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Michael Doherty

David M Wright, Michael Rosato, Rachel Doherty, Dermot O'Reilly
The United Kingdom has among the highest rates of teenage motherhood (TM) in Western Europe. The relationship to individual social and material disadvantage is well established but the influence of area of residence is unclear. We tested for additional TM risks in deprived areas or in cities. The Northern Ireland Longitudinal Study was used to identify 14,055 nulliparous females (15-18). TM risk was measured using multilevel logistic regression, adjusting for health status, religion, family structure, socio-economic status, rurality and employment-based area deprivation...
October 13, 2016: Health & Place
Anthony P Nunes, Jing Yang, Larry Radican, Samuel S Engel, Karen Kurtyka, Kaan Tunceli, Shengsheng Yu, Kristy Iglay, Michael C Doherty, David D Dore
AIMS: Accurate measures of hypoglycemia within electronic health records (EHR) can facilitate clinical population management and research. We quantify the occurrence of serious and mild-to-moderate hypoglycemia in a large EHR database in the US, comparing estimates based only on structured data to those from structured data and natural language processing (NLP) of clinical notes. METHODS: This cohort study included patients with type 2 diabetes identified from January 2009 through March 2014...
September 21, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Chang-Fu Kuo, Shue-Fen Luo, Kuang-Hui Yu, Lai-Chu See, Weiya Zhang, Michael Doherty
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare and devastating disease affecting skin and internal organs. Familial aggregation of SSc and co-aggregation with other autoimmune diseases is rarely reported. METHODS: We identified 23,658,577 beneficiaries registered with the National Health Insurance database in 2010, 1891 of whom had SSc. We identified 21,009,551 parent-child relationships and 17,168,340 full sibling pairs. The familial risks of SSc and other autoimmune diseases and familial transmission were estimated...
October 12, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Thomas J Johnston, Greg L Shaw, Alastair D Lamb, Deepak Parashar, David Greenberg, Tengbin Xiong, Alison L Edwards, Vincent Gnanapragasam, Peter Holding, Phillipa Herbert, Michael Davis, Elizabeth Mizielinsk, J Athene Lane, Jon Oxley, Mary Robinson, Malcolm Mason, John Staffurth, Prasad Bollina, James Catto, Andrew Doble, Alan Doherty, David Gillatt, Roger Kockelbergh, Howard Kynaston, Steve Prescott, Alan Paul, Philip Powell, Derek Rosario, Edward Rowe, Jenny L Donovan, Freddie C Hamdy, David E Neal
BACKGROUND: Early detection and treatment of asymptomatic men with advanced and high-risk prostate cancer (PCa) may improve survival rates. OBJECTIVE: To determine outcomes for men diagnosed with advanced PCa following prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing who were excluded from the ProtecT randomised trial. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Mortality was compared for 492 men followed up for a median of 7.4 yr to a contemporaneous cohort of men from the UK Anglia Cancer Network (ACN) and with a matched subset from the ACN...
October 6, 2016: European Urology
Mary V Kinney, Jeffrey Michael Smith, Tanya Doherty, Jorge Hermida, Karen Daniels, José M Belizán
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), particularly pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, remain one of the leading causes of maternal mortality and are contributory in many foetal/newborn deaths. This editorial discusses a supplement of seven papers which provide the results of the first round of the CLIP (Community Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia) Feasibility Studies. These studies report a number of enablers and barriers in each setting, which have informed the implementation of a cluster-randomized trial (cRCT) aimed at reducing pre-eclampsia-related, and all-cause, maternal and perinatal mortality and major morbidity using community-based identification and treatment of pre-eclampsia in selected geographies of Nigeria, Mozambique, Pakistan and India...
September 30, 2016: Reproductive Health
Martha C Castaño-Betancourt, Dan S Evans, Yolande F M Ramos, Cindy G Boer, Sarah Metrustry, Youfang Liu, Wouter den Hollander, Jeroen van Rooij, Virginia B Kraus, Michelle S Yau, Braxton D Mitchell, Kenneth Muir, Albert Hofman, Michael Doherty, Sally Doherty, Weiya Zhang, Robert Kraaij, Fernando Rivadeneira, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Rose A Maciewicz, Nigel Arden, Rob G H H Nelissen, Margreet Kloppenburg, Joanne M Jordan, Michael C Nevitt, Eline P Slagboom, Deborah J Hart, Floris Lafeber, Unnur Styrkarsdottir, Eleftheria Zeggini, Evangelos Evangelou, Tim D Spector, Andre G Uitterlinden, Nancy E Lane, Ingrid Meulenbelt, Ana M Valdes, Joyce B J van Meurs
Osteoarthritis is one of the most frequent and disabling diseases of the elderly. Only few genetic variants have been identified for osteoarthritis, which is partly due to large phenotype heterogeneity. To reduce heterogeneity, we here examined cartilage thickness, one of the structural components of joint health. We conducted a genome-wide association study of minimal joint space width (mJSW), a proxy for cartilage thickness, in a discovery set of 13,013 participants from five different cohorts and replication in 8,227 individuals from seven independent cohorts...
