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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454014/reduced-mouse-allergen-is-associated-with-epigenetic-changes-in-regulatory-genes-but-not-mouse-sensitization-in-asthmatic-children
#1
Rachel L Miller, Hanjie Zhang, Jacqueline Jezioro, Mariangels De Planell Saguer, Stephanie Lovinsky-Desir, Xinhua Liu, Matthew Perzanowski, Adnan Divjan, Wanda Phipatanakul, Elizabeth C Matsui
Chronic exposure to mouse allergen may contribute greatly to the inner-city asthma burden. We hypothesized that reducing mouse allergen exposure may modulate the immunopathology underlying symptomatic pediatric allergic asthma, and that this occurs through epigenetic regulation. To test this hypothesis, we studied a cohort of mouse sensitized, persistent asthmatic inner-city children undergoing mouse allergen-targeted integrated pest management (IPM) vs education in a randomized controlled intervention trial...
April 25, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453893/who-are-the-support-persons-of-haematological-cancer-survivors-and-how-is-their-performance-perceived
#2
Alix Hall, Marita Lynagh, Mariko Carey, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Elise Mansfield
OBJECTIVE: To explore: (i) how haematological cancer survivors and their support persons perceive the overall performance of the support person; (ii) disagreement between survivor and support person ratings; and (iii) characteristics associated with support persons rating their performance poorly. METHODS: This is a sub-study of a larger project of Australian haematological cancer survivors and their support persons. For this sub-study haematological cancer survivors were recruited from four Australian population-based cancer registries and asked to pass on a questionnaire package to their support persons...
April 28, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453714/evaluating-the-effect-of-integrated-microfinance-and-health-interventions-an-updated-review-of-the-evidence
#3
Lara M J Lorenzetti, Sheila Leatherman, Valerie L Flax
Background: Solutions delivered within firm sectoral boundaries are inadequate in achieving income security and better health for poor populations. Integrated microfinance and health interventions leverage networks of women to promote financial inclusion, build livelihoods, and safeguard against high cost illnesses. Our understanding of the effect of integrated interventions has been limited by variability in intervention, outcome, design, and methodological rigour. This systematic review synthesises the literature through 2015 to understand the effect of integrated microfinance and health programs...
June 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453711/improving-access-to-child-health-services-at-the-community-level-in-zambia-a-country-case-study-on-progress-in-child-survival-2000-2013
#4
Aaron M Kipp, Margaret Maimbolwa, Marie A Brault, Penelope Kalesha-Masumbu, Mary Katepa-Bwalya, Phanuel Habimana, Sten H Vermund, Kasonde Mwinga, Connie A Haley
Reductions in under-five mortality in Africa have not been sufficient to meet the Millennium Development Goal #4 (MDG#4) of reducing under-five mortality by two-thirds by 2015. Nevertheless, 12 African countries have met MDG#4. We undertook a four country study to examine barriers and facilitators of child survival prior to 2015, seeking to better understand variability in success across countries. The current analysis presents indicator, national document, and qualitative data from key informants and community women describing the factors that have enabled Zambia to successfully reduce under-five mortality over the last 15 years and achieve MDG#4...
June 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453587/-association-of-physical-activity-and-dietary-habits-with-overweight-in-fertile-chilean-women
#5
Ximena Guerra M, Paula Bedregal, Gerardo Weisstaub, Patricia Caro M
BACKGROUND: Women in Chile are mainly responsible in the formation of eating habits in the population, particularly at their homes. AIM: To explore the association of physical activity and alimentary habits with overweight among adult Chilean women in fertile age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross sectional study using the data from de National Health Survey 2009-2010. Socio-demographic variables, dietary issues, multidimensional physical activity, sedentary free time and their link with nutritional status were studied in a sample of 1,195 women aged between 20 and 44 years...
February 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453580/-health-related-quality-of-life-in-chilean-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
Daniel Collado-Mateo, José C Adsuar, Pedro R Olivares, Miguel Ángel García-Gordillo
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has a relevant impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Short Form 6 dimensions (SF-6D) quality of life tool allows researchers to calculate preference-based utilities using data from SF-12 or SF-36 questionnaires. AIM: To provide normative values of SF-6D derived from SF-12 for Chilean patients with COPD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: SF-6D utility index was calculated using data from the 2009/2010 Chilean National Health Survey...
