support intervention (parent navigation) on parental mental health and infant health care utilization is described. Qualitative methods guided the adaptation of an existing parent support program to target emotional and resource-related needs of NICU families...
May 4, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731244/engagement-in-online-pain-self-management-improves-pain-in-adults-on-medication-assisted-behavioral-treatment-for-opioid-use-disorders
#18
Marian Wilson, Myles Finlay, Michael Orr, Celestina Barbosa-Leiker, Naghmana Sherazi, Mary Lee A Roberts, Matthew Layton, John M Roll
INTRODUCTION: Persistent pain has been recognized as an important motivator that can lead individuals to misuse opioids. New approaches are needed to test pain treatments that can improve outcomes for people with persistent pain in medication-assisted behavioral treatment for opioid use disorder. This study piloted an online pain self-management program to explore acceptability and treatment effects. METHODS: A sample of 60 adults diagnosed with chronic non-cancer pain and receiving medication-assisted behavioral treatment at one of two clinics were randomized into either treatment group with access to an online pain management program or waitlist attention control...
April 27, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723482/factors-affecting-breastfeeding-outcomes-at-six-months-in-preterm-infants
#19
Ying Wang, Carrie-Ellen Briere, Wanli Xu, Xiaomei Cong
BACKGROUND: Preterm mother-infant dyads often face many obstacles to breastfeeding. Preterm infants are at highest risk for low rates of exclusive breastfeeding. Research Aim: To determine the prevalence of breastfeeding at 6 months among preterm infants and to identify factors that influenced mothers' breastfeeding practices. METHODS: A longitudinal observational study was conducted in a metropolitan hospital in Beijing, China. Mothers ( N = 270) and their preterm infants ( N = 280) were included in the study...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722574/secondary-outcomes-of-the-guided-self-help-behavioral-activation-and-physical-activity-for-depression-trial
#20
Isabelle Soucy, Martin D Provencher, Michelle Fortier, Taylor McFadden
BACKGROUND: This article presents secondary outcome variables from a randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of two guided self-help interventions for the treatment of depression: behavioral activation (BA) and physical activity (PA). Both interventions resulted in significant reductions in depressive symptoms compared to the wait-list control group, however the mechanisms by which these interventions influenced depression were not presented. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper was to compare changes in secondary outcome variables to gain insight into the mechanisms by which reactivation interventions reduce depressive symptoms...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
keyword
keyword
80045
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"