October 2016: PLoS Genetics
Merlise A Clyde, Rachel Palmieri Weber, Edwin S Iversen, Elizabeth M Poole, Jennifer A Doherty, Marc T Goodman, Roberta B Ness, Harvey A Risch, Mary Anne Rossing, Kathryn L Terry, Nicolas Wentzensen, Alice S Whittemore, Hoda Anton-Culver, Elisa V Bandera, Andrew Berchuck, Michael E Carney, Daniel W Cramer, Julie M Cunningham, Kara L Cushing-Haugen, Robert P Edwards, Brooke L Fridley, Ellen L Goode, Galina Lurie, Valerie McGuire, Francesmary Modugno, Kirsten B Moysich, Sara H Olson, Celeste Leigh Pearce, Malcolm C Pike, Joseph H Rothstein, Thomas A Sellers, Weiva Sieh, Daniel Stram, Pamela J Thompson, Robert A Vierkant, Kristine G Wicklund, Anna H Wu, Argyrios Ziogas, Shelley S Tworoger, Joellen M Schildkraut
Previously developed models for predicting absolute risk of invasive epithelial ovarian cancer have included a limited number of risk factors and have had low discriminatory power (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) < 0.60). Because of this, we developed and internally validated a relative risk prediction model that incorporates 17 established epidemiologic risk factors and 17 genome-wide significant single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) using data from 11 case-control studies in the United States (5,793 cases; 9,512 controls) from the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium (data accrued from 1992 to 2010)...
October 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
Ana M Valdes, Abhishek Abhishek, Kenneth Muir, Weiya Zhang, Rose A Maciewicz, Michael Doherty
OBJECTIVE: Recent findings suggest that β-adrenergic blockers have anti-nociceptive properties. The aim of this study was to compare levels of large joint pain between those on adrenergic blockers and those on other antihypertensive medications Methods: Data from the GOAL study, a secondary care cohort of osteoarthritis (OA), were used. Joint pain was assessed using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis (WOMAC) pain score in 873 individuals who had symptomatic hip and/or knee OA and hypertension, and who were on ≥1 prescription antihypertensive medications...
October 1, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Monica S M Persson, Yu Fu, Archan Bhattacharya, Siew-Li Goh, Marienke van Middelkoop, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, David Walsh, Michael Doherty, Weiya Zhang
BACKGROUND: Pain is the most troubling issue to patients with osteoarthritis (OA), yet current pharmacological treatments offer only small-to-moderate pain reduction. Current guidelines therefore emphasise the need to identify predictors of treatment response. In line with these recommendations, an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis will be conducted. The study aims to investigate the relative treatment effects of topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and topical capsaicin in OA and to identify patient-level predictors of treatment response...
September 29, 2016: Systematic Reviews
Nicole M Warner, Ryder P Gwinn, Michael J Doherty
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate mirtazapine-induced changes in responsive neurostimulator (RNS) recordings in a patient with epilepsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cortical detection/stimulation counts from an RNS implanted in a patient with bitemporal epilepsy were matched to mirtazapine use to see if that drug altered hippocampal excitability. RESULTS: Mirtazapine decreased hippocampal stability; when mirtazapine was held after a washout period, DSC counts declined, but when it was retrialed, DSC counts increased...
2016: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
Jenny L Donovan, Freddie C Hamdy, J Athene Lane, Malcolm Mason, Chris Metcalfe, Eleanor Walsh, Jane M Blazeby, Tim J Peters, Peter Holding, Susan Bonnington, Teresa Lennon, Lynne Bradshaw, Deborah Cooper, Phillipa Herbert, Joanne Howson, Amanda Jones, Norma Lyons, Elizabeth Salter, Pauline Thompson, Sarah Tidball, Jan Blaikie, Catherine Gray, Prasad Bollina, James Catto, Andrew Doble, Alan Doherty, David Gillatt, Roger Kockelbergh, Howard Kynaston, Alan Paul, Philip Powell, Stephen Prescott, Derek J Rosario, Edward Rowe, Michael Davis, Emma L Turner, Richard M Martin, David E Neal
Background Robust data on patient-reported outcome measures comparing treatments for clinically localized prostate cancer are lacking. We investigated the effects of active monitoring, radical prostatectomy, and radical radiotherapy with hormones on patient-reported outcomes. Methods We compared patient-reported outcomes among 1643 men in the Prostate Testing for Cancer and Treatment (ProtecT) trial who completed questionnaires before diagnosis, at 6 and 12 months after randomization, and annually thereafter...