February 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453426/taking-chances-a-new-librarian-and-curriculum-redesign
#7
Iris Kovar-Gough
As technology becomes ubiquitous in designing and delivering medical school curricula, health sciences librarians can embrace emerging opportunities for participation in curriculum design. A new medical librarian at Michigan State University Libraries engaged her user base outside of established duties, learned new skills, and challenged preconceived notions about librarians' roles. In the process, she became a partner in copyright education, amended license agreements for enhanced curricular multimedia use, and facilitated curriculum mapping through taxonomy building...
April 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453424/a-multicomponent-library-resource-model-to-enhance-academic-global-health-education-among-residency-programs
#8
Rupa R Patel, Sandhiya Ravichandran, Michelle M Doering, Angela C Hardi
Global health is becoming an increasingly important component of medical education. Medical libraries have an opportunity to assist global health residents with their information needs, but first it is important to identify what those needs are and how best they can be addressed. This article reports a collaboration between global health faculty and an academic medical librarian to assess the information needs of global health pathway residents and how assessment data are used to create a multicomponent program designed to enhance global health education...
April 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453319/does-a-checklist-reduce-the-number-of-errors-made-in-nurse-assembled-discharge-prescriptions
#9
Corrine Byrne, Hannah Sierra, Rowan Tolhurst
BACKGROUND: The safe supply of medicines is an integral part of being discharged from hospital. Locally, nurses are responsible for assembling medication for discharge prescriptions. Over a 2-year period 15 serious medication errors relating to discharge were reported on the health and ageing unit. This project was designed to evaluate whether a discharge medication checklist could reduce errors on nurse-assembled discharge prescriptions. METHODS AND RESULTS: A baseline audit was conducted to identify the number of medication errors on nurse-assembled discharge prescriptions...
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449363/health-literacy-interventions-for-immigrant-populations-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
M Fernández-Gutiérrez, P Bas-Sarmiento, M J Albar-Marín, O Paloma-Castro, J M Romero-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is considered a social health determinant that influences improvement in health, patient empowerment and reduction in inequalities. There is a lack of health literacy interventions for vulnerable social groups (i.e. immigrants), and nurses have shown little familiarity with the concept. AIM: This study aimed to identify and analyse whether interventions directed at immigrant populations improve the functional (basic reading, writing and arithmetic skills), interactive (social and cognitive skills) and critical (advanced cognitive and social skills in critically analyzing information and making informed decisions) dimensions of health literacy, taking into account the role played by nursing in these interventions...
April 27, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449308/a-qualitative-study-of-the-knowledge-behaviour-and-attitudes-of-patients-with-skin-cancer-regarding-sunlight-exposure-and-vitamin-d
#11
D Rutkowski, M D Farrar, J E Osman, A R Webb, L E Rhodes
BACKGROUND: Solar UVR is a major cause of skin cancer but also an important source of vitamin D (VitD), essential for musculoskeletal health. Conflicting public health messages may confuse skin cancer patients prone to further skin cancer. OBJECTIVE: To explore the knowledge, behaviour and attitudes of skin cancer patients to sunlight exposure and VitD sources. METHODS: Patients (n=10) previously treated for multiple basal cell cancer in a hospital setting, participated in focus group sessions with semi-structured discussions to explore: knowledge of VitD, sun-avoidance behaviour, and attitude towards sunlight exposure messages...
April 27, 2017: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449292/oral-health-beliefs-knowledge-and-behaviors-in-northern-california-american-indian-and-alaska-native-mothers-regarding-early-childhood-caries
#12
Brenda Heaton, Andrew Crawford, Raul I Garcia, Michelle Henshaw, Christine A Riedy, Judith C Barker, Maureen A Wimsatt
OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health beliefs, knowledge, and behaviors related to early childhood caries (ECC) risk in a convenience sample of American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) mothers residing in rural Northern California communities. METHODS: Fifty-three mothers of young children were recruited from three tribal communities in Northern California with the assistance of the California Rural Indian Health Board, Inc. and its California Tribal Epidemiology Center and Dental Support Center...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449275/public-perception-of-dermatology-and-dermatologists-in-italy-results-from-a-population-based-national-survey
#13
P Gisondi, G Deangelis, G Venturelli, G Girolomoni
INTRODUCTION: The public perception of Dermatology and dermatologists may be very relevant in guiding strategies for improving dermatologic care but it has been poorly investigated in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the public's perception of Dermatology and dermatologists in Italy. METHODS: A representative sampling of Italian adults (n=1500, aged 18-70 years), residing throughout the national territory was interviewed through a population-based telephone survey using a structured questionnaire...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449198/systematic-review-of-sex-work-interventions-in-sub-saharan-africa-examining-combination-prevention-approaches
#14
George Awungafac, Therese Delvaux, Bea Vuylsteke
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections is disproportionately high among sex workers (SW). We aimed to update the evidence on the effectiveness of SW interventions in sub-Saharan Africa and to provide more insights into combination prevention. METHODS: Systematic review following PRISMA guidelines in a search of PUBMED and POPLINE for peer-reviewed literature published between January 1, 2000 and July 22, 2016 (registration number on PROSPERO: CRD42016042529)...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449191/perceived-harms-and-benefits-of-tobacco-marijuana-and-electronic-vaporizers-among-young-adults-in-colorado-implications-for-health-education-and-research
#15
Lucy Popova, Emily Anne McDonald, Sohrab Sidhu, Rachel Barry, Tracey A Richers Maruyama, Nicolas M Sheon, Pamela M Ling
AIMS: To evaluate how young adults perceive and compare harms and benefits of marijuana and tobacco products in the context of a legal marijuana market in Colorado. DESIGN: Semi-structured qualitative interviews. SETTING: Denver, Colorado, USA. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two young adults (18-26 years old) who used tobacco/marijuana/vaporizers. Semi-structured interviews addressed perceived harms and benefits of various tobacco and marijuana products and personal experiences with these products...
