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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931228/civil-registration-and-vital-statistics-emergencies-and-international-law-understanding-the-intersection
#1
Claire E Brolan, Hebe Gouda
Civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems are typically run by governments to record every birth, adoption, death, marriage, and divorce that occurs among a country's population. Registration of vital events provides individuals with a formal relationship with the State and each other, and is the foundation of a person's identity, nationality, and legal status. At a population level, vital statistics are essential for effective planning and implementation of policies and services. Globally, strong CRVS systems are increasingly recognised as a crucial backbone for redressing health inequities and as a priority in strengthening global health and development efforts...
May 1, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931197/study-of-factors-responsible-for-recidivism-in-allergic-fungal-rhinosinusitis
#2
Bipin Kishore Prasad
Patients with allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) are typically atopic and immunocompetent. Despite combined modality treatment based on surgery and immunomodulation, the potential for recidivism is well recognized. A study was conducted in a military hospital in India to identify the factors responsible for recidivism in AFRS and to suggest measures to overcome it. Sixty patients with AFRS (42 new cases and 18 cases that required revision surgery) were managed between January 2009 and July 2013. Patients underwent endoscopic, radiologic, and laboratory evaluation for AFRS followed by functional endoscopic sinus surgery...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931169/effect-of-educational-package-on-lifestyle-of-primiparous-mothers-during-postpartum-period-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Farzaneh Khodabandeh, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Mahin KamaliFard, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
A healthy lifestyle is important for mothers during the postpartum period. This study was conducted to determine the effects of a lifestyle educational package in primiparous women. This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 220 mothers assigned to two groups using block randomization. In the intervention group, the mothers received face-to-face, phone and SMS counseling and a booklet in addition to routine postpartum training; in the control group, the mothers received only routine training. The Health Behaviors Questionnaire, a Food Frequency Questionnaire and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire were used for data collection...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931164/impact-of-patient-education-on-influenza-vaccine-uptake-among-community-dwelling-elderly-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Ka Chun Leung, Carlo Mui, Wing Yan Chiu, Yuk Yiu Ng, Matthew H Y Chen, Pui Hung Ho, Chun Pong Kwok, Suki S M Lam, Chun Yip Wong, Kit Yee Wong, Herbert H Pang
This randomized controlled trial aimed to test the effectiveness of brief face-to-face patient education in increasing influenza vaccination rate among elderly in the community. Recruitment and intervention were conducted at two general outpatient clinics in Hong Kong. 529 eligible patients were randomly assigned to intervention or control group with 1:1 allocation ratio. Patients in the intervention group received 3-min one-on-one verbal education by medical students and a pamphlet regarding influenza vaccination...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931133/a-descriptive-study-of-advising-practices-during-travel-health-consultations-in-france
#5
C Marchand, F Merrina, R Gagnayre, O Bouchaud
Background: Recommendations for improving traveler adherence address both the content of the advice given and the structure of the consultation. The objective of this article is to describe how travel health consultations are structured in France. Methods: A questionnaire based on both theoretical foundations and recommendations in the literature was sent to health professionals who practice in travel clinics, all of them members of France's Société de Médecine des Voyages...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931131/travel-health-education
#6
Luca Cegolon, W C Heymann, John H Lange, Carla Xodo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930816/a-comparative-study-of-interprofessional-education-in-global-health-care-a-systematic-review
#7
Chulani Herath, Yangfeng Zhou, Yong Gan, Naomie Nakandawire, Yanghong Gong, Zuxun Lu
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and its partners identify interprofessional (IP) collaboration in education and practice as an innovative strategy that plays an important role in mitigating the global health workforce crisis. Evidence on the practice of global health level in interprofessional education (IPE) is scarce and hampered due to the absence of aggregate information. Therefore, this systematic review was conducted to examine the incidences of IPE and summarize the main features about the IPE programs in undergraduate and postgraduate education in developed and developing countries...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930761/factors-associated-with-medical-school-graduates-intention-to-work-with-underserved-populations-policy-implications-for-advancing-workforce-diversity
#8