October 13, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Freddie C Hamdy, Jenny L Donovan, J Athene Lane, Malcolm Mason, Chris Metcalfe, Peter Holding, Michael Davis, Tim J Peters, Emma L Turner, Richard M Martin, Jon Oxley, Mary Robinson, John Staffurth, Eleanor Walsh, Prasad Bollina, James Catto, Andrew Doble, Alan Doherty, David Gillatt, Roger Kockelbergh, Howard Kynaston, Alan Paul, Philip Powell, Stephen Prescott, Derek J Rosario, Edward Rowe, David E Neal
Background The comparative effectiveness of treatments for prostate cancer that is detected by prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing remains uncertain. Methods We compared active monitoring, radical prostatectomy, and external-beam radiotherapy for the treatment of clinically localized prostate cancer. Between 1999 and 2009, a total of 82,429 men 50 to 69 years of age received a PSA test; 2664 received a diagnosis of localized prostate cancer, and 1643 agreed to undergo randomization to active monitoring (545 men), surgery (553), or radiotherapy (545)...
October 13, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Michael Marks, Margaret Armstrong, Christopher J M Whitty, Justin F Doherty
BACKGROUND: Understanding geographic and temporal trends in imported infections is key to the management of unwell travellers. Many tropical infections can be managed as outpatients, with admission reserved for severe cases. METHODS: We prospectively recorded the diagnosis and travel history of patients admitted between 2000 and 2015. We describe the common tropical and non-tropical infectious diseases and how these varied based on region, reason for travel and over time...
August 2016: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Melissa C Southey, David E Goldgar, Robert Winqvist, Katri Pylkäs, Fergus Couch, Marc Tischkowitz, William D Foulkes, Joe Dennis, Kyriaki Michailidou, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Tuomas Heikkinen, Heli Nevanlinna, John L Hopper, Thilo Dörk, Kathleen Bm Claes, Jorge Reis-Filho, Zhi Ling Teo, Paolo Radice, Irene Catucci, Paolo Peterlongo, Helen Tsimiklis, Fabrice A Odefrey, James G Dowty, Marjanka K Schmidt, Annegien Broeks, Frans B Hogervorst, Senno Verhoef, Jane Carpenter, Christine Clarke, Rodney J Scott, Peter A Fasching, Lothar Haeberle, Arif B Ekici, Matthias W Beckmann, Julian Peto, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Olivia Fletcher, Nichola Johnson, Manjeet K Bolla, Elinor J Sawyer, Ian Tomlinson, Michael J Kerin, Nicola Miller, Federik Marme, Barbara Burwinkel, Rongxi Yang, Pascal Guénel, Thérèse Truong, Florence Menegaux, Marie Sanchez, Stig Bojesen, Sune F Nielsen, Henrik Flyger, Javier Benitez, M Pilar Zamora, Jose Ignacio Arias Perez, Primitiva Menéndez, Hoda Anton-Culver, Susan Neuhausen, Argyrios Ziogas, Christina A Clarke, Hermann Brenner, Volker Arndt, Christa Stegmaier, Hiltrud Brauch, Thomas Brüning, Yon-Dschun Ko, Taru A Muranen, Kristiina Aittomäki, Carl Blomqvist, Natalia V Bogdanova, Natalia N Antonenkova, Annika Lindblom, Sara Margolin, Arto Mannermaa, Vesa Kataja, Veli-Matti Kosma, Jaana M Hartikainen, Amanda B Spurdle, kConFab Investigators, Els Wauters, Dominiek Smeets, Benoit Beuselinck, Giuseppe Floris, Jenny Chang-Claude, Anja Rudolph, Petra Seibold, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Janet E Olson, Celine Vachon, Vernon S Pankratz, Catriona McLean, Christopher A Haiman, Brian E Henderson, Fredrick Schumacher, Loic Le Marchand, Vessela Kristensen, Grethe Grenaker Alnæs, Wei Zheng, David J Hunter, Sara Lindstrom, Susan E Hankinson, Peter Kraft, Irene Andrulis, Julia A Knight, Gord Glendon, Anna Marie Mulligan, Arja Jukkola-Vuorinen, Mervi Grip, Saila Kauppila, Peter Devilee, Robert A E M Tollenaar, Caroline Seynaeve, Antoinette Hollestelle, Montserrat Garcia-Closas, Jonine Figueroa, Stephen J Chanock, Jolanta Lissowska, Kamila Czene, Hatef Darabi, Mikael Eriksson, Diana M Eccles, Sajjad Rafiq, William J Tapper, Sue M Gerty, Maartje J Hooning, John W M Martens, J Margriet Collée, Madeleine Tilanus-Linthorst, Per Hall, Jingmei Li, Judith S Brand, Keith Humphreys, Angela Cox, Malcolm W R Reed, Craig Luccarini, Caroline Baynes, Alison M Dunning, Ute Hamann, Diana Torres, Hans Ulrich Ulmer, Thomas Rüdiger, Anna Jakubowska, Jan Lubinski, Katarzyna Jaworska, Katarzyna Durda, Susan Slager, Amanda E Toland, Christine B Ambrosone, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Anthony