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Michael Doherty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329236/impact-of-hiv-drug-resistance-on-hiv-aids-associated-mortality-new-infections-and-antiretroviral-therapy-program-costs-in-sub-saharan-africa
#1
Andrew N Phillips, John Stover, Valentina Cambiano, Fumiyo Nakagawa, Michael R Jordan, Deenan Pillay, Meg Doherty, Paul Revill, Silvia Bertagnolio
To inform the level of attention to be given by antiretroviral therapy (ART) programs to HIV drug resistance (HIVDR), we used an individual-level model to estimate its impact on future AIDS deaths, HIV-incidence and ART program costs in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) for a range of program situations. We applied this to SSA through the Spectrum-Goals model. In a situation in which current levels of pre-treatment HIVDR are over 10% (mean 15%), 16% of AIDS deaths (890,000 deaths) , 9% of new infections (450,000) and 8% ($6...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299460/the-placebo-effect-and-its-determinants-in-fibromyalgia-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#2
Xi Chen, Kun Zou, Natasya Abdullah, Nicola Whiteside, Aliya Sarmanova, Michael Doherty, Weiya Zhang
The aims of this study were to determine whether placebo treatment in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) is effective for fibromyalgia and to identify possible determinants of the magnitude of any such placebo effect. A systematic literature search was undertaken for RCTs in people with fibromyalgia that included a placebo and/or a no-treatment (observation only or waiting list) control group. Placebo effect size (ES) for pain and other outcomes was measured as the improvement of each outcome from baseline divided by the standard deviation of the change from baseline...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293802/history-of-hypertension-heart-disease-and-diabetes-and-ovarian-cancer-patient-survival-evidence-from-the-ovarian-cancer-association-consortium
#3
Albina N Minlikeeva, Jo L Freudenheim, Rikki A Cannioto, J Brian Szender, Kevin H Eng, Francesmary Modugno, Roberta B Ness, Michael J LaMonte, Grace Friel, Brahm H Segal, Kunle Odunsi, Paul Mayor, Emese Zsiros, Barbara Schmalfeldt, Rüdiger Klapdor, Thilo Dӧrk, Peter Hillemanns, Linda E Kelemen, Martin Kӧbel, Helen Steed, Anna de Fazio, Susan J Jordan, Christina M Nagle, Harvey A Risch, Mary Anne Rossing, Jennifer A Doherty, Marc T Goodman, Robert Edwards, Keitaro Matsuo, Mika Mizuno, Beth Y Karlan, Susanne K Kjær, Estrid Høgdall, Allan Jensen, Joellen M Schildkraut, Kathryn L Terry, Daniel W Cramer, Elisa V Bandera, Lisa E Paddock, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Leon F Massuger, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Andrew Berchuck, Jenny Chang-Claude, Brenda Diergaarde, Penelope M Webb, Kirsten B Moysich
PURPOSE: Survival following ovarian cancer diagnosis is generally low; understanding factors related to prognosis could be important to optimize treatment. The role of previously diagnosed comorbidities and use of medications for those conditions in relation to prognosis for ovarian cancer patients has not been studied extensively, particularly according to histological subtype. METHODS: Using pooled data from fifteen studies participating in the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium, we examined the associations between history of hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, and medications taken for these conditions and overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) among patients diagnosed with invasive epithelial ovarian carcinoma...
March 14, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160009/familial-aggregation-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-co-aggregation-of-autoimmune-diseases-in-affected-families-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#4
Chang-Fu Kuo, Matthew J Grainge, Ana M Valdes, Lai-Chu See, Kuang-Hui Yu, S W Steven Shaw, Shue-Fen Luo, Weiya Zhang, Michael Doherty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148582/gout-a-guide-for-the-general-and-acute-physicians
#5
Abhishek Abhishek, Edward Roddy, Michael Doherty
Gout is the most prevalent inflammatory arthritis and affects 2.5% of the general population in the UK. It is also the only arthritis that has the potential to be cured with safe, inexpensive and well tolerated urate-lowering treatments, which reduce serum uric acid by either inhibiting xanthine oxidase - eg allopurinol, febuxostat - or by increasing the renal excretion of uric acid. Of these, xanthine oxidase inhibitors are used first line and are effective in 'curing' gout in the vast majority of patients...