Andrea N Garcia, Tony Kuo, Lisa Arangua, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable
PURPOSE: Given projected U.S. physician shortages across all specialties that will likely impact underserved areas disproportionately, the authors sought to explore factors most correlated with medical school graduates' intention to work with underserved populations (IWUP). METHOD: Data from the 2010-2012 Association of American Medical Colleges Medical School Graduation Questionnaire (n = 40,846) were analyzed. Variables (demographics, career preference, debt burden, intention to enter loan forgiveness programs) were examined using chi-square tests and logistic regression models...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930760/medical-education-and-health-care-delivery-a-call-to-better-align-goals-and-purposes
#9
David P Sklar, Paul A Hemmer, Steven J Durning
The transformation of the U.S. health care system is under way, driven by the needs of an aging population, rising health care spending, and the availability of health information. However, the speed and effectiveness of the transformation of health care delivery will depend, in large part, upon engagement of the health professions community and changes in clinicians' practice behaviors. Current efforts to influence practice behaviors emphasize changes in the health payment system with incentives to move from fee-for-service to alternative payment models...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930670/post-migration-employment-changes-and-health-a-dyadic-spousal-analysis
#10
Annie Ro, Rachel E Goldberg
Prospective studies have found unemployment and job loss to be associated with negative psychological and physical health outcomes. For immigrants, the health implications of employment change cannot be considered apart from pre-migration experiences. While immigrants demonstrate relative success in securing employment in the United States, their work is often not commensurate with their education or expertise. Previous research has linked downward employment with adverse health outcomes among immigrants, but with gender differences...
September 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930622/awareness-of-and-knowledge-about-stis-among-nonmedical-students-in-iran
#11
Mohammad Karamouzian, Armita Shahesmaeili, Razieh Khajehkazemi, Samira Hosseini Hooshyar, Homeira Fallahi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Hamid Sharifi
CONTEXT: Evidence on STI knowledge among Iranian nonmedical university students is limited. Information is needed to inform research and policies to improve the sexual health of university students in Iran. METHODS: A convenience sample of 742 male and female undergraduate and graduate students was recruited from five nonmedical public and private universities in Iran in 2014. Respondents' awareness of and knowledge about STIs were assessed using a validated questionnaire...
July 7, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930554/diet-microparticles-and-atherothrombosis
#12
Lina Badimon, Rosa Suades, Javier Crespo, Teresa Padro, Gemma Chiva-Blanch
Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of death worldwide, and is principally caused by atherosclerosis, with subsequent thrombus formation, eventually provoking an acute myocardial infarction or a stroke. The formation and progression of the atherosclerotic plaques responds to multiple factors including certain diets. Intensive research has elucidated the role of diet in cardiovascular disease and has led to public health policies focusing on educating the population on the role of nutrition in cardiovascular health...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930497/improving-blood-pressure-control-using-smart-technology
#13
Elizabeth L Ciemins, Anupama Arora, Nicholas C Coombs, Barbara Holloway, Elizabeth J Mullette, Robin Garland, Shannon Walsh Bishop-Green, Jerry Penso, Patricia J Coon
BACKGROUND: The authors sought to determine if wireless oscillometric home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) that integrates with smartphone technology improves blood pressure (BP) control among patients with new or existing uncontrolled hypertension (HTN). METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study monitored BP control before and after an educational intervention and introduction to HBPM. Patients in the intervention group were instructed to track their BP using a smartphone device three to seven times per week...
September 30, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930480/health-facility-staff-training-for-improving-breastfeeding-outcome-a-systematic-review-for-step-2-of-the-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative
#14
Olukunmi O Balogun, Amarjargal Dagvadorj, Jennifer Yourkavitch, Katharina da Silva Lopes, Maiko Suto, Yo Takemoto, Rintaro Mori, Pura Rayco-Solon, Erika Ota
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) implemented through the "Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding" has been widely promoted as an intervention that improves breastfeeding rates. Step 2 requires the training of all healthcare staff in skills that are necessary to implement the policy. This systematic review provides evidence about the effect of training healthcare staff in hospitals and birth centers on breastfeeding outcomes. Randomized controlled trials (RCT), quasi-RCT, and controlled before and after (CBA) studies comparing training of healthcare staff on breastfeeding and supportive feeding practices with no training were included in this review...