Swerdlow, Alan Ashworth, Nick Orr, Michael Jones, Anna González-Neira, Guillermo Pita, M Rosario Alonso, Nuria Álvarez, Daniel Herrero, Daniel C Tessier, Daniel Vincent, Francois Bacot, Jacques Simard, Martine Dumont, Penny Soucy, Rosalind Eeles, Kenneth Muir, Fredrik Wiklund, Henrik Gronberg, Johanna Schleutker, Børge G Nordestgaard, Maren Weischer, Ruth C Travis, David Neal, Jenny L Donovan, Freddie C Hamdy, Kay-Tee Khaw, Janet L Stanford, William J Blot, Stephen Thibodeau, Daniel J Schaid, Joseph L Kelley, Christiane Maier, Adam S Kibel, Cezary Cybulski, Lisa Cannon-Albright, Katja Butterbach, Jong Park, Radka Kaneva, Jyotsna Batra, Manuel R Teixeira, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Ali Amin Al Olama, Sara Benlloch, Stefan P Renner, Arndt Hartmann, Alexander Hein, Matthias Ruebner, Diether Lambrechts, Els Van Nieuwenhuysen, Ignace Vergote, Sandrina Lambretchs, Jennifer A Doherty, Mary Anne Rossing, Stefan Nickels, Ursula Eilber, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Kunle Odunsi, Lara E Sucheston-Campbell, Grace Friel, Galina Lurie, Jeffrey L Killeen, Lynne R Wilkens, Marc T Goodman, Ingo Runnebaum, Peter A Hillemanns, Liisa M Pelttari, Ralf Butzow, Francesmary Modugno, Robert P Edwards, Roberta B Ness, Kirsten B Moysich, Andreas du Bois, Florian Heitz, Philipp Harter, Stefan Kommoss, Beth Y Karlan, Christine Walsh, Jenny Lester, Allan Jensen, Susanne Krüger Kjaer, Estrid Høgdall, Bernard Peissel, Bernardo Bonanni, Loris Bernard, Ellen L Goode, Brooke L Fridley, Robert A Vierkant, Julie M Cunningham, Melissa C Larson, Zachary C Fogarty, Kimberly R Kalli, Dong Liang, Karen H Lu, Michelle A T Hildebrandt, Xifeng Wu, Douglas A Levine, Fanny Dao, Maria Bisogna, Andrew Berchuck, Edwin S Iversen, Jeffrey R Marks, Lucy Akushevich, Daniel W Cramer, Joellen Schildkraut, Kathryn L Terry, Elizabeth M Poole, Meir Stampfer, Shelley S Tworoger, Elisa V Bandera, Irene Orlow, Sara H Olson, Line Bjorge, Helga B Salvesen, Anne M van Altena, Katja K H Aben, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Leon F A G Massuger, Tanja Pejovic, Yukie Bean, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Linda E Kelemen, Linda S Cook, Nhu D Le, Bohdan Górski, Jacek Gronwald, Janusz Menkiszak, Claus K Høgdall, Lene Lundvall, Lotte Nedergaard, Svend Aage Engelholm, Ed Dicks, Jonathan Tyrer, Ian Campbell, Iain McNeish, James Paul, Nadeem Siddiqui, Rosalind Glasspool, Alice S Whittemore, Joseph H Rothstein, Valerie McGuire, Weiva Sieh, Hui Cai, Xiao-Ou Shu, Rachel T Teten, Rebecca Sutphen, John R McLaughlin, Steven A Narod, Catherine M Phelan, Alvaro N Monteiro, David Fenstermacher, Hui-Yi Lin, Jennifer B Permuth, Thomas A Sellers, Y Ann Chen, Ya-Yu Tsai, Zhihua Chen, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Simon A Gayther, Susan J Ramus, Usha Menon, Anna H Wu, Celeste L Pearce, David Van Den Berg, Malcolm C Pike, Agnieszka Dansonka-Mieszkowska, Joanna Plisiecka-Halasa, Joanna Moes-Sosnowska, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Paul Dp Pharoah, Honglin Song, Ingrid Winship, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Graham G Giles, Sean V Tavtigian, Doug F Easton, Roger L Milne
BACKGROUND: The rarity of mutations in PALB2, CHEK2 and ATM make it difficult to estimate precisely associated cancer risks. Population-based family studies have provided evidence that at least some of these mutations are associated with breast cancer risk as high as those associated with rare BRCA2 mutations. We aimed to estimate the relative risks associated with specific rare variants in PALB2, CHEK2 and ATM via a multicentre case-control study. METHODS: We genotyped 10 rare mutations using the custom iCOGS array: PALB2 c...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Genetics
Siew-Li Goh, Monica S M Persson, Archan Bhattacharya, Michelle Hall, Michael Doherty, Weiya Zhang
BACKGROUND: 'Exercise' is universally recommended as a core treatment for knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA). However, there are very few head-to-head comparative trials to determine the relative efficacy between different types of exercise. The aim of this study is to benchmark different types of exercises against each other through the use of a common comparator in a network meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: This study will include only RCTs published in peer-reviewed journals...