February 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146576/large-scale-population-assessment-of-physical-activity-using-wrist-worn-accelerometers-the-uk-biobank-study
#6
Aiden Doherty, Dan Jackson, Nils Hammerla, Thomas Plötz, Patrick Olivier, Malcolm H Granat, Tom White, Vincent T van Hees, Michael I Trenell, Christoper G Owen, Stephen J Preece, Rob Gillions, Simon Sheard, Tim Peakman, Soren Brage, Nicholas J Wareham
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has not been objectively measured in prospective cohorts with sufficiently large numbers to reliably detect associations with multiple health outcomes. Technological advances now make this possible. We describe the methods used to collect and analyse accelerometer measured physical activity in over 100,000 participants of the UK Biobank study, and report variation by age, sex, day, time of day, and season. METHODS: Participants were approached by email to wear a wrist-worn accelerometer for seven days that was posted to them...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146361/nanomechanical-sensing-using-spins-in-diamond
#7
Michael S J Barson, Phani Peddibhotla, Preeti Ovartchaiyapong, Kumaravelu Ganesan, Richard L Taylor, Matthew Gebert, Zoe Mielens, Berndt Koslowski, David A Simpson, Liam P McGuinness, Jeffrey McCallum, Steven Prawer, Shinobu Onoda, Takeshi Ohshima, Ania C Bleszynski Jayich, Fedor Jelezko, Neil B Manson, Marcus W Doherty
Nanomechanical sensors and quantum nanosensors are two rapidly developing technologies that have diverse interdisciplinary applications in biological and chemical analysis and microscopy. For example, nanomechanical sensors based upon nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) have demonstrated chip-scale mass spectrometry capable of detecting single macromolecules, such as proteins. Quantum nanosensors based upon electron spins of negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond have demonstrated diverse modes of nanometrology, including single molecule magnetic resonance spectroscopy...
March 8, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130584/molecular-detection-of-kobuviruses-in-livestock-in-northern-ireland-and-the-republic-of-ireland
#8
P J Collins, Michael J McMenamy, Julie McClintock, Paula Lagan-Tregaskis, Lorna McCabe, Simon Doherty, Helen O'Shea, Michael Welsh, John McKillen
Kobuviruses have been detected in a wide range of mammals including cats, dogs, pigs, cattle, goats, sheep and bats. Kobuviruses have been detected in symptomatic and asymptomatic animals; however, the clinical significance of infection in animals is still unclear. To date, there is no information regarding kobuvirus prevalence in livestock in Ireland. This study reports the first detection of kobuviruses in pigs, bovines and ovines using quantitative PCR. In this study, mesenteric lymph node was collected from cattle (n = 57), pigs (n = 53) and sheep (n = 50) from farms in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, from animals which had been submitted by private veterinary practitioners from 2009 to 2011 for routine post mortem and clinico-pathological examination...
January 27, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064207/rheumatoid-arthritis-is-getting-less-frequent-results-of-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Abhishek Abhishek, Michael Doherty, Chang-Fu Kuo, Christian D Mallen, Weiya Zhang, Matthew J Grainge
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to examine changes in the incidence and prevalence of RA between 1990 and 2014 and to explore if there is any geographic variation in the incidence and prevalence of RA in the UK. METHODS: This was a primary care-based prospective cohort study. People contributing acceptable data to Clinical Practice Research Datalink between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 2014 were included. Read codes were used to identify RA cases ⩾18 years of age...