September 20, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929979/pharmacists-as-care-providers-for-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review
#15
Jade E Basaraba, Michelle Picard, Kirsten George-Phillips, Tania Mysak
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists have become an integral member of the multidisciplinary team providing clinical patient care in various healthcare settings. Although evidence supporting their role in the care of patients with other disease states is well-established, minimal literature has been published evaluating pharmacist interventions in stroke patients. The purpose of this systematic review is to summarize the evidence evaluating the impact of pharmacist interventions on stroke patient outcomes...
September 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929958/-screening-of-corynebacterium-diphtheriae-corynebacterium-ulcerans-and-corynebacterium-pseudotuberculosis-in-throat-swab-specimens-of-children-with-upper-respiratory-tract-infections
#16
Zeynep Gökçe Gayretli Aydın, Gönül Tanır, Selin Nar Ötgün, Meral Turan, Türkan Aydın Teke, Ayşe Kaman, Selçuk Kılıç
Although a significant decrease has been reported in the incidence of diphteria in many regions of the world following the routine diphtheria immunization programs, the emergence of new cases indicated that toxigenic strains are still circulating in the community. Diphtheria vaccine does not provide protection against asymptomatic carriage and colonization of non-toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae. It is a known fact that invasive infections may arise from non-toxigenic C.diphtheriae strains that the non-toxigenic strains can become toxigenic strains leading to diphteria...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929813/limited-english-proficient-patients-perceptions-of-when-interpreters-are-needed-and-how-the-decision-to-utilize-interpreters-is-made
#17
Rebecca J Schwei, Michelle Schroeder, Ifna Ejebe, Maichou Lor, Linda Park, Phia Xiong, Elizabeth A Jacobs
Our objective was to describe when Hmong- and Spanish-speaking limited English proficient (LEP) patients perceive an interpreter was needed and how they perceive the decision to utilize an interpreter is made in a health care encounter. We interviewed a total of 20 LEP patients. We used a number of strategies to recruit LEP patients including posting language-appropriate flyers at clinics, sending letters to LEP patients and asking our participants to refer their family and friends to participate in our study...
September 20, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929802/a-study-of-outcomes-of-patients-treated-at-a-uk-major-trauma-centre-for-moderate-or-severe-injuries-one-to-three-years-after-injury
#18
Stephen Spreadborough, Kate Radford, Roshan das Nair, Adam Brooks, Miriam Duffy
OBJECTIVE: To assess return to work outcomes of major trauma patients treated at a level 1 UK major trauma centre and evaluate factors associated with improved outcomes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort design. SUBJECTS: In total, 99 patients at one, two or three years post-discharge from a Major Trauma Centre with an injury severity score above 9, in full-time work or education prior to injury, aged 18-70 and discharged between April 2012 and June 2015...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929725/-perceived-discrimination-at-work-for-being-an-immigrant-a-study-on-self-perceived-mental-health-status-among-immigrants-in-italy
#19
Anteo Di Napoli, Rosaria Gatta, Alessandra Rossi, Monica Perez, Gianfranco Costanzo, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
BACKGROUND: exposure to discrimination is widely understood as a social determinant of psychophysical health and a contributing factor to health inequities among social groups. Few studies exist, particularly in Italy, about the effects of discrimination among immigrants at workplace. OBJECTIVES: to analyse the association between perceived discrimination at work for being an immigrant and mental health status among immigrants in Italy. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: a sub-sample of 12,408 immigrants residing in Italy was analysed...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929724/-overweight-and-obesity-among-adult-immigrant-populations-resident-in-italy
#20
Alessio Petrelli, Anteo Di Napoli, Alessandra Rossi, Daniele Spizzichino, Gianfranco Costanzo, Monica Perez
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate sociodemographic and behavioural factors associated with overweight and obesity among immigrant population in Italy. DESIGN: cross-sectional study on the representative sample of foreign population resident in Italy of the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) survey "Social conditions and integration of foreign citizens in Italy", carried out in 2011-2012. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on a subsample of 15,195 foreigners aged 18-64 years, corresponding to an estimate of 2,986,202 foreign citizens among the resident population in Italy...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
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