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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231620/sustaining-guideline-implementation-a-multi-site-perspective-on-activities-challenges-and-supports
#1
Kathryn Smith Higuchi, Barbara Davies, Jenny Ploeg
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine activities conducted, challenges encountered, and supports used when sustaining nursing practice guideline implementation in multiple health care organizations over three years. BACKGROUND: Numerous models and frameworks exist to guide the implementation of guidelines, yet very few focus on sustaining improved practice changes. It is not known if one intervention or multiple interventions are required, nor the long-term activities, challenges, and supports for sustaining improved practices...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231520/medicinal-plants-used-as-anthelmintics-ethnomedical-pharmacological-and-phytochemical-studies
#2
REVIEW
Juan Carlos Romero-Benavides, Ana Lucía Ruano, Ronal Silva-Rivas, Paola Castillo-Veintimilla, Sara Vivanco-Jaramillo, Natalia Bailon-Moscoso
Intestinal parasites delay mental and physical development in children. Infection with these parasites can result in complications during pregnancy and alter the health of newborns, which has long-term effects on educational attainment and economic productivity. The appearance of resistance against classical drug treatments generates interest in the development of new deworming alternatives. We think that research of new plants species may reveal potential antiparasitic compounds. This review is focused on the use of plants and secondary metabolites against intestinal parasites...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231385/most-children-who-took-part-in-a-comprehensive-malnutrition-programme-in-madagascar-reached-and-maintained-the-recovery-threshold
#3
Magnin Margot, Beat Stoll, Rajaobelina Voahangy, Emilien Jeannot
AIM: The benefits of including nutritional education in programmes that tackle moderate and severe acute malnutrition remain poorly documented. This study in Madagascar evaluated the nutritional status of children who took part in an innovative programme that included maternal education, on completion and after a year. METHODS: Each year, this outpatient programme admits 2,400 malnourished children from 6-59 months in the lower districts of Antananarivo, Madagascar...
February 23, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231308/diet-diversity-and-nutritional-status-among-adults-in-southwest-china
#4
Qiang Zhang, Xinguang Chen, Zhitao Liu, Deepthi S Varma, Rong Wan, Shiwen Zhao
BACKGROUND: With rapid urbanization in the past decades, diet diversity continues to increase in China. The present cross-sectional study aims to explore the association between dietary diversity and nutritional status among adults in southwest China. METHODS: This study used data from 2011-2012 National Nutritional Survey in Yunnan Province, southwest China (N = 1105).Data of three consecutive 24-hour dietary recalls were used to calculate dietary diversity scores (DDS) and nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231258/depressive-symptoms-in-hiv-infected-and-seronegative-control-subjects-in-cameroon-effect-of-age-education-and-gender
#5
Georgette D Kanmogne, Fang Qiu, Félicien E Ntone, Julius Y Fonsah, Dora M Njamnshi, Callixte T Kuate, Roland F Doh, Anne M Kengne, Claude T Tagny, Emilienne Nchindap, Léopoldine Kenmogne, Dora Mbanya, Mariana Cherner, Robert K Heaton, Alfred K Njamnshi
Depression is a leading cause of HIV/AIDS disease burden; it worsens health outcomes and quality of life. Addressing this problem requires accurate quantification of the extra burden of depression to HIV/AIDS in a given population, and knowledge of the baseline depression prevalence in the general population. There has been no previous study of depression in the general Cameroonian population. The current study attempts to address that important need. We used the Beck Depression Inventory-II to assess the prevalence and severity of depressive symptoms in 270 HIV-infected and seronegative Cameroonians...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231165/seafood-safety-and-quality-the-consumer-s-role
#6
Doris T Hicks
All the good news about seafood-the health and nutritional benefits, the wide varieties and flavors-has had a positive effect on consumption: people are eating more seafood (http://www.seagrant.sunysb.edu/seafood/pdfs/SeafoodSavvy.pdf). Yet consumers want to be assured that seafood is as safe as, or safer to eat than, other foods. When you hear "seafood safety", think of a safety net designed to protect you, the consumer, from food-borne illness. Every facet of the seafood industry, from harvester to consumer, plays a role in holding up the safety net...
October 28, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230924/self-reported-health-enhancing-physical-activity-recommendation-adherence-among-64-380-finnish-adults
#7
Jason A Bennie, Zeljko Pedisic, Jaana H Suni, Kari Tokola, Pauliina Husu, Stuart J H Biddle, Tommi Vasankari
The Finnish recommendations for health-enhancing physical activity (PA) for adults (≥18 years) recommend: (i) ≥150 minutes of moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA); and (ii) activities that develop muscle strength and balance ≥2 days per week. However, adherence to these recommendations among the Finnish adults is currently unknown. This paper reports on the self-reported adherence to the PA recommendations and associations with sociodemographic factors among Finnish adults. Data were used from the Finnish 'Regional Health and Well-being Study'...