2016: Systematic Reviews
Frances Rees, Michael Doherty, Peter Lanyon, Graham Davenport, Richard D Riley, Weiya Zhang, Matthew J Grainge
OBJECTIVES: 1) To compare the primary care consulting behaviour prior to diagnosis of people with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) with controls, 2) to develop and validate a risk prediction model to aid earlier SLE diagnosis. METHODS: 1,739 incident SLE cases practice-matched to 6,956 controls from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Odds ratios were calculated for age, gender, consultation rates, selected presenting clinical features and previous diagnoses in the 5 years preceding diagnosis date using logistic regression...
September 2, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Abhishek Abhishek, Michael Doherty
Calcium pyrophosphate crystal deposition (CPPD) associates with ageing, osteoarthritis (OA), uncommon metabolic diseases, mutations and polymorphisms in the ankylosis human gene (ANKH). CPPD is frequently polyarticular, occurs due to a generalised articular predisposition, and the association between CPPD and OA is joint specific, for example CPPD associates with knee OA, but not with hip OA. Other recently identified associations include knee malalignment (knee CC), low cortical BMD and soft-tissue calcification...
July 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Moninne Howlett, Michael Curtin, Dermot Doherty, Paula Gleeson, Michelle Sheerin, Cormac Breatnach
AIM: Wide scale implementation of paediatric standardised concentration infusions (SCIs) and the use of smart pump technology has been slow despite international safety agency recommendations. Implementation rates in European hospitals fall far below those in the United States, where for the last decade accreditation has been linked to implementation.1 2 Multidisciplinary collaboration is essential, with pharmacy input and the creation of a smart pump drug library recognised as often being limiting, yet crucial factors, to implementation...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Philip Zylstra, Ross A Bradstock, Michael Bedward, Trent D Penman, Michael D Doherty, Rodney O Weber, A Malcolm Gill, Geoffrey J Cary
The influence of plant traits on forest fire behaviour has evolutionary, ecological and management implications, but is poorly understood and frequently discounted. We use a process model to quantify that influence and provide validation in a diverse range of eucalypt forests burnt under varying conditions. Measured height of consumption was compared to heights predicted using a surface fuel fire behaviour model, then key aspects of our model were sequentially added to this with and without species-specific information...
2016: PloS One
Robert Carreras-Torres, Philip C Haycock, Caroline L Relton, Richard M Martin, George Davey Smith, Peter Kraft, Chi Gao, Shelley Tworoger, Loïc Le Marchand, Lynne R Wilkens, Sungshim L Park, Christopher Haiman, John K Field, Michael Davies, Michael Marcus, Geoffrey Liu, Neil E Caporaso, David C Christiani, Yongyue Wei, Chu Chen, Jennifer A Doherty, Gianluca Severi, Gary E Goodman, Rayjean J Hung, Christopher I Amos, James McKay, Mattias Johansson, Paul Brennan
Body mass index (BMI) is inversely associated with lung cancer risk in observational studies, even though it increases the risk of several other cancers, which could indicate confounding by tobacco smoking or reverse causality. We used the two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) approach to circumvent these limitations of observational epidemiology by constructing a genetic instrument for BMI, based on results from the GIANT consortium, which was evaluated in relation to lung cancer risk using GWAS results on 16,572 lung cancer cases and 21,480 controls...
2016: Scientific Reports
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