January 7, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056003/notes-from-the-field-botulism-outbreak-from-drinking-prison-made-illicit-alcohol-in-a-federal-correctional-facility-mississippi-june-2016
#10
Lindsey McCrickard, Mariel Marlow, Julie L Self, Louise Francois Watkins, Kevin Chatham-Stephens, Jannifer Anderson, Sheryl Hand, Kathryn Taylor, Jennifer Hanson, Keiundria Patrick, Carolina Luquez, Janet Dykes, Suzanne R Kalb, Kaitlin Hoyt, John R Barr, Todd Crawford, Anthony Chambers, Brian Douthit, Robert Cox, Matt Craig, John Spurzem, Joseph Doherty, Michael Allswede, Paul Byers, Thomas Dobbs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051079/genome-wide-association-scan-of-neuropathic-pain-symptoms-post-total-joint-replacement-highlights-a-variant-in-the-protein-kinase-c-gene
#11
Sophie C Warner, Joyce Bj van Meurs, Dieuwke Schiphof, Sita M Bierma-Zeinstra, Albert Hofman, Andre G Uitterlinden, Helen Richardson, Wendy Jenkins, Michael Doherty, Ana M Valdes
Neuropathic pain-like joint symptoms (NP) are seen in a proportion of individuals diagnosed with osteoarthritis (OA) and post total joint replacement (TJR). In this study, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using NP as defined by the painDETECT questionnaire (score >12 indicating possible NP) in 613 post-TJR participants recruited from Nottinghamshire (UK). The prevalence of possible NP was 17.8%. The top four hits from the GWAS and two other biologically relevant single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were replicated in individuals with OA and post TJR from an independent study in the same area (N=908) and in individuals from the Rotterdam Study (N=212)...
January 4, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995369/responsiveness-of-sf-36-health-survey-and-patient-generated-index-in-people-with-chronic-knee-pain-commenced-on-oral-analgesia-analysis-of-data-from-a-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Alex Papou, Salma Hussain, Daniel McWilliams, Weiya Zhang, Michael Doherty
PURPOSE: (1) To assess the responsiveness of the Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) and Patient Generated Index (PGI) in people with knee pain who were given oral analgesics; and (2) to perform content analysis of the SF-36 and PGI aiming to identify differences between the instruments and causes of different responsiveness. METHODS: An observational study nested within a randomised controlled trial comparing oral paracetamol, ibuprofen or a combination of the two in 884 community-derived people with chronic knee pain...
December 19, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974301/radiographic-endophenotyping-in-hip-osteoarthritis-improves-the-precision-of-genetic-association-analysis
#13
Kalliope Panoutsopoulou, Shankar Thiagarajah, Eleni Zengini, Aaron G Day-Williams, Yolande Fm Ramos, Jennifer Mta Meessen, Kasper Huetink, Rob Ghh Nelissen, Lorraine Southam, N William Rayner, Michael Doherty, Ingrid Meulenbelt, Eleftheria Zeggini, J Mark Wilkinson
OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) has a strong genetic component but the success of previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has been restricted due to insufficient sample sizes and phenotype heterogeneity. Our aim was to examine the effect of clinically relevant endophenotyping according to site of maximal joint space narrowing (maxJSN) and bone remodelling response on GWAS signal detection in hip OA. METHODS: A stratified GWAS meta-analysis was conducted in 2118 radiographically defined hip OA cases and 6500 population-based controls...