February 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230910/adhesives-for-bonded-molar-tubes-during-fixed-brace-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Declan T Millett, Nicky A Mandall, Rye Cr Mattick, Joy Hickman, Anne-Marie Glenny
BACKGROUND: Orthodontic treatment involves using fixed or removable appliances (dental braces) to correct the positions of teeth. The success of a fixed appliance depends partly on the metal attachments (brackets and bands) being glued to the teeth so that they do not become detached during treatment. Brackets (metal squares) are usually attached to teeth other than molars, where bands (metal rings that go round each tooth) are more commonly used. Orthodontic tubes (stainless steel tubes that allow wires to pass through them), are typically welded to bands but they may also be glued directly (bonded) to molars...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230804/calcium-intake-and-nutritional-adequacy-in-spanish-children-the-aniva-study
#9
Nuria Rubio-López, Agustín Llopis-González, María Morales-Suárez-Varela
Calcium is an important nutrient for child development. The main objective of this study was to assess calcium intake and its adequacy with dietary reference intake (DRI) in Spanish children. The ANIVA (Antropometría y Nutrición Infantil de Valencia) study is a descriptive cross-sectional study. During two academic years 2013-2014 and 2014-2015, 1176 schoolchildren aged 6-9 years were selected from 14 primary schools in Valencia (Spain). Three-day food records were used to assess dietary intake, completed by parents/guardian...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230751/the-feasibility-of-embedding-data-collection-into-the-routine-service-delivery-of-a-multi-component-program-for-high-risk-young-people
#10
Alice Knight, Alys Havard, Anthony Shakeshaft, Myfanwy Maple, Mieke Snijder, Bernie Shakeshaft
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence about how to improve outcomes for high-risk young people, of whom Indigenous young people are disproportionately represented, due to few evaluation studies of interventions. One way to increase the evidence is to have researchers and service providers collaborate to embed evaluation into the routine delivery of services, so program delivery and evaluation occur simultaneously. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating best-evidence measures into the routine data collection processes of a service for high-risk young people, and identify the number and nature of risk factors experienced by participants...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230728/optimistic-bias-risk-factors-and-development-of-high-blood-pressure-and-obesity-among-african-american-adolescents-in-mississippi-usa
#11
Monique S White, Clifton C Addison, Brenda W Campbell Jenkins, Vanessa Bland, Adrianne Clark, Donna Antoine LaVigne
Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions and is linked to hypertension among African American youth. Optimistic bias influences behavior of youth causing them to underestimate their susceptibility to negative health outcomes. This study explored adolescent behaviors and prevalence of high blood pressure and obesity in a school district. We examined the relationship between individual health risk practices and optimistic bias on health outcomes; 433 African American high school students were administered a survey and had their obesity and blood pressure measured by the school nurse...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230693/a-plant-based-nutrition-program
#12
Joanne Evans, Alexandra Magee, Kathy Dickman, Rebecca Sutter, Caroline Sutter
: Proper nutrition is an important but often overlooked component of preventive care and disease management. Following a plant-based diet in particular has been shown to have dramatic effects on health and well-being in a relatively short period of time. For this reason, nurses at three faculty-led community health clinics participated in a nutrition educational program, following a plant-based diet for 21 days. They sought to improve their knowledge of plant-based nutrition and experience firsthand the benefits of such a diet...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230459/estimated-cost-effectiveness-cost-benefit-and-risk-reduction-associated-with-an-endocrinologist-pharmacist-diabetes-intense-medical-management-tune-up-clinic
#13
Jan D Hirsch, Mark Bounthavong, Anisa Arjmand, David R Ha, Christine L Cadiz, Andrew Zimmerman, Heather Ourth, Anthony P Morreale, Steven V Edelman, Candis M Morello
BACKGROUND: In 2012 U.S. diabetes costs were estimated to be $245 billion, with $176 billion related to direct diabetes treatment and associated complications. Although a few studies have reported positive glycemic and economic benefits for diabetes patients treated under primary care physician (PCP)-pharmacist collaborative practice models, no studies have evaluated the cost-effectiveness of an endocrinologist-pharmacist collaborative practice model treating complex diabetes patients versus usual PCP care for similar patients...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230383/the-interplay-between-personality-and-cognitive-ability-across-12-years-in-middle-and-late-adulthood-evidence-for-reciprocal-associations
#14
Markus Wettstein, Benjamin Tauber, Elżbieta Kuźma, Hans-Werner Wahl
Research on relationships between personality and cognitive abilities has so far resulted in inconsistent findings regarding the strength of the associations. Moreover, relationships have rarely been compared longitudinally and bidirectionally between midlife versus late-life cohorts by considering different personality traits as well as multiple cognitive domains over a long-term follow-up period. We hypothesize that the interplay between the "Big Five" personality traits (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness) and cognitive abilities (information processing speed, crystallized intelligence, fluid intelligence) may change from midlife to old age due to age-associated changes in cognitive and personality plasticity...