April 27, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449054/i-learn-therefore-i-am-a-phenomenological-analysis-of-meanings-of-lifelong-learning-for-vulnerable-older-adults
#16
Miya Narushima, Jian Liu, Naomi Diestelkamp
Background and Objectives: This study explores the lifelong learning experience of vulnerable older adults to find out (a) what is involved in their activities, (b) what meanings they take from their learning, and (c) how participation in a learning program helps to maintain their well-being and independent living despite their daily challenges. Research Design and Methods: This study employed a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. As part of a larger study, we conducted semi-structured interviews with older learners enrolled in general interest courses at a public continuing education program...
April 26, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449017/a-multifaceted-intervention-to-improve-primary-care-radiology-referral-quality-and-value-in-canterbury
#17
Kieran Holland, Graham McGeoch, Carolyn Gullery
AIMS: This article describes a seven-year multifaceted intervention leading to sustained improvement in primary care radiology referral quality and value in Canterbury, New Zealand, and discusses the transferability to other health systems. METHODS: Access criteria were developed with input from general practitioners and hospital-based specialists, and embedded in locally developed clinical pathways. A referral management service was created to streamline referral processes...
April 28, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448942/assessing-knowledge-of-symptoms-and-first-aid-care-of-epilepsy-in-grenada-west-indies
#18
Sean C Cofano, Disep Ojukwu, Natasha Mozumdar, Zainab Raza, Shipra Saigal, Shashank Musku, Safwan Zar, Michael Merolla, Tuula O Jalonen
Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that is increasingly prevalent in developing countries. It is critical to provide appropriate support to patients during seizures in order to prevent injuries. False beliefs regarding the etiology or pathogenesis of the epilepsy and inadequate health information may put patients with epilepsy or other seizure disorders at increased risk of injury. Our objective was to assess the level of epilepsy awareness amongst the general population in Grenada and educate the participants regarding proper first-aid measures...
April 24, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448883/exploring-the-attitudes-knowledge-and-beliefs-of-nurses-and-midwives-of-the-healthcare-needs-of-the-lgbtq-population-an-integrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Kate Stewart, Pauline O'Reilly
OBJECTIVES: To explore current literature surrounding the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of nurses and midwives of the healthcare needs of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer (LGBTQ) patients and their influence on equal and non-discriminatory care for LGBTQ individuals. DESIGN: Systematic integrative review. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, InterNurse. REVIEW METHODS: This integrative review used Wakefield's (2014) framework to establish the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of nurses and midwives of the healthcare needs of LGBTQ patients...
April 18, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448858/the-development-and-piloting-of-an-ehealth-breastfeeding-resource-targeting-fathers-and-partners-as-co-parents
#20
Jennifer Abbass-Dick, Fangli Xie, Jaymie Koroluk, Shelley Alcock Brillinger, Joanne Huizinga, Amber Newport, William M Goodman, Cindy-Lee Dennis
OBJECTIVE: Traditionally breastfeeding education programs target mothers solely. The objective of this study was to design and pilot test an interactive eHealth breastfeeding co-parenting resource developed to target both mothers and fathers. eHealth resources provide an accessible and engaging format on which to educate parents and assist them in meeting their breastfeeding goals. Best practices to design such resources are not currently known. DESIGN: A three phase pilot study was conducted...
April 18, 2017: Midwifery
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