December 14, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914748/quality-improvement-initiative-to-increase-consistent-use-of-intraluminal-contrast-in-the-identification-of-anastomotic-bowel-leaks-on-computed-tomography-using-the-plan-do-study-act-service-approach
#14
Karim Samji, Ania Kielar, Michael Connolly, Etienne Hache, Geoffrey Doherty, Najla Fasih
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908116/energetic-and-entropic-components-of-the-tolman-length-for-mw-and-tip4p-2005-water-nanodroplets
#15
Mark N Joswiak, Ryan Do, Michael F Doherty, Baron Peters
The surface free energy of a droplet is approximately γ(R)=γ(∞)(1-2δ/R), with R being the droplet radius and δ being the Tolman length. Here we use the mitosis method to compute δ=-0.56±0.1Å at 300 K for mW water, indicating that γ(R) increases as the droplet size decreases. The computed Tolman length agrees quite well with a previous study of TIP4P/2005 water. We also decompose the size-dependent surface free energy into energetic and entropic contributions for the mW and TIP4P/2005 force fields...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878478/liver-resection-after-selective-internal-radiation-therapy-with-yttrium-90-is-safe-and-feasible-a-bi-institutional-analysis
#16
G Paul Wright, J Wallis Marsh, Manish K Varma, Michael G Doherty, David L Bartlett, Mathew H Chung
BACKGROUND: Treatment with yttrium-90 (Y90) microspheres has emerged as a viable liver-directed therapy for patients with unresectable tumors and those outside transplantation criteria. A select number of patients demonstrate a favorable response and become candidates for surgical resection. METHODS: Patients who underwent selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) with Y90 microspheres at two institutions were reviewed. Patients who underwent liver resection were included in the study...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872260/familial-aggregation-and-heritability-of-schizophrenia-and-co-aggregation-of-psychiatric-illnesses-in-affected-families
#17
I-Jun Chou, Chang-Fu Kuo, Yu-Shu Huang, Matthew J Grainge, Ana M Valdes, Lai-Chu See, Kuang-Hui Yu, Shue-Fen Luo, Lu-Shuang Huang, Wen-Yi Tseng, Weiya Zhang, Michael Doherty
Strong familial aggregation of schizophrenia has been reported but there is uncertainty concerning the degree of genetic contribution to the phenotypic variance of the disease. This study aimed to examine the familial aggregation and heritability of schizophrenia, and the relative risks (RRs) of other psychiatric diseases, in relatives of people with schizophrenia using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database. The study population included individuals with affected first-degree or second-degree relatives identified from all beneficiaries (n = 23 422 955) registered in 2013...
November 21, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862567/large-scale-multidirectional-larval-connectivity-among-coral-reef-fish-populations-in-the-great-barrier-reef-marine-park
#18
David H Williamson, Hugo B Harrison, Glenn R Almany, Michael L Berumen, Michael Bode, Mary C Bonin, Severine Choukroun, Peter J Doherty, Ashley J Frisch, Pablo Saenz-Agudelo, Geoffrey P Jones
Larval dispersal is the key process by which populations of most marine fishes and invertebrates are connected and replenished. Advances in larval tagging and genetics have enhanced our capacity to track larval dispersal, assess scales of population connectivity, and quantify larval exchange among no-take marine reserves and fished areas. Recent studies have found that reserves can be a significant source of recruits for populations up to 40 km away, but the scale and direction of larval connectivity across larger seascapes remain unknown...
December 2016: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856332/allergy-and-infant-feeding-guidelines-in-the-context-of-resource-constrained-settings
#19
EDITORIAL
Michael Levin, Ameena Goga, Tanya Doherty, Hoosen Coovadia, David Sanders, Robin J Green, Sharon Kling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852956/preparation-for-a-first-in-man-lentivirus-trial-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#20
Eric W F W Alton, Jeffery M Beekman, A Christopher Boyd, June Brand, Marianne S Carlon, Mary M Connolly, Mario Chan, Sinead Conlon, Heather E Davidson, Jane C Davies, Lee A Davies, Johanna F Dekkers, Ann Doherty, Sabrina Gea-Sorli, Deborah R Gill, Uta Griesenbach, Mamoru Hasegawa, Tracy E Higgins, Takashi Hironaka, Laura Hyndman, Gerry McLachlan, Makoto Inoue, Stephen C Hyde, J Alastair Innes, Toby M Maher, Caroline Moran, Cuixiang Meng, Michael C Paul-Smith, Ian A Pringle, Kamila M Pytel, Andrea Rodriguez-Martinez, Alexander C Schmidt, Barbara J Stevenson, Stephanie G Sumner-Jones, Richard Toshner, Shu Tsugumine, Marguerite W Wasowicz, Jie Zhu
We have recently shown that non-viral gene therapy can stabilise the decline of lung function in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). However, the effect was modest, and more potent gene transfer agents are still required. Fuson protein (F)/Hemagglutinin/Neuraminidase protein (HN)-pseudotyped lentiviral vectors are more efficient for lung gene transfer than non-viral vectors in preclinical models. In preparation for a first-in-man CF trial using the lentiviral vector, we have undertaken key translational preclinical studies...
February 2017: Thorax
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