February 23, 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229926/the-role-of-frailty-in-explaining-the-association-between-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-mortality-in-older-adults
#15
Emiel O Hoogendijk, Martijn Huisman, Adriana J van Ballegooijen
The association between the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and adverse outcomes in older adults may be explained by other health conditions. This study examined the role of frailty in explaining the association between MetS and mortality, independent of comorbidity. Data were used from 1247 men and women aged ≥65years of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam. MetS was assessed using the definition of the US National Cholesterol Education Program. Frailty was measured by the frailty phenotype. Mortality was monitored from 1995 until 2015...
February 14, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229917/factors-related-to-self-directed-learning-readiness-of-students-in-health-professional-programs-a-scoping-review
#16
REVIEW
Craig E Slater, Anne Cusick
BACKGROUND: Academic and professional drivers have stimulated interest in self-directed learning of students in pre-certification health professional programs. Particular attention has focussed on factors which may influence a students' readiness for self-directed learning. METHOD: A five stage structured scoping review of published literature was conducted to identify measures of self-directed learning readiness used with students in pre-certification health professional programs and those factors that have been investigated as potential determinants...
February 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229320/primary-headache-disorders-in-the-adult-general-population-of-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-nationwide-prevalence-survey
#17
A A Herekar, A Ahmad, U L Uqaili, B Ahmed, J Effendi, S Z Alvi, M A Shahab, U Javed, A D Herekar, Rafiq Khanani, T J Steiner
BACKGROUND: The large geographical gaps in our knowledge of the prevalence and burden of headache disorders include almost all of Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). We report a nationwide population-based study in Pakistan, an EMR country with the sixth largest population in the world, conducted as a project within the Global Campaign against Headache. METHODS: We surveyed six locations from the four provinces of Pakistan: Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229019/is-there-a-relation-between-dental-anxiety-fear-and-general-psychological-status
#18
Tuba Talo Yildirim, Serkan Dundar, Alihan Bozoglan, Tahir Karaman, Neval Dildes, Filiz Acun Kaya, Eyyup Altintas, Faruk Oztekin, Osman Atas, Hilal Alan
BACKGROUND: Dental anxiety is a widespread problem in many populations. This problem can be a barrier to dental care and may lead to poor oral health. Dental anxiety may be related to psychological status. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess the levels of dental anxiety, dental fear, Beck Depression, and state-trait anxiety according to age, gender and education level in patients at the periodontology clinic in the Diyarbakır Mouth and Dental Health Center...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228976/facebook-enables-disaster-research-studies-the-use-of-social-media-to-recruit-participants-in-a-post-disaster-setting
#19
Karin Hugelius, Annsofie Adolfsson, Mervyn Gifford, Per Örtenwall
INTRODUCTION: Disaster research entails several methodological challenges, given the context of a disaster. This article aims to describe and evaluate the use of Facebook as a tool to recruit participants for a self-selected Internet sample using a web-based survey in a post-disaster setting in the Philippines after the Haiyan typhoon hit parts of the country in November 2013. METHOD: An invitation to a web-based survey about health was posted on several Facebook pages during a ten-day period...
January 19, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228940/beneficial-effects-of-nonpharmacological-interventions-in-the-management-of-essential-hypertension
#20
REVIEW
Anastasios Vamvakis, Eugenia Gkaliagkousi, Areti Triantafyllou, Eleni Gavriilaki, Stella Douma
Essential hypertension is a major health problem causing excess cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Management of essential hypertension consists of pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. In order to prevent and/or treat hypertension, parameters like nutrition, body weight, and physical exercise should be evaluated and taken under consideration for improvement. A large body of evidence clearly support that the role of salt, alcohol, fruits, and vegetables is important for high blood pressure...
January 2017: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
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